Automated vehicle simulator system

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: simulator has a system of onboard equipment, a simulator configurator and an instructor unit, data base unit, vehicle system simulation unit, vehicle behaviour simulation unit, training task controller and vision aids, all interconnected through a router. The simulator also has a manual control unit, an environment dynamic simulation unit, a tactical situation simulation unit and a module for adjusting visual models. The vision aids are made in form of a set of visual model units depending on the number of students, each consisting of a certain set of models for visual presentation of a fixed field of view and modules for producing visual presentation of the fixed field of view.

EFFECT: possibility of creating a visual environment for each student, equivalent to the real environment and created taking into account a specific task and position of the student on the simulator which is an imitation of the student's real position on a ship.

5 dwg

 

The claimed technical solution relates to exercise equipment, in particular equipment with simulated view from the vehicle, and can be used for complex group and/or individual education and training of personnel for operation and maintenance of complex control systems, including control systems of various kinds of water transport.

Known for complex simulators for group/individual study and training of maintenance and operating personnel of various control systems (see, for example, "Online training system" in patent RF №2271040, MKI G09B 9/00, "Automated training system for training crews of the ships under the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2234138, MKI G09B 9/06).

Known simulators contain Workstations or models of Workstations operators, jobs, leadership training, computing facilities, money exchange and provide dialogue automated learning cycle and control.

These simulators do not contain tools to simulate and display the external environment, which limits their field of application, since for the effective training of staff vehicles, such as flight crews or operators of control systems for ships and submarines, the availability of models of the environment is necessary is possible.

A device for performing a training flight on the patent of Russian Federation №2156501, MKI G09B 9/08 tools behind-cabin display visual information, the actual authorities through which the device associated with the computing machine, ensures that all workouts for a single or group of flight.

Because all transactions on modeling and signal processing performs one computing machine, the device is not secure, and the use of part of the real device controls limits the scope of its application.

Closest to the technical essence and adopted for the prototype is integrated simulator of the aircraft by the RF patent №2280287, MKI G09B 9/02, 9/08, built on the principle of distributed computing based on the representation of objects with the ability to quickly change its configuration.

The device prototype, as well as claimed, contains interconnected with a router unit instructor, block database, block modeling systems of the vehicle, block modeling the behavior of the vehicle, the Manager of the training task, the block model representation and visualization tools, as well as the Configurator simulator connected to the Manager of training tasks, and an on-Board equipment, the relationship is p with block modeling systems of the vehicle.

Known simulator is designed for training of aircraft pilots. Use it for training other vehicles, such as ships or submarines, not efficient enough, because the renderer (block visual representation and block presenting a visual representation) form the visual environment is the same for all students.

The technical problem to be solved in the proposed simulator is the ability to create for each trainee visual environment, adequate the actual and adjusted for the specific working tasks and the location of the learner on the simulator, which is an imitation of its actual location on the ship (bridge, cutting etc).

This task is solved in that in an automated training simulator vehicle containing interconnected with a router unit instructor, block database, block modeling systems of the vehicle, block modeling the behavior of the vehicle, Manager of training tasks and the renderer, and the Configurator simulator connected to the Manager of training tasks, and an on-Board equipment, interconnected with the power systems modeling vehicle entered the unit manual control unit dynamic fashion the investing environment, block modeling tactical situation and the module settings, visual models, and visualization tools contain blocks of visual models for the number of trainees, each of which consists of sets of modules visual representation of the fixed sector overview and modules presenting a visual representation of the fixed sector review, with the manual control box, the unit of dynamic environmental modeling, block modeling tactical situation and module settings visual models connected with router, and the output module settings connected to the Configurator simulator.

This embodiment of the simulator allows to extend the scope of its application and to improve the quality of training.

The proposed simulator are presented in the drawings, where:

Figure 1 - structural diagram of the simulator,

Figure 2 - block diagram of the module is a visual representation of the fixed sector review,

Figure 3 - block diagram of the algorithm unit operation modeling tactical situation,

4 is a block diagram of the algorithm operation unit dynamic simulation environment,

5 is a block diagram of the operation of the module settings.

Integrated simulator contains (1) set 1 on-Board equipment of the vehicle, the unit instructor 2, block bases Dunn is x 3, block modeling systems of the vehicle 4, block modeling the behavior of the vehicle 5, the manual operating unit objects tactical situation 7, block modeling tactical situation 6, block dynamic environmental modeling 8 blocks visual models 91-9mmodule configuration 10 blocks visual models, the Configurator simulator 11, Manager of training tasks 12, router, data packets 13, containing blocks of currency 14.

Set onboard equipment of the vehicle 1 can be performed, for example, in the form of simulated airborne equipment on the touch monitors that are placed in the volume, simulating real working location of the learner. Unit instructor 2 is designed to control blocks of the simulator, change settings, and can be performed similarly to the block instructor trainer prototype. The block database 3 is designed to store a collection of databases required for the formation of the model, visual, and, if necessary, and other system representations. Block modeling systems of the vehicle 4 provides a simulation of the aircraft systems and avionics. Block modeling the behavior of the vehicle 5 provides simulation of dynamics of movement (course, swift is here, pitching side, pitching keel and so on). The manual control box 6 provides real-time support for dynamic manual control objects tactical situation. Block modeling tactical situation 7 simulates the presence and behaviour of moving (floating) objects and dynamic coastal facilities, and the block dynamic environmental modeling 8 provides a simulation of climatic conditions, the effects of wind, tides, currents, changes the time of day and time of year. Blocks of simulation 4, 5, 7, 8 may be made in the form of software modules on the basis of a universal computing machine.

