Cottage construction method

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: erection of multi-layered walls is started from laying of protective layer of external walls on ready foundations with simultaneous concreting of columns which are located inside external walls. After external walls and solid columns are erected, there concreted are reinforced-concrete belts along the whole perimeter of building. Casing of columns is made from material of protective layer of external walls and reinforced with "П"-shaped grids through four laying rows. Specific feature of method is that erection of walls of the first floor is performed while construction of walls of ground floor is not finished yet. Besides reinforcement is led out from foundation to be connected to reinforcement of columns. When laying the protective layer, it is reinforced through four rows of laying with grid reinforcement.

EFFECT: reducing the construction period, possibility of construction at any period of the year, providing maximum comfort at reducing construction material consumption.

3 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction of low-rise buildings, including cottages, cottages, warm garages, etc.

Currently, due to increased requirements for thermal protection to building envelopes everywhere began to apply wall sandwich construction. When this is achieved considerable energy savings by reducing the flow of heating, reducing coolant flow while ensuring a given heat transfer coefficient in accordance with the requirements of the new standards SN and P.

Known techniques of construction of low-rise buildings, including the installation of bearing elements of the building envelope interior walls, solid floors, then the construction of the enclosing wall structure (see U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2148129, CL. 7 EV 2/02, 1998). The disadvantage of this technology is the duration of the technological process of mounting and moving the formwork, the need for cast-in-place concrete floors. Also known so-called technology TISE (kN. Renjola "New construction methods, technology "TISE", M: Adelante, 2005).

The closest analogue to the claimed technology is a technology described in U.S. Pat. RF # 67132, U1, CL EV 2/02. It contains operations for construction of foundations, erection of walls multilayer design, construction Monolit the x reinforced-concrete belts around the perimeter of the building and on top of the columns, installed inside the walls, installation of suspended ceilings, etc.

The technical result of the proposed technical solution is the reduction of time, the possibility of building at any time of the year, the achievement of saving the environment, ensuring maximum comfort while reducing the consumption of materials.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known technical solution, including the construction of foundations, erection of multi-layered exterior walls with a protective layer of small blocks, concrete monolithic reinforced-concrete belts around the perimeter of the building, floors and roof. The construction of external walls begin with laying a protective layer and simultaneously enhance their u-shaped elements of the small blocks that perform the function of permanent formwork for the three faces of the columns, while for the fourth face of the column using sheet material and associate it with the u-shaped elements, then simultaneously're laying the protective layer and the concreting of columns, arrange monolithic reinforced concrete belt along the perimeter of the building, construct overlap and continue to build the second floor in the specified order.

The technical result is achieved in that a protective layer of exterior walls reinforced steel meshes through 4 rows of masonry, and connect them to the u-shaped ele the customers stiffness.

The essence of the proposed method consists in the following: at the construction site with good organization of the construction process and finished basements first're laying the protective layer of bricks with a thickness of ¾ brick, simultaneously arranging non-removable formwork and producing at the same time the concrete columns. That is, the front is very wide. Since the middle layer of the wall made of reinforced concrete during construction of the protective layer and concreting of columns is also possible to prepare equipment for foam concrete production and harvesting of other components. The design of the building allows you to build the exterior walls of the 2nd floor up to the end walls of the 1st floor. The entire production process is conducted in the following sequence. On allocated for the construction of the plot first, build a Foundation around the perimeter of the building, including the foundations of the inner walls. When properly trained, then you're laying the protective layer in 1/2 bricks with the installation of reinforcing mesh in 4 rows of masonry with the device stiffeners, which is non-removable formwork for columns. At the same time is the concreting of columns with the installation of fittings to the ceiling of the first floor, then being installed bearing elements overlap. Perhaps the device overlap, so that the latter served as a temporary shelter is her at the completion of the external and internal walls of the 1st floor. This is especially important when working in bad weather conditions. The most important thing in the construction - the construction of the building frame, and filling the walls with foam and an inner layer of sheet material can be conducted any time later. It is important to note that, when the foundations were release valve of them to communicate with the reinforcement of the columns located inside the walls. After the construction of the overlap can be filled into the space between the columns monolithic foam concrete, pre-mounted on the inner layer of sheet material, which is non-removable formwork for the middle layer of the exterior walls. As the sheet material can be used drywall or other sheet material. Below is an example implementation of the proposed technical solutions, illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a plan of the cottage; figure 2 - node a in figure 1; figure 3 - site And at the moment of formation of columns; figure 4 - section a-a in figure 1; figure 5 is a section a-a in figure 1 after warming cottage; figure 6 - the node B in figure 1.

