Compositions containing fluoro-substituted olefins

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to compositions of a cooling agent or liquid heat carrier, which contain: approximately 1-99 wt % HFC-1234yf, approximately 99-1 wt % ammonia. The invention also relates to methods of producing heat, coldness, replacing cooling agent with large value of GWP using said composition, as well as a method of using said composition as a liquid heat carrier.

EFFECT: disclosed composition can be used as heat carrier.

7 cl, 6 ex, 14 tbl

 

The level of technology

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to compositions intended for use in cooling systems, air conditioning and reverse heat engines, the composition includes a fluorinated olefin and at least one other component. The compositions of the present invention suitable for cold or heat, suitable as liquid coolants, foaming agents, propellants for aerosols and means of fire suppression and fire extinguishing systems.

Description of the prior art,

The efforts of industry production of cold in the last few decades aimed at finding refrigerants to replace impoverish the ozone layer of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), the use of which is gradually reduced in accordance with the Montreal Protocol. The solution to this problem for many manufacturers of refrigerants became commercialization ftoruglevodorodnyh (HFC) refrigerants. New HFC refrigerants, of which the best use of currently received HFC-134a, have zero ability to depletion of the ozone layer, and therefore were not subject to ongoing adjustable with the gradual removal of these substances from circulation in the CE is under the Montreal Protocol.

The release of the new regulations in the field of environmental protection may, eventually, lead to a gradual reduction in the use of some of HFC refrigerants. Now for the automotive industry released new regulations for refrigerants used for air conditioning in vehicles that pertain to their global warming potential. Thus, in the present time of great need for the development of new refrigerants with lower global warming potential, with the purpose of use on the market of air conditioning systems in cars. If in the future, these resolutions will receive more widespread, there will be significant a great need for refrigerants that can be used in all areas of industry and cold air-conditioning.

The current refrigerants to replace HFC-134a include HFC-152a, pure hydrocarbons, such as butane or propane, or “natural” refrigerants, such as CO2. Many of these proposed replacement of toxic substances, flammable and/or have low energy efficiency. Therefore, new alternative refrigerants.

The object of the present invention are new compositions of refrigerants and composition of the liquid Teflon the bearers, with unique properties that allow them to meet the requirements for low or zero depletion potential ozone depletion and low global warming potential compared to currently used refrigerants.

The invention

The present invention relates to a composition comprising HFC-1225ye and NH3.

In addition, the present invention relates to a composition comprising HFC-1234ze and NH3.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention relates to compositions containing at least one fluoro-substituted olefin. In addition, the compositions of the present invention include at least one additional component, which can be a second fluoro-substituted-olefins, fluorinated hydrocarbons (HFC), hydrocarbons, dimethyl ether, bis(trifluoromethyl)sulfide, CF3I or CO2. Fluoro-substituted olefin compounds and other components of the compositions of the present invention are shown in Table 1.

Table 1
ConnectionChemical nameChemical formula
HFC-1225ye 1,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropaneCF3CF=CHF
HFC-1234ze1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropeneCF3CH=CHF
HFC-1234yf2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropeneCF3CF=CH2
HFC-1234ye1,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropeneCHF2CF=CHF
HFC-1243zf3,3,3-cryptochromeCF3CH=CH2
HFC-32deformityCH2F2
HFC-125pentaverateCF3CHF2
HFC-1341,1,2,2-TetrafluoroethaneCHF2CHF2
HFC-134a1,1,1,2-TetrafluoroethaneCH2FCF3
HFC-143a1,1,1-trifluoroethaneCH3CF3
HFC-152a1,1-defloratedCHF2CH3
HFC-161floridanCH3CH2F
HFC-227ea1,1,1,2,3,3,3-HeptafluoropropaneCF3CHFCF3
HFC-236ea1,1,1,2,3,3-hexaferriteCF3CHFCHF2
HFC-236fa1,1,1,3,3,3-freon - CF3CH2CF3
HFC-245fa1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropaneCF3CH2CHF2
HFC-365mfc1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutaneCF3CH2CH2CHF2
propaneCF3CH2CH3
n-butaneCH3CH2CH2CH3
and-BhutanISO-butaneCH3CH(CH3)CH3
2-methylbutaneCH3CH(CH3)CH2CH3
n-pentaneCH3CH2CH2CH2CH3
the cyclopentanecyclo-(CH2)5-
DMEdimethyl etherCH3Och3
CO2carbon dioxideCO2
CF3SCF3bis(trifluoromethyl)sulfideCF3SCF3
idpropertyCF3I
R717ammoniaNH3

The individual components shown in Table 1, can be obtained well-known from the field of engineering methods.

Fluoro-substituted olefinic compounds used in the compositions of the present invention, HFC-1225ye, HFC-1234ze and HFC-1234ye can exist as different configurational isomers or stereoisomers. It should be understood that the present invention includes all the individual configuration isomers, individual stereoisomers, their kombinaciji mixtures thereof. For example, it is assumed that 1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFC-1234ze) is a CIS-isomer, TRANS-isomer, or any combination or mixture of both isomers in any ratio. Another example is HFC-1225ye, which indicates a CIS-isomer, TRANS-isomer, or any combination or mixture of both isomers in any ratio. The compositions of the present invention mainly contain CIS - or Z-isomer of HFC-1225ye.

The compositions of the present invention include the following substances:

HFC-1225ye and at least one compound selected from the group which contains HFC-1234ze, HFC-1234yf, HFC-1234ye, HFC-1243zf, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134, HFC-134a, HFC-143a, HFC-152a, HFC-161, HFC-227ea, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-245fa, HFC-365mfc, propane, n-butane, isobutane, 2-methylbutane, n-pentane, cyclopentane, dimethyl ether, CF3SCF3, CO2, NH3and CF3I;

HFC-1234ze and at least one compound selected from the group which contains HFC-1234yf, HFC-1234ye, HFC-1243zf, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134, HFC-134a, HFC-143a, HFC-152a, HFC-161, HFC-227ea, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-245fa, HFC-365mfc, propane, n-butane, isobutane, 2-methylbutane, n-pentane, cyclopentane, dimethyl ether, CF3SCF3, CO2, NH3and CF3I;

HFC-1234yf and at least one compound selected from the group which contains HFC-1234ye, HFC-1243zf, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134, HFC-134a, HFC-143a, HFC-152a, HFC-161, HFC-227ea, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-245fa, HFC-365mfc, propane, n-butane, isobutane, 2-methylbutane, n-pentane, cyclopentane, timetraveller, CF3SCF3, CO2, NH3and CF3I;

HFC-1243zf and at least one compound selected from the group which contains HFC-1234ye, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134, HFC-134a, HFC-143a, HFC-152a, HFC-161, HFC-227ea, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-245fa, HFC-365mfc, propane, n-butane, isobutane, 2-methylbutane, n-pentane, cyclopentane, dimethyl ether, CF3SCF3, CO2, NH3and CF3I;

HFC-1234ye and at least one compound selected from the group which contains HFC-1243zf, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134, HFC-134a, HFC-143a, HFC-152a, HFC-161, HFC-227ea, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-245fa, HFC-365mfc, propane, n-butane, isobutane, 2-methylbutane, n-pentane, cyclopentane, dimethyl ether, CF3SCF3, CO2, NH3and CF3I.

The compositions of the present invention in General may be suitable, if the fluorinated olefin is present in an amount from about 1% wt. to about 99 wt. -%, preferably from about 20% wt. to about 99 wt. -%, more preferably from about 40% wt. to about 99% of the mass. and even more preferably from 50 wt%. to about 99% of the mass.

In addition, in the present invention claimed compositions are shown in Table 2.

Table 2
ComponentsIntermolecularly (% wt.)
PreferredMore preferredThe most preferred
HFC-1225ye/HFC-321-99/99-130-99/70-190-99/10-1; 95/5/97/3
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a1-99/99-140-99/60-190/10
HFC-1225ye/CO20,1-99,9/99,9-a 0.170-99,7/30-0,399/1
HFC-1225ye/ammoniaof 0.1 to 99.9/0.1 to about 99.940-99,9/0,1-6090/10,85/15,80/ 20, 95/5
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf1-99/99-151-99/49-1 and 60-90/40-1060/40, 51/49
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/HFC-321-98/1-98/1-9850-98/1-40/1-4085/10/5 81/15/4 82/15/3
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/CO21-98/1-98/0,1-9850-98/1-40/0,3-3084/15/1 84/15,5/0,5
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/propane1-98/1-98/1-98 50-98/1-40/1-2085/13/2
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-9850-98/1-40/1-2085/13/2
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/DME1-98/1-98/1-9850-98/1-40/1-2085/13/2
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9820-90/1-50/1-60
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-9840-98/1-50/1-4076/9/15
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-321-98/1-98/1-981-80/1-80/1-8088/9/3
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-1611-98/1-98/1-9840-98/1-50/1-2086/10/4
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/CO21-98/1-98/0,1-9840-98/1-50/0,3-3088,5/11/0,5
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/propane1-98/1-98/1-9840-98/1-50/1-2087/10/3
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-98 40-98/1-50/1-2087/10/3
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/DME1-98/1-98/1-9840-98/1-50/1-2087/10/3
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/HFC-321-98/1-98/1-9840-98/1-50/1-4088/9/3
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134a1-99/99-130-99/70-190/10
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-321-99/99-140-99/60-195/5
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-32/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9820-90/0,1-60/1-70
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-152a1-99/99-140-99/60-180/20
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1251-99/99-130-99/70-1
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a1-99/99-130-99/70-190/10
HFC-1234yf/HFC-321-99/99-140-99/60-195/5
HFC-1234yf/HFC-1250,1-99/99-a 0.152-99/48-1
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a1-99/99-140-99/60-180/20
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-152a/HFC-321-97/1-97/1-97/0,1-9720-97/1-80/1-50/0,1-5074/8/17/1
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a1-98/1-98/0,1-9810-90/10-90/0,1-5070/20/10 and 20/70/10
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-321-98/1-98/0,1-9810-90/5-90/0,1-5025/73/2, 75/23/2, 49/49/2,85/
10/5, 90/5/5
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/CF3I1-97/1-97/0,1-97/1-9710-80/10-80/1-60/1-60
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/0,1-9810-90/10-90/0,1-5070/25/5 and 25/70/5
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-1251-98/1-98/0,1-9810-90/10-90/0,1-5025/71/4, 75/21/4, 75/24/1 and 25/74/1
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/CF3I1-98/1-981-98 9-90/9-90/1-6040/40/20 and 45/45/10
HFC-32/HFC-125/HFC-1225ye0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/5-7030/30/40 and 23/25/52
HFC-32/HFC-125/TRANS-HFC-1234ze0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/5-7030/50/20 and 23/25/52
HFC-32/HFC-125/HFC-1234yf0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/5-7040/50/10, 23/25/52, 15/45/40, and 10/60/30
HFC-32/HFC-134a/HFC-1225ye/CF3I1-97/1-97/1-97/1-971-60/1-60/1-60/1-60
HFC-32/HFC-134a/HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/CF3I1-96/1-96/1-96/1-96/1-961-50/1-50/1-50/1-50/1-50
HFC-32/HFC-125/HFC-134a/HFC-1225ye/CF3I1-96/1-96/1-96/1-96/1-961-50/1-50/1-50/1-50/1-50
HFC-125/HFC-1225ye/n-butane0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/1-2065/32/3 and 85,1/11,5/
3,4
HFC-32/NH3/HFC-1225ye1-98/1-98/1-98 1-60/10-60/10-90
HFC-32/NH3/HFC-1225ye/CF3I1-97/1-97/1-97/1-971-60/1-60/10-80/1-60
HFC-32/NH3/HFC-1234yf/CF3I1-97/1-97/1-97/1-971-60/1-60/10-80/5-80
HFC-125/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/1-2066/32/2 and 86,1/11,5/
2,4
HFC-125/HFC-1234yf/n-butane0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/1-2067/32/1 and 87.1/11,5/
1,4
HFC-125/HFC-1225ye/isobutane0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/1-2085,1/11,5/3,4 and 65/32/3
HFC-1225ye/HFC-125/ammonia0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-9820-98/1-60/0,1-40
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32/HFC-125/ammonia0,1-97/0,1-97/0,1-97/0,1-9720-97/1-60/1-60/0,1-40
HFC-125/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/1-20 86,1/11,5/2.4 66/32/2
HFC-125/HFC-1234yf/isobutane0,1-98/0,1-98/0,1-985-70/5-70/1-20 and about 80 to 98/1-19/1-1087,1/11,5/1.4 and 67/32/1
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/HFC-143a1-50/1-98/1-9815-50/20-80/5-60
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/isobutane1-40/59-98/1-3010-40/59-90/1-10
HFC-1234yf/HFC-125/HFC-143a1-60/1-98/1-9810-60/20-70/20-70
HFC-1234yf/HFC-125/isobutane1-40/59-98/1-2010-40/59-90/1-10
HFC-1234yf/HFC-125/CF3I1-98/0,1-98/1-9810-80/1-60/1-60
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134/propane1-80/1-70/19-9020-80/10-70/19-50
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134/DME1-70/1-98/29-9820-70/10-70/29-50
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/propane1-80/1-80/19-98 10-80/10-80/19-50
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-3010-80/10-80/1-20
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-3010-80/10-80/1-20
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/DME1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/10-80/1-20
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/1-60/1-60
HFC-1234yf/HFC-143a/propane1-80/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-50
HFC-1234yf/HFC-143a/DME1-40/59-98/1-205-40/59-90/1-10
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-3010-80/10-80/1-20
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a/isobutane1-98/1-90/1-4010-80/10-80/1-20
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a/DME1-70/1-98/1-980-70/10-80/1-20
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/1-60/1-60
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea/propane1-80/1-70/29-9810-60/10-60/29-50
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea/n-butane40-98/1-59/1-2050-98/10-49/1-10
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea/isobutane30-98/1-69/1-3050-98/10-49/1-10
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea/DME1-98/1-80/1-9810-80/10-80/1-20
HFC-1234yf/n-butane/DME1-98/1-40/1-9810-80/10-40/1-20
HFC-1234yf/isobutane/DME1-98/1-50/1-9810-90/1-40/1-20
HFC-1234yf/DME/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/1-20/10-80
HFC-1234yf/DME/CF3SCF31-98/1-40/1-98 10-80/1-20/10-70
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1341-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-227ea1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/propane1-60/1-60/39-9810-60/10-60/39-80
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-3010-80/10-80/1-20
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/DME1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/CF3SCF31-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/HFC-1341-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-3010-80/10-80/1-20
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/isobutane 1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/DME1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-50
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/HFC-227ea1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/n-butane1-98/1-90/1-4010-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/isobutane1-98/1-90/1-4010-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/DME1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-227ea/DME40-98/1-59/1-3050-98/1-49/1-20
HFC-1225ye/n-butane/DME 1-98/1-30/1-9860-98/1-20/1-20
HFC-1225ye/n-butane/CF3SCF31-98/1-20/1-9810-80/1-10/10-80
HFC-1225ye/isobutane/DME1-98/1-60/1-9840-90/1-30/1-30
HFC-1225ye/isobutane/CF3I1-98/1-40/1-9810-80/1-30/10-80
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1243zf/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-3010-80/10-80/1-20
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1243zf/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/10-80/1-30
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1243zf/DME1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-40
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-32/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/1-70/1-80
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-50
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134/HFC-227ea1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134/DME1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/10-80/1-30
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134a/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-50
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-152a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-5010-80/10-80/1-30
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-152a/DME1-98/1-98/1-9820-90/1-50/1-30
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-227ea/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/10-80/1-30
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane/DME1-98/1-40/1-9810-90/1-30/1-30
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane/CF3I1-98/1-30/1-9810-80/1-20/10-80
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane/DME1-98/1-60/1-9810-90/1-30/1-30
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane/CF3I1-98/1-40/1-9810-80/1-20/10-80
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane/CF3SCF31-98/1-40/1-9810-80/1-20/10-80
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/HFC-227ea1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/DME1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/10-80
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134a/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/10-80/1-50
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-40 10-80/10-80/1-30
HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a/propane1-70/1-70/29-9810-70/1-50/29-40
HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-3010-80/1-80/1-20
HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/1-80/1-30
HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a/DME1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/1-80/1-30
HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-4010-80/1-80/1-30
HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea/isobutane1-98/1-90/1-5010-80/1-80/1-30
HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea/DME1-98/1-80/1-9010-80/1-80/1-30
HFC-1243zf/n-butane/DME1-98/1-40/1-9810-90/1-30/1-30
HFC-1243zf/isobutane/DME1-98/1-60/1-9810-9/1-30/1-30
HFC-1243zf/isobutane/CF3I1-98/1-40/1-9810-80/1-30/10-80
HFC-1243zf/DME/CF3SCF31-98/1-40/1-9010-80/1-30/10-80
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-985-80/1-70/1-80
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/HFC-1251-97/1-97/1-97/1-971-80/1-70/5-70/5-70
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/HFC-134a1-97/1-97/1-97/1-975-80/5-70/5-70/5-70
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/HFC-125/CF3I1-96/1-96/1-96/1-96/1-961-70/1-60/1-70/1-60/1-60
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32/HFC-125/HFC-152a1-97/1-97/1-97/1-9710-80/5-70/5-70/5-70
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32/HFC-125/isobutane1-97/1-97/1-97/1-975-70/5-70/5-70/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32/HFC-125/Roman 1-97/1-97/1-97/1-505-70/5-70/5-70/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32/HFC-125/DME1-97/1-97/1-97/1-505-70/5-70/5-70/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32/CF3I/DME1-97/1-97/1-97/1-505-70/5-70/5-70/1-30
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32/HFC-125/CF3I1-97/1-97/1-97/1-9710-80/5-70/5-70/1-80
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9810-80/1-70/1-80
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/HFC-134a/CF3I1-97/1-97/1-97/1-975-70/5-80/1-70/5-70
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/HFC-1251-98/1-98/1-9810-80/5-80/10-80
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/HFC-125/CF3I1-97/1-97/1-97/1-9710-80/5-70/10-80/5-80

In General it is expected that the preferred compositions of the present invention, are shown in Table 2, retain rebuena properties and functionality when these components are present with the indicated concentrations of +/- 2% of the mass. It is expected that compositions containing the CO2retain the required properties and functionality when CO2present with the indicated concentrations of +/- 0,2% of the mass.

