Polymer-containing detergent compositions and use thereof

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent composition contains a polymer combined with a surfactant or an inorganic detergent component and auxiliary ingredients. The fat purification efficiency index of the detergent composition is at least equal to 10. The polymer is a random grafted copolymer which has a hydrophilic skeleton and hydrophobic side chains, obtained by grafting (a) polyethylene oxide; (b) vinyl ester of acetic and/or propionic acid; and/or C1-4alkyl ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid; and (c) modifying monomers. The detergent compositions preferably additionally contain lipase enzyme.

EFFECT: improved removal of fat contaminants and stains with reduced amounts of conventional surfactants or inorganic detergent components.

22 cl, 6 ex

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to containing polymer detergent compositions and their use.

The level of technology

Constant targets manufacturers of washing detergents are superior remove oily dirt, stains and preservation of whiteness with repeated washings. Since the 1980s, the enzymes are used in detergents to remove grease by splitting grease on the basis of the triglyceride. There are many polymers used in detergent compositions. Cm. WO 91/09932 name Manchin et A1., publ. 11.07.1991; EP 219048 A2 in the name of Kud et al., publ. 22.04.1987, and EP 358474 AND name Boscamp., publ. 14.03.1990.

Unexpectedly, it was found that when using some optimized polymers can be achieved comparable cleaning performance even when used in the composition of the detergent composition of smaller quantities of surface-active substance and / or inorganic detergent component.

In addition, there is a need for improved polymers which provide enhanced cleaning of grease, remove stains, clay suspensions, saving white with repeated washings, the presence of synergism in relation to the enzymes and (or) which provide a reduction in the number of traditional inorganic detergent components or surface-AK is active substances.

The invention

The present invention relates to improved detergent compositions containing 0.5 to 20% polymer, 1-50% of a surfactant and up to 100% of additional ingredients. Detergent composition has an index ofsthe efficiency of the removal of grease at least 10, or the percentage of the polymer : indexsthe efficiency of cleaning the grease is at least 1:2.

The present invention also relates to improved cleaning composition containing 0.5-20% polymer, 5-40% inorganic detergent component and auxiliary ingredients (up to 100%). The composition has an index of the efficiency of the removal of grease at least 10, or the percentage of the polymer : indexsthe efficiency of cleaning the grease is at least 1:2.

The present invention also relates to improved cleaning composition containing 0.5-20% polymer, 1-50% anionic surfactants and auxiliary ingredients (up to 100%). Index of clay suspension detergent is at least 86, or the growth index of the foam is at least 10.

The invention also relates to improved cleaning composition containing 5-20000 LU/g of detergent composition lipase, 0.25 to 20% of polymer having polietilenglikolya frame, and auxiliary ingredients to 100%.

The invention is also from OSISA to the use of the polymer in the detergent composition, containing a lipase, to obtain a synergistic effect. A synergistic effect is improved removal of oily contaminants, superior stain removal and (or) improved preservation of white with repeated washings. This polymer has polietilenglikolya frame. The invention also relates to the use of the polymer in the detergent composition to improve its profile foam. Detergent composition contains an anionic surfactant, and the polymer has polietilenglikolya frame.

Now found that this improved polymer may provide various advantages, such as improved removal of grease, stains, improved preservation of whiteness during repeated washings and / or profile of the foam, particularly in detergent compositions for washing machines. The polymer can also provide significant synergistic effect when used in combination with an enzyme, such as lipase, and in particular lipase for the first wash. In addition, while the remaining supplements usually work well only with animal fat (beef, chorizo etc) or vegetable (peanut, olive oil, etc.) origin, the present invention has been surprisingly effective for removal of both types of fats/oils.

Detailed description of the invention

All lead the military here, temperatures are given in degrees Celsius (°C). All weights and percentages are calculated on the weight of the cleansing composition, unless otherwise indicated. The term "containing" means that can be added and other steps, components, elements, etc. that do not have a decisive influence on the final result, and includes the values of "consisting of" and "consisting essentially of".

All bands of this application, presented in the form "from X to Y", or "from about X to about Y"or "X-Y", include all numerical ranges within these. It should be understood that each of the specified limit includes every top or the bottom, as if such upper and lower bounds would be described separately. Each range of the present application includes any falls into a narrower range, as if the more narrow ranges would be described separately.

The polymer here is a statistical grafted Homo - or copolymer having a hydrophilic skeleton and hydrophobic side chains. Usually hydrophilic skeleton is less than about 50%, or from about 50% to about 2%, or from about 45% to about 5%, or from about 40% to about 10% by weight of the polymer. The frame preferably contains a monomer selected from the group consisting of unsaturated C1-6acid, ester, alcohol, aldehyde, ketone or ester, sugar level, alkoxyl is e link maleic anhydride and saturated polisport, such as glycerol, or a mixture. Hydrophilic skeleton may contain acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, maleic acid, vinyloxy acid, glucoside, accelerated, glycerine or a mixture thereof. The polymer may contain or linear or branched polyalkyloxy frame with ethylene oxide, propylene oxide and / or butyleneglycol. Polyalkyloxy frame can contain more than about 80%, or from about 80% to about 100%, or from about 90% to about 100%, or from about 95% to about 100% by weight of ethylene oxide. The weight average molecular weight (Mw) polyalkyleneglycol frame typically ranges from about 400 g/mol to 40,000 g/mol, or from about 1000 g/mol to about 18000 g/mol, or from about 3,000 g/mol to about 13500 g/mol, or from about 4000 g/mol to 9,000 g/mol. Polyalkyloxy the frame may be lengthened by condensation with suitable binding molecules, such as dicarboxylic acids and / or diisocyanates.

The frame contains many hydrophobic side chains attached to it, such as C4-25alkyl group; polypropylene; polybutylene; vinyl esters of saturated monocarboxylic C1-6acid; and / or C1-6alkilany ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid. Hydrophobic side chains can in order to win, by weight of hydrophobic side chains, at least about 50% vinyl acetate, or from about 50% to about 100% of vinyl acetate, or from about 70% to about 100% of vinyl acetate, or from about 90% to about 100% of vinyl acetate. Hydrophobic side chains can contain, by weight of hydrophobic side chains, from about 70% to about 99.9% of vinyl acetate, or from about 90% to about 99% of vinyl acetate. Hydrophobic side chains may also contain, by weight of hydrophobic side chains, from about 0.1% to about 10% of butyl acrylate, from about 1% to about 7% of butyl acrylate, from about 2% to about 5% of butyl acrylate. Hydrophobic side chains may also contain modified monomer, such as styrene, N-vinyl pyrrolidone, acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, maleic acid, acrylamide, feniluksousna acid and (or) vinylformamide, especially styrene and / or N-vinyl pyrrolidone, at levels from about 0.1% to about 10%, or from about 0.1% to about 5%, or from about 0.5% to about 6%, or from about 0.5% to about 4%, or from about 1% to about 3% by weight of hydrophobic side chain.

The polymer can be obtained by grafting (a) polyethylene oxide; (b) vinyl ether complex acetic and (or) propionic acid; and / or C1-4Olkiluoto complex ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid; and (C) modifying mono is'. The polymer may have the General formula:

where X and Y are blocking links, independently selected from N or C1-6of alkyl; each Z is a blocking element, independently selected from N or C-radical fraction (for example, carbon-containing fragment derived from a radical initiator attached to the growing chain in the process of recombination); each R1independently selected from methyl and ethyl; each of R2independently selected from H and methyl; each R3independently represents a C1-4alkyl; and each R4independently selected from pyrrolidino or phenyl groups. Mw polietilenoksidnoy frame above. The value of m, n, o, p and q are selected so that the side of the group amounted to at least 50%, or from about 50% to about 98%, or from about 55% to about 95%, or from about 60% to about 90% by weight of the polymer. Suitable suitable here, the polymer has a Mw from about 1000 g/mol to about 150000 g/mol, or from about 2500 g/mol to about 100,000 g/mol, or from about 7500 g/mol to about 45000 g/mol, or from about 10,000 g/mol to about 34000 g/mol.

