Method and device to stack packed circle-like foodstuffs

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to stacking separate packed circles of melted cheese. In compliance with proposed method, package is made from two identical-shape stacks. First stack is carried by first transportation line and second stack are carried by second transportation line in horizontal position by conveyor. Both lines run parallel and one above the other each other into zone of stacks integration. Note here that top line terminates in slide-off edge that forms integration zone. Note here that there are synchronisation appliances adjusted so that the stack carried on the slide-off edge is placed flush with the stack carried by bottom line to produce common stack. Common stack comprises at least two stacks of melted cheese circles. The package is produced as described above.

EFFECT: simplified procedure, higher efficiency.

14 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method of forming a package available in the form of circles of food products, in particular of the stack or package of separately Packed circles of cheese. In addition, the invention relates to a device for implementing the method and the packaging.

Actually from the processing of cheese known numerous possibilities packaging of certain circles. To make the product attractive, circles most of the packages look nice outside for a buyer. In principle, one can distinguish two types of packing.

First, it is known stacking stack directly on each other separate circles of cheese and fold the resulting pile, consisting of a certain number of laps on the portion having the shape of a bowl capacity. To simplify the extraction of such jointly Packed circles they are sometimes placed with some offset. In the manufacture and processing of the stack is most often transported by conveyor belts in the supine position.

Secondly, the disks separately in a known manner wrapped in foil, and a stack of such individually Packed circles additionally wrapped in the extension, in particular, a film type common packaging. In contrast to the above Packed together the circles individually packaging the data circles are sent for further processing using the brush strips, vertically installed on the edge, in particular in the packaging. The problem of processing in the presence of lying circles is that individually Packed circles in the stack can be easily shifted if they lie flat on each other. This sometimes complicates the processing in the supine position.

Common to both methods is the fact that thus formed and Packed stacks are composed of circles of one species appropriate food, particularly processed cheese.

In connection with this object of the invention is a method and corresponding device, with which you can with high speed and in large quantities by using simple technical means to receive packets circles of different types, in particular circles of cheese formulations.

This problem is solved using the method with the distinctive signs of paragraph 1 and the device according to the paragraph 4 of the claims. Special options for implementation are given in the respective dependent clauses.

Originally the basis of the invention lies in the basic idea, namely, that a common package (below also referred to as "package") consists of, at least, have the same form separate stacks separate circles (also "stack products"), and a separate stack includes a corresponding number of, the particular approximately five separate circles. Every single pile, respectively, lying on its own line is delivered to the place of community, where the individual stacks are then simultaneously placed in a layer at each other in a common package respectively the service. Especially preferably, the method can be used if both the product stacks contain separately Packed circles processed cheese formulations.

For this first separate pile on the first line of the delivery and the second separate pile on the second line of the delivery by a respective one vehicle, which may be a conveyor belt, transported with the transport speed. The delivery lines, first, if necessary, passing next to each other, then placed one above the other and are in the final stage in the area of combining parallel to each other, before the top line of the delivery ends of the edge to slip, defining the place of community. Before the top separate pile on the edge to slip would be able to slide on the underlying separate pile, his movement by appropriate means synchronized with lower moving a separate pile, so that the two separate stacks fit flush in the package.

Thus, the main action is proposed according to izobreteny the method is correct in part the provisions of the placing in service of two coming on top of each other individual stacks. This mixing of the two individual stacks can be repeated by located in cascade one after the other devices. In the case of processed cheese is a different order of magnitude separate the stacks can have from 4 to 10 separate circles. A particular advantage of the method steps is that with a large bandwidth for the buyers get attractive final product, consisting of two or more individual stacks of different grades according to different recipes. It is also possible to have different number of circles in each pile. Thus, packages, composed of both combined individual stacks may subsequently be delivered to a packaging machine in which packets receive the additional benefit of having good consumer properties packaging. For particularly sterile packaging for circles of processed cheese is especially preferred that the packaging is formed from tightly, tightly sealed film tube. Using the proposed in accordance with the invention method can be carried out up to 150 total packages per minute.