The compositions of the present invention may be azeotropic compositions or near azeotropic compositions. Under azeotropic composition can understand having a constant boiling point mixture of two or more substances that behaves as an individual substance. One of the features characterizing the azeotropic composition is that the vapor produced by partial evaporation or distillation of the liquid has the same composition as the liquid from which it is secreted by evaporation or distillation, i.e. a mixture of distilled/boils without changing the composition. The composition of the constant boiling point is defined as the azeotrope, because they have either a maximum or minimum boiling point, as compared with the boiling point is not azeotropic mixture of the same compounds. The azeotropic composition is not divided into factions in the cooling system or air conditioning that could reduce the effectiveness of this system. In addition, the azeotropic composition is not divided into factions during the season from the cooling system or air conditioning. In the case when one component of the mixture is a flammable substance, the separation into fractions of the leak could lead to the formation of the combustible composition or within the specified system or outside of the specified system.

Close to the azeotropic composition (often referred to as “azeotropically composition”) is having virtually constant boiling point homogeneous liquid mixture of two or more substances that behaves almost as an individual substance. One of the features that characterize close to the azeotropic composition is that the vapor produced by partial evaporation or distillation of the liquid has almost the same composition as the liquid from which it is secreted by evaporation or distillation, i.e. a mixture of distilled/boils without significant changes in the composition. Another feature that characterizes close to the azeotropic composition is that the vapor pressure at the boiling point and the vapor pressure at the dew point of the composition at a given temperature is almost the same. In the present description, the composition is close to the azeotropic if you remove 50% of the mass. compositions, for example, by evaporation or boiling, the difference in vapor pressure of the original composition and the composition remaining after removal of 50% massangano composition, is less than approximately 10%.

The azeotropic compositions of the present invention for a given temperature is given in Table 3.

Table 3
Component aComponent% mass. And% mass. InPounds per square inchkPaT (°C)
HFC-1234yfHFC-327,492,649,2339-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-12510,9of 89.140,7281-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-134a70,429,618,4127-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-152a91,09,017,9/td> 123-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-143athe 17.382,739,5272-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-227ea84,615,418,0124-25
HFC-1234yfpropane51,548,533,5231-25
HFC-1234yfn-butane98,11,917,9123-25
HFC-1234yfisobutaneat 88.111,919,0131-25
HFC-1234yfDME53,546,513,190
HFC-1225yeTRANS-HFC-1234ze63,037,011,781-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1243zf40,060,013,694-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-13452,247,812,888-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-152a7,3of 92.714,5100-25
HFC-1225yepropane29,770,330,3209-25
HFC-1225yen-butaneto 89.510,512,385-25
HFC-1225ye isobutane79,320,713,996-25
HFC-1225yeDME82,117,910,874-25
HFC-1225yeCF3SCF337,063,012,485-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-1243zfof 17.083,013,090-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-134of 45.754,312,586-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-134a9,590,515,5107-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-152a 21,678,414,6101-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-227ea59,240,811,781-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zepropane28,571,530,3209-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zen-butane88,611,411,982-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeisobutane77,922,112,989-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeDME84,115,910,874-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeCF3SCF3,3,3 65,7a 12.788-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-13463,037,013,593-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-134a25,174,915,9110-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-152a40,759,315,2104-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-227ea78,5a 21.513,190-25
HFC-1243zfpropane32,867,231,0213-25
HFC-1243zfn-butane90,3the 9.7135 93-25
HFC-1243zfisobutane80,719,314,398-25
HFC-1243zfDME72,727,3to 12.083-25
CIS-HFC-1234zeHFC-236ea20,979,130,320925
CIS-HFC-1234zeHFC-245fa76,223,826,118025
CIS-HFC-1234zen-butane51,448,6between 6.0842-25
CIS-HFC-1234zeisobutane26,273,8a total of 8.7460 -25
CIS-HFC-1234ze2-methylbutane86,6the 13.427,218825
CIS-HFC-1234zen-pentane92,97,126,218125
HFC-1234yeHFC-236ea24,076,03,3523,1-25
HFC-1234yeHFC-245fa42,5of 57.522,815725
HFC-1234yen-butane41,258,838,026225
HFC-1234yeisobutane16,483,650,935125
HFC-1234ye2-methylbutane80,319,723,115925
HFC-1234yen-pentane87,712,321,815025

In addition, were detected ternary azeotropic compositions are given in Table 4.

Table 4
Component
And
Component
In
Component
With
wt. -%
And
wt. -%
In
wt. -%
With
Pressure (psig)Pressure (kPa)Pace-temperature
(C)
HFC-1234yfHFC-32HFC-143aa 3.974,321,850,02345 -25
HFC-1234yfHFC-32isobutane1,1to 92.16,850,05345-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-125HFC-143a14.4V43,542,138,62266-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-125isobutanethe 9.7of 89.11,240,81281-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-134propane4,339,156,734,30236-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-134DME15,267,017,810,38 71,6-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-134apropane24,531,144,534,01234-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-134an-butane60,335,24,518,58128-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-134aisobutane48,637,214,319,86137-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-134aDME24,067,98,117,21119-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-143apropane17,771,011,3 40,42279-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-143aDMEthe 5.793,01,339,08269-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-152an-butane86,610,82,717,97124-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-152aisobutane75,311,812,919,12132-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-152aDME24,643,332,111,7881,2-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-227eapropane35,617,8 46,733,84233-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-227ean-butane81,916,02,118,07125-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-227eaisobutaneto 70.218,2the 11.619,27133-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-227eaDME28,355,616,115,02104-25
HFC-1234yfn-butaneDME48,94,646,413,1590,7-25
HFC-1234yfisobutaneDME31,2 26,242,614,19of 97.8-25
HFC-1234yfDMECF3I16,310,073,715,65108-25
HFC-1234yfDMECF3SCF334,310,555,2of 14.57100-25
HFC-1225yeTRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-13447,45,647,012,7788,0-25

td align="left"> TRANS-HFC-1234ze
HFC-1225yeTRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-227ea28,452,619,011,63an 80.2-25
HFC-1225yepropane20,99,170,030,36209-25
HFC-1225yeTRANS-HFC-1234zen-butane65,824,1the 10.1KZT 12.3985,4-25
HFC-1225yeTRANS-HFC-1234zeDME41,040,118,910,9875,7-25
HFC-1225yeTRANS-HFC-1234zeCF3SCF31,033,765,212,66of 87.3-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1243zfHFC-13428,747,324,113,8095,1 -25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1243zfn-butane37,555,07,513,9596,2-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1243zfisobutane40,543,216,314,83102-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1243zfDME19,151,029,912,15is 83.8-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1243zfCF3I10,327,362,314,0596,9-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-134HFC-152a63,626,89,612,38 85,4-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-134HFC-227ea1,352,346,412,3284,9-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-134n-butane18,167,114,914,54100-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-134isobutane0,774,0to 25.316,68115-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-134DME29,852,517,89,7867,4-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-227eaDME63,131,05,8 of 10.9375,4-25
HFC-1225yen-butaneDME66,013,021,111,3478,2-25
HFC-1225yen-butaneCF3SCF371,35,623,012,2584,5-25
HFC-1225yeisobutaneDMEto 49.929,720,412,8388,5-25
HFC-1225yeisobutaneCF3I27,72,270,113,1990,9-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-1243zfHFC-227ea7,1 73,719,213,1190,4-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-1243zfn-butane9,581,29,313,4892,9-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-1243zfisobutane3,377,619,114,2698,3-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-1243zfDME2,670,027,4a 12.0382,9-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-134HFC-152a52,042,95,112,3785,3-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-134 HFC-227ea30,043,226,812,6186,9-25

TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-134DME27,754,717,79,7667,3-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-134aHFC-152a14.4V34,751,014,4299,4-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-152an-butaneof 5.480,514,115,41106-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-152aDME59,116,424,510,8074,5 -25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-227ean-butane40,148,511,312,6186,9-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zen-butaneDME68,113,018,911,2977,8-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zen-butaneCF3I81,2the 9.79,111.87 per81,8-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeisobutaneDME55,528,715,812,3885,4-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeisobutaneCF3I34,96,19,0 12,5786,7-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeisobutaneCF3SCF337,71,161,712,66of 87.3-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-134HFC-227ea58,634,17,313,54for 93.4-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-134n-butane27,558,713,914,72101-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-134DME18,763,517,810,1169,7-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-134CF3I1,4 23,964,7accounted for 14.4599,6-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-134aHFC-152a41,5a 21.537,114,95103-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-134an-butane7,081,4the 11.617,03117-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-152apropane2,934,063,031,73219-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-152an-butane28,860,311,015,71108-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-152a isobutane6,268,5to 25.317,05118-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-152aDME33,136,830,111,4178,7-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-227ean-butane62,028,49,613,6794,3-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-227eaisobutane27,951,021,115,00103-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-227eaDME48,144,87,212,78at 88.1-25
HFC-1243zf n-butaneDME60,3the 10.129,6to 12.2884,7-25
HFC-1243zfisobutaneDME47,126,925,913,1690,7-25
HFC-1243zfisobutaneCF3I32,81,166,113,9796,3-25
HFC-1243zfDMECF3SCF341,12,356,613,6093,8-25

Close to the azeotropic composition of the present invention, when a specific temperature is given in Table 5.

HFC-1225ye
Table 5
Component a Component(% of the mass. A/% wt. In)T (°C)
HFC-1234yfHFC-321-57/99-43-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-1251-51/99-49-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-1341-99/99-1-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-134a1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-152a1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-1611-99/99-1-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-143a1-60/99-40-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-227ea29-99/71-1-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-236fa66-99/34-1-25
HFC-1234yf1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1234yfTRANS-HFC-1234ze1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1234yfHFC-1243zf1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1234yfpropane1-80/99-20-25
HFC-1234yfn-butane71-99/29-1-25
HFC-1234yfisobutane60-99/40-1-25
HFC-1234yfDME1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225yeTRANS-HFC-1234ze1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1243zf1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1341-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225ye HFC-134a1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-152a1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-1611-84/99-16, 90-99/10-1-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-227ea1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-236ea57-99/43-1-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-236fa48-99/52-1-25
HFC-1225yeHFC-245fa70-99/30-1-25
HFC-1225yepropane1-72/99-28-25
HFC-1225yen-butane65-99/35-1-25
HFC-1225yeisobutane50-99/50-1-25
HFC-1225ye DME1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225yeCF3I1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1225yeCF3SCF31-99/99-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeCIS-HFC-1234ze73-99/27-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-1243zf1-99/99-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-1341-99/99-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-134a1-99/99-1-25

isobutane
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-152a1-99/99-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-1611-52/99-48, 87-99/13-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-227ea-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-236ea54-99/46-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-236fa44-99/56-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeHFC-245fa67-99/33-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zepropane1-71/99-29-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zen-butane62-99/38-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeisobutane39-99/61-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeDME1-99/99-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeCF3SCF31-99/99-1-25
TRANS-HFC-1234zeCF3I1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-1341-99/99-1-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-134a1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-152a1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-1611-99/99-1-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-227ea1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-236ea53-99/47-1-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-236fa49-99/51-1-25
HFC-1243zfHFC-245fa66-99/34-1-25
HFC-1243zfpropane1-71/99-29-25
HFC-1243zfn-butane62-99/38-1-25
HFC-1243zf45-99/55-1-25
HFC-1243zfDME1-99/99-1-25
CIS-HFC-1234zeHFC-236ea1-99/99-125
CIS-HFC-1234zeHFC-236fa1-99/99-125
CIS-HFC-1234zeHFC-245fa1-99/99-125
CIS-HFC-1234zen-butane1-80/99-20-25
CIS-HFC-1234zeisobutane1-69/99-31-25
CIS-HFC-1234ze2-methylbutane60-99/40-125
CIS-HFC-1234zen-pentane63-99/37-125
HFC-1234yeHFC-13438-99/62-125
FC-1234ye HFC-236ea1-99/99-1-25
HFC-1234yeHFC-236fa1-99/99-125
HFC-1234yeHFC-245fa1-99/99-125
HFC-1234yeCIS-HFC-1234ze1-99/99-125
HFC-1234yen-butane1-78/99-2225
HFC-1234yethe cyclopentane70-99/30-125
HFC-1234yeisobutane1-68/99-3225
HFC-1234ye2-methylbutane47-99/53-125
HFC-1234yen-pentane57-99/43-125

Were also found close to the azeotropic ternary mixtures and blends of the highest order, containing fluorinated olefins, which shows the Table 6.

Table 6
ComponentsThe range of existence of near-azeotropic compositions (% wt.)Temperature (°C)
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-9825
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-1611-98/1-98/1-9825
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-4025
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/DME1-98/1-98/1-2025
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-5025
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/DME1-98/1-98/1-9825
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a1-98/1-98/1-9825
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-9825
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-1251-98/1-98/1-2025
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-9825
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-152a/HFC-321-97/1-97/1-97/1-1025
HFC-125/HFC-1225ye/isobutaneAbout 80 to 98/1-19/1-1025
HFC-125/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutaneAbout 80 to 98/1-19/1-1025
HFC-125/HFC-1234yf/isobutaneAbout 80 to 98/1-19/1-1025
HFC-32/HFC-125/HFC-1225ye1-98/1-98/1-425
HFC-32/HFC-125/TRANS-HFC-1234ze1-98/1-98/1-5025
HFC-32/HFC-125/HFC-1234yf1-98/1-98/1-5525
HFC-125/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butaneAbout 80 to 98/1-19/1-1025
HFC-125/HFC-1234yf/n-butaneAbout 80 to 98/1-19/1-1025
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/HFC-143a1-50/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32/isobutane1-4059-98/1-30 -25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-125/HFC-143a1-60/1-98/1-98-25

HFC-1234yf/HFC-125/isobutane1-40/59-98/1-20-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134/propane1-80/1-70/19-90-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134/DME1-70/1-98/29-98-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/propane1-80/1-80/19-98-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-30-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-30-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a/DME1-98/1-98/1-40-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-143a/propane1-80/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-143a/DME1-40/59-98/1-20-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-30 -25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a/isobutane1-98/1-90/1-40-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a/DME1-70/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea/propane1-80/1-70/29-98-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea/n-butane40-98/1-59/1-20-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea/isobutane30-98/1-69/1-30-25
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea/DME1-98/1-80/1-98-25
HFC-1234yf/n-butane/DME1-98/1-40/1-98-25
HFC-1234yf/isobutane/DME1-98/1-50/1-98-25
HFC-1234yf/DME/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1234yf/DME/CF3SCF31-98/1-40/1-80-25
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1341-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-227ea 1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/propane1-60/1-60/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-30-25
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/DME1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/CF3SCF31-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/HFC-1341-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-30-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-40-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/DME1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/HFC-227ea1-98/-98/1-98 -25

-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/n-butane1-98/1-90/1-40-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/isobutane1-98/1-90/1-40-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134/DME1-98/1-98/1-40-25
HFC-1225ye/HFC-227ea/DME40-98/1-59/1-30-25
HFC-1225ye/n-butane/DME1-98/1-30/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/n-butane/CF3SCF31-98/1-20/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/isobutane/DME1-98/1-60/1-98-25
HFC-1225ye/isobutane/CF3I1-98/1-40/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea1-98/1-98/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1243zf/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-30-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1243zf/isobutane 1-98/1-98/1-40-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-1243zf/DME1-98/1-98/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134/HFC-227ea1-98/1-98/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134/DME1-98/1-98/1-40-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-134a/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-152a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-50-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-152a/DME1-98/1-98/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-227ea/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-40-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane/DME1-98/1-40/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane/CF3I1-98/1-30/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane/DME1-98/1-60/1-98
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane/CF3I1-98/1-40/1-98-25
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane/CF3SCF31-98/1-40/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/HFC-227ea1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-40-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/DME1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/CF3I1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134a/HFC-152a1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-40-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a/propane1-70/1-70/29-98-25

HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-30-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a/isobutane1-98/1-98/1-40 -25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a/DME1-98/1-98/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea/n-butane1-98/1-98/1-40-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea/isobutane1-98/1-90/1-50-25
HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea/DME1-98/1-80/1-90-25
HFC-1243zf/n-butane/DME1-98/1-40/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/isobutane/DME1-98/1-60/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/isobutane/CF3I1-98/1-40/1-98-25
HFC-1243zf/DME/CF3SCF31-98/1-40/1-90-25

Some compositions of the present invention are non-azeotrope blends of the composition. Those of the compositions of the present invention that fall within the preferred range specified in Table 2, but are beyond the limits given in Table 5 and Table 6 for near-azeotrope compositions may be considered as non-azeotrope blends composition.

Not aseat opinie composition may have some advantages over azeotropic mixtures and close to the azeotropic mixtures. Non-azeotrope blends composition is a mixture of two or more substances that behaves more like a mixture, and not as an individual substance. One of the features characterizing the non-azeotrope blends composition is that the vapor produced by partial evaporation or distillation of the liquid has a substantially different composition than the liquid from which it is released during the evaporation or distillation, i.e. a mixture of distilled/boils in a wide range of compositions. Another feature characterizing the non-azeotrope blends composition is that the vapor pressure at the boiling point and the vapor pressure at the dew point of the composition at a particular temperature are significantly different. In the present description, the composition is non-azeotrope blends, if after removing 50% of the mass. compositions, for example, by evaporation or boiling, the difference in vapor pressure of the original composition and the composition remaining after removal of 50% of the mass. the original composition is greater than approximately 10%.

The compositions of the present invention can be obtained by any convenient means, used for combining the desired amounts of the individual components. The preferred method is to weigh the required quantities of components with the subsequent unification of the components in a suitable suck the E. If you want, you can apply the mixing.

An alternative method of preparation of the compositions of the present invention may be a method of preparation of the mixed composition of the refrigerant, where this mixed composition of the refrigerant is a given in this description of the composition, and the method includes (i) the use of any amount of one or more components of the composition of the refrigerant entering at least one container for the refrigerant, (ii) efficient removal of impurities, so that it was possible to re-apply the specified component or several components (iii) and do not necessarily merge all or part of the specified amount of used components, at least one additional composition of the refrigerant or component.

A container for refrigerant may be any container that stores the mixed composition of the refrigerant used in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine. The specified container for the refrigerant may be a refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat machine, which uses a mixture of refrigerants. In addition, the container for the refrigerant may be present is a container for storing, which assembles the components used in the mixed composition of the refrigerant, including, but not limited to, the container may be a cylinder with a pressurized gas.

