Thermal compression device (versions)

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: thermal compression device includes high pressure gas source connected to cylinders-compressors, device for thermal cycling of cylinders-compressors, of the set of capacities with various temperatures and cold source. Cold source in the form of Dewar vessel, which is filled with cooling agent, is located together with capacities with various temperatures on the installation device. Installation device is fixed with possibility of rotation. Low-temperature capacity is heat insulated, filled with liquid heat carrier and equipped with heat exchanger arranged in heat carrier. Heat exchanger is made in the form of a coil with bifilar winding of the tube and with diametre of the forming winding, which is more than the diametre of the circle enveloping cylinders-compressors. One end of the tube is connected through the side output by means of flexible connection and an adapter to Dewar vessel equipped with pressurisation system. The other tube end is led out to atmosphere. Cylinders-compressors and the source of forming the liquid heat carrier flow to capacities are suspended on the cover of the capacity, which is attached to the bracket in upper part of the support of the lifting mechanism. Lifting mechanism is located together with installation mechanism on the platform equipped with devices for its movement and fixture.

EFFECT: simplifying the design, improving the operation and increasing the efficiency of thermal compression device.

3 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to refrigeration, and more specifically to the design and operation of thermal compression devices (thermocompressors)used, for example, when filling gas cylinders high pressure maintaining high cleanliness requirements, as the injected gas, and internal volumes and surfaces of the filled system.

The principle of operation of thermal compression devices are widely known. Its base is a tank (tank-compressor), which is initially cooled, preferably to a temperature of condensation of the gas, and fill it with gas from a poster cylinders. Then bench cylinders cut off, the tank is heated, the pressure of the gas in it is growing and he is pumped to refill the tank. Such cycles suction-discharge takes place as long as necessary to achieve the desired pressure in the filled container.

Known compression chiller (see, for example, patent of Russia №2044232, MKI F25B 1/00 from 05.06.1991 g)containing the compressor, pressure vessels, railway gas stations and highway gas supply to the consumer, the heat exchangers. The presence of a mechanical compressor that uses grease for rotating and moving parts does not preclude the contamination of the gas vapors of oil (lubrication), which is unacceptable for handling (filling) the Aza in the cylinders of the consumer, using this gas as a working component, for example, when used in electric rocket engines installed on the spacecraft.

It is also known compression device for the regeneration of refrigerants (see, for example, U.S. patent No. 5379607 from 10.01.1995,, IPC: F25B 49/00), selected as a prototype, containing a high-pressure gas source connected to the cylinders of the compressor, a device for thermal Cycling of the tank compressors, including a set of different capacities and the cold source. The structure of the device includes a compressor, receiver, heat exchanger-condenser. The device supports the regeneration of the refrigerant (the coolant) type F (freon-11, freon-12, freon 113) for pumping into the transport container (the consumer), the process of pumping long and ineffective.

General shortcomings of analogue and prototype are the complexity of the design (layout) and the inefficient operation of the device.

The present invention is to create a termocompressive device that would simplify the design (layout) and improved operation and increased efficiency.

The technical result according to the first embodiment is achieved due to the fact that in termocompressive the device containing the source g is for high pressure, connected to the cylinders of the compressor, a device for thermal Cycling of the tank compressors, from a set of different capacities and cold source, unlike the prototype, the cold source in the form of a Dewar vessel filled with refrigerant, together with the different tanks located on the installation device, mounted for rotation, and low-capacity insulated, filled with liquid coolant and is supplied is placed in the coolant heat exchanger, made in the form of a bifilar coil with a winding tube diameter forming a winding in excess of the diameter of a circle encompassing the cylinders compressors, one end of the tube through the side of the output from the tank is connected by flexible connection and adapter to the Dewar vessel, equipped with a pressurization system, and the other is communicated with the atmosphere, while the cylinders of the compressors and the source of flow of the liquid coolant in the tank is suspended on the top of the silo attached to the bracket in the upper part of the frame, the lifting mechanism located in conjunction with rotating the adjusting device on the platform, equipped with devices to move and commit.

