Method for erection of building facade with further installation of filling elements

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for quick erection of building and structures facades, where instead of wall structures they use filling elements, such as glass, double-glass panes, panels, sandwich panels, etc. Method for erection of building facade with further installation of filling elements, in which support brackets are fixed to floor deck to retain filling elements, along perimetre of which tightening elements are installed. Each floor is serially assembled from surface of floor deck, at the same time, hollow guide stands are installed to support brackets, outside the building, and crossbars are fixed to their external surfaces with the help of inserts. Assembly of guide stands and crossbars is carried out serially, stand-crossbar and/or in parallel, stand-stand, crossbar-crossbar, afterwards filling elements are installed and further fixed. Tightening elements are installed between stands, crossbars and filling elements. Composite metal strips that connect adjacent guide stands are installed inside hollow stands.

EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness and prime cost of assembly works.

8 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to construction and is designed for rapid construction of the facades of buildings and constructions, where instead of wall constructions use the elements of content in the form of glass, glazing, panels, sandwich panels, etc.

The known method of installation of curtain walls of lightweight concrete panels autoclave performance, where the elements of content in the form of panels lift to the roof of the building by the hoisting-and-transport mechanisms and then connect these panels with panels of larger size. Then the panel is large in size set using the support brackets on the ceiling of the building, with the surface of adjacent panels condense elastic material (see Japan patent No. 5-10454 4, from 09.02.1993,, EW 2/94).

The disadvantages of this method of installation is an additional Assembly and panel arrangement of small size in panel a larger size and use hoisting machinery, which increases the complexity and cost of assembling the panels, and also extends the deadline for the introduction of the building.

The basis of the invention is the task to create such a method of installation of the facade of the building with the installation of items of content, which will reduce the complexity and cost of installation works and, as a consequence, significantly shorten suggesting the building into operation.

The problem is solved in that the mounting of the facade of the building with the installation of the items of content in which to interfloor overlapping attach the support brackets that hold the elements of the filling, the perimeter of which establish sealing elements, in accordance with the invention to carry out the sequential installation of each floor from the surface of the floor to the support brackets, outside the building, vertically mounted hollow rack rails to the outer surfaces with liners attach the crossbars and mounting rails posts and beams carry out consistently, hour-bolt and/or in parallel, hour-hour, Rigel-Rigel, then set the filling elements and their subsequent fixation, in addition, the sealing elements are installed between the posts, beams and elements filling, and inside the hollow racks install composite metal strips connecting adjacent rack rails.

When this hollow rack rails and crossbars made T-shaped and are connected at an angle of 90°. And the final consolidation of the crossbars provide fasteners in pre-prepared holes in the hollow guide posts. Internal profile p is the surface of the crossbars cover decorative elements.

In addition, the filling elements made in the form of glass, glazing, panels, sandwich panels, ducts, etc. fixed with clamps on the perimeter, and a metal strip connecting the adjacent rack rails are made of aluminium and its alloys.

The claimed method of installation of the building allows you to quickly build any kind of structure, it is sufficient to have the construction readiness of the floors and does not require bulky, expensive lifts and scaffolding. In addition, due to the fact that installation and setup elements filling start directly from the surface of the floors, and when ready the new premises, inside these areas, and also due to the simple connection of guide posts and beams at an angle of 90° the claimed method can significantly reduce the complexity and cost of installation works.

However, if necessary, this installation method allows you directly to the venue produce Windows, ventilation grills, etc. at the customer or in case of unforeseen changes to the building construction project.

The essence of the claimed invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

figure 1 shows a General view of the installation of the facade is a perspective view of;

figure 2 is a view As in figure 1;

<> figure 3 - cross-section B-B of figure 1;

4 is a view in plan on figure 3 (connection guide rack with crossbar using a liner-lock).

For carrying out the proposed method using the intermediate floor structure 1, the support brackets 2, guides hollow pillar 3, is made T-shaped. Moreover, the support brackets 2 can be installed on the end of floors 1, and on its surface. For fixing the support brackets 2 on the surface of the slab 1 use the mounting elements 4, and for fixing the guiding pillars 3 to the support brackets 2 using fasteners 5. Guides hollow rack 3 is connected with the ear-clamps 6 by bolts 7, is made T-shaped and having a groove in the middle. Between the guide posts 3 and 7 installed crossbars filling elements 8, to hold them use the clamps 9 and between the guide surfaces of the uprights 3, crossbars 7 and elements filling 8 installed sealing elements 10. In the middle of the hollow guide racks 3 installed composite metal strip 11 made of aluminium or its alloys. Hole 12, and advance is made in the girders 7, perform round or oval, to compensate for thermal expansion construction. For the final fastening of bolts 7 to guides PU is totaly racks 3 use fasteners 13. In the middle of the inner profile part of the crossbars 7 installed decorative elements 14 in the form of protective covers.

