Joined system of floor cover

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of construction, in particular, to joined systems of floor from polymer panels. Multiple polymer panels cast in the form of rigid solid, having flat upper surface and lower grating structure, joined mechanically together along side edges. Each side edge has steps that alternate, facing up and down, with concave slots on one surface and joined convex ledges on the other surface for reliable joining of adjacent panels to each other. Steps of adjacent panels are joined to each other to form full floor system. Multiple polymer panels may be cast to imitate materials of floor coating, such as brick, or coated with pieces of linoleum, carpet, synthetic grass, tile or wooden coating of floor. As an alternative solution, assembled panels may be coated with sheet of decorative material.

EFFECT: simplified assembly of floor.

20 cl, 21 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a floor covering. In particular, it relates to Rethimno joined polymer panels, held together by a mechanical locking means, while the panels form the surface of the floor or underlying surface.

Surface coverings, such as carpets, linoleum, wood flooring, rubberized systems floor coverings and tiles must be laid on the Foundation that supports surface treatment. Generally, surface coating placed on top of the foundations of plywood or cement. These base materials are expensive to install and difficult udalenie after installation. Related to the field of entertainment surfaces often need to be moved to different locations as one and the same site can be used for various purposes, for example, the ice rink will be transformed into a basketball court or stage. There is a need for an inexpensive, just roaming the base surface as an independent floor surface and for use in connection with many surface coatings.

In the publication US 2005-0028475-A1 (Barlow) describes the "Dockable base and top surface coating", the full content of which is included in this description. In this proposal describes the polymer panels, to the which you can use to quickly cover or create surfaces, such as a concert floor over the ice skating rink, a scene or an outdoor patio. Panel described in this application, does not always guarantee proper horizontal alignment between adjacent panels. Furthermore, the design of such panels eliminates the execution of the panels so that when the connecting straight line of intersection, as in the conventional constructions of the sidewalks.

The invention of this application is the set of detachable polymer panels made with the possibility of fastening with the locking means with the adjacent panels in different directions to create internal/external system flooring. The multiple polymeric panels prepared by pressing, blowing, injection molding or any other method of formation with the formation of the flat upper surface in the form of a single whole with the lower lattice structure. Locking means mounted on each end of the panel contiguous with the adjacent polymeric panel. Docked panels can simply be disassembled and moved to another location.

The present invention is to create panels that can be easily collected in a system of floor covering or partially covering the floor without the use of tools.

Another objective of the present invention is the creation of a panel is th, which can be disassembled when they are no longer needed and then re-use.

Another objective of this invention is to provide panels which have a decorative upper surface and ready to make the floors or areas open courtyard.

In one embodiment, the disclosed polymeric panel comprising a rigid integral body having a planar upper surface, the lattice structure supporting the top surface and the lot abutting the side surfaces. Each abutting side surface is facing up and down stairs, while facing down stairs have a convex protrusion on the bottom surface and facing up stairs have a concave mating recess on the upper surface. As a continuation of the flat upper surface is formed overhanging ledge, which cavity is formed between the overhanging ledge and the top surface facing up the stairs. In the upper surface facing down steps formed overhanging ledge, which provides the possibility of occurrence of downward steps of the first panel inside the cavity of the second panel. The steps of the side surfaces of the first panel joined with complementary steps of the second panel.

In another embodiment, the system disclosed flooring, including many which has a detachable molded hard polymer panels, having each at least one downward step and at least one facing up the step in the side surface, a flat top surface and lattice structure supporting the top surface. At least one of the facing down stairs has a convex protrusion on the bottom surface and at least one of facing up stairs has a concave mating recess on the upper surface. On the continuation of the flat top surface is formed overhanging ledge, forming a cavity between the overhanging ledge and the upper surface facing upward steps, and the top surface facing down stairs formed a hanging ledge. This allows dense occurrences of facing down the steps of the first panel inside the cavity of the second panel, so that the steps of the side surfaces of the first panel joined with complementary steps of the second panel and adjacent panels remain flat alignment.