The residual refrigerant means any amount of a mixture of refrigerants or components of a mixture of refrigerants that can be extracted from the container for a refrigerant in any way known to transfer refrigerant blends or components of a mixture of refrigerants.

Impurities can be any component that is contained in the mixture of refrigerants or component mixture of refrigerants, because it is used in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine. Such impurities include, but not limited to, cooling lubricants, which are listed previously in the present description, the particles, including, but not limited to, metal particles, metal salt or particles of elastomer, which can get out of the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse heat engine, and any other contaminants that may adversely affect the performance characteristics of a mixed composition of refrigerants.

Such impurities can be sufficiently removed, so that it can re-promenadgatan mixture of refrigerants or component mixture of refrigerants thus, that they do not adversely affect performance or equipment, which will use a mixture of refrigerants or component mixture of refrigerants.

You may need to add an additional mixture of refrigerants or component mixture of refrigerants to the residual mixture of refrigerants or to a component of a mixture of refrigerants in order to obtain a composition that meets the technical requirements for this product. For example, if a mixture of refrigerants contains 3 components in a specific mass range of interest, it may be necessary to add one or more components in a certain amount in order to bring the composition within the given specification limits.

The compositions of the present invention have a zero depletion potential ozone depletion and low global warming potential (GWP). In addition, the compositions of the present invention have global warming potentials that are less than many ftoruglevodorodnyh refrigerants currently in use. One aspect of the present invention is the refrigerant global warming potential which is less than 1000, less than 500, less than 150, less than 100 or less than 50. Another aspect of the present invention is the reduced total GWP refrigerant blends by adding fluorinated olefins in the compounds.

The compositions of the present invention may be suitable as substitutes for having a low global warming potential, to replace the currently used refrigerants, including, but not limited to, such refrigerants like R134a (or HFC-134a, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane), R22 (or HFC-22, Chlorodifluoromethane), R123 (or HFC-123, 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane), R11 (CFC-11, ferrichloride), R12 (CFC-12, DICHLORODIFLUOROMETHANE), R245fa (or HFC-245fa, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane), R114 (or CFC-114, 1,2-dichloro-1,1,2,2-Tetrafluoroethane), R236fa (or HFC-236fa, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexaferrite), R124 (or HCFC-124, 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane), CS (adopted in ASHRAE designation for a mixture containing 52% of the mass. R134a, 25% of the mass. R125 (pendaftaran) and 23% of the mass. R32 (deformity), R410A (adopted in ASHRAE designation for a mixture containing 50 wt%. R125 and 50 wt%. R32), R417A (adopted in ASHRAE designation for a mixture containing 46.6% of the mass. R125, 50,0% of the mass. R134a and 3.4% of the mass. n-butane), R422A, R422B, R422C and R422D (adopted in ASHRAE designation for a mixture containing a mixture of 85.1% of the mass. R125, 11,5% of the mass. 134a and 3.4% of the mass. isobutane), R404A, (adopted in ASHRAE designation for a mixture containing 44% of the mass. R125, 52% of the mass. R143a (1,1,1-trifluoroethane) and 4.0% of the mass. R134a and R507A (adopted in ASHRAE designation for a mixture containing 50 wt%. R125 and 50 wt%. R143a). In addition, the compositions of the present invention may be suitable as a replacement for R12 (CFC-12, DICHLORODIFLUOROMETHANE) or for R502 (adopted in ASHRAE designation is giving to the mixture, containing 51,2% of the mass. CFC-115 (CHLOROPENTAFLUOROETHANE) and 48,8% of the mass. HCFC-22).

Often offered on replacement refrigerants most suitable if they can be used in the original refrigeration equipment, which is designed for a different refrigerant. The compositions of the present invention may be suitable as a replacement for the above refrigerants in the original equipment. In addition, the compositions of the present invention may be suitable as a replacement for the above refrigerants in equipment that is designed for use above refrigerants.

The compositions of the present invention can additionally contain a lubricant. The lubricants of the present invention are cooling lubricants, i.e. such lubricants that are suitable for use in a refrigerating machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine. Examples of such lubricants are those that are commonly used in compression refrigeration plants using harperperennial refrigerants. Such lubricants and their properties is provided in Chapter 8 of the textbook 1990 ASHRAE Handbook, Refrigeration Systems and Applications, which is called “Lubricants in refrigeration systems”, pages 8.1 to 8.21. The lubricants of the present invention can be lubricant is, which in the field of cutting tools for compression cooling is usually referred to as “mineral oils”. Mineral oils are paraffin (i.e. saturated hydrocarbons with straight or branched carbon chain), naphthenes (i.e. cyclic paraffins and aromatic substances (i.e. unsaturated, cyclic hydrocarbons containing one or more cycles and is characterized by alternating double bonds). In addition, the lubricants of the present invention may be such lubricants that are in the field of cutting tools for compression cooling is usually referred to as “synthetic oils”. Synthetic oils are alkylaryl (i.e. alkyl benzenes with linear or branched alkilani), synthetic paraffins and naphthenes, and poly(alpha)olefins. Some examples of conventional lubricants of the present invention are commercially available BVM 100 N (paraffinic mineral oil supplied to the sale of the company BVA Oils), Suniso® 3GS and Suniso® 5GS (naphthenic mineral oil supplied for sale by Crompton Co.), Sontex® 372LT (naphthenic mineral oil supplied for sale by Pennzoil company), Calumet® RO-30 (naphthenic mineral oil, supplied to the sale of the company Calumet Lubricants), Zerol® 75, Zerol® 150 and Zerol® 500 (linear alkyl benzenes supplied to rodau company Shrieve Chemicals) and UAI 22 (branched alkyl benzenes, supplied for sale by the company Nippon Oil).

In addition, the lubricants of the present invention may be such lubricants that are designed for use with ftoruglevodorodnye refrigerants and mixed with refrigerants of the present invention in terms of a compression refrigerating machines, air conditioning devices, or the reverse of a heat engine. Such lubricants and their properties are discussed in the monograph “Synthetic Lubricants and High-Performance Fluids”, R.L. Shubkin, editor, Marcel Dekker, 1993. Such lubricants include, but not limited to, esters of polyols (POEs)such as Castrol® 100 (Castrol, United Kingdom), polyalkylene glycols (PAGs)such as RL-488 from Dow (Dow Chemical, Midland, Michigan) and polyvinyl ethers (PVEs). These lubricants are readily available from various commercial sources.

The lubricants of the present invention can be chosen according to the specific requirements of the compressor and the environment, which will be in contact lubricant. The lubricants of the present invention mainly have a dynamic viscosity equal to at least about 5 cSt (Centistokes) at 40°C.

If necessary can be made optional additives which are usually added to the compositions of the present invention in order to improve lubricity and the camera is lnost system. These additives generally known from the field of lubricants for compression cooling and include anti-wear additives, and lubricants for operation in conditions of high pressure, corrosion inhibitors and antioxidants, deactivators metal surface, scavengers of free radicals, foamers and defoamers, leak detectors, etc. In the General case, these additives are present in small amounts compared with the overall composition of the lubricant. They are typically used at concentrations that make up approximately less than 0.1% up to about 3% each of the additives. These additives can be chosen according to individual requirements for the system. Some typical examples of such additives may include, but not limited to, improving lubrication additives, such as alkyl or aryl esters of phosphoric acid and thiophosphate. In addition, the compositions of the present invention can be used dialkyldithiophosphate metals (in particular, dialkyldithiophosphate zinc or ZDDP, Lubrizol 1375) and other members of the specified collection of chemicals. Other anti-wear additives include oils from natural products and asymmetric polyhydroxylated lubricity additives, such as Synergol TMS (International Lubricants). Similarly you can apply the stabilizer is, such as antioxidants, scavengers of free radicals and topolitical. Compounds in this category may include, but not limited to, butylsilane hydroxytoluene (EIT) and epoxides.

The compositions of the present invention may also include from about 0.01 % wt. to approximately 5% of the mass. additives, such as, for example, a stabilizer, a scavenger of free radicals and/or antioxidant. Such additives include, but are not limited to, nitromethane, steric employed phenols, hydroxylamine, thiols, phosphites or lactones. Can be used as individual additives, and combinations thereof.

The compositions of the present invention may also include from about 0.01 % wt. to approximately 5% of the mass. the water absorber (desiccant). This water sinks can be orthoepy, such as trimethyl-, triethyl - or reproportioned.

The compositions of the present invention may also include compounds indicators, selected from the group which includes fluorocarbons (HFCs), deuterated hydrocarbons, deuterated fluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, fluorinated ethers, brominated compounds, iododerma compounds, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, nitrous oxide (N2O) and combinations thereof. Connection indicators to relax the Ute in the composition in predetermined amounts with the to detect any dilution, contamination or other alteration of the composition, as described in the patent application U.S. serial number 11/062044, filed February 18, 2005.

Typical compounds indicators for use in the compositions of the present invention are shown in Table 7.

Table 7
ConnectionStructure
Deuterated hydrocarbons and fluorocarbons
Ethane-d6CD3CD3
Propane-d8CD3CD2CD3
HFC-32-d2CD2F2
HFC-134a-d2CD2FCF3
HFC-143a-d3CD3CF3
HFC-125-dCDF2CF3
HFC-227ea-dCF3CDFCF3
HFC-227ca-dCF3CF2CDF2
HFC-134-d2 2CDF2
HFC-236fa-d2CF3CD2CF3
HFC-245cb-d3CF3CF2CD3
HFC-263fb-d2*CF3CD2CH3
HFC-263fb-d3CF2CH2CD3
Fluorinated ethers
HFOC-125ECHF2OCF3
HFOC-134aECH2FOCF3
HFOC-143aECH3OCF3
HFOC-227eaECF3OCHFCF3
HFOC-236faECF3OCH2CF3

HFOC-245faEβγ or HFOC-245faEαβCHF2OCH2CF3(or CHF2CH2OCF3)
HFOC-245cbEβγ or HFOC-245cbEαβCH3OCF2CF3(or CH3CF2OCF3)
HFE-42-11mcc (or Freon® E1)CF3CF2CF2 3
Freon® E2CF3CF2CF2OCF(CF3CF2OCHFCF3
The fluorocarbons
HFC-23CHF3
HFC-161CH3CH2F
HFC-152aCH3CHF2
HFC-134CHF2CHF2
HFC-227eaCF3CHFCF3
HFC-227caCHF2CF2CF3
HFC-236cbCH2FCF2CF3
HFC-236eaCF3CHFCHF2
HFC-236faCF3CH2CF3
HFC-245cbCF3CF2CH3
HFC-245faCHF2CH2CF3
HFC-254cbCHF2CF2CH3
HFC-254ebCF3CHFCH3
HFC-263fbCF3CH2CH3
HFC-272caCH3CF2CH3
HFC-281eaCH3CHFCH3
HFC-281faCH2FCH2CH3
HFC-329pCHF2CF2CF2CF3
HFC-329mmz(CH3)2CHCF3
HFC-338mfCF3CH2CF2CF3
HFC-338pccCHF2CF2CF2CHF2
HFC-347sCH3CF2CF2CF3
HFC-43-10meeCF3CHFCHFCF2CF3
Perfluorocarbons
PFC-116CF3CF3
PFC-C216Cyclo(-CF2CF2CF2-)
PFC-218CF3CF2CF3
PFC-C318Cyclo(-CF2CFsub> 2CF2CF2-)
PFC-31-10mcCF3CF2CF2CF3
PFC-31-10my(CF3)2CFCF3
PFC-C51-12mycmCyclo(-CF(CF3CF2CF(CF3CF2-)
PFC-C51-12mymTRANS-cyclo(-CF2CF(CF3)CF(CF3CF2-)
PFC-C51-12mymCIS-cyclo(-CF2CF(CF3)CF(CF3CF2-)
PerformancelineCyclo(-CF2CF2(CF3CF2CF2CF2-)
PerformatiliciousCyclo(-CF2CF2(CF3CF2CF2CF2CF2-)
Performatilicious (ortho, meta, or para)Cyclo(-CF2CF2(CF3CF2CF2(CF3CF2-)
PerformcallbackCyclo(-CF2CF2(CF2CF3CF2CF2CF2CF2-)

tr>
Performingan C9F10(see the structure below)
Perforatedmetalscreen.com (all possible isomers)Cyclo(-CF2(CF3CF2(CF3CF2CF2(CF3CF2-)
PerformappropriateCyclo(-CF2CF2(CF2(CF3)2CF2CF2CF2CF2-)
Perpendicular (CIS - or TRANS-, shows the TRANS-isomer)C10F18(see the structure below)
Performatively (CIS - or TRANS-, and any additional isomers)C11F20(see the structure below)
Brominated compounds
BromatanCH3Br
BravermanCH2FBr
BromodifluoromethaneCHF2Br
DibromofluoromethaneCHFBr2
Tribromide CHBr3
BromatanCH3CH2Br
BromatanCH2=CHBr
1,2-gibraltanCH2BrCH2Br
1-bromo-1,2-tiptoetyCFBr=CHF
Iododerma connection
IodotrifluoromethaneCF3I
DiftormetanCHF2I
PeriodmeansCH2FI
1,1,2-Cryptor-1-iodataCF2ICH2F
1,1,2,2-titrator-1-iodataCF2ICHF2
1,1,2,2-titrator-1,2-diiodideCF2ICF2I
IdentifiantC6F5I
Alcohols
EthanolCH3CH2OH
n-PropanolCH3CH2CH2OH
IsopropanolCH3CH(OH)CH3
Aldehydes and ketones
Acetone (2-propanone)CH3C(O)CH3
n-PropanolCH3CH2CHO
n-ButanalCH3CH2CH2CHO
Methyl ethyl ketone (2-butanone)CH3C(O)CH2CH3
Other
Nitrous oxideN2O

Shown in Table 7 compounds commercially available from various chemical suppliers) or can be obtained well-known from the field of engineering methods.

In the composition of the present invention individual compounds-indicators can be used in combination with liquid refrigerant/coolant or several compounds of the indicators can be combined in any proportion to obtain a mixture of compounds of indicators. The mixture of compounds of indicators may contain several compounds-indicators from the same class of compounds or several compounds of indicators from different classes is s connections. For example, a mixture of compounds of indicators may contain 2 or more deuterated hydrocarbon or may contain one deuterated hydrocarbon in combination with one or more perfluorocarbons.

In addition, some compounds of Table 7 are in the form of several isomers, structural or optical. With the aim of obtaining connection indicator can be used in any proportions of the individual isomers or more isomers of the same compound. In addition, in order to obtain a mixture of compounds of the indicators of an individual isomer or more isomers of this compound may be combined in any proportion with any number of other compounds.

The connection indicator or a mixture of compounds of indicators may be present in the composition in a total concentration from about 50 mass parts per million (ppm) to about 1000 ppm, Preferably the connection indicator or a mixture of compounds of indicators present in a total concentration from about 50 ppm to about 500 ppm, and most preferably the connection indicator or a mixture of compounds of indicators present in a total concentration from about 100 ppm to about 300 ppm

The compositions of the present invention may also include compatibilization selected from the gr is PPI, which includes polyoxyethyleneglycol esters, amides, NITRILES, ketones, chloropentyl, esters, lactones, aryl ethers, fluorinated ethers, and 1,1,1-triptorelin. Compatibilizer used to improve the solubility ftoruglevodorodnyh refrigerants in conventional cutting tools. Cooling lubricants necessary for lubrication of the compressor of the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse heat engine. The lubricant must be moved through the device together with the refrigerant, in particular that he should return from areas outside the zone of compression in the compressor in order to continue to perform the function of lubricant and to prevent damage to the compressor.

Ftoruglevodorodnye refrigerants in General incompatible with conventional lubricating and cooling means, such as mineral oil, alkyl benzenes, synthetic paraffins, synthetic naphthenes, and poly(alpha)olefins. To replace it was suggested many lubricants, however, polyalkylene glycols, esters of polyols and polyvinyl ethers proposed for use with hydrocarbon refrigerants are expensive and easily absorb water. Water in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine may, if it is the input to corrosion and particle formation, which can lead to blockage of the capillary tubes and other small holes in the system that ultimately causes a breakdown in the system. In addition, the existing equipment to replace the new lubricant requires lengthy and costly procedures of washing. It is therefore desirable, if possible, continue to use the original lubricant.

Compatibilization the present invention improves the solubility of hydrocarbon refrigerants in conventional cutting tools and, thus, improve oil return to the compressor.

Compatibilization of the present invention on the basis of polyoxyethyleneglycol esters represented by the formula, R1[(OR2)xOR3]ywhere: x denotes an integer equal to 1-3; y denotes an integer equal to 1 to 4; R1selected from a hydrogen atom and aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms and y locations for linking; R2selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms; R3selected from a hydrogen atom and aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; at least one of R1and R2represents a hydrocarbon radical, these polyoxyethyleneglycol esters have the forefront of the popular weight from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass. In the present description to associate a mean place in the radicals available for the formation of covalent bonds with other radicals. Alkylene radicals are divalent hydrocarbon radicals. In the present description of the preferred compatibilization based polyoxyethyleneglycol esters represented by the formula, R1[(OR2)xOR3]ywhere x, predominantly ranges from 1 to 2; y is predominantly equal to 1; R1and R3mostly independently selected from a hydrogen atom and aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; R2preferably selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 2 to 3 carbon atoms, most preferably 3 carbon atoms; molecular weight polyoxyethyleneglycol esters is preferably from about 100 to about 250 atomic mass, most preferably ranges from about 125 to about 250 atomic mass. The hydrocarbon radicals R1and R3having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, may be linear, branched or cyclic. Some examples of hydrocarbon radicals R1and R3include methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, tert-Penta is l, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl. In the case where the free hydroxyl radicals compatibilization of the present invention on the basis of polyoxyethyleneglycol esters can be compatible with the construction materials of some compression refrigeration units (in particular, Mylar®), R1and R3preferred are aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, most preferably 1 carbon atom. Aliphatic alkylene radicals R2having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, form a repeating oxyalkylene radicals(OR2)x-that contain oxyethylene radicals, oxypropylene radicals and oxybutylene radicals. Oxyalkylene radical, including R2in one molecule compatibilizer based polyoxyethyleneglycol esters, may be the same or the same molecule may contain distinguished oxyalkylene group, R2. Compatibilization of the present invention on the basis of polyoxyethyleneglycol esters mainly include at least one oxypropylene radical. If R1represents an aliphatic or alicyclic hydrocarbon radical having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms and y locations for binding, the radical can be linear, except the run or cyclical. Some examples of aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals R1having two places to link, include, in particular, ethylene radicals, propylene radicals, butylene radicals, Panteleeva radical, exelency radical, cyclopentadienyl radical and cyclohexyloxy radical. Some examples of aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals R1with three or four places to link, include the remains formed from a polyalcohol, such as trimethylolpropane, glycerin, pentaerythritol, 1,2,3-trihydroxytoluene and 1,3,5-trihydroxytoluene by deleting them hydroxyl radicals.