Each block visual models 9 consists of sets of modules visual representation 15 and modules presenting a visual representation 16 of the fixed sector review. Each block visual models 9 is adapted to tasks corresponding to the learner, i.e. the number of blocks of visual models m equals the number of trained operators, and the number of modules 15 and 16 in each block visual models is determined by the required size of the sector review for each trainee operator.

The Configurator simulator 11 assigns a fitness challenges and options and distributes them in blocks. Manager of training tasks 12 serves to transmit the fitness of the butt in the assigned blocks. Module Nast is the ISP 10 provides a rapid change of the parameters and characteristics of objects tactical situation. Each module is a visual representation 15 of the fixed sector review contains (2) the switch 17, the block generation characteristics of the visual model of the physical environment 18, the block generation characteristics of the visual model tactical situation 19, the synchronization unit and combining physical and tactical situation 20. Direct and inverse relationship between the blocks of the simulator is used to transfer information and transfer receipts processing commands.

The generating block parameters a visual model of the physical environment 18 is designed to generate environmental parameters in a given sector at time tiand can be built on the basis of several specialized single-Board microprocessor-based devices, synchronously, and simultaneously perform the same firmware with different sets of initial data. Synchronization calculations, the formation of a set of input data for each microprocessor and support interaction with the switch is performed by a special microprocessor device with the functions of the supervisor.

The block generation characteristics of the visual model tactical situation 19 in a given sector at time tican be built on the basis of specialized multiprocessor computer. Multiprocessing package implements the principle Mat the ranks of calculations on the basis of setprocessor with similar firmware. Synchronization computing and support interaction with the switch 17 by a special microprocessor device. The synchronization unit and combining physical and tactical situation 20 may be implemented based on a single-processor single Board microcomputer with a simplified set of commands. Hardware interaction with the switch 17 is a specialized microprocessor module.

The switch 17 is designed to provide direct coupling unit instructor 2 and module configuration 10 with the block 18 and block 19. According to its functional value blocks of the simulator form:

group jobs trainees (set simulator airborne equipment 1 and block modeling systems of the vehicle 4);

- operational management training (unit instructor 2 and the manual control box objects tactical situation 6);

group forming a visual model of the environment (the set of blocks of visual models 91-9m);

group modeling dynamically changing environment (block database 3, block modeling the behavior of the vehicle 5, block modeling tactical situation 7, block modeling environment 8);

group settings of the simulator under the desired type of training (module configuration 10, invigorator simulator 11, Manager training task 12).

Modules presenting a visual representation 17 can be made in the form of known electronic or optical information display means (display, projection screens etc).

The proposed simulator works as follows.

Instructor with unit 2 sets the list of training tasks and provides the input data for training. Unit instructor 2 implements the interface of the instructor with the initial input data for a workout in the block modeling tactical situation 7 and block the environment 8 and their adjustment, and with the help of the manual operating unit 6, the instructor performs the correction of the motion parameters of the objects of the tactical situation to transfer the corrected data in the block modeling tactical situation 7. Interaction in real time between all the blocks of the simulator through the blocks exchange 14 of the router 13. Next, using current information from a group of jobs trainees, the instructor unit 2 performs the setting blocks modeling dynamically changing environment (blocks 3, 5, 7, 8), data about the overall situation from which intended for modules visual representation 151-15toreturn to the block instructor 2 (figure 3, figure 4).

When specifying a type of friction is ovci unit instructor 2 module configuration 10 implements the interface of the instructor in accordance with figure 5, the Configurator simulator translates the configuration module 10 in a matrix configuration, trainer, and Manager training tasks 12 based on the modified matrix configuration generates control commands to a group of jobs trainees (in block 1 and 4), in block modeling tactical situation 7, block modeling environment 8. Control information from the Manager of training tasks 12 is returned to the module configuration 10 for subsequent issuance in blocks of visual models 91-9m.

The visual presentation is organized in the form of a discrete process, where for each simulated current time ti(where ti=ti-1+Δt; i=0, 1, ...) modules visual representation 15 generates a set of characteristics of the process for each sector review. For each fixed sector review the corresponding module visual representation 15 generates a set of data to display (presentation) card, moving objects, characteristics of the environment and other "pictures", describing the situation in this sector. Sector overview form a visual scene containing n sectors, where n can take values from 1 to values that provide a panoramic view. Each sector is defined by the coordinates of the viewpoint, the angle and direction of view.

The machine is zeerovannyy training complex of the vehicle, containing interconnected with a router unit instructor, block database, block modeling systems of the vehicle, block modeling the behavior of the vehicle, Manager of training tasks and visualization tools, as well as the Configurator simulator connected to the Manager of training tasks and a set of on-Board equipment, interconnected with the power systems modeling of the vehicle, characterized in that it introduced the manual control box, the unit of dynamic environmental modeling, block modeling tactical situation and the module settings, visual models, and visualization tools contain blocks of visual models for the number of trainees, each of which consists of sets of modules visual representation fixed sector overview and modules presenting a visual representation of the fixed sector review, with the manual control box, the unit of dynamic environmental modeling, block modeling tactical situation and module settings visual models connected with router, and the output module settings connected to the Configurator simulator.



 

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