The reaction of the radical graft-polymerization is usually carried out with a radical initiator at temperatures below about 100°C., or from about 60°to about 100°C, or from the ome 65°C to about 90°C, or from about 70°to about 80°C. Although the previously disclosed polymers, which have a temperature vaccinations above about 100°C lower temperature and kinetics of the present invention result in significantly different primary structure of the polymer. Although these polymers are all the same "statistical grafted polymers, the lower the temperature of grafting increases the total/average size of each individual grafted chains, and such grafted chains stronger separated by the polymer. Thus, the polymers formed at lower temperatures vaccinations are generally more hydrophilic and have a relatively high cloud point in water than polymers formed at higher temperatures vaccinations, even when using the same reagents and starting materials, and the final Mw and the weight ratio frame : grafted chain is the same. The polymer may be from about 0.5 to about 1.5, or from about 0.6 to approximately 1.25, or from about 0.75 to about 1.1 points vaccinations per unit monomer of the frame, ethylenoxide unit, polietilenglikoli unit, or the like, suitable for such individual polymer. The number of points vaccinations per unit monomer of the frame (or other unit suitable for such a polymer) is determined by the NMR spectrometric analysis of the pure polymer, as dissolve and can interfere with NMR measurements.

The polymer may optionally contain many gidrolizatami shares, such as ester or amesterdam group, which may be partially or completely hydrolyzed. The degree of hydrolysis of the polymer is defined as molar % gidrolizatami lobes, which are hydrolyzed into the corresponding fragments. Usually the degree of hydrolysis of the polymer is not more than about 75 mol.%, or from about 0 mol.% to about 75 mol.%, or from about 0 mol.% to about 60 mol.%, or from about 0 mol.% up to about 40 mol.%. In other embodiments, exercise the degree of hydrolysis of the polymer is from about 30 mol.% to about 45 mol.%, or from about 0 mol.% up to about 10 mol.%.

Detergent composition typically contains from about 0.5% to about 20%, or from about 0.6% to about 18%, or from about 0.75% to about 15%, or from about 1% to about 12% of the polymer. However, for a composition containing a lipase, found that unexpected results can be achieved when the detergent composition contains from about 0.25% to about 20%, or from about 0.4% to about 20%, or from about 0.5% to about 20%, or from about 0.6% to about 18%, or from about 0.75% to about 15%, or from about 1% to about 12% of the polymer.

Typically a surfactant selected from anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants the substances, cationic surfactants, zwitter-ionic surfactants, ampholytic surfactants, polupyanogo nonionic surfactants, Genialnogo surfactants and mixtures thereof; or from anionic explore only briefly-active agents, nonionic surfactants, zwitter-ionic surfactants and mixtures thereof; or from anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants and mixtures thereof; or from anionic surfactants. Detergent composition typically contains from about 1% to about 50%, or from about 3% to about 40%, or from about 5% to about 35% of surface-active substances.

Suitable in the present invention the anionic surfactant has an alkyl chain length of from about 6 atoms of carbon (C6) to about 22 carbon atoms (C22and in itself known from the prior art. Non-limiting examples of suitable here anionic surfactants include:

a) linear alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS), particularly11-C18LAS;

b) branched primary and static alkyl sulphates (AS), especially With10-C20AS;

c) secondary (2,3) alkyl sulphates having formula (I) and (II), especially With 10-C20secondary alkyl sulphates:

or;

in these formulas, M represents hydrogen or a cation which provides a neutral charge depending on the selected specialist form or the relative pH of the system in which the used connection. Non-limiting of the invention cations include sodium, potassium, ammonium or a mixture thereof. The value x is an integer between 7 and 15, or between 9 and 13; and the value y is an integer between 8 and 14 or between 9 and 12, inclusive;

d) alkylalkoxysilane (AAxS), especially C10-C18AAS, where the alkoxy group is ethoxy, and where x has a value of about 1-30;

e) alkylalkoxysilane, especially With6-C18alkylaminocarbonyl, especially from about 1-5 ethoxypropane;

f) a branched alkyl sulphates with medium chain length (see U.S. patent No. 6.020.303, issued February 1, 2000, and U.S. patent No. 6.060.443, issued may 9, 2000, both on the name Cripe et al.);

g) branched alkylalkoxysilane with medium chain length (see U.S. patent No. 6.008.181, issued December 28, 1999, and U.S. patent No. 6.020.303, issued February 1, 2000, both on the name Cripe et al.);

i) methylsulfonate (MES), most often used when washing in cold water;

j) alveolarization (AOS); and

k) branched primary and uporyadochennye the alkyl - or alkenylboronic, especially about having 6-18 carbon atoms.

In General, the detergent composition may contain from about 0.1% to about 25%, or from about 0.5% to about 20%, or from about 1% to about 17% neino gene surfactants. Although nonionic surfactant NEODOL® from Shell Chemical LP (Houston, Texas, USA) and LUTENSON® XL and LUTENSON® XP from BASF Aktiengesellschaft (Mannheim, Germany) are typical representatives, non-limiting examples of such neinogennye surfactants include:

a)12-C18alkylalkoxysilane (AE);

b) C6-C12alkylphenolethoxylate in which alkoxylate groups are a mixture of ethyleneoxy and propylenoxide;

c) block polymers, which condesate C12-C18alcohols and C6-C12of alkyl phenols with ethylene oxide/propylene oxide such as Pluronic® from BASF;

d) branched C14-C22alcohols (VA) with an average chain length, discussed in U.S. patent No. 6.150.322, issued November 21, 2000 in the name Singleton, et al.;

e) branched C14-C22alkylalkoxysilane (Waah) with an average chain length, especially the ethoxylates, in which the value x is approximately 1-30; see U.S. patent No. 6.153.577, issued November 28, 2000; U.S. patent No. 6.020.303, issued February 1, 2000; and U.S. patent No. 6.093.856, issued July 25, 2000 (all in the name of Crippe et al);

f) polyhydroxyamide fat is acid; see U.S. patent No. 5.332.528 in the name of Pan and Gosselink, issued July 26, 1994; application WO 92/06162 name Murch et al., publ. April 16, 1992; WO 93/19146 A1 in the name of Fu et al., publ. September 30, 1993; WO 93/19038 A1 in the name of Conner et al., publ. September 30, 1993; and WO 94/09099 A1 in the name of Blake et al., publ. April 28, 1994;

g) surface-active alcohols, poly(oxyalkylene) blocked ether; see U.S. patent No. 6.482.994 name Scheper and Sivik, issued November 19, 2002; and an application WO 01/42408 A2 in the name Sivik et al., publ. June 14, 2001.

Non-limiting examples of cationic surfactants include surfactants of the Quaternary ammonium containing 1-26 carbon atoms:

a) surfactant-based alkoxylate Quaternary ammonium (AQA); see U.S. patent No. 6.136.769 in the name of Asano et al., issued October 24, 2000;

b) dimethylhydroxylamine Quaternary ammonium; see U.S. patent No. 6.004.922 in the name of Watson and Gosselink, issued December 21, 1999;

c) cationic polyamine surfactants; see application WO 98/35002 A1, WO 98/35003 A1, WO 98/35004 A1, WO 98/35005, WO 98/35006, all in the name Heinzman and Ingram, publ. August 13, 1998;

d) cationic ester surfactants, see U.S. patent No. 4.228.042 in the name of Letton, issued October 14, 1980; No. 4.239.660 name Kingry, issued December 16, 1980; No. 4.260.529 in the name of Letton, issued April 07, 1981; and No. 6.022.844 name Baillely and Perkins, issued February 08, 2000; and

e) aminobenzamide surfactants; see U.S. patent No. 6.221.825 in the name of Williams and Nair, issued April 24, 2001, and the application WO 00/47708 name Broeckx et al., publ. August 17, 2000, and in particular propyltrimethylammonium.