The technical result according to the second variant is due to the fact that in termocompressive device containing istocnikach high pressure, connected to the cylinders of the compressor, a device for thermal Cycling of the tank compressors, from a set of different capacities and cold source, unlike the prototype, the cold source in the form of a Dewar vessel filled with refrigerant, together with the different tanks located on the installation device, mounted for rotation, and low-capacity insulated, filled with liquid coolant and provided with a heat exchanger, which is made in the form of a cylindrical corrugated bulkhead, sealed with the container wall, with one end formed corrugations partitions bifilar spiral channel is connected through a flexible connection and adapter through the side of the output from the tank to the Dewar vessel, equipped with a pressurization system, and the other end of the bifilar spiral channel communicated with the atmosphere, while the cylinders of the compressors and the source of flow of the liquid coolant in the tank is suspended on the top of the silo attached to the bracket in the upper part of the frame, the lifting mechanism located in conjunction with rotating the adjusting device on the platform, equipped with devices to move and commit.

The technical result according to the third variant is due to the fact that in termocompressive device containing a high-pressure gas source, connected to the cylinders of the compressor, a device for thermal Cycling of the tank compressors, from a set of different capacities and cold source, unlike the prototype, the cold source in the form of a Dewar vessel filled with refrigerant, together with the different tanks located on the installation device, mounted for rotation, and low-capacity insulated, filled with liquid coolant and equipped located in the plane passing through the center of the vessel, a heat exchanger in the form of a panel of vysokoteploprovodnyh material to form in her method of rolling welding bifilar spiral channel, with one end through the side of the output from the tank is connected through a flexible connection and adapter to the Dewar vessel, equipped with a pressurization system, and the other is communicated with the atmosphere, while the cylinders of the compressor is suspended on the top of the silo, and the source of flow of the liquid coolant in the tank is fixed between the cylinders of the compressors and the projection panel of the coolant at the cover attached to the bracket in the upper part of the frame, the lifting mechanism located in conjunction with rotating the adjusting device on the platform, equipped with devices to move and commit.

The result is achieved by the fact that h is about as cold source is used filled with refrigerant Dewar vessel, located together with different capacities on the installation device, mounted for rotation, and the capacity of the lowest temperature (low capacity) insulated, filled with liquid coolant, for example ethyl alcohol, and contains a heat exchanger placed in the environment of the fluid and connected by flexible connection and adapter to the Dewar vessel, equipped with a pressurization system, and the cylinders of the compressors and the source of flow of the liquid coolant in the tank is suspended on the top of the silo attached to the bracket in the upper part of the frame, the lifting mechanism located in conjunction with rotating the adjusting device on the platform, equipped with devices to move and the commit. In addition, as the liquid coolant in the low capacity can be used liquid carbahal with optimal thermal parameters (properties)required when cooling down (in cylinders-compressors) such products, such as xenon. The efficiency of the process is also achieved by the fact that cooling down the coolant in the low-capacity is achieved by first variant of construction of the heat exchanger in the form of a tubular coil with a bifilar winding tube forming, on waywayway cylinders compressors; according to the second variant of construction of the heat exchanger in the form of a cylindrical corrugated bulkhead, sealed with the container wall, with the corrugations of the walls form a bifilar spiral channel; by the third variant of construction of the heat exchanger in the form of a panel located in the plane passing through the center of the low-temperature tank. The panel is made of vysokoteploprovodnyh material formed therein by the method of rolling welding bifilar spiral channel. It is important that the cylinders compressors placed on the cover outside the projection panel on the lid, and the source of the coolant flow between them.

The technical result of the present invention can simplify the design (layout), to improve the performance properties of the device and to increase the efficiency, which is confirmed by the testing of prototypes manufactured with the use of the proposed solution. The use of the proposed termocompressive device, for example, when filling cylinders consumer installed on spacecraft type "Yamal", "Protein" and others, will provide significant economic benefits through improvements in design, simplicity and efficiency of operation.

