Wig and method of its making

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: wig comprises base and several strands of hair. Wig base has the first main element made of soft elastic artificial leather, and the second main element made of net and placed on rear side of the first main element. Hair is formed by a pair of hairs produced by folding of single hair strand or several hair strands and tied at fold to the second main element. On rear side of the second main element between this side and the first main element there is a hair assembly. A pair of hairs is held in condition, in which it is directed upwards due to pressing of inlet hole arranged in the first main element, through which both parts of specified pair of hairs, which are located at the side of their ends, are pulled at rear side onto surface side. There are three versions of wig making.

EFFECT: invention provides a natural appearance of wig.

8 cl, 16 dwg

 

The scope of the invention

[0001] the Present invention relates to a wig without the so-called "root" of the hair, which is formed when attaching to the base of the wig, which is invisible nodes formed by pinning the hair at the base of the wig by tying knots, and, in particular, given a natural looking hairline and simulates the growth of your own hair from the scalp; the present invention also relates to a method of manufacturing such a wig.

The level of technology

[0002] Typically the wig provides the basis and attached to her hair, natural or artificial.

On Fig schematically shows an exemplary structure of a traditional wig 50, which comprises a base 52 made of thin artificial skin made of soft synthetic resin, such as polyurethane, hair 53 attached to the base 52 and the facing surface side, and the floor 54 of the reverse side, is made on the reverse side of the base 52. Typically, the base 52 is made of a transparent or semi-transparent, soft and ultra-thin thickness of 0.02-0.5 mm and when worn on the head, even if artificial skin visible through the hair attached to the base, it looks like a real scalp.

[0003] an Example of tying hair 53 to the base 52 is pinning the hair on the outer side of the base 52 by the head of the statements of the node (in the drawing not shown).

In this case, wig making the hook after penetration from the surface side of the base 52 on the back again comes out on the surface side near the point of entry on the back side, and the hook extends in the direction of the back side of them geared hair folded in half, folded portion of which appears on the surface in the form of a loop.

Through the loop last two hair pieces that match their free ends, and adhere to the surface of the base 52 to form a unit. Having done this several times, hair tied with a predetermined thickness to the surface of the base 52. However, in this case, since the convex node on the surface side of the base 52 and directly visible through the hair, you can guess that the person is not her hair.

[0004] Therefore, for tying hair 53 to the base 52 is often used, as shown in Fig.9, the so-called V-shaped binding when the hair just 53 pass through the base 52. In the case of a V-shaped binding upon penetration wig making the hook surface side of it (the part goes near the site entrance from the opposite side to the surface side, folded in half hair 53 crochet hook and stretch in the direction of the reverse side with the formation of the "root" part 53A pre-specified the length; on the superficial side again pull only one part of the dual hair. Thus, the dual of hair tied with obtaining V - or U-shaped artificial leather substrate. While the Central part of the hair (called the "root" part) has a length of 0.5-2 mm on the reverse side of the artificial leather base, making more difficult to guess that the visible hair are not your own hair media, because on the surface there is no node.

However, as shown in Fig.9, hair 53 introduced from the surface side of the base 52 in the first place 52a for penetration on the back side, pulled to the surface side in the second place 52b after the formation of the "root" part 53A of the hair length, for example about 0.5 to 2 mm and tied with obtaining V-shaped so that the portion 53A of the hair length of 0.5-2 mm is placed linearly on the reverse side of the base 52. For pulling one hair to the surface side of the wig making use hook with traction force that does not allow for attenuation in this part 53A cuts in the opposite direction of the artificial leather substrate, made of a soft synthetic resin, such as polyurethane.

Thus, as part 53A directly tightly in contact with the reverse side of the base, it is visible as is the turn through ultra slim artificial leather side surface 52 of the wig. In addition, the area between the hair, where is visible only to the scalp, part 53A can be seen through the base in the form of black lines or dots, if your hair is black, so that the artificial skin of head becomes visible.

[0005] in Addition, if the hair only 53 is inserted in a V-shape in the base 52, hair is easily pulled by a finger or when brushing, so put your hair must be securely fixed. Usually for fixing the hair on the back side of the base 52 after V-shaped tying applied adhesive, diluted with an organic solvent to form a polymer coating 54 by applying a specified solution of artificial leather, and then the coating is cured and the part 53A is placed between the base 52 and cover 54 (patents 1 and 2). Thus, the inserted hair 53 is securely attached to the base 52 without the possibility of rotation and stretching.

[0006] on the other hand, in the case of tying hair to the usual grid-based, made essentially from a grid composed on the center of the hair fasten node, for example, bind using knitting needles to the filament, grid component based, but in this case it is necessary hardly to tie a knot to prevent it from loosening. To prevent loosening the knots tied parcels hair sites for example, increase, but this site has a relatively large size, and it is easy to see from the surface side of the grid framework.

[0007]

Patent 1: published by the Japan patent S52-123755A (1977, claims).

Patent 2: Japan patent 3484565.

The invention

Problems that need to be addressed

[0008] the Disadvantage of the traditional V-shaped binding is unnatural color of the surface of the artificial leather substrate, due to the fact that part 53A is visible from outside in the form of lines or dots, which reduces the quality of the wig or throws his presence and degrades the appearance. To prevent the visibility of parts 53A its length can be reduced by the binding, but since it cannot be less than 0.4 mm, especially in the border areas of the hair where the hair is sparse, then use the V-shaped link, which is visible portion 53A, is undesirable.

