Vehicle navigation system

FIELD: physics, navigation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a vehicle navigation system. The navigation system includes a vehicle, an information display (40) fitted in the vehicle, a portable GPS unit (10) and an interface (30) for transmitting data between the portable GPS unit and the information display fitted in the vehicle. The information display (40) is mounted on the vehicle and is visible to the driver. The portable GPS unit (10) includes a GPS sensor for determining location of the GPS unit and a portable information display (20). The portable GPS unit (10) is fitted in a positioning unit in the vehicle such that the portable information display is visible to the driver. Data from the portable GPS unit (10) can be displayed on the information display fitted in the vehicle. In the first version, the portable GPS unit (10) includes a central processing unit (15) for storing several locations. The information display (40) fitted in the vehicle and the portable information display (20) display different information on location of the GPS unit relative the stored locations. An input device (50) is designed for transmitting a signal from the portable GPS unit (10) through the data transmission interface (30). The input device (50) is fitted as an alternative solution on the information display (40) fitted in the vehicle or is fitted such that the driver can operate it without taking hands off vehicle control elements. The input device (50) is designed for transmitting a signal to the portable GPS unit (10) for storing the location of the GPS unit in the central processing unit (15). In the second version, the information display (40) fitted in the vehicle displays data from the portable GPS unit (10) when receiving data from the data transmission interface (30) and displays data from a sensor fitted in the vehicle when the data transmission interface (30) and the portable GPS unit (10) are interrupted.

EFFECT: easy vehicle control.

31 cl, 6 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

Embodiments of the invention relate to a navigation system of a vehicle, which includes a installed in the vehicle information display and the portable unit global navigation and positioning (GPS), which can communicate with the installed in the vehicle information display.

The level of technology

Global navigation and positioning or GPS uses information downloaded from the satellite network and stored or downloaded map information so as to facilitate user navigation. GPS systems can be made very compact and portable and have many functions. The combination of satellite data and mapping information enables the reader to understand their current position on the map, the planning of the course to the desired location, tracking progress and perform other useful navigation tasks. GPS has long been used to control the speed of the vehicle and navigation.

With the development of GPS technology, its use becomes more widespread. The use of GPS units in recreational applications increases significantly, however, there are many obstacles that require overcoming.

The essence of the image is the shadow

One embodiment of the present invention includes a navigation system of a vehicle in a vehicle having mounted in the vehicle information display, mounted on the vehicle that is visible to the driver of the vehicle. This option may include a portable GPS unit and GPS sensor capable of determining the location of the GPS unit, and a portable display. Point of installation in the vehicle selected for installation of the GPS unit so that the portable information display visible to the driver of the vehicle. This run also includes a data interface between a portable GPS unit installed in the vehicle display, so that the data from the portable GPS unit can be displayed on installed in the vehicle display.

Another embodiment of the present invention includes a navigation system of a vehicle in a vehicle having mounted in the vehicle information display, mounted on the vehicle that is visible to the driver of the vehicle. This option may include a portable GPS unit with GPS sensor capable of determining the location of the GPS unit, and a portable display. Point of installation of the GPS unit to transport the second tool selected that the portable information display visible to the driver of the vehicle. This run also includes a data interface between a portable GPS unit installed in the vehicle display, so that the data from the portable GPS unit can be displayed on installed in the vehicle display. The data interface this option, perform also enables you to display data of the vehicle on the portable display unit.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the navigation system of the vehicle includes a vehicle having mounted in the vehicle information display, mounted on the vehicle that is visible to the driver of the vehicle. This option may include a portable GPS unit that includes a GPS sensor that can determine the location of the GPS unit, and a portable display. Point of installation of the GPS unit in the vehicle is selected so that the portable information display visible to the driver of the vehicle. This run also includes a data interface between a portable GPS unit installed in the vehicle information display so that the data from the portable GPS unit can be displayed on a prescribed transport is restwe display. In this embodiment, the vehicle further includes an input device, which is designed to send a signal to the GPS unit via the data interface.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the navigation system of the vehicle includes a vehicle having mounted in the vehicle information display, fixed in a vehicle that is visible to the driver of the vehicle. This option may include a portable GPS unit that includes a GPS sensor that can determine the location of the GPS unit, and a portable display. Point of installation of the GPS unit in the vehicle is selected so that the portable information display visible to the driver of the vehicle. This run also includes a data interface between a portable GPS unit installed in the vehicle information display so that the data from the portable GPS unit can be displayed on installed in the vehicle display. In this embodiment, the vehicle further includes an input device, which is designed to send a signal to the GPS unit via the data interface. The vehicle has the manual controls of the vehicle to control the work of the th vehicle, and the input device is located so that the driver can make it work without removing the hands from the controls of the vehicle.