Summary of the invention according to sdaetsa drawings, where:

figure 1 - termocompressive device in the working position during tahaliyani cylinders compressors in the low-capacity (shown in longitudinal section);

figure 2 - low-temperature capacity with heat exchanger - the first option;

figure 3 - low-temperature capacity with heat exchanger - the second option;

figure 4 - low capacity with heat exchanger - a third option;

5 is a view along arrow b on the heat exchanger in the form of a panel with bifilar spiral channel;

6 is a view on arrow,

Termocompressive device consists of the following main parts: the high-pressure gas source, such as poster cylinder 1 high pressure filled with clean gas, for example xenon, and connected to the cylinders of the compressor 2; a device for thermal Cycling 3 cylinders compressors, from a set of different containers 4, 5, 6 (first, second, third, intended to ensure the set temperatures of the cylinders compressors); cold source in the form of a Dewar vessel 7. The Dewar vessel 7 is filled with a refrigerant such as liquid nitrogen, and together with different containers 4, 5, 6 is located on the installation device 8, fixed for rotation, with the low-temperature capacity of 4 insulated, filled with liquid coolant 9 for example ethyl alcohol by TO-64-07506004-99 or fluid carbahal on TO-1693-88.

In the first scenario (see figure 2) the low-temperature tank 4 contains placed in the coolant, the heat exchanger 101made in the form of a bifilar coil with a winding tube, the diameter forming the winding exceeds the diameter of a circle encompassing the cylinders of the compressor, so that when the last dive in the fluid cylinders compressors did not touch the heat exchanger; one end of the bifilar winding of the tube through the side of the output 11 from the tank 4 is connected to the Dewar vessel 7 through a flexible connection 12 and the adapter 13 and the other end communicated with the atmosphere. The Dewar vessel 7 is equipped with a pressurization system 14.

The second option (see figure 3) low-temperature tank 4 contains the heat exchanger 102made in one piece with the wall 15 of the tank 4 and is formed by a cylindrical corrugated partitions 16, fastened with the wall 15 of the tank 4, and the corrugations are made in the form of a bifilar spiral and the connection and bond, for example, vacuum soldering walls 16 with the wall 15 to form a bifilar spiral channel 17, with one end through the side of the output 11 from the tank 4 is connected through a flexible connection 12 and the adapter 13 to the Dewar vessel 7, is equipped with a pressurization system 14. The other end of the bifilar spiral channel 17 communicates with the atmosphere.

By the third variant (see figure 4) nicotania the business capacity of 4 contains placed in the coolant in the plane passing through the center of the vessel, the heat exchanger 103made in the form of panels of vysokoteploprovodnyh material, for example copper or aluminum, formed therein by the method of rolling welding bifilar spiral channel 18, with one end through the side of the output 11 from the tank 4 is connected through a flexible connection 12 and the adapter 13 to the Dewar vessel 7, is equipped with a pressurization system 14. The other end of the spiral channel 18 communicates with the atmosphere. The source of flow of the liquid coolant in the tank is fixed between the cylinders of the compressors and the projection panel of the coolant at the cover, to the exclusion of touch with tank compressors and panel carrier.

For all variants cylinders compressors 2 and the source of flow of the liquid coolant (mixer), 19 in the tank 4 is suspended on the lid 20. For the third option, it is important mutual arrangement of the cylinders of the compressor 2 and the mixer 19. The cylinders of the compressor 2 is suspended on the lid 20, outside the projection of the coolant on the lid and stirrer 19 is suspended between the tank compressors and this projection. The cover 20 during thermal Cycling of the cylinders of the compressor 2 is joined alternately with containers 4, 5, 6, and attached to the bracket 21 in the upper part of the rack 22 of the lifting mechanism 23 located in conjunction with the alignment device 8 fixed to the opportunities the Yu rotation on the platform 24, fitted with devices to move, for example wheels 25, and fixing, for example jacks 26. The adjusting device 8 is made in the form of rotating around its axis of cylindrical posts (drum), which by means of detachable (removable) of brackets fixed different containers 4, 5, 6, when the installation device 8 during the rotation provides an alternate installation of the tanks 4, 5, 6 under the cover 20. In addition, the installation device 8 has a deck attached to a rotating cylindrical rack for placing and fastening of the Dewar vessel 7, which rotates together with the containers 4, 5, 6, which excludes its undocking (snap) from the heat exchanger 101, 102, 103low-capacitance 4 in the process, and reduces the length of the hoses. The lifting mechanism 23 provides alternate ascent (descent) of each of the containers 4, 5, 6 after it is installed under the cover 20. To improve the efficiency of heat exchange fluid from the tank by the compressor 2 and the heat exchanger 101, 102, 103the cover 20 is fixed device, formative (causal) circulation in the vessel 4, 5, 6, which include after immersion of the device in the carrier and dock cover 20 alternately with containers 4, 5, 6.

