System of floor covering with ornament of large size on floor covering

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: laminated elements of flooring include decorative ornaments produced by mechanical impression with matching of surfaces texture, embedded peripheries and fixation mechanisms. By placement of parts of decorative ornaments along edges of flooring elements, it is possible to form periodic ornament of floor covering, which has dimensions exceeding dimensions of a single element of flooring, and which stretches both along length and width of flooring elements row.

EFFECT: reduction of labour inputs in installation of flooring elements with decorative ornaments and improved operational properties of floor.

40 cl, 43 dwg

 

The present invention relates to laminated materials. More precisely, the present invention relates to a floor covering of laminated materials with a locking connection with decorative drawings (design elements) and surface texture obtained by mechanical embossing with a combination in accordance with their decorative designs.

Due to its appearance and sensations at the touch of traditional building and finishing materials for floor coverings, such as precious woods, stove, granite, stones, bricks and concrete, as a rule, are preferred for consumers. However, for such traditional building and finishing materials floor coverings tend to be expensive to manufacture and install. For example, despite the fact that the solid wood floor is greatly appreciate luxurious appearance, the cost of materials and labor required for the installation of such floors can be prohibitive.

There are many alternatives to traditional construction and finishing materials floor coverings, including laminates, such as high pressure laminates (HPL - high pressure laminates), direct pressure laminates (DPL - direct-pressure laminates) and the constant pressure laminates (CPL - continuous-pressure laminates). However, such alternatives as the government is about, not have a realistic appearance and texture of traditional building and finishing materials for floor coverings. For example, most of the alternatives, with the outer surface with the appearance under the tree, look artificial and can easily be identified as something other than real wood. In addition, despite the fact that plates of high quality laminates high pressure laminates direct pressure or constant pressure laminates visually can be in the form of a tree, textures clearly show that they are not wooden.

One problem associated with most alternatives to traditional construction and finishing materials floor coverings, is that the texture of their surfaces do not meet their decorative drawings. For example, the visual image of the knots in the wood on alternative materials for floor coverings do not meet the characteristics of the surface texture of the knots in the wood. Accordingly, the attractiveness of these alternative materials is significantly reduced.

One approach, used for matching the surface texture of alternative materials for floor coverings with their decorative drawings, includes a technology known as chemical embossing. The chemical embossed surface texture is Alt ERN material create through chemical reactions paint, which forms a decorative pattern, with a substance that is added to the subsurface layer. Despite the fact that the result to some extent it is successful, the resulting surface texture tends not to have a clarity of texture and three-dimensional characteristics of traditional materials.

As an alternative to traditional construction and finishing materials floor coverings laminated materials may be subjected to mechanical embossing to obtain a surface texture. See, for example, the patent application U.S. 09/903807 and U.S. patent No.6401415, which is hereby incorporated in this application by reference. Such methods allow to obtain printed (ornamented) with a combination of laminated material having a decorative drawings and relevant high-quality three-dimensional textures. Printed with a combination of laminated materials require precise alignment of the mechanical embossing and decorative figure. The advantage embossed with a combination of laminated materials is that they can realistically reproduce the appearance of traditional products and the feeling when touched to traditional products.

Regardless of what type of system floor covering is used, the system floor covering must be able to l is gamu moving it to the construction site (the site), and when this should be easy and quick installation. For this purpose, the mechanisms for assembling and fixing can be included in a system of floor coverings for easy installation on site. One type of mechanism for assembling and fixing is the system sportowego connections used to connect the panels. It should be borne in mind that such systems sheet compounds disclosed in U.S. patent No.2057135 in the name of Cherry and in U.S. patent No.2046593 in the name of Urbain. For example, figure 1 can be interpreted as illustrating the system 11 sportowego connection, which uses clamps 12 to bond the panels together.

It is believed that another type of mechanism Assembly and fixing disclosed in U.S. patent No.3946529 name Chevaux, in which the system 13 floor covering is shown as connected through the use of sportowego connection located under the floor, see figure 2.

Another mechanism of Assembly and fixing disclosed in U.S. patent No.5295341 name Kajiwara. In this case, means that the laminated plate is made with the system to connect them together with a snap, such as grooved connection. In the laminated plate can be assembled without glue. As shown in figure 3, the laminated plate is made with a locking mechanism in the form of connector 16 with the tongue and connector 18 with a comb. Put the spruce 16 with the tongue is protruding dowels 20, while the ridge 18 is made with a pair of diverging in the direction of the forward side walls 22 and 24, which are separated by an elongated groove 26. The side walls have a rear locking surface 28 and 36. The side walls can be compressed together to allow the commit.

Another type of mechanism (means) for Assembly and fixation represents a connection with a snap, as proposed in U.S. patent No.6101778 name Märtensson. As shown in figure 4, provides that the laminated plate is made with locking means consisting of a tongue 6 and the ridge 7, which form a sheet pile connection. The tongue 6 and groove 7 can be made of waterproof material and are connected together by snap through part 9, part of the groove 4.

Although the above mechanisms (means) for Assembly and fixing proven their usefulness, they are not used together with systems from embossed with a combination of laminate, which is embossed with a combination of decorative pictures or graphic elements are combined in the connections between individual printed with a combination of laminated elements. This significantly impairs the visual impression and the impression of the texture of systems consisting of embossed with a combination of laminated plates. Therefore, the new system of embossed with a combination of l is mined elements, in which visual and textural patterns "pass through" connection while maintaining features embossed with a combination of elements that would have been preferable. Even more preferable would be a system of embossed with a combination of laminated elements, consisting of staple printed with a combination of laminated plates, in which visual and textural patterns "pass through" connection, while maintaining features embossed with a combination of elements.

In addition, the above system of floor coverings have relatively low wear resistance. Despite the lack of desire to be limited to any particular theory as a hypothesis it is assumed that premature wear begins on the peripheral edges, or near peripheral edges and/or along the lines sportowego connection. Above floor surfaces have essentially uniform surface texture, so that the center and the periphery of each panel are in contact with users (e.g. pedestrians) equally. However, the periphery of each panel is much weaker compared to the center of the panel and therefore damaged first.

In addition, the system of floor coverings, as a rule, do not have decorative designs or patterns, which have a length greater than d is inu element Board (plank). For example, a floor covering that is designed to reproduce the wooden floor with wooden planks, the length of the pattern in the form of strips of wood, usually equal to the length of one element of the flooring or less than the length of one element of the flooring. This is desirable in systems of flooring prior art related to this invention, since it does not require one who mounts the floor, "plan", whereas more than one item of flooring for the installed flooring element.

Accordingly, there is a need for workable method of manufacturing such an alternative construction or finishing materials that have a realistic appearance, create a sense of traditional products and they have an increased ability to resist premature wear and which uses a minimum number of elements of the deck while maintaining the possibility of creating a set of drawings or pattern elements with a length exceeding the length of one element of the flooring.

Accordingly, the present invention is the creation of a floor covering with embossed with a combination, which greatly mitigates one or more of the problems due to limitations and disadvantages of prior art relevant to astasia invention.

The advantage of the present invention is that a system of floor covering with embossed with a combination that includes separate adjacent elements flooring with embossed with a combination of decorative drawings, in which at least one element of texture to the surface and decorative pattern essentially combined the neighboring elements of the flooring.

Another advantage of the present invention is that a system of floor covering with embossed with a combination comprising bonded with providing mutual fixation elements flooring with embossed with a combination of decorative drawings, in which at least one element of texture to the surface and decorative pattern essentially combined the neighboring elements of the flooring so that the essentially continuous, printed with a combination of patterns are formed on the elements flooring, sealed with providing mutual commit.

Another advantage of the present invention is that a system of floor covering with embossed with a combination, which may include, for example, elements of the flooring, the surface of the periphery of each individual element of the flooring can be made hollow, so that the upper surface of the periphery of the elements n the Steele floor will be below the portion of the upper surface of the elements flooring, surrounded by the periphery.

Another advantage of the present invention is that the generated item of flooring has many sides forming a periphery; a lot of fringe patterns, which are located near at least one of the first section of the periphery, with at least two of the sets of boundary patterns are essentially identical; and at least one pattern is large in size, located near a variety of boundary patterns and near at least one of the second segment of the periphery, with at least one pattern of a large size and a regional pattern, located next to at least one pattern of a large size, form an essentially continuous pattern.

Another advantage of the present invention is that a system of floor covering that contains at least two elements of the deck, located next to each other along a predetermined direction, each element of flooring contains many sides forming a periphery; a lot of fringe patterns, which are located near at least one of the first section of the periphery, with at least two of the sets of boundary patterns are essentially identical; and at least one pattern is large in size, located near a variety of boundary patterns and near, at least one in the plot showing the periphery, in this case, at least one pattern of a large size and a regional pattern that is located near at least one pattern of a large size, form an essentially continuous pattern; in this case, the regional patterns of at least two elements of the deck form essentially continuous pattern.

An additional advantage of the present invention is that the floor panel, having many sides forming a periphery; a surface on which a decorative pattern, with the specified decorative pattern includes at least two boundary pattern adjacent to each side panel, and at least one pattern is large in size, located on the inner side of the panel and near the edge pattern on each side, with at least one edge pattern along the side is essentially identical to the regional pattern, in the appropriate place along the opposite side; and at least one part of the decorative pattern along the side is significantly different from the corresponding part of the decorative pattern along the opposite side.

Additional characteristics and advantages of the invention will be described in the following description, and will partly be obvious from the description, or they can be identified when implementing the invention in practical use the ke. Data and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure, which is highlighted in the written description and in the claims, and attached drawings.

It should be understood that both the foregoing General description and the following detailed description given by way of example for explanation and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as it is disclosed in the claims.

