Method and device for detection of heat period in animals

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method consists in the fact that for a certain period of time mobility of cattle individual is registered. Data that indicates nutrition of specified individual are registered for a period of time. The first signal is accumulated, which reflects specified registered mobility, as well as the second signal, which reflects specified data. Current values of specified first and specified second signals are compared to specified accumulated first and second signals. Atypical behaviour of specified individual is identified, when specified current values of specified first and specified second signals statically diverge from specified accumulated first and second signals. Heat is detected, using specified accumulated first and second signals. Device comprises at least one sensor for registration of cattle individual mobility. At least one sensor for registration of the fact that mobility relates to periods of specified individual nutrition. At least one microprocessor to perform one or more operations, including reception of data on specified registered mobility. Detection of the fact that registered mobility does not relate to periods of specified individual nutrition. Detection of the fact whether specified individual is in heat condition, on the basis of registered mobility, which does not related to periods of nutrition.

EFFECT: improvement in device reliability and accuracy of measurement.

35 cl, 3 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for determining the period of estrus in animals. The invention is applicable to various kinds of animals, especially cattle.

The level of technology

A common practice is the use of artificial insemination of cattle. The success of artificial insemination in a large extent depends on the exact determination of the period of estrus in animals. It is therefore important to have reliable information about the timing of estrus to ensure a successful insemination, resulting in a pregnancy. The economic importance of this problem has caused the emergence of various products and methods designed to determine the period of estrus.

It is known that during oestrus behaviour of cattle changed, and its General activity increases. Increased activity is walking, running, jumping on other animals, etc. This increased activity is clearly different from the usual level of activity of cattle, conducting most of their time eating and chewing gum. Measurement of the level of activity, i.e. the measurement of movements of the animal body, it is known from the prior art and may be one of the known sensors or methods, such as measurement cf declarating signal values, issued by the sensor, which measures the movement of the animal.

Products for the period of estrus offered on the market for over two decades. These products are divided into two types.

The first type is a simple mechanical device. Such devices do not provide the information in any Central control system and the farmer who uses them must spend a lot of time tracking, finding and separation of livestock in accordance with the found data. In addition, such products are typically disposable, therefore, requires a lot of work to install and remove them with the observed specimens of cattle. The reliability of such devices is typically small. For example, devices that determine do the animals to jump on each other, can help in determining the period of estrus. However, not all individuals jump on other animals in heat.

The second type of device includes a computerized device containing the sensor mobility, which are installed on the animal (on the leg or neck). Devices installed on the leg, consider steps. Such a device may not provide accurate information, because the leg of the animal is not always the most active part of the body during oestrus. In addition, this device accumulates and hardens the dirt that causes di is the comfort and injury. The device is easy to install on the leg. Devices installed at the neck, measure the total mobility. The neck of the animal is involved in many activities such as feeding, olfactory or gaming activity, so the neck has high activity even when the animal is not in estrus. This, naturally, makes very difficult the determination of specific activity during estrus, not allowing to be installed on the neck of the sensors to obtain accurate information.

A known technique for measurement of activity is a glass cell containing electrodes and a drop of mercury. When the movement of the mercury covers the electrodes and causes a drop in electrical resistance.

Metal ball that creates an electromagnetic field when you change the location, is also known technique of measuring the activity.

The acceleration sensors based on piezoelectric effect, are another well-known technique of measuring the activity. However, such sensors affects the force of gravity, so that the tilt sensor works on his testimony and modifies them.

U.S. patent No. 4846106 describes electronic switch, strengthened on the back of the cow and turned on when another cow jumps on it.

U.S. patent No. 4247758 describes a device for measuring and indicating the number of movements of the animal to determine ECCI.

U.S. patent No. 4618861 describes a device for measuring the activity of the animal, and the motion device is used as the source of his power.

U.S. patent No. 5111799 describes an electronic switch that is attached to the back of the cow and it switches on when CORF another cow.

None of these documents suggests a way of determining the period of estrus by combining additional information about the periods of animal and/or the tilt of his head with information about the mobility of the animal to determine the period of estrus.

Disclosure of inventions

The present invention provides a method and a device for identifying animals in oestrus, by collecting information related to the mobility of the animal, information relating to periods of animal, and combining said information in order to reduce the impact on the results of the habits of the animal nutrition-related.

The method and apparatus according to the present invention have the advantage that they use the information relating to periods of animal. This prevents erroneous interpretation of the information collected, reflecting the registered mobility of the animal, as a significant part of the recorded mobility occurs at the time of supply (especially for devices mounted on the neck).

The present invention provides a method, which may include the stages of registration and accumulation over time of signals reflecting the mobility of the individuals of cattle, and determining, when the registered mobility statistically does not apply to periods of food specified individuals, and when it is statistically outside the data range, reflecting the normal behavior of the specified individuals.

According to the first variant embodiment of the invention, a method consisting in that register during the time the mobility of the individuals of cattle; register during the time data indicating the power specified individuals; store the first signal that reflects the specified registered mobility and the second signal reflecting the data; compare the current value of the specified first and the second signals with the specified accumulated first and second signals; and determine the atypical behavior of the specified individuals when specified current values of the specified first and the second signals are statistically deviate from the said accumulated first and second signals.