[0009] it is Also desirable to use a traditional wig with net basis, since the spherical node, it is easy to notice and then discover a wig.

[0010] considering the above-mentioned drawbacks of the present invention is the creation of a wig, in which the "root" part of the tied hair and a convex node is made invisible from the surface side of the Foundation of the wig, which gives a natural look, especially in the field of lean and hair, which simulates the growth of your own hair from the scalp, as well as the development of a method of manufacturing such a wig.

Means to solve this task

[0011] To solve this problem is proposed wig, containing the base wig and attached to her hair, characterized in that the core contains a first basic element and the second basic element made on the reverse side of the first, and the hair is made on the second main element in and out on the surface side of the first core element through him.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention the hair is folded in half with the formation of a double hair attached at the bend to the second main element, and then a couple of dual hair is pulled through the inlet opening in the first main element with the output surface side.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention a pair of twin hair due to compression of the inlet of the first basic element is held essentially vertically and stretched up. Also in the preferred embodiment of the invention the reverse side of the second major element is covered with the fixing hair glue, and attached hair covered it with glue and fixed them. The first basic element is preferably made of artificial cozier basic element can preferably be formed by a mesh, to which may be attached hair.

[0012] In accordance with the above structure of the hair is not attached directly to the first primary element, resulting in imitation of their growth, for example, directly from within artificial leather the first basic element, because they are attached to the second main element on the back side of the first, and the free ends of the hair coming from the second major element, stretched only from the back side surface of the first core element is made on the surface side of the second. Due to this, the hairline looks natural and the appearance is improved.

Also, since the area in which the hair is tied on the back side of the first basic element, only the attached node to the second main element containing, for example, the grid, the "root" part, first performed in the usual binding to the element of artificial leather with obtaining a V-shaped form, is not formed on the first main item. Also, because the hair is not attached to the first primary element "root" part is missing, and the sections of hair that are attached node to the second main element containing a grid located at the bottom, not visible through the first basic element. Therefore, the wig invisible even at the site with PE is Kimi hair, such as hair line, which gives the wig a natural appearance and simulates hair growth from the scalp.

Also, if the first basic element is made of artificial leather, as the hair is attached to the second main element on the back side of the first and held on the surface side of the second core element through the inlet holes of the first basic element, styled hair kept pointing straight up due to compression of the input holes due to the elasticity of the artificial skin, which leads to the optic increase hair volume.

[0013] furthermore, in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention, a method for manufacturing a wig, characterized in that, according to him at the first stage, form the base of the wig with the first basic element and the second basic element is made on the reverse side of the first, second phase, attach the hair to the second main element preferably from the opposite side and then on the third stage of hair attached at the second stage, pulling from the opposite side to the surface side of the first main item.

In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method for manufacturing a wig, characterized in that, according to him at the first stage to form telno the first and second core elements, in the second stage, attach the hair to the second main element preferably from the opposite side, at the third stage the first place the main element on the surface side of the second major element and then on the fourth stage of hair attached at the second stage, pull on the surface side of the first main item.

In the case of placing the first core element on the second element may simply their mutual combination, mutual adhesion after combining, or, for example, stapling their edges with possible subsequent pulling of hair from the opposite side to the surface side of the first main item.

[0014] In accordance with the method of manufacture, since the plot tying hair is not formed on the first element and the second element, located below the first, is not formed the "root" part formed in the case of a direct binding with obtaining V-shaped to normal wig, which used the element of artificial leather. In addition, because the binding site is formed only on the second main item on the reverse side, it is under the first pillar, which does not contact closely, and, thus, is not visible through it. Therefore, the gaps between the tied hair there is tons of natural skin color of the head even in the field of rare hair such as the hairline and in the wig to simulate natural hair growth from the scalp, so you can make a wig with a natural appearance.

[0015] In a preferred variant of this method of manufacture for pulling of the hair attached to the second main element on the surface side of the first basic element, made of artificial leather, enter wig making the hook surface side of the first core element and extend through the inlet. You can choose such places pulling of the hair from the first basic element through the introduction of wig making the hook that they meet the necessary places of the surface of the first core element, and is easy to pull the hair from the site of attachment on the surface side of the first main item.

The result of inventions

[0016] the Present invention can be offered the wig where the hair is attached to the base of the wig, there is no "root" part and parcel of the binding is not visible through the first basic element, making the wig has a natural appearance, it is invisible, which is beneficial to appearance, in addition, a method of manufacturing such a wig.

Also in accordance with the present invention, since the hair is attached to the second bases of the th element, made under the first pillar (on the back), and then stretched up from the first basic element (surface side) when performing the first basic element of artificial leather, styled hair directed straight up due to compression due to the elasticity of the artificial leather of the first main element that leads to a good durability hair, eye to increasing their volume, as well as to simulate natural hair growth from the scalp.

Brief description of drawings

[0017]

Figure 1 schematically depicts a portion of the enlarged section of the proposed design of the wig.

Figure 2 schematically depicts an enlarged top view of the design basis used for a wig shown in figure 1.

Figure 3 represents a section on line a-a in figure 2.

Figure 4 depicts the portion of the enlarged section illustrating the hair attached to the base of the wig and extruded to the surface.

Figure 5 is a section view schematically depicting each successive stage of the method of manufacturing a wig in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention.

