Method of purposeful change of person's psychoemotional state by complex audio-visual stimulation

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to psychology, medicine, namely to symptomatic psychotherapy of diseases associated with disturbances of person's psychoemotional state. Estimation of patient's psychoemotional state is carried out by performing clinical-psychological examination with formulation of diagnosis. After that in accordance with psychotherapeutical aims, musical background is created, carrying and modulating frequency of sound vibrations are added for rhythm impact in spectrum of frequencies of natural electroencephalographic processes, and in colour images determined are predominating colour gamut, succession and frequency of colour image change for rhythm impact in spectrum of frequencies of natural electroencephalographic processes. Selected material is presented in form of videofilm, taking into account obtained patient's diagnostic data, after which it is shown to the patient.

EFFECT: method increases efficiency of impact on person's psychoemotional state, which takes into account presence in etiopathogenesis of biological, psychological and social factors, each of which needs correcting impacts, corresponding to its nature.

13 cl, 4 tbl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to psychology, medicine, namely to symptomatic therapy of diseases associated with impaired emotional state of the person.

There is a method to change the level of brain activity submission of sensory stimuli (application for a patent RU №2002131036, MKI A61N 1/18, publ. 20.05.2004,).

The disadvantages of this method is that this method for its realization requires special hardware. In auditory stimulation is not provided the musical background that does not allow the use of auditory associative processes for the correction of psycho-emotional state. Visual stimulation is no possibility to use graphic images that will not allow imagethere for the correction of psycho-emotional state. In connection with the above constraints, the efficiency of the method is low.

There is a method of correction of functional States (patent RU No. 2127135, MKI A61N 5/06, AV 5/0476, publ. 10.03.1999 year). Stimulation exercise coloured pulses in frequency and intensity in the wavelength range of the brainwaves in sync with the rhythms of pulse emission and breathing.

The disadvantage of this method is that this method does not involve auditory canal stimulation, which makes it impossible to musicotherapy is to use auditory associative processes for the correction of psycho-emotional state. Furthermore, the method requires sensors breathing and heartbeat, is implemented using computer IBM PC, is the high cost of hardware and software complex. In connection with the above limits the applicability of this method is limited.

There is a method of the directed regulation of emotional state of a person (patent RU No. 2033818, MKI AM 21/00, publ. 30.04.1995 year).

The method consists in the presentation of the person of audiovisual and music, providing the ability to transfer the person to the desired emotional state.

The disadvantages of this method is that it does not use frequency stimulation in the visual channel and frequency stimulation in the auditory channel to achieve the effect of mastering rhythm bioelectrical activity of the brain, which significantly reduces the effectiveness of its impact on the psycho-emotional state of the person.

Closest to the claimed method is a method of the directed regulation of emotional state of a person (the application for a patent RU №97117432, MKI AM 21/00, publ. 10.08.1999,). To assess emotional state of a patient in collecting and analyzing data of anamnesis, then select music, simulating the state of a pleasant soothing relaxation, and color images are chosen as the video is poison, including sequential images of flowers and works of high art, and execute the selected material in the form of audio cassettes. Techniques of rational psychotherapy enter the patient into a state of relaxation and then have him audiovisual composition in the form of audio cassettes, made individually for each patient using non-verbal-mental impact, taking into account the received diagnostic data of the patient.

The disadvantage is that this method does not use frequency stimulation in the visual channel and frequency stimulation in the auditory channel to achieve the effect of mastering rhythm bioelectrical activity of the brain, which significantly reduces the effectiveness of its impact on the psycho-emotional state of the person. Furthermore, the method is aimed at achieving a pleasant soothing relaxation that does not allow you to use it in cases when it is necessary to intensify the patient, which significantly limits the scope and gives the low efficiency of purposeful influence on the psycho-emotional state in these cases.

The task of the present invention is to increase the efficiency of purposeful influence on the psycho-emotional state of the person.

The deliver the task is achieved by that assessment of the emotional state of a patient by clinical psychological examination and diagnosis. In accordance with psychotherapeutic goals create the background music, add carrier and modulating the frequency of the sound vibrations to removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes, and in the color image to determine a dominant color scheme, the sequence and the frequency of change of color images for removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes. Then execute the selected material in the form of a video, taking into account the received diagnostic data of the patient, and present it to the patient.

