Device for packing fluid or free-running products

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to a device for packaging fluid or free-running product in sleeve-type cover. The device (100) contains a packing tube connected to the packing device (120) for conducting product flow from the packing device to the sealing equipment device (200) for the packaging cover, which has a joining (122), a neck (130), adjacent to the joining (122) basically, a straight first segment (124) with the first longitudinal axis (132) and the second segment (128) adjacent to the neck (130), connected to the first segment (124). The first segment (124) is designed to accommodate and maintain tubular sheeting at its outer periphery supplied in the form of film strips and molded around it. The second segment (128) is designed for further conduct of tubular sheeting molded from film strip or for placing and conduct of reserve sleeve-type cover previously worn on it from the side of the neck (130). The packing pipe (120) up to the stream contains a rotational bearing support (140) beside the first segment (124) around the first longitudinal axis (132), and between the first (124) and second (128) segments, at least one mechanism (126) of direction change.

EFFECT: facilitating in use and design simplification of the device.

18 cl, 15 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for packaging flowable or granular product in bag packing shell (abbreviated: sleeve shell)containing connected to the filling device, the filling pipe for conducting the flow of product from the filling device to the sealing device for a packaging wrapper, which has a connection neck adjacent to the accession, mostly straight first segment with the first longitudinal axis and adjacent neck associated with the first segment of the second segment, the first segment is designed to accommodate and maintain at its outer periphery is supplied in the form of a film tape and molded around him film sleeves as packaging shell, and the second segment is intended to conduct further molded from plastic tape film sleeves or for hosting and conducting pre-worn from the neck stock bag packaging shell.

The product, as it is known, by means of filling device placed by joining under pressure into the filling pipe and transported or send it to the sealing device. On the outer side of the filling pipe carries and directs the tubular shell to the sealing device. Located near the sealing condition the device cap product comes out of the filling pipe and fills the tubular shell, pre-gripped at one end of the closing brace. On reaching the set or desired value of the portion of the sealing device separates the filled tubular casing, constricting her by pinching elements locally in the beam, resulting sausage. In the area of the beam and then through the clamping tools (die and punch) around the tubular shell put, as a rule, two axially offset clamping brackets and clamp them. After this tubular sheath can be cut with a knife between the two clamping elements.

It is also known that necessary for the production of sausages or similar portions of the packaging bag shell is made using continuous or intermittent heat seal molded in tubular membrane film tape longitudinal seam by thermo-sealing device. From EP 0908103 A1 is known, for example, the method of heat sealing in which the film strip through the feed drive is first pulled by deforming device (forming a triangle), and then through thermo-sealing device. Forming the triangle covers the filling pipe at the periphery and axial stretch and deform the film tape around the filling pipe so that its longitudinal edges are adjacent to each other or butt or overlap. These longitudinal is romky with adjacent thermo-sealing device in the case of overlapping interconnected directly and in the case of joint - through imposed on both longitudinal edges heat-sealed tape. Under the sealing should be understood as any type (one-piece) connection of the two longitudinal edges of the film tape, which fall, for example, welding is the preferred method of connection and bonding, etc.

Educated quasiresonant film sleeve is transported by means of actuators filing down the stream segment on filling the pipe on which the film sleeve harmonisierte homerooms in the form of stock. Supply is necessary if the process of filling occurs periodically, and the process of heat sealing is continuously or periodically, but in any case, slower than the process of packing, and, thereby, is caused by the popping of the product removing film sleeves with a filling pipe.

Known other heat devices that do not require feed drive, as there is no accumulation of stock film sleeves. These devices film sleeve termosvarivajutsja synchronously with the process of filling in the pauses during filling. During the filling film sleeve pull directly due to the ejection of the product and the process of heat sealing interrupt.

Even more it has long been known that it is necessary for the production of sausages bag shell (manually) put on packing is the Ruba from the side of the neck, for example, harmonisierte corrugated, pre-made stock. From this stock against the friction force of the so-called brake ring delay device by pulling the product off the desired length of the tubular sheath. If the stock is used up, it needs to be updated. For this purpose the filling pipe throw back from her work or filling position, to release the neck to put on a new stock. This type of equipment filling pipe material bag shell still finds application, for example, when you use natural gut or in the case of manufacturing small batches of sausage alternating caliber, when continuous manufacturing of a sleeve of film tape unprofitable.

It is desirable to have a device for the packaging of flowable product in the bag packaging shell, which in the first mode of operation provides for the production of quasiresonance packaging shell (automatic operation mode), and in the second mode of operation (manual) removal of stock packaging bag shell (manual mode). Such a device, as already mentioned, it is known from US 2005/0053699 A1. It contains the first filling pipe for the first mode, in which the first segment takes place inside the body heat of the device. Above this is m first segment of a filling tube film tape is deformed in film sleeve and termosvarivajutsja. The second section of the filling pipe shall be issued for a specific pipe from welding or thermo-sealing device and sends the as-formed film sleeve, and transported inside the filling pipe product to located from the mouth of the sealing device.

The first filling pipe Rethimno is located on the body heat of the device and can be replaced for the second mode of operation the second filling pipe. The second filling pipe consists of a first segment passing through the body is inactive in the second mode of operation of thermo-sealing device. The second filling pipe has a second length, preplechovany to the first segment outside of the housing. The second section includes ball joint and executed at the expense of this can be rotated relative to the first segment. The second section of the second filling pipe has a length corresponding to the second segment of the first filling pipe. If the second segment of the second filling pipe ends in the area of the sealing device (operating position of the second filling pipe, the first and second segments are coaxially aligned. This ensures that the distance and position of the filling, heat and sealing devices will not change when switching to another mode. When pivoting the second segment of the Torah filling pipe from the working position it in the tilted position can be fitted from the side of the neck manually reserve tubular shell. Then the filling pipe turn back again in the working position near the sealing device.