6 is a section view schematically depicting each successive stage of the method of manufacturing a wig in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. represents the incision, schematically depicting each successive stage of the method of manufacturing a wig in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention.

Fig is a section view schematically showing an exemplary structure of a traditional wig.

Fig.9 depicts an enlarged section of an example of a method of tying wig shown in Fig.

The best ways of carrying out the invention

[0018] Further described in detail embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

First, a description of the proposed wig with reference to figure 1. Figure 1 schematically depicts a portion of the enlarged section of the proposed design of the wig. The wig 10 includes a base 11 wig, designed to be worn on the user's head, and the hair 12 attached to the base 11 so that they are displayed on its outer side. The base 11 is made in the shape of the head with accounting standard or other size or molded on the head of the user.

[0019] Figure 2 schematically depicts an enlarged top view of the design basis used for a wig shown in figure 1. Figure 3 represents a section on line a-a in figure 2. Figure 4 depicts the portion of the enlarged section illustrating the hair attached to the base of the wig and extruded to the surface.

The base 11 includes, as shown n the figure 1-4, the first major element 14 and the second basic element 15 made on the reverse side (lower side) of the element 14, i.e. the side in contact with the scalp. As element 14 you can use the net, but in this invention it is better to use artificial leather-like scalp. As a material for artificial leather you can use a thin soft synthetic plastic, such as urethane or silicone polymers. Because these substances have a certain elasticity and elongation, when they fit to the head do not cause negative feelings. Element 14 made of artificial leather preferably subjected antillectual treated to eliminate Shine on the surface of the wig 10.

[0020] as element 15 can use artificial leather, but in a preferred embodiment of the present invention to use mesh. As a material for grids with cells, you can use nylon monofilament, woven or associated with pre-defined intervals or performed by the mutual overlap of the main group containing nylon monofilament, located in the longitudinal direction, and weft group containing nylon monofilament, located across the threads of the main group, and the bond of their common points. The grid cell 15 may be times the EP, for example, 30-60 cells per inch, and the size (diameter) filaments constituting element 15 may be, for example, of the order of 80-120 microns (0.08 to 0.12 mm). As an example, it is preferable for such a thin material, such as nylon stockings, have a small cell, low weight and good ventilation.

[0021] the Hair 12 is a natural hair or artificial, made of nylon or polyester, having approximately the same diameter as a human hair is about 40-100 microns. Hair 12 attached to the main and weft threads or the points of their intersection in the grid, serving as item 15.

As shown in figure 4, tying hair 12 to the grid is folded twice in one thread or multiple threads of hair for forming a pair 12A and 12b of the hair 12 and engages in the creases of the special wig making the hook for the formation of the nodes 12 and their fastening element 15 by tying the knot. Pair 12A and 12b attached hair 12 threaded through the element 14 made of artificial leather, located on the surface (upper) side, and stretched from the opposite side to the surface side.

Figure 4 illustrates the position of the attached pair of hair 12A and 12b, obtained from the threads of the hair 12 and attached at the bend to the element 15 by known methods of tying ropes and the like, for example, by tying the cow site, wyble the internal node or direct node or by imposing these nodes to each other.

[0022] Thus, the hair 12 is in direct contact with the reverse side of the element 14 is essentially a hub section 12C bound to the element 15, and if the thread of hair folded in half, length of nodes is equal to the thickness of from 2 to 4 strands of hair.

Therefore, hair diameter of 50 micrometers, the size of the plot 12 in direct contact with the reverse side of the element 14, are not more than 100-400 micrometers, i.e. pin-prick (0.1-0.4 mm). This is only about 1/5 the "root" part of the normal hair wig, having a length of about 0.5-2 mm, so that the section 12 invisible from the outside of the wig 10. In fact, over the node 12C is a pair of hair 12A and 12b, so that it is not visible from above through item 14.

[0023] In a preferred embodiment of the invention the grid is used as the element 15, is made convex, as element 14 in accordance with the shape of the head of the user, in this case, if the hair 12 attached to the element 15, they can be tied with a convex surface or a concave back side. In the first case, the nodes of hair protrude from the surface side and the second reverse.

[0024] If the hair 12 attached on the reverse side of the element 15 and elongated on the surface of the element 14, the nodes 12C affect the scalp and cause discomfort. To address this shortcoming on obratnoystorone element 15 is caused to the lining of the substance, dissolved with an organic solvent. This lining can be closed nodes 12C by applying the solution on the elements 15 and 14 with subsequent curing. Lining 13 may cover element 15 together with the nodes 12C, forming a layered structure, being composed of a material, preferably similar to element 14, for example, from applied, followed by drying over the entire surface of the element 15 a solution of a synthetic polymer having elasticity like rubber.

[0025] As described above, the hair 12 attached to the element 15, are extended on the surface of the element 14 in the form of a pair 12A and 12b.

When extruding enter wig making the hook 16 (as shown in Fig.6) from the surface of the element 14 from faux leather, hook a couple of hair 12A and 12b and pull the hook 16 back, while pulling a couple of hair 12A and 12b through the inlet opening 14a in artificial skin 14, in which was introduced the hook 16. Therefore, since the pair of hair 12A and 12b is drawn up at the same time essentially in a vertical direction through one hole 14a, made in imitation leather item 14 is formed nodes of hair, and on the reverse side are not formed "root" of the hair. This creates a sense of natural growth of two hair from the pores of the human skin. In this regard, provides better is I natural appearance of hair, because usually a person from one pore to grow two to three hair.