As the insulation for neither totemperatures capacity 4 use for example, the polyurethane foam-17 "ZM" beyond 2254-066-21095499-01. Bifilar spiral channel 18 by the method of rolling welding is formed as follows: the workpiece are two identical sheet, for example, of aluminum alloy AMG a thickness of 1 mm (or more). They are cleaned by etching, and then on one sheet for stencil paint bifilar helix (or any shape the future of the channel width by applying protivomoroznoj paste. Then cover with another sheet of paper and produce rolling with a given pressure and at a certain temperature (heat), resulting in welding of pressure over the entire area of the workpiece, in addition to the surface of the bifilar helix. Then the workpiece is placed in a snap-in, for example, between two plates, which provides a gap equal to the height of the future (formed) channel, and cut (open) one of the ends of the spiral serves under the pressure of the gas, inflating bifilar helical cavity, form a bifilar spiral channel, which, after washed with a special solution for cleaning from protivomoroznoj paste. Different containers 4, 5, 6 filled with pre-made coolant provides cooling or heating cylinders-Kompressoren 2 to the given temperatures. For cooling or heating the appropriate containers provided with devices for cooling the Oia or heated fluid, for example refrigeration heat exchangers 101, 102, 103connected to the Dewar vessel 7 with liquid nitrogen, and heaters (boilers). For example, the low-temperature tank 4 filled with ethyl alcohol or liquid - carbahal and provides cooling to the cylinders of the compressor 2 to a temperature of minus 80°C, the tank 5 is filled with water and provide heating of the cylinders of the compressor 2 to a temperature of + 20°C, and the tank 6 is filled with water and provide heating of the cylinders of the compressors 2 to temperature and 90°C. the Cylinders of the compressor 2 is connected to the cylinders of the consumer 27 through a gas line 28 to the valve 29 and the heat exchanger-cooler 30. Filling the xenon tank compressor 2 from the bench cylinders 1 are produced through the conduit 31 to the valve 32.

Works termocompressive device as follows. Before working devices make cleaning the inside of highways filling and gas supply, including cylinders compressors and cylinders consumer from moisture and air. The cleaning is done by way of the vacuum with the subsequent purge of pure nitrogen and xenon. The source of the injected gas, for example xenon, in the cylinders of the consumers are the poster cylinders, filled with pure xenon high pressure, of the order of 40 kg/cm2. In injected to the Aenon must be oxygen not more than 5(3)·10 -5volume fraction, and water vapor is not more than 6(4)·10-5volume fractions. The device operation is based on the principle of thermocompressor, which is necessary for the filling (injection) pressure of xenon is achieved in the cylinders of the compressors 2 to isochorically process. After clearing the internal cavities of pipes and tanks in the process of thermocompression and supply (injection) of xenon in the cylinders consumer 27, which is provided with an elevating mechanism 23 and the adjusting device 8.