Zwitter-ionic surfactants include derivatives of secondary and tertiary amines, derivatives of heterocyclic secondary and tertiary amines, or derivatives of Quaternary ammonium, Quaternary of or phosphonium compounds tertiary sulfone. Cm. U.S. patent No. 3.929.678 in the name of Laughlin et al., publ. on 30 December 1975. Ampholytic surfactants include C8+or C8-18aliphatic derivatives of secondary or tertiary amines, or aliphatic derivatives of heterocyclic secondary and tertiary amines in which the aliphatic radical may be branched or unbranched chain. Propolene nonionic surfactants include water-soluble aminoxide, phosphine oxides and sulfoxidov containing one10-C18alkyl share 2 share selected from C1-3alkyl groups and C1-3hydroxyalkyl groups. Cm. application WO 01/32816, U.S. patent No. 4.681.704 and No. 4.133.779. Genialny surfactants are compounds having at least two hydrophobic groups and at least two hydrophilic groups in the molecule. See, for example, Chemtech, March 1993, p.30-33, and J. Am. Chem. Soc., 115, 10083-90 (199). These surfactants are typical of commercially available agents worldwide, in any quantity and of any quality.

Inorganic detergent component is typically selected from the group consisting of phosphate components, silicate component, a zeolite component and a mixture thereof. Specified phosphate component comprises poly-, ortho - and / or metaphosphate salts of alkali metal, ammonium and alkanolamine; or poly-, ortho - and (or) metaphosphate salts of alkaline metals; or poly-, ortho - and / or metaphosphate sodium and potassium, or sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP).

Inorganic detergent component may include an alkali metal silicate, zeolite and a mixture thereof. As lamellar and amorphous silicates are suitable for the present invention, for example, zeolite A, zeolite X, zeolite P, zeolite MAP and their mixture. Detergent composition usually contains from about 5% to about 40%, or from about 7% to about 35%, or from about 10% to about 30% inorganic detergent component, which is widely commercially available worldwide.

Lipase suitable here includes such as described in UK patent No. 1.372.034 name Dijk and Berg, publ. October 30, 1974, the application JP 53-20487 name Inuagi, publ. February 24, 1978 (lipase P "Amano" or "Amano-P" from Amano pharmaceutical Co. LTD., Nagoya, Japan); "Lipolse®", commercially available from Novozymes A/S (Bagsvaerd, Denmark); EPO patent 341.947 in the name of Cornelissen et al., issued August 31, 1994; application WO 94/14951 in the name of Halkier et al., publ. 07 July 1994 on Novo; and the application WO 92/05249 in the name of Clausen et al., publ. 02 April 1992.

"Lipase for the first wash" is a high-performance lipase, designed for effective cleaning in the first stage of washing, so that, as and when cleaning in the second stage of washing, there is a significant increase the cleaning effect in the first cycle of washing due to the use of the enzyme lipase. See, for example, application WO 00/60063 A1 in the name Vind et al., publ. October 12, 2000; research report IP6553 D; application WO 99/42566 A1 in the name of Borch et al., publ. August 26, 1999; WO 02/062973 A2 in the name of the Munk et al., publ. 05 August 2002; WO 97/04078 A1 in the name Fuglslag et al., publ. February 06, 1997; WO 97/04079 A1 in the name Fuglslag et al., publ. 06 February 1997; and U.S. patent No. 5.869.438 name Svedsen et al., publ. 09 February 1999. Lipase for the first wash, commercially available under the name LIPEX® (registered trademark Novozymes), a variant of Humicola lanuginosa (Thermomyces lanuginosus) lipase (LIPOLASE®, a registered trademark Novozymes) with mutations T231R and N233R.

Typically, the lipase is present in an amount of from about 5 LU/g to about 20000 LU/g, or from about 35 LU/g to about 5000 LU/g of detergent composition. Unit "LU" lipase activity is defined in the application WO 99/42566 A1 in the name of Borch et al., publ. 26 August 1999. Dose lipase like enzyme the tree in the washing solution is usually from about 0.005-5 mg/l, or from about 0.01 to 0.5 mg/L. In the embodiment here, the dose of lipase, and especially lipases for the primary wash is from about 0.01 to 20000 LU/ml of washing solution, or 0.2-5000 LU/ml of washing solution.

Lipase for primary washing here is a polypeptide having the amino acid sequence with at least 90% identity to the natural lipase derived from a strain of Humicola lanuginosa DSM 4109, and comparable with the specified natural lipase containing a substitution of an electrically neutral or negatively charged amino acids within 15A E1 or Q249 positively charged amino acid; and optionally can contain:

a) attached to the peptide at the terminal; (b) attached to the peptide at the terminal N; (C) meets the following limitations: (i) contains a negatively charged amino acid at position I specified natural lipase; (ii) contains a negatively charged amino acid in the region corresponding to positions 90-101 of the specified natural lipase; (iii) contains an electrically neutral or negatively charged amino acid at the position corresponding to N94 of the specified natural lipase; and / or (iv) has a negative or neutral value of the electric charge in the region corresponding to positions 90-101 of the specified natural lipase; and (d) a mixture of the two.

Quoted lipase, use the controls in this part, is a natural lipase derived from a strain of Humicola lanuginosa DSM 4109. It is described in EPO application No. 258068 A2 in the name of Huge-Jensen and Boel, publ. 02 March 1988, and EPO application No. 305216 name Boel and Huge-Jensen, publ. 01 March 1989, and has the amino acid sequence shown in positions 1-269 SEQ ID NO:2 of U.S. patent No. 5.869.438. This quote lipase is also referred to in this application as LIPOLASE®.

Lipase here contains one or more (e.g., 2 to 4, in particular 2) Vice electrically neutral or negatively charged amino acids near E1 or Q249 positively charged amino acid, preferably R. Substitution occurs on the surface of the three-dimensional structure inside 15A in E1 or Q249, for example in any of the provisions 1-11, 90, 95, 169, 171-175, 192-211, 213-226, 228-258, 260-262. The substitution may be in the range of 10A in E1 or Q249, such as in any of clauses 1-7, 10, 175, 195, 197-202, 204-206, 209, 215, 219-224, 230-239, 242-254. Substitution within 15A in E1, for example, in any of the provisions 1-11, 169, 171, 192-199, 217-225, 228-240, 243-247, 249, 261-262. Substitution most preferably may be in the range of 10A in E1, for example in any of clauses 1-7, 10, 219-224 and 230-239. Therefore, some preferred substitutions are S3R, S224R, P229R, T231R, N233R, D234R and T244R.

Lipase may contain peptide additive attached to the C-end L269. This peptide additive preferably consists of 1-5 amino acids, for example 2, 3 or 4 amino acids. Amino acids peptide supplements are numbered 270, 271, etc. Peptide additive may consist of electrically neutral (e.g., hydrophobic) amino acids such as PGL or PG. Or peptide Supplement lipase consists of neutral (e.g., hydrophobic) amino acids and amino acids, and lipase contains a substitution of the amino acid component in a suitable position, so that the peptide supplements formed a disulfide bridge with C. for Example: 270P, coupled with G23C or TS; 271, coupled with KS, TS, N26C or R81C; S connected with D27C, TS, ES, TS or R81C. Amino acids in positions 90-101 and 210.

Usually lipase has some limitations on electrically charged amino acids in positions 90-101 and 210. Therefore, the amino acid 210 may be negatively charged. E may be unchanged, or it may be substituted E21 OD/CN, in particular E21 OD. This lipase can contain negatively charged amino acid at any of positions 90-101 (in particular, 94-101), for example, in the position D96 and (or) A. Further, the lipase may contain electrically neutral or negatively charged amino acid in position N94, i.e. N94 (neutral or negatively charged), for example N94N/D/e

Lipase can also have negative or neutral total electric charge in the field 90-101 (in particular, 94-101). Thus, the specified region may is be unchanged from LIPOLASE®, with two negatively charged amino acids (D96 and E) and one positively charged amino acid (C), and having an electrically neutral amino acid at position 94 (N94), or this section may be modified by one or more substituents.