Some examples of compatibilization based polyoxyethyleneglycol esters include, but are not limited to: CH3Och2CH(CH3)O(N or CH3) (methyl or dimethyl) ester of propylene glycol), CH3[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]2(N or CH3) (methyl or dimethyl) ester dipropyleneglycol), CH3[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]3(N or CH3) (methyl or dimethyl) ester tripropyleneglycol)2H5Och2CH(CH3)O(H or2H5) (ethyl (or diethyl) ether of propylene glycol),2H5[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]2(H or2H5) (ethyl (or diethyl) ether of dipropyleneglycol), sub> 2H5[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]3(H or2H5) (ethyl (or diethyl) ether of tripropyleneglycol)3H7Och2CH(CH3)O(H or3H7) (n-propyl (or di-n-propyl) ether of propylene glycol),3H7[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]2(H or3H7) (n-propyl (or di-n-propyl) ether of dipropyleneglycol)3H7[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]3(H or3H7) (n-propyl (or di-n-propyl) ether of tripropyleneglycol)4H9Och2CH(CH3)HE (n-butyl ether propylene glycol),4H9[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]2(H or4H9) (n-butyl (or di-n-butyl) ether of dipropyleneglycol)4H9[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]3(H or4H9) (n-butyl (or di-n-butyl) ether of tripropyleneglycol), (CH3)3PINES2CH(CH3HE (tert-butyl ether propylene glycol), (CH3)3WITH[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]2(H or (CH3)3) (tert-butyl - (or di-tert-butyl) ester dipropyleneglycol), (CH3)3WITH[CH2CH(CH3)Oh]3(H or (CH3)3) (tert-butyl - (or di-tert-butyl) ester tripropyleneglycol)5H11Och2CH(CH3)HE (n-pentalogy propyl ether is of glycole), With4H9Och2CH(C2H5)HE (n-butyl ether of butyleneglycol)4H9[CH2CH(C2H5)Oh]2N (n-butyl ether dibutylamino), tri-n-butyl ether of trimethylolpropane (C2H5C(CH2O(CH2)3CH3)3) and di-n-butyl ether of trimethylolpropane (C2H5C(CH2OS(CH2)3CH3)2CH2IT).

Amide compatibilization of the present invention are compatibilization indicated by the formulas R1C(O)NR2R3and cyclo-[R4C(O)N(R5)], where R1, R2, R3and R5independently selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms; R4selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 3 to 12 carbon atoms; molecular weight of these amides is from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass. The molecular mass of these amides is preferably from about 160 to about 250 atomic mass. R1, R2, R3and R5optional may include substituted hydrocarbon radicals, i.e. radicals which contain non-substituents selected from halogen atoms (in particular, fluorine, chlorine is a) and alkoxy groups (in particular, methoxy). R1, R2, R3and R5optional may include hydrocarbon radicals, substituted by heteroatoms, i.e. radicals containing nitrogen atoms (Aza), oxygen (oxa-) or sulfur (TIA) in the chain of the radical, which is otherwise composed of carbon atoms. In the General case, for every 10 carbon atoms in R1-3contains no more than three non-substituents and heteroatoms, and preferably contains no more than one non Deputy and heteroatoms, and the presence of any of these non-substituents and heteroatoms must be considered taking into account the above limitations of molecular weight. Preferred amide compatibilization include the atoms carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen. Individual members of aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals R1, R2, R3and R5include methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, tert-pentyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, heptyl, octyl, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl and their configurational isomers. Preferred amide compatibilization are compatibilization, in which R4in the above formula cyclo-[R4C(O)N(R5)] can be represented alkilinity radical (CR6 R7)nin other words, can be represented by the formula: cyclo-[(CR6R7)nC(O)N(R5)-], where: above fair values for molecular weight; n denotes an integer from 3 to 5; R5denotes a saturated hydrocarbon radical containing from 1 to 12 carbon atoms; R6and R7independently selected for each value of n) according to the rules previously specified with respect to R1-3. In the lactam represented by the formula cyclo-[(CR6R7)nC(O)N(R5)-], all R6and R7preferably denote hydrogen or contain a single saturated hydrocarbon radical among the n methylene fragments, and R5denotes a saturated hydrocarbon radical containing from 3 to 12 carbon atoms. Example: 1-(saturated hydrocarbon radical)-5-methylpyrrolidine-2-ones.

Some representatives of the amide compatibilization include, but not limited to: 1-octylpyrimidine-2-it, 1-decylpyrimidine-2-it, 1-octyl-5-methylpyrrolidine-2-it, 1-BUTYLCARBAMATE, 1-cyclohexylpiperidine-2-it, 1-butyl-5-methylpiperid-2-it, 1 pentyl-5-methylpiperid-2-it, 1-sexycaracas, 1-hexyl-5-methylpyrrolidine-2-it, 5-methyl-1-pentylbiphenyl-2 he, 1,3-dimethylpiperidin-2-it, 1-methylcaprolactam, 1-butylperoxide-2-it, 1,5-dimethylpiperidin-2-it, 1-decyl-5-methylpyrrolidine-2-it, 1-dodecylphenol the DIN-2-it, N,N-dibutylformamide and N,N-Diisopropylamine.

Ketone compatibilization of the present invention are ketones, which are indicated by the formula, R1C(O)R2where R1and R2independently selected from aliphatic, alicyclic and aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, the said ketones have a molecular weight from about 70 to about 300 atomic mass. R1and R2in these ketones mostly independently selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 9 carbon atoms. The molecular mass of these ketones is preferably from about 100 to 200 atomic mass. R1and R2may together form alkilinity radical connected with the formation of a cyclic ketone, which contains a five-, six - or semiology cycle, for example, Cyclopentanone, cyclohexanone and cycloheptanone. R1and R2optional may include substituted hydrocarbon radicals, i.e. radicals which contain non-substituents selected from halogen atoms (in particular, fluorine, chlorine), alkoxy group (particularly methoxy). R1and R2optional may include hydrocarbon radicals, substituted by heteroatoms, i.e. radika is s, containing nitrogen atoms (Aza), oxygen (keto-, oxa-or sulfur (TIA) in the chain of the radical, which is otherwise composed of carbon atoms. In the General case, for every 10 carbon atoms in R1and R2contains no more than three non-substituents and heteroatoms, and preferably contains no more than one non Deputy and heteroatoms, and the presence of any of these non-substituents and heteroatoms must be considered taking into account the above limitations of molecular weight. Individual members of aliphatic, alicyclic and aryl hydrocarbon radicals R1and R2in the General formula, R1C(O)R2include methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, tert-pentyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, heptyl, octyl, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl and their configurational isomers, and also phenyl, benzyl, cumenyl, mesityl, tolyl, xylyl and phenetyl.

Some examples of ketone of compatibilization include, but not limited to: 2-butanone, 2-pentanone, acetophenone, butyrophenone, hexanophenone, cyclohexanone, cycloheptanone, 2-heptanone, 3 heptanone, 5-methyl-2-hexanone, 2-octanone, 3-octanone, Diisobutylene, 4-ethylcyclohexane, 2-nonanone, 5-nonanone, 2-decane, 4-decane, 2-decalin, 2-tridecanol, dihexyl Eton and cyclohexylthio.

NBR compatibilization of the present invention are NITRILES, which are indicated by the formula, R1CN, where R1selected from aliphatic, alicyclic or aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, the said NITRILES have a molecular weight from about 90 to about 200 atomic mass. R1in these nitrile-compatibilization mainly selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 8 to 10 carbon atoms. The molecular weight of the above nitrile compatibilization is preferably from about 120 to about 140 atomic mass. R1optional may include substituted hydrocarbon radicals, i.e. radicals which contain non-substituents selected from halogen atoms (in particular, fluorine, chlorine), alkoxy group (particularly methoxy). R1may include hydrocarbon radicals, substituted by heteroatoms, i.e. radicals containing nitrogen atoms (Aza), oxygen (keto-, oxa-or sulfur (TIA) in the chain of the radical, which is otherwise composed of carbon atoms. In the General case, for every 10 carbon atoms in R1contains no more than three non-substituents and heteroatoms and preferably contains n is more than one non Deputy and heteroatoms, and the presence of any of these non-substituents and heteroatoms must be considered taking into account the above limitations of molecular weight. Individual members of aliphatic, alicyclic and aryl hydrocarbon radicals R1in the General formula, R1CN include pencil, isopentyl, neopentyl, tert-pentyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, heptyl, octyl, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl and their configurational isomers, and also phenyl, benzyl, cumenyl, mesityl, tolyl, xylyl and phenetyl.

Some examples of nitrile compatibilization include, but not limited to: 1-canopener, 2,2-dimethyl-4-canopener, 1-cyanogens, 1-canegata, 1-cyanochen, 2-cyanochen, 1-cananean, 1-canadien, 2-canadien, 1-canonical and 1-canadadian.

Chloropurine compatibilization of the present invention are chloropyridine compounds denoted by General formula RClxwhere x is selected from an integer 1 or 2; R is selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms; the said chloropeta have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 200 atomic mass. Molecular mass is indicated chloropurine of compatibilization is preferably from about 120 to priblizitelen the 150 atomic mass. Individual members of aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals R in the General formula RClxinclude methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, tert-pentyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, heptyl, octyl, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl and their configurational isomers.

Some examples chloropurine of compatibilization include, but not limited to: 3-(chloromethyl)pentane, 3-chloro-3-methylpentane, 1 Jorgensen, 1,6-dichlorohexane, 1-chloroheptane, 1-chlorooctane, 1-chlorononane, 1-Hardeman and 1,1,1-trilogical.

Ester compatibilization of the present invention are esters, which are indicated by the formula, R1CO2R2where R1and R2independently selected from linear or cyclic, saturated and unsaturated, alkyl and aryl radicals. Preferred esters are composed primarily of the elements C, H and O that have a molecular weight from about 80 to about 550 atomic mass.

Hotel representatives esters include, but are not limited to: (CH3)2SNSN2OOS(CH2)2-4OSON2CH(CH3)2(the dibasic diisobutenyl ether)ethylhexanoate, atelephone, n-butylphosphonate, n-propylbromide, ethylbenzoic, di-n-robertet, ethoxyethyl ester of benzoic acid, dipropylamine, “Exxate 700” (commercial With7alkyl acetate), “Exxate 800” (commercial With8alkyl acetate), dibutyl phthalate and tert-butyl acetate.

Lactonase compatibilization of the present invention are the lactones represented by structures [A], [B] and [C]:

These lactones contain the functional group-CO2in the ring, composed of six (A) or preferably from five (In) atoms, while in the structures of [A] and [B] group with R1for R8independently selected from a hydrogen atom or a linear, branched, cyclic, bicyclic, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon radicals. Each of the groups R1for R8can be combined with the formation of the loop together with the other group with R1for R8. The lactone may contain ekzoticheskuyu alkylidene group in the structure of [C], where groups with R1for R6independently selected from a hydrogen atom or a linear, branched, cyclic, bicyclic, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon radicals. Each of the groups R1for R6can be combined with the formation of the loop together with the other group with R1for R6. Lactonase compatibilization have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 300 atomic the units of mass, preferably from about 100 to about 200 atomic mass.

Separate lactonase compatibilization include, but not limited to, a compound listed in Table 8.

/tr>
Table 8
SupplementMolecular
structure
Molecular
formula
Molecular
mass (Amu)
(E,Z)-3-ethylidene-5-methyldihydro-2-heC7H10O2126
(E,Z)-3-propylidene-5-methyldihydro-2-heC8H12O2140
(E,Z)-3-butylidene-5-methyldihydro-2-heC9H14O2154
(E,Z)-3-pentylidene-5-methyldihydro-2-he 10H16O2168
(E,Z)-3-hexylidene-5-methyldihydro-2-heC11H18O2182
(E,Z)-3-reptilian-5-methyldihydro-2-heC12H20O2196
(E,Z)-3-activeden-5-methyldihydro-2-heC13H22O2210
(E,Z)-3-nonelite-5-methyldihydro-2-heC14H24O2224
(E,Z)-3-deciliter-5-methyldihydro-2-heC15H26O2238
(E,Z)-3-(3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate)-5-methyldihydro-2-heC14H24O2224
(E,Z)-3-cyclohexylidene-5-methyldihydro-2-heC12H18O2194
gamma-actuacionC8H14O2142
gamma-nonalactoneC9H16O2156
gamma-decalactoneC10H18O2170
gamma-undecalactoneC11H20O2184
gamma-dodecalactoneC12H22O2198
3-exerciseprogram-2-heC10 H18O2170
3-heptaldehyde-2-heC11H20O2184
CIS-3-ethyl-5-methyldihydro-2-heC7H12O2128
CIS-(3-propyl-5-methyl)dihydrofuran-2-heC8H14O2142
CIS-(3-butyl-5-methyl)dihydrofuran-2-heC9H16O2156
CIS-(3-pentyl-5-methyl)dihydrofuran-2-heC10H18O2170
CIS-3-hexyl-5-methyldihydro-2-heC11H20O2184
CIS-3-heptyl-5-methyldihydro-2-heC12H22O2198
CIS-3-octyl-5-methyldihydro-2-heC13H24O2212
CIS-3-(3,5,5-trimethylhexane)-5-methyldihydro-2-heC14H26O2226
CIS-3-cyclohexylmethyl-5-methyldihydro-2-heC12H20O2196
5-methyl-5-exerciseprogram-2-heC11H20O2184
5-methyl-5-occideretur-2-heC13H24O2212
hexahydronaphthalen-1-he C8H12O2140
Delta-decalactoneC10H18O2170
Delta-undecalactoneC11H20O2184
Delta-dodecalactoneC12H22O2198
a mixture of 4-exerciseprogram-2-it 3-exerciseprogram-2-itC10H18O2170

Lactonase compatibilization usually have a dynamic viscosity that is less than about 7 cSt at 40°C. for Example, at a temperature of 40°C gamma undecalactone has a dynamic viscosity of 5.4 cSt, and CIS-(3-hexyl-5-methyl)dihydrofuran-2-he has a dynamic viscosity of 4.5 cSt. Lactonase compatibilization may be commercially available or obtained by the methods, Pref is found in the patent application U.S. 10/910495, filed August 3, 2004, which is incorporated into this description by reference.

Compatibilization on the basis of aryl esters of the present invention include aryl ethers, denoted by the formula, R1OR2where R1selected from aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; R2selected from aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; said aryl ethers have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 150 atomic mass. Examples of aryl radicals R1in the General formula, R1OR2include phenyl, biphenyl, cumenyl, mesityl, tolyl, xylyl, naphthyl and pyridyl. Examples of aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals R2in the General formula, R1OR2include methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl and tert-butyl. Some examples of compatibilization on the basis of aromatic esters include, but are not limited to: methylphenylene ether (anisole), 1,3-dimethoxybenzene, ailfenergy ether and BUTYLPEROXY ether.

Compatibilization based on fluorinated ethers of the present invention are fluorinated ethers, which are denoted by General formula R1OCF2CF2H, where R1selected from aliphatics the x, alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbon radicals having from about 5 to about 15 carbon atoms, predominantly selected from a linear, saturated alkyl radicals. Some examples of compatibilization based on fluorinated ethers include, but are not limited to: C8H17OCF2CF2H and C6H13OCF2CF2H. it Should be noted that in the case where the refrigerant is a fluorinated simple broadcast, compatibilization may not necessarily be the same fluorinated simple ether.

Compatibilization based on fluorinated ethers can also be a simple esters derived from fluorinated olefins and polyols. Fluoro-substituted olefins can be type CF2=CXY, where X denotes a hydrogen atom, a chlorine or fluorine, and Y denotes a chlorine atom, a fluorine atom, CF3or orfwhere Rfmeans CF3C2F5or C3F7. Some examples of farolatino are tetrafluoroethylene, chlorotrifluoroethylene, HEXAFLUOROPROPYLENE and performatively ether. The polyols can be linear or branched. Linear polyols can be type of NON2(SNON)x(CRR')yCH2OH, where R and R' represent a hydrogen atom or CH3or2H5and where x denotes a whole the number equal to 0-4, and y denotes an integer equal to 0-4. Branched polyols can be of type C(OH)t(R)u(CH2OH)v[(CH2)mCH2OH]wwhere R may denote a hydrogen atom, CH3or2H5m may be an integer equal to from 0 to 3, t and u can be 0 or 1, v and w denote integers from 0 to 4, while t+u+v+w=4. Some examples of polyols are trimethylolpropane, pentaerythritol, butanediol and ethylene glycol.

1,1,1-triptoreline compatibilization of the present invention are 1,1,1-triptoreline, denoted by the General formula CF3R1where R1selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from about 5 to about 15 carbon atoms, predominantly selected from a linear, saturated alkyl radicals. Some examples of 1,1,1-triptoreline of compatibilization include, but not limited to: 1,1,1-triptorelin and 1,1,1-cryptonomicon.

Under the effective number of compatibilizer means the number of compatibilizer, which leads to efficient solubilization of lubricant in the composition and, thus, provides an adequate oil return to optimize the operation of the refrigeration machine, air conditioning devices, or reverse thermal machines is.

The composition of the present invention typically contains from about 0.1 to about 40 wt. -%, preferably from approximately 0.2 to approximately 20% of the mass. and most preferably from about 0.3 to about 10% of the mass. compatibilizer in the composition of the present invention.

The present invention also relates to a method for improving oil return to the compressor in a compression refrigeration machine, a device for air-conditioning or in the reverse thermal machine, however this method includes the use of compositions of the present invention, which contains compatibilization in these devices. Compatibilizer selected from the group which includes hydrocarbons, dimethyl ether, polyoxyethyleneglycol esters, amides, ketones, NITRILES, chlorohydrocarbons, esters, lactones, aryl ethers, fluorinated ethers, hydrocarbon ethers, and 1,1,1-triptorelin.