Work as follows: the installation device 8 to rotate (turn) before installing the low-temperature tank 4 with the lid 20. When lifting the low-capacity 4 cylinders compressors 2 and the agitator 19 is immersed in the coolant, cooled to minus 80°C. To the cooled cylinders of the compressor 2 from the bench cylinders 1 serves xenon and filled up to a predetermined pressure, thus there is condensation of xenon in the cylinders of the compressor 2 (cycle suction). After filling of the cylinders of the compressors 2 xenon and cooling it to a temperature of minus 80°C poster cylinders 1 cut and produced by the lifting mechanism 23 descend to the low-capacity 4 in the lower position on the rotary mounting device 8. Further rotating the adjusting device 8 types who have lost before you installed capacity 5 under the cover 20 and produce lift capacity 5 to align with the cover 20. When lifting capacity 5 cylinders compressors 2 and the agitator 19 is immersed in the coolant (water, heated to a temperature of + 20°C), while the pressure in the cylinders of the compressor 2 increases. After the heated cylinders of the compressors 2 to a temperature of about + 20°To produce a descent tank 5 in the lower position for rotating the adjusting device 8. Then move (turn) rotary mounting device 8 to install the container 6 with the lid 20 and produce the lifting capacity 6 similar to operations with a capacity of 4 (5). When lifting capacity 6 cylinders compressors 2 and the agitator 19 is immersed in the coolant (water, heated to a temperature of plus 90°C) and heated to a temperature of the order of plus 90°C, while the pressure in the cylinders of the compressor 2 increases, and when the communication with the cylinders of the consumer 27 through the opening of the valve 29 to the gas line 28 xenon, passing through the heat exchanger-cooler 30 is cooled to a predetermined temperature (ambient temperature) and enters the cylinders of the consumer 27 (discharge cycle). After equalization of pressure between the cylinders of the compressor 2 and the cylinders consumer 27 and valve 29 is closed and the container 6 is lowered to the lower position by rotating the adjusting device 8. Such sequential processes (temperature cycles) cooling heating t see you a again the updated portions of xenon from the bench cylinders 1 cylinder compressors 2 do so as needed to achieve a given pressure of xenon in the cylinders consumer 27, for example, up to 150 kg/cm2.

The supply of low-capacity 4 (in the first embodiment, see figure 2) heat exchanger 101made in the form of a bifilar coil with a winding tube, one end of which is connected to the Dewar vessel 7, is equipped with a pressurization system, and placing it in the coolant around the circumference, into which fit the cylinders compressors immersed in the coolant, provides the maximum approximation of the refrigerating element (coil) to the cylinders of the compressors 2 and creates a uniform circular area tahaliyani cylinders of the compressor 2, which increases the efficiency of heat transfer, reduces the process time Sahelian and simplifies the design.

The performance of the heat exchanger 102the second option (see figure 3) allows to significantly reduce the mass (weight) capacity 4 (as there is no metal coil and the wall 15 made in the form of solder design of thin-walled shells: wall 15 and the partition 16), to increase the stability of the wall due to the presence of the corrugation, as well as to reduce the heat leakage through the wall of the vessel 4 to the coolant, which improves efficiency and reduces energy consumption (Holodomor).

Performing a heat exchanger according to a third variant (see figure 4) in the coolant in the center of the container 4 between the heat is obmennik 10 and the carrier provides a higher heat transfer coefficient due to the developed surface of the panel, made of vysokoteploprovodnyh material, and formed in her bifilar spiral channel by the method of rolling welding. In addition, the heat exchanger 103panel much easier coiled tubular heat exchanger, conveniently installed in the center of the vessel between the forming cylinders of the compressors 2 and provides the cooling down of the heat carrier in the Central part of the vessel 4, which is more efficient, because the cylinders compressors 2 are located in the immediate vicinity of the panel heat exchanger 103in the zone of maximum cold.

The location of the cold source in the form of a Dewar vessel 7 is filled with refrigerant, the installation device 8, is fixed for rotation together with different containers 4, 5, 6, and connected to the heat exchanger 101, 102, 103low-temperature tank 4 through a flexible connection 12 and the adapter 13 to the Dewar vessel 7 provide compactness and reduce the loss of cold by reducing lengths of flexible connections 12, and increase convenience in the operation of the device. In addition, this device provides purity xenon for injection into the cylinders of the consumer 27 and eliminates pollution xenon vapors of oil.

Thus, in all three variants termocompressive device proposed Kononov the and and the design of individual parts and components termocompressive devices provide a simplified design (layout) and improved operation, as well as increasing the efficiency of the device that performs the task.

