Method for manufacture and assembly of timber houses, constructions, structures from wooden blocks

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for assembly of timber houses includes usage wooden blocks manufactured according to proposed method from boards laid and fixed in layers at the angle to adjacent layers and to axis of block. Blocks are fixed to each other and to adjacent parts by means of labyrinth or stepped joints. Finished blocks of the first floor are fixed to lower and middle row of beams and to each other by application of gluing substances and/or mechanical facilities, cuts are made in blocks for windows and doors before or after assembly of wooden blocks by metric coordinate grid, previously applied at sides of block or by point marking of window or door contours on block. In blocks with number of layers of more than four, at least one of its inner layers is made of heat insulation, fabric or textured material. To erect inner walls of house its vertical ends are arranged as smooth. Elements of house communications are arranged between layers of block, and frame template is used to manufacture blocks.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of construction, efficiency, coefficient of assembly operations unification, quality and viability of finished structure.

13 cl, 20 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, and in particular to methods of erection of wooden buildings made of solid composite panels, and can be used in the erection of prefabricated low-rise buildings.

The known method of manufacture and Assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures of devalokam consists in the fact that made on the Foundation set lower crown, on which are mounted the outer and inner walls of devalokam, then install the middle crown, which is similarly mounted wall next floor, and they fix the upper crown and set the roof (patent RU №2107135, IPC-6 E04C 2/10, 1998).

The disadvantages of this method are the complexity of Assembly of the house because of the complexity of the design of wall elements, the necessity of lifting devices for mounting, limited unification of technological operations.

There are also known methods of manufacture and Assembly of wooden houses, buildings, constructions from the wooden blocks, which consists in the fact that made on the Foundation set lower crown, which is mounted outside and inside walls of the wooden blocks, then set the average crown, which is similarly mounted wall next floor, and they fix the upper crown and set the roof (patent RU №2144113, M IS K-7 E04B 1/10, 2000).

This solution is the closest to the invention, therefore, adopted for the prototype.

The prototype disadvantages are the complexity of Assembly of the house because of the complexity of the design of wall elements, the necessity of lifting devices for mounting, limited unification of technological operations.

The technical result from the use of the claimed technical solution is to increase construction efficiency by simplifying the Assembly of the structure, productivity in the manufacture of the blocks of buildings thanks to the lightweight manual mounting blocks, increase the coefficient of unification of Assembly operations, as well as the quality and viability of the finished structure through the use of more durable blocks, the design of which ensures minimal geometric dimensional changes due to thermal strains.

This technical result is actually due to a simplified Assembly by using the proposed method of manufacturing wooden all-in-one universal sizes that do not require skilled personnel and lifting mechanisms in the construction process. This is achieved with new distinctive features of the claimed technical solution.

The disadvantages of the prototype are Tr is deamcast build homes due to the complexity of the design wall elements, the necessity of lifting devices for mounting, limited unification of technological operations.

Below is General and private significant features that characterize causality utility model with the specified technical result.

The method of manufacture and Assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures of devalokam consists in the fact that made on the Foundation set lower crown, which is mounted outside and inside walls of devalokam, then install the middle crown, which is similarly mounted wall next floor, and they fix the upper crown and install the roof. Pre-made wreaths structure having a cross-section in places mates with drawablebase alternating protrusions and depressions labyrinth seal, and dreamlike in the form of a parallelepiped with base in the form of a rectangle or other geometric shape with the height of the block is equal to the height of the wall of the floor of a building or structure. The width of the block is determined by its weight, which is chosen in the range from the minimum determined by the value of the permissible load for manual installation, and up to a maximum equal to the size of the wall in mechanized installation. The boards of each layer are placed at an angle to the axis of the block. Boards of adjacent layers are oriented at an angle on the angle to each other, while boards of each layer and between layers of tightly interconnected with an adhesive or by mechanical means, then the ends of the blocks are cut corresponding to the connecting protrusions and depressions, perform final machining of the outer surface of the block and its antiseptic coating and painting materials. The finished blocks of the first floor attached to the bottom and middle rows and interconnected by means of connection in the form of alternating ridges and troughs labyrinth seal, and corner blocks connect to each other of the stepped sections at the ends, has consistently set the inner wall, connecting them with the paired elements similar to the mounting of external walls. After that, similarly perform installation following floors, all connection blocks with adjacent elements are permanent through the use of adhesives and/or mechanical means, in blocks perform the cutouts for Windows and doors before or after mounting devalokam on the metrical grid is pre-printed on the side of the block, or on a point marking the outlines of the Windows or doors on the unit. Layer Board unit is placed at an acute angle to the axis of the block and to the axes of boards in adjacent layers. Layer Board unit is placed at right angles to the axis of the block and to the axes of boards in adjacent layers. Board layers orientirujutsja or across the axis of the block. In blocks with the number of layers is more than four, at least one of its inner layers are made of insulating material. Boards in adjacent layers of the block with the same arrangement of parallel, boards of one layer is shifted by half the width of the Board in respect of the boards of another layer. Adjacent layer Board link in the quarter, tongue or pathographies connection. Unit boards perform snodename. For construction of internal walls of its vertical ends perform smooth. Between adjacent layers of the boards of block place and attach fabric or textured materials. Between the layers of the block to post items of hidroelektromontazas home. For manufacturing units use the master template. For the manufacture of floor slabs and ceilings using the above drawable.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings, in which figure 1 is a perspective view of the assembled house, in figure 2 - drawable, front view; figure 3 is the same as in figure 2, a side view; figure 4 is the same as in figure 2, rear view; figure 5 is a block window; figure 6 - a view a-a in figure 5; figure 7 is a cross section of the block with a fabric lining; Fig - cross-section unit with thermal insulating gasket; figure 9 is a block ptogressive ends; figure 10 - type B-B figure 9, the cross section of the block with ptogressive ends; figure 11 - block with stupas is natami cutouts at the ends; on Fig - view In figure 11; Fig - cross-section unit with pathographies connection boards; Fig - block coordinate marking grid; Fig - magnified view I Fig; Fig - view G-g of figure 1; Fig - view d-D in figure 1, Fig - view e-E in figure 1, Fig - type f-F in figure 1, Fig - view C-C in figure 1.

