Sea ice buoy

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment intended for buoyage of the waterway and prevention of navigation threats in autumn-winter and spring periods. Sea buoy comprises streamline body divided by watertight baffles into compartments, LED optical hardware arranged in buoy head part, stabilizing ballast secured on buoy tail and self-contained power supply arranged in buoy body tail compartment. Self-contained power supply represents inertial power producing unit arranged inside buoy body. Said power plant comprises capacitative molecular electric power accumulator (two-layer capacitor), accumulator charging device comprising DC generator, voltage relay-generator with its rotor rigidly jointed with turbine blade (for example, Wells turbine), turbine wheel drive, cylindrical air chamber rigidly secured to tail compartment upper bulkhead. Said air chamber accommodates inertial piston rigidly connected by spring dampers to air chamber top and bottom. Said dampers have hole to receive two air tubes for compressed air to pass from air chamber to turbine wheel blades.

EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life, simplified operation.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to floating facilities navigational AIDS to marine buoy ice, intended for the protection of the fairways and a separate navigational hazard to waters covered by ice during the autumn, winter and spring periods.

Known buoys for various purposes, including sea ice buoys held in a predetermined place of the water area with the help of anchor devices (see author's certificate№114241, 156857, 157230, 195914, 592663 in class. VV 21/52, 586533 on CL 321; U.S. patent No. 3794907, 3818312; patent of great Britain No. 1357427, 1368202 for class 1; patents France No. 2193284, 2215743 for 1974 to class. NOM 7/52-1).

The closest in purpose and essential features of the claimed invention is a navigation buoy, described in the copyright certificate №114241 with streamlined (cigar-shaped) sealed enclosure, separated by watertight bulkheads divide into compartments, optical equipment, located in the head part of the body of the buoy, a stabilizing ballast (weight weight)attached to the shank of the buoy, independent power supplies optical equipment buoy placed in the lower tail section of the body of the buoy, which represents the chemical sources of direct current (galvanic cells of the battery or batteries), the mechanism of activation of this power source is and the discharge to the optical apparatus buoy.

The disadvantage of this type of sea ice buoy is that in its operation it is necessary to periodically replace the electrochemical power supplies, as they are sources of one-time actions that cannot be recharged, which significantly reduces the operating efficiency of sea ice buoy. Replacement power sources of sea ice buoy is currently in the places of use of the buoy, which, in turn, is associated with the release of the ship hydrographic service for the production of these works, which are time-consuming due to the necessity of lifting the buoy on the deck of the ship, replacement or recharging of the power sources and the placement of the buoy at the same place, then you need to check the coordinates of the performances of the buoy, its light characteristics, which in turn leads to a considerable waste of time and life support ship, especially in remote areas and in adverse weather conditions.

Also known energy installation buoys for various purposes, containing electrolyte battery, the alternator, the mechanism of rotation of the rotor of the generator, wind power and ocean waves (see "Notes on hydrography No. 203 "Wave power plant", 1979, p.52-54; patent RU-2078249 "Wave energy is set", 1993; copyright certificate №705600 for 1979 to class. 502, 7/32 stranded, NOT 3/53; U.S. patent No. 393801 g, 1976, CL 320-1; UK patent No. 1448053 for 1976 to class. NN; patents France No. 290774 for 1976 to class. HO2J 7/32 stranded; Japan patent No. 511019, 51-3054 for 1976 to class. 5057D1; the Federal Republic of Germany patent No. 2605569 for 1976 to class. HO2J 7/32 stranded).

The disadvantage of these known power plants is that when using the mechanism of rotation of the rotor of the electric generator is mounted on the outer side of the sealed enclosure of the sea buoy to use the energy of the environment.

This circumstance leads to the low reliability of the buoy in ice conditions, because when you slip ice fields buoy under the ice and is experiencing significant shock loads that can damage the exterior elements of the power plant.

The aim of the present invention is to substantially increase the reliability and durability of operation and ease of maintenance of the sea-ice buoy in difficult conditions, giving in General a sharp reduction in financial costs for its operation.

This goal is achieved by the fact that sea ice buoy having streamlined (cigar-shaped) sealed enclosure, separated by watertight bulkheads divide into compartments, optical equipment on the LEDs located to the head part of the body of the buoy, stabilizing ballast (weight weight)attached to the shank of the buoy, the mechanism of activation of this power supply optical instrumentation buoy ice, while the output of this Autonomous power supply source is connected via this mechanism with the input optical apparatus and is supplied as a stand-alone power supply optical apparatus Autonomous inertial piston aircraft power plant inside in a given compartment of the ice buoy containing capacitive molecular energy storage unit (Dolnoslaskie capacitor), the charging device of this drive, located inside a given compartment of the ice buoy containing a DC generator relay-voltage regulator, rotor which is rigidly connected with the entered an air turbine, such as turbine wells, the mechanism of rotation of the bladed turbine wheel wells containing air in the hermetic container, for example, an elongated cylindrical shape, located vertically in a given compartment of the ice buoy, a housing which is rigidly fixed to the inner wall of the specified compartments buoy ice.