According to the second variant embodiment of the invention a method is proposed, consisting in the fact that the register n is the period of time the mobility of the individuals of cattle; register during the time data indicating the power specified individuals; store the first signal that reflects the specified registered mobility and the second signal reflecting the data; and determine estrus, using the accumulated first signal and the second signal.

The establishment of the feeding period specified individuals can help minimize erroneous interpretation of the level of mobility, deviating upward from its normal behavior, in order to better determine if the animal is in oestrus. On the other hand, to establish what levels of mobility deviates from the normal behavior of the specified individuals downward, can be an indicator that the animal is ill. In order to neutralize the effect on the recorded mobility periods of power when in a typical case, the high levels of mobility, registered data reflecting the periods of power, combined with the registered data, reflecting the mobility. Based on combined data record, which is released (neutralized) from the influence of activity during the meals (hereinafter referred to as neutralized the activity or NUT-ACT), can be determined by changes in the level of activity specified individuals and individual m who may be identified as being in oestrus, based on the changes in the level of NUT-ACT. The accumulation of these data types may allow statistical processing of the accumulated data to determine normal behavior and deviations in the upper or lower side from this level of mobility.

According to the following variant of the invention, when determining whether there is a specified individual in a state of estrus, collect recorded data mobility, defined as not related to periods of food, these data are neutralized data mobility; get the level of activity specified individuals from the specified offset data mobility; and determine whether the specified individual in heat, on the basis of the received level of activity.

Estrus detection can be done by creating a database of typical behavior and then continuously comparing newly collected data neutralized mobility data of the specified database typical behavior. This comparison allows us to determine changes in the level of activity typical of estrus. This database also may be continuously or periodically updated.

According to one embodiments of the invention, when registering over time mobility measure the acceleration of the specified individuals of p is perpendicular directions, which can reach three.

Registered mobility, information relating to periods of food collected data neutralized mobility, obtained the level of activity and an indication of whether the specified individual in heat can be transmitted to a remote receiver.

The present invention further proposes a device containing sensors to register the mobility of animals, cattle and periods of supply of the specified individuals, at least one microprocessor to perform one or more of the operations including receiving data of a specified registered mobility, establishing that the registered mobility does not apply to periods of food specified individuals, and establishing whether the specified individual in a state of estrus on the basis of the registered mobility, not related to periods of food.

The microprocessor may receive information about specified registered mobility and power. The data can then be combined with the aim of neutralizing the effects of mobility related to nutrition (during periods of power), registered on mobility for receiving NUT-ACT. Then you can create a database of typical behavior and, by comparing newly collected data with a database of typical behavior is, can be detected by corresponding changes in the level of activity. Changes in the level of activity may indicate that the individual is in oestrus. For example, if there is a change in activity level greater than the given value, for example greater than the specified percentage of the calculated standard deviations from the average level of activity, you can identify the animal as being in oestrus. The analysis can largely be based on statistics, so that the requirements for the accuracy of the sensors can be reduced. Good results can be obtained simply on the basis of a good correlation between the reported level of activity defined as referring to the period of supply, and the actual feeding period. The database can be constantly updated with new recorded data collected.

The process of determining the state of estrus can be carried out entirely or almost entirely by the microprocessor, and when it is determined that the individual is in oestrus may be notified. Alternatively, the microprocessor can execute only part of the process, and the processed data can be transmitted to a remote receiver, where they can be further processed to determine the period of estrus. Estrus detection can be performed comp the computer program. Tools of the display may indicate that estrus was detected.

The device can at least partially be contained in the capsule. Capsule should preferably be placed, according to one variant of the invention, in a place where you can register a tilt of the head and/or mobility of the animal. In other embodiments of the invention, the capsule can be mounted on the neck of the animal by means of a belt. In yet another embodiment, it can be implanted into an animal or proglatavetsa them. Means of indicating, signaling, when the animal is in estrus, can be connected to the capsule.

Sensor mobility can be any of the sensors known from the prior art. Levels of mobility can be reflected by the signal energy. The energy level may be displayed, for example, of the RMS value of the signal issued by the sensor.

Periods of supply can be determined by measuring the tilt of the head of the animal relative to the earth. When the animal eats, his head is usually lowered to the ground, then as usual in periods of activity cattle holding his head up. During estrus the percentage of time when the neck of the animal is lowered, much less in comparison with periods of food. The sensor may be mounted on the neck or head of the animal for the direct measurement of the slope of the Lee calculate its value based on the measured output of the sensor. The recorded tilt of the head can be used to determine if an animal eats. The combination of high mobility and large values of the tilt of the head may indicate with a high degree of probability that the animal eats. The accumulation of the recorded parameters of the animal and statistical methods can be used in order thus to determine the periods of the supply.