In another embodiment, the disclosed docked floor, including multiple polymeric panels, cast in the form of a rigid solid body flat top surface and a grid structure supporting the top surface, and lots abutting side surfaces. Each abutting side surface is facing upward and downward the stairs, at least one of facing down the stairs with convex protrusions on the bottom surface and at least one of facing up the stairs with the concave mating grooves on the upper surface. Overhanging ledge extends from the planar surface and forms a cavity between the overhanging ledge and the upper surface facing upward steps, while in the upper surface facing down stairs formed a hanging ledge. This provides the possibility of occurrence of facing down the steps of the first panel inside the cavity of the second panel and dock side surfaces of the first panel with complementary steps of the second panel.

For a better understanding of the invention by experts in the field of technology the following is a detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings, which depict:

Fig. 1 - cast polymer panel used for the formation of a docked system base or floor, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 2 - two adjacent polymeric panels according to Fig. 1, ready for docking with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 3 - two adjacent polymeric panels according to Fig. 1, docked with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 4 - two adjacent polymeric panels according to Fig. 1 and rannie flat panel edges, ready to dock with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 5 - two adjacent polymeric panels according to Fig. 1 and the edge of the panel with flat edges, docked with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 6 - two adjacent polymeric panels according to Fig. 1 and the edge of the panel with round edges, docked with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 7 - cast polymer panel according to Fig. 1, an isometric view from below;

Fig. 8 is a section along the line 8-8 in Fig. 3 adjacent edges polymer docked with each other panels;

Fig. 8A is a section along the line 8A-8A in Fig. 3 adjacent edges polymer docked with each other panels held on the substrate using a pin or screw;

Fig. 9 - cast polymer panel with straight connecting edges, used for the formation of a docked system base or floor, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 10 - two adjacent polymeric panels according to Fig. 9, docked with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 11 is a section along the line 11-11 in Fig. 10 adjacent edges polymer docked with each other panels;

Fig. 12 four adjacent polymeric panels according to Fig. 1, docked with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

f is, 13 four adjacent polymeric panel with round outer edges, docked with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 14 four adjacent polymeric panels according to Fig. 13, docked with each other at their edges, enclosed in a border, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 15A - polymer panels made specifically for the education of the sidewalk, ready to dock with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 15V - polymer panel with flat mating edges, made specifically for the education of the sidewalk, ready to dock with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 16A - polymeric panels according to Fig. 15A, made specifically for the education of the sidewalk, docked with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 16V - plastic-panel flat mating edges according to Fig. 15V, made specifically for the education of the sidewalk, docked with each other at their edges, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 17 - polymeric panels according to Fig. 9 with decorative top brick;

Fig. 18 - multiple polymeric panels according to Fig. 17 with end caps, having a decorative top under a brick and ready for docking with each other, in isometric project is the top;

Fig. 19 several docked polymeric panels according to Fig. 17 with end caps, having a decorative top under a brick, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 20 - polymeric panels according to Fig. 9 safe top, in an isometric view from above;

Fig. 21 - multiple polymeric panels according to Fig. 9 safe top, in isometric projection at the top.

In the following detailed description of the same items refer to the same elements in all figures.

As shown in Fig. 1, 2, 8 and 8A, panel 100/102 joined together with formation of rows of docked panels, designed for mechanical coupling with each other. Each panel 10 has a flat upper surface 11 and each panel 10 is facing upward steps 14 and facing down the steps 22. At least one of the downward steps 22 contains a downward convex protrusion 24 on its lower surface, as shown in Fig. 8. At least one of facing up the stairs 14 includes a concave mating recess 18 on its upper surface. There hanging ledge 20 to allow the introduction of downward steps 22 to slide the hanging edge 20 in the cavity formed between facing upward steps 14 and overhanging ledge 12, thereby interlock convex is ectopy 24 with the concave grooves 18. Overhanging ledge is a continuation of the flat upper surface 11 of the panel 10. This docking mechanism helps adjacent panels to maintain planar alignment while providing a tight mechanical connections.

