Phytowall with polychromatic stimulators of plant growth

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: phytowall comprises vertical panel made of rigid, strong, waterproof, non-toxic and rot-protected plastic, fixed to wall of room or building, system of nutrient solution or water supply. Device includes reservoir for water and nutrient solution accumulation arranged in lower part of phytowall, submersible pump electrically connected to control unit and supply unit, and by means of discharge pipe - to distributor tube. Distributor tube is located across the panel on its upper end. Distributor tube includes outlet holes, with pitch equal to distance between pockets for plants. Pockets for plants are detachably fixed to the panel in rows along horizontal line and in columns along vertical line. Device comprises facility to supply of nutrient solution to roots of plants and source of light. Facility for supply of nutrient solution is arranged in the form of pad from synthetic material with high hydrophilic properties. Pad is attached to the panel by means of brackets, and in upper part it covers distributor tube made of plastic. Calibrated jets that guide nutrient solution flow towards pad are installed in outlet holes of tube. Ratio of total flow rate of jets and reservoir capacity provides for time of drip irrigation with nutrient solution in autonomous mode of supply for at least two weeks at nominal room temperatures. Optionally, tank is made of wood with water-repellent treatment or plastic. Source of light has artificial polychromatic radiation and consists of horizontal lamp fixed to upper part and vertical lamps fixed to sides of phytowall panel, or is mounted on external brackets to room wall. Lamps are arranged with the possibility to provide for modes of spectrum change along with stages of phytowall plants life: formation of root system at the first stage and formation of leaf mass at the second stage, as well as mode of additional radiation to required duration of daylight hours. Lamps are placed into reflector, where one, two or more lamps may simultaneously be located, depending on current stage of phytowall plants life. Control unit is equipped with timer for submersible pump connection within 10-15 minutes from 3 to 8 times per day depending on moisture and temperature of air in the room, and timer of lamps operation mode switching control.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve operational capabilities and intensity of plant growth.

4 cl, 11 dwg

 

The invention relates to gardening and plant growing and can be used for growing plants indoors, including in the conditions of short day length, or in the absence of external illumination, and can also be used for growing plants in a nutrient medium without soil hydroponics, including to create a vertical flower murals for public spaces, offices, storefronts using growing ornamental crops.

The problem of closed areas is high bacterial saturation of the air with long-term stay of the people contributing to the spread of various infections. The situation is complicated by the presence in the air of toxic gaseous substances secreted construction, finishing materials, furniture or coming from outside of toxic substances.

The use of green walls in rooms is a new biological method - environmental phytodesign, which consists in the use of plants with pronounced volatile gas absorbing capacity and properties for air environment improvement of the premises.

Volatile allocation (volatile) plants have bactericidal, bacteriostatic, fungicidal activity against pathogenic and conditionally-pathogenic human microorganisms. Many species of plants the deposits they absorb from the air toxic gaseous compounds, cleaning thus the air.

A device for growing plants on a vertical panel attached to the wall of a room or building, the supply of nutrient solution, pockets for plants that are removable attached to the panel rows and horizontal columns vertically, means for supplying nutrient solution to the roots of the plants and the light source (German patent DE3607772, IPC A01G 9/02, 1986).

Also known device for growing plants without land, containing vertical panel made of plastic and attached to the wall of a room or building, the supply of nutrient solution or water pockets for plants that are removable attached to the panel rows and horizontal columns vertically (French patent Fr 2747265, MPK-7 A01G 31/02, 2000).

A device for growing plants on vertical panels made of rigid material and attached to the wall of a room or building, the supply of nutrient solution or water, means mounting plants (German patent DE 2733428, MPK-7 A01G 31/02, 2000).

A device for growing plants on vertical panels made of rigid material and attached to the wall by means of mounting plants (U.S. patent US 5257476, IPC A01G 1/00, 1993).

A device for the advancing of plants without land on the vertical panel, containing the supply of nutrient solution or water pump, electrically connected with the control unit and power supply unit, connected by pressure pipes from the distribution tube located across the panel at its upper end, in a distribution tube made outlets in increments equal to the distance between the pockets for plants that are removable attached to the panel at an arbitrary location on the panel, means for supplying nutrient solution to the roots of the plants and the light source (patent Fr 2634971, MPK-7 A01G 31/02, 2000).