1. Termocompressive device containing a high-pressure gas source connected to the cylinders of the compressor, a device for thermal Cycling of the tank compressors, from a set of different capacities and cold source, wherein the cold source in the form of a Dewar vessel filled with refrigerant, together with the different tanks located on the installation device, mounted for rotation, and low-capacity insulated, filled with liquid coolant and is supplied is placed in the coolant heat exchanger, made in the form of a bifilar coil with a winding tube diameter forming a winding in excess of the diameter of a circle encompassing the cylinders compressors, one end of the tube through the side the output from the tank is connected by flexible connection and adapter to the Dewar vessel, equipped with a pressurization system, and the other is communicated with the atmosphere, while the cylinders of the compressors and the source of flow of the liquid coolant in the tank is suspended on the top of the silo attached to the bracket in the upper part of the frame, the lifting mechanism located in conjunction with the alignment device on the platform, equipped with devices for AC is tion and fixation.

2. Termocompressive device containing a high-pressure gas source connected to the cylinders of the compressor, a device for thermal Cycling of the tank compressors, from a set of different capacities and cold source, wherein the cold source in the form of a Dewar vessel filled with refrigerant, together with the different tanks located on the installation device, mounted for rotation, and low-capacity insulated, filled with liquid coolant and provided with a heat exchanger, which is made in the form of a cylindrical corrugated bulkhead, sealed with the container wall, with one end formed corrugations partitions bifilar spiral channel is connected through a flexible connection and adapter through side output from the tank to the Dewar vessel, equipped with a pressurization system, and the other end of the bifilar spiral channel communicated with the atmosphere, while the cylinders of the compressors and the source of flow of the liquid coolant in the tank is suspended on the top of the silo attached to the bracket in the upper part of the frame, the lifting mechanism located in conjunction with the alignment device on the platform, equipped with devices to move and commit.

3. Termocompressive device, the soda is containing high-pressure gas source, connected to the cylinders of the compressor, a device for thermal Cycling of the tank compressors, from a set of different capacities and cold source, wherein the cold source in the form of a Dewar vessel filled with refrigerant, together with the different tanks located on the installation device, mounted for rotation, and low-capacity insulated, filled with liquid coolant and equipped, located in the plane passing through the center of the vessel, a heat exchanger in the form of a panel of vysokoteploprovodnyh material to form in her method of rolling welding bifilar spiral channel, with one end through the side of the output from the tank is connected through a flexible connection and adapter to the Dewar vessel, equipped with a pressurization system, and the other is communicated with the atmosphere, while the cylinders of the compressor is suspended on the top of the silo, and the source of flow of the liquid coolant in the tank is fixed between the cylinders of the compressors and the projection panel of the coolant at the cover attached to the bracket in the upper part of the frame, the lifting mechanism located in conjunction with the alignment device on the platform, equipped with devices for moving and fixing.



 

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FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: thermal-compression facility consists of source of gas under high pressure supplied to vessels-compressors via gas supply main, of installation for thermo-cycling vessels-compressors from reservoirs with different temperature with heat exchanger in low temperature reservoir communicated with source of cold, and of actuator of heat carrier circulation. The heat exchanger is made as a coil located inside the low-temperature reservoir; a pipe of the coil is double wound with a high conductive material, external surface of which has ribs in form of spiral or lamellar ribs along the total length of the tube. The heat carrier circulation actuator corresponds to an immersed screw-like mixer enclosed with a cylinder shell; at the output of it there is arranged a conic diffuser with an even circular flanging.

EFFECT: raised efficiency, and reduced time of filling due to efficient heat exchanging at chilldown of vessels-compressors in low temperature reservoir.

3 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: thermal-compression facility consists of source of gas under high pressure supplied to vessels-compressors via gas supply main, and of installation for thermo-cycling vessels-compressors from reservoirs with different temperature with heat exchanger in low temperature reservoir communicated with source of cold. A cooler is additionally installed in the main of gas supply at input to the vessels-compressors; the cooler corresponds to a coil tube installed in a jacket. Inside the coil tube there is installed a core along the whole length of the tube creating a gap in a circular channel between the wall of the tube and the core. An internal cavity of the jacket is connected to the output from the heat exchanger via a flexible coupler; the heat exchanger is made as a coil tube installed inside the low-temperature reservoir filled with coolant for cooling the vessels-compressors immersed into coolant.