In versions of the panels, which have more than one pair of stairs, it is preferable to perform the panel 10, as shown in the figures, with alternating facing up the stairs and turned down the stairs and with external stairs 14/22 having mating convex protrusions 24 and the concave conjugate of the recess 18. In an alternative embodiment, the facing up steps are in a different order and not alternate with facing down the stairs.

In some embodiments, execution, where the panel is less than sufficient only a couple of steps 14/22. In some embodiments, execution, where the panel is more, there are several pairs of stairs 14/22, and more than one pair of stairs includes mating convex protrusions 24 and the concave conjugate of the recess 18.

Panel 10 can uncouple through their stretching from each other. In a preferred embodiment, the upper flat surface 11 of the panel 10 is molded in the form of a rigid one-piece body with a lattice structure 25 shown in Fig. 7. In some embodiments, execution of the upper flat surface 11 is covered with the surface the material, such as carpet, linoleum, vinyl, wood, synthetic wood, ceramic tile, plastic tile, artificial turf, etc. In some embodiments, execution of the upper flat surface 11 is not covered, and the cover is attached after installation of flat panels.

In some embodiments, perform one or more facing up the stairs 14 include secondary razzenkovannye hole 16 for receiving anchor, such as a screw or pin 40 without interfering with the action of the dock. As shown in Fig. 8A, the screw or pin 40 can hold the polymer panels 100/102 on the black floor or ground.

Additionally, in some embodiments, performing in the bottom structure of panel 10 is cut or shaped groove 50 for the wires to ensure the passage of the wires between the panels 10 and subfloor (not illustrated).

Cast one-piece rigid body with a lattice structure 25 is made of cast polymers with fillers or no fillers or any other suitable material, including rubber, recycled rubber, or any retinopathy material. The polymers can include polypropylene, construction peloritani or other commercially available polyolefins. Rubber may include construction foam and processed recycled tires in a binder agent

In Fig. 2 and 3 shows two adjacent polymeric panel 10 according to Fig. 1 before coupling (see Fig. 2) and after coupling (see Fig. 3). Panel 100/102 move together, while the concave recess 18 will not come into engagement with the convex protrusions 24.

In some embodiments, performing for more stability in the secondary razzenkovannye hole 16 under one or both of the grooves 18 is inserted a screw or pin 40.

In Fig. 4 shows two adjacent polymer panels 100/102 according to Fig. 2 before coupling, and Fig. 5 - after docking. In this embodiment, the panel 100/102 mate with edge panels 106 and corner panels 104. The regional panel 106 and corner panels 104 are flat or smooth face outward edge and the same mechanism of coupling, that and polymer panels 100/102. Panel 100/102, 104/106 move together, while the concave recess 18 will not come into engagement with the convex protrusions 24.

In Fig. 6 shows two adjacent polymer panels 100/102 according to Fig. 1, docked with having a round edge guard panels 114/116. Curb panel 114/116 in this embodiment, a straight edge (116) or curved edge (114), which narrowed from two polymeric panels 100/102 to reduce the risk of tripping on a sharp edge. In this embodiment, there are side parts 116, which have the same docking mechanism that polymer panels 100/12, for interfacing directly with the polymer panels 100/102. Corner part 114 mate with the side parts 116 in the same way.

In Fig. 7 shows in an isometric view from the bottom is molded polymeric panel 10 with a rigid lattice structure 25. It is preferable to produce panels with such lattice structure 25, providing strength and durability while minimizing weight and content material. You can also use other lower structures without departing from the inventive concept, including a continuous basis, a honeycomb structure, etc. In some embodiments, execution is provided by the groove 50 for the wires to ensure the passage of wires and cables between the polymer panels 10 and subfloor (not shown). The groove 50 for the wires is near the hole, ensuring the passage of the wires under the grating structure 25 polymer panels 10 without irregularities, bumps or wire damage.

