Erection method of timber houses, constructions, structures

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structure erection starts with angle fixation. Angular spring fastening unit is installed into mount seat drilled coaxially to axis of angular joint of walls, is screwed until threaded part comes out of upper part and enters lower part. Upper and lower parts are tightened to fully compress spring, until gap is eliminated in rim mount seat, while part of one wall is pressed between two parts of other wall. After another parts are installed onto both walls, mount holes are drilled in each of them, shifting axis of the latter from axial line of building walls angular joint along length of each part to place displaced fastening units, which connect another pair of parts of a single wall.

EFFECT: invention eliminates linear deformations of building parts and reduced cracking in parts, less slots and gaps between them for the whole term of building operation.

7 cl, 3 dwg

 

The method of manufacturing of wooden houses, buildings, structures relates to the field of construction, and can be used in the manufacture of the individual blocks of wood in the construction of shrubovych houses and other buildings.

There are several ways of fastening wooden parts with slots and studs, metal studs and buckles, pins, hairpin, in which the structure remains in a free state, moreover, because in the future all kinds of deformation of the wood. For example, pins and studs become absolutely useless, hanging freely in the technological holes, which does not allow to start decorating outside, insulation between logs seams, painting, interior carpentry work in the next 2 years and even further, for another 2...3 years design will survive all sorts of strains, creating new cracks and destroying insulated interfering seams.

There is a method of fixing the walls of wooden houses from panels, patent 2135708 "Wooden structure is made of prefabricated panels, dated 24.02.1998, published 27.08.1999, IPC 6 E04B 1/10. The method includes the bond between panels with slots and studs, are made at the ends of the panels, and metal rods placed in holes with a diameter of 3 mm, and ties.

With this method of fastening is created weak articulation angle with egov due to cut grooves in the bars, which leads to the reduction of the strength and durability of the structure. Weak transverse (vertical) the rods in the holes and the absence of elastic elements does not ensure elimination of gaps in the shrinkage bars.

The well-known "Method of manufacturing of wooden houses, buildings, structures" in patent RU 2250312, 09.10.2002, published 20.04.2005, IPC 7 E04B 1/10.

The method includes drilling a transverse hole boards or logs, or other mix, threading bars, or logs, or other gauge steel cross ties, pressing nuts on these ties. The boards or logs, or other mix in the Assembly of wall slip on two or more relative to the previous bars, or logs, or other sizes with the formation of projections and depressions. Between bars, or logs, or other gauge put glue. In the slots establish longitudinal screed and each of them, in which both ends do not extend to the ends of the walls, combined with one of the cross ties. Wall set on the Foundation. All walls, including intermediate walls and partitions, connect, seal joints, and the protrusions of one wall combined with the depressions of the other wall. The nodes of the house, every wall, blocks short of the longitudinal tie-rods and nuts to each other. Through the tabs joined walls missing crossties, nuts through elastic elements podimata joints with effort. On the brackets, threaded holes on the crossties, through the slots of the fixed panel, floor, ceiling, roof, joists which carry the vertical hole of the screed and the floor and the arms have to support beams or logs, or other gauge. The connection of the walls to the Foundation, floors, ceiling, roof performed through elastic elements transverse ties or nuts that have the ability to move in the slots when the drying or wetting of wood.

The closest in technical essence is "the Way of the walls of prefabricated timber or beam homes and team wall" in patent RU 2044842 from 27.09.1995 published 27.09.1995, IPC6E04B 2/00, E04C 2/12., consisting in the performance of timber or logs of two lengths, stacked on each other alternately, drilling them through the transverse holes and tightening them screw connection in the form of a rod, one end of which there is a persistent element in the form of the heel, and on the other thread, which is screwed a coupling nut with a washer.

However, this method does not provide a stable sealing walls and corner mate because of the need for periodic calibration tightening the clamping nuts threaded connections during operation of the structure, since the uneven bars during shrinkage and hydration differently change their sizes by a wide margin, arachnia dimensions of the beams are reduced and the automatic preload ties excluded, it is difficult to perform the installation of the walls with coupling of a large number of projections and depressions formed by the bars.