The present invention also relates to a method of solubilization liquid composition of the refrigerant or coolant, which is a composition of the present invention, in the lubricating-cooling means selected from the group that includes mineral oil, alkyl benzenes, synthetic paraffins, synthetic naphthenes, and poly(alpha)OLE the ins, while this method consists in contacting the specified lubricant-coolant with the specified composition in the presence of an effective amount of compatibilizer where specified compatibilizer selected from the group which includes polyoxyethyleneglycol esters, amides, NITRILES, ketones, chlorinated hydrocarbons, esters, lactones, aryl ethers, fluorinated ethers, and 1,1,1-triptorelin.

The compositions of the present invention may also include ultraviolet (UV) dye and optional soljubilizatory. UV dye is a component that is suitable for the detection of loss of track, because it allows us to observe the fluorescence in the dye composition at the point of diversion or near refrigeration machines, devices for air conditioning or reverse heat engine. It is possible to observe the fluorescence of the dye under ultraviolet light. The solubilizer may be required due to the poor solubility of such UV dyes in some tracks.

Under “UV” dye understand UV fluorescent composition that absorbs light in the ultraviolet or near ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The fluorescence emitted from the UV fluorescent dye under UV and the radiation, can be detected in the wavelength range from 10 nm to 750 nm. Thus, if a composition containing a UV fluorescent dye, arises at this point of the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse heat engine, at the point of leakage can be detected fluorescence. Such UV fluorescent dyes include, but not limited to, naphthalimides, perylenes, coumarins, anthracene, phenantrene, xanthene, tioksantena, nattokinase, fluoresceine and their derivatives or combinations thereof.

According to the present invention proposes a method of detecting the composition of the present invention containing the dye, which is described in the preceding sentence, in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine. This method consists in filling the mentioned devices, the composition and the use of proper means for detecting the composition at the point of diversion or near the specified device.

Solubilizing agents of the present invention are at least one compound selected from the group that includes hydrocarbons, ethers, hydrocarbons, dimethyl ether, polyoxyethyleneglycol esters, amides, NITRILES, ketones, chlorinated hydrocarbons, esters, lactones,aryl ethers, fluorinated ethers, and 1,1,1-triptorelin. Polyoxyethyleneglycol esters, amides, NITRILES, ketones, chlorine substituted hydrocarbons, esters, lactones, aryl ethers, fluorinated ethers, and 1,1,1-triptoreline as solubilization previously considered in the present description as compatibilization for use with conventional lubricating and cooling means.

Hydrocarbon soljubilizatory of the present invention are hydrocarbons, including alkanes or alkenes with a straight chain, branched chain or cyclic alkanes or alkenes, which contain 5 or less carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms and do not contain other functional groups. Examples of individual representatives of hydrocarbon solubilization are propane, propylene, cyclopropane, n-butane, isobutane, 2-methylbutane, n-pentane. It should be noted that if the composition contains a hydrocarbon, the solubilizer may not be the same hydrocarbon.

Soljubilizatory on the basis of simple esters hydrocarbons according to the present invention are ethers that contain only atoms of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, such as dimethyl ether (DME).

Soljubilizatory of the present invention may be present in the form of individual compounds or may be present as a mixture of several of solubilization. A mixture of solubilization may include two solubilizer selected from the same class of compounds, for example, may include two lactone or two solubilizer selected from two different classes of compounds, such as lactate and polyoxyethyleneglycol ether.

In the composition of the present invention, containing a refrigerant and a UV fluorescent dye or containing liquid coolant and UV fluorescent dye, from about 0.001% of the mass. up to approximately 1.0% of the mass. the composition is UV dye is preferably from about 0.005% wt. up to about 0.5% of the mass. and most preferably is from about 0.01 wt%. to approximately 0.25% of the mass.

Such soljubilizatory as ketones can have an unpleasant odor, which can be masked by the addition of masterbates smells or fragrances. Typical examples of massirovala smells or fragrances may include commercially available flavorings with the smell of evergreens, fresh lemon, cherry, cinnamon, peppermint, color or orange peel, as well as d-limonene and pinene. This masirovali smells can be used at concentrations of from about 0.001% of the mass. up to approximately 15% of the mass. from the total mass of masterbates smells and a solubilizer.

The solubility of these UV-free is the shaft of the dyes in the compositions of the present invention can be bad. Therefore, the method of introduction of these dyes in a refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat the car uncomfortable, expensive and require a lot of time. In U.S. patent RE 36951 is the way in which use dye powder, granules or a suspension of dye that can be placed in the site of the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse heat engine. As the refrigerant and lubricant circulating within the specified devices, the dye is dissolved or dispersed and transported within the device. The literature describes numerous other ways of injecting dye into the refrigeration machine or device for air-conditioning.

Ideally, the UV fluorescent dye can be dissolved in the refrigerant, and in this case you will not need to use any special method of introduction into the refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat the car. The present invention relates to compositions comprising a UV fluorescent dye, which can be entered into the system in the form of a solution in the refrigerant. The compositions of the present invention allow you to store and transport containing the dye composition even at low temperatures, the dye remains the solution.

In the compositions of the present invention, containing the refrigerant, UV fluorescent dye and a solubilizer or containing liquid coolant, UV fluorescent dye and the solubilizer, the solubilizer is from about 1 to about 50 wt. -%, preferably ranges from approximately 2 to approximately 25% of the mass. and most preferably ranges from approximately 5 to approximately 15% of the mass. United compositions. In the compositions of the present invention, the UV fluorescent dye is contained with a concentration of from about 0.001% of the mass. up to approximately 1.0 wt. -%, preferably from about 0.005% wt. up to about 0.5% of the mass. and most preferably from about 0.01% wt. to approximately 0.25% of the mass.

The present invention also relates to a method of applying the compositions which additionally contain a UV fluorescent dye, and optionally a solubilizer, in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or in the reverse thermal machine. The method consists in the introduction of the composition in the refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat the car. The specified method can be carried out by dissolving the UV fluorescent dye in the composition in the presence of the solubilizer and by introducing the combined mixture in the specified device. Alternatively, this method can be realized by combining a solubilizer and UV fluorescent dye and by introducing a specified combination of the mixture in the refrigerating machine or device for air conditioning, which contain the refrigerant and/or heat-transfer fluid. The resulting composition can be used in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine.

The present invention also relates to a method of applying the compositions, which contain ultraviolet fluorescent dye for leak detection. The presence of dye in the compositions can detect the leakage of the refrigerant in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine. Leak detection helps to fix, solve or prevent the problems associated with inefficient operation of the unit or system or equipment failure. Leak detection also allows you to save the chemical reagents that are used during operation of the device.

The method consists in the introduction of the composition of the present invention, which contains the refrigerant, ultra-violet fluorescent dye described in the present invention, and optionally a solubilizer discussed in this image is the situation, in a refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat the car and use the appropriate means for detecting refrigerant containing UV fluorescent dye, in point of diversion or near such equipment. Suitable means for detection of the dye include, but not limited to, ultraviolet lamp, which is often referred to as lamps “invisible light” or “blue light”. Such ultraviolet lamp commercially available from various sources that specialize in their production. After the composition containing the ultraviolet fluorescent dye, is introduced into the refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat the car and allow it to circulate in the system, the leak can be detected by illuminating the specified device specified ultraviolet lamp and observing the fluorescence of the dye near the point of leakage.

The present invention also relates to a method of replacement refrigerant with large value of GWP in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine, with the specified refrigerant with a high GWP value selected from the group which includes R134a, R22, R123, R11, R245fa, R114, R236fa, R124, R12, R410A, R407C, R413A, R417A, R422A, R422B, R422C and R422D, R423A, R507A, R404A, R502 and; specified the method includes the introduction of the compositions of the present invention specified in the refrigerating machine, the specified device for air conditioning or the heat machine that uses, used or designed for use in the specified refrigerant with a high GWP value.

In a specific embodiment of this method, as discussed in the above paragraph, the refrigerant with the large size GWP selected from the group which includes R134a, R22, R123, R11, R245fa, R114, R236fa, R124, R12, R410A, R407C, R413A, R417A, R422A, R422B, R422C, R422D, R423A, R507A, R404A, R502 and, as indicated above. The method further includes the introduction of the composition specified in the refrigerating machine, said device for air conditioning or the heat machine that uses, used or designed for the use of the refrigerant with the large size GWP, while the composition is selected from the group comprising: from about 1 wt%. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1234yf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1243zf; about the approximately 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-134a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-227ea and from about 1% wt. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. CF3I.

System refrigerating machines, air conditioning and reverse heat engines with compression of vapors include the evaporator, compressor, condenser and expansion device. In the cycle of compression of the vapor in a multistage process repeatedly use the refrigerant, at the same time achieve the cooling effect on one stage and the effect of heating on the other stage. This cycle in a simplified form can be described as follows. The liquid refrigerant enters the evaporator through evaporation device, and in the evaporator the liquid refrigerant boils at a low temperature to produce a gas and cold. Gas at low pressure enters the compressor, where the gas is compressed, its pressure and temperature are increased. Gaseous refrigerant under higher pressure (in compressed form) then enters the condenser, where the refrigerant condenses and is specifying its heat into the surrounding space. The refrigerant is returned to the expansion device, in which the fluid expands from a condition of high pressure in the condenser to a state with low pressure in the evaporator, repeating, thus, the entire cycle.

In accordance with the present invention offers a refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat pump containing composition of the present invention. In particular, the refrigerating machine and a device for air conditioning can be a mobile device.

In the present description mobile refrigeration machine or mobile device for air conditioning refers to any refrigerating machine or any device for air conditioning, built-in vehicle, which is designed for driving on the road, on the rails, by sea or by air. In addition, the present invention enabled device designed to create a cold or air-conditioning systems, independent of any moving carrier, which is known as “intermodal” system. Such intermodal systems include “containers” (combined transport sea/land), as well as “removable body for mixed road / rail transport” (combined road the railway transport). The present invention is most suitable for refrigerating machines or devices for air conditioning, designated for road transport, such as automotive air-conditioning or refrigeration equipment for road transport.

The compositions of the present invention can be also suitable for stationary air conditioning and reverse heat engines, in particular, chillers, high temperature heat pumps, air conditioning systems for homes and light commercial and commercial air conditioning systems. In the stationary refrigeration machines, compositions of the present invention may be suitable equipment such as home refrigerators, freezers, small cold stores, refrigerated cabinets and freezers, and refrigeration systems for supermarkets.

The present invention relates also to a method for cold, including the evaporation of any of the compositions of the present invention near an object that must be cooled, with subsequent condensation of the specified composition.

The present invention relates also to a method for producing heat comprising condensing any of the compositions of the present invention near an object that is to be heated, with PEFC is blowing evaporation of these compositions.

The present invention relates to a refrigerating machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine containing composition of the present invention, with the specified composition includes at least one fluorinated olefin.

The present invention relates also to a mobile device for conditioning air containing composition of the present invention, with the specified composition includes at least one fluorinated olefin.

The present invention relates also to a method for early detection of leakage of the refrigerant in the refrigeration machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine. The method includes using a non-azeotrope blends composition in these devices and monitoring the decrease in cooling efficiency. Non-azeotrope blends composition fractions leakage from refrigeration machines, devices for air conditioning or reverse heat engine, and the component with the lower boiling point (having a higher vapor pressure will flow from the first device. If the lower boiling component in the composition provides most of the cooling capacity, when a leak occurs, there will be a noticeable performance degradation and, thus, red eye reduction is the efficiency of the device. For example, in an automobile air conditioning system passengers in the car will notice a reduction in the cooling capacity of the system. Reducing the cooling capacity of the system can be interpreted as the refrigerant leakage and the need for repair of the system.

The present invention relates also to method of application of the compositions of the present invention as a composition of the liquid coolant. This method includes the transportation of specified composition from the heat source to the heat sink.

Liquid coolant is used to transfer, move, or remove heat from a single location, location, object or body to another location, location, to another object or body by radiation, conduction or convection. The liquid coolant may serve as a secondary cooler for the use of funds transfer of cold (or heat) from a remote system cooling (or heating). In some systems, a liquid coolant may remain unchanged during the transfer process (i.e. does not evaporate or not condensed). Alternatively, the cooling processes using evaporation can also be applied liquid heat transfer.

The heat source can be defined as space, location, object, or body, of the which you want to transfer, move or remove heat. An example of a heat source can be space (open or closed), which require freezing or refrigeration, such as refrigerators or freezers in supermarkets, areas that require air conditioning or passenger salons in the car, requiring air-conditioning. The radiator can be defined as space, location, object, or body, is able to absorb heat. Refrigeration system operating on the principle of vapor compression, is one example of such a radiator.

In some embodiments, implementation of the present invention can be used in a specific combination of the above components, taken in specific mass percent. The following composition should be considered as examples of such embodiments of the present invention, however, they do not limit the scope of the compositions of the present invention.

One of the embodiments of the present invention relates to a composition, which contains: at least one lubricant selected from the group that includes esters of polyols, polyalkyleneglycol, polyvinyl ethers, mineral oils, alkyl benzenes, synthetic paraffins, synthetic naphthenes, and poly(alpha)olefins; and a composition selected from the group which includes:from about 1 wt%. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1234yf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1243zf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-134a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-227ea and from about 1% wt. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. CF3I.

Another variant of implementation of the present invention relates to a composition, which contains: the composition of the refrigerant or liquid carrier selected from the group comprising: from about 1 wt%. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HF-1225ye and from about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1234yf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1243zf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-134a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-227ea and from about 1% wt. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. CF3I. Composition also contains compatibilizer selected from the group that includes: (i) polyoxyethyleneglycol esters represented by the formula, R1[(OR2)xOR3]ywhere: x denotes an integer equal to from 1 to 3; y denotes an integer equal to from 1 to 4; R1selected from a hydrogen atom and aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms and y locations for linking; R2selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms; R3selected from a hydrogen atom and the Alif is practical and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals, having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; at least one of R1and R3selected of these hydrocarbon radicals; these polyoxyethyleneglycol ethers have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; (ii) amides represented by the formula R1C(O)NR2R3and cyclo-[R4C(O)N(R5)-], where R1, R2, R3and R5independently selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, and at most one aromatic radical containing from 6 to 12 atoms; R4selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 3 to 12 carbon atoms; molecular weight of these amides is from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; (iii) ketones represented by the formula, R1C(O)R2where R1and R2independently selected from aliphatic, alicyclic and aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, the said ketones have a molecular weight from about 70 to about 300 atomic mass; (iv) NITRILES represented by the formula, R1CN, where R1selected from aliphatic, alicyclic or aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, the n is trily have a molecular weight from about 90 to about 200 atomic mass; v) chloropeta represented by the formula RClxwhere x is 1 or 2; R is selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms; the said chloropeta have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 200 atomic mass; (vi) aryl ethers represented by the formula, R1OR2where: R1selected from aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; R2selected from aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and the aryl ethers have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 150 atomic mass; (vii) 1,1,1-triptoreline represented by the formula CF3R1where R1selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from about 5 to about 15 carbon atoms; (viii) fluorinated ethers represented by the formula, R1OCF2CF2H, where R1selected from aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbon radicals having from about 5 to about 15 carbon atoms; or where these fluorinated ethers derived from fluorinated olefins and polyols, where these fluorinated olefins can be type CF2=CXY, where X denotes the hydrogen atom of chlorine or fluorine, and Y represents a chlorine atom, a fluorine atom, CF3or orfwhere Rfmeans CF3C2F5or C3F7; where these polyols are linear or branched, these linear polyols are polyols of the type of NON2(SNON)x(CRR')yCH2OH, where R and R' represent a hydrogen atom or CH3or2H5where x denotes an integer equal to 0 to 4, y represents an integer equal to 0 to 3, and z is either zero or 1; these branched polyols are polyols of the type C(OH)t(R)u(CH2OH)v[(CH2)mCH2OH]wwhere R may denote a hydrogen atom, CH3or2H5m denotes an integer equal to from 0 to 3, t and u are equal to 0 or 1, v and w denote integers from 0 to 4, while t+u+v+w=4; xi) lactones represented by structures [B], [C] and [D]:

where the group R1for R8independently selected from a hydrogen atom or a linear, branched, cyclic, bicyclic, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon radicals and where the molecular weight is from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; and x) esters represented by the formula, R1CO2R2where R1and R2independently selected from linear or cyclic, saturated and unsaturated, alkyl and aryl radicals, the said esters have a molecular weight from about 80 to about 550 atomic mass.

In accordance with the present invention offers a refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat pump containing composition, which is described in the previous paragraph. In particular, the refrigerating machine or device for air conditioning can be a mobile device.

In addition, in accordance with the specific option for its implementation, the present invention relates to a method of improving oil return to the compressor in a compression refrigeration system, the device for air conditioning or reverse heat engine. The method consists in applying the composition described in the above paragraph, in a compression refrigerating machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine.

In accordance with another specific option for its implementation, the present invention relates to a composition that contains (a)at least one ultra-violet fluorescent dye selected from the group which includes naphthalimides, perylenes, coumarins, anthracene, phenantrene, xanthene, tioksantena, nattokinase, fluoresceine derived above is the like, and combinations thereof; and (b) a composition selected from the group comprising: from about 1 wt%. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1234yf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1243zf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-134a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-227ea and from about 1% wt. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. CF3I.

In accordance with this invention proposes a method of detecting composition, which contains the dye described in the previous paragraph, in a compression refrigerating machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine. This act is about includes the introduction of the composition in these devices and the use of appropriate means for detection of the specified composition at the point of diversion or near the specified device.

In accordance with the present invention offers a refrigerating machine, a device for air conditioning or heat pump that contain the composition, the above two paragraphs earlier. In particular, the refrigerating machine or device for air conditioning can be a mobile device.

Further, in accordance with this particular embodiment of the present invention, the composition comprising (a) and (b) and the above three paragraphs earlier, in addition, contains a solubilizer selected from the group that includes hydrocarbons, dimethyl ether, polyoxyethyleneglycol esters, amides, ketones, NITRILES, chloropentyl, esters, lactones, aryl ethers, ethers, fluorinated hydrocarbons and 1,1,1-triptorelin.

In accordance with this invention proposes a method of detecting composition, which contains the dye described in the previous paragraph, in a compression refrigerating machine, the device for air conditioning or reverse thermal machine. This method includes the introduction of the composition in these devices and the use of appropriate means for detection of the specified composition at the point of diversion or near the specified device.