All of these known technical solutions have the following disadvantages : they may not be used in areas with limited sunlight or in its absence. Devices have limited operational capabilities due to the lack of an integrated combination of power and light duration, quantity and dosage of the feed to the plant nutrient solution.

A device for growing plants without land, containing a vertical panel, made of hard, durable, waterproof, non-toxic and protected from rotting plastic and attached to the wall of a room or building, the supply of nutrient solution or water, where the device includes a tank estimates the value of water and nutrient solution, placed in the lower part of Piestany, submersible pump, electrically connected with the control unit and power supply unit, connected by pressure pipes from the distribution tube located across the panel at its upper end, in a distribution tube made outlets in increments equal to the distance between the pockets for plants that are removable attached to the panel rows and horizontal columns vertically, means for supplying nutrient solution to the roots of the plants and the light source (patent of Russia RU 2163755, IPC7A01G 31/02, 2000).

This solution is the closest to the invention, therefore, adopted for the prototype.

The disadvantages of the prototype is the inability to use technical solutions in areas with limited sunlight or in its absence, and limited operational capabilities due to the lack of an integrated combination of power and light duration, quantity and dosage of the feed to the plant nutrient solution.

These drawbacks are eliminated in the claimed technical solution for improving the operational capabilities of the conditions for growing plants close to the natural by optimizing the combination of intensity, exposure time and the distribution of the light flux polar the automatic growth stimulants and even automatically dosed feed to the plant nutrient solution.

Below is General and private significant features that characterize causality utility model with the specified technical result.

VitaScene with polychromatic plant growth stimulants containing vertical panel, made of hard, durable, waterproof, non-toxic and protected from rotting plastic and attached to the wall of a room or building, the supply of nutrient solution or water, where the device includes a tank for accumulating water and nutrient solution, placed in the lower part of Piestany, submersible pump, electrically connected with the control unit and power supply unit, connected by pressure pipes from the distribution tube located across the panel at its upper end, in a distribution tube made outlets in increments equal to the distance between pockets for plants that are removable attached to the panel rows and horizontal columns vertically, means for supplying nutrient solution to the roots of the plants and the light source. The specified means for supplying nutrient solution is made in the form of a lining of synthetic material with a high hydrophilic properties to the which is attached to the panel by staples and in the upper part covers the specified distribution tube, made of plastic, in the discharge outlet which is equipped with calibrated nozzles, guides the flow of the nutrient solution on the pad. The ratio of the total flow of the nozzles and tank capacity provides time drip irrigation nutrient solution in stand-alone mode of supply in a period of time not less than two weeks at nominal room temperature. The tank is made selectively from wood with water-repellent impregnation or plastic. The specified light source is polychromatic artificial radiation and consists of a horizontal lamp attached to the top, and vertical lamps, selectively attached to the sides of the panel Piestany or to the wall through the extension brackets. Lamp fixtures are made with the possibility of a mode spectrum changes according to the phase of phase of the life of plants Piestany: the formation of the root system in the first phase and the formation of leaf mass in the second stage, as well as additional exposure to the desired length of day. These lamps are placed in the reflector, which can be one, two or more lamps, depending on the current stage of the plant life Piestany. The control unit is equipped with a timer which m turn on the submersible pump for 10-15 minutes 3 to 8 times a day depending on the humidity and temperature of air and the control timer operation mode switching of lamps. This overlay panel Piestany made of woven material with ion exchange fibers impregnated with a nutrient. The discharge tube is placed with the rear side of the panel. At the bottom of the panel are guiding elements for flowing in a tank of nutrient solution.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where: figure 1 shows the General view of the device; figure 2 is a side view of figure 1; figure 3 is a top view of figure 1; figure 4 is a view As in figure 2; figure 5 is an enlarged section of the bar in figure 1; figure 6 is a lamp with two lights, side view; figure 7 is the same, top view, Fig - same with the removed end wall; figure 9 is a lamp on Fig with one lamp (enhanced); figure 10 is a lamp on Fig with three lamps (increased); figure 11 is a General view of the lamp of figure 1 in axonometric projection (side lamps not shown).