Alternatively, two of the three amino acids N94, N96 and E can have a negative or constant electric charge. Thus, all three amino acids can be changed or can be changed by making weak or negative substituent, that is, N94 (neutral or negative), D (negative) or E (neutral or positive). Examples are N94D/E and D96E. Also, one of the three may be substituted in such a way as to increase the electric charge, i.e. N94 (positive), D96 (neutral or positive) or E (neutral or positive). Examples are N94K/R, D961/L/N/S/W or E99N/Q/K/R/h

Lipase contains positively charged peptide extension at the terminal N. the Peptide extension may contain 1-15 (especially 4-10) amino acid residues and preferably contains 1, 2 or 3 positively charged amino acids, more preferably 1, 2 or 3 In R. further electric charge terminal N can be increased by substitution of E1 is electrically neutral or positively charged amino acid, for example the 1 R. Some preferred peptide extensions are SPIRR, PR(-E), SPIRPRP(-E), SPPRRP(E) and SPIRPRID(-E).

Peptide extension may contain C (cysteine), attached disul-fenim bridge to the secondary With the polypeptide (or present in Lipolase, or is introduced by substitution), for example, SPPCGRRP(-E), SPCRPR, SPCRPRP(-E), SPPCGRRPRRP(-E), SPPNGSCGRRP(-E), SPPCRRRP(-E) or SCIRR attached to ESA may be any peptide extensions described in applications WO 97/04079 and WO 97/07202.

As already discussed, amino acids are classified as negatively charged, positively charged or electrically neutral according to their electric charge at pH 10. Thus, negatively charged amino acids are E, D, C (cysteine) and Y, especially E and D. Positively charged amino acids represent the R, K and H, in particular R and Neutral amino acids are G, A, V, L, I, R, F, W, S, T, M, N, Q and S, when they form part of a disulfide bridge. The substitution of another amino acid in the same group (negative, positive or neutral) is called a weak substitution. Electrically neutral amino acids can be divided into hydrophobic (G, A, V, L, I, P, E, W and S, as part of a disulfide bridge) and hydrophilic (S, T, M, N, Q).

Lipase here has an amino acid identity of at least 90% (preferably, b is more than 95%, or more than 98%) with LIPOLASE ®. The degree of identity may be properly determined using such known computer programs like GAP, coming in the GCG software package (Program Manual for the Wisconsin Package, version 8, August 1994, Genetics Computer Group, 575 Science Drive, Madison, Wisconsin, USA 53711) (S.B. Needleman and C.D. Wunsch (1970), Journal of Molecular Biology, 48, 433-45), by using GAP with the installation of the polypeptide sequence comparison: the penalty for creating a GAP of 3.0 and the penalty for extending a GAP of 0.1. The enzyme lipase can be included in the detergent composition in any suitable form, usually in the form of not forming dust granulate, stabilized liquid or particles of the enzyme in the shell.

Total detergent for washing usually contains from about 5% to about 70%, or about 10% to about 60% of additional ingredients such as brighteners, podshinikami agent, other enzymes, perfumes, etc. that are well known in the prior art.

Clarifiers convert the invisible light into visible light and thus make the fabric and clothes brighter, whiter and colors brighter. Podshinikami agent is usually a slightly bluish dye and / or pigment, which is fixed on the tissues and which, therefore, helps to hide yellowish deposits and shades on fabrics to make fabric whiter.

Suitable here the other (i.e. the call is passed from lipase) enzymes include protease, amylase (α (or β), cellulase, cutinase, esterase, carbohydrate, peroxidase, laccase, oxygenase etc., including modified/genetically engineered enzymes and stabilized enzymes. The enzyme content of such other enzymes is generally from 0.0001 to 2%, preferably from 0.001% to 2%, more preferably from 0.005% to 0.1% pure enzyme.

Odorants here give aesthetic effect fabric, either during or after washing. Odorants, such as those available from Givaudan, International Flavors & Fragrances and so on, and are usually present in amounts of from about 0,001% to 5%.

Test methods

The test for removing dirt is as follows: a standardized sample of the coloring matter containing individual specks of dirty cooking oil, grease dirt, ASDA - fat (supermarket UK), Napolina olive oil™, animal margarine, peanut butter, mix (fat chorizo, bacon fat and cooking fat) and fat-hamburger-dried sample blue knitted cotton fabric CW99. Standardized contaminated sample is available from Warwick Equest Ltd. (Durham, UK). Samples marked for identification purposes.

The control detergent composition containing no polymer containing 1 wt.% polymer prepared as comparative detergent composition when compared with the control the composition. The control structure and the test structure are identical, except for 1% of the polymer included in the test composition, and the resulting (almost negligible) 1% dilution of the composition.

The initial rigid solution 205 parts per million (ppm) caso3and 87 ppm MgCO3in the water, and carried out the following test.

1. Add 33 l hard solution in the washing tank semi-automatic dvuhvekovoi washing machine (Panasonic, model XP 52-500S, Huangzhou, China).

2. Add 80 g of the control product in a washing tank and stirred for three minutes to dissolve the product.

3. Put 0,65 kg load (pure white cotton t-shirt) in the washing tank.

4. Place the stained sample in the washing tank and add an additional 0.65 kg load on top of the sample.

5. Wash the stained sample for 20 minutes (the default setting). Washing tank dry.

6. Carry the load of the washing tank in a rotating tank and rotate within three minutes (with a standard rpm).

7. Add 33 l hard solution in the washing tank for the rinse cycle. Transfer load from rotating tank in the washing tank and wash for 5 minutes with standard parameters. Merge washing tank.

8. Repeat steps 1-7 for the testing team and a new stained sample.

9. Dried air is brassy within 24 hours at 25°C. and humidity of 35%. During drying, and then the sample protect from direct sunlight. Store the sample in the dark and in the refrigerator at a temperature of about 4°C.

10. Then the samples are sorted by image analyzer, which has a closed length camera (Mole-Richardson (model Molequartz 2581, Hollywood, CA, USA)containing a light source D65 and digital camera Sony DXC-760MD, which measures the color of each colored spots and compares with the corresponding colored spot lepromatosa (i.e. "new") contaminated sample. The light source D65 simulates the wavelengths of sunlight. Data is sent to the computer, which calculates the percent removal of each colored spots on the basis of percentage differences in color for each spot. Samples allowed to stand for 1 day to fully dry.

11. The efficiency of fat for a particular detergent composition is calculated by averaging the percent removal of each colored spots.

Indexsthe efficiency of the removal of grease (GCPIs) specifies the reduction of surface-active substances provided by the polymer, while maintaining the General equal treatment efficiency from fat. Thus, the detergent composition containing the polymer is comparable to the detergent composition, which in General is equal to the efficiency of purification from fat, but which requires more surface-active substances.

GCPIs={1-[(number is on surfactants in the Formula (A)/(the number of surfactants in the Formula)]}·100, where formula a is a detergent composition containing the polymer, and the Formula represents a identical detergent composition, except that it does not contain a polymer. Formula a and Formula To ensure equal cleansing from dirt in accordance with the test for cleansing from dirt. As used here, "equal to the cleansing of fat" means that the averaged measurement cleansing all dyed samples are equal in magnitude. In the embodiment of the present invention GCPIs is at least about 10, or from about 10 to about 90, or from about 12 to about 80, or from about 15 to about 75, or from about 20 to about 67.

Similarly, the indexsethe efficiency of the removal of grease (GCPIse) sets the lower surface-active substances, caused by the combination of the polymer + lipase, while maintaining the General equal treatment efficiency from fat.

GCPIse={1-[(number of surfactants in the Formula (A)/(the number of surfactants in the Formula)]}·100, where formula a is a detergent composition containing a polymer and a lipase, and the Formula represents a identical detergent composition except that it contains no polymer or lipase. Formula a and Formula To ensure equal cleansing from dirt in accordance with the test for cleansing from dirt. In tests determine GCPIsand GCPIsebelow, if estvo lipase standardized at 10 LU/g of detergent composition. In the embodiment here GCPIseis at least about 10, or at least about 15, or from about 15 to about 95, or from about 17 to about 90, or from about 20 to about 85, or from about 22 to about 75.