As shown in Fig. 9, 10 and 11, the panel according to the second variant of implementation are connected to each other to form rows of docked panels. In this embodiment, the overhanging ledge 32 protrudes outward from the panel 150 with the formation of a straight edge. Therefore, when communicating with other panels 150/152 connecting edge 154 is direct. In this embodiment, the hanging ledge 2 passes through the entire length of the downward step 22. Each panel 150 is facing up steps 14 and facing down the steps 22. At least one downward step 22 contains a downward convex protrusion 24 on the bottom surface 22. At least one facing up step 14 contains a mating concave recess 18 on its upper surface, as shown in Fig. 11. Overhanging ledge 32, as shown in Fig. 11, passes out to about the same point that is facing up step 14. Adjacent panels 150/152 move together, while facing down the steps 22 are between facing upward steps 14 and overhanging ledge 32, through which the convex protrusions 24 are engaged with the concave grooves 18. In Fig. 10 shows two docked panel 150/152. The docking mechanism, comprising the steps cavity, the convex protrusions and concave paired notches, helps maintain a smooth planar alignment of adjacent panels to each other in addition to tight mechanical connection.

Panel 150/152 is possible to uncouple through their stretching from each other. In a preferred embodiment, the upper flat surface 11 of the panel 150 is molded in the form of a rigid one-piece body with a lattice structure 25 shown in Fig. 7.

In versions of the panels, which have more than one pair of steps, preferably performed is Ă¼ panel 150, as shown in the figures, with external stairs 14/22 having mating convex protrusions 24 and the concave conjugate of the recess 18. In some embodiments, execution, where the panel is less than sufficient only a couple of steps 14/22. In some embodiments, execution, where the panel is more, there are several pairs of stairs 14/22, and more than one pair of stairs includes mating convex protrusions 24 and the concave conjugate of the recess 18.

Like in the previous versions of the cast one-piece rigid body with a lattice structure 25 is made of molded polymers with fillers or no fillers or any other suitable material, including rubber, recycled rubber or retinopathy material. The polymers can include polypropylene, construction peloritani or other commercially available polyolefins. Rubber may include construction foam and processed recycled tires in a binder agent.

In Fig. 12 shows four polymer panels 100/102/108/109 according to Fig. 1, docked with each other with shown in Fig. 10 and 11 method.

In Fig. 13 shows four adjacent polymer panels 120/122/128/129 with curved outer edges, docked with each other as stated above. These panels 120/122/128/129 or made with a smooth or curved outwardly the burnt edges, or cut to shape during installation.

In Fig. 14 shows four adjacent polymer panels 120/122/128/129 with curved outer edges, docked with each other as stated above, enclosed in a border 130. Curb 130 is, for example, cast by a border having a shape corresponding to the contour of the outer curved edges of the panels 120/122/128/129 or zone of sand, earth or concrete, which is made around the panels 120/122/128/129 decoration of the interior courtyard.

In Fig. 15A shows the basic mechanism of the coupling according to Fig. 1 with the polymer panels 101/141/143, specially made for the education of the sidewalk. These panels 101/141/143 have a docking mechanism according to this invention on one side or on two opposite sides and have a smooth straight or curved edges on the remaining sides. You can have multiple panels 101/141/143 to create pathways or sidewalks of various lengths and configurations.

In Fig. 15V shows the basic mechanism of the coupling according to Fig. 9 with the polymer panels 151/161/163, specially made for the education of the sidewalk with straight connecting lines. These panels 151/161/163 have a docking mechanism according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention (see Fig. 9) on one or on two opposite sides and have a smooth straight or curved edge on the rest of the article is the parties. You can have multiple panels 151/161/163 to create pathways or sidewalks of various lengths and configurations.

In Fig. 16A shows a panel 101/141/143 according to Fig. 15A, docked together at their edges.

In Fig. 16B shows the panel 151/161/163 according to Fig. 15V, docked together at their edges.