Clinical psychological examination with diagnosis gives an opportunity to choose the direction of psychotherapeutic influence of remoteapi, color therapy, imagetree, music therapy in complex audiovisual compositions, namely calming, energising, to improve sleep

Removestate on visual and auditory analyzers in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes optimizes nervous processes in the cerebral cortex, eliminating the preconditions for the functioning of the generator pathologically enhanced excitation. Targeted groups who Finance the level of brain activity (activation or inhibition) due to removestate allows you to use it as a means of increasing susceptibility shown color images.

When electroencephalographic studies have shown that the electrical brain activity can follow different rhythmic stimuli, such as light flashes, an audible clicks, or binaural beats, if the repetition frequency of the stimulus is within the natural frequency range of the electrical potentials of the brain (0.5 to 42 Hz). This effect has been called brain entrainment and used for functional training of the nervous system in order to achieve the required conditions.

Color therapeutic effects of color images based on the fact that the dominant colours red-yellow part of the spectrum causes activation of the sympathetic nervous system and inhibits the parasympathetic nervous system. The dominant colors of blue-green part of the spectrum has a depressing effect on the sympathetic nervous system and activating on the parasympathetic nervous system. In this regard, the state of stress, anxiety can be adjusted by a presentation of images with a dominant blue-green color scheme, and States with lower mood, energy, activity - presenting images with a dominant red-and-yellow color scheme.

Sharing removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies electroencephalogr the specific processes and color images provides mutual reinforcement of specified effects. Red-yellow part of the spectrum increases electrical brain activity in the beta range from 14 Hz to 18 Hz. The blue-green part of the spectrum increases electrical brain activity in the alpha range of 9 Hz to 13 Hz and theta range from 4 Hz to 8 Hz.

Removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes and cvetovodstva not affect the higher mental processes, but only creates the conditions to facilitate arbitrary regulation of mental functions and autonomic reactions due to optimization of neural processes in the cerebral cortex.

Using color images and music within the framework of psychotherapy in complex audiovisual stimulation allows to include in the psychotherapeutic process associative links and creative imagination. The involvement of higher mental functions not only enhances the effect of the current removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes and color therapeutic effects of color images, but also allows you to respond problematic memories, to open a psychological defense mechanisms at the preverbal level.

Inclusion in the film slides in the descriptive part, containing text and graphics illustrate the usage of complex audiovisual stimuli for the production of the AI, where in a popular form tell us about the mechanisms of wave activity of the brain, the ability to manage your emotional state with comprehensive audio-visual stimulation and guidance, helps to motivate the patient to achieve a desired result, creates installation readiness for the intended positive changes in emotional state, which greatly contributes to the effectiveness of purposeful influence on the psycho-emotional state.

Creating background music, arranging music, makes it possible to predict the dynamics of change in emotional state of the patient while viewing the program complex audiovisual stimulation, to make the effect more focused on what contributes to the effectiveness of purposeful influence on the psycho-emotional state.

Creating background music, arranging music with backing sounds of nature allows you to use the Association with emotionally significant natural phenomena that contributes to the effectiveness of purposeful influence on the psycho-emotional state.

Creating background music, selecting the phonogram sounds of nature, allows you to dispense the patient's attention that sposobstvuet effectiveness of purposeful influence on the psycho-emotional state too anxious people.

The use of abstract color images allows you to access the symbolic aspects of associative thinking of the patient that addresses impacts to deeper layers of the unconscious and makes an impact on the psycho-emotional state more focused.

The scene color images allows you to affect the common Association associated with peace, tranquility, or vigour, activity, making an impact on the psycho-emotional state more targeted and effective.

Inclusion in the video verbal or imagistic information submitted on the level of subthreshold perception, eliminates critical processing the consciousness of the patient perceived information, which increases the suggestiveness of the impact and makes it more efficient.

Thus, the integrated use of removestate musical background with the addition of the carrier and modulating frequencies of the sound vibrations in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes, as well as the sequence and frequency shifts of color images for removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes with color therapeutic effects of color images significantly increases the effectiveness of psycho-emotional status is their man, that meets the requirements of modern psychotherapy, taking into account the presence in the etiopathogenesis of biological, psychological and social factors, each of which needs correcting impacts, appropriate to its nature.