VitaScene with polychromatic plant growth regulators consists of a vertical panel 1 made of tough, durable, waterproof, non-toxic and protected from rotting plastic and attached to the wall 2 (4) of the premises or building. The device comprises a supply system the nutrient solution or water, where the device includes a container 3 for the accumulation of water and nutrient solution, placed in the lower part of Piestany, submersible pump 4, an electrically connect the n to the control unit 5 and the power supply unit 6. Pressure pipe is connected to a distribution pipe 8, is located across the panel 1 at its upper end. In the tube 8 is made outlets in increments equal to the distance between the pockets 9 for plants (not shown). Pockets 9 removable attached to the panel 1 rows horizontally and the columns vertically. The means for supplying nutrient solution to the roots of plants made in the form of pads 10 of synthetic material with a high hydrophilic properties, which is attached to the panel by means of brackets 12 (figure 5), and in the upper part covers the specified distribution tube 8, mounted in brackets 13 and made of plastic. In the discharge outlet of the distribution tubes are installed, calibrated nozzles 14, guides the flow of the nutrient solution on the pad 10, and the ratio of the total consumption of the nozzles 14 and tank 3 provides time drip irrigation nutrient solution in stand-alone mode of supply in a period of time not less than two weeks at nominal room temperature. Tank 3 is made selectively from wood with water-repellent impregnation or plastic. The specified light source is polychromatic artificial radiation and consists of 15 horizontal lamp attached to the top, and vertical 16 fixtures attached selectively to acowym sides of the panel 1 Piestany or to the wall 2 of the room by extension brackets (not shown). Lamp 17 lamps are made with the possibility of a mode spectrum changes according to the phase of phase of the life of plants Piestany: the formation of the root system in the first phase and the formation of leaf mass in the second stage, as well as additional exposure to the desired length of day. These lamps are placed in the reflector 18, which can be one, two or more lamps, depending on the current stage of the plant life Piestany, the control unit 5 is equipped with a timer submersible pump 4 for 10-15 minutes 3 to 8 times a day depending on the humidity and temperature of the air in the room, and timer control (not shown) by switching the modes of operation of the lamps. In the tank 3 to enhance the rigidity can be made ribs 19 (Fig 3). This panel overlay 1 Piestany can be made of woven material with ion exchange fibers impregnated with a nutrient. The discharge tube may be placed with the rear side of the panel. At the bottom of the panel can be installed guiding elements for flowing in a tank of nutrient solution.

The technical result from the use of the claimed technical solution is to improve the operational capabilities and growth rate of plants.

This technical result developed the camping due to the optimization of intensity, direction and duration of light from a polychromatic light sources and the time and expense of flow characteristics of nutrient medium to plant roots Piestany. This is achieved with new distinctive features of the claimed technical solution.

A comparison of the claimed technical solution to the prior art known from scientific, technical and patent documentation on the priority date in the main and adjacent sections revealed no means having characteristics identical to all characteristics contained in proposed by the applicant claims, including characterization purposes. I.e. the set of essential features of the claimed solution was not previously known and is not identical with any known technical solutions, therefore, it corresponds to a condition of patentability "novelty".

This solution is capable of industrial application, because the application materials specified its purpose, it can be manufactured in industry and used in various fields of national economy, workable, feasible and reproducible, and features of the device allow to obtain the desired technical result.

The invention as it is characterized in each of the claims, may be done by the go using tools and techniques described in patent RU 2163755 that has become publicly available before the priority date of the invention. Analysis of the known technical solutions in the field of technology have shown that the proposed device is not necessary for the expert in the obvious way from the prior art, since no identified solution having attributes matching the distinctive features of the invention and is not confirmed by the popularity of the influence of distinctive features provided in the application materials technical result. I.e. the claimed solution has features that are missing in the known technical solutions, and the use of these characteristics in the stated essential features gives you the opportunity to gain new technical result, therefore, the proposed solution can be obtained only by creativity and not obvious to a person skilled in this field, i.e. it has an inventive step compared to the current level of technology.