Indexbthe efficiency of the removal of grease (GCPIb) sets the reducing inorganic basic detergent, caused by the polymer, while maintaining the General equal treatment efficiency from fat.

GCPIb={1-[(number of inorganic basic substance of detergent in the Formula (A)/(amount of inorganic basic substance of detergent in the Formula)]}·100,

where formula a is a detergent composition containing the polymer, and the Formula represents a identical detergent composition, except that it does not contain a polymer. Formula a and Formula To ensure equal clearance from the fat in accordance with the dough on the elimination of fat. In the embodiment here GCPIbis at least about 10, or from about 10 to about 100, or from about 12 to about 80, or from about 15 to about 75, or from about 20 to about 67.

Similarly, the indexbthe efficiency of the removal of grease specifies the reduction of inorganic basic detergent, caused by the polymer, while maintaining the total equal efficiency to clean the key from fat.

GCPIbe={1-[(number of inorganic basic substance of detergent in the Formula (A)/(amount of inorganic basic substance of detergent in the Formula)]}·100,

where formula a is a detergent composition containing a polymer and a lipase, and the Formula represents a identical detergent composition except that it contains no polymer or a lipase. Formula a and Formula To ensure equal clearance from the fat in accordance with the dough on the elimination of fat. In the embodiment here GCPIbeis at least about 10 or at least 15, or from about 15 to about 100, or from about 17 to about 100, or from about 20 to about 85, or from about 22 to about 75.

In many cases, the polymer may be more effective on the basis of mass-to-mass than an equal amount of surface-active substance and / or basic substance. The ratio of wt.% polymer and GCPIs(i.e. wt.% polymer:GCPIs) (and (or) GCPIb) detergent composition is at least about 1:2, or from about 1:2 to about 1:90, or from about 1:2.5 to about 1:90, or from about 1:3 to about 1:90, or from about 1:10 to about 1:90. Wt.% polymer: GCPIse(and (or) GCPIbe) is at least about 1:2, or from about 1:2 to about 1:90, or from about 1:5 to about 1:9, or from about 1:10 to about 1:90, or from about 1:15 to about 1:90. If the ratio of wt.% polymer and GCPIsis 1:2, then 1% of the polymer can effectively reduce the total number of surfactant 2% with preservation of the General equal treatment efficiency from fat.

The study of clay suspension is as follows: 15 mg Chinese clay (Warwick Equest Ltd.) suspended in 15 ml of demineralized water in 30 ml flat-bottomed beaker with stirring. Add 11 mg buffer solution with pH 7.5 (see below). The mixture is treated with ultrasound for 30 minutes and then stirred for 20 minutes. Add with stirring 0.15 ml of 0.1 m aqueous solution of CaCl2and the mixture is stirred for another 5 minutes. Add with stirring an aqueous solution of the polymer (0.075 mg, 2000 hours/million in water) and the mixture is stirred for another 5 minutes. With stirring an aqueous solution of linear alkyl benzene (0.15 g, 15000 hours/million in water) and the mixture is stirred for another 5 minutes. Stirring is stopped and the mixture is left for 60 minutes. This leads to the concentration of the polymer 10 hours/million

150 μl are taken from a depth of 2 mm from the surface level of the liquid and measure the optical density at a wavelength of 620 nm (turbidity) by means of the device BMG FLUOstar. The resulting value of optical density is then indexed by the value of the optical density, is received for Lutensit K-HD96® (commercialized by BASF), used as a reference value of 100, ie:

Index of clay suspension = [optical permeability for polymer]/[optical permeability to Lutensit K-HD96]×100.

Buffer solution: a buffer solution with a pH of 7.5 is obtained by mixing 50 ml of 0.1m Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, 40,3 ml of 0.1 M hydrochloric acid and water (added to 100 ml total volume). Tris(hydroxymethyl) aminomethan available from Riedel-deHaen under the trade name of the base Trizma®. Linear alkylbenzene comes BASF under the trade name of LutensitTM A-LBN®.

In the embodiment of the present invention the index of the clay suspension is at least about 86, or from about 86 to about 600, or from about 90 to about 500, or from about 95 to about 460, or from about 100 to about 420, or from about 120 to about 390, or from about 150 to about 360, or from 170 to about 340, or from about 200 to about 330. Not wanting to be limited by theory, it is assumed that the index of clay suspension according to the present invention is an accurate and reproducible predictor of the total bleaching properties of the polymer when added to the detergent composition.

The growth index of the foam (SBI) measures the profile foam detergent composition in the presence of or without polymer, in the presence of a standard amount of oil. The profile of the foam is measured using zylindrische tester foam (SCT), having a set of four cylinders. Each cylinder has a length of 65 cm and diameter 5 cm cylinder Walls have a thickness of 0.5 cm, and the bottom of the cylinder has a thickness of 1 cm SCT rotates the detergent solution in 4 clean plastic cylinders from the bottom to the lid at a speed of 22 rpm, and then measuring the height of the bubbles. In the test solution before the start of the rotation type dirt. To simulate the original profile of bubbles detergent composition can be used modifications of this test, as well as the profile of bubbles in use, when more dirt gets into the solution with erasable things. Method of test for bubbles here is as follows.

1. Prepare uncontaminated test the detergent solution containing the polymer, and the control uncontaminated solution of the detergent that does not contain the polymer. The concentration of each solution of the detergent is 2414 ppm, and hardness is determined at 205 h/m caso3and 87 ppm MgCO3. Contaminated oil for frying and technical bodily pollution (both from Warwick Equest Ltd.) was used to simulate typical in the washing industry pollution from oil and body, respectively. Technical bodily contamination (i.e. "artificial sebum is 15% fatty acids, 15% oleic acid, 15% parafinovogo oil, 15% olive oil, 5% soybean oil, 5% squalene, 5% cholesterol, 5% myristic acid, 5% palmitic acid, 5% stearic acid) is a liquid, whereas the contaminated oil for frying applied to cut off the flap and is from the spot of cooking oil on a tissue flap, discussed earlier in the test of purification from grease. Such a stain oil-divided into 4 equal parts, and each part becomes cut off the flap.

2. For each detergent solution prepared 4 clean, dry calibrated cylinder.

3. For each detergent solution pour in 300 ml of detergent solution in each of 4 identical cylinders. Contribute to 0.15 g technical bodily pollution and cut off the flap.

4. In each cylinder is injected through the rubber stopper and close the cylinders in SCT.

5. Rotate the cylinders within 15 seconds. Stop cylinders and record each cylinder in a vertical position by the throat up. Within 10 seconds, measure the height of the foam in each of the cylinders with an accuracy of 1 mm, moving from left to right. Rotate the cylinders for another 15 seconds, stop and lock the cylinder in place and re-measure the height of the foam. Repeat stage of rotation, stopping, fixing and measurements for additional periods of 30 seconds, 1, 3 and 5 minutes. This allows to obtain data on joint rotations within 15 seconds, 30 is econd, 1, 2, 5 and 10 minutes, simulating the profile of the foam during washing.

Profile foam is the average height of the bubbles in mm, obtained from detergent composition at a time corresponding to 10 minutes of joint rotation. The growth index of the foam (SBI) is the percentage increase in the height of the foam in the presence of polymer at the time of 10 min and is calculated as:

SBI={[(height of the foam polymer, mm)/(height of the foam without polymer, mm)]-1 }·100.

Detergent composition according to the invention typically has an index of growth of the foam is at least about 10, or from about 10 to about 80, or from about 15 to about 70.

To simulate the original profile of the foam from step 3 can be eliminated contaminated oil for frying and technical bodily contamination. Additional variations of this test, for example, adding additional oil used for frying and (or) technical bodily contamination between the different stages of rotation, until the foam will not fall below a predetermined level, for example below 1 see This is to profile foam with different concentrations of oil, simulating the increase in pollution, which manifests itself as an increasing laundering service. Alternatively, a different number of prepared oil can be added to the same solution of detergent to simulate washing-RA is clinically contaminated clothing as the first part of the washing. Therefore, the use of the polymer in accordance with the present invention can increase the profile foam detergent composition, in particular the original profile of the foam and / or profile of the foam in the washing process.

