Desalting complex

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: desalting complex comprises desalting glass houses with vegetation pipes and helicopter platform for supplying said desalting glass houses with seafood. Complex incorporates also artesian sector and desalting ponds wherein pond desalters are mounted. Helicopter platform is arranged on water tower intended for accumulation, storage and distribution of sweet water. Note here that pond desalters are provided with power accumulators supplied from two-layer transformable solar panel arranged there above. Note also that pond desalters are furnished with the section that operates on freezing principle and the solar desalting section. Solar panel can increase its surface area in cold seasons via overlaying solar desalter glassing by panel top layer. Pond desalter section that operates on freezing principle is furnished with laser unit supplied by storage battery. Laser unit can actuate jet pumps that feed fluid coolant and mix of crystal ice with brine by directing alternating laser beams through rotary mirror onto light sensitive plates.

EFFECT: better ecology.

2 cl, 22 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for desalination of water and is intended for use in arid and other areas where there is a shortage of fresh water.

Known greenhouse complex for desalination, which combined the functions of the desalination plant growth and electricity production, disclosed in the patent RU 2185052 C2, 20.07.2002.

However, in this complex there are shortcomings. In particular, it is not considered the possibility of excessive plant growth, which may require a significant increase in the diameter of the growing tubes corresponding to the height of the plants, and consequently, increases the heated volume of the device. Not considered here are of different chemical composition extracted from different horizons of salt water, as well as issues of disposal of brine remaining in the desalination of water.

The objective of the invention is the creation of a desalination complex, which will improve the environment by reducing energy costs.

The technical result is ensured by the fact that desalination complex, including greenhouse-Watermaker with vegetation pipes and a platform for helicopters to supply greenhouses-stills seafood, supplied with artesian sector and desalination ponds that have fish Watermaker, and a heliport issue is Lana on the water tower for storage, storage and distribution of fresh water in this pond stills are equipped with accumulators, powered by transforming two-layer solar panel installed over them, and cover operating using the method of freezing, and the compartment of solar desalination, this solar panel is made with the possibility of increasing its surface in the cold season by covering its top layer glazing solar water distiller, and Bay pond desalination plant operating according to the method of freezing, equipped with a laser installation, powered by a battery and is configured to actuate the jet pumps that supply the desalination plant and liquid refrigerant, and a mixture of crystalloid with brine by directions alternating laser beams through the rotary mirror on the photosensitive plate. In addition, vegetation pipe greenhouses-stills-equipped wheels with holes to control the growth of plants in the right direction, driven in rotational motion from the photosensitive plates, periodic bending and straightening is performed by sending their beams from the laser devices are installed on shower trays on ball joints.

Desalination complex shown on the drawings.

Figure 1 presents a plan desalination complex; figure 2 - incision complex along a-a in figure 1; figure 3 is a plan of the greenhouse-Watermaker-level C-C in figure 4; figure 4 is a cut greenhouse-desalination plant at b-b In figure 3; figure 5 is a plan vegetation pipe greenhouse-Watermaker; figure 6 is a longitudinal section of the vegetation pipe figure 5; figure 7 is a fragment of a longitudinal section of figure 6; Fig plan fragment at the level of D-D of figure 7; figure 9 - diagram of the interaction between the laser and mirror section 7 and plan on pig on the stage of entering plants in the area shower installation and extension of communication between plants; figure 10 is the same, the step of incorporating a shower installation; figure 11 is the same, at the stage of heating the flexible plate; Fig the same, at the stage of cooling of the flexible plate; Fig the same on stage vyhozhdeniya plants from the area of the shower installation; Fig is the same, the step of incorporating the nozzle of the gas mixture; Fig flexible plate in a vertical position; Fig - same when treating the plate with a laser beam; Fig diagram of the interaction of the laser beam and wheels beneath the translucent tray plants; Fig - General view of pond water distiller (axonometric view, partially cut); on Fig diagram of the interaction between the laser and jet pump; Fig - layout wheels between the laser and the Rast is receiving (axonometric view); on Fig diagram gradual tightening sprout; Fig - sectional view of a side of the hard pallet (fragment).

Desalination complex includes water tower 1, greenhouses-stills 2, desalination ponds 3 located on them prudovyi the Watermaker 4, artesian sector 5, the energy sector 6, nursery seafood 7, and it may include a processing plant brine 8, resort and recreation sector 9 and the agro-industrial sector 10. Greenhouses stills contain vegetation and rearing tower 11 includes spaced one above the other hemisphere 12, the surface of which a spiral stacked translucent ring pipe 13, within which is placed the vegetation of the pipe 14.

Inside the vegetation pipes 14 are laid conveyors with plants 15 laid in elastic mesh 16 installed in the holders 17, United telescopic connections 18. Vegetation pipe 14 are equipped with shower units 19 and 20 pallets on which is mounted laser system 21 on ball joints 22, a rotary mirror 23, and the vertical axis of the shower installation is a rod 24, to the base of which is attached a flexible two-layer plate 25, which includes a photosensitive polymer material. On the upper part of the rod the wheel set 26 with holes 27. Plants 15 installation is Lena root up their irrigation nutrient solution from the shower installation there photocells 28, triggered after exposure to the laser beam 29 from the laser unit 21 via the mirror 23. After watering the plants roots fanned out of the gas nozzle 30, which includes a photocell 28. Under the plant in the elastic grid 16 has a hard translucent tray 31 that holds the plant within a spiral shape. On the bottom plane of the wheel 26 mounted pins 32, hitting about which raspryamlyaetsya plate 25 causes the wheel 26 into rotational motion.