In Fig. 17 shows a polymeric panels according to Fig. 9, with decorative top 170 under a brick. Panel according to this invention can be applied with a flat surface, with a decorative surface, as shown in Fig. 17, or covering surface, such as carpet, linoleum, vinyl, wood, synthetic wood, tile or artificial turf. In Fig. 17 shows the top side of the brick that is an example of the many different decorative designs that are possible in this invention. You can also attach a brick facade and a liquid solution at the top of the panel with a clean, flat surface to achieve the same appearance and shape with the feel of a real brick.

In Fig. 18 illustrates multiple polymeric panels 170 according to Fig. 17 together with end plugs 172/174, with decorative cast top under a brick and ready for docking. End caps 172/174 have the same system dock.

In Fig. 19 shows multiple polymeric panels 170 according to Fig. 17 together with end plugs 172/174,docked together with the formation of the inner courtyard or deck.

In Fig. 20 shows a polymeric panel according to Fig. 9 safe top with molded protrusions 182, upward from the upper surface. Protective protrusions 182 is molded with the panel 180 or molded separately and attached to the upper surface of the panel during manufacture or installation. If the protective surface is molded on the upper surface of the panel 180, the panel and/or safe surface is preferably molded from a non-slip material such as rubber or similar rubber material. In some embodiments, execution provides drainage holes 184 to reduce the accumulation of rain water.

In Fig. 21 shows the four docked polymeric panels according to Fig. 20 with cast lugs 182, directed upwards. As shown in Fig. 4, when multiple panels 180 form a secure surface in the area where the chance of rain or irrigation, it is not mandatory drainage holes 184 help to prevent accumulation of water.

In one embodiment, the docked panel 10 with synthetic grass can be used on sled sites or training courses. The configuration of docked panels 10 may have a longitudinal, square, rectangular, or other geometric shape, and can be used outside over grass, earth or sand, or inside on top of the be who she is, ice or plywood as a substrate, or as a substitute for concrete or wooden base. Docked panels 10 can be covered commercially available surfaces, such as athletic flooring tiles SPORT COURTâ„¢, flooring hardwood, flooring, synthetic wood, carpet or linoleum, which is easy to install on top of docked panels can be removed and re-assemble in other places.

In the above description contains special structural details of the application of the invention. However, experts in the art can make modifications without departing from the idea and scope of the inventive concept of this dockable panel. The invention is not limited to this specific structure and includes such modifications, which are essentially equivalent to the elements of joined panels with surface treatment or without it.

Equivalent elements can be substituted for the above elements, which perform essentially the same function to achieve essentially the same result.

You can put that on the basis of the above description clear the system and method according to the invention and many of their advantages. You can also assume that the apparent ability to perform the various changes in the form, construction and arrangement of the components of the aircraft is out of the scope and idea of the invention or the loss of all of its benefits. The above form is only an example and illustration. The accompanying claims shall encompass and include such changes. For example, throughout the description of the convex lug is located on the bottom surface facing down stairs, and concave notch is at the top facing up the stairs, however, the invention works equally well with a convex protrusion located on the top facing up the stairs, and a concave recess located on the bottom surface facing down the stairs.

1. The system is docked floor, containing:
the multiple polymeric panels, cast in the form of a one-piece body having a flat upper surface and a lattice structure supporting the top surface, and the lot abutting the side surfaces;
each abutting side surface is facing up and down stairs, with at least one downward step has a convex protrusion on the bottom surface, and at least one facing up step has a concave mating recess on the upper surface;
overhanging ledge, formed as a continuation of the flat upper surface, which forms a cavity between the overhanging ledge and the top surface facing up stairs;
hanging ledge formed by the top surface facing down the steps to enable the occurrence of facing down the steps of the first panel inside the cavity of the second panel;
while the steps of the side surfaces of the first panel joined with complementary steps of the second panel held in place by means of a convex ridges and concave conjugate of fill.