EXAMPLE 1

Prepared with the following compositions detergent

-
ABCDEFGHIJ
LAS18181818171715171113
AE3S-0,4-0,40,4--0,4--
Cation P Is In 0,2-0,2--0,2-0,6--
AE------0,8-the 3.83
Polymer11111110,75111
STPP1717191917172117--
Zeolite And-------1,319
Another enzyme20,30,30,30,30,20,20,20,30,10,3
System bleach3,13,13,53,5---3,1--
Supplements3totototototototototo
10 100100100100100100100100100
%%%%%%%%%%
GCPIs43,243,28,49,54,65,3--
GCPIb15155515151615--
SBI--/td> ---15510--
1polietilenglikolya frame with a molecular weight of 6000 g/mol, grafted at 70°C, 60% vinyl acetate based on the weight of the frame.
2not containing the lipase enzymes.
3for example, carbonate, fillers, bleach, perfume, etc. up to 100%.

EXAMPLE 2

Prepared with the following detergent compositions for washing

ABCDEFGHIJ
LAS1717171716161416 1113
AE3S-0,4-0,40,4--0,4--
Cationic surfactants0,2-0,2--0,2-0,6--
AE------0,8-the 3.83
Polymer11111110,7511 1
STPP1616181815152116--
Zeolite And--------1,319
Lipase (LU/g)2100100100100100100100100100100
Another enzyme30,30,30,30,30,20,20,20,30,1 0,3
System bleach3,13,13,53,5---3,1--
Supplements4totototototototototo
100100100100100100100100100100
%%%%%%%%% %
GCPIs9,58,49,58,414151211--
GCPIb1919101025251620--
SBI10151020------

1polietilenglikolya frame with a molecular weight of 6000 g/mol, grafted at 70°C, 60% vinyl acetate based on the weight of the frame.
2Lipex® from Novozymes A/S.
3not containing the lipase enzymes.
4for example, carbonate, fillers, bleach, perfume, etc. up to 100%.

EXAMPLE 3

Prepared with the following detergent compositions for washing

ABCDEFGHIJKL
LAS16161719,417,615,916161719,41317
AE3S---0,9-- ---0,9--
Cation---0,20,2----0,2-0,6
PAV
AE0,81,32---0,81,32-0,30,4
sup> 11111,242--0,50,211
Polymer2-----21--0,510,5
Polymer3-----1-0,50,50,510,5
STPP---62420,3 10---6241716
Zeolite And1616-6---1616-6--1,5
Lipase (LU/g)450100100200100100100400100100100-
Another enzyme50,20,20,60,10,10,10,20,20,6 0,10,31,2
System bleach----3-----1,56,6
Supplements7up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%up to 100%
1polietilenglikolya frame with a molecular weight of 6000 g/mol, grafted at 70°C, 60% vinyl acetate based on the weight of the frame.
2polietilenglikolya frame with a molecular weight of 6000 g/mol, grafted at 70°C, 60% vinyl acetate and 40% hydrolyzed ester groups, calculated on the weight of the frame.
3polietilenglikolya frame with a molecular weight of 12,000 g/mol, grafted at 70°C 54% vinyl acetate and 6% of butyl acrylate, based on the weight of the frame.
4Lipex® from Novozymes A/S.
5not containing the lipase enzymes.
6contains 22% carbonate+6.4% silicate as a main detergent.
7for example, carbonate, fillers, bleach, perfume, etc. up to 100%.

EXAMPLE 4

NMR spectroscopy is investigated polymer of EXAMPLE 1 and was found containing 0.9 points vaccinations per unit of polyethylene glycol. The compositions of EXAMPLE 1 is repeated with the polymers grafted at 90°C, With 0.9 points vaccinations and 0.8 points vaccinations per unit of polyethylene glycol. In both cases, we obtained the similar results.

EXAMPLE 5

In the test on the clay suspension polymer of EXAMPLE 1 with 0.9 points vaccinations per unit of polyethylene glycol provides the index of the clay suspension 10% higher than a comparable polymer with a 1.8 or 1.9 points vaccinations per unit of polyethylene glycol. The results of real saving white are the same.

EXAMPLE 6

Statistical grafted polymer with polietilenglikoli (PEG) frame (Mw=12000 g/mol; index glinistosti = 269) polimerizuet at a temperature of 70°C To produce 0.8 points grafting of vinyl acetate in the proportion of PEG on the basis of NMR analysis of the net sample. Mw frame = 6000 g/mol. Adding 1% polymer in anionic surfactant and containing STPP detergent composition gives GCPIs=20 and GCPIb=20. The ratio of wt.% polymer: GCPIs=1:20 and the ratio of wt.% polymer: GCPIb=1:20. When mixed with 1.2% polymer in a similar solution with 0.3 LU/g (0.05 mg/l) liquid primary washing with hard mortar, GCPIs=40 and GCPIb=40. GCPIseand GCPIbe=1:33,3. In terms of actual washing, in which 39 g of product is used on 33 l hard solution, the composition containing 1% polymer, allows you to completely remove the main sttp-based substance that gives as GCPIband GCPIbe(in non-standard conditions under which 39 g of product use by 33 l hard solution)=100.

Similar results are obtained when the polymer has a 0.9 points grafting of vinyl acetate in the proportion of PEG.

All documents cited herein, in its relevant part, incorporated here by reference; the citation of any of these documents cannot be considered as assigning it to a prior art of the invention. In addition, if there is any meaning or definition of the term contained in this document is at odds with any meaning or definition of the document, included here by reference, should be taken of the value or the determination of the current document.

Although b is whether described and illustrated private embodiments of the present invention, for professionals it is obvious that can be done in different variations and modifications of the present invention without departing from the essence and scope. The following claims are intended to cover all such variations and modifications included in the scope of the present invention.

1. Detergent composition containing by weight:
A) from about 0.5% to about 20% polymer;
B) from about 1% to about 50% surfactant and
C) up to 100% of additional ingredients,
moreover, the polymer is a statistical grafted copolymer having a hydrophilic skeleton and hydrophobic side chains obtained by grafting (a) polyethylene oxide; (b) vinyl ether complex of acetic and/or propionic acid and/or C1-4Olkiluoto complex ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid; and (C) modifying monomers,
the index of efficiency of the removal of grease detergent composition is at least about 10.

2. Detergent composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains from about 0.6% to about 18% of the polymer.

3. Detergent composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the index of the efficiency of cleaning the grease comprises from about 10 to about 90.

4. Detergent composition containing by weight:
A) from about 0.5% to about 20% polymer;
B) from about 5% to about 40% inorganic detergent component and
C) up to 100% auxil athelny ingredients
moreover, the polymer is a statistical grafted copolymer having a hydrophilic skeleton and hydrophobic side chains obtained by grafting (a) polyethylene oxide; (b) vinyl ether complex of acetic and/or propionic acid and/or C1-4Olkiluoto complex ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid and (C) modifying monomers,
the index of efficiency of the removal of grease detergent composition is at least about 10.

5. Detergent composition according to claim 4, characterized in that it contains from about 0.6% to about 18% of the polymer.

6. Detergent composition according to claim 4, characterized in that the index of the efficiency of cleaning the grease comprises from about 10 to about 90.

7. Detergent composition according to claim 4, characterized in that it further contains by weight from about 1% to about 50% of a surfactant and an index of the efficiency of the removal of grease detergent composition is at least about 10.

8. Detergent composition containing by weight:
A) from about 0.5% to about 20% polymer;
B) from about 1% to about 50% of a surfactant;
C) up to 100% of additional ingredients,
moreover, the polymer is a statistical grafted copolymer having a hydrophilic skeleton and hydrophobic side chains obtained by grafting (a) polyethylene oxide; (b) vinyl ether complex is kusnoy and/or propionic acid and/or C 1-4Olkiluoto complex ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid and (C) modifying monomers,
the ratio between wt.% polymer and an index of the efficiency of the removal of grease detergent composition is at least 1:2.