The construction process begins with the installation of foundations: install bored pile 1 with the concreting of the pile cap 2 (figure 4). Thus releasing the armature 3 of the grillage 2 for connection with the columns 4. Simultaneously with the laying of the protective layer 5 of the outer multi-layer walls 6 and 6and. In the past there CROs is e in the middle 7 and 8 internal layers. The inner layer 8 is associated with a protective layer 5 connecting elements 9 (6). The protective layer 5 is spread out 1/2 of the brick. The locations of columns 4 (figure 2) spread the brick columns 10, forming a cavity for concreting of columns 4. This cavity is closed by the middle layer 7 metal sheet 11, which performs the function of removable formwork for column 4. The sheet 11 is attached to the posts 10 in a known manner. When submitting columns 10 through 4 rows of masonry install u-shaped reinforcing mesh 12 with the release of the rods and their connection with the reinforcement of the columns 4. Between adjacent columns 4 (6) through 4 rows of masonry protective layer 5 install the wire mesh 13 with cells of 50×50 mm steel BP-1.

Reinforcing mesh 12 are u-shaped and also have cell 50×50 mm of the same steel BP-1.

After removal of the protective layer 5, and columns 4 to the level of the monolithic belts 14 set the casing 15 on the last jumper 16, which in turn rely on brick columns 10. When concrete monolithic belt 14 will gain 30% strength, install bearing elements 17 overlap. Between the columns 4 have reinforced concrete beams 18, which provides increased rigidity and stability of the frame of the cottage. Then continue building the walls of the 2nd floor with laying a protective layer 5 of the outer walls 6 and andbrick columns with 10 installing the grids 13 and 12. So, we have constructed the frame of the building. Then you can finish the roof and insulate the building, making the average layer 7 of the concrete, pre-mounted 8 internal layer of plasterboard.

The proposed technology is very cheap and with little complication allows you to get additional space, since the columns are hidden inside walls, improving the interior design of the building. Ultimately, improves the environment by reducing heat loss and energy saving. This project is particularly attractive for vacationers who are limited financial capabilities. Saves building materials, can be achieved in indoor comfort. The calculations showed that the dew point is shifted to the protective layer of the multilayer wall. Due to this, the durability of the building increases. Thus, the proposed method satisfies all modern requirements.

1. The method of house construction, including construction of foundations, erection of multi-layered exterior walls with a protective layer of small blocks, concrete monolithic reinforced-concrete belts around the perimeter of the building, floors and roof, characterized in that the construction of external walls begin with laying a protective layer and simultaneously Wuxi is more of their u-shaped stiffening of the small blocks, performing the functions of permanent formwork for the three faces of the columns, while for the fourth face of the column using sheet material and associate it with the u-shaped elements, simultaneously're laying the protective layer and the concreting of columns, arrange monolithic reinforced concrete belt along the perimeter of the building, construct overlap and continue to build the second floor in the specified order.

2. The method of house construction according to claim 1, characterized in that the u-shaped stiffening elements are reinforced through 4 rows of facing u-shaped steel meshes and bind them with the reinforcement of columns.

3. The method of house construction according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a protective layer of exterior walls between adjacent columns reinforced steel meshes through 4 rows of masonry and connect them with the u-shaped stiffeners.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: building.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to building, particularly to structures of construction hollow ceramic brick-blocks widely applied at work of homogenous external walls of buildings with specified thermal resistance in various climatic conditions of their operation. There is disclosed the hollow-porous ceramic brick-block for construction of homogenous walls; the brick-block consists of side running and head facets and of an internal structural thermo-insulating structure formed with lengthwise and cross sides and with several rows of through cells situated parallel to running facets; the said cells consist of main slit-like cells arranged with set-off relative to each other in neighbour rows at half of their length and of additional through cells arranged on opposite sides of these rows and separated from each other with partitions along the row length. The brick-block is made out of clay with additives up to 10% of volume; additives correspond to burned-out fine-crumbled charcoal or sifted peat or sawdust and up to 20% of charcoal or TES (thermo-electric stations) cinder. The structural heat-insulating structure is straightened relative to running and head facets at 45° and is divided along length into two equal parts with a ceramic partitions running across running and parallel to head facets. Each part is made out of rows of square main cells separated from one another with ceramic partitions crossing at the angle of 90°. Each square main and additional cell is also separated by depth into two cells with the ceramic partitions set-off relative to partitions of adjacent cells. Internal walls and planes of two parallel pair of facets crossing at 90° are divided with partitions, forming triangle additional cells along internal perimetre of each part in each row; length of hypotenuse of each triangle additional side is equal to diagonal of square of the main cell. All cells are oriented relative to running and head facets of the brick-block so, that diagonals of square cells and hypotenuses of additional cells are arranged across heat flow both from the side of running and head facets, while in the adjacent rows these cells are set off relative to each other at half of their diagonal and they alternate in the following way: one row contains only three main square cells, another row contains two square cells and two additional cells on ends. Three more additional cells are located on the head internal facet and on the wall dividing partitions; while one running head includes two square recesses. Also here is disclosed the work procedure for homogeneous walls out of hollow-porous ceramic brick-block.

