Route indicator, particularly indicating escape routes in case of fire, installed in floor or wall

FIELD: fire safety.

SUBSTANCE: route indicator comprises a self-luminescent route indicator and a substrate, which is arranged at the bottom and/or at the top of at least one route indicator or forms the mentioned self-luminescent route indicator. At the same time the following components are superimposed onto the substrate: raster or dashed structure of an appropriate type, which partially hides the route indicator, besides the specified self-luminescent route indicator is partially visible through this structure and/or coating, which hides the route indicator and is processed to partially let the light or scattered light through, and partially blocking or screening visual perception of photoluminescent material under conditions of illumination or booster lighting.

EFFECT: development of improved route indicator, which under illumination or booster lighting conditions may be perceived at most various surfaces of walls or floor in the form of a pattern of required colour or shape, and if required, it may be almost invisible.

11 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to a pointer to the path, such as an evacuation route in case of fire, placed in the floor or wall and containing sonoluminescence a pointer to the path and the substrate that is placed on the top and/or bottom of the at least one pointer ways and forms mentioned sonoluminescence a pointer to the path.

In the patent document WO 9857315 described tiled building material, containing inside information or indicate the direction the structure of sonoluminescing or fluorescent substances. In the patent document US-2003/215596 disclosed floor tiles, fitted sonoluminescing pointer path. The disadvantage of these known technical solutions, which they have not found wide application, is that by their means the display is not optimal from an aesthetic point of view.

In the patent document US 2003/0215596 described a pointer to the path. According to this technical solution at the base tile is photoluminescent material, and under normal lighting tile index merges with the environment. Unfortunately, the technology index path disclosed in this document may not be applied to all types of building materials. Another drawback to this guide is that he is not able to reproduce the igure of any desired color or shape in light conditions or lights.

Thus, the purpose of this invention is to provide an improved pointer to the path of the light or lights can be seen on a variety of surfaces of walls or the floor in the picture of the desired color or form, but if necessary can be almost invisible.

In accordance with the invention, this goal is achieved by applying to the substrate:

- raster or line patterns of the proper type, partially hiding the pointer to the path, and mentioned sonoluminescence index path partially visible through this structure,

and/or the floor, hiding the pointer path and arranged to partially transmit light or scattered light, and partially blocking or shielding the visual perception of the photoluminescent material in light conditions or lights.

In normal lighting conditions specified raster or line structure or coating provide a match with the environment they display picture, but in dark conditions index path becomes clearly visible through these raster or line structure or floor. If desired, raster or line structure or coating can be provided with a deliberately conspicuous stripe, but in the darkness a pointer to the path that is visible from under p is strovas patterns, should provide a guide line and/or the sequence of arrows or any other indication, clearly visible on the floor and the wall.

Preferred variants of the invention are disclosed in dependent claims. Hereinafter the invention is described in more detail in the illustrative example variants of its implementation disclosed with reference to the accompanying drawings, on which:

Figure 1 depicts the cross-section of tiles used for wall surfaces of the walls or floor and contains a pointer to the path corresponding to the first embodiment of the invention;

Figure 2 depicts the cross section of the tile that contains a pointer to the path that corresponds to the second variant of the invention;

Figure 3 above depicts a bitmap structure corresponding to one of the variants of the invention;

Figure 4 depicts a bitmap structure corresponding to another variant of the invention, simulating the appearance of a tiled tiles;

5 and 6 depict cross-sections of tiles, equipped with a pointer to the path corresponding to the other possible variants of the invention.

