Conversion method of mechanical energy of primary source to electric energy, and wave energy plant for its implementation

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: wave structure 1 of water surface is used as primary source. In the section of the specified surface area of the above structure 1 there arranged is conversion system (CS) 2 on the basis at least of two discrete modules in the form of linear electromagnetic transducers 3 including relatively movable electrically insulated winding 4 and magnetic system 5, 51 with positive buoyancy, which is located inside it. Electromagnetic transducers 3 are integrated to CS 2 by means of mechanical communications. Mechanical communications are formed in the form of rigid volume wave-permeable grid structure 7 with positive buoyancy, which is structurally managed with possibility of providing minimum vertical movement relative to central plane 8 of wave structure 1. Electrically insulated winding 4 in each module is rigidly fixed in vertical seats of grid structure 7 so that wave permeability of this winding 4 is provided. Positive buoyancy of magnetic system 5, 51 in each module is managed by means of kinematic communication of its upper part with float 6. For that purpose, float 6 is arranged with possibility of location at least of its upper part in the area of wave structure 1 of water surface. Wave energy plant is provided for method's implementation. The construction is simplified owing to necessary fixture of each discrete module of energy system relative to the water reservoir bottom, providing current collection from virtually fixed elements of discrete modules.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency.

18 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of electric power industry, in particular to clean the ways and means of producing electricity by converting prirodovosstanovlenie mechanical energy of the primary source (specifically - wave structure of the water surface) in power on the basis of the modern technology of physical phenomena.

Energy largely determines the level of development of any society, the economy and quality of life. At the same time, the energy, mainly responsible for pollution and adverse changes in the ecosystem of the planet. Currently, the amount of energy produced by humanity became commensurate with the input characteristic of the global natural phenomena.

Intensive use of traditional fuel technologies in the economy and life is accompanied by pollution and the greenhouse effect leading to global warming and irreversible degradation of the biosphere of the Earth. In terms of increasing shortage of electricity production, depletion of fossil fuels, the high costs of purchasing and transporting, as well as the ever increasing requirements for environmental cleanliness in many countries has shown a strong commitment to using safe for OCD the global environment technology energy production based on renewable energy sources primary energy sources. In the structure of renewable energy sources (RES) are a very promising source of energy is the wave structure of the water surface (in particular, the ocean and sea waves).

Modern prior art method of converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electrical, according to which as the primary source use dynamic wave structure of the water surface. On the water surface given area place transformative system based, at least two, electrically commutated (mainly using diodes) discrete modules in the form of a linear electromagnetic transducers. The converters include relatively movable elektroizolyacionnogo winding and located inside a magnetic system with positive buoyancy. Positive buoyancy is provided by a float. Electromagnetic transducers integrate mentioned in transforming the system through mechanical linkages. Transforming the system is fixed from movement relative to that of the water surface through individual zakalivanie magnetic system in each electromagnetic module, i.e. the electromagnetic transducer (see Internet, membrana (staff membrana. EN), 28.06.200 year).

The prior art also known wave energy device for converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electric. Power plant includes transforming system designed for placement on the plot given area dynamic wave structure of the water surface, which is functionally the primary source of energy. Power plant comprises at least two electrically commutated (mainly using diodes) discrete module in the form of a linear electromagnetic transducers. Each electromagnetic transducer arranged on the basis of relatively movable (with the possibility of reciprocation) elektroshlifovalnaya winding and located inside the magnetic system with the positive buoyancy provided by the float. Electromagnetic transducers (modules) are integrated in the above-mentioned transforming the system through mechanical linkages. To prevent the movement of the transforming system relative to that of the water surface, as well as ensuring these relative reciprocating movement of the respective elements converters, each magnetic system fixed from PE is Emesene, mainly by means of anchors. Power plant also includes a commutative associated with transforming system tool storage of electricity (see the Internet, membrana (staff membrana. ru), 28.06.2006).

The disadvantages known from the prior art method and device for its implementation can be attributed to low reliability, relatively low power output (COP), the complexity of the design, because you want to capture from moving individually each magnetic system, and power collection to perform with the rolling, cyclically moveable element (elektroshlifovalnaya winding).

In addition, it should be noted that individual fixation of each of the magnetic system with respect to the bottom of the reservoir (in addition to complicating the design and installation) does not preclude displacement of the entire power system along a horizontal plane under the influence of the kinetic energy of waves, water currents, and, to some extent, wind load. And this will cause movement of each module (electromagnetic transducer) for an indefinite depth. It is not excluded the possibility for the offset of the entire power system to a depth that does not have a wave structure, therefore, the power system can be completely withdrawn from health, due to the lack of concerning the CSOs reciprocating movement of the elements of the electromagnetic transducers at a certain depth.

Modern technology is also known a method of converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electrical, according to which as the primary source use dynamic wave structure of the water surface, in the area of a given square place which converts the system based, at least two, electrically commutated (mainly using diodes) discrete modules in the form of a linear electromagnetic transducers, including a relatively movable elektroizolyacionnogo winding and located inside a magnetic system with positive buoyancy (provided by float) which integrate mentioned in transforming the system through mechanical linkages (EN, No. 2037642,1995 year).