Within this capacity is introduced inertial piston having a certain mass and attached top and bottom to the inner housing is acceptable capacitance introduced spring shock absorbers. In the lower and upper parts of this capacity in specified places are formed two holes of a certain diameter, to which is attached rigidly and hermetically introduced two air pipes, the location of which provides movement of the jet of compressed air to the blades of the turbine wheel wells, caused by movement of the inertia of the piston up and down by moving ice buoy vertically up and down under the influence of fluctuations on the water, caused by the excitement and tidal wetlands otlivnye-level fluctuations.

The principle of inertial piston wave power plant based on the oscillation of the inertial piston with spring shock absorbers, introduced into the air cell, caused by vertical displacements of the sea ice buoy under the influence of the oscillatory movements of the waves. Fluctuations in the inertial piston up and down inside the air chamber supply of compressed air vozduhovodnom tubes, hermetically attached to the holes of the air chamber, the impeller blades of the turbine wells, rigidly connected with the rotor of the DC generator, which incorporates the relay-voltage regulator. After the generator will develop a voltage greater than the internal voltage of energy storage, will begin the process of energy accumulation nakopitel. After a full charge of energy storage, relay-voltage regulator switches the generator on the circuit connection mechanism optical equipment. In the absence of the sea and, as a consequence, work stoppage charger, power light optical equipment directly from the energy storage device.

The proposed solution is new as from publicly available information sources not identified sea ice buoy, provided as a stand-alone power supply optical equipment, announced the inertial piston wave power plant, located inside the sealed enclosure of the buoy.

The proposed solution involves an inventive step, because of the published scientific data and known technical solution is not obvious that the alleged distinctive technical features of sea ice buoy when it is used can significantly improve the reliability, durability and greatly simplify the process of exploitation of the sea-ice buoy.

The proposed solution is industrially applicable, as to its implementation can be used with standard tools, navigation equipment, standard equipment and accessories for mo is ernestii these tools.

An example implementation

The drawing shows a view of the declared sea ice buoy location inside its housing offer of technical means and their structural connection.

Sea ice buoy has streamlined (cigar-shaped) sealed enclosure 1, separated by watertight bulkheads divide 2 into compartments, the lower tail section 3 ballast 4, the ring 5 for fastening anchor chain 6, the optical emitter 7 with a protective cap 8, the connection mechanism optical apparatus 9, the inertial piston wave power plant, located in the tail section 3, consisting of molecular capacitive energy storage 10, a charging device, the drive comprising a direct current generator 11 relay-voltage regulator 12, the impeller of the air turbine wells 13, rigidly connected to the anchor generator 11, an air chamber 14 has a cylindrical shape, located vertically and rigidly fixed to the upper bulkhead of the tail compartment 3. Inside the air chamber 14 is introduced inertial piston 15 with a given mass, which is rigidly attached to the upper and lower parts of the air chamber 14 of the spring dampers 16. In the top and bottom of air chamber 14 has openings 17, which is sealed two vostokovedenie tube 18, R is the original memory location which provides the passage of compressed air from the air chamber 14 to the blades of the impeller of the turbine wells 13, due to the oscillatory movements up and down the inertia of the piston 15, which in turn are caused by vertical displacements of the sea ice buoy in the waves.

Work power plant sea ice buoy is as follows. Sea ice buoy having a streamlined (cigar-shaped) shape and positive buoyancy, under the influence of the ballast 4, mounted on the shank of the buoy 3, takes a vertical position and maintain the necessary stability in the place of production of marine waters. Due to the agitation of the water surface appear vertical oscillatory movements of the buoy, causing oscillating movement up and down the inertia of the piston 15, is introduced into the air chamber 14, causing the compressed air from the air chamber 14 through the openings 17 to vozduhovodnom tube 18 is supplied to the impeller blades of the turbine wells 13 and starts to rotate in a constant direction of the impeller 13 is rigidly bonded with him rotor of the generator 11, which produces a constant electric current flowing through the relay-voltage regulator 12 in molecular capacitive energy storage device 10. Electrical communications 19 current supplied to the connection mechanism optical apparatus 9, which in turn causes the illumination light emitter 7. About the ESS energy storage begins after as the generator 11 will develop a voltage greater than the internal voltage of the energy storage device 10, and after a full charge relay-voltage regulator 12 will switch the generator 11 at the circuit 19 of the connection mechanism optical equipment 9.