EFFECT: upgraded physic-technical indices both of brick-block and work procedure for construction of wall of building due to implementation of available, ecologically safe and reliable homogeneous material; also expanded range of application of hollow-porous ceramic brick-block in building for construction of homogeneous walls of buildings.

6 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: inventions are related to the field of construction and may be used in enterprises making construction materials, and also in individual and industrial construction in erection of walls and foundations, and also in arrangement of dams, coffer dams, fortification structures, etc., especially in emergency conditions. Package for packing of dry construction mixes, comprising shell and insert. Shell is made as moisture-proof, and insert - as moisture-permeable, at the same time insert is made with the possibility to take shape of rectangular parallelepiped when filled, ribs of which are preliminarily marked, and one of insert facets has a marking modular grid. Also construction element is described, as well as method for application of construction materials.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of construction due to expansion of functional and technological resources of flexible construction elements.

4 cl, 8 dwg

Method of masonry // 2346117

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, namely to methods of walls erection. Method of masonry that stipulates for binding of construction element adjacent sides by masonry mortar and thus shaping lower horizontal row of wall, further formation of other above-located horizontal rows of wall with bonding by means of construction element adjacent facets binding by masonry mortar from the ones laid in every horizontal row located below, and from other construction elements that form the new horizontal row, with the possibility to form heat accumulating hollows between facets of construction elements of neighboring rows. Besides after formation of every horizontal row of wall, at first rows of strings are placed on this row on top along its length, parallel to erected wall, and masonry mortar is applied in strips above every row of strings, thus forming longitudinal channels parallel to wall on surfaces of horizontal rows from construction elements between rows of strings, and the channels form chambers of heat accumulating cavities inside the wall during masonry mortar hardening between joined surfaces of neighboring horizontal rows of construction elements.

EFFECT: provision of heat-shielding properties of erected wall and masonry manufacturability, reduction of erected wall thickness and lower consumption of masonry mortar.

4 cl, 1 tbl, 6 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the sphere of construction and may be employed in brick work of walls of small cellular-concrete blocks performed on thin layer mortar (adhesive mixture) with 1-3 mm seam thickness. Brickwork of walls of small cellular-concrete blocks is made on thin layer mortar (adhesive mixture) with seam thickness of 1-3 mm. Brickwork includes also reinforcing rods set in the slots. Slots are arranged in the blocks in the level of horizontal seams of the brickwork and are filled in with concrete or mortar. Reinforcing rods press glass-net to the bottom of the slots. Glass-net is set in the thin layer mortar and covers the entire horizontal surface of the brickwork seams.

EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of the brickwork of the walls of small cellular-concrete blocks.

1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: external wall of cottage that contains protective layer from fine-sized blocks, medium layer of aerated concrete and internal layer of sheet materials joined to protective layer. It is provided with monolithic reinforced concrete frame arranged in the form of columns row inside the wall on building foundation, which are connected to each other with monolithic reinforced concrete belt along building perimeter in the form of flat plates that embrace columns and have reinforcing projections passing through column reinforcing carcass, and having cavities of diamond and triangle shape filled with thermal inserts from heat insulating material, at that width of plates is equal to the total thickness of the wall.

EFFECT: increase of strength, provision of possibility to erect buildings directly in construction site, reduction of costs with simultaneous provision of strength and convenience.