The prior art also known wave energy device for converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electrical, comprising transforming a system designed for placement on the plot given area dynamic wave structure of the water surface, which is functionally the primary source of energy, and containing at least two electrically connected mainly with the use of diodes, discrete module in the form of a linear electromagnetic who etnich converters, organized on the basis of relatively movable with the possibility of reciprocation elektroshlifovalnaya winding and located inside the magnetic system with positive buoyancy (provided by float) which is integrated in the above-mentioned transforming the system through mechanical linkages, as well as commutative associated with transforming system tool storage of electricity (EN, No. 2037642, 1995).

The disadvantages of the above data technical solutions should include the complexity of construction and relatively low energy output (efficiency), because in these technical solutions, the maximum amplitude of the oscillating (reciprocating) movement is limited not by the amplitude of the waves and inertial properties of the oscillating system, which itself is in the process of functioning absorbs energy, further reducing the efficiency of the energy system as a whole.

The basis of the claimed inventions were based on the goal of improving reliability and energy efficiency (efficiency) energy of the whole system while simplifying the design and installation while ensuring the greatest possible use of mechanical wave energy into useful energy constructive-technological way.

Effect: simplified design the products by eliminating the need for individual fixation relative to the bottom of the reservoir each discrete module of the power system; providing power collection with virtually immobile elements (elektroizolyatsionnyh coils) discrete modules, increasing the coefficient of performance (COP).

This technical result in relation to the subject of the invention "method" is achieved by a method for converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electrical, according to which as the primary source use dynamic wave structure of the water surface, in the area of a given square place which converts the system based, at least two, electrically connected mainly with the use of diodes, discrete modules in the form of a linear electromagnetic transducers, including a relatively movable elektroizolyacionnogo winding and located inside a magnetic system with a positive buoyancy provided, for example, by a float, which integrate mentioned in the transforming system through a combination of mechanical linkages, according to the invention, a set of mechanical linkages, integrating discrete modules in transforming the system form in the form of a rigid surround volgopromchim lattice structure with positive buoyancy, which is structurally organized with the possibility of a minimalist guest is inago, mainly, zero vertical movement relative to the Central horizontal plane of the wave structure of the water surface; elektroizolyacionnogo winding in each module is rigidly secured in vertical slots mentioned lattice structure, mainly to provide valoprincess this winding; positive buoyancy of the magnetic system in each module organized by the kinematic connection of its upper part with a float, which functionally means for providing reciprocating movement of the magnet system relative to the winding, to which the float is placed with the possibility of the location of at least the top in the field mentioned wave structure of the water surface with the possibility of the amplitude of its oscillations corresponding to the amplitude of the wave structure of water surface.

The ratio of geometric parameters elektroshlifovalnaya winding and the magnetic system along the longitudinal axis of a discrete module, it is advisable to choose from the condition of maximum change of magnetic flux in the winding of each individual module in the process of reciprocating movement of the magnet system relative to the winding within the average amplitude of the regulated characteristic amplitude is alnovol structure of the water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system.

Optimally bulk lattice structure structurally and geometrically arrange so that the distance between the vertical axes of adjacent modules were equal to half of the characteristic wavelength of the wave structure of the water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system.

The magnetic system can be arranged in a single magnetic structure, and the winding - sectional, with the magnitude of the sections vertically and the distance between sections commensurate with the size of the above-mentioned structure of the magnetic system in the same direction.

The winding can be arranged in the form of discrete, connected in a common electrical circuit, partitions, it uses a magnetic system with discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is specified in the agree with the number of winding sections, and the magnitude of the sections vertically and the spacing of discrete structures provide commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures of the magnetic system in the same direction.

The mass ratio of lattice volgopromchim patterns, together with the total mass of elektroizolyatsionnyh windings of the transformers, and the total mass of a single magnetic system and associated float (in the optimal mode of operation) selected from the services is via exceptions movement mentioned lattice structure vertically under the influence of forces relative to the magnetic interaction of the mentioned pairs of component transforming the system in a dynamic mode.

The technical result in relation to the object of the invention the device is provided by the fact that the wave energy device for converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electrical, comprising transforming a system designed for placement on the plot given area dynamic wave structure of the water surface, which is functionally the primary source of energy, and containing at least two electrically connected mainly with the use of diodes, discrete module in the form of a linear electromagnetic transducers, organized on the basis of relatively movable with the possibility of reciprocation elektroshlifovalnaya winding and located inside the magnetic system with the positive buoyancy provided by the float, which is integrated in the above-mentioned transforming the system through mechanical linkages, as well as commutative associated with transforming system tool storage of electricity, according to the invention, a set of mechanical linkages, integrating discrete modules in transforming the system formed in the form of a rigid surround volgopromchim lattice structure with positive buoyancy, which constructi is but organized with the ability to ensure minimal mainly, zero vertical movement relative to the Central horizontal plane of the wave structure of the water surface; elektroshlifovalnaya winding in each module rigidly mounted in vertical slots mentioned lattice structure and, mainly, structurally configured to provide valoprincess; as a means of providing positive buoyancy of the magnetic system in each module used float, kinematically connected with the upper part of the magnetic system and functional which means reciprocating movement of the magnet system relative to the winding, mainly in the guide, and the kinematic connection of the float with the magnet system is structurally organized in such a way that the float is able location, at least his the upper part in the region mentioned wave structure of the water surface, which is functionally mechanical propulsion float of the magnetic system and the amplitude of its oscillations corresponding to the amplitude of the wave structure of the water surface.

The ratio of geometric parameters elektroshlifovalnaya winding and the magnetic system along the longitudinal axis of a discrete module, choose from a condition of maximum change mage is itogo flow in the winding of each individual module in the process of reciprocating movement of the magnet system relative to the winding within the average amplitude, regulated characteristic amplitude of the wave structure of the water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system.