The method of manufacture and Assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures of devalokam is that made on the Foundation 1 set lower crown 2, which is mounted outside and inside walls of devalokam 3, then set the average crown 4, which is likewise mounted wall next floor, and they fix the upper crown 5 and install the roof 6.

Before assembling the house pre-made wreaths structure having a cross-section in places mates with drawablebase alternating protrusions and depressions (Fig - Fig) labyrinth seal, and dreamlike 3 in the form of a parallelepiped with base in the form of a rectangle or other geometric shapes (figure 3, figure 4, Fig, Fig) with the height of the block is equal to the height of the walls, floor, building, or structure. The width of the block is chosen in the range from minimum to ensure acceptable weight for manual installation, and up to a maximum equal to the size of the wall in mechanized installation. The boards of each layer are placed at an angle to the si unit, and the axis of the boards f-f and g-g (figure 2, figure 4) of adjacent layers are oriented at an angle α to each other, and the boards of each layer and between layers of tightly interconnected with an adhesive or by mechanical means. Layer Board can be attached to each other or connected in the quarter, tongue or pathographies connection (Fig). Then on the ends of the blocks cut the connecting protrusions and depressions (figure 10, Fig). Blocks can optionally be subjected to finishing processing, painted, or covered various paints or synthetic materials. The finished blocks of the first floor attached to the bottom 2 and the average of the 4 crowns and interconnected by means of connection in the form of alternating ridges and troughs labyrinth seal (Fig - Fig). Corner blocks 6, 7, 8, 9 (figure 1) join each other in a stepwise cuts on the ends (Fig), has consistently set the inner wall, connecting them with the paired elements similar to the mounting of external walls, then similarly perform installation following floors. All connection blocks with adjacent elements are permanent through the use of adhesives and/or mechanical means such as screws 10 (Fig - Fig). The blocks perform the cutouts for the Windows 11 and door 12 before or after mounting devalokam on metric grid 13 (Fig), the pre is satisfactory printed on the side of the block paint burning or similar methods, and using a point marking the contours of the window or door on the block.

Board layer 14 block placed at an acute angle to the axis of the block and to the axes of boards in adjacent layers (figure 2, figure 4). Board layer 14 of the block can be laid at right angles to the axis of the block and to the axes of boards in adjacent layers.

Board 14 layers can be oriented along or across the axis of the block.

In blocks with the number of layers is more than four, at least one of its inner layer (7) may be made of woven (textured) 15 material (7) or 16 of heat insulating material (Fig).

Board 14 in the nearby layers of the block with the same arrangement of parallel, boards of one layer is shifted by half the width of the Board in respect of the boards of the other layer to prevent the occurrence of through cracks.

Board 14 block can be snodename, including of scraps.

For construction of internal walls of its vertical ends perform smooth (not shown).

Between the layers of the block can be until it is ready elements of hidroelektromontazas home made with the possibility of joining with similar fittings of the adjacent blocks.

For the manufacture of blocks can be used in templates - master templates, which increases the accuracy and speed of manufacture.

For the manufacture of MeetingPlace and ceilings also use the mentioned drawable.

A comparison of the claimed technical solution to the prior art known from scientific, technical and patent documentation on the priority date, in the main and adjacent sections revealed no means having characteristics identical to all characteristics contained in proposed by the applicant claims, including characterization purposes. I.e. the set of essential features of the claimed solution is not known from the prior art and is not identical with any known technical solutions, therefore, it meets the condition of patentability "novelty".

This solution is capable of industrial application, because the application materials specified its purpose, it can be manufactured in wood processing industry and used in construction and other areas of the economy, workable, feasible and reproducible, and features of the device allow to obtain the desired technical result.

