SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly to shipboard cranes. Proposed re-loader comprises hulls of two discarded submarine, at least two hulls jointed in T-like way or arranged parallel to each other and connected by additional elements, and at least one load-lifting device. At least one aforesaid hull is provided with fendering protection and mooring arrangements on hull both sides. Additional construction elements are arranged under water and/or on water surface and represent collapsible articulated members that can turn to contact aforesaid hulls. Load-lifting device can be represented by jib crane, gantry crane or bridge crane with jibs. Floating re-loader is equipped with power plant, propulsion units, ballast system and stake-pillars.
EFFECT: higher efficiency or reloading cargoes due to reduced distance between ship with no load-lifting units.
7 cl, 4 dwg
The technical field
The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to the ship's cranes, and can be used for handling operations afloat.
The level of technology
Known mooring handling system for containers containing a quay crane with cantilever spans and cargo trolley, gantry crane with cantilever spans and cargo truck  (document "A" No. 95116047, CL B65G 67/60, publication 27.08.1997,). The disadvantages of this system include low system performance under overload from vessel to vessel, for example from sea to river, and the need to use square pier.
Known floating dock-terminal-containing vessels, equipped with mooring devices and handling mechanisms, each vehicle is made in the form of a vessel, comprising a housing with cargo holds having bottom, side and deck slab and superstructure, upper deck ceiling which made the entire length of the vessel  (document "A" No. 96118091, CL VV 35/44, date of publication, 20.01.1998,). The disadvantages of this berth terminal is the technical complexity of the education transport system for loading and unloading.
Known closest to the invention analogue (prototype) p is abuchi crane, comprising a platform, a boom lifting device and the rotation mechanism  (document "A" No. 93002343, CL: VS 23/52, publication date 09.07.1995 year). To the disadvantage of the floating crane is the low productivity of the crane in overload from ship to ship, due to the significant distance between them when their production on both sides of the floating crane.
The essence of the invention.
The aim of the invention is to improve the performance of loading or unloading from vessel to vessel at the port dock, on the water or in the sea (in the drift, on the move or parked at anchor) by reducing the distance between vessels not fitted with a lifting device.
This goal is achieved by the fact that the floating material handler includes at least two interconnected (e.g., a T) buoyancy and at least one lifting device, and at least one buoyancy equipped fender protection and mooring devices on both its sides.
Possible variants of the parallel arrangement of placesthe and their connection additional connection elements placed under water and/or over the water. Possible equipment floating crane with a lifting device in the form of the boom, gantry or overhead travelling crane with consoles.
Possible equipment floating crane ene the power installation and propulsion the ballast system, and spuds piles.
As placesthe you can use discarded hull of the submarine.
Possible embodiments of the collapsible joints and articulated with the possibility of turning up to the junction of the sides of placesthe.
List of drawings
Figure 1 shows schematically the proposed floating crane with a T-shaped connection placesthe, top view;
figure 2 shows schematically the proposed floating crane with a parallel arrangement of placesthe, underwater connecting elements and loaded by a crane, top view;
figure 3 is a side view along a-a in figure 2;
figure 4 schematically depicts a floating crane with a parallel arrangement of placesthe, underwater and surface connecting elements and beam overhead crane with consoles, side view
Information confirming the possibility of carrying out the invention.
Floating material handler includes at least two interconnected (e.g., a T) buoyancy 1 and at least one lifting device 2, and at least one buoyancy 1 is equipped fender protection and mooring devices 3 on both its sides.
Buoyancy 1 are made of metal or reinforced concrete and connect between a metal connecting element is AMI 4 thus, what possible mooring 5 on both sides of at least one buoyancy 1.
With a parallel arrangement of placesthe 1 and the connecting elements 4 under water possible equipment floating crane with a lifting device 2 in the form of the boom of the crane 6 or gantry crane with crane tracks.
At the location of the connecting elements 4 above the water, they are in the form of columns 7 with transverse and longitudinal beams 8, which is fixed at least one bridge crane 9 with consoles 10, with possible production under overload three vessels simultaneously or two vessels in the formulation of floating material handler at the port berth.
The proposed floating crane provides improved performance loading or unloading from vessel to vessel at the port dock, on the water or in the sea (in the drift, on the move or parked at anchor) by reducing the distance between vessels not fitted with a lifting device.