Optimally, to surround the lattice structure is structurally and geometrically was organized in such a way that the distance between the vertical axes of adjacent modules were equal to half of the characteristic wavelength of the wave structure of the water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system.

The magnetic system can be organized into a single magnetic structure, and the winding - sectional, with the distance between the partitions and their size vertically commensurate with the size of the above-mentioned structure of the magnetic system in the same direction.

Winding can be arranged in the form of discrete, connected in a common electrical circuit sections, using a magnetic system with discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is specified manner consistent with the number of winding sections, and the distance between the sections of the winding and the magnitude of vertically specified manner consistent with the magnitude of the discrete structures of the magnetic system and the distance between adjacent structures in the same direction.

The number of discrete magnetic structures of the system may exceed the number of winding sections, the distance between adjacent sections of the coil and adjacent discrete structures, as well as the magnitude of the winding sections vertically should be commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures in the same direction.

It is reasonable to use a magnetic system with at least two discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is less than the number of winding sections, the distance between adjacent sections of the coil and adjacent discrete structures, and the magnitude of the winding sections vertically should be commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures in the same direction.

In some cases, using a magnetic system with at least two discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is less than the number of winding sections, the distance between adjacent winding sections less than at least an order of magnitude discrete patterns on the vertical axis and the magnitude of the winding sections and vertical spacing of the discrete structures of the magnetic system commensurate with the size mentioned discrete structures of the magnetic system in the same direction.

The magnetic system can be fitted with a magnetic core. The magnetic system can be equipped with corrosion-resistant tool, made for example in the form of a polymer coating.

Suitable volumetric volnopraktikuyuschim structure equipped with stabilizer, functionally securing minimum, mostly zero, vertical movement of this structure relative to the Central horizontal plane of the wave structure of the water surface, the stabilizer may be in the form of a membrane, which is located in a horizontal plane and fixed to the lower part of the lattice structure.

Optimally, the mass lattice volgopromchim patterns, together with the total mass of elektroizolyatsionnyh windings linear transducers, not less than an order of magnitude exceeded the total mass of a single magnetic system and associated float.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 - General view of the modular power plant (side view).

Figure 2 - cross section a-a of figure 1 (dotted line on the middle module is conventionally shown at the upper position of the magnetic system with float).

Hereinafter, the nodes and elements of the modular power plant is indicated by the following positions:

1 - structure (wave water surface);

2 - system (transformative);

3 - Converter (electromagnetic);

4 - winding (elektroshlifovalnaya Converter 3);

5, 51system (magnetic transducer 3, the dotted line /51/ average module indicated at the top put the e discrete structures b and C);

6 - float;

7 - structure (lattice veleprodaja);

8 - plane (middle horizontal wave structure 1);

9 - hour (with positive buoyancy structure 7);

10 - relationship (adjustable between modules structure 7 volgopromchim);

11 - relationship (unregulated between the posts 9 in a separate module structure 7);

12 - connection winding 4 with the racks 9 structure 7);

B, C (1With1) - structure discrete magnetic magnetic system

5, 51);

N/2 is the amplitude of the wave structure 1;

N - the maximum displacement of the magnetic system 5, 51vertically;

L is the wavelength of the wave structure 1.

The method of converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electrical, according to the invention, is as follows.

As the primary source use dynamic wave structure 1 water surface. On the plot of a given area of this structure 1 is placed transformative system 2 on the basis of at least two electrically commutated (mainly using diodes) discrete modules on the basis of the linear electromagnetic transducers 3, including a relatively movable elektroizolyacionnogo winding 4 and located inside the magnetic system 5, 51with positive buoyancy. Positive the traveler buoyancy of the magnetic system 5, 51provided by means of the float 6. Electromagnetic transducers 3 (digital modules) integrate mentioned in transforming the system 2 by means of the mechanical linkages. A set of mechanical linkages, integrating discrete modules in transforming the system 2, is formed in the form of a rigid surround volgopromchim lattice structure 7 with positive buoyancy, which is structurally organized with the possibility of a minimal (mostly zero) vertical movement relative to the Central horizontal plane 8 wave structure 1 water surface. Structurally, the lattice structure 7 includes a rack 9, the adjustable connection 10 (installed between modules for adjusting the axial distances between adjacent modules specific to the wavelength of the wave structure 1) and unregulated communications 11, uniting hours between each individual module. Elektroizolyacionnogo winding 4 in each module is rigidly secured in vertical slots mentioned lattice structure 7 by means of links 12, mainly to provide valoprincess this winding 4. Positive buoyancy of the magnetic system 5, 51each module organized by the kinematic connection of its upper part with the floating means is om, for example, the float 6, which functionally means for providing reciprocating movement of the magnet system relative to the winding 4. For this purpose, the float 6 is placed with the possibility of the location of at least the top in the field mentioned wave structure 1 water surface with the possibility of the amplitude of its oscillations corresponding to the amplitude of the N/2 of the wave structure of the water surface.

The ratio of geometric parameters elektroshlifovalnaya winding 4 and the magnetic system 5, 51along the longitudinal axis of the electromagnetic transducer 3 (discrete module) choose from a condition of maximum change of magnetic flux in the winding 4 of each individual module in the process of reciprocating movement of the magnet system 5, 51relative to the winding 4 within the average amplitude of the regulated characteristic amplitude of the wave structure 1 water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system 2.