The plate 25 is made with two layers, each layer of which includes an anisotropic polymer light-sensitive material, having a thermal coefficient of linear expansion. Because both layers are mounted on a single base 33 and fastened together, exposed to the rays 29 of the laser unit 21 and the plate reacts to this effect by changing the size and bimorph deformation (Fig). On Fig shows a perspective view of the placement of the interacting laser beam 29 of the plate 25, the wheels 26 and sprout plants 15.

7-14 shows the individual stages of the plants under the shower installation 19, the step of lengthening the connection 18 between the plants, the step of incorporating a shower fitting 19, the heating of the flexible plate 25, the cooling plate, the inclusion of a shower installation and blowing the roots of plants from sopla.

Installed in the complex pond stills, each of which 4 includes a freezing compartment 34, Bay solar greenhouse desalination 35, separated by insulating wall 36, and two-layer solar panel 37. Produly the Watermaker installed in desalination pond 3 and loaded on level 38, allowing salt water from the pond, entering through the intake funnel 39 to go in the compartment 34, while in the freezing compartment 34 salt water is mixed in the reactor 40 with refrigerant (butane, isobutane or freon), which is practically insoluble in water and which is fed from the compressor 41. Water, turning into crystalloid mixed with the brine, is fed into the separation column 42, where the separation of water on the ice and the brine which flows into the heat exchanger 43, and then through recolored 44 is displayed outside of pond water distiller. The ice remaining in the separation column 42, by means of the conveyor 45 is applied to the capacitor 46, which has pravilnik 47 and then, turning to fresh water, through the water compartment of the heat exchanger 43 is supplied to the water supply of fresh water 48 and displayed outside of pond water distiller 4. In the same compartment 34 has a battery 49, which supplies electricity to the solar panel 37. In turn, the battery 49 supplies power to the installed laser here is the situation 50, the beam from which, falling on the rotary mirror with transformer 51, mounted on the hinge 52 is directed alternately to the platform 53, coated with light sensitive material jet pump 54, the feed mixture crystalloid with brine in the separation column 42 and then on the same platform pump 55 of the same type, the feed boiling liquid refrigerant.

In the Bay solar water distiller 35 salt water enters through the intake funnel 56 in the trough-shaped tray 57, covered in dark paint. The water evaporates, condenses on the surface of the glass roof 58, then flowing down into the drainage trough 59, falls into the General water supply of fresh water 48, and the remaining at the bottom of the tray brine through the ladder 60 enters the General recolored 44 and is removed from pond water distiller.

On Fig shows the interaction between the pulsed laser beam 29 and jet pump 54, which includes the space 53 of the anisotropic two-layer photosensitive material, whereby the pump is able to pump water from the cavity 61 to the outlet 62 through the pipes, which, like the rest of the pipe, equipped with shutoff valves, the operation of which may be governed by ASA (not shown), which is located at the base of the tower 1.

The right direction and height of the plants provide as follows.

the ri the rotation of the wheel 26, the light from the laser beam falls on the plant through the hole 27A in the wheel and the plant is bent in the direction of the light in accordance with its brightness, at this plant, striving for the light in the direction of the laser beam 29 (item I on Fig), stumbles upon a hard translucent tray having a flange 64, is made to avoid damage to the grid 16 oval (Fig and position II Fig ), to overcome which he can't. Upon further rotation of the wheel 26, the beam of light is shown through the following hole 276 and sprout turns on the tray 31 in the direction opposite to the circular motion of the wheels 26 (Fig and POS Fig), and change in the future, this trend does not give to him the hard side (.IV Fig). In subsequent sprout continues to grow in this direction, curving along side 64 of the pallet along the circumference on the bottom of the pallet, moving from side to the inside of the pallet previous branch plants, gradually twisting it into a spiral (Fig).

1. Desalination complex, including greenhouse-Watermaker with vegetation pipes and a platform for helicopters to supply greenhouses-stills seafood, characterized in that it has an artesian sector and desalination ponds that have fish Watermaker, and a platform for helicopters performed on the water tower for the accumulation, storage, and distribution of fresh water in this pond stills are equipped with accumulators, powered by transforming two-layer solar pan is whether, installed over them, and cover operating using the method of freezing, and the compartment of solar desalination, this solar panel is made with the possibility of increasing its surface in the cold season by covering its top layer glazing solar water distiller, and Bay pond desalination plant operating according to the method of freezing, equipped with a laser installation, powered by a battery and is configured to actuate the jet pumps that supply the desalination plant and liquid refrigerant, and a mixture of crystalloid with brine by sending alternating laser beams through the rotary mirror on the photosensitive plate.

2. Desalination complex according to claim 1, characterized in that the vegetation pipe greenhouses-stills-equipped wheels with holes to control the growth of plants in the right direction, driven in rotational motion from the photosensitive plates, periodic bending and straightening is performed by sending their beams from the laser devices are installed on shower trays on ball joints.



 

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