1. Floating crane with housing decommissioned submarines and lifting device, characterized in that it contains at least two interconnected T-disposed or arranged parallel to each other and connected to additional elements of the floating body decommissioned submarines and at least one lifting device, when it is at least one case decommissioned submarine equipped with fender protection and mooring devices on both its sides.
2. Floating material handler according to claim 1, characterized in that the additional connection elements are located under water and/or over the water.
3. Floating material handler according to claim 1, characterized in that the lifting device is designed as a boom or gantry or bridge crane with consoles.
4. Floating material handler according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains the power plant, propulsion and ballast system.
5. Floating material handler according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains spuds piles.
6. Floating material handler according to claim 1, characterized in that the additional connection elements are made collapsible.
7. Floating material handler according to claim 1, characterized in that the additional connecting elements are articulated with the possibility of turning up to the junction of the sides of the buildings of the decommissioned submarines.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship lifting and rescue operations. Proposed complex comprises two self-propelled derrick boats furnished with load handling appliances with grippers. The latter comprises frame with rotary driven lugs that can embrace sunken ship without squeezing it. Note here that gripper can vary lengthwise and crosswise gripping angles to rule out suction of hull to bottom. Ship lifted to self-propelled derrick boats, bow and stern adapters-fairings and bottom adapters are attached to form self-propelled floating drydock.
EFFECT: possibility to lift sunken ships from various depth and safe transportation.
4 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for using during lifting sunken wrecks and other loads from beds of water bodies and for transportation of these loads in suspended state to destination point. Floating crane contains hoisting mechanisms with lifting arms, winches and grab hooks. There are two pontoons and hydraulic station with hydraulic cylinders for crane state changing and control system of hydraulic cylinders. Pontoons are pivotally interconnected by arms of hoisting mechanisms. Control system allows changing relative position of pontoons to provide transport or operating state of the crane. In transport state pontoons are at minimal distance from each other and rigidly interconnected. In operating state pontoons are moved apart by hydraulic cylinders and held by couplings and hydraulic cylinders in position corresponding to mutually perpendicular orientation of components of hoisting mechanisms arms. Suggested crane design provides simplified transition from transport state in operating state and vice versa.
EFFECT: increase in effectiveness of floating crane utilisation with reducing energy consumption for its transportation to the place of sunken wreck lifting and back and providing possibility to store the crane in wet docks when occupied space is limited.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: ship building.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises hoisting winch mounted on carrier ship, damping device with ascending-descending boom, control and feedback control units. Said ascending-descending boom is driven by motor. Given underwater position of the object, damping device boom moves in directions opposite to those of the ship caused by rocking. Damping device inertia is equalised by intermittent increments in shaft drive motor torque when ship changes its course.
EFFECT: stabilised depth of immersion during rocking.
FIELD: floating lifting facilities used for hoisting, mounting and transfer jobs.
SUBSTANCE: lifting facility includes floating base (ship's hull) carrying several derricks mounted on swivel pillars balanced by means of externally-mounted varying counter-weights suspended from auxiliary derricks lifting the large-sized cargo during joint operation in synchronism; distance between points of suspension of cargo may be changed depending on length and distribution of mass of large-sized cargo being lifted; they move on carriages over rails mounted on keel piece along ship's hull; they may be stowed in transportation position.
EFFECT: extended technical capabilities.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building of floating platforms.
SUBSTANCE: proposed floating platform has pontoon with site above water surface on which hoisting mechanism is mounted. Site has "n" holes with hollow mirrorlized light conduits placed in them for reception of light energy from 1 to N number of light sources. End of light conduit located below water surface is mounted in grid suspended from pontoon. Mounted on this grid is mechanism for hoisting and lowering the grid and swivel mechanism for supply of light energy to light conduit in required direction. Light conduit consists of sections. Light guide provided with screen filter is secured to grid.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities.
5 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to terminal for flow container processing using the port double incline. Proposed terminal comprises double incline, loading shop, systems of longitudinal and lateral conveyors, container platforms, hoisting cranes and computer-based control system. Terminals for containers loading on/unloading from railway cars are located at double incline between its crown and branching of delivery track, while conveyor lines run separately to every said loading/unloading site on appropriate track branch on two opposite sides. Additional branches are introduced into gap between double incline crown and first point starting branching of delivery tracks. Said additional branches are intended for distributing processed cars between separate tracks furnished with car loading/unloading facilities whereat car is stopped and locked by car decelerator. Then cars are again grouped on one track for further distribution between double incline delivery tracks.