Synchronization can constructively particularly simple to support, if provided by the gripper, which is attached to the rear relative to the direction trance is sortirovanie to be the unification of the individual stacks and move them with the speed of fascination for space Association thus, to some extent nominate both product stacks with lines of delivery. To accomplish this, preferably, if the upper separate stacks with the adjacent side of the brush strips are guiding sheet is made as a sheet to slide on the bottom which is the action of the gripper.

This extension or "combing" is possible if the speed of the gripper more than one of the two transport speeds, in particular than the transport speed of the top brush belt, and the transport speed may be different. Especially just capture tool can be implemented, if it is equipped exciting crossbars, which are approximately vertical to the direction of transportation passed through both lying one above another line of delivery and attached to the rear respectively of the two product stacks. Thus, it is possible to easily carry out flush layer-by-layer stacking of individual stacks, and with the adjacent exciting crossbars to prevent mutual displacement of the individual stacks.

In a particularly preferred embodiment, the edge to slip formed of a thin, angled down the sheet to slide off. This has the advantage that the sheet Descalzas who I can have a small thickness, and thus the edge to slip may particularly closely connected to the surface of the individual stacks, it is transported to the lower supply line. Thus, is reduced to a minimum possible area for the free fall of the upper separate piles, so it is particularly smoothly can be placed on the bottom of the pile. It can also be an advantage that the sheet to slide off like a trampoline is equipped with a "table of separation", which allows to achieve parallel conducting both individual stacks. To be able to fit edge to slip at different heights to be processed individual stacks into position under the trim above the surface of the lower separate piles, preferably, if the sheet slipping installed with the possibility of rejection.

In a particularly preferred embodiment, the sheet slipping off can so far deviate upwards, that the filing of a separate pile on top of shipping lines can break down entirely. In this mode packets are not formed, and only the individual stacks are fed by means of the packaging. This mode of operation ("mono"), wherein optionally the belt tape with crossbars provided to synchronize, must be replaced on a normal conveyor belt, can be used for periodic transition to a new type of production. Using the deviation may also ultranational congestion products. Moreover, this feature helps to eliminate accidents.

Controlled movement down on the sheet to slip contribute along the sides of the sheet to slip and exciting side separate pile brush belt. This kind of brush tapes are used in the processing of such circles products. They are on the surface have a large number of protruding tufts of bristles, whereby the clip can be captured stack products. Brush the tapes are driven in such a way that they direct squeezed separate pile down and stack it then on the bottom surface of the stack of products. Brush tape transports the stacks of products mainly sloping down to the "belt tape with crossbars", which serves as a gripping tool and feature breathtaking crossbars, which passes under the bottom sheet for sliding and Icesave" top separate piles of brush strips.

When proposed according to the invention a method, a separate stacks are delivered to the zone merge two different conveyor belts with a certain clock frequency. If each conveyor belt, for example, at a speed of 30 m/min transports per minute 125 individual stacks, between two separate stacks, if the length of each is 10 cm, there is a rela is estwenno a distance of approximately 6 cm Thus, two separate piles can vary in the "quantum" of about 8 cm or 0.15 with. to be able to compensate for such difference, it is preferable to provide a shorter synchronization of the tape, which can slow down or speed up lying separate piles. Managing synchronization ribbons may be carried out using light gates, through which recognizes the position of the moving past of the individual piles. The length of the synchronization tapes in both of the conveyor belts is determined from the above parameters. It is about double the length to be processed separate piles.

Since this synchronization depends mainly on the speed of transportation of the conveyor belts, it is preferable to have the possibility of flexible regulation. So, at the entrance of the two conveyor belts may be the expense of individual stacks, which allows to determine the estimated speed for variable-speed conveyor belts. Depending on the position of the individual stacks is superimposed motion on the tapes.

In the normal case on both conveyor belts separate stacks come in the same quantity, so that a separate piles can position accurately the pre-synchronizer Atsa on the first and second adjustable belt. After the third adjustable ribbon clock mode is entered in the belt the belt with the crossbars. The speed varies mainly so that the stack always arrives on the belt tape with crossbars.

After the stacks of products are summarized in the overall package, it is discharged through the outlet pipe. While it is preferable to provide at the output section clamping means, which top load overall package small force, and thus slightly increases the grip. This superior grip, which facilitates further processing, in particular packaging, we will explain to you separately Packed circles cream cheese small remaining moisture between the circles. In the simplest case, the clamping means may be driven pressure roller under the action of gravity which swinging of the lever, the total package is compressed from above.