The invention as it is characterized in each of the claims, may be made by using the tools and methods described in patent RU 2144113 that has become publicly available before the priority date of the invention. Analysis of the known technical solutions in the field of technology have shown that the proposed device does not track the t to the expert in the obvious way from the prior art, since not identified solutions that have the signs consistent with the distinctive features of the invention, and is not confirmed by the popularity of the influence of distinctive features provided in the application materials technical result. I.e. the claimed solution has features that are missing in the known technical solutions, and the use of these characteristics in the stated essential features gives you the opportunity to gain new technical result, therefore, the proposed solution can be obtained only by creativity and not obvious to a person skilled in this field, i.e. it has an inventive step compared to the current level of technology.

The manufacture and Assembly of the house is carried out in the following sequence:

- design of blocks by dividing the facade wall of the future building into separate blocks wide, limited weighing of the future block;

- the manufacture of blocks in accordance with a predetermined set load-carrying capacity and thermal conductivity. Depends on the thickness of the block and its width. Height is limited by the height of the floor. The number of layers depends on the required thickness of the block and the thickness of the existing boards;

- installation of lower crown buildings of timber, having the same profile of the ridge, as the groove of the block;

the mounting blocks of the first floor back to back with each other the GU and fixing with glue screws, nails. Use the connection groove-ridge along the entire length of the walls. The walls are provided with vertical angle, which is the actual Squareness junction on the corner blocks and the horizontal lower crown;

- upon completion of the installation of the walls of the units on the crest of the upper ends of the blocks dressed and secured there the beams of the upper crown of the first floor of the building. The timber has a bottom groove, the profile of which corresponds to the crest of the block;

- installation of interior walls of a house made from blocks;

- finally mounted the walls of the second floor on the sample mounting walls of the first floor. Then mounted the crown of the second floor or the roof.

The openings of Windows and doors can be made in advance and to erupt after wall installation in a solid wall in the same way as is done in the building of houses from logs.

Further processing of the walls provides fastening on the outer and inner side walls of the building finishing material, if necessary with the addition of a layer of insulation in the form of synthetic or artificial material, and one or two layers of boards attached in the same way as in block at different angles to the previous layer, Nonbreaking, end-to-end to each other. Under the layers of interior finish can accommodate any communication to the s anywhere in the walls by shtrobleniya blocks.

Bearing capacity of the walls is provided with blocks and does not require any additional frame.

Perhaps the erection of multi-storey buildings.

The use of the method of manufacturing of wooden houses, buildings, structures of devalokam provides an opportunity to improve the quality, reduce Assembly time, reduce labor intensity, reduce the need for lifting mechanisms to lower the cost of the house and its Assembly.

1. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses, buildings, structures of devalokam consists in the fact that made on the Foundation set lower crown, on which are mounted the outer and inner walls of devalokam, then install the middle crown, which is similarly mounted wall next floor, and they fix the upper crown and set the roof, wherein the pre-made wreaths structure having a cross-section in places mates with drawablebase alternating protrusions and depressions labyrinth seal, and dreamlike in the form of a parallelepiped with base in the form of a rectangle or other geometric shape with the height of the block is equal to wall height of the floor of a building or structure, with the width of the block is chosen in the range from minimum to ensure acceptable weight for manual Assembly and to a maximum equal to the size of the wall in mechanized installation, the boards of each layer are placed at an angle to the axis of the block and the axis of the boards adjacent layers oriented at an angle to each other, and the boards of each layer and between layers of tightly interconnected with an adhesive or by mechanical means, then the ends of the blocks are cut corresponding to the connecting protrusions and depressions, perform final machining of the outer surface of the block and its antiseptic coating and painting materials, after which the finished blocks of the first floor attached to the bottom and middle rows and interconnected by means of connection in the form of alternating ridges and troughs labyrinth seal, and corner blocks connect to each other by stepped sections at the ends, has consistently set the inner wall, connecting them with the paired elements similar to the mounting of external walls, then similarly perform installation following floors, all connection blocks with adjacent elements are permanent through the use of adhesives and/or mechanical means, in blocks perform the cutouts for Windows and doors before or after mounting devalokam on the metrical grid is pre-printed on the side of the block or point marking the contours of the window or door on the block.

2. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that on the sky layer unit is placed at an acute angle to the axis of the block and to the axes of boards in adjacent layers.

3. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that the layer Board unit is placed at right angles to the axis of the block and to the axes of boards in adjacent layers.

4. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that Board layers oriented along or across the axis of the block.

5. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that the blocks with the number of layers is more than four, at least one of its inner layers are made of insulating material.

6. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that the boards in the nearby layers of the block with the same location simultaneously, boards of one layer is shifted by half the width of the Board in respect of the boards of another layer.

7. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that the connecting layer Board link in the quarter, tongue or pathographies connection.

8. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, wherein the Board unit perform snodename.

9. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that the construction of the internal walls of its vertical ends perform smooth.

10. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that between adjacent layers of the boards of block place and attach fabric or textured materials.

12. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that for the manufacture of blocks using a master template.

13. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses according to claim 1, characterized in that for the manufacture of floor slabs and ceilings using the above dreamlike.



 

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3 ex

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4 dwg

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