EFFECT: higher efficiency with no increase in process area.
2 cl, 28 dwg
SUBSTANCE: terminal system for loading/reloading (51) the ships (50) - container vessels incorporates the first berth (21) which provides ability for container vessel mooring; at least, one first reloading appliance (40), which is arranged near the first berth and is used for reloading from and/or to container vessel accordingly to and/or from the specified transit buffer area (20), arranged near the first berth for load temporary storage; and, at least, one second reloading appliance (22) intended for reloading from and/or to the buffer area accordingly to and/or from the terminal structure for load storage. Transit buffer area contains dock, which essentially lies between the first berth and, at least, one second berth of terminal structure, which provides ability to interact with the second reloading appliance. The second reloading appliance is a floating appliance which provides ability to take load and move afloat between the first and second berths.
EFFECT: invention increases functionality and enhances reliability.
13 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: discharging method of various cargoes from the ship to non-self propelled waterborne vehicle and transportation thereof to the shore consists in the fact that non-self propelled waterborne vehicle is towed from the ship and attached to the buoy which through the connecting rope is attached to the leading rope wound up through snatch block attached to fixed mooring anchor. Leading rope has the possibility of being moved in both directions by means of a winch installed on the shore.
EFFECT: providing quicker delivery of the cargo supplied with waterborne vehicle to the addressee, as well as providing the possibility of discharging the load to unequipped shore.
FIELD: ship building.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device intended for loading and unloading loose materials comprises steel bridge (1) representing multi-span beam resting upon pile foundation (2), and mooring pier supporting appliances intended for one or several ship unloaders and/or unloaders (5) and for pier belt conveyor (33) passing over the entire length of aforesaid bridge. Aforesaid unloaders (5) and/or unloaders are arranged to move on along bridge (1) and comprise at least one travelling boom with belt conveyor. Said boom can move on unloader (5), across steel bridge rack and ship lengthwise axis, or to turn about the unloader around its horizontal and/or vertical axis.
EFFECT: reduced and simplified design.
16 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed complex comprises sea terminal and device intended for loading tans cars on the ferry that includes railway. Aforesaid device is mounted on the said sea terminal to move relative to the latter. Note here that proposed complex comprises support structures mounted nearby moorage wall on the sea bottom and arranged to allow mounting strong linkages of the aforesaid ferry hull. Note also that crosswise sections or railways arranged on ferry cargo deck comply with those of railways mounted on aforesaid loading device arranged on the berth.
EFFECT: simplified loading/unloading, higher reliability and efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction engineering. Method of roll-out loading and unloading heavy cargoes from floating crafts onto/from the beach comprises floating craft mooring and seating on sand bottom bed. Prior to every floating craft seating, the sand bed is plough-loosed or the like to form underwater lateral furrows and ridges to reduce the floating craft uplifting force. Ridge pitch is set equal to floating craft hull balance frame pitch. It is possible to divide the said sand bed into identical squares. A present amount of sand is dumped vertically onto every square. Note also that it is possible to lay, under water, the flexible tubular drains for the crafts to seat thereon.
EFFECT: lower costs of sand bed preparation, reduction in floating craft uplifting force in deballasting and reduced floating up time.
4 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: shipping industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to sea transport - and namely to building and operation of transshipment complexes. Seawater complex used for transshipping containers in coastal areas consists of two parts - nearshore shallow-water part and island deep-water part. In nearshore shallow-water part of the complex, which is located so that it is directly connected with the shore, there arranged is the complex that receives containers from land transport types: railroad and automobile ones, and there performed is storage and stockpiling of containers and formation of freight shipments. In island deep-water part of the complex there accommodated are heavy-tonnage vessels. At that containers are delivered from coastal part to the island part and vice versa by means of self-propelled shallow-draft barges.