Selected for integrated audiovisual stimulation material present in the form of a video in a digital format that ensures the safety of the quality of selected material, regardless of storage time.

Digital format chosen is suitable for playback on home video (DVD player). The ease of use of the film on home video equipment, requiring no special training, no strict requirements to the venue of the session makes it possible to use this method not only in a medical facility, but also in everyday life.

Record video on digital media (CD, DVD, flash card, etc. makes it easy to replicate and to transport the film with comprehensive audio-visual stimulation, making it more accessible to patients.

The presentation of complex audiovisual composition in the form of a video, the group of patients with similar symptoms at the same time, saves staff time involved in conducting sessions comprehensively the audiovisual stimulation, to improve throughput of psychotherapeutic treatments.

The method is as follows.

Assessment of emotional state of a patient by clinical psychological examination with diagnosis using techniques: scale jet (situational) and trait anxiety Cdecember - Uljanin, the method of "self-esteem mental state: health, General activity, mood (SAN)"Symptomatic questionnaire Alexandrovich questionnaire "MMPI"or similar.

In accordance with psychotherapeutic goals create the background music, add carrier and modulating the frequency of the sound vibrations to removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes, and in the color image to determine a dominant color scheme, the sequence and the frequency of change of color images for removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes, execute the selected material in the form of a video, taking into account the received diagnostic data of the patient.

For patients with symptoms of a major depressive episode of the mild, dysthymia, brief depressive reaction, due to disorder, prolonged depressive reaction, due to Rosstroy the PTO adaptation create a video with energising comprehensive audio-visual stimulation with the dominant colours of the images in the red and yellow part of the spectrum and frequency of change of color images, as well as the frequency of sound vibrations to removestate in the alpha range of 9 Hz to 13 Hz) and beta range from 14 Hz to 18 Hz.

For patients with symptoms of phobic anxiety disorders, panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, mixed anxiety and depressive disorders created a video that contains soothing comprehensive audio-visual stimulation with the dominant colours of the images in the blue-green part of the spectrum and frequency of change of color images, as well as the frequency of sound vibrations to removestate in the alpha range of 9 Hz to 13 Hz and theta range from 4 Hz to 8 Hz.

For patients with symptoms of insomnia nonorganic etiology, disorders of sleep and wakefulness inorganic etiology created a video that contains soothing comprehensive audiovisual stimulation to sleep with the dominant colours of the images in the blue-green part of the spectrum and frequency of change of color images, as well as the frequency of sound vibrations to removestate in theta range from 4 Hz to 8 Hz and Delta range from 2.5 Hz to 3.5 Hz.

View film may contain descriptive part, which is showcasing the slides containing text and graphical illustrations, where popular form tells about the mechanisms of wave activity of the brain, the ability to manage your emotional state through a comprehensive audiovisual stimulation, guidance on the use of the integrated programme of audiovisual stimulation contained in the video. Thus, the preliminary preparation of the patient within the framework of rational psychotherapy with the aim of creating a setup to get rid of the symptoms and achieve the desired state.

The film is mounted in a digitized version on PC IBM PC. The video is recorded on digital media (CD, DVD, flash card, etc. in a format suitable for playback on home video (DVD player).

The patient in a darkened room seated in a comfortable chair in front of the TV (or computer monitor). In a DVD player connected to the TV (or computer with CD/DVD-ROM), start playback narrative film. After viewing discuss with the patient presents information, answer questions.

Then the patient is given instructions to wear headphones connected to the audio reproducing video equipment, take Udo is a great position relax, look through the screen into the distance, spreading their attention between observation shimmering colors on the screen and sounds in the headphones, and run portion of the video program an integrated audiovisual stimulation.

After the end of the session discuss with the patient his condition.

Subsequent sessions are conducted similarly, except for the demonstration of the narrative of the video.

Sessions are held at any time except that sessions with energising program should not be assigned later, seventeen hours, and sessions with calming program for sleep are assigned directly before going to sleep.

Sessions can be conducted in group variation by using a multimedia projector and a large screen.

The dynamics of the patient's condition is monitored by repeated clinical and psychological examinations with the use of these techniques.