The proposed method of installation is as follows.

When ready floors 1 to its surface attach the support brackets 2. Next, by means of fixing elements 4 is fixed on the outside of the structure vertically guides the hollow rack 3. In the hollow portion of the T-shaped guiding pillars 3 enter the crossbars 7 and begin their Assembly. However, previously, with conductor mark the places for connecting the rails of the racks with 3 bolts 7 and perform apertures for installation of liners-clamps 6, and fix them in these holes.

Then on the fixed liner-lock 6 install the bolt 7 and through pre-made holes 12 at an angle of 90° to carry out its final fastening to hollow rack 3 fasteners 13. With no cutting and fitting surfaces of the bolt 7. The inner core portion of the latch bolt 7 is covered by decorative caps 14.

For ease of installation and depending on the availability of structural elements, such as racks and crossbars, mounting perform consistently, "hour-bolt and/or in parallel, "hour-hour", "Rigel-Rigel", as well as their combination.

Next on Westlaw installation elements filling 8 by fixing their terminals 9 on the perimeter, and between the guide surfaces of the uprights 3, crossbars 7 and elements filling 8 establish sealing elements 10.

To adjust the parts mounted to the building facade in the vertical plane using metal strips 11, which are inserted in the T-shaped portion of the hollow guiding pillars 3. Moreover, in case of a possible thermal expansion between floors, metal strip 11 perform compound with an air gap along the entire height of the structure.

For drainage of moisture and condensation in T-shaped girders 7 drill holes (not shown).

An example of a specific implementation.

When ready floors installation team includes 2-4 people from the surface of the overlap reinforces the support brackets to their end in accordance with the dimensions of the elements of the content specified in the construction project, for example, the front facade of the building with total area of 500 m2it is necessary to mount the units of dimensions 2.0 x 2.5 m each.

Further, the size of glass, two of the installer on each side of the parallel guides mounted a hollow rack and further makes installation of the facade above described method. For a full working shift team of installers will carry out installation of the facade with a total area of 100 m2for the working week, the team of drivers who s completely finish the installation of the facade with a total area of 500 m 2.

However, regardless of the readiness of the whole frame of the building, installation of facade begin from the place where you installed ceilings and when it is ready the next section of the frame of the building begin in this place the mounting of the facade and therefore, when using the proposed method of installation of the facade to reduce the period of introduction of the building.

Thus, the claimed method of installation of the facade of the building with the installation of the elements filling reduces the complexity and cost of installation works, to significantly improve performance and, consequently, significantly reduce the introduction of plants into operation.

1. The method of installation of the facade of the building with the installation of the items of content in which to interfloor overlapping attach the support brackets that hold the elements of the filling, the perimeter of which establish sealing elements, characterized in that perform sequential installation of each floor from the surface of the floor to the support brackets, outside the building, vertically mounted hollow rack rails to the outer surfaces with liners attach the crossbars and mounting rails posts and beams carry out consistently, hour-bolt and/or in parallel, toyka-hour, deadbolt-deadbolt, then set the filling elements and their subsequent fixation, in addition, the sealing elements are installed between the posts, beams and elements filling, and inside the hollow racks install composite metal strips connecting adjacent rack rails.

2. The method of installation of the facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the hollow rack rails made T-shaped.

3. The method of installation of the facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the beams do T-shaped and connected with the guide racks at an angle of 90°.

4. The method of installation of the facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the filling elements fixed along the perimeter using clamps.

5. The method of installation of the facade according to claim 1 or 4, characterized in that the filling elements made in the form of glass, glazing, panels, sandwich panels and ventilation grills.

6. The method of installation of the facade according to claim 1, characterized in that the final consolidation of the crossbars provide fasteners into pre-made holes in hollow columns.

7. The method of installation of the facade according to claim 1, characterized in that a compound of a metal strip made of aluminum or its alloys.

8. The method of installation of the facade according to claim 3, characterized in that the inner profile part of the crossbars closing the Ute decorative elements.



 

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FIELD: building, particularly erection of two- or three-story buildings including precast members.

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EFFECT: reduced labor inputs.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly underground or underwater structures.

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3 dwg, 1 ex

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EFFECT: reduced metal consumption, improved heat properties of joint.

3 dwg

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26 cl, 6 dwg, 2 ex

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EFFECT: improved sound-proofing properties, simplified fixation to building frame and reduced cost of building erection.

2 cl, 8 dwg

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