The solubilizer in the composition given in the previous paragraphs, selected from the group which includes: (i) polyoxyethyleneglycol esters, represented by the formula, R1[(OR2)xOR3]ywhere: x denotes an integer from 1 to 3; y denotes an integer from 1 to 4; R1selected from a hydrogen atom and aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms and y locations for linking; R2selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms; R3selected from a hydrogen atom and aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; at least one of R1and R3selected of these hydrocarbon radicals; these polyoxyethyleneglycol ethers have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; (ii) amides represented by the formula R1C(O)NR2R3and cyclo-[R4CON(R5)-], where R1, R2, R3and R5independently selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, and at most one aromatic radical having from 6 to 12 atoms; R4selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 3 to 12 carbon atoms; molecular weight of these amides is from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; (iii) ketones represented by the formula, R1C(O)R2, where the R 1and R2independently selected from aliphatic, alicyclic and aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, the said ketones have a molecular weight from about 70 to about 300 atomic mass; (iv) NITRILES represented by the formula, R1CN, where R1selected from aliphatic, alicyclic or aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, the said NITRILES have a molecular weight from about 90 to about 200 atomic mass; v) chloropeta represented by the formula RClxwhere x is 1 or 2; R is selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms; the said chloropeta have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 200 atomic mass; (vi) aryl ethers represented by the formula, R1OR2where: R1selected from aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; R2selected from aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and the aryl ethers have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 150 atomic mass; (vii) 1,1,1-triptoreline represented by the formula CF3R1where R1selected from aliphatic the alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals, having from about 5 to about 15 carbon atoms; (viii) fluorinated ethers represented by the formula, R1OCF2CF2H, where R1selected from aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbon radicals having from about 5 to about 15 carbon atoms; or where these fluorinated ethers derived from fluorinated olefins and polyols, where these fluorinated olefins are of type CF2=CXY, where X denotes a hydrogen atom, a chlorine or fluorine, and Y denotes a chlorine atom, a fluorine atom, CF3or orfwhere Rfmeans CF3C2F5or C3F7; where these polyols are linear or branched, these linear polyols are polyols of the type of NON2(SNON)x(CRR')yCH2OH, where R and R' represent a hydrogen atom or CH3or2H5where x denotes an integer equal to 0 to 4, y represents an integer equal to 0 to 3, and z is either zero or 1; and these branched polyols are polyols of the type C(OH)t(R)u(CH2OH)v[(CH2)mCH2OH]wwhere R may denote a hydrogen atom, CH3or2H5m denotes an integer equal to from 0 to 3, t and u are equal to 0 or 1, v and w denote integers from 0 to 4, while t+u+v+w=4; xi) the lacquer is ony, represented by structures [B], [C] and [D]:

where the group R1for R8independently selected from a hydrogen atom or a linear, branched, cyclic, bicyclic, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon radicals and where the molecular weight is from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; and x) esters represented by the General formula R1CO2R2where R1and R2independently selected from linear or cyclic, saturated and unsaturated, alkyl and aryl radicals, the said esters have a molecular weight from about 80 to about 550 atomic mass.

Specific composition, which contains the above compatibilization, or which contains the above dye, or which contains the above dye and the solubilizer may be used in the method of obtaining cold. A method of obtaining cold is the evaporation of the specified composition near the object to be cooled, followed by or specified composition. The following specific compositions can also be used in the method of obtaining heat. Heat generation is or specified composition near the object to be heated, after the respective evaporation of the specified composition.

In accordance with another variant of its implementation present invention relates to a method of solubilization of the composition of the refrigerant or liquid coolant of the present invention in lubricating and cooling agent selected from the group which includes mineral oil, alkyl benzenes, synthetic paraffins, synthetic naphthenes, and poly(alpha)olefins, with the specified method comprises contacting the specified lubricant-coolant with the specified composition of the refrigerant or liquid coolant in the presence of an effective amount of compatibilizer where specified compatibilizer selected from the group which includes:

a) polyoxyethyleneglycol esters represented by the formula, R1[(OR2)xOR3]ywhere: x denotes an integer from 1 to 3; y denotes an integer from 1 to 4; R1selected from a hydrogen atom and aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms and y locations for linking; R2selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms; R3selected from a hydrogen atom and aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; at least one of R1and R3selected of these hydrocarbon radicals; the said polyoxyalkylene Kolavia ethers have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; b) amides represented by the formula R1C(O)NR2R3and cyclo-[R4CON(R5)-], where R1, R2, R3and R5independently selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, and at most one aromatic radical having from 6 to 12 atoms; R4selected from aliphatic alkilinity radicals having from 3 to 12 carbon atoms; molecular weight of these amides is from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; (c) ketones represented by the formula, R1C(O)R2where R1and R2independently selected from aliphatic, alicyclic and aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms, the said ketones have a molecular weight from about 70 to about 300 atomic mass; (d) NITRILES represented by the formula, R1CN, where R1selected from aliphatic, alicyclic or aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 5 to 12 carbon atoms, the said NITRILES have a molecular weight from about 90 to about 200 atomic mass; (e) chloropeta represented by the formula RClxwhere x is 1 or 2; R is selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms; while these chloropeta have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 200 atomic mass; f) aryl ethers represented by the formula, R1OR2where: R1selected from aryl hydrocarbon radicals having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms; R2selected from aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and the aryl ethers have a molecular weight from about 100 to about 150 atomic mass; (g) 1,1,1-triptoreline represented by the formula CF3R1where R1selected from aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon radicals having from about 5 to about 15 carbon atoms; (h) fluorinated ethers represented by the formula, R1OCF2CF2H, where R1selected from aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbon radicals having from about 5 to about 15 carbon atoms; or where these fluorinated ethers derived from fluorinated olefins and polyols, where these fluorinated olefins are of type CF2=CXY, where X denotes a hydrogen atom, a chlorine or fluorine, and Y denotes a chlorine atom, a fluorine atom, CF3or orfwhere Rfmeans CF3C2F5or C3F7; where these polyols are polyols of the type HOCH2CRR'(CH2)z(CHOH)xCH2(CH2OH)ywhere R and R' represent a hydrogen atom or the N 3or2H5where x denotes an integer equal to 0 to 4, y represents an integer equal to 0 to 3, and z is either zero or 1; (i) lactones represented by structures [B], [C] and [D]:

where the group R1for R8independently selected from a hydrogen atom or a linear, branched, cyclic, bicyclic, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon radicals and where the molecular weight is from about 100 to about 300 atomic mass; and (j) esters represented by the General formula R1CO2R2where R1and R2independently selected from linear or cyclic, saturated and unsaturated, alkyl and aryl radicals, the said esters have a molecular weight from about 80 to about 550 atomic mass.

In a specific embodiment of the present invention the composition of the refrigerant or heat transfer fluid (HTF described in the above paragraphs, selected from the group in which the specified refrigerant or heat transfer fluid is a composition selected from the group comprising: from about 1 wt%. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and from closer is correctly 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1234yf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. HFC-1225ye and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-1243zf; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-134a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-152a; about 1% of the mass. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. HFC-227ea and from about 1% wt. to about 99% of the mass. TRANS-HFC-1234ze and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 1% of the mass. CF3I.

In accordance with another variant of its implementation present invention relates to foam compositions, which include compositions containing fluorinated olefins of the present invention, described herein, for use in order to obtain foams. In accordance with other variants of its implementation in the present invention proposes able to foam the composition, and preferably polyurethane and polyisocyanate composition of the foams, as well as the method of obtaining prop astow. In such embodiments, foam, one or more compositions containing fluorinated olefins, included as foaming able to foam the composition, the composition preferably includes one or more additional components capable of interaction and foaming under appropriate conditions with the formation of foam or cellular structure. In accordance with options for obtaining foams of the present invention can be used or can be adapted to use any of the methods well known from the field of technology, such as described in “Polyurethanes Chemistry and Technology,” Volumes I and II, Saunders and Frisch, 1962, John Wiley and Sons, New York, N.Y., which is incorporated in this description by reference.

In addition, the present invention relates to a method of producing foam, which includes: (a) adding containing fluorinated olefin compositions of the present invention to able to foam the composition, and (b) the interaction is able to foam the composition under conditions suitable for the formation of foam.

In accordance with another variant of its implementation present invention relates to a use described in this description of compositions containing fluorinated olefins, as propellants capable of aspilates compositions. In addition, the present invention relates to a can sprayed compositions that include compositions containing fluorinated olefins, in the present description. In able to be sprayed compositions can also be present in the active ingredients that are intended to be sprayed together with the inert ingredients, solvents and other substances. Able to be sprayed composition is preferably an aerosol. Suitable active substances for spraying include, without limitation, cosmetic products such as deodorants, perfumes, sprays, hair, cleaning and polishing agent tools, medical tools, such as medications for asthma and means to eliminate the bad breath.

In addition, the present invention relates to a method of producing aerosol products, which includes a step of adding a composition containing fluorinated olefins, in the present description, the active ingredients in an aerosol container, with this composition performs the function of a propellant.

Another aspect of the present invention are the elimination of the flame, while these methods include contacting the flame with a liquid, which is a composition of the present invention, fluorine is nesennye olefins. Can be any suitable means of contacting the flame with the compositions of the present invention. For example, the composition of the present invention containing fluorinated olefins, can be sprayed, poured, etc. on the flame, or at least part of the flame, can be dipped in a composition intended for the elimination of flame. Using this description, the experts will easily be able to adapt a variety of conventional devices and methods for removing flame for use in accordance with the present description.

In yet another embodiment, the present invention provides methods of fire fighting or fire suppression according to the method of irrigation with complete filling of providing a cooking agent, which is a composition of the present invention containing fluorinated olefins; supply of the specified agent injection system pressure and leak-specified agent to the surface to eliminate or suppress the fire on the surface.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides methods inarticulacy surface to prevent fire or fire involving cooking agent, which is a composition of the present invention containing fluorinated OLE the ins; supply the specified agent injection system pressure and leak-specified agent in the specified surface to prevent fire or ignition.

The term “liquidation” is usually used to refer to the complete elimination of fire, while the term “suppression” is often used to denote a reduction, but not complete elimination of fire or ignition. In the present description, the terms “liquidation” and “suppression” will be used as equivalent. There are four main options apply halogenosilanes for fire protection and fire. (1) Elimination and/or suppression of fire and ignition by irrigation with complete filling, the tool serves in a certain amount with the aim of creating a concentration sufficient to eliminate or suppress arisen flame. Using the full population includes protection of enclosed spaces where potentially there may be people, such as computer rooms, and specialized spaces where people often missing, such as gondolas engines or engine space in the moving media. (2) blasting agent directly sent to the fire or in the area of the fire. This is usually performed with the use of manually operated tools, which are equipped with wheels, and portable tools. In the second method, considered as a variant of blasting, is “localized” system, from which the tool is directed at the fire through one or more fixed nozzles. Localized system can be activated both manually and automatically. (3) the suppression of the ignition composition of the present invention containing fluorinated olefins, served to suppress an already existing flame. In this embodiment, use of fire extinguishers usually use the term “suppression”because the ignition is usually samoogranichilas. However, this term does not necessarily mean that the ignition is not lifted using the specified tools. In this embodiment, use of fire extinguishers usually use the sensor to detect the distribution of the ball of fire from the ignition and extinguishing agent quickly filled to suppress inflammation. Suppression of ignition used mainly, but not necessarily, for protective purposes. (4) When inertion composition of the present invention containing fluorinated olefins, served in a certain space to prevent ignition or prevent the occurrence of fire. Often used system that is similar or identical to that used the ri elimination or suppression of fire on the method of irrigation. Usually the work is carried out in hazardous conditions (e.g., the presence of dangerous concentrations of flammable or explosive gases), and the composition of the present invention containing fluorinated olefins, serves to prevent the fire or to prevent the occurrence of fire as long as a specified condition is corrected.

The elimination of fire can be done by introducing the composition in a limited area surrounding the fire. You can enter the composition, using any known methods, provided that appropriate intervals of time served appropriate amount of the composition. For example, the composition can be introduced in the form of a stream, in particular, using portable or stationary) equipment for fire suppression; you can enter by creating a mist; or by irrigation, in particular, an overlap (using appropriate piping, valves and control units) composition in a closed space surrounding the fire. The composition optionally can be combined with an inert gas propellant, such as nitrogen, argon, decomposition products glycidylether polymers or carbon dioxide in order to increase the feed rate of the composition of the equipment used for flooding or irrigation.

The process of fire suppression preferably includes a supply of p is evidenoe in the present description of the composition, containing fluorinated olefins, in a fire or flame in an amount sufficient to eliminate fire or flame. The specialist should be clear that the number of damper flame necessary for the elimination of specific fire depends on the type and severity. In the case when the damper flame is introduced by irrigation, to determine the amount or concentration of the quencher flame required for fire suppression of a specific type or size, you can use the data obtained by the method of Cup burner.

Laboratory tests suitable for determining ranges of effective concentrations of compositions containing fluorinated olefins, when they are used for the elimination or suppression of fire in the method of irrigation with complete filling or in the method of inarticulacy are, for example, in U.S. patent No. 5759430.

EXAMPLES

Example 1

The impact of vapor leakage

In a vessel put the original composition at a temperature or minus 25°C, or, if specifically specified, 25°C and measure the initial value of the vapor pressure of the composition. The composition is allowed to evaporate from the vessel, thus maintain a constant temperature until until it is deleted 50% of the mass. the original song, and at this point measure the vapor pressure of the composition remaining in the vessel. The results lead is received in Table 9.