Further, it is preferable to perform the output control of the height and length of the common packages and if you have a particular marriage remove them from the process through the adjacent station. The retired General packages can manually if needed to keep the layers and again in the process. Next, the output can be in control of the length and/or height control from the connected device for culling, such as pneumatic devices per the water. If the length or height of the packages in the order the device for culling pushes some of the common packages. In total discarded packets at the intermediate table-drive, wide ribbon with a width equal to 2.5 multiples of the width of the product, with the help of the device can be shifted to the edge of the tape, and if necessary, staff can gather stacks and re-routed in the process.

Below the invention is explained in more detail using Fig 1-3, on which is shown:

figure 1 is a device for receiving packets, a top view;

figure 2 is a device for receiving packets, front view;

figure 3 - area combining device.

Figure 1 shows a top view of the device for receiving packets 7. This device has a first upper line 1 delivery for transportation of lying the first pile 2 products and the second bottom line 3 shipping for transporting lying second stacks of 4 products. Possible joints sealing of stacks 2 and 4 for the products are on the right and on the left when looking in the direction of transportation. Lines 1 and 3 delivery as a means of transport have conveyor belts that move the respective stacks 2 and 4 products, respectively, in the direction of the arrow with the speed of delivery. The conveyor belt is controlled by using separately managed'm what their rollers 5. In the zone merge conveyor belts located one above the other, with the upper line of the delivery ends of the edge 6 for slippage (see also figure 3).

For laying flush on the stack of 4 products from 2 stacks of products coming on the edge 6 to the slide, means are provided for synchronization. They include, first, a not shown light shutters which help recognize, if passed by and when were stacked products on lines 1 and 3 delivery. Depending on the information of the light shutters of the conveyor belt 8 and 9, is made as synchronization tapes, accelerate or slow down, so that the stack 2 with approximate synchronicity came into the zone 10 of the Association. This consequently has top and bottom three such synchronization of the tape (a), (b) and (c).

In zone 10 join the conveyer belt 11 passes over the inclined downwards sheet 12 to slide off, which forms the edge 6 to the slide. The inclination of the sheet 12 to slide off selected so that the edge 6 to slide close is above the surface of the pile 13 products, which are transported on a bottom line delivery (figure 3). On the sides of the sheet 12 to slide on both sides are transporting down the brush belt 14, which, clamping between the beams 20 of the bristles, fun who are coming from the top of the stack of products and send down the edge 6 to the slide.

Figure 2 shows a top view of lines 1 and 3 delivery. Before 10 joins the upper line 1 delivery is slightly lifted and passes in an S-shaped curve 21 above the bottom line 3 delivery. Before edge 6 to slide off both the delivery lines are then exactly in parallel.

Means for synchronization are besides an exciting device which is made in the form of an endless belt of the belt 16, is equipped with breathtaking crossbars 15. As can be seen in figure 3, an exciting cross-beams 15 are both lying one above the other shipping lines 1 and 3. It is also seen that exciting cross member 15 is applied to the back of both stacks of products, lower stack 13 products lying on the conveyor belt 3, and the upper stack 19 products, if you are squeezed between the brush strips 14, and moves it along the edge to slide off with the speed of Hobbies, which is greater than or at least equal to the highest speed transportation, and thus lay the stack on one another. So the package adjoined to the "shift" exciting cross, they are using are located laterally on both sides of the guide plates are pressed against the straps cross. Brush belt 14 transports separate pile 19 sloping down to the belt tape with crossbars. Exciting cross then capture omletnuyu packaging. To ensure reliable junction exciting cross member 15 to a single stack 19, the brush strip 14 moves a little slower than the lower conveyor belt 3.

After the merger provided an outlet pipe 22 for removal of the package 7, and the output section 22 through the driven pressure roller 23 is compressed total packages 7 above, in particular under the action of gravity roller and swing arm. The output also includes a control total packages 7, the height of the investigated laser sensor, and the length of light probes. When mono roller can be fixed in the upper position.