The present invention is a device of the above kind, which would be easier and simpler in design.

This problem is solved in a device of the above kind due to the fact that the filling pipe upstream contains before the first segment of a rotational support around a first longitudinal axis and between the first and second segments is at least one mechanism to change the direction.

According to the invention, in contrast, is known from US 2005/0053699 A1 device, the same filling pipe can be operated either together with thermo-sealing device in the first mode or (manually) with the possibility of equipping the second mode. In the first mode of operation, the film strip is fed to the area of the first segment of the filling pipe is deformed in film sleeve and termosvarivajutsja. Endless film sleeve then send along the first segment and the second segment to the neck and the adjacent sealing device.

If you should go on manual equipment filling pipe tubular film stock and/or mesh material, the rotational bearing filling pipe provides the ability to rotate the entire filling pipe around-ear, closed the g first longitudinal axis of the first segment, resulting in the second period due to the mechanism of changes of direction, which is in contrast to the second filling pipe of the known device is permanent and non, leaning back from the area adjacent the sealing device, i.e. from its operating position to the placement position of the stock. Thus, the stock bag packaging sheath can be worn from the neck in the second period, after which the filling pipe can be fully rotated back around to the longitudinal axis of the first segment into position.

The device according to the invention, provides, thus, the transition from supply quasiresonance film sleeve for manual equipment packaging material (packaging sheath and/or mesh material) without the need for a full or partial replacement or dismantling of the filling pipe. The use of a single universal filling pipe facilitates handling of the device and makes unnecessary the use of a ball joint for tilting the site filling pipe.

The mechanism for changing the direction is constant in contrast to the second filling pipe of the known device. Thanks to all filling pipe comprising first and second segments may be performed preferably for one CE is th. This option has the benefit of increased self-stability of the filling pipe and at the same time cost-effective manufacture by bending a straight pipe.

In one easy visitors embodiment, the second section of the filling tube is made mostly straight and has a second longitudinal axis, which concludes with the first longitudinal axis of the first segment angle is less than 180. Both axes are, in other words, not parallel, which described the constant change of direction.

In another embodiment, in which the second section of the filling pipe, mainly direct and has a second longitudinal axis, the first and second segments are connected by an intermediate segment so that the first and second longitudinal axes are, however, in parallel, but at a distance from each other. In this case, the filling pipe has, in General, two changes of direction, namely one between the first and intermediate segments, and the second is between the intermediate and second segments. This option has the advantage that heat the device, on the one hand, and adjacent to the filling pipe sealing device, on the other hand, can be oriented parallel to each other, unlike that in case the above option because of the angle between the first and second segments have to provide the angle between the two devices It provides other installation and orientation devices, thanks for the user there is a greater variety divide the room.

In one preferred embodiment, the device comprises at least partially covering the filling pipe in the zone of the second cut setmaterial with the current around the first longitudinal axis of the rotational support of setmaterial.

Some sausages in addition to bag shell surrounded in order to stabilize or externally-aesthetic reasons net. For its production simultaneously with the removal of the tubular shell with a filling pipe in the filling process with external holder off the grid. These method and the device are in themselves known. They may not be, however, combined with a tilting filling tube and even more with the device known from US 2005/0053699 A1 type.

The invention assists due to the location of setmaterial working around the first longitudinal axis of the rotational support. This independent aspect of the invention provides a rotary movement around the same axis of rotation, around which turn also packing a pipe. Although the second period because of the change (s) direction makes a turning movement, at least partially covering this segment of setmaterial repeats this rotary movement and does not require complete removal, for example, PR is pivoted to the position of the accommodation stock. This ensures that the equipment setmaterial nets and flow nets in both modes.

The rotational bearing filling pipe preferably implemented due to the fact that the device comprises a supporting structure, which is the first element of the rotational support a filling pipe, the latter being made with the possibility of connection with the second rotational element bearings.

Filling pipe has in one preferred implementation of lying upstream before the first cut and coax him to the ledge, made with the possibility of inserting in the first rotational element supports a filling tube and a detachable connection by means of the clamp with the second rotational element bearings. Due to this filling pipe can be easily disassembled, for example for maintenance or cleaning, and then re-installed.

The ledge filling pipe preferably on the outer periphery sealed from the first element of a hinge joint. This prevents the penetration into rotational support packaging tube product, usually directed under pressure from the filling device into the filling pipe.

Preferably, if the first rotational element supports filling pipe has a flange for connection with tusovochnym device. In this case, the rotational bearing packing the pipe and attaching a filling pipe are combined in one element.

In one preferred improvement of the filling pipe covers in the area of the first segment forming a triangle for the deformation of the supplied film tape film sleeve, so that the longitudinal edges of the film tape are placed next to each other, and contains located in the area of the first segment downstream for deforming device welding or thermo-sealing device for welding or heat sealing the adjacent after deformation of the longitudinal edges along the filling pipe. Thus the longitudinal edges of the film tape are placed back to back, and then connect them by means of additional heat-sealed tape, or are overlapped and their termosvarivajutsja directly between themselves.

Preferably welding or thermo-sealing device has an enveloping casing, which forms at the same time, the load-bearing structure of the rotational support a filling pipe, and the first rotational element supports filling pipe passes through the casing, i.e. acts. Due to this, the flange for connection with tusovochnym device is freely accessible from the outside without opening the enclosure.

The filling pipe in another preferred variant of the invention, the support in the area of the first segment downstream for thermo-sealing device through at least the underwater body roll. Due to this rotational bearing filling pipe partially relieved due to the length of the filling pipe of the moment.

Preferably the filling pipe, supporting her with an angular offset of effect, at least two rolling elements. Thus, the filling pipe additionally direct that reduces operating on its rotational support moments.

