Hydraulic power station of sea current of kuschenko va

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: hydraulic power station of sea current includes above-water platforms, horizontal and vertical load-bearing cables with buoys fixed on the platforms, weights located on the sea bed and attached to the buoys, generator units attached to the cables, electric power converters, devices for water separation to hydrogen and oxygen and control system. Generator units include pressure sealed electric power generators, blade elements and voltage regulators. Generator units are performed separated at the cables. To the horizontal load-bearing cables there attached are vertical cables. The outputs of device for water separation are connected to the device for hydrogen and oxygen liquefaction, which is connected with the pipeline and hydrogen and oxygen consumers. Pressure sealed electric power generator is attached to the front fairwater piece, which is attached to the voltage regulator. Blade element has a spiral form and is fixed on the electric power generator shaft and attached to the rear fairwater piece. Fairwater piece and spiral element have cavities that provide specified floatability. Generator units on the cables are separated by actuating cylinders. Vertical cables provide movement of maintenance elevators.

EFFECT: simplification of hydraulic power station operation, facilitation of its maintenance.

4 cl, 5 dwg

 

Invent relates to hydropower and can be used to convert the energy of ocean currents into electricity.

Known free-threaded hydropower installation in A.S. No. 175906, IPC F03C, CL 88, 4, where garlands transforming turbines are located at a certain distance from each other along the flow. A disadvantage of this device is that it cannot be used to convert the energy of ocean currents.

Known stream hydroelectric power plant on the patent of Russian Federation №2086799 C1, F03B 9/00, which uses the energy of sea currents, where in submerged body has a chain paddle conveyor, the envelope of vertically spaced sprockets and kinematically associated with the generator.

The disadvantages are:

1. Low power developed by the installation.

2. The impossibility of using the energy flow currents along the width, depth and length.

3. The inability to accumulate the received energy and to bring it to the consumer due to the remoteness of the sea currents from consumers.

The prior art hydroelectric sea currents containing surface platforms, horizontal and vertical power cables with buoys attached to the platforms, cargo, placed on the bottom and attached to the buoys, power generators, zakreplenien cables, power Converter and razlojili water into hydrogen and oxygen, with blocks of generators include sealed electric power generator, centrifugal elements and stabilizers on the ropes blocks generators made divided by horizontal power cables attached to the vertical cables, and power Converter outputs connected to the electricity consumers, and the outputs of razoritelya water is connected to the device liquefaction of hydrogen and oxygen, which are connected to the pipeline and consumers of hydrogen and oxygen, such as tanks transport vehicle (patent US 4850190, 25.07.1989, F03B 13/10), which is the closest analogue (prototype).

The disadvantage of the prototype is the complexity of its Assembly and disassembly, repair work.

The problem to which this invention is directed, is to create small and large stations both underwater and above-water based.

The technical result consists in simplifying their operation due to light expanding and collapsing GAST, makes it easy to repair elements of the station.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that hydroelectric sea currents containing surface platforms, horizontal and vertical power cables with buoys attached to the platforms, the rouses, placed on the bottom and attached to buoys, power generators, mounted on the cables, inverters, razlojili water into hydrogen and oxygen and management system, with blocks of generators include sealed electric power generator, centrifugal elements and stabilizers on the ropes blocks generators made divided by horizontal power cables attached to the vertical cables, and power Converter outputs connected to the electricity consumers, and the outputs of razoritelya water is connected to the device liquefaction of hydrogen and oxygen, which are connected to the pipeline and consumers of hydrogen and oxygen, such as tanks transport ship according to the invention sealed electric power generator attached to front fairing attached to the stabilizer, a blade element made spiral, fixed on the shaft of the electric power generator and attached to the rear fairing and the fairing and the spiral element is designed with cavities, which provides the desired buoyancy, on the ropes blocks generators divided power cylinders, vertical cables provide repair of elevators, and generator unit connected to the information rectifiers and power rectifiers, the outputs of which obyedinenie connected to the power Converter and to razlozhite water into hydrogen and oxygen, thus block the conversion of electricity into hydrogen and oxygen is set at the bottom, or on a surface platform or on the ground, and the control system includes a digital processor, an input device-output data and is connected to the information sensors and actuators of the system, and drives the brake blocks generators.

Unit generators for power cables is adjustable position. Spiral elements are fixed rigidly or movably about the axis.

The invention is illustrated by drawings: figure 1 shows the blade element actuator; figure 2 shows the block generator; figure 3 is a variant of the mounting blocks generators between two ships on the rope; figure 4 shows accommodation blocks generators on the way sea currents, held ships and / or cargo; figure 5 shows a General scheme HASNT.