Periods of power can also be determined by observation and analysis of sounds and vibrations, typically taking place during the nutrition of the animal. When the animal eats, his jaw produce sounds and vibrations that can be detected by the sensor on the animal or inside it and then assayed for activity recognition associated with meals. The neck of the animal is the sample space, suitable for tracking such sounds or vibrations.

Eats any animal, can also be evaluated by tracking the length of his head from the ground. Small distance and high mobility can mean that the animal eats. In this case, the sensor for determining that the registered mobility refers to periods of food made with the possibility of measuring the distance of the head specimens from the earth. The distance measurement can be carried out by methods known from the prior art, for example by ul is rasluka and light.

You can use a combined sensor for recording a tilt angle of the head of the animal, and mobility. Statistically it is expected that, when the tilt sensor transmits a signal indicating that the neck of the animal tilted low (head close to the ground), the probability that the mobility provided by signal mobility, due to low heat. Thus, the combined sensor may contain an internal device that will reduce the output signal level of mobility when the angle is greater (head closer to the ground). Accordingly, the signal of mobility may include data about the tilt. The output of such a combined sensor can then be statistically evaluated to determine whether the observed estrus in animals.

Another combined sensor can be a cell that is partially filled with liquid and containing at least one transmitter and at least one receiver of electromagnetic radiation, placed on opposite sides of the cell. The transmitter can radiate electromagnetic radiation. The liquid may reduce the radiation is proportional to the amount of fluid currently between transmitter and receiver. Radiation may dissipate during the release of fluid penetration into the liquid, so clicks the zoom, the radiation received by the receiver is indicative of the angle and movement of the cell. By analyzing the radiation received by the receiver, can be taken picture of accelerations and tilt over time.

In addition to the fluid cell can be filled with gas or other fluid that is not mixed with the first liquid, or solid.

The liquid inside the element can be controlled viscosity, for example, be a silicone fluid that may be suitable for the sensor, since it plays the role of a filter for high frequency noise and can thus improve the definition of the activity, really related to estrus.

Radiation transmitters need not be continuous. The transmitter may send pulses of radiation of any desired frequency, for example, several times per second, in order to conserve energy.

Logged information received from the sensor that registers the movement and tilt of the head of the animal, can contain two distinct phenomena. Because the tilt of the head is changing slowly (in a typical case for many seconds), while the head moves faster, the two components of the signal received from the sensor, can be separated using phase analysis performed by a compute module, the mayor as the processor (CPU) using standard digital signal processing (for example, filters). Periods of supply can be determined by analyzing the components of the DC signal received radiation, and check the amplitude of the acceleration of the head can be performed by analyzing the components of the AC signal received radiation.

The device may also include additional sensors and elements.

Brief description of drawings

The present invention may be more fully understood and appreciated from the following detailed description in conjunction with the drawings, in which:

on figa-1C depict various tilts of the head of the animal;

figure 2 schematically shows a variant implementation of the device according to the invention;

figure 3 schematically depicts a sensor for registration as head movements, and periods of power according to some versions of the invention.

It should be understood that for simplicity and clarity of image elements shown in the drawings are not necessarily given in the scale. For example, for clarity, the size of some elements can be increased in comparison with others. Further, where appropriate, the reference symbols in the figures may be repeated if they indicate corresponding or analogous elements.

The implementation of the invention

The method and apparatus according to the present invention have the advantage that Uniopolis information indicate periods of animal either directly (for example, sounds typical for digestion)and indirectly (for example, the angle of the neck of the animal), in combination with the information indicating the activity level of the animal, such as registration of mobility.

The combination of the two types of data can dramatically increase the likelihood that the signal indicating the high level of activity will be correctly interpreted as indicating estrus, if the indication of the power of the animal is used to highlight periods of power", which, as noted above, with an extremely low probability correspond to the behavior during estrus. This feature of the invention prevents the false interpretation of the information collected, as a significant part of the head movements of the animal takes place during the meals.

Periods of supply can be determined by measuring the tilt of the head of the animal relative to the earth. You should pay attention to figa-1C, which is a schematic depiction of the different positions of inclination of the head of the animal in different situations. To the animal can be attached sensor 12 for recording changes in the tilt of the head or neck of the animal. When the animal is not taken power, the slope may be as shown in figa or 1B. When the animal is in a state t is his, the tilt of the head and neck is likely to be as shown in figa for long periods of time. When the animal eats, the tilt of his head as the rule seeks to ground, as shown in figs. The sensor 12 can measure the tilt of the head of the animal. Registered tilt of the head can be used to determine if an animal eats. Sensor mobility (not shown) may record the activity level of the animal. Sensor mobility can be one of the above, and can also be combined with the tilt sensor 12. The combination of high mobility and a large tilt of the head indicates a high probability that the animal eats. To determine the periods of power using this method can be used statistical methods. Two different ways can be used to interpret the data on the slope. The first method may include determining periods of food by setting a predetermined threshold for the signal of the inclination angle obtained from the sensor, so that when the received signal slope crosses this threshold, it means that the traffic signal should be interpreted as an indication of the feeding period. The second method may be the observation of the detected angle of inclination for a certain period of time, for example several days, the La, to set the initial threshold based on these measurements, and automatically or manually set a new threshold in the vicinity of this value based on the accumulation of further data or on a different basis. According to this method can be computed the value of NUT-ACT, as described above, and when the value of NUT-ACT high, this may indicate the activity characteristic of the period of estrus.