Accompanying drawings, providing additional understanding of the invention, included in the description and forming part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

In the drawings:

figure 1 illustrates the mechanism (means) for Assembly and fixation of the prior art relating to the present invention;

figure 2 illustrates another mechanism (means) for Assembly and fixation of the prior art relating to the present invention;

figure 3 illustrates another mechanism (means) for Assembly and fixation of the prior art relating to the present invention;

figure 4 illustrates another mechanism (means) for Assembly and fixation of the prior art relating to the present invention;/p>

figure 5 illustrates a perspective view of the components in the printed combining the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

6 illustrates a press for stamping, made with the possibility of manufacturing printed combining elements of the floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig.7 illustrates embossed with a combination of the element of flooring in accordance with one aspect of the present invention;

Fig illustrates a top view of the system printed combining elements of flooring in accordance with another aspect of the present invention;

Fig.9 illustrates the cross section along the line 9-9 shown in Fig;

figure 10 illustrates a top view of the system printed combining elements of flooring in accordance with another aspect of the present invention;

11 illustrates a cross-section along the line 11-11 shown in figure 10;

figa and 12B illustrate schematic views, including peripheral area surface element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figa and 13B illustrate a system of floor covering in accordance with another aspect of the present invention;

figa-14C illustrate cited as an example of an element of the flooring system floor covering in accordance with another and the aspect of the present invention;

figa-15TH illustrated are given by way of example, the method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig to illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figa-17D illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig to illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figa-19D illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig to illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig to illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figa-22D illustrate cited as an example of a method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig illustri is the duty to regulate shown as an example of a method of forming patterns on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig to illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns of the first size on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig to illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns of the second size on the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig to illustrate as an example the method of forming patterns of the third dimension in the element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

Below is a detailed description of embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

Figure 5 generally illustrates the components of an element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

As shown in figure 5, the system floor covering with embossed with a combination may include, for example, at least one element of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each element of the flooring may include tiled base 34, made of a base material (for example, from fibreboard medium or high density chipboard etc), at least one base sheet 36 (for example, a sheet of Kraft paper impregnated with serene the specific resins and located above and/or below tile base 34, sheet 38 of the decorative paper having a thickness of approximately 0.15 mm and impregnated with resin, capable of polymerization (for example, phenols, such as melamine), located on tile basis, and at least one protective outer (imposed from the top) sheet 30 that is located on top sheet 38 of the decorative paper. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each of the protective outer sheet 30 can be formed from highly resistant paper, impregnated with a solution of melamine containing corundum (Al2O3), silicon dioxide (silica, quartz), etc. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention paper of various kinds can be located between the sheet 38 decorative paper and tile base 34. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, at least one protective outer sheet 30 and the base sheet 36 can be impregnated with resin. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the resin impregnating at least one protective outer sheet 30 and the base sheet 36 may be different from melamine-formaldehyde resin used to impregnate the decorative sheet 38 of paper.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made of essentially the same paper, the malls, etc. For example, the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of paper obtained from essentially the same fibers for making paper (having, for example, essentially the same ash content, color, and orientation) on the same paper machine. In addition, elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of paper coming from one adjacent section on production reel. All of the above limitations on the use of paper, which can be used in the manufacture of the elements of the flooring system floor covering, ensure that soaked the sheets of paper will always have essentially the same final size after compaction and curing. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the storage mode of the paper used for manufactured items flooring system floor covering, can be adjusted so that the time, temperature and humidity when storing the paper support so as to promote the conservation of the regular sizes of the elements of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of cellulose pastes is, manufactured from the same manufacturer. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of resins manufactured by the same manufacturer. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the resin may contain a powder coming from essentially the same source, can have essentially the same chemical and physical properties and can be mixed in the same reactor. In addition, elements of the flooring system floor covering can be made through the use of resins having essentially constant solids content. All of the above limitations on the use of resins that can be used in the manufacture of items of flooring, ensure that soaked the sheets of paper will always have essentially the same final size after compaction and curing. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, each of the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be manufactured by using the same impregnation method. For example, when immersed different sheets of paper in melamine-formaldehyde resin paper shall be filled melamine with securing postinst the a and the homogeneity of the filling. In addition, the tension and the oscillation of the tape impregnating machine, it is necessary to precisely control because they affect the extent to which the different sheets of paper are impregnated with resin.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention the above-mentioned sheets and bases can be made with the receiving system floor covering with embossed with a combination that includes many together by ensuring the fixing elements of the flooring. For such systems, floor press for stamping, such as embossing machine, shown in Fig.6, it can be used for mechanical stamping each element of flooring in accordance with a decorative pattern provided on the sheet 44 decorative paper.

As shown in Fig.6, embossing machine may include, for example, the base 42, the upper plunger element 54 and the upper pressing plate 56. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the upper pressing plate may include embossed pattern stamping (for example, a surface with three-dimensional texture). Accordingly, the embossed pattern stamping may include, for example, ledges, points, recesses, etc. of any structure, which can be combined with a decorative pattern formed on the sheet 44 decorative paper.

In accordance with the principles of altoadige of the invention, the sheet 44 is impregnated decorative paper, located on tile basis of 40, should be placed in a precisely predetermined position relative to intended for embossing a relief pattern of the upper pressing plate to provide opportunities embossed with combining element of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the alignment intended for embossing a relief pattern of the pressing plate and the decorative pattern should be ensured when the press is in the position of the clamp and the plate is under pressure. The degree of required regulation may vary depending on the type of decorative painting. For example, the printed alignment with the alignment pattern in the form of a wood structure on an adjacent printed with a combination of the elements of flooring requires a higher degree of registration accuracy than the printed alignment with the alignment pattern in the form of a wood structure that is not aligned with the adjacent elements of the flooring.

The combination of the decorative pattern on the sheet 44 decorative paper and intended for embossing an embossed pattern on the upper pressing plate 56 may be secured by means of the removal of approximately 2-3 millimeters of material along the perimeter of the tiled bases 40 for milling operations, resulting in a get a few basic what's planes (i.e. the edge of the slab) and tiled base, having precisely controlled dimensions. Further, the sheet 44 is impregnated decorative paper having outer dimensions that are approximately 8 or 10 mm smaller than the tiled bases 40, is placed on the tiled basis 40. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the sheet 44 is impregnated decorative paper can be placed on tile to the base 40 by using the edges of the plates as a means of alignment. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention marks for alignment can be located on the tiled 40 and can be combined with the marks for alignment provided on the sheet 44 decorative paper.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the sheet 44 decorative paper can be attached to the tiled base 40 by means of static electricity. After fastening sheet 44 of decorative paper and tiled bases 40 are placed on the carriage is fed into the machine for stamping. Static electricity can essentially prevent accidental displacement of the sheet 44 decorative paper when moving tiled bases 40 together with the carriage. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the carriage can be stopped immediately before it is put into the machine for stamping, so that the sheet 44 decorative paper can be placed surface is x tiled framework 40 by using, for example, tweezers (not shown). In accordance with another aspect of the present invention a small forceps can be used for precise placement of the sheet 44 decorative paper on top of the tiled bases 40 located on the bottom of the pressing plate. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the sheet 44 decorative paper, at least one protective outer sheet 46 and the base sheet 48 can be placed on top of the tiled bases 40 before placing them in the machine for stamping. After placing the sheet 44 decorative paper on top of the tiled bases carriage 40 can be moved from machine to emboss. Further, the leveling system essentially performs the alignment system consisting of a sheet 44 of decorative paper and tiled bases 40, relative to intended for embossing an embossed pattern on the upper pressing plate 56. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the alignment system can use the edge of the plate in order essentially to ensure alignment decorative figure 44 relative to intended for embossing an embossed pattern on the upper pressing plate 56. Embossing machine can be powered after alignment is completed.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention after placement to the components, illustrated in figure 5, in a machine for stamping and alignment relative to intended for embossing a relief image of different leaves and the base can be pressed and can be subjected to curing for a predetermined period of time up until the resin has cured, the resulting gain is extremely hard and wear-resistant element of the flooring. For example, after insertion in a machine for stamping and alignment relative to intended for embossing a relief pattern tiled base 40, the sheet 44 decorative paper, protective outer sheet 46 and the base sheet 48 can be heated at a temperature of about 160-220°C. and pressed together under pressure, constituting approximately 20-40 kg/cm2, for about 20-60 seconds. Accordingly, the upper plunger element 54 provides indentation intended for embossing a relief pattern of the upper pressing plate 56 in structure, consisting of a sheet 46 of decorative paper and tiled bases 40. The combination of applied heat and pressure provides the fusing together of the sheet 44 decorative paper and tiled bases 40. Leveling system ensures that the sheet 44 decorative paper is essentially aligned with intended for embossing a relief pattern on a ve is hnei the pressure plate 56. Accordingly melamine-formaldehyde resin in the various sheets may harden, and can be obtained printed with a combination of the flooring element.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the porosity in the sintered piece may be minimized by providing a slow curing resin (e.g. melamine). Accordingly, when the reduction of the working temperature, the time during which the various sheets in a machine for stamping are pressing increases. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention when heated pressing plate 56 until about 160-220°C designed for stamping embossed pattern on the pressure plate can be extended. Accordingly, intended for stamping embossed pattern on the pressure plate 56 may be made so as to compensate for expansion of the relief pattern. Hence, the sizes intended for embossing a relief pattern is created such that they complied with the decorative figure of the drawing in a state where the resin components in figure 5 will harden.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention obtained by a mechanical embossing texture of the surface can be given an individual element of flooring with a decorative pattern. In accordance with one of the m aspect of the present invention obtained mechanically embossed surface texture can be formed by combination with a decorative pattern. Respectively, can be manufactured printed with a combination of the element of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention many printed combining elements of flooring can be joined together to form a system of floor covering with embossed with a combination. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, at least a portion printed with a combination of patterns adjacent flooring elements can be essentially aligned with each other for the formation of essentially contiguous, embossed with matching patterns on adjacent elements of the flooring system floor covering.