9. Detergent composition containing by weight:
A) from about 0.5% to about 20% polymer;
B) from about 5% to about 40% inorganic detergent component and
(C) up to 100% of additional ingredients,
moreover, the polymer is a statistical grafted copolymer having a hydrophilic skeleton and hydrophobic side chains obtained by grafting (a) polyethylene oxide; (b) vinyl ether complex of acetic and/or propionic acid and/or C1-4Olkiluoto complex ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid and (C) modifying monomers,
the ratio between wt.% polymer and an index of the efficiency of cleaning the dirt is at least 1:2.

10. Detergent composition according to any one of claims 1, 4, 8, or 9, characterized in that it further contains the enzyme lipase.

11. Detergent composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it further contains the enzyme lipase, and the index of efficiency of the removal of grease detergent composition is at least about 10.

12. Detergent composition according to claim 4, characterized in that it further contains the enzyme lipase, and the performance index of isdi from dirt detergent composition is at least about 10.

13. Detergent composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains by weight:
A) from about 0.5% to about 20% polymer;
B) from about 1% to about 50% anionic surfactants,
C) up to 100% of additional ingredients,
in this case, the cleaning composition has an index of clay suspension at least about 86.

14. Detergent composition according to item 13, wherein the index of the clay suspension is from about 86 to about 600.

15. Detergent composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains by weight:
A) from about 0.5% to about 20% polymer;
B) from about 1% to about 50% anionic surfactants,
(C) up to 100% of additional ingredients,
in this case, the cleaning composition has an index of growth of the foam is at least about 10.

16. Detergent composition according to any one of claims 1 to 9 or 11 to 15, characterized in that the polymer contains polietilenglikolya frame.

17. Detergent composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains
A) the lipase from about 5 LU/g of detergent composition to about 20000 LU/g of detergent composition;
B) from about 0.25% to about 20% by weight of polymer containing polietilenglikolya frame; and
C) up to 100% of additional ingredients.

18. Detergent composition according to any one of claims 1 to 9, 11 to 15 or 17, characterized in that the polymer has a weight average molecular weight from about 1000 g/mol to about 150000 g/mol.

19. Detergent composition will love one of claims 1 to 9, 11-15 or 17, characterized in that the polymer contains a hydrophilic skeleton, optionally containing attached hydrophobic fraction.

20. Detergent composition according to any one of claims 1 to 9, 11 to 15 or 17, characterized in that the polymer contains attached to the share, the share is selected from the group consisting of vinyl acetate share, butyl acrylate share and their mixture.

21. Detergent composition according to any one of claims 1 to 9, 11 to 15 or 17, wherein the polymer additionally contains many hydrolyzable shares.

22. Detergent composition according to item 21, in which the degree of hydrolysis of the polymer is from about 0 mol. % to about 75 mol. %.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: compositions contain certain versions of lipase and a photo-bleaching agent based on xanthene dye, a photoinitiator and their mixtures.

EFFECT: more efficient cleaning, leading to minimal undesirable bad smells.

11 cl, 3 tbl, 16 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to compositions which contain certain versions of lipase and a toned agent for fabric, and includes use of such compositions for cleaning and/or treating surface areas or fabric.

EFFECT: improved deposition of temporary colourant, reduced activity of the enzyme which leads to bad smell, and improved perception of cleanness.

17 cl, 3 tbl, 16 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent contains the components as follows, wt %: anionic surface active agent (SAG) - alkylbenzol sodium sulphonate 10-16; nonionic SAG - oxyethylated fatty alcohols or oxyethylated alkylphenol 2-5; sodium tripolyphosphate 15-25; organophosphonate compound - sodium salt 1-hydroxyethylidene of phosphonic acid or sodium diethylentriaminopentaxys-(methylene phosphonate) 0.2-0.6; polycarboxylate 0.5-1.5; carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.6; modified polyalkylene glycol 0.2-0.6; optical bleaching agent 0.05-0.3; soda ash 3-6; liquid glass 3.5-6.0; enzyme 0.4-0.7; defoaming agent 0.05-1.5; aromatiser 0.15-0.3; sodium sulphate and water to 100.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of bleaching detergent, all type decontamination with additional softening of fabric and without irritation of hand skin during manual washing, lower temperature modes of washing, reduced damage effect on metal parts of washing machines.

10 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is meant for soaking, washing and bleaching all types of textile articles, except articles from natural silk and wool, in any kind of machine, and also hand wash. Substance contains in % mass: an anionic surfactant 7-15, nonionic surfactant oxyethylated fatty alcohol 2-5, sodium tripolyphosphate 15-25, sodium ethylene-diaminotetraacetate (versene) 0.3-1, polycarboxylate, containing monomers of acrylic acid 0.2-0.6, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) (in terms of 100% of the share of the main substance) 0.4-0.6, sodium silicate (in terms of SiO2) - 2-5, sodium perborate or sodium percarbonate (in terms of activated oxygen) 1.5-4, tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) 0.5-3, enzymes 0.4-1, caustic ash 5-15, mixture of sodium carbonate and amorphous sodium silicate 2-5, optical brightener 0.05-0.4, perfume 0.1-0.3, sodium sulphate and water till 100.

EFFECT: increase in the effectiveness of the detergent with a whitening effect, removal of all kinds of dirt while adding extra softness without an irritating effect on the skin during hand washing, reducing the temperature regimes of washing, reduction in the harmful effect to the metallic part of the washing machine.

9 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to compositions of granulated synthetic detergents, meant for manual and machine washing (in any type of machine) and soaking all types of textiles, including coloured and other household needs. The detergent contains the following components in the given % mass: anionic surface active agent sodium alkylbenzenesulfonate 9-12; non-ionic surfactant 2-5; sodium tripolyphosphate 15-30; dispergator 0.3-1.2; carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.7; sodium silicate 3-6; modified polyalkylene glycol 0.2-0.6; enzyme 0.3-0.8; sodium carbonate 6-12; photo-bleaching agent 0.003-0.020; optical brightener 0.05-0.20; fragrance component 0.1-0.3; sodium sulphate and water up to 100. The non-ionic surfactant preferably contains oxyethylated monoalkylphenols based on propylene trimers or oxyethylated fatty alcohols. The dispergator used is sodium polyacrylate or sodium salt of a copolymer of maleic or acrylic acid or a sodium salt of a copolymer of acrylic, methacrylic and maleic acid. Alternatives of the synthetic detergent are also described.

EFFECT: increased effectiveness of the detergent, bleaching effect after washing, wider assortment of high quality granulated synthetic detergents.

7 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: enzymology, protein engineering, in particular enzyme with proteolysis activity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to new subtilisin variants obtained by substitution in amino acid sequence of wild-type enzyme following by certain charge alteration in corresponding site, namely negative charge increasing (positive charge decreasing) or vice versa. Subtilisin variants with the first-type substitutions have higher cleaning activities mainly in systems with law detergent concentrations. Subtilisin variants with the second-type substitutions have higher cleaning activities mainly in systems with high detergent concentrations. Variants being effective both in systems with low and high detergent concentration also are disclosed. New subtilisin variants are obtained by expression of DNA mutant sequence in cells of strain Bacillus. Subtilisin muteins of present invention are useful in cleaning compositions and composition for cloth treatment, as well as in animal feed additives.

EFFECT: enzyme of improved effectiveness.

18 cl, 4 dwg, 14 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: gene and protein engineering, in particular substances for detergents and cleaning compositions.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mutant forms of subtilisin Bacillus, obtained by certain combination of replacement in origin native enzyme amino acid sequence. Such mutant forms are differ from precursor subtilisin by increased cleaning effect. According to present invention all subtilisin variants are characterized either by residue substitution in position accepted to 232 position of Bacillus amyloliquifaciens amino acid sequence with valine, or by residue substitution in position accepted to 212 position of said subtilisin natural form with proline. To produce disclosed new form of enzyme respective mutant DNA sequences have been expressed in host cells, preferably in strain Bacillus cells with decreased level of proteases activity. Subtilisin variants of present invention are useful as components of any cleaning composition allowing for protease including.