Consider the example shown in figure 1. In floor 1 floor or wall, for example in the tiled floor 1, the cavity extends in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the drawing. In the cavity installed panel 3 made of glass or plastic, having a recess in its bottom surface, in which is placed the pointer 2 ways of sonoluminescing material (photoluminescent material). The pointer 2 can be made in the form of a long strip from tile to tile and containing directional arrows placed at appropriate intervals from each other. Index 2 path may also contain arrows, each of which is located in a separate tile. The upper surface of the panel 3 is created, for example, by way of screen printing and has a bitmap structure 4, imitating the surface of the tile 1 or, if desired, any other surface. 3 and 4 show examples of raster structures that mimic stone floor tiles. The raster structure 4 may be a picture of any color and shape, visible in light conditions, but disappearing in the darkness. In other words, the raster structure renders the pointer to the path, partially hidden this bitmap structure.

Since the raster structure is produced by way of screen printing, Prodanova enamel on the glass surface, this structure can be annealed in the furnace results in wear-resistant coatings, represents a part of the surface of the floor. The pointer 2 can be also located on the top side of the substrate 3, directly under the raster structure 4. When placing the pointer 2 paths in the substrate 3 it is not necessary to create the notch. Index 2 way mo is et to be performed, for example, in the form of adhesive tape from sonoluminescing material or adhesive tape covered sonoluminescing material attached to the surface of the substrate 3. The pointer 2 can be also made of two-component compound, usually in the form of a layer thickness of 0.5-2 mm, not requiring a mandatory recesses in the substrate 3.

Figure 2 shows an alternative variant of the invention, which differs from the previous ones by the fact that the substrate 3 is composed of two superimposed on each of the sheets 3A, 3b, between which is placed the pointer 2 ways. Index 2 path runs along the entire width of the substrate 3, which also corresponds to the case illustrated in figure 5.

In the examples shown in figure 5 and 6, the raster structure 4 is additionally covered with a protective layer 5, which may be made of glass, plastic or resin. In this case, the raster structure 4 can be pressed on the plastic film, placed between sheets 3 and 5. However, it is most preferable to push the raster structure directly on the top surface of the sheets 3A, 3b are essentially coplanar to the outer surface of the tiled layer 1. Therefore, there will be no additional glossy surface layer 5, and the surface is as homogeneous as possible. As a result, the sheets 3 and 5 will form a support substrate for yasat the La way and for raster patterns 4.

The example shown in Fig.6, is different from the example shown in figure 5, so that the pointer 2 way placed between a rigid transparent panel 3b and the main panel 3A, and the first included in the substrate. The main panel 3A should be opaque. It can be part of the tile 1, with the declared pointer path may be located in a groove in the tile 1. It is also possible in other embodiments of the invention. Along the pointer 2 ways, with one of its sides, is provided by the reflective surface 6, which is located under the raster structure 4. The reflector 6 improves visual perception of direction when it is lighting, for example, a spotlight, or in the case when this area has long been in darkness, and therefore sonoluminescence ability directed labeling decreased. Mentioned reflective surface can be used in other embodiments of the invention.

Index 2 path together with its substrates 3, 5, raster structure 4 and the possible main panel 3A may form a multilayer structure, which is equal to the thickness of the floor or wall tile 1. This multilayer structure can be assembled in a single unit. In addition, the block can be made with the possibility of installation in a cavity or recess, formed in the tile 1. If desired, Myung is our least part of the multilayer substrate can be created by casting in situ, for example, using resin. The sheets 3, 3A, 3b, 5 of the substrate can be a polycarbonate panel and/or tempered glass. In addition, the substrate and the direction can be combined, for example, due to the photoluminescent material in the material construction of the tile, then the tile will light up completely. Superimposed raster structure 4 makes a pointer to the path visible in light conditions or lights.

The above invention relates to the floors and walls with tiles, such as tiles, stone. As other possible examples of texture of the surface material can be mentioned parquet or plank flooring, panel or Wallpaper the walls.

In the attached drawings, the thickness of raster patterns 4 are shown for illustration purposes exaggerated. The raster structure has 4 points, lines and pixels other forms that create the desired figure, hiding 20-80%, preferably 40-60%) of the square of the index path. Thus, in conditions of light or illumination is possible to provide any desired pattern on a surface, including a pointer to the path or internal ornament, which disappear in the darkness, and a pointer to the path, which could be any figure, including a glowing color.