The method was successfully tested at the Department of hospital therapy of the Volgograd medical University-based cardiology and physical therapy Department of the city clinical hospital No. 25 regional.

Patient No. 8 dated 14.04.2008, Woman, 48 years old, engineer.

Clinical psychological examination diagnosis has allowed to establish that the patient: arterial Hypertension, the degree of arterial g is mertensii 2, risk III, HSN I FC syndrome phobic anxiety disorders, sick 4 year.

Complaints about increased blood pressure to 160/100 mm Hg, poor sleep, irritability, anxiety, headaches. Exacerbation of symptoms of the disease is associated with stressful family situation that occurred a month ago. Objective examination of the lungs vesicular breath without wheezing. Heart sounds clean, rhythmic. Percutere the left border of the heart to one inch outwards from the mid-clavicle line. Blood pressure: 155/105 mm Hg

In psychological questionnaire scale jet (situational) and trait anxiety Cdecember - Uljanin findings of situational anxiety - 65 points, trait anxiety - 63 points.

In psychological questionnaire methods "SAN" the data on total activity 60 points, mood - 68 points.

The MMPI profile increase on the scale of 1'2"3'.

The patient is recommended inpatient treatment with antihypertensive therapy. As psychotherapeutic goals you choose to create a calm, balanced relationship to family traumatic situations.

To achieve psychotherapeutic purpose, we created a video that contains soothing comprehensive audio-visual stimulation with the dominant colors of the image is in the blue-green part of the spectrum and frequency of change of color images for removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes in the alpha range of 9 Hz to 13 Hz and theta range from 4 Hz to 8 Hz. Color images were selected landscapes - rivers and meadows. Created background music by arrangements of musical compositions calm tempo and lyrical direction with backing sounds of nature and the added carrier and modulating frequency sound vibrations to removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes in the alpha range of 9 Hz to 13 Hz and theta range from 4 Hz to 8 Hz.

The descriptive part of the video consisted of slides containing text and graphical illustrations, where in a popular form described the mechanisms of wave activity of the brain, the ability to manage your emotional state with comprehensive audio-visual stimulation.

The film was mounted in a digitized version on PC IBM PC and recorded on DVD.

The video was presented to the patient using a DVD player connected to the TV in a darkened room once daily for ten days.

After the end of the session discussed with the patient in her condition.

After the third session, the patient reported an improvement in their psychological state, said that the procedures she likes, after they felt a "peace and tranquility".

After the fifth session on the background normalization of blood pressure was with Irena basic drug therapy.

After the tenth session, blood pressure stabilized at upper normal limits were implemented drug maintenance therapy.

Improved psycho-emotional state: normalized sleep, decreased irritability and acclicense to stressful factors, increased mood.

In psychological questionnaire scale jet (situational) and trait anxiety Cdecember - Uljanin" after a course of complex audiovisual stimulation yielded data on situational anxiety - 40 points, trait anxiety - 34 points.

In psychological questionnaire methods "SAN" after a course of complex audiovisual stimulation obtained data on total activity - 64 points, mood - 80 points.

Profile MMPI - a decrease on the scale 2.

Patient No. 38 dated 04.09.2008, Male 38 years old, a businessman.

Clinical psychological examination diagnosis has allowed to establish that the patient has Hypertension stage I, the degree AG, risk, HSN, brief depressive reaction, due to disorder, ill 2 years.

Complaints about increased blood pressure to 150/95 mm Hg, poor sleep, decreased mood, fatigue, reduced performance, and headaches. Exacerbation of symptoms of the disease is associated with in snikki for the past two weeks, troubles at work, which was preceded by a long period of intensive work. The burdened heredity (parents suffer AG).

Objective examination of the lungs vesicular breath without wheezing. Heart sounds clean, rhythmic. Percutere the left border of the heart in the mid-clavicle line. Blood pressure: 145/93 mm Hg

In psychological questionnaire scale jet (situational) and trait anxiety Cdecember - Uljanin findings of situational anxiety - 50 points, trait anxiety - 37 points.

In psychological questionnaire methods "SAN" the data on total activity - 36 scores, mood - 42 points.

The MMPI profile increase on the scale 2 and the lower on the scale 9.