[0026] As shown in figure 4, in the manufacture of the element 14 from a soft, stretchy faux leather stretched out a pair of hair 12A and 12b are held securely by the force F of the compression holes 14a, because it narrows in diameter due to the elasticity of soft artificial leather, even if the diameter of the hole 14a formed wig making crochet, relatively large.

Thus, due to the compression of the hole 14a of the element 14 a pair of hair 12A and 12b is held in a state in which it is directed upwards, so tied hair 12 well retain a standing position, and can make for a lush wig with a small amount of hair.

If element 14 used mesh, the holes 14a use her cell, through which insert wig making the hook with the possibility of snagging and pulling up a pair of hair 12A and 12b attached to the second main element. However, since a normal cell, is used as the hole 14a, has no tendency to shrink, extended hair is not well retains its standing position compared to the case when used artificial leather.

[0027] Proposed the wig 10 having the above structure includes a base 11 having, for example, the first basic element 14 of the art the state of the skin and the second basic element 15, for example, from a grid placed on the reverse side of the element 14, which form a layered structure, with hair 12 attached only to the element 15 and is not tied to the element 14 and just stretches from the opposite side to the surface side of the element 14. Due to this, in the base 14 there is no "root" part, formed by tying, and the nodes 12C hair 12 executed element 15, are located under a pair of elongated hair 12A and 12b, so that the surface side of the element 14 can not see them.

Thus, since the pair of hair 12A and 12b are simply withdrawn from the opposite side to the surface side of the element 14 and on the surface of the element 14 are no nodes, and on the reverse side there is no "root" part, the hair 12 attached to the base 11, look as if they grow directly from the element 14, making it seems that the hair 12 themselves grow out of the pores, and the wig 10 is almost invisible.

If element 14 is made of soft supple faux leather, a pair of hair 12A and 12b extending through the opening 14a, firmly held by shrinking the hole 14a. Therefore, each hair 12A and 12b is in a standing position, and stays at its root, which allows us to produce lush wig with a small amount of hair.

[0028] the following description of the method of manufacturing the proposed wig with reference to figure 5-7.

Figure 5 is predstavljaet an incision, consistently depicting each stage of manufacturing a wig in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention. In the first phase, depicted in figure 5(A), a grid of 15 as the second major element is placed near the element 14, is used as the first basic element, and form the basis of the 11 that contains the item 14 and item 15, placed on the opposite side of the element 14. The element 15 may be attached to the element 14, for example, after the formation of each placement element 15 in a certain place on the reverse side of the element 14 and the thin adhesive layer on the entire area for pre-adhesion element 15 or through education of both elements 14 and 15 of the layered structure, followed by suitable means, such as thermal spot welding or sewing in a circle or in the right positions.

The elements 14 and 15 can be made according to the shape of the head with accounting standard or other size or molded on the head of the user. Because the element 15 is located along the concave surface of the rear side of element 14, it preferably has a convex surface that matches the shape of the item 14.

[0029] Further, in the second phase, depicted in figure 5(B), the hair 12 attached to the back side of the framework 11, namely to concave the back side of the element 15. Binding is carried out, for example by removing the back surface and sides of the framework 11, and it is by holding the back side of the element 15 on a positive form 18 for forming shaped head.

When the hair is tied to the elements 14 and 15, a pre-connected together by means of adhesive, as described above, catching strands forming element 15, the hook part 16A wig making the hook 16 and lifting them slightly, partially prepare the chin element 15 element 14 around the previously linked site, because the grip is made weak. After that, the plot element 15 raised from element 14 and a little debonded, as shown in figure 5(C), tied part of the hair 12 using hook 16, the known methods used for tying ropes and the like, for example, by using cow site, aiming node, direct site. For example, after a bend of the hair 12 geared part 16A and wrapped around the threads of the element 15, a couple of hair 12A and 12b pass through the loop bend and stretch, thus forming a node 12C, as shown in the drawing. In order to avoid weakening of the hair can be tied multiple secondary nodes. Thus, the process of associating is performed with a predefined amount of hair all over the field item 15.

[0030] After binding to the element 15, one-third of the m phase, depicted in Fig.6(D), the base 11 turn again and keep on the form 18 in the shape of the head, so that the element 14 is at the top. In this state, the element 15 is located under the element 14, and hair 12 attached to the element 15 is held between the element 15 and form 18. Holding the workpiece thus, in a given 14a element 14 from its surface from top to enter the hook 16.

The hole 14a is formed by the hook 16, is inserted through the element 14, while catching two trains (one pair) 12A and 12b hair 12 part 16A at the end and pulling the hook 16 through the opening 14a, pull a couple of hair 12A and 12b on the surface of the element 14, as shown in Fig.6(E). Because a pair of elongated hair 12A and 12b is held firmly by shrinking the hole 14a in soft elastic element 14, received the hair is in a standing position and pulled up from the roots.

[0031] Thus the hair 12 is tied to the base 11, to which is tied a corresponding amount of hair 12 repeat the above steps. You can repeat this operation, separating properly (several times, for example) all the number of attached hair, tying a pre-determined quantity of hair to the grid element and pulling them to the surface of the item 14.