Bulk lattice structure 7 structurally and geometrically organized so that the distance between the vertical axes of adjacent modules is equal to half of the characteristic wavelength L of the wave structure 1 water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system 2. Optimally, to GE the metric form of lattice structure 7 corresponds to the shape of the breakwater. This will ensure maximum stability of the structure 7 to the negative influence of external factors, i.e. will provide practical immobility. The specified location adjacent modules provides them out of phase, resulting in additionally it provides stability of the lattice structure 7 from vertical displacement by means of the dynamic effects of wave patterns 1.

It should also be noted that the claimed wave power plant is operational only when the number of modules of at least two and loses its functionality in a single module. This is because when using a single module, the lattice structure and the magnet system of the transducer will be moved in the vertical direction in the same phase and the same amplitude, which eliminates relative movement of the magnetic system 5 and the winding 4.

Magnetic system 5, 51can be organized into a single magnetic structure 5, and the winding 4 is sectional, with the distance between the sections commensurate with the size of the above-mentioned structure 5 of the magnetic system vertically.

The winding 4 may be arranged in the form of discrete, connected in a common electrical circuit, sections, using a magnetic system 5, 51with discrete, spaced with a gap one is relative to another, structures, the number of which is specified in the agree with the number of sections of the winding 4, and the magnitude of the sections vertically and the spacing of discrete structures, C (1With1in this case, it is expedient to provide commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures of the magnetic system 5, 51in the same direction.

The last two constructive aspect not only provide the winding 4 required velepromet, but also significantly increase the efficiency of the electromagnetic transducers 3, due to allow repeated change of magnetic flux (crossing the winding 4) from zero to maximum, even for half the period of oscillation of the magnetic system 5, 51(In, /In1With1/).

The mass ratio of lattice volgopromchim patterns 6, together with the total mass of elektroizolyatsionnyh windings 4 converters, and the total mass of a single magnet system 5 and the associated float 6 (in the optimal mode of operation) is chosen from the condition exclusions move mentioned lattice structure vertically under the influence of forces relative to the magnetic interaction of the mentioned pairs of component transforming the system in a dynamic mode.

Wave energy device for converting mechanical energy to the AI of the primary source in electrical includes transforming the system 2, designed for placement on the plot given area of dynamic wave patterns 1 water surface, which is functionally the primary source of energy. Power plant comprises at least two electrically commutated (mainly using diodes) discrete module in the form of a linear electromagnetic transducers 3, organized on the basis of relatively movable (with the possibility of reciprocation) elektroshlifovalnaya winding 4 and located inside the magnetic system 5, 51with the positive buoyancy provided by the floating of the float 6. Discrete modules (electromagnetic transducers 3) integrated in said converting system 2 by means of the mechanical linkages. Power plant also contains a commutative associated with transforming system 2 tool storage of electricity (in graphical materials conventionally not shown). A set of mechanical linkages, integrating discrete modules in transforming the system 2, is formed in the form of a rigid surround volgopromchim lattice structure 7 with positive buoyancy, which is structurally organized with the possibility of a minimal (mostly zero) vertical displaced the I relative to the average horizontal plane 8 wave structure 1 water surface. Structurally, the lattice structure 7 includes a rack 9, the adjustable connection 10 (installed between modules for adjusting the axial distances between adjacent modules) and unregulated communications 11, uniting hours together in each module.

Elektroshlifovalnaya winding in each module rigidly mounted in vertical slots mentioned lattice structure 7 by means of links 12 and, mainly, structurally configured to provide valoprincess. As a means of providing positive buoyancy of the magnetic system 5, 51in each module used, for example, the float 6, kinematically connected with the upper part of the magnetic system 5, 51and functionally, which means the amplitude limited reciprocating movement of the magnet system 5, 51relative to the winding 4, mainly in the guide, which can be equipped with limiters moving magnet system 5, 51(in graphical materials conventionally not shown). Limiting movement of the magnetic system 5, 51in the absence of the guides, can be based directly on volgopromchim lattice structure 7. The kinematic connection of the float 6 with a magnetic system is structurally organized in such a way that poplaw is to 6 has the opportunity location, at least its upper part in the region mentioned wave structure 1 water surface, which is functionally mechanical propulsion of the float 6 and the magnetic system 5, 51mainly, ensuring the amplitude of its oscillations corresponding to the amplitude of the N/2 of the wave structure of the water surface.

The ratio of geometric parameters elektroshlifovalnaya winding 4 and the magnetic system 5, 51along the longitudinal axis of a discrete module chosen from a condition of maximum change of magnetic flux in the winding 4 of each individual module in the process of reciprocating movement of the magnet system 5, 51relative to the winding 4 within the average amplitude of the regulated characteristic amplitude of the wave structure 1 water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system 2.

Bulk lattice structure structurally and geometrically arranged so that the distance between the vertical axes of adjacent modules is equal to half of the characteristic wavelength L of the wave structure 1 water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system 2.

Magnetic system 5, 51may be organized into one combined magnetic structure, and the winding 4 may be made sectional, with the distance between the section and their size vertically commensurate with the size of the above-mentioned structure of the magnetic system 5, 51in the same direction.

The winding 4 may be arranged in the form of discrete, connected in a common electrical circuit sections, using the magnetic system 5, 51with discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is specified manner consistent with the number of sections of the winding 4, and the distance between the sections of the winding 4 and the magnitude of these sections vertically specified manner consistent with the magnitude of the discrete structures of the magnetic system 5, 51and step discrete structures in the same direction.