Although the method of stamping with the combination described above is suitable for the received embossed surface textures, which has a depth which is less than approximately 0.2 mm, creating surface textures with more depth can be problematic. Designed for stamping, embossed patterns, capable of creating deep textures of surfaces, require, for example, relatively large protrusions of the pressing plate, which tends to disturb the uniformity of pressure applied on the surface of the plate. This violation of the uniformity of pressure may cause local deformation in the final product. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the floor is Chennai embossed texture surfaces can be formed with depth, greater than about 0.2 mm, through hollow sections in plate 40 in places where it is desirable to get "deep" texture surfaces. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the formation of hollow sections can be pre-made before, during or after milling the periphery tiled bases 40, as described above. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the edges of the plate can be used to determine the location of boundaries of the hollow sections tiled bases 40.

As shown in Fig.7, embossed with the alignment element 60 flooring, manufactured in accordance with the method described above, if required, may include a protective backing layer 50 with one hand. Obtained mechanically embossed surface texture combined with the decorative pattern sheet 68 44 decorative paper. Under the combination is understood that the embossed surface texture is essentially combined with the decorative pattern sheet 44 of decorative paper. By performing embossed with combining element flooring realistic appearance of the natural material can be attached to individual items of flooring. While decorative pattern, illustrated in Fig.7, realistic shows the appearance and the text is in, match the texture of the wood, it should be understood that there can be obtained the other embossed with a combination of drawings, elements such as flooring, imitating ceramics, concrete, marble, etc.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention, each of the individual elements of the flooring may include, for example, at least one locking mechanism.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the fixation mechanisms can be included in a tiled base 40 to create an embossed pattern on the surface of tiled bases 40 in accordance with a decorative pattern. Accordingly, the fixation mechanisms can be formed in a separate tiled bases 40. Further, the fixation mechanisms can be used to join separate tiled bases together to form patterns of the elements of the flooring. The structure of the elements of the floor can then be inserted in the press 54. Once the structure of the elements of the flooring is formed embossed pattern and fusion-bonded components are fused together, the structure of the elements of the flooring is removed from the press 54. Then printed with a combination of elements 60 flooring in subjected to alloying of the structure of the elements of the deck divided by the released of the mechanisms of fixation. In accordance with one aspect of the present izopet is of cutting tools can be used to facilitate the separation and to ensure that the decorative pattern will not be damaged.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the fixation mechanisms can be "included" in the tiled base 40 after the formation of the embossed pattern on the surface of tiled bases 40 in accordance with a decorative pattern. Accordingly, tiled base 40 having relatively large dimensions, components, for example, 4 feet by 8 feet, may be subjected to embossing by means of the press 54. After this, the resulting printed with a combination of the core can be cut into a number of separate printed combining elements 60 of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the edges of the individual printed combining elements 60 flooring can be a smooth edge and have accurate dimensions. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the cutting can be accomplished through the use of shaving cutters, milling cutters, cutting tools, tools for splitting, etc. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention tiled base can be cut by a machine for stamping. Accordingly tiled base 40 may be cut into items (e.g., stripes), having dimensions that comprise, for example, 300×300mm, 400×400 mm, 600×600 mm, 1200×300 mm, 1200×400 mm, etc. After that the mechanisms of fixation can be "included" in a separate printed with a combination of elements 60 of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the fixation mechanisms can be hidden under the surface elements of the flooring, or they may be visible.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention, the fixation mechanisms can be enabled in a separate printed with a combination of elements 60 flooring by placing at least one element from the plate edges, labels for combining, decorative patterns and surface textures surface element of the floor covering relative to the cutters. By placing the cutter with respect to any of the above combine elements of the mechanisms of fixation can be formed by milling on the sides of the tiled bases 40 so that when the connection elements 60 flooring along at least a portion of the decorative figures will form a continuous pattern, and at least a portion printed with a combination of patterns to form an essentially continuous surface texture on adjacent elements of the flooring.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention embossed with the alignment element 60 flooring may include a mechanism 64 fixation (e.g. the R, at least one system of the system is fixed by sportowego connection fixation system by connecting elements with a snap and so on), extending along all four sides printed with a combination of laminate 60. For example, the fixation system by connecting with a snap can be added to all four sides embossed with combining element 60 of the flooring and used to connect multiple printed combining elements 60 of the flooring system 300 floor covering with embossed combining (similar to that shown in Fig). The number and location of fixation mechanisms may depend on a given system configuration flooring embossed with the combination. For example, in the case when the system floor covering with embossed combining adjacent to the corner, you only need two of the locking mechanism (along the sides).

As shown in Fig printed with a combination of the elements a and b of the flooring may include, for example, the mechanisms of fixation along the four sides (for example, along the joints J1, J2, J3 and J4). Printed with a combination of elements C and D flooring may include, for example, the mechanisms of fixation along the four sides (for example, along the joints J1, J2, J3, and other connections not shown).

Printed with a combination of the elements of the flooring, including the activities in themselves the above-mentioned mechanisms of fixation, can be firmly bonded together with or without the use of glue to form a system 300 from embossed with matching laminate. Many printed combining elements of flooring can be linked together to produce any desirable form for flooring, cladding, etc. is Printed with a combination of the elements of the flooring can be connected to each other so that at least part of the printed overlapping patterns of neighboring elements of the flooring will be essentially aligned with each other and will form an essentially continuous pattern and the resulting embossed surface texture on the elements of the flooring system floor covering.

On Fig and 9 illustrated are given by way of example, the system 300 floor covering with embossed with a combination comprising a locking mechanism of the same type on each of the individual printed combining elements 60 of the flooring. Figure 9 illustrated are given by way of example, the system floor covering with embossed with a combination that includes elements of the flooring with the locking mechanism in the form of sportowego connection locking type. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the locking mechanism in the form of sportowego connection snap-in type can be education is in the form one whole with the side walls of each printed with a combination of the laminated element 60, in order to ensure that printed with the combination patterns of the neighboring elements of the flooring will be essentially aligned with each other (aligned) and will be essentially continuous within the flooring.

Figure 9 shows a section made along the line 9-9 on Fig. As shown, the locking mechanism can be obtained by forming grooves 230, ridge 200, the groove 210 and the protrusion 220 along the edges of the embossed combining elements 60 of the flooring. The mechanisms of fixation on embossed with a combination of the elements 60 of the flooring can be connected together by inserting the ridge 200 in the groove 230 adjacent embossed with combining element 60 of the flooring. Subsequently, the protrusion 220 is fixed in the groove 210, thereby connecting the adjacent printed with a combination of elements 60 of the flooring system 300 floor covering with embossed with a combination. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention embossed with a combination of elements 60 flooring, marked by the symbols a, b, C and D, can be joined together with glue or without glue. It should be understood that other types of fixation mechanisms may be provided within the sides of a single printed combining elements 60 of the flooring.

If we turn again to Fig, you can see that each of the printed combining elements 60 of the flooring on the and may have for example obtained by embossing with a combination of figure G1 in figure ceramic tiles. Figure showing ceramic tile, may include multiple "tiles" in the form of squares, rectangles, triangles, circles, ovals, any other form or pattern that split seams fill solution". In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the width Wh, Wv lines and the width W of the line inside the plate can be essentially equal, and the data lines mimic the seams of the casting solution. When using the locking mechanism in the form of sportowego connection snap-in type printed with a combination of the elements 60 flooring width of the seam fill solution" near the joints J1, J2, J3 and J4 on each printed with a combination of laminated element a, b, C and D is approximately equal to half of the width W of the seam fill solution inside the plate. For example, the width (Wv) "the seam of the casting solution held in the vertical direction of the flooring elements, the junction J1 is formed from "seams fill solution" on embossed with a combination of laminated elements a, b, C and D, so that, when printed with a combination of laminated elements a, b, C and D will be connected in the connection zone J1, width (Wv) "the seam of the casting solution held in the vertical direction, is approximately equal to the width (W). Line is i.i.d. width of the seam fill solution" on any individual printed with a combination of the element 60 of the flooring near the connection is half the width (W) "seam filling solution in the plate. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention widths Wh and Wv "seams fill solution"held in horizontal and vertical directions, can be adjusted so that they were essentially equal to the width W of the seam fill solution inside the plate. However, it should be understood that the widths of the joints fill solution" printed in combining the items of flooring depends on the type envisaged ("inline") of the locking mechanism and the available decorative pattern.

In addition to the lines that mimic the seams fill solution, many other decorative figures can be used in the system of floor covering with embossed with a combination of the present invention. As shown in figure 10 and 11 may be provided with a decorative pattern, such as surface G2, imitating the texture of the wood, being combined in the joints J5 and J6 neighboring elements of the flooring. In accordance with the principles of the present invention, the patterns in the texture of wood, usually include more elements (e.g., line, texture, wood, twig 423 wood etc), extending to the peripheral bounds of the elements of the flooring, which must be aligned, than the drawings in the form of ceramic tiles. Accordingly, the alignment pattern in the form of texture tree is ins, as a rule, is more difficult than aligning sections of lines, imitating the seams of the casting solution, in the drawings in the form of ceramic tiles. For example, combining the first part of the knot 423 wood on embossed with a combination of the element E of the flooring with the second part bitch 423 wood printed on combining element F of flooring, as a rule, is more complex than the width alignment lines, imitating the seams fill mortar joints of adjacent elements of the flooring. Accordingly, when performing the locking mechanism should take into account all graphic elements (eg lines of wood grain and knots 423 on wood), so as to ensure a realistic system 400 flooring embossed with the combination. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, at least one part of the decorative pattern can be used as labels for combining ensuring appropriate constant mixture of neighboring elements of the flooring.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the individual elements of the flooring in the system 400 flooring with embossed with a combination can be connected together using a mechanical locking system of the type as illustrated by figure 11, showing a cross section along the line 11-11 in figure 10. And in this text the tea ways of combining, used when locking mechanism, such that system 400 printed with a combination of laminated elements will have a surface texture, which is essentially continuous at junctions J5 and J6. If you want printed with a combination of laminated elements 60 have a protective backing layer 70 under the base sheet 48.