[0032] After tying the entire amount of the hair 12 to the base 11 in the fourth stage, if necessary, you can apply the lining 13, as shown in Fig.6(F). In this case, after completion of the third phase locking solution, diluted with an organic solvent, the cover element 15 and cause the lining 13 on top of the node 12C by attaching a solution to the elements 15 and 14 and its solidification. The fixing solution can cover element 15 together with the node 12C hair, forming a layered structure, being composed, for example, from a solution of a synthetic polymer having elasticity like rubber, preferably of a material similar to element 14. Thus, since the nodes 12C tied hair 12 is completely closed by the lining 13 and fixed, they do not touch the scalp and do not cause discomfort, so the wig can better to sit on his head.

[0033] the following is a description of the method of manufacturing a wig in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention with reference to Fig.7. As can be seen from Fig.7(A), phase separate production element 14 as a first basic element and the element 15 as the second major element similar to the first stage of the first variant embodiment of the invention.

[0034] In this embodiment, as shown in Fig.7(B) and (C), the hair 12 is tied to the element 15 in the second stage, before the blending element 14 element 15. In this case, the chaining hair mo is et to be output on the surface side of the element 15, i.e. on the convex surface side or on the opposite side, i.e. on the concave back side. Fig.7(B) shows an example of associating with the conclusion of hair on the concave back side. The process of tying element 15 is similar to the first embodiment of the invention, and its explanation is omitted.

[0035] Further, in the third stage, shown in Fig.7(D), the convex surface side of the element 15 with attached hair 12 is placed next to the concave inner side of the element 14 and fixed. For example, the entire concave inner side of the element 14 or on the perimeter of the applied adhesive, and the convex surface side of the element 15 can be placed properly and glued or pre-recorded on the perimeter by means of sewing threads, etc. after the appropriate location. Or elements 15 and 14, placed on the queue on form 18 may be held by the pin or on the perimeter of the adhesive tape, etc.

[0036] Thus, in the fourth stage after fixing on the form 18, as in the first embodiment of the invention, the hook 16 is injected from the surface of the element 14, hook a couple of hair 12A and 12b part 16A at its end and pull the hook 16 through the opening 14a of the element 14, with each hair 12A and 12b is elongated on the surface side of the element 14. Because consequently the efficiency of these processes similar to those shown in Fig.6(D) and (E), see the description of the first variant, these processes for this option is not illustrated.

A pair of elongated hair 12A and 12b is held firmly by compressing holes 14a, made in the element 14, and therefore the hair is in a standing position and pulled up from the roots, as in the above first embodiment of the present invention.

[0037] Thus carry out the binding of the hair 12 to the base 11; repeating the above steps to the base 11 tie appropriate amount of hair 12.

[0038] After binding to the base 11 and the predefined amount of hair 12 in the fifth stage, if necessary, by coating the lining 13 to close nodes 12C element 15, as shown in Fig.6(F) in the first embodiment of the invention, the nodes 12C hair 12 to completely cover the lining and fixed, making the wig may be better to sit on your head without causing discomfort. In the aforementioned method of manufacturing as item 15 is the grid, but you can also use artificial leather.

Example

[0039] In accordance with the first offer was made wig 10.

Using the prepared form, simulating the head of a user of the artificial leather produced element 14, the concave shape of which essentially with the flows with the shape of the user's head, by coating, drying and molding of polyurethane as a thermoplastic polymer with obtaining a pre-defined thickness. After covering the above-mentioned forms, imitating the head mesh and applying the solution of thermosetting polyurethane, diluted with an organic solvent, separately manufactured element 15 as the second basic element by heating to a temperature of about 100C and giving it the shape of the head.

Then the element 14 is turned, stuck to the specified shape and covered twisted element 15. The element 14 caused an organic solvent and has been drying for a given time at a certain temperature, and the element 15 is pre-attached to the element 14, the result that was obtained by the base 11. To facilitate attachment of an organic solvent was applied in a thin layer so that the element 15 after the connection was not fully immersed in item 14.

[0040] In the second stage, tied hair 12 to the element 15 placed in the above form and element 14, which is, and which covers the element 15 (see figure 5(B) and (C)).

Binding was carried out by folding in half on the center of the artificial hair made of 30-cm nylon thread, engage the bend of the hook and screwing it to the threads, for example the holding element 15, for the formation of nodes 12C, and a pair of hair 12A and 12b length of about 15 cm, and the process of binding was repeated to obtain the specified density.

[0041] In the third stage, when the process is finished tying the base 11 was removed from the form, turned so that the element 14 was the top layer, and again put on the form 18. As a result, this form were posted first the hair, then the element 15 and the element 14; then, the surface of the element 14 has entered the hook 16 by performing a hole 14a, caught a couple of hair 12A and 12b hair 12 part 16A at the end and, as shown in Fig.6(E), the portion of the hair which corresponds to the free end of the hair, handed back through the hole 14a and pulled on the surface side of the element 14 (see Fig.6(D) and (E)). Thus, by pulling all the hair 12 attached on the surface side of the element 14 was made wig 10.

[0042] (Comparative example)

Made the traditional wig, having only element 14, no element 12, as the basis, using the same hair and the same number as in example 1, and V-shaped binding.

[0043] Then compared the appearance of the first and second manufactured wigs. In the first case the hair has been tied not to the element of artificial leather, but only to the grid, made on the reverse side of artif the th skin, so was simulated natural growth of two hair of one of the pores of the scalp. In the first wig "root" part of the hair was missing, as was not used V-shaped binding, longitudinal "root" part was not visible through the base, unlike the second wig, making the first wig looked very much like real hair, especially on the hair line, and had a more natural appearance than the second wig.