Capacitive molecular energy storage device 10 is superaccurate new generation on the basis of Dolnoslaskie capacitor (see the materials of the Russian Competition of innovative projects, Moscow, 2001/2008, and has superior specifications compared to existing chemical current sources, namely:

- high power density 10-30 kW / kg;

- light weight (battery weight of 1 kg has a capacity of 150 a/h);

- operating voltage 12V;

- environmental safety;

- resistance to mechanical influences;

- tightness;

- a repetition of digits in the short circuit mode;

full discharge;

- the possibility of an accelerated charge;

- low cost of production (2-5 times lower than traditional);

- working temperature range -45°to+85°C

- the life of 8-10 years.

Technical and economic efficiency of the claimed device is in a significant increase reliability, durability and simplifying the process of exploitation of the sea-ice buoy and thus significant) the conversion of the financial cost of its maintenance, which is ensured by the proposed distinguishing technical features of the claimed invention because it eliminates the need for periodic outputs hydrographic ship to the place of production of marine buoy ice for replacement or recharging of the power source, and location of all structural elements within the sealed enclosure will provide trouble-free operation of the buoy in difficult ice conditions.

Sea ice buoy containing streamlined (cigar-shaped) sealed enclosure, separated by watertight bulkheads divide into compartments, optical equipment on the LEDs located in the head part of the body of the buoy, a stabilizing ballast (weight weight)attached to the shank of the buoy, independent power supplies optical equipment, placed in the tail section of the body of the buoy, the connection mechanism of this Autonomous power supply source to the optical apparatus, and the output of this Autonomous power supply source is connected via this mechanism with the input optical apparatus, characterized in that it is equipped as a stand-alone power supply optical apparatus Autonomous inertial piston aircraft power plant, placed inside in a given compartment of the ice buoy containing the second capacitive molecular energy storage unit (Dolnoslaskie capacitor), charging the device is the drive located inside a given compartment of the ice buoy containing a DC generator with the input of the relay control its voltage, the rotor of which is rigidly connected with the introduced air turbine, such as turbine wells, the mechanism of rotation of the bladed turbine wheel wells containing air in the hermetic container, for example, an elongated cylindrical shape, located vertically in a given compartment of the ice buoy, a housing which is rigidly fixed to the inner wall of the specified compartments buoy ice, inside of this capacity is introduced inertial piston having a predetermined mass attached top and bottom to the inner hull of the given capacity using the introduced spring shock absorbers in the lower and in the upper part of this vessel in predetermined places are formed two holes of a given diameter, to which is attached rigidly and hermetically introduced two air pipes, the location of which provides the movement of the jets of compressed air to the blades of the turbine wheel wells.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises buoy, autonomous electrical source and recharging power device with mechanism of its connection to source, inertial piston arranged with the possibility of reciprocal motion up and down due to vertical movements of buoy under action of water surface oscillations and spring shock absorbers. Output of device via mechanism of connection is connected to input of source. Plant is equipped with air turbine, for instance Wells turbine, and air-conducting tubes. Inside buoy there are the following components arranged - source in the form of capacitance molecular accumulator of energy on the basis of double-layer capacitor and recharging device, including DC generator with relay-voltage controller. Its rotor is rigidly connected to blade wheel of turbine, and mechanism of rotation with air reservoir of cylindrical shape, inside of which there is a piston arranged as fixed on top and bottom inside reservoir body with the help of shock absorbers. In lower and upper part of reservoir there are holes arranged, to which tubes are fixed rigidly, and their location provides for motion of air flow to blades of turbine wheel, caused by oscillating reciprocal movements of piston.

EFFECT: simplified technical design of wave power plants, increased reliability, durability and simplification of their operation.

1 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the power industry field, in particular electrogenerating installations using sea waves energy. Pulse wave energy converter contains movable multilink structure consisting of modules with local energy-transducer implemented in the form of movable connected one relative to other floating blocks with winding, condensing installation and rectifying installation. Modules are outfitted by electromagnets with detachable core and located on it magnetised and power winding. Magnetising windings are directly or through adjusting resistor are connected to common buses. Power winding are connected to them through rectifying installation. Buses are connected to condensing installation. Components of detachable core are connected to adjoining blocks.

EFFECT: simplification of design; increasing of coefficient of efficiency by means of self-optimise of operation mode.

3 dwg

Wave energy plant // 2286476

FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.

EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.