Rolling element is preferably installed with the possibility of rotation around the axes made, in turn, can be rotated between a first position with a V-shaped installation perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis of the first segment of the filling pipe and a second position parallel to the first longitudinal axis of the first segment of the filling pipe.

In the first operation mode, in which quasiresonant film sleeve guide on the first segment filling pipe, the vertical orientation of the axes of the rolling elements relative to the longitudinal axis of the first segment of the filling pipe ensures that extend between the rolling elements and a filling tube film sleeve is not experiencing friction resistance on the body rolling. In the second operation mode, in which supply bag packaging film only wear side of cap to the second section of the filling pipe, a sleeve shell does not come into contact with the rolling bodies. The axis of the rolling bodies could the t be so oriented parallel to the first longitudinal axis of the first segment of the filling pipe, that ensures the rotation of the filling tube around the first longitudinal axis almost without friction.

The device preferably contains a drive for rotation of the filling tube around the first longitudinal axis containing a drive motor connected to the first segment of a first gear element and associated with engine-driven second gear element.

The first gear element can be formed, for example, a ring gear in mesh with which is connected with the driving motor, the worm as a second gear element. The drive motor is in this case, for example, by an electric motor. If the drive motor is, for example, a hydraulic cylinder-piston unit, the second transmission element can be made in the form of interacting with a toothed crown gear rack.

Other objectives, features and advantages of the invention are explained in more detail by the example of its implementation with the help of the drawings, which depict:

- figure 1: top view of the first variant of the device according to the invention, with a curved filling pipe;

- figure 2: top view of the second variant of the device according to the invention, with offset segments filling pipe;

- figure 3: side view of the device of figure 2;

- figure 4: broken detailed view of the zone of connection of rotations is considerable support a filling pipe in the first embodiment;

- figure 5: broken detailed view of the zone of connection with the rotational support a filling pipe in the second embodiment;

- 6: top view of the third variant of the device according to the invention, with a curved filling pipe and secterianism;

- 7: top view of the fragment of the second segment of the filling pipe with secterianism in version of figure 6;

- figa, 8B: two detailed view of the rotational bearing setmaterial in version of figure 6;

- figure 9: detailed view of the first segment of the filling pipe with a support and a manual actuator for rotation of the filling pipe;

- figa, 10V: two detailed view of a support filling pipe in the area of the first segment in the version of figure 9 with the inner side of the casing;

- figa, 11B: two detailed view of a manual version of the drive for rotation of the filling tube of figure 9 with the front side;

- Fig: detailed types of engine options drive for rotation of the filling tube from the front side.

In the drawings the same parts are denoted by the same reference items and modified items, mostly with the same functions, the same reference positions with the apostrophe.

Figure 1 in the top view depicts a system for packaging flowable or granular product in bag packaging shell, containing, on the one hand, the device 100, according to the invention, on the other hand podklyucheno the side of the neck of the sealing device 200 for separating and sealing the filled product is portioned packaging or sausage.

The device 100 includes a casing 110, including thermo-sealing device (not shown), deforming device or forming a triangle 116 to deform the film tape film sleeve 118 and the transport device 142 in the form of two conveyor belts 142, 143 to promote termosvarenny film sleeve 118 in automatic mode. For explanation of thermo-sealing device, reference should be made to the description of figure 2. The device 100 contains further filling tube 120, which contains connection 122, passing inside the casing 110 of the first segment 124, the mechanism 126 changing the direction, passing out of the casing 110 of the second segment 128 and located at the end of the second segment 128 the neck 130. Filling tube 120 has a solid round hollow profile, the width of the light which provides transportation of product from the United side attaching a filling device (not shown) to the mouth 130. The direction of flow of the product is indicated on the side of accession by the arrow 131.

The first segment 124 filling the pipe is straight, its Central or longitudinal axis denoted by the dash-dotted line 132. The second segment 128 passes rectilinearly, its Central or longitudinal axis denoted by the dash-dotted line 134. Both the longitudinal axis 132, 134, respectively, of the first 124 and second 128 segments pass the t are not parallel, and intersect in the area of mechanism 126 changing the direction and sign of the angle 136 is less than 180. In the depicted example, the angle is about 172. Due to this, connected to the filling tube 120 from the side of the neck of the sealing device 200 is located at an angle of about 8 to the device 100, so that the plane 210 of the action of the sealing device 200, in which moving the pinching elements for perimene filled tubular casing and clamping tools for applying and clamping clamping brackets around the tubular shell is perpendicular to the second longitudinal axis 134.

In the zone 122 joining up the stream before the first segment 124 filling pipe has rotational bearing 140. The rotational bearing 140 filling the pipe is located and fixed on the outer side of the casing 110, as explained in more detail with reference to figure 5. She radial supports the filling tube 120, providing, thus, the rotation of the entire filling tube 120 around the first longitudinal axis 132. Due to such rotation of the second segment 128 filling pipe is rotated from marked by a solid line working position indicated in double dash-and-dot line position 138 of accommodation stock.

In the position of the accommodation stock neck 130 of the second segment 128 filling pipe is freely available, and, for example, with the last in stock folds 139 tubular packaging casings and/or mesh material can be placed by hand on the end of the second segment 128 filling pipe from the side of the neck. For this to happen rotary motion (not shown) by 180 around the first longitudinal axis. Depending on the availability of enough space is also a rotary motion of less than 180 or required rotary movement of more than 180. Depending on the availability of seats swivel movement can occur on the choice of clockwise or counterclockwise. After installation of the second segment 128 filling pipe all filling tube 120 can be rotated back to its operating position, and initiated or continued the production of sausages.

On the opposite rotational support 140 side of the casing 110 filling tube 120 for discharging the rotational bearing 140 is based in the area of the first segment 124 on the support 260. This is described in more detail with reference to figure 10.