Brief description of drawings

In the drawings shows:

figure 1 - block diagram of a variant implementation of the invention;

figure 2 - example of display according to a variant implementation of the invention;

figure 3 - vehicle according to one variant of carrying out the invention in isometric projection;

figure 4 - vehicle according to a variant implementation of the invention, viewed from behind;

figure 5 - vehicle according to one variant of carrying out the invention in isometric projection;

6 is a vehicle according to one variant of carrying out the invention in isometric projection.

Detailed description of the invention

Global navigation and positioning, or GPS are becoming increasingly popular with the development of technology. GPS systems are now portable and very light and easy to handle. Held in the hand units such as Garmin®GPSmap76S and others allow the user to navigate while driving with the help of a vehicle or the like, and allow you to use the blocks in more than one vehicle.

Network GPS satellite transmits data in blocks GPS. GPS take this information and use triangulation to calculate the position of the block. If the GPS unit is supplied with stored map information, the GPS display can display the position of the block on the map.

The GPS unit must receive a signal from at least three satellites to calculate the latitude and longitude of the block and tracing. When receiving signals from four or more satellites, the receiver can determine latitude, longitude and altitude or three-dimensional position. After determining the user position the GPS unit can calculate other information, such as speed, azimuth, route, distance traveled, distance to the destination, time of sunrise and sunset, etc.

The GPS units can record the location as "waypoint". Waypoints can be stored in the GPS unit as the targets to be achieve during the trip. Points relating to the current position of the block may be maintained at various points during the trip to ensure the return journey or route overview. Saving waypoints can be performed manually by the operator of the unit or automatically by the unit, for example, at regular intervals.

Some embodiments of the invention relate to a navigation system of a vehicle that includes a vehicle is installed in the vehicle information display which is visible to the driver Tran is tailor tools. You have a portable GPS unit that includes a GPS sensor that can determine the location of the GPS unit. A portable GPS unit also has a portable display for displaying information to the user may include the user's location, altitude, direction, distance to a specified place, time to a specified place and other interest data. A portable GPS unit can be used independently of the vehicle, if the user walks or uses other means of transport other than the vehicle. In some embodiments, execution of a point install a portable GPS unit on the vehicle. The point of the installation can be designed for installation on a portable GPS unit so that the portable display visible to the driver of the vehicle. You might have a data interface, so that data from a portable GPS unit, you can pass in installed in the vehicle display to display. In some of these embodiments it is possible to provide two-way communication via the data interface and to display the data of the vehicle on the portable display. Can also be provided that the input device located in the display of the vehicle, transmits a signal through the interface is transmitting data in the GPS unit.

Figure 1 shows a block diagram of a variant implementation of the invention. The unit 10 includes GPS navigation software and signs in block 15 of the Central processor and the GPS antenna 17 capable of receiving signals from global positioning satellites. Unit 10 GPS running in conjunction with the portable display 20, which can be used to display data associated with the block 10 GPS. Unit 10 GPS and portable display 20 together form a portable navigation unit, which may carry a user who travels in a vehicle, on foot or from one vehicle to another vehicle. The CPU of the GPS unit can calculate and store the information that will be captured by a GPS unit or by the user.