[0044] the Above embodiments of the present invention that it is not limited, as within the scope of the present invention various modifications are possible. In addition, if necessary, specific numerical values, etc. given in this variant, can be changed accordingly.

1. Wig, containing base and a few strands of hair, characterized in that:
the base of the wig contains the first basic element, made of a soft elastic synthetic leather, and the second basic element, made of mesh and placed on the back side of the first basic element, these hair formed a pair of hair obtained by folding a single thread of hair or a few strands of hair and tied at the bend to the second main element, and on the reverse side of the second major element is made of the hair node and the specified pair of ox is charged with in the state, in whom it is directed upwards, due to the compression of the inlet in the first primary element through which both parts specified pairs of hairs, which are located on the side of its ends are extended from the opposite side to the surface side.

2. The wig according to claim 1, characterized in that:
on the reverse side of the second major element, in addition, applied glue to secure the hair and attached hair covered with the specified adhesive for fixing hair and fixed them.

3. A method of manufacturing a wig, characterized in that, according to him, the first stage is used for the basis of the wig by placing the first basic element, made of a soft elastic synthetic leather, and then the second core element is made of mesh on the back side of the first basic element, at the second stage the specified base wig turn inside out backwards and tie fold a pair of leg hair or a few strands of hair formed by the fold to the opposite side of the second major element, and the third stage after tying hair again turn previously turned the base of the wig form an inlet opening through the introduction of wig making hook surface side of the first basic element is located on the upper surface, and pull a couple in the OS on the surface side of the first basic element is specified through the input hole by introducing a specified wig making the hook on the back side of the second major element and gearing them moreover, the portion of the pair of hair that is on the side of its ends clamped and held in a state in which it is directed upwards, due to the compression of the inlet of the first basic element.

4. A method of manufacturing a wig, characterized in that, according to him, at the first stage separately made the first major element of a soft elastic artificial leather and the second basic element intended for placing on the reverse side of the first basic element, the second phase of the second basic element in turn and bend tie pairs of threads or hair from multiple strands of hair, which is formed by bending in half, to a specified reverse side, at the third stage, turn the second basic element with attached hair on the surface side and place the first basic element, and the fourth step to form an inlet opening through the introduction of wig making the hook from the side surface of the first core element and pull a couple of hair on the surface side of the first basic element is specified through the input hole by introducing a specified wig making the hook on the back side of the second core element with the link and one end of the pair of hair that is on the side of its ends clamped and held in a state in which it is upravlenia up due to compression of the inlet of the first basic element.

5. A method of manufacturing a wig, characterized in that according to him:
at the first stage separately made the first major element of a soft elastic artificial leather and the second basic element intended for placing on the reverse side of the first basic element, and the second cable bend a pair of leg hair or of several strands of hair, which is formed by bending in half, to the surface side of the second major element in the third stage the first place the main element on the second main element that is bound hair, and in the fourth phase to form an inlet opening through the introduction of wig making the hook from the side surface of the first core element and pull a couple of hair, bound to the surface of the second major element and sandwiched between the first main element on the surface side of the first basic element after the specified inlet with mesh and one end of the pair of hair that is on the side of its ends clamped and held in a state in which it is directed upwards, due to the compression of the inlet of the first basic element.

6. The method according to any of PP 5, characterized in that, according to him, on the opposite side of the second major elem the NTA, in addition, put glue for fixing hair, and attached hair covers the specified adhesive for fixing hair and fix them.

7. The method according to any of PP 5, characterized in that according to the second basic element is placed on the reverse side of the first basic element with simultaneous gluing or sewing.

8. The method according to any of PP 5, characterized in that, according to him, for bonding the second major element to the first primary element used preliminary adhesion by coating a thin layer of adhesive.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to glue layer, to wig, where such layer is used, and also to methods of their production. Glue layer is made of polyurethane contact layer made by mixing of two fluids, the main reagent and hardener, besides the main reagent is high-molecular alcohol, and hardener contains polyisocyanate as the main component. At the same time one side of glue layer is glued to wig base by means of chemical reaction to inner side of wig base in process of reaction of gel-formation of glue solution applied on inner side of wig base, and serves for fixation of hair to stick root part of hair inserted with penetration on inner side of wig base. And other side is glued to head skin by means of pressing and performs function of possible further peeling from scalp.

EFFECT: wig containing base made of soft plastic, hair and single glue layer, is light, reliably stuck to scalp, has low prime cost, and may be used repeatedly due to possibility of further peeling of glue layer.

16 cl, 1 ex, 6 dwg

Wig // 2391031

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: wig contains support, which is put on the head, hairs which are connected to the wigs support. Every single hair has two parts, obtained by bending of hair lock in two parts. The mentioned hair lock, before hair fastening, is curled and treated for improving of one of the next features: texture, smoothness and depth of dying. Both of mentioned parts are obtained by bending of hair lock in two parts in one position with providing of curling orientation in the same direction. Bended part of the mentioned hair parts is fastened to the wig support and it's end is directed backwards according to the wig support, so curls of both mentioned hair parts directed backwards after fastening to the wig support.

EFFECT: invention provides long-term retention of waving and obtained hair dressing style.