Now it is necessary to pay attention to figure 2, which is the block diagram of the device 20 heat detection, constructed and operating according to the modalities for the implementation of the present invention. The device 20 may include a microprocessor 1, is capable of receiving input signals from sensors 3 and 4, source 2 energy supply device 20, and a transmitting-receiving device 5 to transmit and receive data from the device 20. The memory block and tools real-time clock (not shown) can be embedded in the microprocessor 1. The input signal from the sensor 3 may indicate the mobility of the head of the animal, and the input signal from the sensor 4 may indicate periods of animal. As an alternative, you can use one sensor with one output, which can produce a signal consisting of a data/power tilt, combined with data mobility. In this case, the sensor 3 may represent the combined data reflecting under ignoti and animal nutrition, and the sensor 4 may not be needed. A single input signal from the sensor 3 can be additionally filtered by the microprocessor 1 with suitable software, or a combination of software and hardware. Data processed by the microprocessor, can be transmitted to transceiver device 5, which may be a wireless transceiver. The device may be placed in the capsule 6, which can provide physical, RF, UV, and similar protection for electronics and can be installed on the body of the animal, for example, on the neck.

In embodiments where the sensors 3, 4 are part of the capsule 6 capsule 6 can be placed anywhere in any part of the body of the animal, provided that it is possible to register the mobility and power of the animal. In some embodiments of the invention, the capsule 6 can be installed on the neck of the animal. In other embodiments, it can be implanted inside an animal or under his skin, or be swallowed. Means display (not shown)to signal that the animal is in heat, can be attached to the capsule.

The microprocessor 1 may sample and store in memory the data obtained from the sensors 3, 4. For some initial period, for example several days, the data can use the change to create a database (not shown) on the typical behavior of the animal. After the initial period of the new collected data may be compared with the typical behavior of the animal is recorded in the database. The comparison may be used by microprocessor 1 to establish changes in the level of activity, which is typical for heat.

Database of typical behavior can be continuously updated with newly collected information. The analysis of the data can be used by algorithms that take into account acceleration along three perpendicular axes and data related to nutrition over time. This data analysis can be performed continuously by the microprocessor 1 and, alternatively, transmitted outward for further processing and action.

The software installed in the memory for execution by the microprocessor 1 may be configured to determine the period of estrus with very high sensitivity and very low false alarms, based on a combination of data related to power and data activity.

The process of heat detection can be performed by the microprocessor 1, and transmitting-receiving device 5 can be sent a notification when the animal is detected estrus. Alternatively, only part of the process can be executed by the microprocessor 1, and the processed data may be transmitted to transceiver mouth what oustom 5 to a remote receiver, where they can be processed further to determine the estrus specified remote receiver. Detection of estrus may be performed by the software. Tools of the display may signal that is detected estrus.

According to another variant of the present invention, the microprocessor 1 can only be used to store sensor data (power, tilt, mobility...) and to send them outside by using a transmit-receive device 5 for analysis.

The microprocessor 1 can only perform a preliminary analysis (e.g., averaging, weighting processing or any other algorithm, as a rule, compressing the data). The results of the analysis can go outside transceiver device 5 for analysis.

Alternatively, the microprocessor 1 can do all that is required to reach a decision, is whether the animal is in heat, based on the registered data of the sensors 3, 4 and profiles typical behavior stored in the specified memory. Such a device can signal that the animal is in heat with a visual display that is installed in the capsule 6, for example, light bulbs or any other means of display.

Variant implementation of the sensor 30 for registration as head movements, and periods of supply is schematically shown in figure 3. The sensor 30 m which may contain liquid 34, enclosed within the cell 33. The fluid 34 can fill the cell 33 only partially, and a small bubble 35 gas can fill the remaining internal volume of the cell 33. The sensor 30 may further comprise a transmitter 32 and a receiver 31, mounted close to the outer wall of the cell 33, so that the transfer of electromagnetic energy from the transmitter 32 on the way to the receiver 31 can pass through the liquid 34 and the gas bubble 35. When the acceleration sensor 30 this bubble temporarily changes its position relative to the passing electromagnetic energy. When changing the tilt sensor 30, the bubble 35 similarly changes its location. The transmitter 32 and the receiver 31 of electromagnetic radiation (very suitable light near IR region of the spectrum) are located on the sides of the cell. Cell 33 is made of a material that permits the passage of this radiation. The liquid 34 weakens the radiation, which is scattered during the release of the fluid 34 and the penetration of the liquid 34 , so that the radiation received by the receiver 31, reflects the angle sensor 30 and the movement of the sensor 30. The analysis of changes in the magnitude of the radiation received by the receiver 31, allows get a picture of accelerations and tilt over time.