The GPS unit according to this invention can be connected via the interface 30 data transmission installed in the vehicle information display 40 according to the options of carrying out the invention. The interface 30 of the data can be RS-232 port with the appropriate wires or any type of wired input (for example, serial, parallel, or USB), a wireless interface (for example, Bluetooth® technology, Wi-Fi, infrared or radio frequency) or any other interface or data transfer Protocol known in the prior art. Information is ia the vehicle from the sensor 60 of the vehicle can also be displayed in the manner prescribed in the vehicle information display 40, or can be transmitted via the interface 30 of the data in the portable display 20 to display. Unit 45 controls the vehicle in this embodiment acts as a unit of the Central processor for sensor 60 of the vehicle, installed in the vehicle information display 40, the device 50 and input interface 30 data. In these cases, the interface 30 data transmission can be designed for two-way communication to ensure display of GPS data from the block 10 GPS installed in the vehicle information display 40 and the display data of the vehicle from the sensors 60 of the vehicle on the portable display 20. The sensor 60 of the vehicle may be a speed sensor vehicle speed sensor engine speed sensor gear transmission, engine temperature sensor, sensor, engine diagnostics, oil level sensor, oil pressure sensor or any other sensor known from the prior art.

The device 50 input can transmit signals at the command of the driver of the vehicle in the block 10 GPS. For example, the driver may decide to set a waypoint at the current position through actuation device 50 of the input. Another example might be the decision of the manufacturer to start the automatic recording of consecutive points of the path with predetermined time intervals by means of the actuation device 50 of the input. This is usually called “marking the way” and allows the user to automatically save the view distance, the GPS unit. Another example may be the actuation device 50 input for the compilation of the return route along the path defined previously saved waypoint.

Figure 2 shows examples of displays according to a variant implementation of the invention. In this case, the portable unit 10 includes GPS portable display 20. The portable unit 10 GPS may include a portable input unit 110 to input data in block 10, in the vehicle or outside of it. The portable display 20 can display the map information 70, information 80 of the vehicle and information 90 GPS. Figure 2 shows also installed in the vehicle information display 40. Installed in the vehicle information display in this case displays information 90 GPS, which is transmitted from the block 10 GPS interface 30 data (not illustrated). Installed in the vehicle information display can also display information from the sensor 60 of the vehicle. Installed in the vehicle information display 40 according to this variant implementation also includes a device 50 input located on the manner prescribed in the vehicle information shall include the display, which you can use to transfer data to the portable unit 10 GPS. By providing simultaneous visibility as a portable display 20, and is installed in the vehicle information display 40 by the driver of the vehicle embodiments of the invention allow you to display a large and varying amount of information to the attention of the driver.

Figure 3 shows in isometric projection of a vehicle according to a variant implementation of the invention. The vehicle 300 has a frame 310 that supports or which has several components, including the engine, saddle seat 320, at least one actuator 330 and wheels 340, hanging on the active suspension 350. Seat 320 is intended for the location of the driver with spaced legs, and the engine drives the transmission 330 for movement of the vehicle 300. Leverage 360 control is connected with a pair of wheels 340 to operate. Shown in figure 3 an embodiment includes also installed in the vehicle information display 40 that is visible to the driver of the vehicle, when he sits on the seat 320. In this embodiment, the levers 360 control device 50 of the input that the driver can operate without removing hands from the levers 30 control. The device 50 input may consist of one or more switches or buttons that allow the driver to save the waypoint block 10 GPS, activate “marking the path through block 10 GPS, or to perform other functions specified by the system. In the alternative or additionally, the device 50 input may be positioned at other locations in the vehicle. Installed in the vehicle information display 40 may have installed on it the device 50 of the input, which can also be used to transfer data in block 10 GPS. These locations of the input unit are given only as examples, and for specialists in the art after reading this disclosure may be obvious and others that are included in the scope of the attached claims. Unit 10 GPS can be installed at the point 100 of the installation so that the portable display 20 is also visible to the driver of the vehicle when the seat 320. Unit 10 GPS may include a portable device 110 input.

Figure 4 shows the view behind the vehicle according to a variant implementation of the invention. Vehicle 410 includes a frame 400 on which they are supported and installed the various components of the vehicle, including the engine, located close on the yr with another seat 420, at least one drive transmission 430 and wheel 440. The vehicle shown in figure 4 embodiment also includes cargo area 450 for transporting heavy or awkward loads. Seat 420 is designed to be placed next to each other of the driver and passenger, and the engine and transmission 430 for driving the vehicle 440. The vehicle shown in figure 4 according to a variant of execution includes also installed in the vehicle information display 40. The vehicle shown in figure 4 according to a variant of implementation also includes the installation point 100, which may be mounted unit 10 GPS. When the unit 10 GPS installed in the installation point 100, the portable information display 20 is visible to the driver of a vehicle seat 420. As installed in the vehicle information display visible to the driver from his seat 420, it is possible to realize the advantage of both displays, when the portable unit 10 GPS installed in the installation point 100. In this embodiment, is also provided interface 30 data (not shown) and the device 50 input (not illustrated). The device 50 input is located on the steering wheel (not shown) in position to operate the driver cf is DSTV without removing hands from the steering wheel.