Filling tube 120 downstream for support 145 is their first leg 124 of the housing 110. To seal the casing from the filling tube 120 provides cover 149, explain in more detail with reference to Fig.9. Cover needed in manual mode to prevent the ingress of water into the casing 110 thermo-sealing device.

Further down stream in the area of the first segment 124 is arm 240 for manual rotation of the filling tube 120 around the first longitudinal axis 132. This is described in more detail with reference to figures 9 and 11.

Figure 2 shows a top view of the other exemplary embodiment of the device 100' and the adjacent downstream of the sealing device 200. In contrast to the first exemplary embodiment in figure 1 filling tube 120' contains between its first 124' and the second 128' cuts two mechanisms 150, 152 changing direction, between which the intermediate segment 154 connects the first segment 124' with the second segment 128'. The first 124' and the second 128' segments are parallel to the longitudinal axis 132', 134', respectively, which in the shown operating position displaced with respect to each other in the horizontal direction, i.e. in the plane of the drawing. Due to this possible orientation of the sealing device 200 in the plane 210 of his actions, which move the pinching elements and clamping tools, perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 134' of the second segment 128' and thus generally parallel to the neck 130'. Due to the rotation of the filling tube 120' around her first longitudinal axis 132' intermediate 154 and the second 128' segments turn out marked by a solid line working position indicated in double dash-and-dot line position 128' placement of stock, in which the end 130' of the second segment 128' from the side of the neck, as in the first example, freely available for handheld equipment stock packaging shell.

The latter is depicted in figure 2 automatic mode, however, is not required. Continuous production of tubular causes another Otley who s the one shown in figure 1 of the example, namely, that for sealing the casing cover is not provided, because otherwise it would interfere with the transportation of the film sleeve at the outlet of the casing 110.

Also in the device 100' figure 2 is missing the handle for rotation of the filling pipe. The rotation is carried out in this device by a motor actuator 180. Also why both are different then the location of the rotational bearing. In the device 100' figure 2 rotational bearing 140' is not outside, but inside the casing 110.

It provides, first, a more compact construction, and, secondly, a motor actuator 180 may be thus integrated into the casing 110 and, thus, protected. The details of the rotational support is depicted in figure 4, and drive - on Fig and described in the corresponding description.

In figure 3, the device 100' of figure 2 is depicted in the side view. Filling tube 120' is in its operating position. On the side view is not visible mechanism for changing the direction of the filling tube 120', i.e. it lies completely in the horizontal plane perpendicular to the plane of figure 3 (see figure 2).

The housing 110 of the device 100' includes in addition to forming a triangle 116 and the transport device 142 of Fig 1 and 2 already mentioned thermo-sealing device 112 and the coil 114 with a stock film tape 115. The latter serves for forming the triangle 116, and at what redstem it deform in film sleeve 118 with lying next to each other of the longitudinal edges. Then the longitudinal edges termosvarivajutsja with thermo-sealing device 112, simplistically depicted in the form of a welding beam, causing the sleeve is closed. For this purpose, the welding beam 112 is pressed in the zone lying next to each other longitudinal edge of the film tape 115 or haven't closed film sleeve 118. Filling tube 120 forms for this purpose in the area of its first segment 124 of the arrester.

Film sleeve 118 continuously stretch through conveyor belts 142, 143 from under the welding beam 112 to the film in the zone of the weld is not melted.

As the welding process proceeds in this case continuously and filling processes, departments and sealing side of the sealing device 200 periodically, a crowd of 144 stock material tubular film. Know the definition of the volume of the stock sensors and turns on or off, thus, the necessity of welding or thermo-sealing device.

Alternatively depicts the continuous production of tubular process of heat sealing may also occur simultaneously with the filling processes, separation and sealing. For this welding beam 112 may rise, for example, also in the quantum sealing of the longitudinal edges of the film material tape to interrupt the process with the arch, and again descend to continue the welding process.

Figure 4 shows a fragment of the device in the zone of joining 122 or rotational bearing 140 filling the pipe. Connection 122 is oriented coaxially to the first segment 124 and connected with it, for example, by a welded joint ledge 156 of larger external diameter, but mostly the same internal diameter, so as not to change the flow area compared to the first segment 124. Using different filling pipes, for example for different calibers sausages, the ledge is aimed at maintaining the same external diameter to remain compatible with the same rotational support 140.

The rotational bearing 140 filling pipe consists mainly of the first element 158 is connected to the casing thermo-sealing device or, more precisely, with the wall 110' of the casing, and the second element 160 is mounted rotatably relative to the first element 158 and the connection with the filling tube 120. The first element 158 prepracovan through flange 159 to the wall 110' of the casing directly to the outside, allowing the casing 110 forms a supporting structure for rotational support. The second element 160 in the example in figure 4 is installed by means of two bearings 162, 162 rolling radially on the first element 158. The second element 160 and Podshipnik rolling within the casing or more specifically, on the inner side wall 110' of the casing.

Filling tube 120 is inserted ledge 156 in the first element 158 rotational bearing and sealing surface 164 is sealed on the outer periphery of him through two rings 166, 167 round section seal, so that a rotary bearing 140 filling the pipe could not penetrate the product, usually supplied under pressure from the filling device into the filling pipe. Next, the filling tube 120 on its ledge 156 Rethimno connected through a clutch element 168 to the second element 160 rotational connection 140. With the weakening of the clamp filling tube can be axially extracted from the first element 158 rotational connection 140 and removed for maintenance or cleaning.

On the outside of the casing 110 on the first element 158 rotational bearing 140 is located flange 170 to connect with upstream tusovochnym device (not shown). Filling device comprises, as is known, the pump extruder to supply product in direction 131. The flange contains consistent with tusovochnym device cap nut 172 which by means of pagnutti 174 in the first element 158 and a split retaining ring 176 is connected without decay with rotational support 140 filling the pipe.