On figa and 12B illustrates schematic views of an element of flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

As shown in figa and 12, the upper surface of the periphery P of each embossed with combining element of the flooring can be made with a cavity, passing down from the top surface areas of the elements of the flooring, "covered" by periphery. The subject (for example, the shoes of the user, wheel etc)in contact with the main surface Ms of the element of flooring, usually not in contact with the surface of the periphery of Ps due to the fact that the surface of the periphery of the "embedded". In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the periphery may include a portion of the floor extending from the edges of the flooring approximately 3.175 mm towards the center of the element of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the depth to which the surface of the periphery of e is ementa flooring "embedded", approximately 0,794 mm In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the surface of at least one portion of the periphery of the element of flooring may not be buried, as will be discussed in more detail below with reference to Fig.

Accordingly embossed with a combination of the pattern can be made on the edges of the element of flooring and can be combined with printed with a combination of patterns formed on adjacent elements of the flooring, while at the same time, you can prevent premature wear of the edges of each individual piece of flooring.

Despite pig and 10 it was shown that elements of the flooring system floor covering have essentially the same size and shape and are connected to each other so that each side of each element of the flooring connected to only one adjacent element of the flooring, it should be understood that the individual elements of the flooring system floor covering can vary in size (e.g., width and/or length) and shape (for example, may be rectangular, square, triangular, hexagonal etc). In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the individual elements of the flooring can have complementary shapes that can be assembled like a puzzle (puzzle or mosaic. To the ome, in accordance with one aspect of the present invention provides that the side of the individual elements of the flooring can communicate with more than one neighboring element of the flooring.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention the elements of the flooring system floor covering can be designed in such a way that at least one side of each element of the flooring will include at least one Subpanel located near at least two other sub-panel. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, each element of the flooring may include either fully or partially, at least one Subpanel, as will be described in more detail below.

On figa, for example, a partial Subpanel 134A element 130A flooring can be a complementary Subpanel in relation to neighboring partial sub-panel V element V flooring, located next to the element 130A flooring. With this construction, the partial sub-panel 134A and V could be made so that they will appear as one single Subpanel.

As also shown in figa, each of the elements 130A-F flooring may contain at least three sub-panel, with at least one of the sub-panel is a component of one of the Subpanel, and at least the ve from the sub-panel are partial sub-panel. For example, the Subpanel 132A is a component of one of the Subpanel, and the sub-panel 134A and A represent partial sub-panel.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention component a single Subpanel 132A can provide a finished decorative pattern obtained with embossed surface texture or received without embossed surface texture, which can be combined or not combined with a decorative pattern. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the partial sub-panel 134A and A element of flooring can ensure the availability of split, incomplete decorative images obtained with embossed surface texture or received without embossed surface texture, which can be combined or not combined with decorative drawings. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention neighboring partial sub-panel adjacent flooring elements can be complementary to each other so that they form essentially a finished decorative pattern and/or texture of the surface and have the form essentially continuous constituting one sub-panel. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention are complementary to the partial sub-panel can be complementary (complementary) decorative drawings or received embossed surface texture. Accordingly, when the complementary partial sub-panel adjacent decking units exhibited relative to each other properly, essentially continuous (i.e. finished) a decorative pattern and/or received by the embossed surface texture can be formed on the adjacent complementary partial sub-panel. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the sub-panel in the flooring element can contain or not to contain essentially the same decorative pattern and/or received by the embossed surface texture.

On FIGU presents a schematic view is given as an example of the element 130 flooring, such as shown in figa.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the areas of the peripheral surface of each element of the flooring can be made with grooves in those places where the adjacent sub-panel are not complementary. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the areas of the peripheral surface of each element of the flooring can be done without deepening in places where neighboring sub-panel are complementary. As shown in figv, portions of the upper surface of the periphery "P" of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position a may be slightly recessed otnositelnostn the surface of each of the elements of the flooring (see also figv) to prevent premature wear of each of the elements of the flooring. In addition, portions of the upper surface of the periphery of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position 138b may not be recessed and may be essentially in the same plane (coplanar) with the main surface of the sub-panel. The depth only sections of the peripheral surface of each of the elements of the flooring in places that are not "employed" decorative drawings and/or received by the embossing textures the surface of the partial sub-panel element flooring, lets get this type of complementary partial sub-panel that they will look as part of component one sub-panel, and thus will not significantly reduce the overall durability of each of the elements of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the surface of each element of the flooring may be buried in places where the sub-panel flooring element are adjacent to each other. As shown in figv, portions of the upper surface of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position s, can be a bit recessed compared to the main surface of each of the elements of the flooring (see also figv) to create this visual effect and the effect of texture, as if each one of with whom panela element of flooring is not part of the same element deck.

On figa-14C illustrated are given by way of example, the element of the flooring system floor covering in accordance with another aspect of the present invention.

As shown in figa-14C, similar to the flooring element shown in figa and 13B, portions of the upper surface of the periphery "P" of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position a may be beveled to prevent premature wear of each of the elements of the flooring. In addition, portions of the upper surface of the periphery of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position 138b may be uncut, so that they will be essentially in the same plane with the main surface of the sub-panel. The cutting edges of the peripheral surface of each of the elements of the flooring in places corresponding to the decorative drawings and/or received by the embossing textures the surface of the partial sub-panel element flooring, lets get this type of complementary partial sub-panel that they will look as part of component one sub-panel, and thus will not significantly reduce the overall durability of each of the elements of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the surface of each element of the flooring can be made with a groove in the places where Subpanel the item flooring adjacent to each other.

On figv and 14C illustrates the cross section of the element 130 flooring, made respectively on the lines 1-I' and II-II'. As shown in figv and 14C, portions of the upper surface of each of the elements 130 flooring, denoted by the reference position s may be beveled to form grooves. This groove may also prevent premature wear of each of the elements of the flooring. Thus, the groove provides such a visual effect and the effect of texture, as if the sub-panel flooring element are separate. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the bevel on the site s can ensure the formation of a groove having the shape of essentially V-shaped grooves. However, it should be understood that the bevel edge can create other topographies (geometric shapes) of the groove (for example, U-shaped grooves and so on). In accordance with one aspect of the present invention the cutting edges on each of the elements 130 flooring on the site a peripheral surface leads to the formation of grooves between adjacent flooring elements. Accordingly, the groove formed between adjacent decking units by beveling in the area a, has essentially the same width and topography, and grooves formed on the inside of the flooring elements by beveling in the area s.

Drawing and/or surface texture, available on the recessed surface on the periphery of each element of the flooring can match or not match the pattern/texture surface on the main surface of the corresponding element of the flooring. Thus, essentially continuous picture and/or surface texture can be "present" or "not present" on the surfaces of the periphery and the inner part of any single element of the flooring. Labels or markers for alignment (not shown) can be used to samoobladanie decorative designs on elements of the flooring. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention embossed with the alignment pattern can be free form or can be made to order. It should be understood that essentially any printed with a combination of pattern and any decorative pattern can be obtained by applying the principles of the present invention. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the alignment elements of the flooring can be performed visually, by connecting them together. Accordingly, the alignment elements 130 flooring can be accomplished through the use of decorative pattern and/or received by the embossed surface texture of each of the elements of the flooring.

Despite the fact that it was about illyustrirovano, what elements of the flooring on figa, 13C and 14A-14C are essentially rectangular, the principles of the present invention provide the possibility of elements of the flooring system floor covering having other shapes and sizes (for example, geometric, free form, etc) or different or the same sizes, so the elements of the flooring can be built into the design of a mosaic type or design from the other correct, polupoterey or random layout of panels. In addition, although illustrated that each element of the flooring has an identical layout of the sub-panel, the principles of the present invention provide the possibility that elements of the flooring system floor covering will have different layout of the sub-panel (for example, other shapes, sizes of the sub-panel and so on). The individual elements of the flooring system floor covering can be cut from the plate so that the connection between the panels of the floor system floor covering will not be visible. In addition, elements of the flooring system floor covering, depicted on Fig and 14 can be joined together with glue or without glue. In addition, although it was considered that the embossed surface texture is essentially combined with the basic underlying decorative pattern, it is necessary to understand what, that essentially any received embossed surface texture can be formed on the elements of the flooring according to the present invention regardless of the underlying the underlying decorative pattern. In addition, decorative drawings and/or received by the embossed surface texture of one element of the flooring may not be combined or can even be not at all similar in appearance and/or texture to decorative drawings and/or received by the embossed texture of the surfaces of the adjacent flooring elements.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention any one of the aforementioned decorative drawings and/or received by the embossed surface textures, which may or may not be subjected to embossing with a combination of decorative drawings (called here together "patterns"), can be performed on any of the above items of flooring for the formation of essentially continuous pattern on adjacent flooring elements along a predetermined direction, by forming each of the patterns on the flooring elements by using at least one pattern is large in size and at least one edge of the pattern.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each edge of the pattern can be made on the peripheral area of the flooring element, while the Raeva pattern extends along, at least part of at least one edge of each element of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, each of the edge pattern may extend over a predetermined distance (for example, approximately one millimeter, approximately one inch, and so on) in the inner part of the flooring from the periphery of the element of the flooring. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, at least one pattern of a large size may be positioned near at least one edge pattern, and the pattern, the edge of the pattern is large in size, adjacent the edge pattern may form an essentially continuous visual pattern/texture relief pattern provided on the marginal edge of the pattern adjacent to the pattern of large size.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the patterns of individual elements of the deck, located next to each other along a predetermined direction in the system of flooring can complement patterns of adjacent flooring elements (that is, to form an essentially continuous patterns on adjacent flooring elements), when the regional patterns of adjacent flooring elements form an essentially continuous pattern. In the case when the system floor covering, described above, contains the set of neighboring elements flooring, raspolozhennyyh a predetermined direction, and when the edges of each element of the deck is located near the boundary patterns of the other elements of the deck along a predetermined direction, the regional patterns of the adjacent decking units are identical or substantially identical. Identical or substantially identical to the regional patterns of adjacent flooring elements create the possibility of formation of a continuous pattern on adjacent flooring elements.