According to other variant embodiments of the present invention, the bubble 35 may be filled with another liquid that does not mix is Asia fluid 34, or solid. The liquid 34 within the element may be a silicone fluid having a suitable controlled viscosity.

The radiation from the transmitter 32 is not necessarily continuous. The transmitter 32 can send pulses of radiation several times per second in order to conserve energy.

Periods of power can be determined through analysis of the components of the DC signal received by the receiver 31, and the mobility of the head can be determined through analysis of the components of the alternating current of the specified signal.

According to another variant of the present invention for tracking the fluid enclosed within the cell, can be used multiple transmitter 32 and receiver 31.

According to another variant of the present invention, one cell is filled with liquid, can be used for registration of mobility, and the other sensor that uses a different technology that can be used to register data related to nutrition.

According to another variant of the present invention, one cell is filled with liquid, can be used to register data related to nutrition, and the other sensor that uses a different technology, for the registration of mobility.

According to another variant of the present invention, the power state may be fitted is but by tracking the distance of the head from the earth. Small distance and high mobility may indicate that the animal eats. The distance measurement can be carried out by methods known from the prior art, for example, using ultrasound and light.

According to another variant of the present invention, the data of the tilt and/or distances from the earth are combined with data mobility for measuring NUT-ACT. Not directly determine the nutritional status of the animal, and is only performed statistical analysis to mitigate the impact of periods of supply. Such data processing may be to signal attenuation mobility at a time when the tilt of the head more.

Specialist in the art will understand that according to some variants of the present invention are possible without straying from the principles and scope of the invention, other constructions of devices for determining the period of estrus, with two different inputs, reflecting the behavior of the animal.

Though some features of the invention have been here illustrated and described, those skilled in the art obvious possibility of various modifications, substitutions, changes and equivalents. Therefore, it should be understood that the appended claims cover all such modifications and changes, which correspond to the true spirit of the present invented the I.

1. The method consisting in that register during the time the mobility of the individuals of cattle; register during the time data indicating the power specified individuals; store the first signal that reflects the specified registered mobility and the second signal reflecting the data; compare the current value of the specified first and the second signals with the specified accumulated first and second signals; and determine the atypical behavior of the specified individuals when specified current values of the specified first and the second signals are statistically deviate from the said accumulated first and second signals.

2. The method consisting in that register during the time the mobility of the individuals of cattle; register during the time data indicating the power specified individuals; store the first signal that reflects the specified registered mobility and the second signal reflecting the data; and determine estrus, using the accumulated first signal and the second signal.

3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that when determining whether the specified individual in heat, collect recorded data mobility, defined as not related to periods of food, when it is the specified data are neutralized data mobility; get the level of activity specified individuals from the specified offset data mobility; and determine whether the specified individual in heat, on the basis of the received level of activity.

4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that when determining whether the specified individual in a state of estrus, create a database of typical behavior; and comparing newly collected data neutralized mobility data of the specified database typical behavior to changes in the level of activity specified individuals.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the specified database constantly update the newly collected data neutralized mobility.

6. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that it further transmit to a remote receiver, at least one of the following: registered mobility, information relating to periods of food collected data neutralized mobility, obtained the level of activity and an indication of whether the specified individual in heat.

7. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that it further signal by means of a display, when determining that the individual is in a state of estrus.

8. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that it further send a notification when determining that the individual is in status is anii heat.

9. The method according to any of claim 2 to 8, characterized in that at least one of the following actions performed inside the capsule, placed where you can register a tilt of the head of the individual.

10. The method according to any of claim 2 to 8, characterized in that at least one of the following actions performed inside the capsule, placed where you can register a tilt of the head individuals, and this capsule is at least one of the following locations: set neck specimens implanted inside individuals or swallowed by a fish.

11. The method according to claim 2, wherein when determining that the registered mobility does not apply to periods of food, measure the tilt of the head individuals relative to the earth.

12. The method according to claim 2, wherein when determining that the registered mobility does not apply to periods of food, measure the distance the heads of individuals from the earth.

13. The method according to claim 2, wherein when determining that the registered mobility does not apply to periods of food, follow the sounds and vibrations that occur during food specimens and examine them.

14. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that at registration during the time of the mobility measure the acceleration of the specified individuals in perpendicular directions, which can reach three.

15. The device, containing at least one sensor for registering the mobility of the individuals of cattle; at least one sensor for registering the fact that the mobility refers to the period of supply specified individuals; at least one microprocessor to perform one or more of the operations including receiving data of a specified registered mobility, establishing that the registered mobility does not apply to periods of food specified individuals, and establishing whether the specified individual in heat, on the basis of the registered mobility, not related to periods of food.

16. The device according to item 15, characterized in that the microprocessor has memory.

17. The device according to item 15, characterized in that said microprocessor contains a real time clock.

18. The device according to item 15, characterized in that it further comprises transmitting device for transmitting these processed data to a remote receiver.

19. The device according to p, characterized in that the transceiver device is configured to send notifications when determining that the individual is in a state of estrus.

20. The device according to item 15, characterized in that it includes means for indicating, signaling the establishment, Thu the individual is in a state of estrus.