Rotational movement of the filling pipe is 120 around the axis 132 of the first segment 124 create with motor actuator 180. The actuator includes a linear drive motor 182 for pneumatic or hydraulic cylinder-piston Assembly.

The piston is fixed toothed rack 184, which transmits the linear motion of the piston connected with the second element 160 rotational bearing 140 gear 168 and, thus, on the filling tube 120 (Fig). Instead of a linear drive motor may also be provided, for example, the drive rotation, which transmits rotation of the engine through a gear (worm gear or flexible connection) to the second element 160.

Alternatively, the rotational support figure 4 in the example in figure 5 the first element 158' by a flange 159' prepracovan to the wall 110' of the casing on the outer side away from her through the spacer sleeve 192. The length of the spacer sleeve 192 is selected so that the second element 160' together with bearings 162', 163' rolling is installed on an external side wall 110' of the casing in the first element 158'.

Further alternatively, depicted in figure 4 pneumaturia the actuator as the actuator for manual rotation of the filling tube 120' provides simple arm 194. Arm 194 acts differently than in the example in figure 1, the first segment 124, and directly on the second element 160' rotational bearings 140 and directed outward through the slot 196 in remote stulce.

Figure 6 depicts a top view of the third variant of the device 100, which, basically, is similar to the device of figure 1 and contains additional setmaterial 220. Setmaterial made tubular and comprises a second bent segment 128" filling pipe coaxially almost to the end side of the neck. It is installed rotatably with him around the first longitudinal axis 132". For this purpose, setmaterial 220 is installed on the current around the first longitudinal axis 132" rotational bearing 222 (Fig.7 and 8).

On the front end near the neck 130" second segment 128" filling the pipe is supported in its operating position the second support 250. This support 250 includes cylindropuntia body 252, 253 rolling elements, which are offset by the angle under the second longitudinal axis 134 with the possibility of rotation around the axes oriented with a V-shaped installation perpendicular to the second longitudinal axis 134". Thus, extending along the segment 128" film sleeve and/or discontinued setmaterial 220 mesh causes rotation of the bodies 252 rolling and, at least, there does not cause additional friction. The frictional resistance occurs only along the outer wall of the filling pipe where the body 252 of the rolling support it.

The rotational bearing 222 on figa, 8B contains connected with secterianism 20, in this case welded to the supporting disk 224 and three reference-guide roller 226, 227, 228. The direction of the longitudinal extent of setmaterial 220 coincides shown in operating position with the second longitudinal axis 134" filling the pipe 120, i.e. setmaterial 220 is set in this example at an angle of 8 to the vertical to the supporting disc 224.

The reference disk 224 is in the axial direction in the area of the first segment 128" filling the pipe. Reference-guide rollers 226, 227, 228 is connected to the sidewall 110' of the casing thermo-sealing device so that the prescribed them in the reference disk 224 is oriented perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis 132". As a result, setmaterial 220 performs a rotary movement around the same axis of rotation, around which also turns filling pipe 120". Upper bearing-pulley 228 is located on the lever 230, articulated with the wall 110' of the casing can be rotated around the axis 232. When the pivot arm 232 upper bearing-pulley 228 frees the reference disk 224, so that setmaterial 220, when it is not needed, can be lifted up from the device 100 to replace the grid, or for maintenance or cleaning. This is also possible when mounted filling pipe 120".

Setmaterial 220 in this example itself is not active, and is captured due to the rotary movement of the FAS the adjustment pipe 120". In order to setmaterial in the final provisions of the filling pipe, in the working position near the sealing device in the tilted position of the accommodation stock was focused on it, on the wall 110' casing provides persistent block 234, and the supporting disk 224 - two corresponding thrust finger 236, 238. They interact with the stop backing plate 234 in the position in which setmaterial 220 respectively oriented horizontally.

Setmaterial need not be tubular. For example, can also be used in an open frame design with multiple passes along the second segment of the filling pipe braces, etc. is Crucial to the retention of the mesh, if possible, the contact on the second segment 128 and sent him tubular sheath or tubular stock shell.

Figure 9 detail shows a variant of figure 1 in the passage area of the first segment 124 filling pipe through the wall 110' housing with support 260, hand lever or arm 240 for rotation of the filling tube 120 and the cover 149. Filling his pipe first segment 124 is on the opposite rotational bearing side of the casing 110 through the opening 148 in the wall 110'. In the direction 131 of the flow behind the hole 148 to the wall 110' casing prihlasovani cover 149 for sealing holes 148 is t filling tube 120, sealing the enclosure against ingress of water or the like, the Sealing is carried out with the use of wearing manually reserve 139 sleeves, which before treatment usually moisturize, i.e. in manual mode. Cover 149 is flexible, koltseobrazno envelope gasket 147, which is on the outer periphery adjacent to the filling tube 120 in the area of the first segment 124 and provides, thereby, removing the filling tube 120 of the cover.

For unloading the rotational bearing 140 filling the pipe in the area of its first segment 124 is also on the opposite rotational support-side housing 110 is bearing 260 with two supporting the filling tube 120 tel 262, 264 rolling. Bearing 260 is fixed on the inner side of the enclosure on the wall 110'.

As will be seen from the two detailed views figa, 10V, cylindropuntia body 262, 264 rolling offset angle is placed under longitudinal axis of the filling tube 120 on the first leg and perpendicular V-shape to it. Body 262, 264 roller mounted to rotate between two positions relative to the longitudinal axis of the filling tube in such a way that their axis 266, 268 of rotation can be oriented on the choice of parallel or perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis. For this purpose, the body 262, 264 raceway is installed in a separate dolicocephalic 270, 272, which, in turn, mounted for rotation around the axis of rotation in the bearing body 274 and converge radially perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis of the filling pipe 120. With the help of the clamping arms 276, 278 dolicocephaly 270, 272 and, thereby, their axis 266, 268 of rotation may be fixed in the respectively desired angular positions.