The objective of the proposed technical solution is the creation of a method that provides easy Assembly of the parts of wooden structures, including those having various defects such as linear deformations, and provides constantly forced shrinkage of the structure, excluding linear deformation of parts' wood structures during shrinkage, providing a close fitting of the parts during operation of the structure due to the high constant load, the mounting hub at the points of installation.

The task is solved by the method of manufacturing of wooden houses, buildings, structures, in which the wooden parts, the top, drill seat, set him in the mounting site and pull together the details, characterized in that the fabrication of the structure begin with fastening angle, fasten the wooden parts of the spring fixing node, set the angular spring mounting site in the slot, drilled coaxially to the axis of the gusset walls of the structure, screw it to the output of the threaded part of the upper part of the structure and occurrence in the lower part of the structure, tighten the upper and lower parts to the full compression of the springs is, to eliminate the gap in interfering with the seat, clamping when this item one wall between the two parts of the other wall; after installation on one and the other wall of the next parts, drill each seat, shifting the axis of the latter from the centerline of the gusset walls of the structure, the length of each part to 200 mm, to accommodate the offset mounting of the nodes that connect the next couple of parts of one wall; install corner fasteners and offset fasteners on the following crowns structure, in a checkerboard pattern; after fastening angle other spring fasteners distributed along the length of the part with step from 900 to 1300 mm for the detail sections from 180 to 240 mm; diameters of more than 240 mm depth of drilling is 80...100 mm; diameter logs from 180 to 240 mm depth of drilling is 60...70 mm; the cross-sections over the above step is installation of the spring mounting of nodes is reduced to 1000 mm

Fastening wooden parts, a spring mounting site with thread allows easy Assembly of the parts, without pre-boring holes for the threaded part, including having various defects, such as linear deformation, spiral, arc, and also allows the building to enter the normal operating state is much faster and better, h is m in the Assembly on any other technology.

The bond angle formed by wooden parts, a spring fixing nodes, the installation angle of the spring mounting site coaxially to the axis of the gusset walls of the structure, and the placement of the offset mounting of the nodes in the next parts installed on one and the other wall offset from the centerline of the gusset walls of the structure, the length of each part to 200 mm, provides a reliable bond to the corner of the building, without placing all of the fixing nodes along the axis of the gusset walls of the structure, and provides constant-force, high-quality shrinkage of the structure, thus reducing the formation of cracks in parts,

The establishment of a corner fastening knots and shifted nodes in the following crowns structure staggered leads to the distribution of the tightening efforts by the length of the parts, provides a more reliable bond angle formed structure, eliminates the linear deformation of parts of the building, cracks and gaps between them during the whole operation.

The essence of the proposed solution is illustrated by drawings, where:

Figure 1 - spring mounting Assembly;

Figure 2 - spring mounting site in a working state;

Figure 3 - scheme of installation of the spring mounting site on the crowns.

In figure 1, 2, 3 shows the fixing node 1, the head with the faces 2, upper thrust element 3, spring 4, n the life of the thrust element 5, cylindrical rod 6, the smooth portion of the rod 7, the threaded portion 8 of the rod, the tapered portion of the rod 9, the upper part (log, timber) 10 structure, the lower part (beam, beam) 11 structure, interfering with the seat 12, the centerline 13 of the gusset walls, the axial line 14 offset mounting of the nodes, the corner 15 of the fixing node, offset 16 of the mounting hub, the seat 17 of the fixing node.

The method is as follows.

For Assembly of the structure counting the number of the fixing node 1. When the distribution of the required number of nodes take into account the diameter of the beams, the cross section of the beam.

Manufacturing buildings start with a bonding angle. Impose on each other, the lower part 11 of one of the walls of buildings, on top of her, angled impose detail other wall structure and the top place their interfering with a mounting seat 12 of the upper part 10 of the first wall structure.

In the upper part 10 formed of angle structure of the drill seat 17 for the corner 15 of the fixing node 1 coaxially to the axis 13 of the gusset walls of the structure. The depth of drilling depends on the size of the cross section of log, timber. When the diameter of the logs from 180 to 240 mm depth of drilling is 60...70 mm With diameters of more than 240 mm depth of drilling is 80...100 mm

Set the first corner 15 spring mounting node1 received in the seat 17 and, without pre-boring holes for the threaded part, screw it to the output of the threaded part 8 of the upper part of the structure 10 and entering the lower part 11 of the structure, tighten the upper and lower parts to the full compression of the spring, to eliminate the gap in interfering with the seat 12, the clamping this item one wall between the two parts of the other wall.