EFFECT: new materials for detergents and cleaning compositions of improved effect.

6 cl, 5 dwg, 6 tbl, 3 ex

The invention relates to detergents and can be used both for manual and machine washing and soaking of all kinds of textile products, including non-ferrous, and other household needs

The invention relates to biotechnology; multicomponent system for mediated mediated enzymatic oxidation includes (a) an oxidation catalyst chosen from the group margantsovistyh oxidase, (b) an oxidizing agent chosen from the group comprising oxygen and oxygen-containing compounds, b) the mediator from the group of compounds containing Mn ions

The invention relates to the field of dyeing and finishing production and, in particular, to a method for removal of excess dye from printed or dyed fabric or yarn, comprising processing a rinsing solution containing at least one enzyme exhibiting peroxidase or LACCASO activity, in a concentration of 0.005 to 5 mg protein enzyme per 1 l of a solution for rinsing, oxidizing agent, mediator - 1-hydroxybenzotriazole in a concentration of from 1 μm to 1 mm and, optionally, additives

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves depositing onto fabric a polymer aqueous composition for dirt-repellent soaking from a water-soluble polymer 0.1-40 wt %, and a fabric softener which does not contain anionic surfactants and/or detergent salt components. The fabric with the deposited composition is rinsed.

EFFECT: improved masking of an unpleasant ordour from fabric when washing in washing machines.

10 cl, 7 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: method includes stage of article washing with detergent solution, which contains organic polymer, having spinnability, with average molecular weight of 1500000 or more, and where 60 mol % or more of its component monomers contain sulfonic acid group, or form of its salt, or sulfuric acid group, or form of its salt, provided that polyethylene oxide is unavailable. Invention also describes the following: method of hand washing, including stage of hand washing of laundry item with specified detergent solution, or washing solution produced by dissolution of detergent solution with more than 1-1000-multiple amount of water; and versions of detergents. Suggested washing solution may be used for hand washing.

EFFECT: improved smoothness of articles in process of washing and hand care, reduced unfavorable factors of squeaking, rough texture and physical fatigue in process of hand washing.

19 cl, 2 tbl, 11 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent composition for hand washing linen contains a polymer in which 90 wt % or more of monomer units consists ethylene oxide. The polymer has average molecular weight ranging from 1500000 or more to 4500000 or less and is contained in amount ranging from over 0.03 wt % to 5 wt % of the detergent composition. The composition also contains 10-40 wt % alkyl benzene sulphonate and 7-40 wt % alkalising agent.

EFFECT: improved smoothness when washing with mechanical friction.

11 cl, 1 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: cosmetology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cosmetology and is represented by a cleansing compound consisting from approximately 2.6% to approximately 3% (weight) of an aqueous emulsion of an acrylate copolymer, from approximately 7.7% to approximately 10.2% (weight) of an anionic surfactant and from approximately 1.4% to approximately 1.7% (weight) of an amphoteric surfactant, an effective quantity of balls of shea butter and seeds, the diametre of each ball varying within the range from 100 to 1200 micron; and additional ingredients required to bring the compound composition to 100%.

EFFECT: invention enables improvement of cleansing properties, is characterised by high translucency and improved stability.

15 cl, 3 ex, 1 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: first, waterproof layer of absorbing tissue is placed on victim's body surface under blood-stained section of clothes, then the section is continuously flushed and rubbed with a sponge soaked in aqueous flushing fluid with pH over 7.0 and hypoosmolarity under 140 milliosmol per litre of water at +26 to +42°C till the stain changes colour from red to yellow. Afterwards the tissue is replaced with a new one, stained clothe sector is soaked for up to 2 seconds in bleach fluid with pH over 7.0, and is soaked twice in 2 seconds by sponge with flushing fluid. Further the tissue is removed, wet fabric is dried by drying tissues and warm dry air flow.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency, safety and expediency of stain removal.

1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent contains, wt %: sodium alkylbenzolsulphonate 5-10, synthanol ALM-7 1-2, polyethylene glycol 1-2, trisodphium phosphate 4-16, caustic soda 1-2, and water - the rest.

EFFECT: higher detergent power in solid surface cleaning.

2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent contains the components as follows, wt %: anionic surface active agent (SAG) - alkylbenzol sodium sulphonate 10-16; nonionic SAG - oxyethylated fatty alcohols or oxyethylated alkylphenol 2-5; sodium tripolyphosphate 15-25; organophosphonate compound - sodium salt 1-hydroxyethylidene of phosphonic acid or sodium diethylentriaminopentaxys-(methylene phosphonate) 0.2-0.6; polycarboxylate 0.5-1.5; carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.6; modified polyalkylene glycol 0.2-0.6; optical bleaching agent 0.05-0.3; soda ash 3-6; liquid glass 3.5-6.0; enzyme 0.4-0.7; defoaming agent 0.05-1.5; aromatiser 0.15-0.3; sodium sulphate and water to 100.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of bleaching detergent, all type decontamination with additional softening of fabric and without irritation of hand skin during manual washing, lower temperature modes of washing, reduced damage effect on metal parts of washing machines.

10 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: composition, which contains one or several surface active substances (5-95 wt.%), 40 wt.% or more of all surface active substances being non-ionic, and one or several water-swellable polymers, which absorb water in amount exceeding their own weight (5-95 wt.%), is suggested. Weight ratio of surface active substances to water-swellable polymers is within 1:0.4 to 0.4:1. Water-swellable polymer is selected from the following compounds: polyacrylic acids, polyacrylates, cross-linked acrylates, guar gum and derivatives thereof, starch acrylic grafted copolymers, hydrolysates of starch acrylic grafted copolymers, cross-linked polyoxyethylene, cross-linked carboxymethyl cellulose, partially cross-linked water-swellable polymers, such as polyethylenoxide and polyacrylamide, isobutylene/maleic acid copolymers.

EFFECT: concentrates composition can be converted to an easy-to-use product by adding water prior to use.

15 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry of polymers.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes a composition for using as a conditioner and comprising water and at least one cationic polygalactomannan or derivative of cationic polygalactomannan. A lower limit of average molecular mass of these cationic substances is 5000 Da and the upper limit is 200000 Da, transparency value of 10% aqueous solution is above 80% at wavelength 600 nm. The protein content is less 1.0% as measured for polysaccharide mass and the content of aldehyde groups is at least 0.01 ml-eqiv./g. Residue for modification of cationic derivative of polygalactomannan is chosen from group comprising alkyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkylhydroxyalkyl and carboxymethyl wherein alkyl comprises in chain from 1 to 22 carbon atoms, Hydroxyalkyl is chosen from group comprising hydroxyethyl, hydroxypropyl and hydroxybutyl, and cation residue is chosen from compounds of quaternary ammonium but with exception of hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride. Proposed compositions are used for preparing a clear final product, for example, for personal hygiene agent and household chemistry agent.

EFFECT: improved preparing method, improved and valuable properties of composition.

55 cl, 11 tbl, 14 ex

FIELD: household chemical goods.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solid molded detergent compositions for cleaning hard surfaces, washing of textiles, or for personal hygiene. Cleaning agent contains 5 to 95% active detergent, 0 to 90% inorganic substance particles or other common ingredients, and at least 5% water. Outside surface of cleaning agent is covered by at least one polymer film formed by radiation hardening of polymer composition capable of being hardened under irradiation.

EFFECT: improved strength characteristics and imparted preservation of shape and integrity of cleaner lumps on prolonged contact with water.

22 cl, 6 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: textile conditioning agents contain 0.01 to 35% cationic softeners and at least 0.001% specific polymeric thickener, which is prepared by polymerization of 5 to 100 mol % vinyl-addition cationic monomer, 0 to 95 mol % acrylamide, and 70 to 300 ppm cross-linking agent based vinyl-addition bifunctional monomer. When compared to similar compositions containing analogous product obtained via polymerization but utilizing 5 to 45 ppm of cross-linking agent, considerable advantages are achieved.

EFFECT: facilitated transport of odorant contained in softener composition to textiles.

20 cl, 17 dwg, 11 ex

Up!