4 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to low-rise and cottage construction with application of multi-layer construction blocks that meet the highest requirements to decorative outside lining of buildings, heat and sound insulation of premises, for instance, prefabricated residential buildings, cottages and other structures. Building wall assembled from set of different construction blocks that consists of row, angular and intermediate blocks that are installed in rows, joined to each other in a certain manner and fixed between each other. Every block consists of decorative layer, bearing layer and heat insulating layer provided in between, which are fixed to each other with polymer rods. Angular blocks are provided of two types, at that the first type is arranged with L-shaped location of decorative and heat insulating layers that project with their one end to the side facet of the block, and with its other end - to the back facet of the block, at that bearing layer is made as shortened with one end that projects to side facet of the block, and the other end that joins to short shelf of heat insulating layer, and length of front layer of angular block short shelf is selected as equal to block thickness. The second type of angular unit is arranged with L-shaped location of bearing and heat insulating layers that project with their one end to the side facet of the block, and with its other end - to the front facet of the block, at that decorative layer is shortened with one end that projects to the side facet of the block, and the other end that joins to the short shelf of heat insulating layer, and length of bearing layer of the angular block short shelf is selected as equal to the block thickness. Intermediate blocks are installed in the zone of window and door openings of the wall and are provided of three types, at that the first type of intermediate blocks is arranged with stepped side facet formed with projecting decorative layer, and side link that connects bearing and decorative layers perpendicular to them in stepped side facet, and the second type of intermediate blocks is arranged as shortened in length that is multiple to half of block length from the side of its front facet, and the third type of intermediate blocks is arranged with stepped side facets that are formed by projecting decorative layer, and side links that connect bearing and decorative layers perpendicular to them on both stepped side facets. Method is also described for erection of building wall.

EFFECT: simplification of construction blocks design in set and technology of wall erection with observance of all required technical and technological parameters, optimisation of number of blocks in set, increase of masonry strength characteristics and reduction of construction cost.

2 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly building elements of block or other shape for the construction of building walls having necessary thermal resistance for different usage environment.

SUBSTANCE: building member is shaped as rectangular parallelepiped provided with slots made in building member faces. Each building member face surface has relief projections forming parallel ridges with slots to be filled with mortar. Each ridge is joined with other ridges formed on surfaces of adjacent faces along ridge edges so that united ridge is created around building member perimeter. The united ridge has longitudinal section parallel to one vertical face. Each face surface has at least two parallel ridges spaced equal distances from face edges. Wall erection method is also disclosed.

EFFECT: provision of uniform strength, improved manufacturability, increased heat-shielding properties of wall to be erected along with increased technological efficiency of the masonry, decreased wall thickness and decreased mortar usage.

6 cl, 1 tbl, 10 dwg

FIELD: FIELD: construction, particularly to erect building and building structure walls of separate block rows.

SUBSTANCE: wall panel consists of blocks laid in rows and reinforcement. Each block comprises longitudinal sides and X-shaped partitions, which define cavities filled with structural and heat-insulation materials. The panel is constituted of vertical tier block rows, wherein at least two block rows located one adjacent another in horizontal plane are provided with at least one reinforcement bar in longitudinal direction and with anchors in transversal direction. Reinforcement bars and anchors are secured in cavities of adjacent blocks forming tier rows, wherein the cavities are filled with structural material.

EFFECT: increased heat insulation quality, output and assemblage capacity, decreased construction time and enhanced conditions of work.

1 cl, 2 dwg

Wall panel // 2296197

FIELD: construction, particularly to erect building and building structure walls of separate hollow blocks.

SUBSTANCE: wall panel consists of blocks laid in rows and reinforcement. Each block comprises longitudinal sides and X-shaped partitions, which define cavities filled with structural material in staggered order. Blocks are connected with each other in horizontal plane with at least one reinforcement frame having reinforcement bars connected with each other by means of structural material in crossing points thereof.

EFFECT: increased wall panel quality, improved labor productivity, decreased construction time and enhanced conditions of work.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly composite and cast-in-place building erection, for outer load-bearing structure heat insulation due to elimination of cold penetration through joints of reinforced concrete floor structure with load-bearing walls and/or columns.

SUBSTANCE: envelope wall structure includes end surfaces of load-bearing members arranged between cast-in-place reinforced concrete floor panels and blocks fastened one to another with concrete and arranged between floor panels. The structure also has heat insulation. The blocks project outwards with respect to end surfaces of load-bearing members for a distance of not less than 1/6 of block width. The heat insulation is arranged in depressions. Depression walls are defined in vertical direction by end projected surfaces of blocks and load-bearing members and in horizontal direction by lower and upper projected surfaces of blocks and end surfaces of reinforced concrete floor panels.