The patient is recommended inpatient treatment with antihypertensive therapy. As psychotherapeutic goals you choose to create active, active position in relation to the problematic situations at work.

To achieve psychotherapeutic purpose, we created a video that contains energising a comprehensive audio-visual stimulation with the dominant colours of the images in the red and yellow part of the spectrum and frequency of change of color images for removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes in the alpha range of 9 Hz to 13 Hz) and beta is the range of 14 Hz to 18 Hz.

As color images was selected landscape of the rising sun. Created background music by arrangements of musical compositions quickening of pace and a major focus, with the phonogram sounds of the awakening of nature and the added carrier and modulating frequency sound vibrations to removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes in the alpha range of 9 Hz to 13 Hz) and beta range from 14 Hz to 18 Hz.

The descriptive part of the video consisted of slides containing text and graphical illustrations, where in a popular form described the mechanisms of wave activity of the brain, the ability to manage your emotional state with comprehensive audio-visual stimulation.

The film was mounted in a digitized version on PC IBM PC and recorded on DVD.

The video was presented to the patient using a DVD player connected to the TV in a darkened room once daily for ten days.

After the end of the session discussed with the patient in her condition.

After the fifth session, the patient had marked improvement in mood, "the troubles away".

After the seventh session on the background normalization of blood pressure was cancelled drug therapy.

After the tenth session the and blood pressure stabilized at upper normal limits, carried out non-pharmacological therapy.

Improved psycho-emotional state: improved mood, appeared a gleam in his eyes, activity, liveliness reactions, the desire to return to work.

In psychological questionnaire scale jet (situational) and trait anxiety Cdecember - Uljanin" after a course of complex audiovisual stimulation yielded data on situational anxiety - 40 points, trait anxiety - 30 points.

In psychological questionnaire methods "SAN" after a course of complex audiovisual stimulation obtained data on total activity - 66 points, mood - 70 points.

The MMPI profile - raising on a scale of 9.

Thus, the data obtained in the dynamics before and after exposure to complex audiovisual stimulation, strongly suggest the possibility of a effectively directed to change the level of emotional tension.

Evaluation of the effectiveness of a course of treatment using the proposed method was carried out in 47 patients of the hospital.

Leading diseases for which the patients were hospitalized, were:

1. Coronary heart disease (CHD), unstable angina, postinfarction cardiosclerosis;

2. Arterial hypertension;

3. Dyscirculatory encephalopathy I, II, III degree is it;

4. Peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer;

5. Chronic cholecystitis and chronic pancreatitis;

6. Rheumatoid arthritis.

Inclusion criteria:

- patients 18 to 65 years;

- verified diagnosis of somatic disease;

- impairment criteria for neurasthenia (F48), disorder type mixed anxiety-depressive reaction (F43.2), generalized anxiety disorder (F41.1), mixed anxiety and depressive disorder (F41.2) according to ICD-10.

Exclusion criteria:

pregnancy and breast-feeding, epilepsy and convulsive state history, alcoholism and abuse of psychoactive drugs, schizophrenia, cerebrovascular disorders in the stage of decompensation.

A control group of 15 people were inpatients aged 18 to 65 years with leading diseases: 1. Coronary heart disease (CHD), unstable angina, postinfarction cardiosclerosis; 2. Arterial hypertension; 3. Dyscirculatory encephalopathy I, II, III degrees; 4. Peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer; 5. Chronic cholecystitis and chronic pancreatitis; 6. Rheumatoid arthritis. Patients were examined twice: at the time of admission and after two weeks of hospital stay.

The patients selected for the course integrated the th audiovisual stimulation, were divided into two groups: with the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety disorders (anxiety, panic, fear) and with the prevalence of depressive symptoms with a decrease in mood, energy, activity.

The results of working with patients with a predominance of symptoms of anxiety disorders (anxiety, panic, fear) using calming program audiovisual stimulation are presented in tables 1 and 2.

The result: TEMF=31.5.

The critical values of T for n=32

No.Tkr
0.010.05
32140175

Figure 1 shows the axle significance to table 1.

The empirically obtained value of TEMFsituated in the area of significance

The result: TEMF=16.5.

The critical values of T for n=32

No.Tkr
0.010.05
32140 175

Figure 2 presents the axis of significance table 2.