Figure 1 shows the blade element of the actuator 1, is made in the form of a helical surface with reinforcing elements 2 - inside the surface, which is sealed and filled with gas (e.g. air, or there is provided a vacuum). Elements 1 provided with a bracket 3, which (depending on requirements) flexible or rigid connection elements 1.

Figure 2 shows the block generator (BG) 4, containing the actual hermetically made generator electric voltage is 5, on the shaft 6 which is made in rigid or flexible form) are attached to the spiral elements 1, and at the end of the shaft is attached streamlined capacity 7 with adjustable cargo 8. Capacity 7 also does not contain gas or filled, for example, air). The generator 5 is brake shaft 9. To the generator 5 are mounted stabilizers 10. To the generator 5 is mounted gidrooptika capacity (fairing) 11 (also without gas or filled with gas such as air). The generator 5, the stabilizer 10, the Radome 11 is attached to the power cable 12 (with the possibility of withdrawing from the cable), which contains the power cylinders 13 (which is lighter than water). Figure 3 shows a variant of the fastening BG 4 between the two ships 14, 15 on the cable 12. Such fastening can be performed on the banks of the river (stream). 4 shows an accommodation BG 4 on the way sea currents. BG 4 are held by ships 14, 15 and (or) goods 16. Vertical power cables 17 are supporting the floating tanks (buoys) 18, to which are attached horizontal power cables 12 to which is attached BG 4. The top of the power cable 12 is supplied with the signal beacons 19. The cable 12 is attached to the vertical cables 20, on which the special elevators 21 can move personnel and spare parts. Elevators can be many or one, a certain group BG 4. The power cables 12, 17 are attached to the electric wire 22, to the who have access either to the surface of the platform, made in the form of ships, 14, 15 (the earth), or to block the conversion of electricity into hydrogen and oxygen (BPMC) 23, the pipe from which 24 deposited on the surface to the platform 25, fitted with connectors 26, 27 and signal beacon 28. Transport ship 29 through hose 30 connects their tanks 31 with BPMC 25, is installed, for example, on a special platform on the surface or on the bottom. Figure 5 shows a General scheme HASNT 32 (which can be combined in cascade GESAMT 1 - n). Here BG 4 is connected to the power rectifiers (AC) 33 and information rectifiers (VI) 34. SU 33 United their (+, -) outputs and connected to the inverter PR 35 and razlozhite water (RZV) 36 connected to the pump (H) 37 connected to the intake of water (ZAB) 38. PR 35 converts the DC voltage in (for example) three-phase AC (f1F2F3F0) for consumers. RZV 36 1-m conduit connected to the pump (N) 39 connected to digitaly hydrogen (H2) (SIN2) 40 connected to the pump (H) 41 connected to the connector 26. 2nd pipeline RZV 36 is connected to the pump (H) 42 connected to digitaly oxygen (DLC2) 43 connected to the pump (H) 44 connected to the connector 27. Digital processor (VK-C) 45 included in the control system (SU) 46 and connected to the display (DS) 43 and the keyboard (CRT) 48. SU 46 is connected to the outputs of the And 34, to the control input N 37 to the control inputs RZV 36 and to the information sensors RZV 36, information sensors PR 35, to the control inputs of the PR 35, to the control input H 42, H 39, to the control inputs and data outputs SIN240, DLC243 to the control inputs N 41, N 44. Brake gear (TM) 9 is also connected to the SU 46.

The device operates as follows. Ships 14, 15 (figure 3) stretch the cable 12, which is attached BG 4. The flow of water rotates the elements 1, which spin a shaft 6 which rotates the electric power generator 5. Power cylinders 13 are not allowed to move relative to each other BG 4. By the lifting force of the fairing 11, capacitance 7 and the load 8 is set to the desired angle of interaction with water flow spiral element 1 (horizontal to vertical). Ships (platform) 14, 15 (figure 4) and the cargo hold 16 vertical and horizontal wires 17, 12 and buoys 18. Thus, there is a three-dimensional structure. By means of the cable 20 and 21 lifts (in manual or automatic mode) is the movement of personnel and spare parts while repairing HASNT 32. BG 4 during the rotation of spiral elements 1 water produces an AC voltage that is rectified SU 33 (and 34 VI). DC voltage VS 33 are summed and fed to the PR 35 and RZV 36. Three-phase voltage (f0F1F2F3) postopia the consumer. RZV 36 through ZAB 38 and N receives N2Oh and decomposes it into H2and O2. N 39 hydrogen takes in SIN240, where the process of liquefaction of hydrogen. N 42 oxygen supplies in DLC243, where the process of liquefaction of oxygen. Then H2and O2appropriate pumps N 41, N 44 through REM 26, 27, the pipe 24, the platform 25, the conduit 30 is received in the reservoir 31 transport ship 29 (or onshore user). VK-C processor 45 through SU 46 manages included in the device elements. Commands are entered using KLT 48. Information is displayed on the DS 47. When performing repair works selected BG 4 using TM 9 is inhibited. He can be removed from the cable 12 and replaced.