EFFECT: simplified structure and reduced costs of wall envelope structure, increased thermal properties and elimination of cold joints between floor structure and load-bearing walls.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly outer load-bearing walling structures of buildings and building structures.

SUBSTANCE: building wall formed of small building members comprises outer and inner layers and metal inserts. The wall additionally has vertical stiffening diaphragm plates. Metal inserts have Z-shaped cross-sections and are periodically spaced along wall plane. Flanges of the inserts are arranged in inner and outer wall layers correspondingly so that vertical middle face works in shear and folded flanges located on masonry plate work in crush. Metal inserts unite inner and outer wall layers along stiffening diaphragm plates in single structure.

EFFECT: increased wall maintainability and reliability of cooperation between masonry members.

2 cl, 15 dwg

Building system // 2263747

FIELD: building unit production.

SUBSTANCE: building system comprises building units with fixing members made as extensions and depressions. Building units are formed as sectors arranged in horizontal plane and forming a circle. The sectors may be added in length in vertical direction. Centers of fixing members are located on concentric circle and spaced equal distances one from another. Some sectors facing circle centre form cylindrical cavity for fastening rod receiving during system lengthening.

EFFECT: simplified building unit transportation, reduced material consumption, increased convenience of system installation in confined area.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly composite and cast-in-place building erection, for outer load-bearing structure heat insulation due to elimination of cold penetration through joints of reinforced concrete floor structure with load-bearing walls and/or columns.

SUBSTANCE: envelope wall structure includes end surfaces of load-bearing members arranged between cast-in-place reinforced concrete floor panels and blocks fastened one to another with concrete and arranged between floor panels. The structure also has heat insulation. The blocks project outwards with respect to end surfaces of load-bearing members for a distance of not less than 1/6 of block width. The heat insulation is arranged in depressions. Depression walls are defined in vertical direction by end projected surfaces of blocks and load-bearing members and in horizontal direction by lower and upper projected surfaces of blocks and end surfaces of reinforced concrete floor panels.

EFFECT: simplified structure and reduced costs of wall envelope structure, increased thermal properties and elimination of cold joints between floor structure and load-bearing walls.

3 cl, 3 dwg

Wall panel // 2296197

FIELD: construction, particularly to erect building and building structure walls of separate hollow blocks.

SUBSTANCE: wall panel consists of blocks laid in rows and reinforcement. Each block comprises longitudinal sides and X-shaped partitions, which define cavities filled with structural material in staggered order. Blocks are connected with each other in horizontal plane with at least one reinforcement frame having reinforcement bars connected with each other by means of structural material in crossing points thereof.

EFFECT: increased wall panel quality, improved labor productivity, decreased construction time and enhanced conditions of work.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: FIELD: construction, particularly to erect building and building structure walls of separate block rows.

SUBSTANCE: wall panel consists of blocks laid in rows and reinforcement. Each block comprises longitudinal sides and X-shaped partitions, which define cavities filled with structural and heat-insulation materials. The panel is constituted of vertical tier block rows, wherein at least two block rows located one adjacent another in horizontal plane are provided with at least one reinforcement bar in longitudinal direction and with anchors in transversal direction. Reinforcement bars and anchors are secured in cavities of adjacent blocks forming tier rows, wherein the cavities are filled with structural material.

EFFECT: increased heat insulation quality, output and assemblage capacity, decreased construction time and enhanced conditions of work.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly building elements of block or other shape for the construction of building walls having necessary thermal resistance for different usage environment.

SUBSTANCE: building member is shaped as rectangular parallelepiped provided with slots made in building member faces. Each building member face surface has relief projections forming parallel ridges with slots to be filled with mortar. Each ridge is joined with other ridges formed on surfaces of adjacent faces along ridge edges so that united ridge is created around building member perimeter. The united ridge has longitudinal section parallel to one vertical face. Each face surface has at least two parallel ridges spaced equal distances from face edges. Wall erection method is also disclosed.

EFFECT: provision of uniform strength, improved manufacturability, increased heat-shielding properties of wall to be erected along with increased technological efficiency of the masonry, decreased wall thickness and decreased mortar usage.