Angular position with parallel axes 266, 268 rotation (figa) is chosen in the first manual mode. Body 262, 264 rolling render the rotation of the filling tube 120 around the first longitudinal axis 132 only the rolling resistance, but not the resistance of friction.

The angular position of figure 10 To select, on the contrary, in the second automatic mode, in order oriented perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis 132 of the axis 266, 268 rotation had termosvarenny sent by the first segment filling tube film sleeve 118 only the rolling resistance, but not the additional frictional resistance. The frictional resistance occurs, therefore, only between film sleeve and the outer wall of the filling pipe.

Bearing 260 by means of a threaded connection of the supporting body 274 mounted on the wall 110' of the casing. For this purpose, the supporting body 274 has two slots 280, 281, which provide consolidation of variable distance to the first longitudinal axis of the filling pipe 120. Therefore, the support can be easily adapted to fit different diameters of the filling tube so that its longitudinal axis is in the casing 110 is always the same position.

On figa, 11B, lane with the days of the hand shows two detailed view of a manual actuator for rotation of the filling tube of figure 9. The actuator consists of a lever 240 which is fixed on the clamping device, consisting of a prismatic base 242 and the clamping plate 244. Between the base 242 and the clamping plate 244 is clamped filling tube 120 or 120, with the prismatic shape of the base 242 provides centered gripping the filling pipe 120, 120" different external diameter.

On Fig from the front side shows the motor drive option 180 for rotation of the filling pipe. In addition to the linear drive motor 182, the rack 184 and the ring gear 186 on Fig more detail see the clip 168. It consists of two half-rings that form-fitting to the outer diameter of the ledge 156 of the hole, which is placed and gripped the ledge 156. To capture the clip 168 he swinden in the depicted example, the second element 160 rotational support 140'.

1. The device (100) for opakowaniowego or granular product in bag packing shell containing connected to the filling device, the filling pipe (120) for conducting the flow of product from the filling device to the sealing device (200) for packaging shell, which has a connection (122), the neck (130), neighbour joining (122) in generally straight first segment (124) with the first longitudinal axis (132, 232) and the adjacent neck (130) associated with the first segment (124) of the second segment (128), being the m first segment (124) is designed to accommodate and maintain at its outer periphery is supplied in the form of a film tape (114) and molded around him film sleeve (118), and the second segment (128) is intended to conduct further molded from plastic tape (114) film sleeve (118) or for placement and maintenance of pre-worn from the side of the neck (130) stock tubular packaging casing, characterized in that the filling pipe (120) upstream contains before the first segment (124) rotational bearing (140) around the first longitudinal axis (132), and between the first (124) and second (128) by segments, at least one mechanism (126, 150, 152) changes of direction.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the first (124) and second (128) line segments connected to each other in one piece.

3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the second segment (128) mostly straight and has a second longitudinal axis (134), which concludes with the first longitudinal axis (132) angle (136) of less than 180.

4. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the second segment (128) mostly straight and has a second longitudinal axis (134), and the first (124) and second (128) line segments are connected by an intermediate segment (154) so that the first (132) and second (134) to the longitudinal axis are parallel offset relation to each other.

5. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the filling pipe (120) in the area of the second segment (128), at least partially surrounded by setmaterial (220) with the current around the first longitudinal axis (132) is raditelnoi support (222).

6. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that it contains the load-bearing structure, which is the first element (158) rotational support (140) filling pipe (120), and the filling tube (120) is arranged to connect with the second element (160) rotational support (140).

7. The device according to claim 6, characterized in that the filling pipe (120) in the area of his accession (122) has an upstream before the first segment (124) coax him step (156), with which it can be inserted in the first element (158) rotational support (140) and Rethimno connected by clamping with the second element (160) rotational support (140).

8. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the ledge (156) filling pipe (120) sealed at the outer periphery from the first element (158) rotational support (140).

9. The device according to claim 8, characterized in that the first element (158) rotational support (140) includes a flange (170) for connection with tusovochnym device.

10. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the filling pipe (120) in the area of the first segment (124) surrounded by the forming triangle (116) for deformation supplied film tape (114) in film sleeve (118)so that the longitudinal edges of the film strip (114) are arranged next to each other, in the area of the first segment (124) down stream is for deforming device is thermo-sealing device (112) for sealing adjacent after deformation of the longitudinal edges along the filling pipe (120).

11. The device according to claim 10, characterized in that thermo-sealing device (112) is surrounded by a casing (110), which forms the load-bearing structure for a rotary bearing (140) filling pipe, and the first element (158) rotational support (140) passes through the casing (110).

12. The device according to claim 11, characterized in that the casing (110) is opposite to the first item (158) rotational support (140) hole (148), through which extends filling pipe (120).

13. The device according to item 12, characterized in that the casing (110) is a cover (149) for holes (148), which is flexible sealing lip (147) is attached on the outer periphery to the filling pipe (120).

14. Device according to any one of PP-13, characterized in that the filling pipe (120) in the area of the first segment (124) is supported downstream for welding or thermo-sealing device (112), at least one body (262) rolling.

15. The device according to 14, characterized in that at least two bodies (262) rolling offset angle effect on the filling pipe (120), supporting her.

16. The device according to item 15, wherein the body (262) roller mounted for rotation around axes which are made to rotate between the first position with a V-shaped installation perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis (132) of the first segment (124) filling pipe and the second is Ozanam parallel to the first longitudinal axis (132) of the first segment (124) filling the pipe.

17. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that it contains the actuator (180) for rotation of the filling tube (120) around the first longitudinal axis (132)containing a drive motor (182)connected to the first segment (124) of the first gear element and associated with a drive motor (182) of the second gear element.

18. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that it contains the handle (190, 194, 230, 240) for rotation of the filling tube (120) around the first longitudinal axis (132).