For example, as shown in figa given as an example of the pattern of the flooring element on the element 150 flooring can contain two boundary pattern 152 are essentially identical to each other, and the pattern 154 a large size. As shown in figa, two essentially identical boundary pattern 152 is performed on the peripheral part of the element 150 of the flooring, extend along the opposite side edges of the flooring element and extending a predetermined distance into the inner part of the element 150 flooring. As also shown in figa, drawing, the edges of the pattern 154 large near the edge patterns 152, forms an essentially continuous pattern, pattern, existing edge patterns 152 next to pattern large size.

As shown in figv, many elements 150A, 150V, 150C flooring, etc. such as illustrated in figa, can be located next to each other in the system floor covering along predetermined by the management so the edges of each element of the flooring will be located near the edges of the other elements of the deck along a predetermined direction (for example, the edge of the element 150A flooring adjacent to the edge of the element 150V flooring, edge element 150C flooring adjacent to the edge of the element 150D flooring etc). As mentioned above, essentially continuous pattern can be formed from edge to edge of a single element 150 of the deck, because the pattern 154 large essentially aligned with the edge patterns 152.

In one embodiment of the invention a predetermined direction, in which there are elements of the deck, and is based on the adjacent edge patterns 152 on the flooring elements, so that only by placing items of flooring in a predetermined direction will be possible to form a pattern, which will be continuous and to have a natural appearance. In this embodiment, the change in direction of the flooring element on the opposite or turning the flooring element will lead to the formation of the pattern, devoid of continuity. However, it should be understood that in another embodiment, the regional patterns along part of the periphery can be selected such that the change in direction of the flooring element on the opposite, turning or otherwise alter the layout of the flooring does not lead to the violation pattern, that is here the pattern is continuous.

In another embodiment, a predetermined direction based on the mechanism of deadlock, which provides the connection of adjacent elements of the flooring, so the flooring elements will not be aligned properly together, if they will be located in a direction different from the predetermined direction. One example of such a deadlock mechanism is the system glueless sportowego connection, in which the ridge is formed along at least one edge of the flooring element, and a groove formed along the opposite edge. In yet another embodiment, a predetermined direction based on regional patterns 152 and glueless the locking mechanism.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention patterns 154A-154F large size may or may not be the same. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each of the patterns 154 large system floor covering can be unique. In addition, in accordance with the principles of the present invention regional patterns of individual elements of the flooring can be basically identical. Therefore, the regional patterns of neighboring elements of the flooring system floor covering, which essentially continuous pattern is formed along a predetermined direction, also essentially identichnye essentially continuous pattern can be formed from edge to edge of the element 150A flooring, because the pattern A large and regional patterns 152A combined with each other to obtain essentially continuous pattern. Essentially continuous patterns can be separately formed from edge to edge elements 150V, 150C flooring, etc. because their corresponding patterns V, S large size, etc. and regional patterns V, S etc. similarly combined with each other to obtain essentially continuous pattern.

Because of the regional patterns of elements 150A-150F flooring system floor covering, illustrated in figv identical, the regional pattern 152A forms an essentially continuous pattern with the regional pattern W, the regional pattern S forms an essentially continuous pattern with the regional pattern 152D and so on. Accordingly essentially continuous pattern can be formed on the elements 150A and 150V flooring elements 150C and 150D flooring and so on. Boundary or connection between the regional pattern 152A and regional pattern V essentially not visible (-Oh), or the appearance of a border or seam is minimized. Similarly the boundary or connection between the regional pattern S and regional pattern 152D essentially not visible (-Oh), or the appearance of a border or seam is minimized. Boundary or connection between the regional pattern E and regional pattern 152F essentially not visible (-Oh), or the appearance of a boundary or interface information is and to a minimum.

In one embodiment of the present invention, in which all edge patterns 152 is essentially identical to any of the elements 150A-150F flooring can be replaced with any other element of the flooring system floor covering while maintaining the availability of essentially continuous pattern on the flooring elements located next to each other along a predetermined direction. This is due to the fact that all the patterns of the flooring element having a large size, by being combined with the corresponding boundary patterns for the formation of essentially continuous pattern within the element of the flooring, and the fact that all the regional patterns of the flooring elements adjacent to each other within the system of the floor are identical, with the formation of essentially continuous patterns on the flooring elements adjacent to each other along a predetermined direction.

In another embodiment, the flooring elements can be adjacent the right and left edge patterns 152, which is essentially identical, while the opposite left and right edge patterns 152 are not identical.

For example, shown in figs component one Subpanel element 132 150 flooring may have a pattern formed by the pattern 154G large size, partial Subpanel 134 may have a pattern formed by the pattern 154I large size and edges of the m pattern 152, and partial Subpanel 136 may have a pattern formed by the pattern IN large and regional pattern 152, and the patterns 154G-154I large size may or may not be the same. However, as mentioned above, the edge patterns 152, existing on the periphery of areas of partial sub-panel 134 and 136 element 150 of the deck and extending along the side edges of the element 150 flooring, identical to each other. Accordingly, taking into account figa, where, for example, elements 130A and W flooring are located next to each other along a predetermined direction, the edge patterns 152 complementary (complementary) partial sub-panel 134A and V essentially identical to each other, and essentially continuous pattern can be formed on adjacent flooring elements, and the patterns of large size, available in a complementary partial sub-panel, become part of essentially continuous pattern, creating the appearance from a visual perspective and/or from the standpoint of texture, such part of one sub-panel.

In addition, as shown in figs and 15D, system of a floor covering, comprising such elements flooring, as illustrated in figa-14C may be formed with essentially continuous patterns on the flooring elements adjacent to each other along the predetermined direction, through the application of methods for the s, described above with reference to figa and 15V. Fig.15D shows the elements of the flooring with the pattern of wood grain with the layout shown in figv. Because of the regional pattern 152A is essentially identical to the adjacent edge of the pattern V, elements 150A and 150V flooring have the appearance of essentially continuous pattern of wood grain, passing as non-interruptible (solid) across the border or interface between the regional pattern 152A and regional pattern V adjacent flooring element.

In addition, since the regional patterns 152A and V not pass along the entire length of the boundary or interface between elements 150A and 150V flooring, and pass along only the part corresponding to the height of the partial plate on the bottom half of the flooring elements, the pattern is not continuous on the part of the border between elements 150A and 150V flooring, which corresponds to the height "full" slabs in the upper half of the flooring elements.

As mentioned above, in the system of floor covering, including the elements of flooring, illustrated in figa-14C and 15C, the patterns of large sub-panel decking units may or may not be the same. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, each of the patterns of large size in the system floor covering can be unique.

On five shows a variant embodiment of the invention, in which the edges of the E. patterns of the flooring elements are identical (or substantially identical) to each element of the flooring. In particular, five shows four elements 150A, 150V, 150C and 150D flooring, located in such a way that the element 150A flooring adjacent to the left edge of the element 150V flooring and adjacent to the upper edge of the element 150C flooring. Element 150D flooring adjacent to the right edge of the element 150C flooring and adjacent to the lower edge of the element 150V flooring.

In this embodiment, the decorative paper each element of the flooring is a picture under the wood. However, it should be understood that other have natural looking images than the figure under the wood, is also provided within the present invention. The figure under the wood element 150A flooring includes, for example, the full panel or strip A in the upper half of the plate, short incomplete panel A and long incomplete panel A. Each of the panels has a pattern of wood grain. In addition, short and long incomplete panel A and A have regional pattern 152, which runs along part of the periphery of the flooring element, the corresponding partial width panels A and A, and may extend for a short distance (e.g., such as one centimeter) in the inner part of the panel. Regional patterns 152 incomplete panels A and E identical. Regional patterns 152 also may not extend into the inner portion of the panel.

Similarly, the elements 150V, 10C and 150D flooring have a full panel, marked respectively V, S and 155D, passing the entire length of the flooring element, and a short panel V, S and 151D, which are located next to the corresponding long panels V, S and 153D. Each of the short and long panels may have the same regional pattern 152 along part of the periphery of the flooring element corresponding to the width of the short and long panels.

All short panel 151A-D, long panels 153A-D and full panel 155A-D are patterns in the form of a wood structure, which differ from each other or to some extent identical to each other. Only the edge patterns 152 partial panels are identical in this particular example. In addition, the regional pattern and the inner pattern of wood grain of each incomplete panels form a continuous pattern. In other words, there is a continuous General pattern of wood grain on each of the short panel long panel, which all differ from each other, despite the fact that regional patterns 152 are the same.

When the elements 150A and 150V flooring placed next to each other, as shown in figa, full panel A and B will be adjacent to each other, and a long panel A and short panel V will join each other. Full panel A and B have the form of separate boards, and the pattern of wood grain is not continuous on them, because adjacent the edge of the full panels are different. But since the edge patterns 152 on the long bar A and short panel B are the same, unique designs in the form of textures wood panels A and 151B create the appearance of one continuous Board with a specific pattern of wood grain, passing on the decking units 150A and 150V. In addition, the appearance of full and continuous Board with a specific pattern of wood grain, passing on the panels A and B on the elements of the deck, and minimizes the visibility or appearance of the junction or boundary between the elements of the flooring. Similarly, the pattern of wood grain on the panels C and 151D is continuous.

In an additional embodiment, the elements 150A, 150V, 150C and 150D flooring can have a surface texture, which is obtained by embossing with a combination with a picture of wood on decorative paper. Since the edge patterns 152 are part of this pattern and can be identical or substantially identical to each element of the flooring, received embossed surface texture will be continuous along the incomplete panels adjacent decking units as described above. In yet another embodiment, the received embossed with a combination of surface texture may include bevels to simulate joints between boards, so that, for example, the element is 150A flooring full panel A will have a bevel, along its periphery, including the border between the panel A and incomplete panels A and A. Incomplete panel A and A will have the bevel where they are adjacent to each other, but incomplete panel will not have the bevel along the portion of the periphery of the element 150A flooring, where there are regional patterns 152. Thus, a continuous pattern of wood grain and the corresponding received embossed with a combination of surface texture can be" continuously on the elements 150A and 150V flooring, not being separated by a bevel. This will provide an additional reduction in the visibility of the border between flooring elements.