Then set to one and the other wall on the next part and to provide a more reliable bonding of the formed corner of the building and explode tightening efforts by the length of the wall drill in every detail of seat 17 for the offset 16 of the fixing units, the axis 14 which move along the length of the first and second parts up to 200 mm from the centerline 13 of the gusset walls of the structure (figure 3). Offset 16 fasteners connecting each of the next few parts of the wall.

Next, the Assembly of the structure continue in the same order. Form a corner connection of the next parts, the upper part 10 of the drill seat 17 for the corner 15 of the fixing node 1 coaxially to the axis 13 of the gusset walls of the structure, and so forth.

Install corner 15 fasteners and offset 16 nodes in the following crowns structure in a checkerboard pattern, combining the axes of all of the corner nodes with a centerline 13 of the gusset walls (figure 3) and shifting axis offset 16 from the catch to a distance of 200 mm from the centerline 13 of the gusset walls.

After fastening angle other fasteners distributed along the length of the log or cant in increments of from 900 to 1300 mm (diameter logs, cross sections of the beam from 180 to 240 mm). When the diameters of the cross sections over the above step unit installation 1 cut up to 1000 mm

Spring fixing node 1 provides a constant load on the workpiece at the point of installation at full spring compression to 95 kgs, do not require periodic tightening of the fixing nodes in the operation of buildings.

If we consider that the beam, the beam is the most common length of a structure of 5500 mm, set of 4 knots, the total permanent force with which the springs draw the parts to each other, equal to 380 kg. Spring fasteners absorb the forces arising detail every second, thereby maintaining the integrity of the structure.

Comparative climatic test structures, collected by different technologies, showed that the structures collected by the proposed method, with the use of an experimental batch of spring mounting sites, you can immediately and not after 2 to 3 years, after shrinkage, to start the internal and external finishing works. Spring fasteners absorb the forces arising detail every second, thus preserving the integrity of the structure.

The technical effect of fastening wooden parts, a spring mounting site, with ease of Assembly parts, provides the t constant-force, qualitative shrinkage of the structure, excluding linear deformation of parts of the structure, thus reducing the formation of cracks in parts, cracks and gaps between them during the entire operation of the building, due chess location corner and spring biased mounting of the nodes in the manufacture of the gusset structure, the angular setting of the spring mounting of the node in the slot, drilled coaxially to the axis of the gusset walls of the structure, and the offset axis to 200 mm offset mounting of the nodes that connect the next couple of parts of one wall, from the centerline of the gusset walls of the structure, the length of each part.

1. The method of manufacturing of wooden houses, buildings, constructions of parts, in which the wooden parts, the top, drill seat, set him in the mounting site and pull together the details, characterized in that the fabrication of the structure begin with fastening angle, fasten the wooden parts of the spring fixing node, set the angular spring mounting site in the slot, drilled coaxially to the axis of the gusset walls of the structure, screw it to the output of the threaded part of the upper part of the structure and occurrence in the lower part of the structure, tighten the upper and lower parts to the full compression of the spring, to eliminate the gap in livecouponcodes.com location clamping this item one wall between the two parts of the other wall; after installation on one and the other wall of the next drill parts in each seat, shifting the axis of the latter from the centerline of the gusset walls of the structure along the length of each part to accommodate the offset mounting of the nodes that connect the next couple of parts of one wall.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the axis of the offset mounting of nodes offset from the centerline of the gusset walls of the structure along the length of each part up to 200 mm

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the set angle fasteners and offset fasteners on the following crowns structure in a checkerboard pattern.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that after fastening angle other spring fasteners distributed along the length of the component increments from 900 to 1300 mm for the detail sections from 180 to 240 mm

5. The method according to claims 1, 4, characterized in that when the sections more than the above in claim 4, the step of installing the spring mounting of nodes is reduced to 1000 mm

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the diameter of the logs from 180 to 240 mm depth of drilling is 6070 mm

7. The method according to claims 1, 6, characterized in that when the diameters of more than 240 mm depth of drilling is 80100 mm



 

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