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transportation package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to packing device and method of packing viscous products, namely sealants, into packing sleeves. Proposed device comprises shut-off valve and filling tube arranged along product flow, downstream of shut-off valve. Packing device comprises device to fit and close clips arranged along product flow downstream of filling tube and well as stock of packing sleeves arranged, at least partially, on filling tube. Packing device comprises at least one continuous-operation transducer to direct or indirect measurement of packing sleeve length. Transducer output signal can control at least closing of shut-off valve said forces sealant towards filling tube. Proposed method comprises forcing sealant towards shut-off valve, filling packing sleeve via filling tube and pulling additional packing sleeve from its stock. Packing sleeve length is recorded directly or indirectly by at least one continuous-operation transducer. Transducer output signal can control at least closing of shut-off valve said forces sealant towards filling tube.

EFFECT: simplified process of packing sleeve length measurement.

21 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transportation package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to clamping device (100) furnished with holder (104, 105) moving along feed pipe (106, 244). Said holder embraces packing pipe (106, 244) of braking ring (110, 246) to impart friction force to hose-like packing envelope removed, in filling, from said packing pipe (106, 244). Holder (104, 232) is coupled with drive that makes holder reciprocating parallel to packing pipe (106, 244). Drive has crank mechanism with bell crank (222) coupled with holder (104, 232) on drive side.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

22 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport, packing.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to the method and device intended for controlled squeezing of folded unfilled tubular shell section by clips, the shell being successively filled with fed filler and fed for intermittent filling. Shell feed is controlled by a pickup to generate control signal for squeezing device and filler to be moved synchronously.

EFFECT: accurate clips positioning without deteriorating filling process.

25 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to blocks intended for straightening of casing during automatic stuffing of meat products. Block for straightening of casing during automatic stuffing of meat products contains ring (9), which has external surface. The casing slides, along the said external surface ring stimulating expansion of the casing. Block contains a pair of straightening wheels (8), which contact with external surface of crimped casing and pull the casing during rotation. Block is synchronised with stuffing device and binding device and/or device for clamps overlaying. During operation of block, control of functioning and speed of straightening operation is carried out. Preliminarily crimped casing is straightened in the process of meat product stuffing, straightening being carried out without casing resistance.

EFFECT: creation of block for fast straightening without casing resistance during automatic stuffing of meat products.

11 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to portsionirovaniem individual sausages in a flexible tubular sheath

The invention relates to a machine for filling sausage, etc

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device used for retention of tubular shell (V) as it is filled with viscous or loose filler in packing machine, in particular in machine for clipping, which comprises filling tube (F) for filling of tubular shell (V) with filler. Device includes the first braking ring (10), which may be installed on filling tube (F) coaxially with it. Inner diametre of specified ring exceeds outer diametre of filling tube (F), and on its inner surface there is the first braking facility (12) arranged, along which the shell (V) may be directed in filling direction (R) to be filled with filler against friction force affecting it. Also the second braking ring (20) is fixed on filling tube (F), and opposite braking facility (22) is arranged on its outer surface, besides shell (V) may be directed between the first braking facility (12) of the first braking ring (10) and the opposite braking facility (22) of the second braking ring (20). At the same time the first braking ring (10) is arranged as movable along filling direction (R) to establish specified friction force applied to shell (V) in the first braking facility (12) of the first braking ring (10) and in the opposite braking facility (22) of the second braking ring (20). Device for retention of tubular shell comprises also compaction device, which is fixed on filling tube (F), besides its outer diametre approximately corresponds to inner diametre of tubular shell (V), which it adjoins in process of compaction.

EFFECT: braking device of sausage skin with controlled braking force is proposed.

25 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: packing.

SUBSTANCE: horn suspension unit (3) for sausage tube stuffing includes horn pipe (4) and stuffer pipe (5), so that horn pipe (4) can rotate against stuffer pipe (5) around first rotation axis. Horn pipe (4) is mounted on case (8) and can rotate against the case around the first rotation axis. The case (8) can also rotate together with horn pipe (4) against stuffer pipe (5) around second rotation axis to take cleaning position where horn pipe (4) is fixated by the case.

EFFECT: fast and safe cleaning of horn pipe (4).

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: sausage packing device aimed at stuffing tubular casing by pasty filler comprises a stuffing tube (1), opening into a filling zone (5) and having a receiving unit for shirred tubular casing (80) at the outer side. During stuffing of a sausage link (8) the casing (80) sealed on one end is pulled off from the stuffing tube (1) due to pushing power of the filler (85), after certain size is reached the casing is sealed by a sealer (2) and removed by a removing device (4) comprising a conveyor (40) fitted with an adjustable drive (43) actuated by a regulating module (64) of a control box (6). Sausage packing device is equipped with a sausage link (8) increment measuring unit comprising in the filling zone (5) a speed meter (7), an estimation unit (67) for evaluating sausage link increment speed and a synchronisation unit (62) aimed at control over regulating module (64) which synchronises band conveyor speed with increment speed.

EFFECT: claimed invention ensures uniform pulling the casing off stuffing tube, improving quality of stuffing of sausage links manufactured according to this method.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: food products; mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: device for automated monitoring of packing machine for sausage production is the subject of the invention. It consists of extrusion machine (F), driving pin (1), breaking unit (2) for stopping casing and clamping machine (V). Device is specific by chamber (6, 6', 6") generating electric video signal, analytical unit (7) for video signal analysing and device (8) controlled by analytical unit for disconnection of extrusion machine (F). Invention also describes method of automated monitoring of packing machines for sausage production.