1. The method of forming the package (7) existing in the form of a range of food product, in particular separately Packed circles cream cheese, characterized in that the total package (7) combine two have the same form stacks (2, 4) products in the form of circles, and the first stack (2) products for the first line (1) of delivery and the second stack (4) products on the second line of (3) delivery, respectively, in the supine position is transported using vehicles with the transport speed, and line (1, 3) delivery in parallel one above the another guide in the area (10) of the Association, and the upper line of (1) the delivery ends of the edge (6) to slide off, which defines the area (10) consolidation the Oia, and means for synchronizing regulate in such a way that the stack (2) products which are delivered on the edge (6) to slide, is placed flush on the stack (4) products which are transported on the bottom line of the delivery.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that both stacks (2, 4) products contain separately Packed circles processed cheese formulations.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the means for synchronization tool (15) capture, which is adjacent to the rear relative to the direction of transportation subject to both unite the stacks (2, 4) products and moves with the speed of fascination throughout the zone (10) of the Association, and the velocity of entrainment is greater than the speed of transportation, asked, in particular, a brush strip (14).

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the total package (7) both merged stacks (2, 4) create products with packaging, in particular in a sealed tightly sealed hose from the film.

5. Device for forming a common package (7) existing in the form of a range of food product, in particular for implementing the method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized by the first line (1) shipping for transporting the first pile (2) products in the supine position and the second line (3) of delivery for transportation in the supine position vtoro what about the pile (4) products moreover, each line of the delivery corresponds to the vehicle, which moves the corresponding stack (2, 4) with the speed of delivery, and both lines (1, 3) delivery in the zone (10) of the Association are located one above the other, with the top line (1) delivery in the zone (10) of the Association ends with the edge (6) to slide, and means are provided for synchronization, by which is secured flush laying on each other in a layer of the stack of products coming on the edge (6) for slipping on a pile of products transported on the bottom of the delivery line (3).

6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the flange (6) for slip formed inclined downwards sheet (12) to slide, and the inclination is set such that the edge (6) for sliding is a short distance above the surface of the pile (4) products which are transported on the lower line (3) delivery.

7. The device according to claim 6, characterized in that the sheet (12) to slide off may deviate upwards, in particular also to stop the top line (1) delivery.

8. The device according to claim 6, characterized in that the sides of the sheet to slip are transporting down the conveyor belt ("brush tape) (14), the surface of which is equipped with a large number of protruding pooch is s (20) of the bristles, and with the help of brush strips (14) is captured by a stack of products, is clamped between the tufts of bristles and goes down.

9. Device according to any one of pp.5-8, characterized in that the means for synchronization have an exciting device which includes acting on both lying one above the other lines shipping and moving with the speed of the capture the capture tool, in particular an exciting cross member (15).

10. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the rate of entrainment is greater than or at least equal to the highest speed of transportation, and the means (15) is attached to the back of both stacks (2, 4) products and sends it over the edge (6) to slide.

11. Device according to any one of pp.5-8, 10, characterized in that the means for synchronization has a light shutters for recognition of moving past the stacks of products and synchronization tapes for acceleration and deceleration moving past the stacks of products.

12. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the means for synchronization has a light shutters for recognition of moving past the stacks of products and synchronization tapes for acceleration and deceleration moving past the stacks of products.

13. The device according to claim 5, characterized by the output section (22) to remove the package (7), and in the exit area (22) through the slave is riingo roller crushed shared packages (7) above, in particular under the action of gravity roller and swing arm.

14. The overall package containing at least two stacks of products are individually Packed circles of the food product, in particular two stacks of products are individually Packed circles processed cheese formulations, formed, in particular, the method according to any one of claims 1 to 4.



 

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FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to stacking separate packed circles of melted cheese. In compliance with proposed method, package is made from two identical-shape stacks. First stack is carried by first transportation line and second stack are carried by second transportation line in horizontal position by conveyor. Both lines run parallel and one above the other each other into zone of stacks integration. Note here that top line terminates in slide-off edge that forms integration zone. Note here that there are synchronisation appliances adjusted so that the stack carried on the slide-off edge is placed flush with the stack carried by bottom line to produce common stack. Common stack comprises at least two stacks of melted cheese circles. The package is produced as described above.

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