Figure 5 shows in isometric projection of a vehicle according to a variant implementation of the invention. Vehicle 500 includes a chassis or frame, on which they are supported and installed the various components of the vehicle, including the engine, the seat 510 truck type, side step 520, at least one drive element, such as a drive caterpillar 530 and a pair of relying on a land ski 540. Seat 510 is designed to accommodate both in the saddle for the driver and the motor actuates the drive caterpillar 530 for driving the vehicle 500. There is installed in the vehicle information display which is visible to the driver of a vehicle with a saddle seat 510. Point 100 installation allows you to install the unit 10 GPS in the vehicle 500 so that the portable information display 20 of the portable unit 10 GPS visible to the driver of the vehicle seat 510.

In some embodiments, performing a portable GPS unit can be connected to the data interface without installation the mounting point 100. In these versions of the portable GPS unit can be located in the clothing of the driver (e.g. in your pocket), attached to the driver belt clip or bracket, in the glove box of the vehicle or in any location near y is set in the vehicle information display. Situated thus, a portable GPS unit can be connected to the interface data transmission by wire or without wire.

Figure 6 shows in isometric projection of a vehicle according to a variant implementation of the invention. Shown in Fig.6 vehicle 600 includes a housing 610, which relies on the deck 620, which in turn relies seat 630 truck type. The engine drives a pump that pushes under pressure stream of water through the driving nozzle 640 for the propulsion of vehicles 600 on the water. Arm 650 control is connected to the nozzle 640 to rotate the vehicle with the support stabilizatory floats 660. The vehicle includes installed in the vehicle information display 40 that is visible to the driver from the seat 630. This alternative implementation includes the installation point 100, which can be installed in the portable unit 10 GPS. When the portable unit 10 GPS installed in the installation point 100, the portable information display 20 is visible to the driver of a vehicle seat 630. The vehicle 600 includes a device 50 input that can be used to transfer data to the portable unit 10 GPS without removing the driver's hands from the handle 650 management. Examples of data that can introduce the use of the device 50 of the input data, include a signal for marking the current situation, the signal of the beginning of the sequential save location with time intervals (marking the way), or a signal for reverse tracking current route from a previously saved location. These data can alternately be introduced through the portable input device 110 or device 50 input located in another location of the vehicle, for example, is installed in the vehicle information display 40.

Although it describes the preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be understood that various changes, adaptations and modifications without departing from the inventive concept and scope defined by the attached claims.

1. The navigation system of the vehicle containing the vehicle(300, 400, 500, 600), with controls (360, 650) for vehicle control(300, 400, 500, 600), installed in the vehicle information display (40)mounted on the vehicle and visible to the driver of the vehicle, the portable unit (10) GPS includes GPS sensor to determine the location of the GPS unit and also includes a portable information display (20), while the GPS unit is installed in the installation (100) in the vehicle, so p is renooy information display (20) is visible to the driver of the vehicle, the interface (30) data transfer between a portable unit (10) GPS installed in the vehicle display, so that the data from the portable unit (10) GPS can be displayed in the manner prescribed in the vehicle information display (40), characterized in that the portable unit (10) GPS includes a block (15) of the Central processor for storing a variety of locations, when installed in the vehicle information display (40) and the portable information display (20) display various information about the location of the portable unit (10) GPS relative to the stored locations the location, the navigation system of a vehicle includes a device (50) input designed for signal transmission from the portable unit (10) GPS interface (30) of the data transfer, the device (50) input is as alternative solutions installed in the vehicle information display (40) or located so that the driver can make it work without removing hands from the controls of the vehicle, the device (50) input is intended to send a signal to the portable unit (10) GPS to save the location of the portable unit (10) GPS unit (15) of the Central processor.

2. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 1, characterized who eat the interface (30) data also contains a serial port and cables.

3. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 2, characterized in that the serial port also contains the RS-232 port.

4. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the interface (30) data contains a wireless interface.

5. The navigation system of the vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the interface (30) data provides the display data of the vehicle on the portable information display (20).

6. The navigation system of the vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the navigation program stored in the block (15) of the Central processor.

7. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 6, characterized in that the block (15) of the Central processor compares the location of the portable unit (10) GPS with stored locations.

8. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 7, characterized in that the navigation program includes the specified location.

9. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 8, characterized in that the block (15) of the Central processor compares the location of the portable unit (10) GPS with predetermined locations.

10. The navigation system is but a vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that mounted in the vehicle information display (40) and the portable information display (20) display various information about the location of the portable unit (10) GPS.

11. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that mounted in the vehicle information display (40) and the portable information display (20) display various information about the location of the portable unit (10) GPS relative to the specified location.

12. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the interface (30) data also contains a serial port and cables.

13. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the portable unit (10) includes GPS unit (15) of the Central processor to automatically save the location of the block with predetermined time intervals, mounted on a vehicle information display (40) and the portable information display (20) display various information about the location of the portable unit (10) GPS relative to the stored locations.

14. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 13, wherein the navigation program stored in the block (15) of the Central processor.

15. Navigation system TRANS is Ortego means 13, characterized in that the block (15) of the Central processor performs the registration of the location of the portable unit (10) GPS time by automatically save multiple locations with predetermined time intervals.

16. The navigation system of the vehicle containing the vehicle(300, 400, 500, 600), installed in the vehicle sensor (60) to determine the operating parameter of the vehicle, installed in the vehicle information display (40)mounted on the vehicle to display the data installed on the vehicle sensor and visible to the driver of the vehicle, the portable unit (10) GPS includes GPS sensor to determine the location of the portable unit (10) including GPS and also the portable information display (20) and the interface (30) data transfer between a portable unit (10) GPS installed in the vehicle display, characterized in that mounted in the vehicle information display (40) displays the data from the portable unit (10) GPS when receiving data from the interface (30) data and displays the data from the installed in the vehicle sensor when the interface (30) data with the portable unit (10) GPS is aborted.

17. Navigation system transport cf is DSTV on P16, characterized in that the portable unit (10) GPS installed in the installation (100) on the vehicle so that the portable information display (20) is visible to the driver of the vehicle.

18. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 16, characterized in that the interface (30) data also contains a wireless interface.

19. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 16, characterized in that the interface (30) data allows you to display data of the vehicle on the portable information display (20).

20. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 16, characterized in that the vehicle (300, 400, 500, 600) also includes a device (50) input, which is intended to send a signal to the portable unit (10) GPS interface (30) data.

21. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 20, characterized in that it contains controls (360, 650) for vehicle control(300, 400, 500, 600), and the device (50) input is located so that the driver can make it work without removing hands from the control elements of the vehicle.

22. The navigation system of the vehicle according to claim 20, characterized in that the device (50) input is located on is installed in the vehicle information display (40).

2. The navigation system of the vehicle according to any one of p-22, characterized in that the portable unit (10) GPS also contains the block (15) of the Central processor for storing a variety of locations.

24. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 23, characterized in that the device (50) input is intended to send a signal to the portable unit (10) GPS to save the location of the portable unit (10) GPS unit (15) of the Central processor.

25. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 23, wherein the navigation program stored in the block (15) of the Central processor.

26. Navigation system for vehicles according to paragraph 24, wherein the block (15) of the Central processor compares the location of the portable unit (10) GPS with stored locations.

27. The navigation system of the vehicle on p, characterized in that the navigation program includes the specified location.

28. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 27, wherein the block (15) of the Central processor compares the location of the portable unit (10) GPS with predetermined locations.

29. The navigation system of the vehicle according to any one of p-22, characterized in that mounted on a vehicle information display 40 and the portable information display (20) display various information about the location of the portable unit (10) GPS.

30. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 23, characterized in that mounted on a vehicle information display (40) and the portable information display (20) display various information about the location of the portable unit (10) GPS relative to the stored information.