The number of discrete magnetic structures 5, 51may exceed the number of winding sections 4, it is reasonable that the distance between adjacent winding sections 4 and adjacent discrete structures, and the magnitude of the winding sections 4 vertically were commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures in the same direction.

Can be used a magnetic system with at least two discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is less than the number of winding sections 4, it is reasonable that the distance between adjacent winding sections 4 and adjacent discrete structures, and ve is hichina winding sections vertically were commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures in the same direction.

Optimal use of a magnetic system with at least two discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, C (1With1), the number of which is less than the number of winding sections 4, it is necessary that the distance between adjacent winding sections 4 was less, at least on the order of magnitude of the discrete patterns on the vertical axis and the magnitude of the winding sections and vertical spacing of the discrete structures of the magnetic system would be commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures of the magnetic system 5, 51in the same direction.

Magnetic system 5, 51can be fitted with a magnetic core, which structurally may be combined with elements (links) - dimensional lattice structure 7 and the guide magnet system 5, 51.

Magnetic system 5, 51in actual use conditions, as a rule, equipped with anti-corrosion agent (in the drawings conventionally not shown)made, for example, in the form of a continuous polymeric coating.

Hard volume veleprodaja lattice structure 7 in actual use conditions, as a rule, are equipped stabilizer (on the drawings conventionally not shown), which is functionally an additional means of ensuring a minimum, mainly, zero, vertical lane is the placement of this structure 7 relative to the Central horizontal plane 8 wave structure 1 water surface. When the stabilizer is made in the form of a membrane, which is located in a horizontal plane and fixed to the lower part of the lattice structure 7.

Optimally, the mass lattice volgopromchim structure 7, in conjunction with the total mass of elektroizolyatsionnyh windings 4 linear transducers 3, not less than an order of magnitude exceeded the total mass of a single magnet system 5 and the associated float 6. This, along with the above-mentioned stabilizer, provides additional stability to the lattice structure 6 to move vertically, negatively affecting the efficiency of the power plant as a whole.

The physical principle of operation of the wave power plant is widely known from the prior art and further explanation is not required, because similar principles operate and previously described in the framework of this application device equivalents.

It should only focus on the main advantages of the claimed technical solution is relatively well known from the prior art.

First, because the conversion system 2 as a whole can be formed in the hard vanadinite floating platform indefinitely large area, from a practical point of view it can be considered fixed against any movement in particular, reflected in the form of the e of the invention and the description of constructive-technological organization of the power plant as a whole. Therefore, elektroizolyatsionnye winding 4 electromagnetic transformers 3 will be fixed. That is, the power collection in a given power system is carried out with fixed elements, which simplifies operation and ensures high reliability both in terms of continuity of the implementation of the power collection and preservation plan for the health system as a whole for unlimited time operation without degradation of the output parameters.

In addition, the free (i.e. without any fixation) installation of the magnetic system 5, 51in the nests of lattice structure 7, while ensuring the relative immobility of this structure 7 guarantees the preservation of the health of installation in all operating conditions, including storm.

Thus, the above data confirm that the implementation of the use of the claimed inventions the following cumulative conditions:

objects embodying the claimed invention at the time of realization, are designed for use in industry, namely, in the production of electricity in an environmentally friendly way using the primary natural sources of energy.

for the stated objects of the invention in the form as they are described in the independent points following the claims, the confirmation is on the possibility of their implementation using the above described in the application or known from the prior art on the priority date tools and methods;

objects embodying the claimed invention at the time of realization, are able to achieve perceived by the applicant of the technical result.

1. The method of converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electrical, according to which as the primary source use dynamic wave structure of the water surface, in the area of a given square place which converts the system based on at least two electrically somatropinne mainly using diodes, discrete modules in the form of a linear electromagnetic transducers, including a relatively movable elektroizolyacionnogo winding and located inside the magnetic system with the positive buoyancy provided by the float, which integrate mentioned in transforming the system through mechanical linkages, wherein the set of mechanical linkages, integrating discrete modules in the transforming system form in the form of a rigid surround volgopromchim lattice structure with positive buoyancy, which is structurally organized with the ability to ensure minimal mainly zero vertical movement relative to the Central horizontal plane of the wave structure of the s water surface; elektroizolyacionnogo winding in each module is rigidly secured in vertical slots mentioned lattice structure, mainly to provide valoprincess this winding; positive buoyancy of the magnetic system in each module organized by the kinematic connection of its upper part with a float, which functionally means for providing reciprocating movement of the magnet system relative to the winding, to which the float is placed with the possibility of the location of at least the top in the field mentioned wave structure of the water surface with the possibility of the amplitude of its oscillations corresponding to the amplitude of the wave structure of the water surface.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the ratio of the geometric parameters elektroshlifovalnaya winding and the magnetic system along the longitudinal axis of a discrete module, choose from a condition of maximum change of magnetic flux in the winding of each individual module in the process of reciprocating movement of the magnet system relative to the winding within the average amplitude of the regulated characteristic amplitude of the wave structure of the water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized t is m, that the volume of the lattice structure structurally and geometrically organized so that the distance between the vertical axes of adjacent modules is equal to half of the characteristic wavelength of the wave structure of the water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the magnetic system is organized in a single magnetic structure, and the winding - sectional, with the magnitude of the sections vertically and the distance between sections commensurate with the size of the above-mentioned structure of the magnetic system in the same direction.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the winding is organized in the form of discrete, connected in a common electrical circuit, sections, using a magnetic system with discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is specified in the agree with the number of winding sections, and the magnitude of the sections vertically and the spacing of discrete structures provide commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures of the magnetic system in the same direction.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the mass ratio of lattice volgopromchim patterns, together with the total mass of elektroizolyatsionnyh windings of the transformers, and the total mass of a single magnetic system and associated with the her float, choose from a condition exclusions move mentioned lattice structure vertically under the influence of forces relative to the magnetic interaction of the mentioned pairs of component transforming the system in a dynamic mode.