By performing all of the edge patterns 152 is identical to the present invention creates the possibility of installation and pairing any flooring elements together in a predetermined direction in which the long panel 153 is adjacent to the short panel 151 other element of the flooring, because the edge patterns 152 will always be aligned to the education of the appearance of a continuous pattern of wood grain, passing on the adjacent long and short panels of the two elements of the flooring. For example, if the position of the elements 150A and 150V flooring would be reversed (so that the element 150V flooring was adjacent to the upper edge of the element 150C flooring), the regional pattern 152 long panel W would match or b is l would be combined with the regional pattern of the short panel A with the formation of a continuous pattern of wood grain on the panels V and A elements 150V and 150A flooring.

The present invention allows to reduce the complexity associated with setting laminate floor coverings, because no matter what elements of the flooring will be placed next to each other in a predetermined direction. Patterns will be combined. In an additional embodiment, the elements 150 flooring made with glueless system sportowego connection with the provision of a deadlock, in which the ridge is formed on two adjacent peripheral edges of the flooring element, and a groove formed on the opposite two adjacent peripheral edges, so that the elements of the flooring can be installed only in the direction in which is provided the combination of long panels 153 short panels 151, for example, where they are joined edge patterns 152.

In the example embodiment discussed above, decorative graphics, and design elements of the pattern, such as stripes under the tree, pass through separate adjacent flooring elements. However, the figure in the form of a strip under the tree has a length equal to the length of the flooring element, in order to ensure the possibility of interchangeability of the elements of the flooring, which ensures easy installation.

Next pig, while Fig illustrates flooring 501 floor with the pattern 500 flooring, educated osornio-500d in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. Multiple blocks of flooring with decorative pattern 512, provided they form a flooring 501 floor. In particular, many flooring blocks includes blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 of flooring, such more clearly shown in figa-17D.

On figa shows a variant implementation of the present invention, illustrating a block 504 flooring, which includes elements 504a-504d block. Elements 504a-504d block form block 504 flooring so as to form an element of the flooring. In the embodiment shown in figa, element s unit has a decorative pattern 512. It should be noted that in an alternative embodiment, the present invention instead of the element 504 C block element 504b block may have a decorative pattern 512.

On FIGU illustrated by block 506 flooring in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. Block 506 flooring includes elements 506a-506d block. In this embodiment, the elements a-506d not include a decorative pattern, similar to those considered with reference to figa and block 504 flooring.

On figs shows a variant implementation of the present invention, showing a block 508 flooring. Block 508 flooring has elements 508a-508d block. In this case, the element 508 unit has a decorative pattern. The man is e, in accordance with the variants of implementation of the present invention instead of the element a block element 508d unit may include a decorative pattern 512.

On fig.17D shows a block 510 flooring in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. Block 510 flooring includes elements 510A model-510d block, each of which has a decorative pattern 512. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention block 510 flooring, along with blocks 504, 506 and 508, includes "ceramic tiles". In addition, blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 flooring can be any material used in floor coverings, such as wood, cork, marble or the like. It should be noted that the blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 have been described as having four elements of the block (for example, elements 504a-504d block). However, blocks 504, 506, 508, 510 flooring can have any number of block elements in accordance with the present invention, as will be discussed below.

If you again refer to Fig and pattern 500 flooring shown in this drawing, it can be seen that the blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 are exposed relative to each other so that the decorative drawings 512 form a pattern 500 flooring. As mentioned earlier, each of the blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 flooring contains four block element. In Dan the om embodiment, blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 flooring exposed so that the decorative drawings 512 provided on the blocks 504, 508 and 510 are combined with each other.

For the formation of the pattern 500A pattern 500 flooring element s block 504 flooring aligned relative to the element a block 508 flooring along the X-axis flooring 501 floor. More precisely, for the formation of the pattern elements 500A s block 504 flooring combined with elements a block 508 flooring for education pattern 500A. In the same way as the element a block and element 504 to block aligned relative to the element a block 510 flooring, resulting in a pattern 500A. It should be noted that the pattern 500C is formed similarly to the pattern 500A in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

In the embodiment shown with reference to Fig, element 510d units combined with the element a second unit 510 flooring along the Y-axis of the pattern 500 flooring, so that the decorative drawings 512 provided on the first and second block 510 flooring are aligned along the axis Y. in Addition, in this embodiment, the element a second block 508 flooring combined with the element 510d second unit 510 flooring, resulting in a pattern 500b, similar to the one shown. It should be noted that in this embodiment, the Zor 500d received by way similar to the method described with reference to the pattern 500b. In addition, blocks 506 flooring located within a pattern 500 of flooring so that the element a block is adjacent to the element 504d block 504 flooring, which forms the pattern 500A.

As you can see in Fig, limit block element (such as element a or 508d block) block 508 flooring aligned with the element of the block adjacent to the terminal block element (such as element a or 506d block) block 506 flooring. In addition, in the embodiment shown in Fig, blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 flooring have four block element. However, blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 flooring can have any number of block elements. For example, blocks of flooring can have six elements of the unit as shown in figa-19D.

On figa represented by block 514 flooring with elements 514a-514f block in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. Block 514 flooring also includes a decorative pattern 512 on the element e block. FIGU is a variant of implementation of the present invention, showing a block 516 flooring. Block 516 flooring has elements 516a-516f block. Figs shows a block 518 flooring with elements 518a-518f block. In addition, the block 518 flooring has a decorative pattern 512, posted on ale is NTE a block. Block 520 flooring shown in fig.19D, includes elements 520a-520f block, each of which has a decorative pattern 512 posted on it. Blocks 514, 516, 518 and 520 may be used for formation of the pattern 522 flooring for flooring 500 floor, similar to that shown in Fig.

On Fig shows a variant implementation of the present invention, in which the blocks 514, 516, 518 and 520 flooring form a pattern 522, which includes patterns 522a-522d. In this embodiment, the elements e, a and e blocks form a pattern a similar to the one shown. Similarly, the pattern is formed by a method similar to the method used for pattern a. In addition, the elements 520a-520f block and items a block form patterns 522b and a like are illustrated.

As you can see in Fig and 18, the patterns of flooring floor 501 is formed with a decorative figures placed on the following elements: terminal element block element of the flooring, the item of the block immediately adjacent to the end element of the block, and block flooring with decorative figures placed at all block elements flooring. In addition, block flooring, which has no decorative drawings, is also used in the formation of patterns flooring 501 floor. Consequently, flooring blocks, with at least three elements of the unit, MoE, the ut can be used to form patterns on the flooring in accordance with the present invention.

In addition, in the embodiment of the present invention, in which block flooring includes four elements of the block, three block flooring can be used, as illustrated in Fig. In this embodiment, one block flooring includes a decorative pattern on all elements of the block as the block 510 flooring. The second block flooring has a decorative pattern on any of the items block the way or block 504, or block 508 flooring. Block elements available in the third block flooring, all devoid of decorative figure is similar to block 506 flooring. On Fig elements a and a block form patterns a and s pattern 513. In addition, the block 510 flooring and elements 508 block form patterns 513b and 513d pattern 513.

In an additional embodiment, in which the block flooring includes five block elements, can be used four blocks 524, 526, 528 and 530 flooring, as more clearly illustrated in Fig for education pattern 531 having patterns 531a-531d. As shown in figa-22D, blocks 524, 526, 528 and 530 flooring include the five elements of the block. Block 524 flooring includes elements a-e block. Block 526 flooring has elements a-e block all block elements have a decorative pattern 512. Block 528 flooring has elements 58A-e block. In this case, the element 528d unit has a decorative pattern 512. Block 530 flooring includes elements a-e block, the element s unit has a decorative pattern 512.

As shown in Fig, elements a and 528d blocks form a pattern a. Block 526 flooring also creates patterns 531b and 531d. In addition, the elements e and s blocks form a pattern s, so that the pattern 531 is formed on the flooring 501 floor.

It should be noted that in accordance with the variants of implementation of the present invention, many types of patterns for flooring floor 501, such as the patterns 500 and 522 may be formed through the use or blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 flooring, or blocks 514, 516, 518 and 520 of the flooring, as shown in Fig and 24, where established patterns 534 and 536.

In addition, in one embodiment of the present invention the elements of the blocks can be staggered relative to each other, as more clearly shown in Fig, where the element 500A unit is aligned with the element s block. In the variants of implementation, in which the elements of the blocks are shifted relative to each other, four block flooring (e.g., blocks 504, 506, 508 and 510 flooring) can be used regardless of the number of elements of blocks.

On Fig presents additional option of implementing the present invention. On Fig shows a system p is the closure of the floor, with four (before milling the edges of each element of the flooring with the ridge and groove) item 1000, 1002, 1004 and 1006 flooring with distinct patterns, each of which can be divided into four equal sub-elements a, b, c and d. An implementation option on Fig includes a decorative pattern, which has a width which is less than the width of the sub-element.

As illustrated in Fig, element 1000 flooring does not have a decorative pattern. Fig includes a decorative pattern is only part one of four subelements element 1002 flooring. In this example, the decorative pattern has a height (in a direction parallel to the length of the flooring element), essentially equal to half the height of the sub-element. Element 1004 flooring includes a decorative pattern on a different sub-element, as specified in the item deck. In other words, the sub-element of element 1004 flooring, which includes a decorative pattern, different from the sub-elements of element 1002 flooring, which includes a decorative pattern.

Finally, the element 1006 flooring includes a decorative pattern, passing the entire length of the element of the flooring, but only part of each of the subelements. For example, a decorative pattern may have a width (in a direction parallel to the short side of the flooring element)equal to the width of the element is Attila, but passes on the entire length of the flooring element. In other embodiments, implementation, or in accordance with other aspects of this variant implementation of the decorative pattern may have a different width, this width is less than the total width of the deck.