EFFECT: simplification of design, improved maintaining of facility and raised efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to refrigerating equipment. Thermocompression device includes high pressure gas source with cylinders-compressors, device for heat cycling of cylinders-compressors in the form of a set of vessels with various temperatures, and location device for vessels with various temperatures, which is located on the platform whereon there also rigidly fixed is a rigid post. In upper part of rigid post on a bracket there fixed is a cover plate the dimensions of which correspond to the size of neck of vessels with various temperatures and on which cylinders-compressors are suspended. Rigid post is equipped with lifting mechanism of vessels with various temperatures, which is made in the form of a carriage installed with possibility of being moved along rigid post along the guides by means of a screw pin with a motor fixed on its edge. Vessels with various temperatures are fixed on installation device with possibility of being turned about it at equal distance relative to rotation axis by means of the first pairs of brackets connected to each other. Some of the brackets of the pair are fixed on installation device, and the others - on vessels with various temperatures. On each vessel with various temperatures on the side opposite to location of brackets of the first pairs and on the carriage there located are interconnected brackets of the second pairs identical to the first pairs of brackets, and distance between attachment point of cylinders-compressors and rigid post is equal to distance between axis of vessel with various temperatures, which is installed on carriage, and rigid post.

EFFECT: simplifying and improving the construction of thermocompression device and its operating properties, as well as increasing operating efficiency of thermocompression device.

2 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-gas production.

SUBSTANCE: gas accumulation compressing system includes gas extraction from gas main pipeline device, compressing system, located in a process room, gas accumulating storage, execute as a flowing pipeline connected to compressing system and gas distribution column. Flowing pipeline operates with working pressure greater than 25 MPa, diametre 100 mm and volume, containing not less then compressing system half-daily output, also gas accumulation compressing system equipped with additional gas distribution columns, connected via flow pipeline and located near by process room as well as near by motorways and places of vehicles location.

EFFECT: investment costs cutting, operation costs cutting, construction acceleration and working personnel reduction.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: thermocompression device comprises high-pressure gas source connected to barrels-compressors and device for temperature cycling of the latter. The latter device represents a set of different-temperature vessels with identical necks fixed onto holder. The latter is mounted to rotate and translate relative to hollow post. Proposed device additionally comprises rotary mechanism with its rope having one end fixed at the center of gravity of aforesaid holder. Other end of aforesaid rope is passed through pulley to be fastened to counterweight located inside hollow post. Said pulley seats on sliding thrust ball bearing, at the post upper part. Said counterweight moves along the post. Bracket with cover is rigidly fixed to post upper part. Barrels-compressors are suspended to aforesaid cover. Cover sizes correspond to neck sizes. Distance between lengthwise axes of different-temperature vessels and hollow post axes, and between cover axis and hollow post axis are equal. In compliance with first version, aforesaid holder is mounted to rotate and translate relative to hollow post, while bracket with cover is rigidly fixed to post upper part. In compliance with second version, holder rotates around fixed post, while aforesaid bracket translates along the latter. In compliance with third version, holder is rigidly fixed, while cover holder is mounted to rotate and translate relative to hollow post. In compliance with second and third versions, pipeline connecting high-pressure gas source to barrels-compressors is furnished with flexible linkage.

EFFECT: simplified design and operation.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: thermocompression device comprises high-pressure gas source connected to barrels-compressors and device for temperature cycling of the latter. The latter device represents a set of different-temperature vessels with identical necks fixed onto holder. The latter is mounted to rotate and translate relative to hollow post. Proposed device additionally comprises rotary mechanism with its rope having one end fixed at the center of gravity of aforesaid holder. Other end of aforesaid rope is passed through pulley to be fastened to counterweight located inside hollow post. Said pulley seats on sliding thrust ball bearing, at the post upper part. Said counterweight moves along the post. Bracket with cover is rigidly fixed to post upper part. Barrels-compressors are suspended to aforesaid cover. Cover sizes correspond to neck sizes. Distance between lengthwise axes of different-temperature vessels and hollow post axes, and between cover axis and hollow post axis are equal.

EFFECT: simplified device and operation.

1 dwg

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