1 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to marine energy, namely, devices for converting wave, natural and local ocean currents into electrical energy in the open sea

Wave power plant // 2200251

Malar keel // 2166453
The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the creation of the zygomatic ship keels, allowing the utilization of wave energy

Wave power plant // 2147077
The invention relates to hydropower, in particular to the wave energy installations

Energy converter // 2139440

The invention relates to energy and can be used to create Autonomous surface environmentally friendly sources of electrical energy, using wind energy and wind waves

Marine radar buoy // 2326477

FIELD: physics, radio navigation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to radiolocation and radio navigation and may be used as a radar navigation marine buoy operating in decimetre and metre wavelength ranges. The radar marine buoy is a hollow metallic cone (HMC) with a right taper angle, the vertex of which faces the sea surface, which is the second reflective element, and a floating support, which is the HMC part at its vertex side. When the HMC is installed on the sea surface, with its vertex to the surface, an equivalent biconical radar reflector is formed, providing scattering indicatrix uniformity in the azimuthal plane. The HMC is open at the round base side and the whole its internal cavity is filled with a radio transparent material with a specific density 15...40 times lower than that of the sea water. The technical effect is the expansion of the marine buoy scattering indicatrix to 90° in the elevation plane and increase in its scattering cross-section (with a probability level of 0.5) to 4.3...14.2dB, in the wavelength range from decimetres to metres. The radio-transparent material prevents from the sea water ingress to the internal HMC cavity, also providing buoyancy and stability of the whole structure.

EFFECT: expansion of marine buoy scattering indicatrix and increase in its scattering cross-section.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: architecture design and major dimensions of a floating warning sign (FWS) are determined by necessity to partially neutralize tearing-off wave forces and roll of FWS by means of a passive-active leaf damper not deeply submerged. A draft TSB of FWS is accepted within 0.6-1.2 of a specified wave amplitude depending on the preset ratio of neutralization 0≤n≤0.5 of wave forces The damper has a cone shape and is made of a thin sheet with a bias of 20-30° to horizon An outer edge of the damper is rounded with a radius of 0.05-0.1 of the radius of the damper surface horizontal projection A middle of the damper cone surface is distanced from undisturbed water surface at TLD =(0.7÷0.8)TSB. A core disk of solid ballast is attached to the bottom of the FWS and additional disks are attached to the core disk by means of pins The middle value of the FWS case diameter, dimensions of dampers, a required number of solid ballast and displacement of FWS as a whole are specified by sequential decision of algebraic equation system.

EFFECT: to decrease mass of a floating warning sign at preset surge proof.

2 dwg

FIELD: river navigation; ensuring required navigation route.

SUBSTANCE: proposed navigation beacon has float, above-water part in form of signal shape, signal lantern, balancing weight in underwater part of beacon and device for securing the anchor chain. Device for conversion of energy is located inside beacon; it is made in form of piezo-electric plant consisting of piezo-electric ring which is radially polarized and is secured to above-water part of beacon through rigid dielectric ring; beacon is also provided with pendulum secured to above-water part of beacon for oscillation in any direction and output voltage converter.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and durability of beacon.

1 dwg

The invention relates to the provision of inland navigation and, in particular, to the buoys to indicate the navigation path

Drifting device // 2214341

The invention relates to the field of inland navigation and is designed to provide navigation paths

Signal buoy // 2097256

Bui // 2022159

FIELD: river navigation; ensuring required navigation route.

SUBSTANCE: proposed navigation beacon has float, above-water part in form of signal shape, signal lantern, balancing weight in underwater part of beacon and device for securing the anchor chain. Device for conversion of energy is located inside beacon; it is made in form of piezo-electric plant consisting of piezo-electric ring which is radially polarized and is secured to above-water part of beacon through rigid dielectric ring; beacon is also provided with pendulum secured to above-water part of beacon for oscillation in any direction and output voltage converter.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and durability of beacon.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: architecture design and major dimensions of a floating warning sign (FWS) are determined by necessity to partially neutralize tearing-off wave forces and roll of FWS by means of a passive-active leaf damper not deeply submerged. A draft TSB of FWS is accepted within 0.6-1.2 of a specified wave amplitude depending on the preset ratio of neutralization 0≤n≤0.5 of wave forces The damper has a cone shape and is made of a thin sheet with a bias of 20-30° to horizon An outer edge of the damper is rounded with a radius of 0.05-0.1 of the radius of the damper surface horizontal projection A middle of the damper cone surface is distanced from undisturbed water surface at TLD =(0.7÷0.8)TSB. A core disk of solid ballast is attached to the bottom of the FWS and additional disks are attached to the core disk by means of pins The middle value of the FWS case diameter, dimensions of dampers, a required number of solid ballast and displacement of FWS as a whole are specified by sequential decision of algebraic equation system.

EFFECT: to decrease mass of a floating warning sign at preset surge proof.

2 dwg

Up!