The device provides the following benefits:

1. The device produces electricity or energotarifa - hydrogen and oxygen from seawater or other water currents.

2. Allows you to easily expand and collapse HASNT.

3. Makes it easy to repair elements of the station.

4. Allows you to create small and large stations as underwater and above-water based.

5. Great energy source, substitute, oil, renewable, environmentally friendly, in large quantities.

1. Hydroelectric sea currents containing surface platforms, horizontal and vertical silove the rope with buoys, fixed platforms, cargo, placed on the bottom and attached to buoys, power generators, mounted on the cables, inverters, razlojili water into hydrogen and oxygen and management system, with blocks of generators include sealed electric power generator, centrifugal elements and stabilizers on the ropes blocks generators made divided by horizontal power cables attached to the vertical cables, and power Converter outputs connected to the electricity consumers, and the outputs of razoritelya water is connected to the device liquefaction of hydrogen and oxygen, which are connected to the pipeline and consumers of hydrogen and oxygen, such as tanks, transport vehicle, characterized what sealed the electricity generator is attached to the front fairing attached to the stabilizer, a blade element made spiral, fixed on the shaft of the electric power generator and attached to the rear fairing and the fairing and the spiral element is designed with cavities, which provides the desired buoyancy, on the ropes blocks generators divided power cylinders, vertical cables provide repair of elevators, and generator unit connected to the information rectifiers and power vypra is Italy, the outputs are combined and connected to the power Converter and to razlozhite water into hydrogen and oxygen, and the unit conversion of electricity into hydrogen and oxygen is set at the bottom, or on a surface platform or on the ground, and the control system includes a digital processor, an input device-output data and is connected to the information sensors and actuators of the system, and drives the brake blocks generators.

2. The hydroelectric power plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the power generators on the power cables is adjustable position.

3. The hydroelectric power plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the spiral elements is fixed relative to the axis.

4. The hydroelectric power plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the spiral elements mounted movably relative to the axis.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: power industry.

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10 cl, 3 dwg

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FIELD: power engineering.

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5 dwg

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2 cl, 2 dwg

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FIELD: power engineering.

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EFFECT: higher efficiency factor of plant with reduction of its dimensions and simultaneous increase of power.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

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7 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

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FIELD: mechanical engineering.

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FIELD: engines and pumps.

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2 cl, 2 dwg

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3 cl, 6 dwg

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2 cl, 3 dwg

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4 dwg

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2 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: hydrogenerator of sea currents comprises two underwater bodies arranged as spindle-shaped and connected to each other as catamaran with a binding compartment. In front part of each body there is a ring of hydrodynamic speed-up installed for water current with confusor, diffuser, working zone, which represents a cylinder outside, and having convex surface inside, arc inwards. Speedup ring in body is installed on pylons, front and back, horizontal and vertical ones. Pylons in section have hydrodynamic profile, front ones act as confusor, back ones - as diffuser, at speed section between front and back pylons there is a blade hydroturbine installed, being coaxially connected to electric generator via step-up planetary reduction gear. Hydroturbines and electric generators of both bodies have opposite rotation. Emergency plant of double purpose is installed in tail part of bodies. Nose cones of bodies and their binding compartment include nose and stern anchor devices with mechanisms for control of length and force of anchor chain tension. Transfer of produced hydrogen and components of electrolysis is done with the help of replaceable transport means.

EFFECT: increased aggregate capacity, efficiency factor and reliability.

Source of energy // 2370662

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: source of energy comprises electric generator 1, arranged as birotary with internal and external rotors 5 and 4 and hydrodynamic drive 2 with internal and external shafts 13 and 12 of drive. On external rotor 4 of electric generator 1 there are stages of working blades 14 installed, between which here are stages of opposite rotation working blades 16 installed, being connected to internal rotor 5 of electric generator, through magnetic couplings 17, number of which corresponds to number of stages of opposite rotation working blades 16.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of plant with reduction of its size and simultaneous increase of power.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

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EFFECT: provision of effective generation of electric energy using energy contained in high-pressure formations.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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