The empirically obtained value of TEMFsituated in the area of significance.

As is seen in tables 1 and 2 data in patients after a course of integrated audiovisual stimulation was significantly decreased level of situational and personal anxiety, while in the control group significant dynamics were recorded. The data presented indicate a reduction of symptoms of anxiety-phobic spectrum of patients after a course of complex audiovisual stimulation with calming program.

The results of working with patients with a predominance of depressive symptoms with a decrease in mood, energy, activity, using energy-generating program audiovisual stimulation are presented in table 3 and 4.

The result: TEMF=3.

The critical values of T for n=15

No.Tkr
0.010.05
151930

Figure 3 presents the axle significance to table 3.

Received the mpirical a value of T EMFsituated in the area of significance.

Table 4
Calculation of T-test, Wilcoxon indicators for General activity by the method of "SAN" in the experimental group.
No.The sentiment index in pointsShift (tafter-tto)The absolute value of shiftRank number shift
until of course complex audiovisual stimulation (t-to)after a course of complex audiovisual stimulation (t)
Patient No. 33587214148
Patient No. 34506010105
Patient No. 3546742828 14
Patient No. 363860222212
Patient No. 37405212126.5
Patient No. 384878303015
Patient No. 393662262613
Patient No. 406460-442.5
Patient No. 41445612126.5
Patient No. 42526816169.5
Patient No. 435270181811
Patient No. 444852442.5
Patient No. 454250884
Patient No. 464648221
Patient No. 47385416169.5
The sum of ranks of atypical changes:2.5

The result: TEMF=2.5.

The critical values of T for n=15

tr>
No.TKr
0.010.05
151930

4 shows the axis of significance table 4.

The empirically obtained value of TEMFsituated in the area of significance.

As is seen in tables 4 and 5 data, patients after a course of integrated audiovisual stimulation was significantly improved mood and overall activity, while in the control group significant dynamics were recorded.

These data indicate changes in the condition of patients with a predominance of reduced mood, energycost towards activation after a course of complex audiovisual stimulation with energising program.

After a course of integrated audiovisual stimulation in the prevailing majority of patients showed a significant improvement in mood, decrease anxiety, the disappearance of a sense of lethargy and apathy, sleep improvement.

1. The way purposefully changing emotional state of a person through an integrated audiovisual stimulation, namely, that assess emotional state of a patient, pick up the background music, choose color images, simulating a certain emotional condition, execute Ottobrunn the second material in the form of a video, taking into account the received diagnostic data of the patient, and then present it to the patient, wherein the assessment of the emotional state of a patient by clinical psychological examination with diagnosis, in accordance with psychotherapeutic goals create the background music, add carrier and modulating the frequency of the sound vibrations to removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes, and in the color image to determine a dominant color scheme, the sequence and the frequency of change of color images for removestate in the spectrum of natural frequencies of EEG processes.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the selected material is present in the form of a video in a digital format.

3. The method according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the digital format is chosen for playback on home video equipment - DVD players.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the video recording on media digital media - CD, DVD, flash card.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the video contains two parts: descriptive and contains a comprehensive audiovisual stimulation.

6. The method according to claims 1, 5, characterized in that the narrative of the film show the slides containing text and graphy is a mini illustrate the usage of complex audiovisual stimulation, where in a popular form tell us about the mechanisms of wave activity of the brain, the ability to manage your emotional state through a comprehensive audiovisual stimulation, recommendations are given.

7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the background music create, and arrange musical composition.

8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the background music create, selecting the phonogram sounds of nature.

9. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the background music create, arranging music with backing sounds of nature.

10. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the color images can be abstract or narrative.

11. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the film contains descriptive information.

12. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the film contains a verbal or figurative information submitted on the level of subthreshold perception.

13. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the presentation of complex audiovisual composition in the form of a video, hold the group of patients with similar symptoms at the same time.



 

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FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to orthopaedics. Electroencephalogram is recorded to assess the potential rhythm transitions and probable combinations of rhythm transitions. A rhythm transition probability matrix is composed by their values. Then total probability consisting of potential theta-theta rhythm, theta-alpha 1 rhythm, alpha 1-alpha 1 rhythm transitions is evaluated. If the derived value is 20 and more, high risk of progressing scoliosis is predicted. Total probability of alpha 2-alpha 2 rhythm, beta 1-beta 1 rhythm, alpha 2-beta 1 rhythm transitions being 16 and more enabled to predict low risk of progressing scoliosis.