EFFECT: simplifying the building of transshipment complex owing to the possibility of excluding the building of approach channel.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of unloading polystyrene from the ship bulk holds prior to repair or utilisation works. The said method includes cutting out openings in the ship upper and lower bulk heads, placing a pan in the lower cut-out opening to pour loose polystyrene in, crushing the sintered polystyrene and removing it through the lower provisional opening. The sintered polystyrene is crushed by mechanical means. For this, a rotary long lance is moved through the upper provisional opening inside the bulk head and a nozzle of vacuum unit hose is fitted in the lower provisional opening. Polystyrene is sacked into one of the vacuum unit sacks to be changed over on filling, the filled up sack being replaced with a new one. Note that humidified air is forced through the upper provisional opening to prevent polystyrene granule electrisation and to blow the granules off the bulk head surfaces. Polystyrene stuck to the ship inner surfaces and that poured into the aforesaid pan is gathered by the said vacuum unit.
EFFECT: dry high-efficiency continuous unloading of polystyrene from the submarine ballast tanks ruling out its scattering on over the slip.
FIELD: loading-unloading means.
SUBSTANCE: device to load loose cargoes into the ship holds incorporates a trestle with columns (7), loading chute (8) to receive loose cargo from the pneumowheel transport dump vehicle arranged to move all along the loading site width and hinged to rectangular flat frame (13) coupled with the said chute by power cylinders. The loading chute motion mechanism is formed by an infinite flexible element enclosing, by means of a drive and tension units, the trestle columns with a clearance and clamped on the said rectangular flat frame by grips (25). The aforesaid rectangular flat frame is furnished, in its top, with vertical rollers (18) and, at its bottom, horizontal rollers (20) interacting with guides (19) and (21) fixed at the trestle columns, respectively. The said frame incorporates a light device to locate the loading chute position within the limits of the loading site. The position of the flexible elements grips is selected from the expression W1l1=W2l2, where W1 W2 is the resistance to motion on the guides of the upper and lower rollers, respectively, caused by weight loads from the frame and the chute, l1, l2 are distances from the grips to the upper and lower rollers, respectively.
EFFECT: simpler design and control.
FIELD: transportation of disabled nuclear submarines on watercraft.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes reception-embarkation of submarine on watercraft which consists of two floating transport groups; each transport group consists of two pontoons which are made from hulls of three-compartment modules of submarines which were recovered previously; these hulls are interconnected by means of cargo davits; then, disabled submarine is transferred to recovery point where it is debarked. For embarkation of disabled submarine on watercraft, both transport groups are slightly submerged by means of ballast system and cargo davits with keel blocks of transport groups are brought under the submarine, after which transport groups are slightly raised with the aid of ballast system to bring the cargo davits in contact with submarine hull, thus placing her on keel blocks of both transport groups of watercraft. Then, submarine is secured to hulls of three-compartment modules. For debarkation, the procedure is reversed.
EFFECT: enhanced safety of transportation and low cost of process.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: floating structure is composed of two serially manufactured bodies of metal moorages for large military ships equipped with serial devices. The bodies are connected above the water level with a bridge. Mounted on the floating structure are a serial drilling facility MBK-125, a drilling fluid circulation system, a power plant, a positioning system. The structure is brought to the drilling place, dropped onto the ground accepting water ballast and fixed with the help of pile devices. One performs well drilling; after its completion the structure is lifted and transported to another place.
EFFECT: possibility to develop deposits at depths specified (1,1-1,3 m).
FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: floating platform for sea wells boring and production in Arctic conditions contains boring and production equipment, including drill stem, water separating casing string, lifting pipes and pump bars, at that the mentioned above tube and bar strings during an operation process equipped with a floating elements on their external surface, made as filled with gas nitrogen or inertial gas solid plates of welded detachable balloons. The platform equipped with an ice breaker for ice pressure protection and anchored to the bottom via anchors with cables, on which balloons fixed. In the casing water separation string installed location detectors, at its bottom part there is a window for connection with hole clearance, which during the boring covered with a pipe with a balance, hanged with a balloon cables on the platform. The external surfaces of the sea casing water separation string, boring pipes, lifting pipes, pump bars and balloons have a water protection cover, and can be made of steel or aluminium alloys, or ceramic metal or polymers.
EFFECT: invention provides production and boring equipment safety operation due to loads from casing string and drill stem, also pump bars and lifting pipes weight decreasing.
6 cl, 6 dwg