31. The navigation system of a vehicle according to item 27, characterized in that mounted on a vehicle information display (40) and the portable information display (20) display various information about the location of the portable unit (10) GPS relative to the specified locations.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: physics; navigation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to navigation equipment of vehicles. The proposed navigation device can display directions on a display, receive a video signal from a camera and display a combination of the image from the camera and directions on the display. The device, which is a portable navigation device, includes a built-in camera. The device can provide an option from the menu which enables the user to regulate relative position of the displayed image from the camera with respect to the directions.

EFFECT: using the proposed device, instructions which can be quickly and easily interpreted are displayed for the user.

15 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: physics; measurement.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to portable navigation systems particularly for installation in an automobile. The portable personal navigation device is programmed with possibility of linking any function, related to a basic set of functions, with a non-overlapping input sensory area, which is sufficiently large for reliable activation by touching with a finger. The invention is based on understanding that, a set of basic functions can be identified, and can then be reliably selected/activated by touching the input sensory area with a finger, where the input sensory area is sufficiently large for reliable activation. This is especially preferable for a navigation device installed in an automobile, in which the basic functions are those functions which are likely to be activated by the driver when driving the automobile.

EFFECT: design of a portable navigation device with a non-overlapping input sensory area, which is sufficiently large for reliable activation by touching with a finger.

18 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: physics, measurement.

SUBSTANCE: device of information provision enables relevant confirmation of information content which facilitates movement of moving object and is represented by image display unit, even in conditions of vibration affecting image display unit at a level not lower than given value. Equipment includes image display unit mounted in vehicle and allowing display of information facilitating movement of vehicle, vibration sensor detecting vibration equal or exceeding specified level applied to image display unit, and transmitting detection output signal, and operation control unit modifying display mode for information presenting image display by image display unit into information including data content which can be recognised if detection output signal of vibration sensor indicates than image display unit is affected by vibration equal or exceeding specified level for time period longer or equal to specified period.

EFFECT: device of information provision enabling relevant confirmation of information content, facilitating movement of moving object.

8 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to navigation and may be used in cartography, geodesy and in performance of works related to preparation of maps during investigations of different geophysical processes. Generalised information presented to navigator for supervision and control of vessel sailing is formed and displayed on screen with electronic marker in explicit manner by processing of information generated by vessel radars of circular scan on the basis of determination of oncoming vessels course, speed and bearing, maneuver characteristics of both the vessel and oncoming vessels, which are determined with consideration of multiple vessel and geophysical parameters at the current moment of time.

EFFECT: increase of validity of displayed graphical information.

4 dwg

Laser beacon // 2248299

FIELD: laser systems for transmitting and measuring information, possibly in marine and river ships for guiding them in complex waterways and for providing their safety navigation in near shore zone, in other branches needing remote measurement of range, coordinates and speed of object.

SUBSTANCE: laser beacon includes multi-color laser target, lens, splitting plate, built-in monitoring unit, optic system of photo-detector, photo-detector, units for preliminary amplification and shaping signals. Scanning semiconductor laser with electronic pumping is used as irradiation source. In order to realize it, beacon includes scanning electron-beam tube with controlled electron-beam sweeping. Electron beam control unit is used for controlling said tube. Timing unit is used for locking-in operation of electron-beam control unit in accordance with memory unit for storing information including readings corresponding to time moments of pulse reception from signal shaping unit for odd and even screens. Signal train of timing unit is supplied to other inlet of memory unit and the same signal train is supplied to electron-beam control unit. Computer is used for receiving signals from memory unit and from built-in testing unit. In computer according to given program parameters of one or several objects are calculated for forming control signals corresponding to said parameters and applied to electron-beam control unit. The last forms dimensions of modulated color zones. It allows to control color zones at changing their configurations if necessary according to desired conditions.

EFFECT: enhanced safety of guiding ships along complex waterways in near-shore zones.

2 dwg

The invention relates to the field of control of moving objects, in particular to stabilize the ship when the perturbation

The invention relates to the field of television technology and can be used in navigation systems and systems for preventing collisions

Laser beacon // 2248299

FIELD: laser systems for transmitting and measuring information, possibly in marine and river ships for guiding them in complex waterways and for providing their safety navigation in near shore zone, in other branches needing remote measurement of range, coordinates and speed of object.