EFFECT: method extends the range of products for scoliosis course prediction.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: clinical-laboratory examination in bleeding is performed, and when observing a noncomplicated form of JUB, normal blood serum gonadotropin concentration, endometrium thickness 6-8 mm and follicle diametre less than 6 mm, a clinical form of JUB corresponding to first EEG version, i.e. norm is diagnosed. In case of a complicated form of JUB, lower FSH concentration, normal blood serum luteotrophin concentration, endometrium thickness 9-10 mm, and follicle diametre 10 to 35 mm, a JUB form is considered to correspond to second EEG version, i.e. diffuse changes shown. A complicated or combined form of JUB, lower blood serum gonadotropin concentration, endometrium thickness 10 mm and more, follicle diametre more than 35 mm, glandular hyperplasia or polyp of endometrium show a JUB form that corresponds to the third EEG version, i.e. dysfunctional changes of bioelectric cerebral activity.

EFFECT: selected forms of juvenile uterine bleedings reflect a clinical course more completely.

4 tbl, 1 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to otoneurology, occupational medicine, and neurophysiology. Electroencephalogram during rest is recorded, spectral and coherence analysis is performed, and the average levels of interhemispheric coherence (ihC) are calculated. In the patients under 15 years of work, if ihC is less than 0.5 in F3F4 leads for the delta and teta ranges, ihC is less than 0.4 in F7F8 and P3P4 leads for the delta range, ihC is less than 0.5 in C3C4 lead for the teta range, ihC is less than 0.35 in T5T6 lead for the teta range; with length of work within 16-20 years, if ihC is less than 0.5 in F3F4 lead for the delta range, ihC is less than 0.5 in F7F8 lead for the alpha range; period of work over 26 years, if ihC is less than 0.5 in F3F4 and Fp1Fp2 leads for the teta range, ihC is less than 0.55 in C3C4 lead for the teta range, initial manifestation of sensorineural deafness is diagnosed. For length of work within 21 to 25 years, no criteria of high sensitivity indices and specificity of medical test are revealed; therefore audiology examination is required for these patients.

EFFECT: method extends the range of products for detecting early signs of sensorineural deafness in persons exposed to the integrated effect of production factors.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine and to psychiatry. Electroencephalography and coherent analysis of EEG are applied before administration of an oral test dose of Paxyl 20 mg. It is followed with homolateral calculation of the average zonal indexes in the right and left cerebral hemispheres between frontal and anterior temporal, anterior temporal and middle, and between middle and frontal cortical regions. An interhemispheric asymmetry parametre is calculated by dividing the average zonal index in the right hemisphere by the average zonal index of the left hemisphere. If the interhemispheric asymmetry parametre is decreased more than 3.8% as compared with the reference value, a positive effect of Paxyl in the integrated treatment of anxious disorders is predicted.

EFFECT: method extends the range of products for prediction of Paxyl effectiveness in the integrated treatment of anxious disorders.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to psychiatry. It involves clinical electroencephalography to detect an interhemispheric asymmetry. It is followed with the coherent analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG), determination of an average zonal indexes of the right and left cerebral hemispheres calculated homolaterally in all frequency ranges between frontal and anterior temporal, anterior temporal and middle, and also between middle and frontal cortical regions. The interhemispheric asymmetry parametre is calculated by dividing the average zonal index of the right hemisphere by the average zonal index of the left hemisphere. If the interhemispheric asymmetry parametre is more than 1.03, generalised anxious disorder is diagnosed.

EFFECT: method extends the range of products for diagnostics of generalised anxious disorder.

1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, and to neurophysiology and pulmonology. It involves clinical electroencephalography prior to and two hours after administration of a single oral test dose of Grandaxin 50 mg. A coherent analysis of EEG follows. There are calculated an average zone coherence index in all frequency ranges between frontal and anterior temporal, and between frontal and middle temporal cortical regions of a right cerebral hemisphere. If the average zone coherence index is decreased more than 5% as compared with the reference value, a positive effect of Grandaxin in the integrated treatment of bronchial asthma is predicted.