After items of flooring will be processed by milling to obtain the shaped edges, at least seven different elements of the flooring system are required floor covering in accordance with this embodiment. However, if the flooring elements have a connection system in which the mechanism of the connection or the connection profile on the opposite edges of the flooring elements are the same, then this system floor covering will need only four elements of the deck above.

Because the decorative pattern has only part of each sub-element, if the sub-elements placed next to each other so that all sub-elements are located next to all the sub-elements, as illustrated in Fig system floor covering will include an element 1000 flooring, which is the same as illustrated in Fig element 1002 flooring, which is similar to that illustrated in Fig, and the element 1004 flooring, which is similar to that illustrated in Fig. However, there are also additional items of flooring, including El the element 1003 flooring, which is the same as the element 1004 flooring, rotated 180°. Item 1003 flooring can be placed against the elements 1006 and 1002 flooring so that the decorative pattern on adjacent flooring elements will be combined. Also there is the element 1005 flooring, similar to element 1002 flooring, rotated 180°, which can be placed next to the item 1003 flooring, so that the decorative pattern is aligned with the adjacent sub-elements of the flooring. In addition, the system floor covering includes an element 1007 flooring, which is similar to element 1006 flooring, rotated 180°. Thus, the system of the floor elements having 1000, 1002, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1006 and 1007 flooring may provide a pattern flooring, illustrated in Fig, which has a height equal to the length of the two elements of the flooring (or eight sub-elements, with each element of the flooring has a total of four sub-elements), and the width of the nine elements of the flooring, however, because the decorative pattern has only part of the width of the elements 1006 and 1007 of the flooring, the actual width of the decorative figure is equal to the width of the eight elements of the flooring, although this requires a total of nine elements for flooring create the pattern.

On Fig shows the pattern of flooring is created through the use of the seven elements of this flooring system floor covering, the which decorative drawings occupy only part of a sub-element of the flooring, not all sub-elements, as illustrated in implementation options discussed earlier. Because the decorative pattern is shifted within each sub-element in this way, the floor covering can provide a "masking" physical joints between adjacent flooring elements through the use of this system flooring. More precisely, Fig element 1003 flooring placed next to the item 1006 flooring so that the second sub-element of element 1003 flooring, designated as sub-element 1003b, is located next to the first sub-element a element 1006 flooring. Similarly subitem 1005d is adjacent to the sub-element 1003b element 1003 flooring. Thus, the elements 1003 and 1005 flooring shifted relative to each other by a distance equal to the length of two sub-elements or half of the total length of the flooring element, while the element 1003 flooring is displaced relative to the element 1006 flooring at a distance equal to the length of only one sub-element or a quarter of the length of the flooring element. This difference in displacement between the elements 1006 and 1003 and 1003 and 1005 flooring additionally contributes to the masking of physical joints between adjacent flooring elements.

Placement of elements 1003 and 1005 flooring in a certain order, discussed above, can be repeated to create a pattern flooring, having displaced the percent width. The width of the entire pattern in this embodiment, the width of the total number of elements 1003 and 1005 flooring, located next to each other, plus the width of one element of the flooring, which represents the width of the entire decorative designs from the part of the decorative pattern on the flooring element 1006, and part of the decorative pattern on the element 1007 flooring. This is true, because in this example the width of the decorative figure is equal to half the width of the flooring. Thus, Fig there are seven elements 1003 and 1005 flooring (four element 1003 flooring and three element 1005 flooring) between elements 1006 and 1007 flooring to create a decorative pattern in the pattern of the floor having a width equal to the width of eight elements of the flooring, even though the pattern of flooring is created through nine physical (real) elements of the flooring.

In addition, the height of the pattern of the flooring can be extended to any multiple of the lengths of the elements of the flooring simply by placing additional elements 1006 flooring next to each other in the vertical direction, the vertical direction parallel to the length of the flooring element. Therefore, by adding additional elements 1006 flooring adjacent to each other on the one hand, and additional elements 1007 in the tilapia, adjacent to each other on the opposite side, the height of the entire pattern of the flooring can be increased. This is further illustrated in Fig, on which there is a pattern of flooring with a height equal to the length of the three elements of the deck, created by three elements 1006 flooring adjacent to each other on the one hand, and the three elements 1007 flooring adjacent to each other with the other hand. The pattern of the flooring has a width equal to the width of the twelve elements of the flooring, even though the required thirteen items of flooring to complete the pattern of the flooring in the direction of the width. In addition, the pattern of the flooring, which can be created through a system of floor surface consider now the variant of implementation, is a pattern of flooring having a height equal to the length of one element of the flooring, and the width of the four elements of the flooring, and requires five elements flooring, located next to each other in the width direction, in particular the elements 1006, 1005, 1003, 1005 and 1007 flooring to create this pattern of flooring.

It should be understood that there may be provided various options for implementation, in which the decorative pattern has a width which is less than the total width of the deck and not equal to half the width of the flooring is, and in which the height of the decorative figure represents a certain height different from the height of the sub-element and different from half the height of the sub-element. In addition, it should be understood that depending on the width of the decorative pattern of the flooring more or fewer items of flooring may be required in the system floor covering to allow the creation of decking floors with patterns of flooring with different width and height.

1. System floor covering laminate, forming a decorative pattern that contains:
the first block, the first block contains the first set of block elements the same size, having the pattern of the block element, the first element of the block of the first set of block elements includes a decorative pattern is essentially different from the pattern of the block element; and the first set of block elements forming the first full pattern, and
the second block for placement next to the first block, the second block includes a second set of elements of the block of the same size with the pattern of the block element, the second element of the block from the second set of block elements includes a decorative pattern, while the second set of block elements forms a second pattern, different from the first full pattern, and
the first element of b is an eye and the second element unit is exposed relative to each other so that decorative drawings of the first element block and the second block element are combined with each other, resulting in a decorative pattern.

2. The system according to claim 1, additionally containing:
the third block, while the third block contains the
the third set of elements of the block of the same size with the pattern, while the third element block of the third set of block elements includes a decorative pattern, so that the decorative element of the third block forms a decorative pattern with a decorative pattern as the first element block and the second block element.

3. The system according to claim 2, additionally containing
the fourth block, while the fourth block has at least four elements of the block of the same size.

4. The system according to claim 3, in which the element of the first block having a decorative pattern, adjacent to the element of the second unit having a decorative pattern.

5. The system according to claim 4, in which the regional element of the block of the first block has a decorative pattern.

6. The system according to claim 4, in which the element of the block adjacent to the boundary block element of the second unit has a decorative pattern.

7. The system according to claim 1, in which the first block includes at least four block element.

8. The system according to claim 1, in which the second block includes at least four the e block element.

9. The system according to claim 1, in which the first block and the second block are laminates flooring with patterns in the form of a wood structure.

10. The system according to claim 1, in which the elements of the blocks contain received embossed surface texture, combined with a decorative pattern.

11. The system according to claim 1, in which the first block contains:
a ridge protruding from the periphery of one edge of the first block;
and
the sheet passing through the periphery of the opposite edge of the first block.

12. The system according to claim 1, in which the second block contains:
a ridge protruding from the periphery of one end of the second block; and a groove along the periphery of the opposite edge
the second unit, with any of the grooves made with the possibility
receive any of the crests.

13. The system according to claim 9, in which the pattern represents a received embossed surface texture.

14. The system according to claim 1, in which the first and second blocks are laminates flooring, with a surface pattern in the form of ceramic tiles.

15. The method of forming the decorative pattern of the laminated elements of the flooring, which is carried out by:
the installation of the first block, the first block has a first set of block elements of the same size with the pattern of the block element, the first element of the first is noreste block elements has a decorative pattern, pattern, different from pattern block elements; the first set of elements of the block forms the first full pattern, and
the placement of the second block next to the first block, the second block has many elements of a block of the same size with a pattern of block elements, where one element of the block from the second set of block elements has a decorative pattern, while the second set of block elements forms a second pattern, which essentially differs from the first full pattern, the element of the first block having a decorative pattern, adjacent to the element of the second unit having a decorative pattern, resulting in a decorative pattern.

16. The method according to clause 15, which additionally carry out
the placement of the third block next to the first block or the second block, while the third block is a set of elements of the same block size, and the third element block of the third set of block elements has a decorative pattern, and the third element block having a decorative pattern that is adjacent to one of the elements of the first or second blocks having a decorative pattern.

17. The method according to item 15, in which the first block has a ridge protruding from the periphery of the first region, and a groove on the periphery of the second edge opposite the first edge.

18. The method according to 17, in which the second block has a ridge, protruding from the periphery of the first region, and a groove on the periphery of the second edge opposite the first edge.

19. The method according to p, which optionally connects the crest of the second block with the groove of the first block, ensuring their mutual fixation.

20. The method according to item 15, in which the first block and the second block are laminates flooring with elements of the flooring pattern under the wood.

21. The method according to item 15, in which the elements of the blocks contain received embossed surface texture, combined with a decorative pattern.

22. The method according to claim 20, in which the pattern represents a received embossed surface texture.

23. The method according to item 15, in which the first and second blocks are laminates flooring with patterns in the form of ceramic tiles.

24. The method according to item 15, in which both the first block and the second block includes at least four block element.

25. System flooring from laminate for the formation of a decorative pattern, containing:
a first block having a first set of elements of the same block size, the block elements of the first set of block elements have a pattern of the block element placed on them, the first block element of the first set of block elements has a decorative pattern, with the decorative is the first picture, essentially differs from the pattern block elements; and the first set of block elements forming the first full pattern, and
the second block having a second set of elements of the same block size, the block elements of the second set of block elements have a pattern block elements, and one element from the second set of block elements has a decorative pattern, and the second set of block elements forms a second pattern, different from the first full pattern, with
decorative paintings element of the first block and the second element unit are aligned with each other when the first block is installed with an offset relative to the second unit, with aligned decorative drawings form a decorative pattern.

26. System A.25, which further comprises:
the third block having at least four elements of the block of the same size, with one of the elements of the unit has a decorative pattern, so that when the third block is installed with an offset from both the first and second blocks, decorative pattern element of the third block combined with decorative drawings on the element of the first block and the second element block.