SUBSTANCE: laser beacon includes multi-color laser target, lens, splitting plate, built-in monitoring unit, optic system of photo-detector, photo-detector, units for preliminary amplification and shaping signals. Scanning semiconductor laser with electronic pumping is used as irradiation source. In order to realize it, beacon includes scanning electron-beam tube with controlled electron-beam sweeping. Electron beam control unit is used for controlling said tube. Timing unit is used for locking-in operation of electron-beam control unit in accordance with memory unit for storing information including readings corresponding to time moments of pulse reception from signal shaping unit for odd and even screens. Signal train of timing unit is supplied to other inlet of memory unit and the same signal train is supplied to electron-beam control unit. Computer is used for receiving signals from memory unit and from built-in testing unit. In computer according to given program parameters of one or several objects are calculated for forming control signals corresponding to said parameters and applied to electron-beam control unit. The last forms dimensions of modulated color zones. It allows to control color zones at changing their configurations if necessary according to desired conditions.

EFFECT: enhanced safety of guiding ships along complex waterways in near-shore zones.

2 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to navigation and may be used in cartography, geodesy and in performance of works related to preparation of maps during investigations of different geophysical processes. Generalised information presented to navigator for supervision and control of vessel sailing is formed and displayed on screen with electronic marker in explicit manner by processing of information generated by vessel radars of circular scan on the basis of determination of oncoming vessels course, speed and bearing, maneuver characteristics of both the vessel and oncoming vessels, which are determined with consideration of multiple vessel and geophysical parameters at the current moment of time.

EFFECT: increase of validity of displayed graphical information.

4 dwg

FIELD: physics, navigation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a vehicle navigation system. The navigation system includes a vehicle, an information display (40) fitted in the vehicle, a portable GPS unit (10) and an interface (30) for transmitting data between the portable GPS unit and the information display fitted in the vehicle. The information display (40) is mounted on the vehicle and is visible to the driver. The portable GPS unit (10) includes a GPS sensor for determining location of the GPS unit and a portable information display (20). The portable GPS unit (10) is fitted in a positioning unit in the vehicle such that the portable information display is visible to the driver. Data from the portable GPS unit (10) can be displayed on the information display fitted in the vehicle. In the first version, the portable GPS unit (10) includes a central processing unit (15) for storing several locations. The information display (40) fitted in the vehicle and the portable information display (20) display different information on location of the GPS unit relative the stored locations. An input device (50) is designed for transmitting a signal from the portable GPS unit (10) through the data transmission interface (30). The input device (50) is fitted as an alternative solution on the information display (40) fitted in the vehicle or is fitted such that the driver can operate it without taking hands off vehicle control elements. The input device (50) is designed for transmitting a signal to the portable GPS unit (10) for storing the location of the GPS unit in the central processing unit (15). In the second version, the information display (40) fitted in the vehicle displays data from the portable GPS unit (10) when receiving data from the data transmission interface (30) and displays data from a sensor fitted in the vehicle when the data transmission interface (30) and the portable GPS unit (10) are interrupted.

EFFECT: easy vehicle control.

31 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the field of ship navigation and can be used for ship automatic approach to berth. In the device for ship automatic approach to berth, ship movement current parametres measurement unit is provided with mass centre resolvers and ship propulsion speed sensors. The device has integrated in it automatic regulators of propulsion speed, path angle and ship heading angle. The regulators are connected with inputs of units for generation of signals for control of main propulsors, ship aft and fore maneuvering devices. Also there are ideal trajectory calculation unit, constant memory unit, ship movement set parametres calculator which are accordingly connected with each other and with other components of the device.

EFFECT: providing bumpless ship approach to berth with high accuracy.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to navigation and can be used in ship ACS. Device comprises track course automatic controller connected with rudder drive and transducer of the ship barycenter coordinates, transducer of track course, transducer of angular speed of ship horizontal turn, transducers of ship speed and rudder deflection. Proposed device additionally incorporates the unit to compute theoretical course path from initial point to preset straight course in narrow waterway and permanent memory unit connected with preset parametres computer and that to compute track course controller control signal.

EFFECT: possibility to automatically put ship on preset straight course and keep it thereon.