EFFECT: method extends the range of products for prediction of effectiveness of Grandaxin in the integrated treatment of bronchial asthma.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to neurology, neurosurgery. It involves electrical stimulation with using an implanted electrical stimulator to stimulate the nerves of a carotid sinus reflexogenic zone. To specify the current parametres, the diagnostic electrical stimulation sessions are performed wherein electroencephalogram (EEG) before and after session is recorded and analysed. The diagnostic sessions are performed at electric current frequencies: 1-3 Hz, 4-7 Hz, 8-13 Hz, 14-30 Hz, 31-150 Hz, at pulse amplitude 5 to 15 mA and pulse duration 0.1 to 0.5 ms; the session length at each frequency is within 30 seconds to 3 minutes; the sessions are randomly sequenced. When analysing the EEG for the therapeutic sessions, there are specified frequency range to decrease a number of epileptogenic waves at least by 1.5 times, and when performing the therapeutic sessions, the current pulse amplitude is reduced at least in 3 times. The repeated specification of the optimal current parametres for electrical stimulation is performed every 1-6 months.

EFFECT: method extends the range of aids for treating epilepsy.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 1 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: electrostimulation by implanted electrostimulator is carried out. Radiofrequency electrostimulation of carotid sinus reflexogenic zone nerves is carried out by pulse current with parametres 30-150 Hz, with pulse duration 0.1-0.5 ms, amplitude 0.1-0.5 mA. Optimal parametres of electrostimulation current are selected individually by data of electroencephalography, by selecting frequencies, with exposure to which, not less than 1.5 time reduction of rate of paroxysmal activity occurrence takes place after 15-minute diagnostic electrostimulation. Medicinal electrostimulation is carried out with intervals between sessions from 4 to 6 hours and duration of each session 5-15 minutes.

EFFECT: method extends arsenal of means for treatment of epilepsy.

1 tbl, 1 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: device for measurement of relaxation level includes detachable sensors of frequency of brain electromagnetic activity, signal amplifier, connected with microcontroller, which is provided with digital indicator, warning system and switch of threshold value. By means of device for measurement of relaxation level before relaxation at each session checked is initial level of person's biosignals, representing frequency of brain electromagnetic activity, obtained by means of sensors of electromagnetic activity, located in cervical zone of head. By frequency of electromagnetic activity planned level of relaxation is set and process of relaxation is initiated, and after planned level of relaxation is achieved, warning signal from warning system is obtained.

EFFECT: invention extends arsenal of means for measurement and control of relaxation level.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to psychiatry. Clinical electroencephalographic examination with coherent electroencephalogram analysis is carried out. Coefficients of average coherence (CAC) are determined in the range from 0 to 32 Hz of occipital and frontal regions. CAC are determined between occipital and frontal, central, anterior-, medial- and posterior-temporal cortical zones of ipsi- and contralateral hemisphere. Then in the same manner CAC are determined between frontal regions and central, parietal, occipital, anterior-, medial- and posterior-temporal cortical zones of ipsi- and contralateral hemisphere. CAC ratio between occipital and frontal regions (occipital-frontal coefficient - OFC) is calculated and if OFC value is higher than 0.85, unfavourable course of non-psychotic versions of psychoorganic syndrome is estimated.

EFFECT: method extends arsenal of means for estimating severity of clinical course of non-psychotic versions of psychoorganic syndrome.

6 ex

FIELD: medicine, neurology, psychopathology, neurosurgery, neurophysiology, experimental neurobiology.

SUBSTANCE: one should simultaneously register electroencephalogram (EEG) to detect the level of constant potential (LCP). At LCP negativization and increased EEG power one should detect depolarizational activation of neurons and enhanced metabolism. At LCP negativization and decreased EEG power - depolarized inhibition of neurons and metabolism suppression. At LCP positivation and increased EEG power - either repolarized or hyperpolarized activation of neurons and enhanced metabolism. At LCP positivation and decreased EEG power - hyperpolarized suppression of neurons and decreased metabolism of nervous tissue. The method enables to correctly detect therapeutic tactics due to simultaneous LCP and EEG registration that enables to differentiate transition from one functional and metabolic state into another.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.

5 dwg, 1 ex, 1 tbl

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