7. Wave energy device for converting mechanical energy of the primary source in electrical, comprising transforming a system designed for placement on the plot given area dynamic wave structure of the water surface, which is functionally the primary source of energy, and containing at least two electrically somatropinne mainly using diodes, discrete modules in the form of a linear electromagnetic transducers, organized on the basis of relatively movable with the possibility of reciprocation elektroshlifovalnaya winding and located inside the magnetic system with the positive buoyancy provided by the float, which is integrated in the above-mentioned transforming the system through mechanical linkages, and also commutative associated with transforming system means the accumulation of the electric power, wherein the set of mechanical linkages, integrating discrete modules in the transforming system, strmilov is in the form of a rigid surround volgopromchim lattice structure with positive buoyancy, which is structurally organized with the ability to ensure minimal mainly zero vertical movement relative to the Central horizontal plane of the wave structure of the water surface; elektroshlifovalnaya winding in each module rigidly mounted in vertical slots mentioned lattice structure and, mainly, structurally configured to provide valoprincess; as a means of providing positive buoyancy of the magnetic system in each module used float, kinematically connected with the upper part of the magnetic system and functional which means reciprocating movement of the magnet system relative to the winding, mainly in the guide, and the kinematic connection of the float with the magnet system is structurally organized in such a way that the float has the possibility of the location of at least the top in the field mentioned wave structure of the water surface, which is functionally mechanical propulsion float of the magnetic system and the amplitude of its oscillations corresponding to the amplitude of the wave structure of the water surface.

8. Wave power plant according to claim 7, characterized in that the ratio of the geometric parameters of the power is molirovannoye winding and the magnetic system along the longitudinal axis of a discrete module chosen from a condition of maximum change of magnetic flux in the winding of each individual module in the process of reciprocating moving magnet system relative to the winding within the average amplitude of the regulated characteristic amplitude of the wave structure of the water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system.

9. Wave power plant according to claim 7, characterized in that the three-dimensional lattice structure is structurally and geometrically arranged so that the distance between the vertical axes of adjacent modules is equal to half of the characteristic wavelength of the wave structure of the water surface at the site of placement of the transforming system.

10. The wave power installation according to claim 8, characterized in that the magnetic system is organized into a single magnetic structure, and the winding is made sectional, with the distance between the partitions and their size vertically commensurate with the size of the above-mentioned structure of the magnetic system in the same direction.

11. The wave power installation according to claim 8, characterized in that the winding is arranged in the form of discrete, connected in a common electrical circuit sections, used magnetic system with discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is specified manner consistent with the number of winding sections, and the distance between the sections of the winding and the magnitude of the vertical C is thus consistent with the magnitude of the discrete structures of the magnetic system and the distance between adjacent structures in the same direction.

12. The wave power installation according to claim 11, characterized in that the number of discrete magnetic structures of the system exceeds the number of winding sections, and the distance between adjacent sections of the coil and adjacent discrete structures, and the magnitude of the winding sections vertically commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures in the same direction.

13. The wave power installation according to claim 11, characterized in that it uses a magnetic system with at least two discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is less than the number of winding sections, and the distance between adjacent sections of the coil and adjacent discrete structures, and the magnitude of the winding sections vertically commensurate with the value mentioned discrete structures in the same direction.

14. The wave power installation according to claim 11, characterized in that it uses a magnetic system with at least two discrete, spaced with a gap of one relative to the other structures, the number of which is less than the number of winding sections, the distance between adjacent winding sections less than at least an order of magnitude discrete patterns on the vertical axis and the magnitude of the winding sections and vertical spacing of the discrete structures of the magnetic system commensurate with what elicina mentioned discrete structures of the magnetic system in the same direction.

15. Wave power plant according to claim 7, characterized in that the magnetic system is equipped with a magnetic core.

16. Wave power plant according to claim 7, characterized in that the magnetic system is equipped with a rust inhibitor, made for example in the form of a polymer coating.

17. Wave power plant according to claim 7, characterized in that the hard volume veleprodaja lattice structure is equipped with a stabilizer, which functionally means of ensuring a minimum, mainly, zero, vertical movement of this structure relative to the Central horizontal plane of the wave structure of the water surface, while the stabilizer is made in the form of a membrane, which is located in a horizontal plane and fixed to the lower part of the lattice structure.

18. Wave power plant according to claim 7, characterized in that the weight lattice volgopromchim patterns, together with the total mass of elektroizolyatsionnyh windings of the linear electromagnetic transducers, not less than an order of magnitude greater than the total mass of a single magnetic system and associated float.