td align="left"> 117 81td align="left"> 0,6%
Table 9
Composition, % mass.Initial pressure (psig)Initial pressure (kPa)After 50%diversion (psi)After a 50%leakage (kPa)The pressure difference (%)
HFC-1234yf/HFC-32
7,4/92,649,233949,23390,0%
1/9949,233949,23390,0%
20/8049,033848,83370,3%
40/6047,532747,03241,0%
57/4344,9309 40,52809,6%
58/4244,630840,127610,2%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-125
10,9/89,140,828140,82810,0%
1/99of 40.327840,22770,0%
20/8040,5279of 40.32780,4%
40/6038,726737,02554,4%
50/5037,425834,0 2359,0%
51/4937,325733,72329,6%
52/4837,125633,322910,3%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134
1/9911,781the 11.6800,7%
10/9012,88812,2844,5%
20/8013,79513,0895,6%
40/6015,210514,61014.1 per cent/td>
60/4016,311316,01102,0%
80/2017,211917,11180,6%
90/1017,6121of 17.51210,2%
99/117,812317,81230,0%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a
70,4/29,618,412718,41270,0%
80/2018,312618,31260,1%
90/1018,212518,11250,1%
99/117,912317,91230,1%
40/6017,912317,81230,7%
20/80of 17.011716,71151,7%
10/9016,411316,11111,5%
1/99the 15.6107the 15.61070,3%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a
91,0/9,0 17,912317,91230,0%
99/117,912317,81230,1%
60/4017,412017,21190,7%
40/6016,611516,41131,6%
20/8015,710815,41062,0%
10/9015,110414,91031,5%
1/9914,610014,51000,2%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-161
1/99to 25.3174to 25.31740,0%
10/9025,217425,21740,1%
20/8024,917224,81710,8%
40/6023,816423,21602,6%
60/4022,015221,31473,2%
80/2019,813719,51341,9%
90/1018,812918,6128 0,9%
99/117,912317,91230,1%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-143a
17,3/82,739,527239,52720,0%
10/9039,327139,32710,1%
1/9938,726738,62660,1%
40/60a 38.5266of 37.82601,9%
60/4036,325032,82269,5%
61/3936,124932,422310,2%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-227ea
84,6/15,418,012418,01240,0%
90/1018,012418,01240,0%
99/117,912317,91230,0%
60/4017,612117,41201,2%
40/6016,711515,81095,4%
29/71 15,810914,2989,7%
28/7215,710814,19710,2%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-236fa
99/117,812217,71220,2%
90/10of 17.011716,61152,4%
80/2016,211215,41065,1%
70/3015,310614,0978,5%
66/3415,0 13,59310,0%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-1225ye
1/99the 11.68011,5790,5%
10/9012,68712,2843,2%
20/8013,59312,9894,3%
40/6015,010314.4V993,7%
60/4016,211115,81092,2%
80/2017,1118-16,90,9%
90/10of 17.512017,41200,3%
99/117,812317,81230,0%
HFC-1234yf/TRANS-HFC-1234ze
1/9911,37811,3780,4%
10/9012,28411,8813,3%
20/8013,19012,5864,6%
40/6014,610114,096 4,3%
60/4015,810915,41062,7%
80/2016,911716,71151,1%
90/1017,4120the 17.31190,5%
99/117,812317,81230,1%
HFC-1234yf/HFC-1243zf
1/9913,19013,0900,2%
10/9013,79413,5931,6%
20/8014,39914,0972,4%
40/6015,510715,11042,2%
60/4016,411316,21121,4%
80/2017,211917,11180,5%
90/10of 17.5121of 17.51210,2%
99/1,17,812317,81230,0%
HFC-1234yf/propane
51,5/48,5 33,523133,52310,0%
60/40the 33.423033,32290,4%
80/20of 31.822029,02008,9%
81/1931,721828,519610,0%
40/6033,323033,12280,6%
20/8032,122131,22152,9%
10/9031,021430,22082,6%
1/9929,620429,5 2030,4%
HFC-1234yf/n-butane
98,1/1,917,912317,91230,0%
99/117,912317,91230,0%
100/017,812317,81230,0%
80/2016,911616,11114,4%
70/3016,211214.4V9910,8%
71/2916,311214,6101 9,9%
HFC-1234yf/isobutane
88,1/11,919,013119,01310,0%
95/518,712918,61280,7%
99/118,112518,01240,6%
60/4017,912316,011010,3%
61/3917,912316,21129,4%
HFC-1234yf/DME
53,5/46,513,19013,1900,0%
40/6013,39213,2910,7%
20/8014,19713,9961,3%
10/9014,39914,3980,5%
1/9914,510014,51000,0%
80/2014,510014,0963,3%
90/1015,810915,31053,5%
99/117,6 121of 17.51210,6%
HFC-1234yf/CF3SCF3
1/9912,183to 12.0830,2%
10/9012,989a 12.7872,0%
20/8013,895the 13.4922,8%
40/6015,110414,71012,7%
60/4016,211215,91101,9%
80/2017,1118 16,91170,9%
90/10of 17.512017,41200,5%
99/117,812317,81230,0%
HFC-1234yf/CF3I
1/99to 12.083to 12.0830,2%
10/9012,989a 12.7871,7%
20/8013,79413,3922,6%
40/6015,110414,7 1012,7%
60/4016,211115,81092,0%
80/2017,111816,91161,1%
90/10of 17.512017,41200,5%
99/117,812317,81230,1%
HFC-125/HFC-1234yf/isobutane (25°C)
85,1/11,5/3,4201,31388201,313880,0%
HFC-125/HFC-1234yf/n-butane (25°C)
67/32/1194,41340190,213112,2%
HFC-32/ HFC-125/HFC-1234yf (25°C)
40/50/10240,61659239,316500,5%
23/25/52212,61466192,913309,3%
15/45/40213,21470201,313885,6%
10/60/30213,01469206,014203,3%
HFC-1225ye/TRANS-HFC-1234ze
63,0/37,011,78111,7810,0%
80/20the 11.680the 11.6800,0%
90/10the 11.680the 11.6800,1%
99/111,57911,5790,0%
60/4011,78111,7810,0%
40/60the 11.680the 11.6800,1%
20/8011,57911,4 790,2%
10/9011,37811,3780,1%
1/9911,27711,2770,1%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1243zf
40,0/60,013,69413,6940,0%
20/80the 13.493the 13.4920,1%
10/9013,29113,2910,2%
1/9913,09013,0900,0%
60/40the 13.492the 13.4920,4%
80/2012,88812,6871,4%
90/1012,38512,1831,5%
99/1the 11.68011,5790,3%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134
52,2/47,812,88812,8880,0%
80/2012,48512,3850,6%
90/10/td> to 12.08311,9820,8%
99/111,57911,5790,2%
40/60a 12.788a 12.7870,2%
20/8012,38512,2840,8%
10/90to 12.08311,9820,9%
1/99the 11.680the 11.6800,2%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a
1/9915,5 10715,51070,0%
10/9015,210515,21050,3%
20/8015,010314,91030,5%
40/6014.4V9914,2981,0%
60/4013,694the 13.4931,4%
80/20a 12.78812,5861,6%
90/1012,284to 12.0831,3%
99/111,58011,5790,2
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a
7,3/of 92.714,510014,51000,0%
1/9914,510014,51000,0%
40/6014,29814,2980,4%
60/4013,79513,6931,1%
80/2012,989a 12.7871,5%
90/1012,28412,1831,1%
9/1 11,58011,5790,1%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-161a
1/9925,217425,21740,0%
10/9024,917224,81710,6%
20/8024,516924,01652,0%
40/6022,915821,41486,5%
56/4420,914418,813010,0%
99/111,7the 11.6801,0%
90/1014,19713,0907,5%
84/1615,510714,0969,9%
83/1715,810914,29810,2%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-227ea
1/9910,06910,0690,0%
10/90the 10.170the 10.1700,2%
20/8010,37110,3 710,2%
40/6010,67310,6730,4%
60/4010,97510,9750,4%
80/2011,27711,2770,3%
90/1011,37811,3780,1%
99/111,57911,5790,0%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-236ea
99/111,47911,479 0,0%
90/1011,37811,2770,5%
80/2011,07510,7742,0%
60/4010,2709,4658,3%
57/43the 10.1699,1639,9%
56/4410,0699,06210,6%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-236fa
99/111,47911,4790,1%
90/10 11,17711,0761,1%
80/2010,77410,4722,4%
60/409,8689,2636,6%
48/529,2638,25710,0%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-245fa
99/111,47911,4780,3%
90/1010,97510,6732,5%
80/2010,4 729,8685,7%
70/309,9688,9619,9%
69/219,8688,86010,5%
HFC-1225ye/propane
29,7/70,330,420930,42090,0%
20/8030,320930,22080,2%
10/9030,020729,92060,4%
1/9929,52039,5 2030,1%
60/4029,520328,51973,3%
72/2828,419525,61769,8%
73/2728,219525,217410,8%
HFC-1225ye/n-butane
89,5/10,512,38512,3850,0%
99/111,781the 11.6800,9%
80/2012,284to 12.08 1,5%
65/3511,78010,5729,9%
64/36the 11.68010,47110,9%
HFC-1225ye/isobutane
79,3/20,713,99613,9960,0%
90/1013,69413,3922,4%
99/111,982the 11.6802,8%
60/4013,59313,0894,1%
50/5013,19111,9829,6%
49/5113,19011,88110,2%
HFC-1225ye/DME
82,1/17,910,87410,8740,0%
90/1010,97510,9750,3%
99/111,47811,4780,2%
60/4011,57911,2772,4%
40/60 12,88812,1844,8%
20/8013,99613,5933,0%
10/9014,39814,1971,1%
1/9914,510014.4V1000,1%
HFC-1225ye/CF3I
1/9911,98211,9820,0%
10/9011,98211,8820,1%
20/8011,8 8111,8810,0%
40/6011,78011,7800,0%
60/40the 11.680the 11.6800,0%
80/2011,57911,5790,0%
90/1011,57911,5790,0%
99/111,57911,5790,0%
HFC-1225ye/CF3SCF3
37,0/63,012,486 12,4860,0%
20/8012,38512,3850,1%
10/9012,28412,2840,1%
1/99to 12.083to 12.0830,1%
60/4012,38512,3850,2%
80/20to 12.08311,9820,4%
90/1011,78111,7810,3%
99/111,57911,5790,1%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-152a (25°C)
76/9/1581,356180,55551,0%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-161 (25°C)
86/10/482,1566an 80.25532,3%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/isobutane (25°C)
87/10/3of 83.457580,35543,7%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/DME (25°C)
87/10/377,253276,05241,6%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/isobutane (25°C)
85/13/281,256079,35472,3%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-152a/DME (25°C)
85/13/276,652876,05240,8%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-134a (25°C)
70/20/1086,059384,05792,3%
20/70/10of 98.267797,56720,7%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-152a (25°C)
70/25/585,1587of 83.45752,0%
25/70/595,465894,96540,5%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/HFC-125 (25°C)
25/71/4 105,872996,36649,0%
75/21/4to 89.561783,05727,3%
75/24/185,358882,35673,5%
25/74/198,067695,16563,0%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-1234yf/CF3I (25°C)
40/40/2087,560386,05931,7%
45/45/10of 89.161487,76051,6%
HFC-1225ye/HFC-134a/HFC-152a/HFC-32 (25°C)
74/8/17/186,159481,55625,3%
HFC-125/HFC-1225ye/isobutane (25°C)
85,1/11,5/3,4186,21284179,212363,8%
HFC-32/HFC-125/ HFC-1225ye (25°C)
30/40/30212,71467to 194.613428,5%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/Cys - FC-1234ze
99/111,17711,1760,4%
90/1010,572the 10.1703,4%
80/209,8689,1637,1%
73/279,3648,4589,9%
72/289,3648,35710,3%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-1243zf
17,0/83,013,090 13,0900,0%
10/9013,09013,0900,0%
1/9913,09013,0900,0%
40/6012,98912,9890,1%
60/4012,68712,5860,6%
80/2012,183to 12.0820,8%
90/1011,780the 11.6800,7%
99/111,27711,2770,1%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-134
45,7/54,312,58612,5860,0%
60/4012,48512,4850,2%
80/20to 12.08311,9820,7%
90/1011,780the 11.6800,7%
99/111,27711,2770,1%
20/8012,28412,2840,4%
10/90 11,98211,9820,6%
1/99the 11.680the 11.6800,1%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-134a
9,5/90,515,510715,51070,0%
1/9915,510715,51070,0%
40/6015,110415,01030,9%
60/4014,39914,0962,5%
80/2013,1 9012,6874,0%
90/1012,38511,9823,3%
99/111,37811,3780,5%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-152a
21,6/78,414,610114,61010,0%
10/9014,610114,61010,0%
1/9914,510014,51000,0%
40/6014,5100 14,51000,1%
60/4014,19713,9961,1%
80/2013,29112,8882,5%
90/1012,485to 12.0832,6%
99/111,37811,3780,4%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-161a
1/9925,217425,21740,0%
10/9025,017224,8 1710,6%
20/8024,516924,01652,1%
40/6022,8157of 21.21467,0%
52/4821,314719,21329,9%
53/47of 21.214619,013110,2%
99/111,57911,3781,2%
90/1013,89512,6878,6%
88/1214,39912,9899,5%
87/1310013,19010,0%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-227ea
59,2/40,811,78111,7810,0%
40/60the 11.68011,5790,3%
20/8011,17610,9751,3%
10/9010,67310,2721,3%
1/9910,06910,0690,2%
80/20the 11.6 8011,5800,2%
90/1011,47911,4780,3%
99/111,27711,2770,0%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-236ea
99/111,27711,2770,0%
90/1011,07611,0760,4%
80/2010,87510,6731,6%
60/4010,27095 666,6%
54/469,9699,0629,5%
53/479,9688,96110,1%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-236fa
99/111,27711,2770,1%
90/1010,97510,8750,8%
80/2010,67310,4712,0%
60/409,8679,364 5,4%
44/569,0628,1569,7%
43/578,9628,05510,1%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/FC-245fa
99/111,27711,1770,2%
90/1010,77410,5732,0%
80/2010,3719,8684,7%
70/309,8689,0628,2%
67/33the 9.7678,7609,7%
66/349,6668,76010,2%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/propane
28,5/71,530,320930,32090,0%
10/9030,020629,92060,3%
1/9929,520329,52030,1%
40/6030,220830,12070,4%
60/40 29,320228,31953,4%
71/2928,419625,71779,3%
72/2828,319525,417510,2%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane
88,6/11,411,98211,9820,0%
95/511,78111,7800,7%
99/111,47811,3780,6%
70/3011,5 7911,0764,2%
62/3811,27710,2709,3%
61/3911,27710,06910,1%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane
77,9/22,112,98912,9890,0%
90/1012,68712,4851,6%
99/111,47911,3781,1%
60/4012,687 12,3852,4%
39/6111,78110,6739,8%
38/6211,78110,57210,1%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/DME
84,1/15,910,87410,8740,0%
90/1010,87510,8750,0%
99/111,17711,1770,0%
60/4011,57911,3 2,2%
40/60a 12.78812,2844,4%
20/8013,99613,5932,9%
10/9014,39814,1971,0%
1/9914,510014,51000,0%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/CF3SCF3
34,3/65,7a 12.787a 12.7870,0%
20/8012,68712,687 0,2%
10/9012,48512,3850,3%
1/99to 12.083to 12.0830,1%
60/4012,48612,4850,5%
80/20to 12.08211,8811,1%
90/10the 11.68011,5790,9%
99/111,27711,2770,2%
TRANS-HFC-1234ze/CF3I
1/9911,98211,9820,0%
10/9011,98211,9820,0%
20/8011,88111,8810,0%
40/60the 11.680the 11.6800,1%
60/4011,47911,4790,1%
80/2011,37811,3780,1%
90/1011,37811,2770,1%
99/111,27711,2 770,0%
HFC-32/HFC-125/TRANS-HFC-1234ze (25°C)
30/40/30221,51527209,414445,5%
30/50/20227,51569220,215183,2%
HFC-125/TRANS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane (25°C)
66/32/2180,41244170,311745,6%
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134/td>
63,0/37,013,59313,5930,0%
80/20the 13.493the 13.4920,1%
90/1013,29113,2910,2%
99/113,09013,0900,0%
40/6013,39213,3910,5%
20/80a 12.78812,6871,3%
10/9012,38412,1831,5%
1/99the 11.60 the 11.6800,3%
HFC-1243zf/HFC-134a
25,1/74,915,911,015,91100,0%
10/9015,810915,81090,1%
1/9915,510715,51070,1%
40/6015,810915,81090,2%
60/4015,310615,11041,2%
80/2014.4V9914, 972,1%
90/1013,89513,5931,7%
99/113,19013,0900,2%
HFC-1243zf/HFC-152a
40,7/59,315,210415,21040,0%
20/8015,010315,01030,2%
10/9014,810214,71020,3%
1/9914,510014,5100 0,1%
60/4015,010314,91030,3%
80/2014.4V9914,2981,1%
90/1013,89513,6941,2%
99/113,19013,1900,2%
HFC-1243zf/HFC-161
1/9925,217425,21740,0%
10/9024,917224,81710,3%
20/8024,516924,21670,9%
40/6023,316022,61562,9%
60/40a 21.514820,11396,3%
78/2218,813016,911710,0%
90/1016,211114,61019,5%
99/1the 13.49213,1901,7%
HFC-1243zf/HFC-227ea
78,5/a 21.5 13,19013,1900,0%
90/1013,19013,1900,0%
99/113,09013,0900,0%
60/4013,09013,0890,2%
40/6012,68712,5861,1%
20/8011,88111,5792,7%
10/9011,17610,7742,8%
1/99the 10.16910,069
HFC-1243zf/HFC-236ea
99/113,08913,0890,0%
90/1012,888a 12.7870,5%
80/2012,58612,3841,8%
60/4011,78111,0766,6%
53/4711,47910,3719,9%
52/4811,47810,27010,5%
HFC-1243zf/HFC-236fa
99/113,08912,9890,1%
90/1012,68712,5861,0%
80/2012,28411,9822,5%
60/4011,37810,5736,6%
49/5110,6739,6669,9%
48/5210,6739,56510,2%
HFC-1243zf/HFC-245fa
99/112,98912,9890,2%
90/1012,58612,2842,1%
80/20to 12.08311,4794,6%
70/3011,57910,6737,9%
66/3411,37810,2709,6%
65/3511,277the 10.16910,2%
HFC-1243zf/propane
32,8/67,231,021331,02130,0%
10/9030,320930,12070,7%
1/9929,520429,52030,1%
60/4030,120829,22013,2%
72/2829,020026,118010,2%
71/2929,220126,51829,3%
HFC-1243zf/n-butane
90,3/9,713,59313,5930,0%
99/113,19013,1900,2%
62/3812,68711,4799,4%
61/3912,68711,37810,3%
HFC-1243zf/isobutane
80,7/19,314,39814,3980,0%
90/1014,19714,0 960,9%
99/113,29113,1900,7%
60/4013,895the 13.4923,2%
45/5513,19111,9829,5%
44/5613,19011,88110,1%
HFC-1243zf/DME
72,7/27,3to 12.083to 12.0830,0%
90/1012,48512,3850,5%
99/112,98912,9890,1%
60/4012,28412,1840,5%
40/6013,090a 12.7882,2%
20/8014,09613,7952,0%
10/9014,39914,2980,6%
1/9914,510014,51000,0%
CIS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-236ea (25°C)
20,9/79,130,320930,32090,0%
10/9030,220830,22080,0%
1/9929,920629,92060,0%
40/6030,020730,02070,2%
60/4029,220128,91990,9%
80/2027,819127,41891,4%
90/1026,818526,51831,1%
99/125,9178 25,81780,2%
CIS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-236fa (25°C)
1/9939,327139,32710,0%
10/9038,626638,42650,3%
20/8037,625937,32570,9%
40/6035,424434,52382,5%
60/4032,8226of 31.42164,3%
78/2229,620428,2 1954,8%
90/1027,819226,91853,4%
99/126,017925,81780,5%
CIS-HFC-1234ze/HFC-245fa (25°C)
76,2/23,726,218026,21800,0%
90/1026,017926,01790,0%
99/125,817825,81780,0%
60/4026,017925,9179 0,2%
40/60to 25.317425,01730,9%
20/8023,9164231621,7%
10/9022,8157221551,5%
1/9921,6149211490,2%
CIS-HFC-1234ze/n-butane
51,4/48,66,1426,1420,0%
80/205,8405,2369,3%
81/195,8405,23610,4%
40/606,1426,0410,7%
20/805,8405,6393,3%
10/905,638of 5.4373,1%
1/995,3365,2360,6%
CIS-HFC-1234ze/isobutane
26,2/73,88,7608,7600,0%
10/90,7 608,6590,3%
1/998,5598,5590,0%
40/608,7608,6600,5%
60/408,4588,0554,3%
70/308,1567,35010,3%
69/318,2567,4519,4%
CIS-HFC-1234ze/2-methylbutane (25°C)
86,6/13,427,3 18827,31880,0%
90/1027,218727,21870,1%
99/126,018025,91790,5%
60/4025,817824,01666,9%
55/45to 25.317422,815710,0%
CIS-HFC-1234ze/n-pentane (25°C)
92,9/9,126,218126,21810,0%
99/125,9178 25,91780,1%
80/2025,617725,21741,8%
70/3024,817123,51625,6%
64/3624,316722,01529,2%
63/3724,216721,81509,9%
HFC-1234ye/HFC-134 (25°C)
1/9975,952375,85230,1%
10/9073,850973,0 5031,1%
20/8071,349169,04763,1%
38/6266,0455to 59.64119,7%
39/6165,7453of 58.940610,2%
HFC-1234ye/HFC-236ea (-25°C)
24,0/76,03,4233,4230,0%
10/903,3233,3230,3%
1/993,3233,323 0,0%
40/603,3233,3230,0%
60/403,2223,2220,9%
80/203,1213,0211,6%
90/102,9202,9201,4%
99/12,8192,8190,0%
HFC-1234ye/HFC-236fa (25°C)
1/9939,227039,22700,1%
37,726037,32571,1%
20/8036,124935,22432,5%
40/6032,822631,02135,7%
60/4029,320226,71848,8%
78/2225,417523,11599,1%
90/1023,216021,71506,3%
99/121,014520,81440,8%
HFC-1234ye/HFC-245fa (25°C)
42,5/57,522,815722,81570,0%
20/8022,515522,41550,3%
10/9022,115222,01520,3%
1/99a 21.5148a 21.51480,0%
60/4022,615622,61560,2%
80/2022,0152of 21.91510,6%
90/10a 21.514821,3 1470,6%
99/120,814420,81430,1%
HFC-1234ye/CIS-1234ze (25°C)
1/9925,717725,71770,0%
10/9025,617625,61760,0%
20/80to 25.3175to 25.31740,1%
40/6024,717024,51690,5%
60/4023,716323,516278/2222,415522,21531,2%
90/1021,7149a 21.51480,9%
99/120,914420,81440,1%
HFC-1234ye/n-butane (25°C)
41,2/58,838,026238,02620,0%
20/8037,325737,02550,8%
10/9036,425136,12490,9%
1/9935,424435,32430,2%
60/4037,425836,92541,4%
70/3036,525234,92414,4%
78/2235,3243of 31.82199,9%
79/2135,124231,321610,9%
HFC-1234ye/cyclopentane (25°C)
99/120,714320,71430,0%
90/10 20,314020,01381,0%
80/2019,513418,71294,1%
70/3018,612816,91169,5%
69/3118,512816,611510,3%
HFC-1234ye/isobutane (25°C)
16,4/83,650,935150,93510,0%
10/9050,935150,93510,0%
1/99a 50.5 348a 50.53480,0%
40/6050,134549,63421,0%
60/4047,8330to 45.43135,2%
68/3246,432042,02899,5%
69/3146,231841,428610,3%
HFC-1234ye/2-methylbutane (25°C)
80,3/19,723,115923,11590,0%
90/1022,815722,61561,1%
99/1 of 21.214620,91441,0%
60/4022,515521,71493,6%
47/53a 21.514819,41349,6%
46/5421,414819,213310,1%
HFC-1234ye/n-pentane (25°C)
87,7/12,321,815021,81500,0%
95/5a 21.514921,41480,5%
99/121,0 14520,91440,4%
60/4020,514118,91317,7%
57/4320,314018,31269,7%
56/4420,213918,112510,4%

The difference in the vapor pressure of the original composition and the composition remaining after removed 50% of the mass, for compositions of the present invention is less than approximately 10%. This suggests that the composition of the present invention should be azeotropic or near azeotropic.