2. Docked base according to claim 1, in which facing up and down stairs alternating along several abutting side surfaces.

3. Docked base according to claim 1, in which the flat upper surface is covered with a surface material and surface material selected from the group consisting of carpet, linoleum, vinyl, wood, synthetic wood, ceramic tiles, plastic tiles, and artificial turf.

4. Docked base according to claim 1, in which at least one side of the panel is flat.

5. Docked base according to claim 1, in which at least one side of the panel is curved.

6. Docked base according to claim 1, in which at least one concave coupling recess further comprises razzenkovannye hole for receiving anchor fastening means.

7. Docked floor, containing:
the multiple polymeric panels, cast in the form of a solid body flat top surface and a grid structure supporting the top surface, and lots abutting side surfaces;
each abutting side surface which is facing up and down stairs, in this case, at least one of facing down the stairs has the facility to dock on the bottom surface and at least one of facing up steps has an associated means for docking on the top surface;
overhanging ledge, passing from the flat upper surface and forming a cavity between the overhanging ledge and the top surface facing up stairs;
hanging ledge formed in the upper surface facing down the steps to enable the occurrence of facing down the steps of the first panel inside the cavity of the second panel;
the side surface of the first panel joined with complementary steps of the second panel.

8. Docked base according to claim 7, in which facing up and down stairs alternating along several abutting side surfaces.

9. Docked base according to claim 7, in which the flat upper surface is covered with a surface material and surface material selected from the group consisting of carpet, linoleum, vinyl, wood, synthetic wood, ceramic tiles, plastic tiles, and artificial turf.

10. Docked base according to claim 7, in which at least one side of the panel is flat.

11. Docked base according to claim 7, in which at least one side of the panel are the two which is curved.

12. Docked base according to claim 7 in which the means for joining is a convex protrusion and mating means for mating is concave recess.

13. System floor covering that contains:
many detachable molded polymeric panels having each at least one downward step and at least one facing up the step in the side surface, a flat top surface and lattice structure supporting the top surface;
in this case, at least one of the facing down stairs has a convex protrusion on the bottom surface and at least one of facing up stairs has a concave mating recess on the upper surface;
overhanging ledge, formed as a continuation of the flat upper surface forming a cavity between the overhanging ledge and the top surface facing up stairs;
hanging ledge formed in the upper surface facing down stairs, allowing dense occurrences of facing down the steps of the first panel inside the cavity of the second panel;
while the steps of the side surfaces of the first panel joined with complementary steps of the second panel.

14. Docked on the basis of item 13, which is turned up and down stairs alternating along several joint is controlled lateral surfaces.

15. Docked on the basis of item 13, in which the flat upper surface is covered with a surface material and a surface material selected from the group consisting of carpet, linoleum, vinyl, wood, synthetic wood, ceramic tiles, plastic tiles, and artificial turf.

16. Docked on the basis of item 13, in which at least one side of the panel is flat.

17. Docked on the basis of item 13, in which at least one side of the panel is curved.

18. Docked on the basis of item 13, in which at least one concave coupling recess further comprises razzenkovannye hole for receiving anchor fastening means.

19. Docked on the basis of item 13, in which the flat top surface is molded to simulate the shape of the material of the road surface.

20. Docked on the basis of item 13, in which the material of the road surface is brick.



 

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FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of construction, in particular, to joined systems of floor from polymer panels. Multiple polymer panels cast in the form of rigid solid, having flat upper surface and lower grating structure, joined mechanically together along side edges. Each side edge has steps that alternate, facing up and down, with concave slots on one surface and joined convex ledges on the other surface for reliable joining of adjacent panels to each other. Steps of adjacent panels are joined to each other to form full floor system. Multiple polymer panels may be cast to imitate materials of floor coating, such as brick, or coated with pieces of linoleum, carpet, synthetic grass, tile or wooden coating of floor. As an alternative solution, assembled panels may be coated with sheet of decorative material.

EFFECT: simplified assembly of floor.

20 cl, 21 dwg

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