2 cl, 3 dwg

Ship gyropilot // 2410282

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed gyropilot comprises satellite navigation system receiving indicator, electronic cartographic navigation data system, gyropilot, gyrocompass and steering engine. Additionally, proposed device incorporates adaptive computer to determine ship lateral departure from preset course.

EFFECT: computer-aided determination of ship departure from preset course.

2 tbl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sea and river navigation. Proposed method consists in joint use of optical signal from course laser beacon and navigation data from satellite navigation system to can ships in approaching destination point and along fairway. Note here that said course laser beacon generates three 3D areas in space filled with laser radiation to indicate precise course and to estimate sign and degree of lateral deviation of ship from fairway.

EFFECT: ship canning in sophisticated navigation conditions, ruling out pilot errors during visual orientation.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sea and river navigation. Proposed method consists in joint use of optical signal from course laser beacon and navigation data from satellite navigation system to can ships in approaching destination point and along fairway. Note here that said course laser beacon generates three 3D areas in space filled with laser radiation to indicate precise course and to estimate sign and degree of lateral deviation of ship from fairway.

EFFECT: ship canning in sophisticated navigation conditions, ruling out pilot errors during visual orientation.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building and navigation. Proposed method comprises continuous reception of satellite navigation data, radar data and that of identification system, ship location, computation of ship speed and keel clearance. Additionally, jobs are performed to obtain 3D picture of underwater situation all around the ship. For this sonars are used arranged fore and aft, at the left and right. In case potential dangerous objects are detected, their identification is carried out either by navigator or by identification hardware to select optimum procedure to avoid collision. Path of avoidance is selected.

EFFECT: safe navigation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: instrument making.

SUBSTANCE: magnetic course indicator for speed vessels comprises a transparent body of a pot made in the form of a sphere, filled with compass fluid, a magnetosensitive element arranged inside the body and comprising a float, a scale, magnets and a support unit, where a compass needle is inserted. The magnetic course indicator additionally comprises a sensor of electronic transmission of a course signal located at the bottom of the compass body so that one of its receivers of the horizontal component of the magnetic field of earth Hx lies on the diametral line of the pot body, and the second receiver Hy is perpendicular to it. The magnetosensitive element has positive buoyancy in compass fluid, the support unit of the magnetosensitive element is made in the form of a cone, magnets of the magnetosensitive element are located below the centre of the support centre, on the side surface of the float along the perimeter there is a scale for visual count of the course.

EFFECT: simplified design, increased accuracy of count pickup.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics, measurement.

SUBSTANCE: device of information provision enables relevant confirmation of information content which facilitates movement of moving object and is represented by image display unit, even in conditions of vibration affecting image display unit at a level not lower than given value. Equipment includes image display unit mounted in vehicle and allowing display of information facilitating movement of vehicle, vibration sensor detecting vibration equal or exceeding specified level applied to image display unit, and transmitting detection output signal, and operation control unit modifying display mode for information presenting image display by image display unit into information including data content which can be recognised if detection output signal of vibration sensor indicates than image display unit is affected by vibration equal or exceeding specified level for time period longer or equal to specified period.

EFFECT: device of information provision enabling relevant confirmation of information content, facilitating movement of moving object.

8 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: physics; measurement.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to portable navigation systems particularly for installation in an automobile. The portable personal navigation device is programmed with possibility of linking any function, related to a basic set of functions, with a non-overlapping input sensory area, which is sufficiently large for reliable activation by touching with a finger. The invention is based on understanding that, a set of basic functions can be identified, and can then be reliably selected/activated by touching the input sensory area with a finger, where the input sensory area is sufficiently large for reliable activation. This is especially preferable for a navigation device installed in an automobile, in which the basic functions are those functions which are likely to be activated by the driver when driving the automobile.

EFFECT: design of a portable navigation device with a non-overlapping input sensory area, which is sufficiently large for reliable activation by touching with a finger.

18 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: physics; navigation.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to navigation equipment of vehicles. The proposed navigation device can display directions on a display, receive a video signal from a camera and display a combination of the image from the camera and directions on the display. The device, which is a portable navigation device, includes a built-in camera. The device can provide an option from the menu which enables the user to regulate relative position of the displayed image from the camera with respect to the directions.

EFFECT: using the proposed device, instructions which can be quickly and easily interpreted are displayed for the user.

15 cl, 12 dwg

Up!