EFFECT: invention allows for automatic detecting faulty operation of packing machines in sausage production.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, packaging of meat products into doubled casing.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has base, synchronized charging device and high-speed machine for applying of clips, between which device and machine forming unit is positioned. Forming unit converts film adapted for wrapping around food products and supplied in the form of bobbin into tubular member which may be put onto charging tube on which another tube is positioned, said another tube carrying outer casing attached to base formed by tubular netted casing. Invention is characterized in that tubes of small diameter are used, said diameter being much smaller than diameter of ready product, so that film is adapted to tube after multiple longitudinal creases are formed on said film. Method involves providing multiple laying of tubular creased netted member using pressure applied by pumping system of apparatus for providing radial expansion of film and tubular netted member for obtaining final diameter of ready product, which may be altered in accordance with speed at which product is separated from machine for applying of double clips.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and wider operational capability.

16 cl, 7 dwg, 6 ex

Device for stuffing // 2280986

FIELD: meat treatment.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises base whose space receives screw stuff pump provided with the electric drive and system for evacuation and batching twisting member secured to the screw stuff pump having batching pump. The batching pump is made of cylindrical housing with the lid provided with the hollow shaft set in bearing and connected with screw of the stuff pump through the central opening from one side and with the twisting member from the other side. The cylindrical housing of the batching pump receives cylindrical rotor provided with a recess. One of the walls of the recess is used for clamping stuff when the rotor rotates. The separator made of a segment and is secured to the inner side of the housing.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and efficiency.

5 dwg

FIELD: equipment for filling of enclosure with pasty mass and methods for securing of clamps on enclosure.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has vacuum filler for filling any type of enclosure with pasty mass, and clamping module for securing of clamp on filled enclosure. Clamp module is positioned so as to be actuated by engine of vacuum filling device. Method involves filling enclosure with pasty mass by means of vacuum filling device; dividing into portions and securing clamp by means of clamping module actuated through engine of vacuum filling device.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified securing of clamp on enclosure.

16 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, methods for producing of meat food from whole stag carcass.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing three-staged thermal processing of meat in cooking apparatuses under excessive pressure, first stage including acting upon fresh-killed meat by impact pressure of (5-7)*105 Pa for 3-5 hours, second stage including relieving pressure and heating meat to temperature of 90°C, and third stage including increasing pressure to (5-7)*105 Pa and cooking at temperature of 130-150°C for 3-4 hours. Before charging of cooking apparatus with meat, whole carcass is cut transverse to muscle length into 6-8 cm long pieces. At second stage, salt, fat and water are added.

EFFECT: elimination of losses of valuable raw material, reduced processing time beginning from slaughtering to realization time, and improved quality of product.

2 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex

The invention relates to a machine for filling sausage, etc

The invention relates to a stuffing of sausage syringe device for the extrusion of food substrates, in particular meat, and cold extruded meat product, manufactured using a new horn

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, methods for producing of meat food from whole stag carcass.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing three-staged thermal processing of meat in cooking apparatuses under excessive pressure, first stage including acting upon fresh-killed meat by impact pressure of (5-7)*105 Pa for 3-5 hours, second stage including relieving pressure and heating meat to temperature of 90°C, and third stage including increasing pressure to (5-7)*105 Pa and cooking at temperature of 130-150°C for 3-4 hours. Before charging of cooking apparatus with meat, whole carcass is cut transverse to muscle length into 6-8 cm long pieces. At second stage, salt, fat and water are added.

EFFECT: elimination of losses of valuable raw material, reduced processing time beginning from slaughtering to realization time, and improved quality of product.

2 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: equipment for filling of enclosure with pasty mass and methods for securing of clamps on enclosure.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has vacuum filler for filling any type of enclosure with pasty mass, and clamping module for securing of clamp on filled enclosure. Clamp module is positioned so as to be actuated by engine of vacuum filling device. Method involves filling enclosure with pasty mass by means of vacuum filling device; dividing into portions and securing clamp by means of clamping module actuated through engine of vacuum filling device.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified securing of clamp on enclosure.

16 cl, 2 dwg

Device for stuffing // 2280986

FIELD: meat treatment.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises base whose space receives screw stuff pump provided with the electric drive and system for evacuation and batching twisting member secured to the screw stuff pump having batching pump. The batching pump is made of cylindrical housing with the lid provided with the hollow shaft set in bearing and connected with screw of the stuff pump through the central opening from one side and with the twisting member from the other side. The cylindrical housing of the batching pump receives cylindrical rotor provided with a recess. One of the walls of the recess is used for clamping stuff when the rotor rotates. The separator made of a segment and is secured to the inner side of the housing.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and efficiency.

5 dwg

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, packaging of meat products into doubled casing.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has base, synchronized charging device and high-speed machine for applying of clips, between which device and machine forming unit is positioned. Forming unit converts film adapted for wrapping around food products and supplied in the form of bobbin into tubular member which may be put onto charging tube on which another tube is positioned, said another tube carrying outer casing attached to base formed by tubular netted casing. Invention is characterized in that tubes of small diameter are used, said diameter being much smaller than diameter of ready product, so that film is adapted to tube after multiple longitudinal creases are formed on said film. Method involves providing multiple laying of tubular creased netted member using pressure applied by pumping system of apparatus for providing radial expansion of film and tubular netted member for obtaining final diameter of ready product, which may be altered in accordance with speed at which product is separated from machine for applying of double clips.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and wider operational capability.

16 cl, 7 dwg, 6 ex

FIELD: food products; mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: device for automated monitoring of packing machine for sausage production is the subject of the invention. It consists of extrusion machine (F), driving pin (1), breaking unit (2) for stopping casing and clamping machine (V). Device is specific by chamber (6, 6', 6") generating electric video signal, analytical unit (7) for video signal analysing and device (8) controlled by analytical unit for disconnection of extrusion machine (F). Invention also describes method of automated monitoring of packing machines for sausage production.

EFFECT: invention allows for automatic detecting faulty operation of packing machines in sausage production.

3 cl, 2 dwg

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