6 cl, 1 tbl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to low-rise and cottage construction with application of multi-layer construction blocks that meet the highest requirements to decorative outside lining of buildings, heat and sound insulation of premises, for instance, prefabricated residential buildings, cottages and other structures. Building wall assembled from set of different construction blocks that consists of row, angular and intermediate blocks that are installed in rows, joined to each other in a certain manner and fixed between each other. Every block consists of decorative layer, bearing layer and heat insulating layer provided in between, which are fixed to each other with polymer rods. Angular blocks are provided of two types, at that the first type is arranged with L-shaped location of decorative and heat insulating layers that project with their one end to the side facet of the block, and with its other end - to the back facet of the block, at that bearing layer is made as shortened with one end that projects to side facet of the block, and the other end that joins to short shelf of heat insulating layer, and length of front layer of angular block short shelf is selected as equal to block thickness. The second type of angular unit is arranged with L-shaped location of bearing and heat insulating layers that project with their one end to the side facet of the block, and with its other end - to the front facet of the block, at that decorative layer is shortened with one end that projects to the side facet of the block, and the other end that joins to the short shelf of heat insulating layer, and length of bearing layer of the angular block short shelf is selected as equal to the block thickness. Intermediate blocks are installed in the zone of window and door openings of the wall and are provided of three types, at that the first type of intermediate blocks is arranged with stepped side facet formed with projecting decorative layer, and side link that connects bearing and decorative layers perpendicular to them in stepped side facet, and the second type of intermediate blocks is arranged as shortened in length that is multiple to half of block length from the side of its front facet, and the third type of intermediate blocks is arranged with stepped side facets that are formed by projecting decorative layer, and side links that connect bearing and decorative layers perpendicular to them on both stepped side facets. Method is also described for erection of building wall.

EFFECT: simplification of construction blocks design in set and technology of wall erection with observance of all required technical and technological parameters, optimisation of number of blocks in set, increase of masonry strength characteristics and reduction of construction cost.

2 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: external wall of cottage that contains protective layer from fine-sized blocks, medium layer of aerated concrete and internal layer of sheet materials joined to protective layer. It is provided with monolithic reinforced concrete frame arranged in the form of columns row inside the wall on building foundation, which are connected to each other with monolithic reinforced concrete belt along building perimeter in the form of flat plates that embrace columns and have reinforcing projections passing through column reinforcing carcass, and having cavities of diamond and triangle shape filled with thermal inserts from heat insulating material, at that width of plates is equal to the total thickness of the wall.

EFFECT: increase of strength, provision of possibility to erect buildings directly in construction site, reduction of costs with simultaneous provision of strength and convenience.

4 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the sphere of construction and may be employed in brick work of walls of small cellular-concrete blocks performed on thin layer mortar (adhesive mixture) with 1-3 mm seam thickness. Brickwork of walls of small cellular-concrete blocks is made on thin layer mortar (adhesive mixture) with seam thickness of 1-3 mm. Brickwork includes also reinforcing rods set in the slots. Slots are arranged in the blocks in the level of horizontal seams of the brickwork and are filled in with concrete or mortar. Reinforcing rods press glass-net to the bottom of the slots. Glass-net is set in the thin layer mortar and covers the entire horizontal surface of the brickwork seams.

EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of the brickwork of the walls of small cellular-concrete blocks.

1 dwg

Method of masonry // 2346117

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, namely to methods of walls erection. Method of masonry that stipulates for binding of construction element adjacent sides by masonry mortar and thus shaping lower horizontal row of wall, further formation of other above-located horizontal rows of wall with bonding by means of construction element adjacent facets binding by masonry mortar from the ones laid in every horizontal row located below, and from other construction elements that form the new horizontal row, with the possibility to form heat accumulating hollows between facets of construction elements of neighboring rows. Besides after formation of every horizontal row of wall, at first rows of strings are placed on this row on top along its length, parallel to erected wall, and masonry mortar is applied in strips above every row of strings, thus forming longitudinal channels parallel to wall on surfaces of horizontal rows from construction elements between rows of strings, and the channels form chambers of heat accumulating cavities inside the wall during masonry mortar hardening between joined surfaces of neighboring horizontal rows of construction elements.

EFFECT: provision of heat-shielding properties of erected wall and masonry manufacturability, reduction of erected wall thickness and lower consumption of masonry mortar.

4 cl, 1 tbl, 6 dwg

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