21. The device according to item 15, characterized in that it at least partially contained in the capsule, placed where you can register a tilt of the head of the individual.

22. The device according to item 21, characterized in that the capsule is at least one of the following locations: set neck specimens implanted inside individuals or swallowed by a fish.

23. The device according to item 15, wherein the specified sensor to determine that the registered mobility refers to the periods of supply, configured to measure a tilt of the head individuals relative to the earth.

24. The device according to item 15, wherein the specified sensor for determining that the registered mobility refers to periods of food made with the possibility of measuring the distance of the head specimens from the earth.

25. The device according to item 15, wherein the specified sensor for determining that the registered mobility refers to periods of food made with the possibility of tracking the sounds and vibrations that occur during food specimens, and analysis.

26. The device according to item 15, wherein the specified sensor for mobility is arranged to measure acceleration in perpendicular directions, which can reach three.

27. The device according to item 15, Otley is aldeasa fact, that the specified sensor for mobility combined with the specified sensor for determining that the registered mobility refers to the periods of the supply.

28. The device according to item 27, wherein the specified combined sensor signals the magnitude of the mobility of the head is inversely proportional to the angle of the head.

29. The device according to item 27, wherein the first type of combined sensor contains the cell partially filled with liquid and containing at least one transmitter and at least one receiver of electromagnetic radiation, and the radiation received by the specified at least one receiver, indicates the angle of the specified cell.

30. The device according to clause 29, characterized in that the electromagnetic radiation belongs, in essence, the near-infrared region of the spectrum.

31. The device according to clause 29, wherein the specified setting periods of power is carried out by analysing the components of the DC signal received radiation, and check the amplitude of the acceleration of the head is carried out by analysing the components of the AC signal received radiation.

32. The device according to clause 29, wherein the specified cell is additionally filled with gas.

33. The device according to clause 29, wherein the specified cell is additionally filled with a second type of fluid, not miscible with the first specified type.

34. The device according to clause 29, wherein the specified cell is additionally filled with at least one solid body.

35. The device according to clause 29, wherein said fluid is a silicone fluid.



 

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3 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in designs of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals. System of multi-zone three-planimetric differentiated thermoregulation of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals consists of three heating contours of rectangular form. All contours cover each other in concentric manner, and one is located in panel centre, another - along its perimeter, and the third occupies intermediate position between them. In zone of arrangement of each contour on two temperature sensors are placed, connected to thermoregulator, capable to control of heating on average indicator between two sensors in such a manner that at simultaneous thermoregulation in several zones temperature drop from panel centre to its periphery is compensated.

EFFECT: increase of thermoregulation efficiency; prevention of heat losses from panel centre to its periphery; possibility of panel adaptation to animals being on it; maintenance of panel adaptation to take-up by animals of various area of working surface; possibility of heating temperature changing depending on animals age and biological species.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: gas supply.

SUBSTANCE: method consists of IR source and reflector. Heat flow from reflector is determined as difference between heater heat flow and IR source heat flow for IR source with radiation wave length from 0.5 to 7mcm at constant suspension height. Maximum heat flow from reflector is defined. Dependence of maximum reflector heat flow at angle deviation from normal line to the exposed surface and reflector edge height is also calculated. Optimal angle corresponding to maximum heat flow is defined. Height of reflector edges is increased at optimal angle to the sizes when temperature at low reflector edge is equal to ambient temperature. Heat flow density on the exposed surface is reduced by changing angle between normal line to exposed surface and reflector edge plane from 0° to optimal α=αopt angle value or from α=αopt to 90°.

EFFECT: change of heat flow density from IR source.

5 dwg

FIELD: animal farming, in particular, cattle breeding, may be used for prodding of animals from vehicle body during transportation of animals.

SUBSTANCE: method involves acting upon animal by directed high-pressure air flow; apart from pneumatic action, acting upon animal by acoustic pressure of 90-110 dB intensity.

EFFECT: increased safety and reduced labor intensity during prodding of animals.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: stockraising.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes pig radiation with infrared and ultraviolet ray source in slings for certain period of time. Layer of zeolite-containing clay of 3-5 cm thickness is placed on slings floor wherein said zeolite-containing clay is radiated with infrared and ultraviolet ray source for 30-45 min before pig radiation.

EFFECT: radiation of increased effectiveness.

1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: method and equipment for combined local energy-saving heating of animals within animal house.