Example 2

Performance data cooling

Table 10 presents the performance characteristics of various compositions of the refrigerants of the present invention in comparison with HFC-134a. In Table 10 reduced Pressure. use refers to the pressure in the evaporator Pressure. cond. indicates the pressure in the condenser Comp. o. the pace. denotes the temperature at the outlet of the compressor CP is the means of energy efficiency, and Production. denotes the performance. Data obtained under the following conditions

The evaporator temperature40,0°F (4,4°C)
The temperature of the condenser130,0°F (54,4°C)
The magnitude of hypothermia10,0°F To 5.5°C)
The temperature of the return gasby 60.0°F (15.6°C)

The efficiency of the compressor is 100%.

It should be noted that overheating taken into account in the cooling capacity.

Table 10

A few songs have even greater energy efficiency than HFC-134a, and thus have low values of pressure and temperature at the inlet. The performance of the compositions shown in Table 10, also similar to the value for R-134a, indicating that the song data may serve as refrigerants to replace R-134a in refrigeration and air conditioning and, in particular, when used in mobile air conditioning systems. The results also show that the cooling capacity of HFC-1225ye can p the increase by adding other compounds such as HFC-32, HFC-134a, CO2or HFC-1234yf. Those compositions which contain hydrocarbons, can also improve maslorastvorimye in conventional lubricants based on mineral oils and alkyl benzenes.

Examples 3

Performance data cooling

Table 11 presents the performance characteristics of various compositions of the refrigerants of the present invention in comparison with R404A and R422A. In Table 11 reduced Pressure. use refers to the pressure in the evaporator Pressure. cond. indicates the pressure in the condenser Comp. o. the pace. denotes the temperature at the outlet of the compressor, efficiency means energy efficiency, and Production. denotes the performance. Data obtained under the following conditions

The evaporator temperatureabout 17.8 mln°C
The temperature of the condenser46,1°C
The magnitude of hypothermia5,5°C
The temperature of the return gasthe 15.6°C

The efficiency of the compressor is 70%.

It should be noted that overheating taken into account in the cooling capacity.

Table 11

The energy efficiency of several compositions comparable with values for R404A and R422A. The temperature at the inlet is also lower than for R404A and R507A. The performance of the compositions shown in Table 11, also similar to the value for R404A, R507A and R422A, indicating that the song data may serve as refrigerants to replace R404A, R507A or R422A in refrigeration and air-conditioning. Those compositions which contain hydrocarbons, can also improve maslorastvorimye in conventional lubricants based on mineral oils and alkyl benzenes.

Examples 4

Performance data cooling

Table 12 presents the performance characteristics of various compositions of the refrigerants of the present invention compared to HCFC-22, R410A, R407C and R417A. In Table 12 the reduction in Pressure. use refers to the pressure in the evaporator Pressure. cond. indicates the pressure in the condenser Comp. o. the pace. denotes the temperature at the outlet of the compressor, efficiency means energy efficiency, and Production. denotes the performance. Data obtained under the following conditions

Temperature is the tour of the evaporator 4,4°C
The temperature of the condenser54,4°C
The magnitude of hypothermia5,5°C
The temperature of the return gasthe 15.6°C

The efficiency of the compressor is 100%.

It should be noted that overheating taken into account in the cooling capacity.

Table 12

Energy efficiency compositions comparable with values for R22, R407C, R417A and R410A and are supported low temperature at the inlet. The performance of the compositions shown in Table 12, also similar to the value for R22, R407C or R417A, indicating that the song data may serve as refrigerants for replacing R22, R407C or R417A in refrigeration and air-conditioning. Those compositions which contain hydrocarbons, can also improve maslorastvorimye in conventional lubricants based on mineral oils and alkyl benzenes.

Examples 5

Performance data cooling

Table 13 shows the performance of various compositions of the refrigerants of the present invention compared to HCFC-22 and R410A. In Table 13 reduced Pressure. use refers to the pressure in the evaporator Pressure. cond. about who appoints the pressure in the condenser, Comp. o. the pace. denotes the temperature at the outlet of the compressor, efficiency means energy efficiency, and Production. denotes the performance. Data obtained under the following conditions

The evaporator temperature4°C
The temperature of the condenser43°C
The magnitude of hypothermia6°C
The temperature of the return gas18°C

The efficiency of the compressor is 70%.

It should be noted that overheating taken into account in the cooling capacity.

Table 13

Energy efficiency compositions comparable with values for R22 and R410A and supported by reasonable values of the temperatures at the inlet. The performance of some of the compositions shown in Table 13, also similar to the value for R22, indicating that the song data may serve as refrigerants for R22 replacement when chilled and and air-conditioning. In addition, table 13 shows the composition with performance approaching or equivalent performance for R410A, indicating that the song data may serve as refrigerants to replace R410A cooling and air-conditioning.

Example 6

Flammability

Flammable substances can be identified through testing by the method of ASTM (American society for testing and materials) E-01 with electronic ignition source. Such tests are conducted for HFC-1234yf, HFC-1225ye and mixtures given in the present description, at a pressure of 101 kPa (14.7 psig) 100°C (212°F) and 50%relative humidity at various concentrations in air, in order to determine the lower Flammability limit (LFL) and upper Flammability limit (UFL). The results are shown in Table 14.

Table 14
CompositionLFL (% vol. on the air)UFL (% vol. on the air)
HFC-1225ye (100 wt. -%)Not flammableNot flammable
HFC-1234yf (100 wt. -%)5,014,5
HFC-1234yf/HFC-1225ye (50/50 wt. -%)8,5to 12.0
HFC-1234yf/HFC-1225ye (40/60 wt. -%)Not flammableNot flammable
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32 (60/40 wt. -%)13,0of 17.0
HFC-1225ye/HFC-32 (65/35 wt. -%)Not flammableNot flammable

The results show that while HFC-1234yf flammable, adding HFC-1225ye reduces Flammability. Thus, the preferred are compositions comprising from about 1% wt. to approximately 49% of the mass. HFC-1234yf and about 99% of the mass. to approximately 51% of the mass. HFC-1225ye. The results also show that HFC-1225ye reduces the Flammability of HFC-32 and leads to a non-flammable composition 65/35% of the mass. HFC-1225ye/HFC-32.

1. The composition of the refrigerant or liquid coolant, which includes:
from about 1 wt.% to about 99 wt.% HFC-1234yf and from about 99 wt.% to about 1 wt.% of ammonia.

2. The composition of the refrigerant or liquid coolant according to claim 1, which includes:
from about 1 wt.% to about 97 wt.% HFC-32, from about 1 wt.% to approximately 97 the AC.% ammonia, from about 1 wt.% to about 97 wt.% CF3I.

3. The composition of the refrigerant or liquid coolant according to claim 2, which includes:
from about 1 wt.% to about 60 wt.% HFC-32, from about 1 wt.% to about 60 wt.% ammonia, from about 10 wt.% to about 80 wt.% HFC-1234yf and from about 5 wt.% to about 80 wt.% CF3I.

4. A method of obtaining cold, with the specified method involves evaporation of the specified composition according to any one of claims 1 to 3 near the object to be cooled, with subsequent condensation of the specified composition.

5. The method of obtaining heat, while this method involves the condensation of a specified composition according to any one of claims 1 to 3 near the object to be heated, with subsequent evaporation of the specified composition.

6. The method of replacement refrigerant with large value of GWP in a compression refrigerating machine, a device for air-conditioning or in the reverse thermal machine, with the specified refrigerant with a high GWP value selected from the group which includes R134a, R22, R123, R11, R245fa, R114, R236fa, R124, R12, R410A, R407C, R413A, R417A, R422A, R422B, R422C and R422D, R423A, R507A, R404A, R502 and, with the specified method includes filling the specified refrigeration machine, the specified device for air conditioning or specified reverse heat engine, which is used used or designed for the use of the refrigerant with the large size GWP, the composition according to any one of claims 1 to 3.

7. The method of applying the composition according to any one of claims 1 to 3 as the composition of the liquid coolant, with the specified method includes the transportation of specified composition from the heat source to the heat sink.



 

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FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for developing a new vortex tube design. Vortex tube includes body with energy separation chamber on hot flow outlet side of which there located is deswirler, throttle device and cover, and on cold flow outlet side - diaphragm and nozzle inlet of separated gas. Deswirler is made in the form of one flat spiral located in the centre, and/or several flat spirals located on circles coaxial to vortex tube; those spirals are attached with their edges to the cover and installed so that winding of spiral from its periphery to centre coincides with gas flow rotation direction. Cover is equipped with through holes coaxial to each spiral of deswirler.

EFFECT: increasing operating efficiency of vortex tube at its being used for gas flow division into two flows with low and high temperatures respectively, more beneficial use of energy potential of flow swirled by means of nozzle flow inlet.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: turbine-expansion-engine refrigerator includes container made in the form of chamber, gaseous working medium filling in the container, channel for gaseous working medium circulation with narrowed section available, cross sectional area of which is less than cross sectional area of the rest part of the channel, propeller providing working medium circulation in the channel and the whole container volume, engine bringing the propeller into operation, and energy source for engine operation. In narrowed channel part or at its outlet there installed is turbine with load on the shaft for removing some part of kinetic energy of working medium flowing through narrowed channel part, and energy from turbine shaft is taken outside container and is used for energy storage or execution of operation.

EFFECT: simplifying manufacture and operation of the device and decreasing power consumption.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to refrigerating engineering. Method refers to control of supercritical refrigeration circuit (2) which functions regularly and contains, in flow direction, the compressor, heat-removing heat exchanger (10), control valve (12) connected to outlet hole (14) of heat-removing heat exchanger (10), and device (16) for controlling control valve (12). Method involves the following stages: (a) (in subcritical mode) controlling control valve (12) so that pre-determined "subcritical pressure" can be maintained, which provides pre-determined underheating of liquid cooling agent at outlet hole (14) of heat-removing heat exchanger (10), (b) (in supercritical mode) controlling control valve (12) so that pre-determined "supercritical pressure" of supercritical cooling agent can be maintained at outlet hole (14) of heat-removing heat exchanger (10), and (c) (in marginal mode of boundary area located near critical point) controlling control valve (12) depending on "continuity pressure" which is determined based on pre-determined "subcritical pressure" and "supercritical pressure" of stages (a) and (b).

EFFECT: developing the method of controlling supercritical refrigeration circuit which functions regularly in boundary area located near critical point.

19 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to process air production systems, particular by to those used in airplanes. Proposed system comprises first air cooling system with first hear exchanger and additional air cooling system to be built in the first one. Built-in cooling system comprises heat exchanger that is built in air duct, either upstream or downstream of airflow with respect to aforesaid first heat exchanger. The latter is mounted in heat rejection channel.

EFFECT: reduced weight and drag, easier mounting and operation.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: in method working fluid flow is swirled with generation of vortex precessing cord, at the same time angle between vectors of axial and full speed is selected in the interval from 0 to 70 degrees. Then flow is accelerated to speed close to maximum, intensely swirled breakage flow is generated in flux with volume oscillations of pressure, and tangential nozzle input of flux into energy division chamber is carried out. In chamber flux is separated into paraxial and peripheral intensely swirled fluxes. Device comprises chamber 1 of energy division, connected with its one end to body 2, and with its other end - to throttle 3, diaphragm 4 with central hole 5. Diaphragm 4 is located in end of body 2 opposite to chamber 1, in which swirler is installed with tangential nozzle inputs, every of which is connected to internal cylindrical surface of body 2 and to inlet nozzle connected to source of working fluid. In channel of each inlet there is a turbulence promoter 12 of flow, installed in normal section of its minimum area. Inlet swirling device is formed with internal channel of inlet nozzle and channel of nozzle inlet. In swirling device at the inlet of nozzle input channel there are blades installed on cylindrical bush.

EFFECT: expansion of method and device application field and efficiency factor increase.

13 cl, 5 dwg

Heat pump // 2382295

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to heat engineering, and namely to heat pump devices. Heat pump includes evaporator, capacitor, throttle shutoff and control valves and vacuum pump, which are in-series included in closed circulation circuit of cooling agent. Vacuum pump is made with possibility of pumping cooling agent vapours with speed of 350 l/s within pressure range of 133 to 0.53·105 Pa. Invention provides the possibility of using a wide range of high-boiling matters as heat carriers with Tboiling >273°K at atmospheric pressure of matters. The most preferable is ethanol and its water solutions.

EFFECT: developing compact heating systems which do not require fuel margins and special communications, advantageous as to power and economy, and environmentally safe.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for residential and industrial room heating. Compression heat pump consists of an evaporator, compressor, condenser, restrictor and liquid separator. The evaporator and condenser are represented with the enclosing vortex heat exchangers containing working agent supply and discharge nozzle and, respectively, low potential and high potential coolant supply and discharge nozzles, helical manifold with guiding unit and end walls. Micro channels are made on the internal and external surface of end walls. The enclosure is installed from the external surface side.

EFFECT: small-sized and high-capacity heat pump.

2 dwg

Heat pump // 2301382

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heat pump comprises compression cylinders, cylinder for adjacent tank with separating piston provided with individual heat exchangers, valving members, and high-pressure hydraulic pump connected in the closed circuit. Two additional cylinders interconnected through the valving members are connected in parallel between the inlets of the vertically oriented compression cylinders. The first additional cylinder is provided with a baffle. The pistons are interconnected with the rod passing through the opening made in the baffle. Two spaces formed by the walls of the baffle, pistons, and wall of the cylinder are provided with openings connected with the outlets of the three-way hydraulic switch whose inlets are connected with the inlet and outlet of the high-pressure hydraulic pump. The piston of the second additional cylinder is connected with the separating piston of the cylinder of the adjacent tank through the rod, rocking lever provided with hydraulic drive, and second heat insulated rod. The pistons of the compression cylinders are provided with displacers. The surfaces of displacers and inner surface of the compression cylinders adjacent to the air outlet of the cylinders are heat-insulated by means of solid heat insulator.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 3 dwg

Heat pump // 2285872

FIELD: heat engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heat pump comprises compressor, condenser, expander, evaporator, and heat exchanger. The inlet of the first space of the heat exchanger is connected with the outlet of the evaporator, and the outlet of the heat exchanger space is connected with the compressor. The inlet of the second space of heat exchanger is connected with the circuit between the condenser and expander through the control valve, and the outlet of the second space is connected with the circuit between the three-position control valve and expander. The expander is made of a throttle. The heat pump is provided with the temperature gauge mounted between the compressor and first space of the heat exchanger and is connected with the three-position control valve through controller.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and stability of operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering, in particular, technology for transformation of heat by means of heat pumps, used in heating, conditioning and water supplying systems.

SUBSTANCE: device has circulation contour of working body, which includes serially connected compressor, capacitor, regenerative heat exchanger and first evaporator, and also line of second consumer, output of capacitor via heated substance is connected to line of first consumer. Input of ejector via active substance is connected to output of regenerative heat exchanger. Output of ejector is connected to input of first evaporator and through throttling valve is connected to input of second evaporator. Input of ejector via passive electronic substance is connected to line of second consumer. Output of second evaporator via separator is connected to line of third consumer.

EFFECT: extended functional capabilities of heat supplying systems and water supplying systems, namely, to receive in one apparatus both heat for heat supply system and cold at average temperature level for conditioning system and at low temperature level for cooling systems.

1 dwg

Heat pump // 2238488
The invention relates to a heat pump, that is, to devices that use low-temperature heat sources of natural or artificial origin to obtain water suitable for heating and hot water with a temperature of 50-70°C.

Heat pump // 2223454
The invention relates to a process of converting thermal energy and can be used in the development of heat pumps, refrigerators and heat transformers

The invention relates to air conditioning systems and can be used in refrigeration and heat pumps

The invention relates to a power system, in particular to the process of converting thermal energy of a relatively low temperature level of the thermal energy of high temperature level, and can be used for heat and cooling

Heat pump // 2152568
The invention relates to refrigeration, particularly for units with screw compressors, and relates to heat pumps using oil flooded screw compressors

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: installation consists of cooled object (1), source of cooling (2), pump (3) of cooling agent, evaporator (4) with throttle (5), steam compressor (6) with driving device (7), pump (8) of condenser, condenser (9), throttle (10), control valves (11) and (12), and of device for water injection (12) and (13). At water inlet and outlet evaporator (4) is communicated correspondingly with the outlet and via pump (3) with the cooling water inlet of cooled object (1). The evaporator corresponds to an expanding reservoir with the throttle installed at the water inlet of the expanding reservoir of the evaporator. Steam compressor (6) with drive device (7) is coupled at a steam inlet with a steam outlet of the expanding reservoir of the evaporator. Condenser (9) is connected at the steam inlet with the steam outlet of the steam condenser (6), at the water outlet - with the cooling water inlet of the cooling source (2) via pump (8) of the condenser. Condenser (9) corresponds to a steam condenser of mixing type and is communicated also at the injected cooling water inlet with cooling water outlet of the cooling agent (2). Expanding reservoir of evaporator (4) at the water inlet is connected also with the water outlet of condenser pump (8) by means of a hydraulic link additionally equipped with throttle (10) and control valve (11).

EFFECT: reduced metal and power consumption for compressor drive.

3 cl, 3 dwg

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