 

Same patents:

Sea ice buoy // 2399546

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment intended for buoyage of the waterway and prevention of navigation threats in autumn-winter and spring periods. Sea buoy comprises streamline body divided by watertight baffles into compartments, LED optical hardware arranged in buoy head part, stabilizing ballast secured on buoy tail and self-contained power supply arranged in buoy body tail compartment. Self-contained power supply represents inertial power producing unit arranged inside buoy body. Said power plant comprises capacitative molecular electric power accumulator (two-layer capacitor), accumulator charging device comprising DC generator, voltage relay-generator with its rotor rigidly jointed with turbine blade (for example, Wells turbine), turbine wheel drive, cylindrical air chamber rigidly secured to tail compartment upper bulkhead. Said air chamber accommodates inertial piston rigidly connected by spring dampers to air chamber top and bottom. Said dampers have hole to receive two air tubes for compressed air to pass from air chamber to turbine wheel blades.

EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life, simplified operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises buoy, autonomous electrical source and recharging power device with mechanism of its connection to source, inertial piston arranged with the possibility of reciprocal motion up and down due to vertical movements of buoy under action of water surface oscillations and spring shock absorbers. Output of device via mechanism of connection is connected to input of source. Plant is equipped with air turbine, for instance Wells turbine, and air-conducting tubes. Inside buoy there are the following components arranged - source in the form of capacitance molecular accumulator of energy on the basis of double-layer capacitor and recharging device, including DC generator with relay-voltage controller. Its rotor is rigidly connected to blade wheel of turbine, and mechanism of rotation with air reservoir of cylindrical shape, inside of which there is a piston arranged as fixed on top and bottom inside reservoir body with the help of shock absorbers. In lower and upper part of reservoir there are holes arranged, to which tubes are fixed rigidly, and their location provides for motion of air flow to blades of turbine wheel, caused by oscillating reciprocal movements of piston.

EFFECT: simplified technical design of wave power plants, increased reliability, durability and simplification of their operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the power industry field, in particular electrogenerating installations using sea waves energy. Pulse wave energy converter contains movable multilink structure consisting of modules with local energy-transducer implemented in the form of movable connected one relative to other floating blocks with winding, condensing installation and rectifying installation. Modules are outfitted by electromagnets with detachable core and located on it magnetised and power winding. Magnetising windings are directly or through adjusting resistor are connected to common buses. Power winding are connected to them through rectifying installation. Buses are connected to condensing installation. Components of detachable core are connected to adjoining blocks.

EFFECT: simplification of design; increasing of coefficient of efficiency by means of self-optimise of operation mode.

3 dwg

Wave energy plant // 2286476

FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.

EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.

1 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to marine energy, namely, devices for converting wave, natural and local ocean currents into electrical energy in the open sea

Wave power plant // 2200251

Malar keel // 2166453
The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the creation of the zygomatic ship keels, allowing the utilization of wave energy

Wave power plant // 2147077
The invention relates to hydropower, in particular to the wave energy installations

Energy converter // 2139440

Wave energy plant // 2286476

FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.

EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the power industry field, in particular electrogenerating installations using sea waves energy. Pulse wave energy converter contains movable multilink structure consisting of modules with local energy-transducer implemented in the form of movable connected one relative to other floating blocks with winding, condensing installation and rectifying installation. Modules are outfitted by electromagnets with detachable core and located on it magnetised and power winding. Magnetising windings are directly or through adjusting resistor are connected to common buses. Power winding are connected to them through rectifying installation. Buses are connected to condensing installation. Components of detachable core are connected to adjoining blocks.

EFFECT: simplification of design; increasing of coefficient of efficiency by means of self-optimise of operation mode.

3 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises buoy, autonomous electrical source and recharging power device with mechanism of its connection to source, inertial piston arranged with the possibility of reciprocal motion up and down due to vertical movements of buoy under action of water surface oscillations and spring shock absorbers. Output of device via mechanism of connection is connected to input of source. Plant is equipped with air turbine, for instance Wells turbine, and air-conducting tubes. Inside buoy there are the following components arranged - source in the form of capacitance molecular accumulator of energy on the basis of double-layer capacitor and recharging device, including DC generator with relay-voltage controller. Its rotor is rigidly connected to blade wheel of turbine, and mechanism of rotation with air reservoir of cylindrical shape, inside of which there is a piston arranged as fixed on top and bottom inside reservoir body with the help of shock absorbers. In lower and upper part of reservoir there are holes arranged, to which tubes are fixed rigidly, and their location provides for motion of air flow to blades of turbine wheel, caused by oscillating reciprocal movements of piston.

EFFECT: simplified technical design of wave power plants, increased reliability, durability and simplification of their operation.

1 dwg

Sea ice buoy // 2399546

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment intended for buoyage of the waterway and prevention of navigation threats in autumn-winter and spring periods. Sea buoy comprises streamline body divided by watertight baffles into compartments, LED optical hardware arranged in buoy head part, stabilizing ballast secured on buoy tail and self-contained power supply arranged in buoy body tail compartment. Self-contained power supply represents inertial power producing unit arranged inside buoy body. Said power plant comprises capacitative molecular electric power accumulator (two-layer capacitor), accumulator charging device comprising DC generator, voltage relay-generator with its rotor rigidly jointed with turbine blade (for example, Wells turbine), turbine wheel drive, cylindrical air chamber rigidly secured to tail compartment upper bulkhead. Said air chamber accommodates inertial piston rigidly connected by spring dampers to air chamber top and bottom. Said dampers have hole to receive two air tubes for compressed air to pass from air chamber to turbine wheel blades.

EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life, simplified operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: wave structure 1 of water surface is used as primary source. In the section of the specified surface area of the above structure 1 there arranged is conversion system (CS) 2 on the basis at least of two discrete modules in the form of linear electromagnetic transducers 3 including relatively movable electrically insulated winding 4 and magnetic system 5, 51 with positive buoyancy, which is located inside it. Electromagnetic transducers 3 are integrated to CS 2 by means of mechanical communications. Mechanical communications are formed in the form of rigid volume wave-permeable grid structure 7 with positive buoyancy, which is structurally managed with possibility of providing minimum vertical movement relative to central plane 8 of wave structure 1. Electrically insulated winding 4 in each module is rigidly fixed in vertical seats of grid structure 7 so that wave permeability of this winding 4 is provided. Positive buoyancy of magnetic system 5, 51 in each module is managed by means of kinematic communication of its upper part with float 6. For that purpose, float 6 is arranged with possibility of location at least of its upper part in the area of wave structure 1 of water surface. Wave energy plant is provided for method's implementation. The construction is simplified owing to necessary fixture of each discrete module of energy system relative to the water reservoir bottom, providing current collection from virtually fixed elements of discrete modules.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency.

18 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: device for electric power generation due to water surface sloshing contains mechanical wave energy converter 3 connected kinematically with electric generator 6 in floated hull 2. Device is equipped with potential energy storage unit 4, self-oscillating unit 5 with escapement and gear systems. Mechanical wave energy converter 3 is connected through one gear system to potential energy storage unit 4 limited by drive gears and spinning spring fixed on it; through another gear system it is connected to self-oscillating unit 5 with escapement that transfers rotational torque to drive gear on shaft of electric generator 6.

EFFECT: design allowing conversion of wave and tide energy into electric power by reasonable method and provision of its uniform production.

7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment, particularly, to buoy intended for buoyage and marking definite waterway risks. Navigation buoy comprises streamlined sealed housing divided by waterproof baffles into compartments, light-optical hardware built around LEDs arranged at buoy head section, and stabilisation ballast. Cylindrical container is arranged inside said housing to accommodate the rod displacing in guides secured to said container along its axis and provided with stabilisation ballast secured to rod end. Thrust flange is rigidly attached to said rod to rest upon spring arranged between on of rod guides and thrust flange. Rotor with permanent magnets of linear electric generator is fitted on rod at the center. Linear generator stator is secured at cylindrical container inner surface. Stator winding is connected to input of charging device. Charging device output is connected to storage battery supplying light-optical hardware. In compliance with the second version, stabilisation ballast is attached to cylindrical container. One end of the rod is secured to buoy sealed housing. Thrust flange is rigidly secured at the rod. Spring is fitted atop the rod between upper guide and thrust flange.

EFFECT: simplified design, higher power supply.

2 cl, 3 dwg

Wave generator // 2534335

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: float-type wave generator includes a frame 1 having coaxial central holes 18, a float 3 with a stock 2 attached to it and having a longitudinal slot with a retainer 13 located in it and preventing possible rotation of the stock 2 about the vertical axis, a horizontal platform 4 with arranged flat magnets 5, which is kinematically connected to the float 3 with a possibility of back-and-forth movement, a housing 9 with a rotor 10 installed in it, a flange 11 rotating together with the rotor 10, a frame 6 with a winding 8 made around it, posts 16 attached to the frame 1 and made together with prismatic guides 17. A lower part of the platform 4 has a shape of a hollow cylinder with shaped elements forming a periodic profile 21 of a variable curvature and is in constant contact to rollers 12 installed on the flange 11. The stock 2 consists of cylindrical and screw parts. The magnets 5 are combined into straight-line sections located parallel to each other.

EFFECT: providing effective generation of electric energy; reducing the cost of generated electric energy and increasing the service life.

2 dwg

Wave energy plant // 2539410

FIELD: power generation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydropower and is intended for converting wave energy into electric power. The wave energy plant comprises a frame 1, a cover 7, a buoy 3, a rod 2 attached to the buoy, the said rod having a cylindrical and a helical part, a latching device 13 which prevents rotation of the rod around the vertical axis, a housing 9 mounted on the frame 1, the said housing having inside it a rotor 10, which converts back-and-forth motion of the rod into the rotary motion of the rotor and a flange 11 having rollers 12. The rollers 12 are constantly in contact with the bottom part of a platform 4, kinematically linked to the buoy 3. The platform 4 is a hollow cylinder having shaped elements in it, which form a periodic profile of a variable curvature. Flat magnets 5 which are merged into straight sections are attached to the top part of the platform 4, the said magnets being aligned parallel to each other to allow vertical back-and-forth motion relative to guides 19 and a frame 6, around which there is a winding 8 and mounted on posts 18, mounted on the top part of the frame 1.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at providing the efficient generation of electric power, reduce the cost of the generated power and prolong service life.

2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a generator for energy generation. Generator (100) includes floating platform (1) adapted for partial submersion into fluid medium, mast (2) located on platform (1) and containing at least one wind generator (3), at least one first energy storage device and one converter. Generator (1) also includes at least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy. At least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy includes at least one rechargeable mechanical storage battery (14), at least one balance arm (12) with a flywheel, which is connected to storage battery (14), and a device for conversion of mechanical energy to electrical energy. Wave motion or flow of fluid medium, into which platform (1) is submerged, determines oscillating movement of platform (1), mast (2) and at least one balance arm (12) for charging of storage battery (14), which in its turn outputs the energy generated by its movement to the mechanical energy conversion device.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at improvement of energy generation efficiency.

16 cl, 10 dwg

Up!