SUBSTANCE: method involves receiving data from pyrometric sensor of animal's radiation temperature; processing said data and delivering control commands for switching on and off of ultraviolet, infrared emitters and aeration ionizer; before appearance of animal in local heating zone, feeding safe voltage to electric mat placed within local heating zone; receiving data from environment air temperature sensor and from electric mat temperature sensor; when temperature of electric mat reaches value exceeding environment temperature by a number of grades, signaling readiness for receiving of animal; fixing settling of animal within local heating zone by actuation of weight strain gage; providing local heating of animal according to program including animal's kind, breed and age; measuring moisture content of environment air and correcting temperature set on the basis of resulted value during adjusting of radiation temperature as well as that of electric mat by increasing temperature sets upon increasing moisture content of environment temperature and by reducing temperature sets upon reduction of moisture content of environment air; measuring readings of infrared, ultraviolet emitters, aeration ionizer and electric mat on the basis of measured consumed current and time during which said instruments were in switched-on state; calculating daily weight gain on the basis of measured readings of weight strain gage. Apparatus has radiation controlling unit, pyrometric sensor, time relay, comparison unit, infrared and ultraviolet emitters, aeration ionizer, microcomputer with power unit, two temperature sensors, four current sensors with matcher units, moisture content sensor, weight strain gage with interference modules, indication and signaling data introduction module, control switch, and electric mat. Power unit, time relay, input of comparison unit, temperature sensors and indication and signaling data introduction module are connected directly to inputs of microcomputer. Current sensors, weight strain gage and moisture content sensor are connected directly to inputs of microcomputer via matching units and interference modules, respectively.

EFFECT: provision for adequate animal keeping conditions and increased functional capabilities for local heating.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: animal science.

SUBSTANCE: the innovation deals with irradiating animals with the light of IRUV and bactericidal lamps BUV-30. Irradiation of young piglets with IRUV at 00 p.m., 3 a.m., 6 a.m., 1 p.m. 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. at exposures per 30 min should be combined with air disinfection and that of technological equipment with radiation of bactericidal lamps BUV-30 at 1 a.m., 4 a.m.,7 a.m., 2 p.m. and 9 p.m. at exposures per 30 min due to applying a special timer. The innovation enables to increase performance and viability in young piglets.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: ball-shaped toy for dog.

SUBSTANCE: device has ball provided with at least one elongated grip indirectly connected to ball by means of intermediate embracing member arranged around ball or directly connected to ball so as to define continuation to outer casing of ball, to inner casing of ball or to member inserted between outer and inner casings. Such arrangement provides for resilient engagement between grip and ball and constant returning of grip to its radial position relative to ball center. Grip prevents ball from being bitten by dog during playing with it.

EFFECT: increased entertaining effect and provision for preventing ball from damage.

18 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method is based upon detection of non-healthy animals inside area of heating and forming of control signal. Preset threshold signal informing on absence of animal inside area of heating is formed. Then additional signal is formed which corresponds to moment of time at which animal leaves area of heating. Period of time is calculated inside which all the animals leave area of heating and when that period of time is over, the control signal is compared with preset one. Control signal informing on presence of animals inside area of heating is formed according to the result of comparison. The control signal is used for signaling on presence of non-healthy animal inside area of heating. Device has area of heating provided with brooder house, animal presence detector, power supply and relay. Output of power supply is connected with first power input of relay. Device also has signal lamp, first amplifier, first comparison circuit, first preset device, time counter, pulse former, first and second differentiating circuits, first controlled switch, second comparison circuit, second preset device, second controlled switch. Output of animal presence detector is connected with first inputs of first comparison circuit and first controlled switch through first amplifier. Output of controlled switch is connected to first input of second comparison circuit which has second input connected with output of second preset device. Output of second comparison circuit is connected to connection point of output of relay and output of second controlled switch. First input of controlled switch is connected with output of power supply. Output of first comparison circuit is connected with second control input of second controlled switch and with first input of time counted through first differentiating circuit. Output of time counter is connected with second control input of first control switch through pulse former and with null second input of time counter through second differentiating circuit. Output of relay is connected with signal lamp.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of information supply on presence of non-healthy animals inside area of heating.

3 cl

Emitter for animals // 2261593

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: emitter has illumination fittings incorporating infrared radiation source and ultraviolet lamp. Ultraviolet emitter is formed as ring, within the cavity of which round-symmetric infrared radiation source is located. Infrared radiation source is equipped with hood having half-moon shaped channels and is positioned for displacement along vertical axis by means of bimetallic plates. Bimetallic plates are arranged above each of said channels and are immovably secured with their one end to case and with their other end to hood outer surface. Emitter case is made in the form of hemi-sphere with round base.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in irradiating of animals.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to installations of local gas infrared heating of stock and poultry buildings.

SUBSTANCE: the installation for decentralized system of local infrared heating has a « light» gas infrared burner with a reflector and a conical muzzle, a single mainline, a heat exchanger. The upper base of the reflector of the burner is connected through a socket conducting products of combustion with the input of the «hot» channel of the heat exchanger which is fulfilled countercurrent and air-gas and the output of the «hot» channel is connected with environment, the «cold» channel of the heat exchanger at the input is connected with environment and at the output - with air of the agricultural building and through the single main line, the regulation valve, the input socket of a dosing quantity of gas into the pipe-mixture - with the injector connected with the conical muzzle of the infrared burner.

EFFECT: allows to create microclimate in stock and poultry buildings due to installation of a decentralized system of gas local infrared heating.

Emitter (versions) // 2270561

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, animal irradiation equipment.