6 cl, 37 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: artificial hair has structure comprising core part and coating shell part. Core part is made of polyamide, and shell part is made of polyamide, having lower flexural stiffness compared to core part. The second object is provided, i.e. wig, which uses specified artificial hair.

EFFECT: invention provides for production of hair, which are similar to natural hair in its properties and appearance.

16 cl, 24 dwg

Disposable wig // 2339283

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: disposable wig includes base made of very thin sheet, hair segments implanted into base and adhesive layer applied to the bottom side of base. Base thickness is microns order (μ). Adhesive layer is evenly applied to the whole bottom side of base and thick enough to ensure reasonable irregularity with projecting parts and other parts. Projecting parts contact with root parts of implanted hair segments projected from bottom side of base, and are lifted with regard to external side of base when wig is fixed to human skin. Adhesive layer thickness is to 20 times more than base thickness.

EFFECT: easy in use and imitation of natural hair.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: method of work piece production from natural hair to be used in wig items includes operations associated with mixing of different colour hair, treatment, ripping at card and sorting out by length. Hair of different length is mixed simultaneously with hair of different colour forming hair bundle of no more than 160 g weight. For disinfection purposes hair bundle is treated simultaneously with rippling at card by means of kerosene and hair oil mixture. Rippled hair is taken into bundle allocating short hair into centre and leaving long hair from the outside. Bundle is tied up in the middle part, and by means of at least one card it is pulled out to produce one-side balanced tail. Then tail is laid and small tails with no more than 55 g weight and length difference of no more than 5 cm are produced by contracting. After that tails are washed for complete closing of flakes and repeatedly disinfected. Tails are checked for inverted elements and inverted hair is removed. Work pieces with weight of no more than 30 g are formed. Starting from the heads, they are moisturised and fasten together at a distance of no more than 2.7 cm from the edge.

EFFECT: production of more qualitative wig items with smoothness and brilliance effect.

4 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: hair transplantation method implies stretching of substrate made of elastic material, taking of middle part of hair piece by needles imposed to make reciprocal movement to form curve of the said middle part. The curve is left on one side of the substrate and than affixed to this side using the first binding layer. A couple of long sections of hair from the opposite curve ends are passed through the holes formed in the result of needling when they were elevated, to the other side of the substrate. After transplantation of given amount of hair sections, stretching of the substrate is stopped or released to ensure substrate shrinkage due to its elasticity and thus, reduction of holes' diameter. Then the second binding layer is applied on the entire first side of the substrate to affix it to skin integument of human body. There is a device to implement the said method and a product with transplanted hair.

EFFECT: development of efficient method of hair transplantation.

22 cl, 36 dwg

FIELD: manufacture of partial or full wigs or hair prostheses for replacing lacking hairs in problematic head zones.

SUBSTANCE: hair prosthesis has forehead part made from flexible material of desired contour and strips having front and rear faces approaching each other in back region of the head for forming strips of restricting contour and strips defining contour. Prosthesis base is made from material having smooth sliding surface with successively applied impregnation layers of gluing substance, and consists of strips overlapping each other along arc of the circle and provided with margins. Said strips are made from glued material defining three-dimensional spherical shape of base with forehead part and part of back of the head and including strips of restricting contour, contour forming strips, and strip of back of the head. Front faces of strips are tightened over front surfaces of forehead part, for example, along share restricting thread of material. All overlapped portions of strips are secured to each other by, for example, stitches. Parts of strips in left and right temple regions of each strip are fixed by, for example, gluing-through in back region of the head of base. Hair prosthesis is adapted for constant wearing without necessity of removal said wig from head for night.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified structure of hair prosthesis.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: wig manufacture.

SUBSTANCE: automated apparatus for transplanting of hair has means for feeding of artificial hairs to base surface and needle adapted for reciprocation in direction perpendicular to surface of base for puncturing of stretched base and pulling of artificial hair from reverse surface of base. Apparatus has conveyor table designed for placement of base and positioned for moving in directions perpendicular to one another, and tension relieving means for relieving of base from its stretched state. Described in Specification is method for manufacture of wig.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved quality of wigs.

19 cl, 53 dwg

The invention relates to artificial hair restorer, the device for restoring hair and method of restoring hair

FIELD: wig manufacture.

SUBSTANCE: automated apparatus for transplanting of hair has means for feeding of artificial hairs to base surface and needle adapted for reciprocation in direction perpendicular to surface of base for puncturing of stretched base and pulling of artificial hair from reverse surface of base. Apparatus has conveyor table designed for placement of base and positioned for moving in directions perpendicular to one another, and tension relieving means for relieving of base from its stretched state. Described in Specification is method for manufacture of wig.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and improved quality of wigs.

19 cl, 53 dwg

FIELD: manufacture of partial or full wigs or hair prostheses for replacing lacking hairs in problematic head zones.