The device works in the following way:

the pump 4 is lowered to the bottom of the tank 3, the pipe 7 from the pump 4 passes up along the panel 1, in which the nutrient solution is fed into the upper part of Piestany through the tube 8 with holes for drip irrigation. Water flows on the surface of the panel and moistens the fabric, and then flows into the tank 3 under the action of gravity. Thanks gerofi inim properties of the tissue lining 10, the solution is distributed over the entire surface of the panel 1 than the constant moisture of the root system of plants. Mineral supplements are introduced into the tank 4 times in 10-14 days.

VitaScene relatively simple to manufacture. On the wall in the room attached to the brackets panel 1 from environmentally friendly, waterproof plastic. On plastic tissue are pockets 9 (material pockets, for example, the French "canape"domestic "dornit"), which will later be planted.

In VitaScene not used the soil - plant grow roots into the fabric.

Watering in the system is carried out automatically - use submersible pump 4 and the system of tubes 7, 8 droppers (jets) 14 for Topoleva. The pump 4 is located in the lower part of Piestany, in the tank for irrigation (volume of tank depends on the size of the wall). Tube 8 sewn into the fabric horizontally, in the top row of the design.

The system is equipped with a timer that allows the user not to worry about the daily watering of plants and eliminates the need to regulate the water supply manually.

VitaScene can operate in standalone mode without connection to the water supply and sanitation, and to represent the system open loop - it all depends on characteristics of the room. In each case wybir the tsya the best option water system.

The principle of vertical growing plants invented nature itself, for example, in South-East Asia and in tropical forests of South America for more than two thousand species of plants are able to grow and develop on the surfaces of rocks, on the trunks of trees. In the claimed VitaScene is mainly used range of plants that in nature freely grow on vertical surfaces. Among them, ferns, begonias, plushy and other non-allergens and do not emit toxic substances.

The use of the device gives the opportunity to improve the quality of the human environment, to improve the environmental interior phytodesign, at the same time design is a design tool and preventive, curative as through air purification plants, by improving the visual perception of the environment by green plants and flowers planted on Philistine.

1. VitaScene with polychromatic plant growth stimulants containing vertical panel, made of hard, durable, waterproof, non-toxic and protected from rotting plastic and attached to the wall of a room or building, the supply of nutrient solution or water, where the device includes a tank for accumulating water and nutrient solution, placed the lower part of Piestany, submersible pump, electrically connected with the control unit and power supply unit, and through the discharge pipe from the distribution tube located across the panel at its upper end, in a distribution tube made outlets in increments equal to the distance between the pockets for plants that are removable attached to the panel rows and horizontal columns vertically, means for supplying nutrient solution to the roots of the plants and the light source, characterized in that the means for supplying the nutrient solution is made in the form of a lining of synthetic material with a high hydrophilic properties, which is attached to the panel by staples, and in the upper part covers specified distribution tube, made of plastic, in the discharge outlet which is equipped with calibrated nozzles, guides the flow of the nutrient solution on the pad, and the ratio of the total flow of the nozzles and tank capacity provides time drip irrigation nutrient solution in stand-alone mode of supply in a period of time not less than two weeks at a nominal room temperature, while the tank is made selectively from wood with water-repellent impregnation or plastic, the light source is polychromatic artificial radiation and consists of a horizontal light is ilnicka, attached to the top and vertical lamps attached to the sides of the panel Piestany, or is mounted on the outrigger brackets to the wall, lamp fixtures are made with the possibility of a mode spectrum changes according to the phase of phase of the life of plants Piestany: the formation of the root system in the first phase and the formation of leaf mass in the second stage, as well as additional exposure to the desired length of the day, these lamps are placed in the reflector, which can be one, two or more lamps, depending on the current stage of the plant life Piestany, while the control unit is equipped with a timer submersible pump for 10-15 minutes, from 3 to 8 times a day depending on the humidity and temperature of the air in the room, and timer controls the switching operation of the lamps.

2. VitaScene with polychromatic stimulants for plant growth according to claim 1, characterized in that the cover panel Piestany made of woven material with ion exchange fibers impregnated with a nutrient.

3. VitaScene with polychromatic stimulants for plant growth according to claim 1, characterized in that the discharge tube is placed with the rear side of the panel.

4. VitaScene with polychromatic stimulants for plant growth according to claim 1, characterized in that h is on the bottom of the panel are guiding elements for flowing in a tank of nutrient solution.



 

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