The raster structure cost-effective and has a wide range of use is found. In some cases, the same invention, it is advisable to obtain an alternative method, according to which the substrate is coated, hiding the pointer to the path and processed for partial transmission of light (to be partially transparent) or for light scattering and blocking visual perception photoluminescent material in light conditions or lights. Floor with partial transmission of light or translucent coating can be produced, for example, from a thin translucent colored film. Floor, light-scattering, obtained using, for example, glass, the surface is sandblasted, or some other transparent material layer, which surface has roughness for light scattering.

The invention can be used, for example, in the display systems of exit routes and evacuation routes in case of fire. Functional features of the invention is based on the presence of a partially transparent coating. Therefore, postnominally material at the bottom of the main part absorbs the energy, releasing it in the dark in a bright light. Figure coatings can be specified using different raster structures, which can be right and wrong, mono - or polychromatic and to have transparency, the cat is the ROI can be adjusted as desired.

Through the use of raster or line patterns or translucent cover, you can create the desired architectural textures. In many buildings it is desirable to raster or line structure or translucent coating were adapted to the form of the surrounding surface, preferably simulating one or more of its characteristic. In this case, the raster or line structure or floor will be similar to the surrounding surface, at least to some extent.

1. A pointer to the path, such as an evacuation route in case of fire, placed in the floor or wall and containing sonoluminescence pointer (2) ways and the substrate (3, 5), which is imposed from above and/or below at least one pointer ways or forms mentioned sonoluminescence pointer (2) path, characterized in that the substrate (3, 5) imposed
raster or line structure (4) of the proper type, partially hiding the pointer to the path, and mentioned sonoluminescence pointer (2) pathways are partially visible through this structure,
and/or the floor, hiding the pointer path and arranged to partially transmit light or scattered light, and partially blocking or shielding the visual perception of the photoluminescent material in light conditions or lights.

2. A pointer to the path on the .1, characterized in that the said raster or line structure (4) or coating provided on top of the substrate (3) or external coatings, are a part of the surface of the wall or floor.

3. A guide according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the said raster or line structure (4) or coverage obtained by pressing on the surface of the substrate (3, 3b) by screen printing method.

4. A guide according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the said raster or line structure (4) or coverage obtained by pressing on the outer surface of the glass or plastic sheet placed in the substrate (3, 5), and this surface is essentially coplanar to the outer surface of the floor or wall.

5. A guide according to claim 1, characterized in that the said raster or line structure (4) or coverage obtained by pressing on the plastic film, which is connected with the substrate (3) or placed between the substrates (3, 5), the substrate (3, 5) at least partially made of glass, plastic or resin.

6. A pointer to the path according to any one of claims 1, 2, 5, characterized in that the pointer path (2) is installed in a groove in the panel (3)placed in the substrate.

7. A pointer to the path according to any one of claims 1, 2, 5, characterized in that the pointer along the path (2) OEM home button Flex cable is the TREN reflective surface (6), beneath mentioned raster or line structure (4) or coating.

8. A guide according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the substrate contains a block of building material, such as tile or brick, and the said block includes luminescense material.

9. A pointer to the path according to any one of claims 1, 2, 5, characterized in that the pointer (2) the path together with its substrate (3, 5) and the above-mentioned raster or line structure (4) or coating forms a multilayer structure, the thickness of which essentially coincides with the thickness of the floor or wall tile (1).

10. A guide according to claim 9, characterized in that the said multilayer structure are assembled in a single unit, which is made with possibility of installation in the cavity of the tile (1) or replace the tiles that are used as the surface layer of the floor or wall.

11. A guide according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the said raster or line structure (4) or covering adapted to the form of the surrounding surface and in the preferred case simulate at least one characteristic feature.



 

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