SUBSTANCE: emitter has casing with gas-discharge lamp and carriage equipped with rollers, telescopic bar mounted centrally of carriage for free displacement along drive cable, another cable to which ends of telescopic bars are attached by means of clamps while other ends of bars are rigidly connected with ends of flexible guide. According to first version, emitter is provided with equal arm lever system and telescopic bar for controlling the latter, said telescopic bar being fixed at lever junction sites. Pivot joints are provided at lever joining sites. Two opposite ends of system are secured to clamps for attachment of telescopic bars to cable. According to second version, emitter is provided with equal arm lever system and telescopic bar for controlling the levers, said bar being fixed at lever arm junction sites. Pivot joints are provided at lever junction sites. Two opposite ends of system are fixed to clamps for attachment of telescopic bars to cable which is positioned for displacement in vertical plane. Upper end of lateral telescopic bars is attached to drive cable by means of rings.

EFFECT: increased animal irradiation efficiency.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: irradiation apparatus has start regulating device with contact mains wires, gas discharge lamp chuck, and reflector attachment device. Apparatus is further equipped with two photo-resistors connected to inductance coil and located on reflector internal surface. Inductance coil with winding and core is positioned centrally on casing. Isolating insert is located between casing and core. Receptacle surface of photo-resistors is turned to internal surface of reflector and is made in the form of wavy strip extending through the entire length of reflector at its both sides, symmetrically to edge of emitter. Casing is connected to attachment device through vibration isolators.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in protecting of lightening equipment from settling of dust thereon and reduced consumption of power.

2 dwg

FIELD: animal farming, in particular, heating equipment for farm animals.

SUBSTANCE: brooder is made in the form of rigid construction of heat-insulating member with heating sources mounted under heat-insulating member. Vertical heat-insulating screens arranged along perimeter of brooder construction are covered at their side facing heating zone with beam reflecting material, with reflectivity of said material being within operating range. Height of screens is sufficient for contacting of their lower edges with heating zone floor. Screens are fixed on heat-insulating member construction. Screens are equipped with vertical slots provided in the vicinity of their lower edge.

EFFECT: increased productivity and retention of stock, and wider operational capabilities.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has sensors for sensing temperature felt in local heating zone, temperature of inside air within room, stock age setters, admissible minimum and maximum air temperatures within room, predetermined felt temperature value, standard air temperature, local and general heating temperature regulators, local heaters and heating elements. Output of felt temperature sensor is connected with first input of general heating temperature regulator. Output of felt temperature value setter is connected to second input of local heating temperature regulator, whose output is switched to local heaters. Heating elements are connected to output of general heating temperature regulator. Apparatus is further provided with outside temperature sensor, inside and outside air humidity sensors, request time setter, setter for signal indicative of air temperature within room, constant setter, first, second and third computing units, summer, control unit, differentiating amplifier whose input defines second input of control unit and whose output is connected to first input of comparison circuit having second input defining common bus of apparatus, and having output connected through differentiating circuit, rectifier and waiting multivibrator to second input of controllable key, with first input of said key defining first input of control unit and output being connected through memory element to output of control unit. Apparatus is additionally equipped with forth computing unit, which is united in conjunction with first, second and third computing units into computer unit, and has heating energy, electric energy, manufacturer product and feed price setters, interface and communication unit, apparatus and program oriented network means unit, and peripheral unit of computer network. Input of said means is connected to user's computer network peripheral unit output.

EFFECT: reduced expenses for general and local heating processes.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: electric heat recovering equipment.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has inlet air fan and waste air fan, small-sized heat-exchanger made from polymeric materials, air feeding branch pipe, air discharge duct and air inlet duct. Apparatus is further provided with electric inlet air heater positioned between inlet air fan and air feeding branch pipe, and recirculation channel for connecting waste air duct to inlet air duct through gate.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of power and enhanced reliability in operation of apparatus.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring and setting room temperature felt by animals; comparing measured and set temperature; measuring temperature and relative humidity of inner air in room and outer air; calculating heat energy losses in room depending on measured temperature and relative humidity of outer air and inner air in room; measuring feed consumption; generating signal indicative of felt room temperature; periodically altering signal indicative of generated felt room temperature in a range between admissible minimal and maximal set values; calculating product cost of given animal batch depending on value of altered signal indicative of generated felt room temperature and measured feed consumption; calculating heating power costs depending on value of altered signal indicative of felt room temperature; calculating feed cost depending on measured feed consumption; calculating first difference between product cost and total costs of heating power and feed cost as profit factor in a range between admissible minimal and maximal preset values of signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; defining maximal value of first difference as maximal profit and corresponding signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; defining second difference value as standardized profit at standard felt temperature in process mode of maximal productivity of stock; subtracting second cost value from first maximal cost of first cost difference to produce maximal third difference cost in the form of maximal profit gain value and corresponding signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; comparing signal indicative of felt room temperature corresponding to maximal first or second difference value with measured felt room temperature; correcting young animal heating mode and animal or poultry house heating mode on the basis of comparison data. Described in Specification is apparatus for controlling economic heating of young animals and house room.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing precise optimization of room heating mode.

3 cl, 3 dwg

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