27. System A.25, which further comprises:
the fourth block having at least four elements of the same block is of size.

28. System A.25, in which both the first block and the second block have at least four block element.

29. System A.25, in which the first block and the second block are laminates flooring with patterns in the form of a wood structure.

30. System A.25, in which the elements of the blocks contain received embossed surface texture, combined with a separate figure.

31. System A.25, in which the first block contains:
a ridge protruding from the periphery of one edge of the first block;
and
the sheet passing through the periphery of the opposite edge of the first block.

32. System A.25, in which the second block contains:
a ridge protruding from the periphery of one end of the second block;
and
the groove along the periphery of the opposite edge
the second unit, with any of the grooves made with the possibility
receive any of the crests.

33. System A.25, in which the pattern of the block element is the received embossed surface texture.

34. The method according A.25, in which the first and second blocks are laminates flooring, with a surface pattern in the form of ceramic tiles.

35. System flooring from laminate to form a floor covering having a decorative pattern floor length greater than the length of a single element, the soda is containing:
the set of first elements, each of which has the first full pattern, each of them divided into multiple block elements, with each element of the block has a predetermined shape, wherein the set of block elements form the first complete pattern, and the block element in the first position includes a separate pattern, forming a decorative pattern, and in the second position, the block element does not include a separate pattern, the set of second elements, each of which has a second pattern, each of them divided into multiple block elements, with each element block has a defined shape while many elements of the block form a second pattern, and the block element in the first position does not include a separate pattern and the second position element includes a separate pattern,
many third elements, each of which has a third full pattern, each of them divided into multiple block elements, with each element of the block has a predetermined shape, wherein the set of block elements form a third full pattern, and the block element in the first position and the block element in the second position includes a separate pattern,
many fourth of elements, each of which has a fourth full pattern, each of them divided into many element is in the block, each block element has a predetermined shape, wherein the set of block elements form the fourth full pattern, and the block element in the first position and the block element in the second position does not include a separate pattern,
in which the first, second, third and fourth full patterns differ from each other,
the first position of the set of first elements is the same position as the first position of many second, third and fourth elements,
in this second position of the set of first elements is the same position as the second position of many second, third and fourth elements,
while many first, second, third and fourth elements arranged next to each other, put a separate figure, thereby forming a decorative pattern floor length greater than the length of the individual element.

36. System flooring from laminate on p in which the item block in the third position of many of the first, second and fourth elements does not include a separate pattern, and the block element in the third position of the set of third elements includes a separate pattern.

37. System flooring from laminate on p in which the item block in the fourth position of many of the first, second and fourth elements does not include a separate pattern, if e is ω block element in the fourth position of the set of third elements includes a separate pattern.

38. System flooring from laminate according to clause 37, in which the item block in the fifth position of many of the first, second and fourth elements does not include a separate pattern, and the block element in the fifth position of the set of third elements includes a separate pattern.

39. System flooring from laminate on p, in which the desired shape is rectangular.

40. System flooring from laminate to form a floor covering having a decorative pattern floor length greater than the length of a single element, containing:
the set of first elements, each of which has the first full pattern, each of them divided into multiple block elements, with each element of the block has a predetermined shape, wherein the set of block elements form the first complete pattern, and the block element in the first position includes a separate pattern, forming a decorative pattern, and in the second position, the block element does not include a separate pattern,
the set of second elements, each of which has a second pattern, each of them divided into multiple block elements, with each element of the block has a predetermined shape, wherein the set of block elements form a second pattern, and the block element in the first position and the block element in the second position include the Department of the tion pattern, and
many third elements, each of which has a third full pattern, each of them divided into multiple block elements, with each element of the block has a predetermined shape, wherein the set of block elements form a third full pattern, and the block element in the first position and the block element in the second position does not include a separate pattern,
in which the first, second and third full patterns differ from each other,
the first position of the set of first elements is the same position as the first position of many of the second and third elements,
in this second position of the set of first elements is the same position as the second position of many of the second and third elements,
while many first, second and third elements arranged next to each other, put a separate figure, thereby forming a decorative pattern floor length greater than the length of the individual element.



 

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Sectional floor // 2245971

FIELD: building, particularly floor structures in rooms adapted for electronic and electrical equipment installation.

SUBSTANCE: floor comprises height-adjustable stands with support plates to which beams with panels are connected. Each support plate has slots located in crosswise manner and opened from peripheral part thereof. Support plate is provided with covering plate having central orifice, cuts arranged in crosswise manner along its perimeter and radial extensions dividing covering plate into four equal segments. Panel plate corners rest upon segment surfaces. Covering plate has metal strips crossing at the 90o angle and disposed from lower side thereof. Two pair of slots are formed between covering plate cuts and extend in annular direction. Metal strip ends passing through above slots are bent on outer side of covering plate.

EFFECT: increased operational performance.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly adjustable floor supports.

SUBSTANCE: support comprises combined post including rod with outer thread connected to circular ring support plate and hollow tubular member connected to lower plate secured to floor underlay. Support plate has pair of slots arranged along plate perimeter in crosslike manner and provided with covering plate having central orifice. Covering plate comprises radial extensions for floor panels installation and cuts arranged in crosslike manner to provide free beam installation in mating slots of support plate. Hollow tubular member of post has inner thread engaging mating rod thread. Hollow tubular member diameter is equal to 0.2 - 0.3 of support plate diameter. Covering plate is provided with two metal strips crossing each other in central orifice area thereof. Two opposite pair of slots are made between covering plate cuts. Ends of metal strip pass through above slots and are bent on outer surface of covering plate.

EFFECT: improved service performance.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly adjustable supports for raised floor or double-floor structures.

SUBSTANCE: set comprises threaded rod with nut screwed on rod, short cylindrical member connected to plate by one end thereof and replaceable cylindrical head having inner conical surface. Difference between head end diameters is 0.4 - 0.6 mm. Method of support assembling involves placing cylindrical member on floor; putting replaceable head on cylindrical member and inserting threaded rod in head.

EFFECT: extended range of technical capabilities along with maintaining high connection reliability.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly composite raised floors made of panels and defining space for laying electric cables and/or providing ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: support comprises rod fixedly secured to support panel and body formed as sleeve and having support flange on the first end and cylindrical flange on another one. Cylindrical flange may be axially displaced and fixed on rod. Sleeve side has part with curvilinear surface extending over at least half of sleeve length defined by flanges. Curvilinear surface is formed by rotation of second-order line segment around support axis.

EFFECT: increased strength characteristics, particularly directional stability of support body subjected to axial alternating loads when temporary compression force is applied to support body.

19 cl, 6 dwg

Raised floor panel // 2250316

FIELD: building, particularly raised floor panels installed on adjustable supports and used for assembling floors in rooms equipped with computer or other electronic devices.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes inner load-bearing layer of resin-bonded chipboard material, upper and lower layers of sheet metal. At least two opposite sides of inner load-bearing layer are impregnated with primer and aqueous glue is applied to the sides. Above sides are then covered with polyvinylchloride coating. Primer and aqueous glue are acrylic-based and include dag. Inner layer comprises at least two layers with increased density cooperating with upper and lower panel layers. Electric resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 Ohm.

EFFECT: improved service properties and increased panel rigidity.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly raised floors in offices adapted for heavy equipment installation.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes tray-like metal member forming panel base and side walls having folded inwards edges extending in parallel to panel base. Arranged inside tray is load-bearing layer covered with metal sheet. Load-bearing layer has non-uniform density along height thereof and includes groove extending along layer perimeter. Metal sheet has peripheral extension formed in lower side thereof and cooperating with groove. Folded edges are connected with metal sheet in area of contact between extensions and grooves, outer surfaces thereof are in plane with outer surface of metal sheet connected to inner load-bearing layer by depressions and/or glue.

EFFECT: increased load bearing capacity and rigidity.

8 cl, 3 dwg

Raised floor panel // 2250318

FIELD: building, particularly raised floors for offices equipped with computers.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes bearing plate of timber-based material enclosed with metal shell from all plate sides. Shell is formed as two boxes, namely upper and lower ones. Each box has rectangular part defining upper and lower panel sides, and side edges folded along rectangular part perimeter. Folded side edges extend over half of end panel side height. Area of rectangular part of upper box exceeds that of lover part by (4-5)δ value, where δ is thickness of upper box. Folded side edges of upper and lower boxes are equal in height. End parts of adjacent side edges of each end plate side are pressed together in overlapped manner.

EFFECT: improved antistatic properties of raised floor, increased reliability of panel connection.

7 cl, 2 dwg

False floor panel // 2252993

FIELD: building units, particularly false floors elevated above base and supported by adjustable supports.

SUBSTANCE: false floor defining a chamber for communication lines consists of panels. Floor panel comprises inner load-bearing layer of flakeboard, upper decorative layer of vinyl plastics and lower layer of sheet material. At least two opposite side surfaces of inner layer are impregnated with priming agent and aqueous adhesive is applied on above surfaces to which polyvinylchloride coating is further connected. Priming agent and aqueous adhesive are formed on acrylic base and dag is added to above substances. Inner layer includes at least two high-density sub-layers contacting with upper and lower panel layers. Electrical resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 ohm.

EFFECT: increased strength of floor panel.

10 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.

SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.

EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.

6 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly floor, ceiling and wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: support includes square lower bearing plate made of flexible metal sheet material and upper bearing plate. The plates have central orifices. Central orifice of lower plate comprises rod receiving recess and is surrounded with annular depression having depth not exceeding sheet thickness. Central orifice of upper plate comprises flange. The plates are provided with radial grooves located so that convex surfaces thereof face each other. Depression and grooves have oval cross-section and oval or wavy cross-sections in connection areas in-between. Upper plate is made of the same material as the lower one. Orifices for fastening members receiving formed in lower plate and holes for gasket fixing made in upper plate are coaxial and created along stiffening ribs extending along square diagonals.

EFFECT: increased support resistance and strength thereof along with reduced material consumption, decreased mass and simplified manufacture.

14 cl, 6 dwg

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