SUBSTANCE: hair prosthesis has forehead part made from flexible material of desired contour and strips having front and rear faces approaching each other in back region of the head for forming strips of restricting contour and strips defining contour. Prosthesis base is made from material having smooth sliding surface with successively applied impregnation layers of gluing substance, and consists of strips overlapping each other along arc of the circle and provided with margins. Said strips are made from glued material defining three-dimensional spherical shape of base with forehead part and part of back of the head and including strips of restricting contour, contour forming strips, and strip of back of the head. Front faces of strips are tightened over front surfaces of forehead part, for example, along share restricting thread of material. All overlapped portions of strips are secured to each other by, for example, stitches. Parts of strips in left and right temple regions of each strip are fixed by, for example, gluing-through in back region of the head of base. Hair prosthesis is adapted for constant wearing without necessity of removal said wig from head for night.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified structure of hair prosthesis.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: hair transplantation method implies stretching of substrate made of elastic material, taking of middle part of hair piece by needles imposed to make reciprocal movement to form curve of the said middle part. The curve is left on one side of the substrate and than affixed to this side using the first binding layer. A couple of long sections of hair from the opposite curve ends are passed through the holes formed in the result of needling when they were elevated, to the other side of the substrate. After transplantation of given amount of hair sections, stretching of the substrate is stopped or released to ensure substrate shrinkage due to its elasticity and thus, reduction of holes' diameter. Then the second binding layer is applied on the entire first side of the substrate to affix it to skin integument of human body. There is a device to implement the said method and a product with transplanted hair.

EFFECT: development of efficient method of hair transplantation.

22 cl, 36 dwg

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: method of work piece production from natural hair to be used in wig items includes operations associated with mixing of different colour hair, treatment, ripping at card and sorting out by length. Hair of different length is mixed simultaneously with hair of different colour forming hair bundle of no more than 160 g weight. For disinfection purposes hair bundle is treated simultaneously with rippling at card by means of kerosene and hair oil mixture. Rippled hair is taken into bundle allocating short hair into centre and leaving long hair from the outside. Bundle is tied up in the middle part, and by means of at least one card it is pulled out to produce one-side balanced tail. Then tail is laid and small tails with no more than 55 g weight and length difference of no more than 5 cm are produced by contracting. After that tails are washed for complete closing of flakes and repeatedly disinfected. Tails are checked for inverted elements and inverted hair is removed. Work pieces with weight of no more than 30 g are formed. Starting from the heads, they are moisturised and fasten together at a distance of no more than 2.7 cm from the edge.

EFFECT: production of more qualitative wig items with smoothness and brilliance effect.

4 cl

Disposable wig // 2339283

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: disposable wig includes base made of very thin sheet, hair segments implanted into base and adhesive layer applied to the bottom side of base. Base thickness is microns order (μ). Adhesive layer is evenly applied to the whole bottom side of base and thick enough to ensure reasonable irregularity with projecting parts and other parts. Projecting parts contact with root parts of implanted hair segments projected from bottom side of base, and are lifted with regard to external side of base when wig is fixed to human skin. Adhesive layer thickness is to 20 times more than base thickness.

EFFECT: easy in use and imitation of natural hair.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: artificial hair has structure comprising core part and coating shell part. Core part is made of polyamide, and shell part is made of polyamide, having lower flexural stiffness compared to core part. The second object is provided, i.e. wig, which uses specified artificial hair.

EFFECT: invention provides for production of hair, which are similar to natural hair in its properties and appearance.

16 cl, 24 dwg

Wig // 2391031

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: wig contains support, which is put on the head, hairs which are connected to the wigs support. Every single hair has two parts, obtained by bending of hair lock in two parts. The mentioned hair lock, before hair fastening, is curled and treated for improving of one of the next features: texture, smoothness and depth of dying. Both of mentioned parts are obtained by bending of hair lock in two parts in one position with providing of curling orientation in the same direction. Bended part of the mentioned hair parts is fastened to the wig support and it's end is directed backwards according to the wig support, so curls of both mentioned hair parts directed backwards after fastening to the wig support.

EFFECT: invention provides long-term retention of waving and obtained hair dressing style.

6 cl, 37 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to glue layer, to wig, where such layer is used, and also to methods of their production. Glue layer is made of polyurethane contact layer made by mixing of two fluids, the main reagent and hardener, besides the main reagent is high-molecular alcohol, and hardener contains polyisocyanate as the main component. At the same time one side of glue layer is glued to wig base by means of chemical reaction to inner side of wig base in process of reaction of gel-formation of glue solution applied on inner side of wig base, and serves for fixation of hair to stick root part of hair inserted with penetration on inner side of wig base. And other side is glued to head skin by means of pressing and performs function of possible further peeling from scalp.

EFFECT: wig containing base made of soft plastic, hair and single glue layer, is light, reliably stuck to scalp, has low prime cost, and may be used repeatedly due to possibility of further peeling of glue layer.

16 cl, 1 ex, 6 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: wig comprises base and several strands of hair. Wig base has the first main element made of soft elastic artificial leather, and the second main element made of net and placed on rear side of the first main element. Hair is formed by a pair of hairs produced by folding of single hair strand or several hair strands and tied at fold to the second main element. On rear side of the second main element between this side and the first main element there is a hair assembly. A pair of hairs is held in condition, in which it is directed upwards due to pressing of inlet hole arranged in the first main element, through which both parts of specified pair of hairs, which are located at the side of their ends, are pulled at rear side onto surface side. There are three versions of wig making.

EFFECT: invention provides a natural appearance of wig.

8 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: wig contains base and short and long hair attached to it, having various diametres of curl and being arranged in a certain area, where distribution of hair density is specified as short and long hair is attached to wig base. Short and long hair is controlled, being attached with specified density in a certain area, where short hair is controlled according to configuration of distribution, so that it makes 20-50% of total amount of hair attached to mentioned base of wig. Method of wig making is provided.

EFFECT: effect of voluminous hairdo with small amount of hair.

19 cl, 11 dwg

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