Multifunctional finishing module for flooring, method for this module manufacturing and method of its installation

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: finishing module comprises at least two planks, which are joined to each other by lateral sides, so that they have at least two surfaces that substantially continue each other and are separated by longitudinal slot, and which are arranged with the possibility of disconnection. Finishing module has at least two various purposes - preferably as joint plank between two flooring coatings or transition plank, or as joint plank or stop plank. Module additionally comprises surface coating applied onto specified planks and closing longitudinal slot between these planks.

EFFECT: improved operational properties of floor.

25 cl, 33 dwg

 

The technical field

The present invention relates to a multifunction finishing module for floor coverings, having at least two different purposes - preferably as a joint plate between two floor coverings or transition strips, or as a joint plate between two floor coverings or retaining strap or as a joint plate between two floor coverings or transition straps, or the lock of the strap.

The level of technology

When laying or updated flooring or floor repair common practice is the use of decorative elements in the form of finishing strips, for example, from wood, metal or plastic that is attached to the floor so that they cover the edge of the at least one floor covering. Among these finishing touches can be called butt strips, transition strips, retaining strap and step pads. The purpose of finishing trims (butt strips, transition strips, retaining straps or speed pads) is determined by the profile of its cross section.

Finishing elements for flooring, made in the form of butt strips, transition strips, retaining strap or step pads are disclosed, for example, in the American patent applications US 2003/015478 and US 2004/0206038, in the American patent US 6745534, US 6805951, US 6517935, in the French patent applications FR 2737237, FR 2848234, FR 2695671, FR 2783854 and in the international patent application WO 03/040492.

Used in this application, the term "butt" Planck relates to a strap, stacked on the floor in the place of joining of two adjacent floor coverings (Mokeev, carpet, parquet, wooden flooring, floor tiles etc). Strips of this type usually have a T-shaped transverse profile. Each wing of the T-shaped strap is intended for closing the edges of each of the two coatings, and the leg of the T-shaped strap is designed to attach the strap to the floor, for example, by interacting with the locking rod or similar element which is rigidly fixed between two floor coverings. Thus, the butt strap allows you to hide the seam between two floor coverings, providing a more aesthetic appearance transition zones between them. In addition, the butt strap allows, if necessary, to compensate and hide the slight differences in thickness between two floor coverings.

Used in this application, the term "transition" Planck refers mainly to a strap that is designed to provide a transition area between the floor covering (carpet, carpet, parquet, wooden flooring, floor tiles, etc. and Polo the same or between two floor coverings, significantly different in height. Thus, the functional purpose specified trims is to compensate and hide significant differences in height between the floor and the floor or between two floor coverings.

Used in this application, the term "lock" strap refers mainly to a strap, ending with essentially vertical side opposite to the flooring side. Strips of this type are used, usually as a finishing elements between the floor and a vertical wall, such as wall or partition.

"Speed strips are strips having L-shaped cross-section, designed to be mounted on the stepped section.

To improve the appearance of the finishing strips for flooring and/or to increase durability on these strips in their manufacture any additional surface treatment, which can be a film or sheet material bonded to the upper surface of the strap. For reference you can give a link to the above mentioned us patents US 6805951 and US 6517935 explaining the method of manufacturing a decorative element containing a thin abrasion-resistant coating is a multilayer type.

In recent times produces the Lee of finishing materials in its quest to simplify planning, offering consumers a one-stop product, pay more attention to the production and sale of multifunctional modules of the finishing strips complete type. Such multifunctional finishing module is described, for example, in international patent application WO 03/040492. According to this publication, this multi-purpose finishing module contains T-shaped butt bar, into which is inserted an additional side rail. If additional side rail and the T-shaped element are assembled together, the module can be used as a transition strips (1st option). To use the module as a joint plate (2nd use case) is sufficient to separate more from the bar of the T-shaped strips, and then the latter can be used as a joint plate.

However, the known multi-functional finishing modules has one drawback, due to the presence of an axial clearance of small width (slit) in the mating surfaces of the individual slats that make up the module. This gap is not only a negative impact on the aesthetic qualities of the finishing module, but it is also a vulnerable area, which is easily damaged and which is more susceptible to contamination.

The purpose of the invention

The aim of the present invention is the creation of Telecinco module multi-function type for floor coverings, devoid of the above drawback, due to the presence of a gap between the stacked individual elements of the multifunctional module.

The invention

The goal has been achieved through finishing module for flooring, disclosed in the first claim. As is known from said publication WO 03/040492 similar to the finishing module contains at least two strips, which, first, are connected to each other side by sides, so they have at least two surfaces, essentially continuing each other and separated by a longitudinal slit, and which, secondly, made with the possibility of separation, and these United straps are designed for use with flooring on the first appointment, and at least one of these strips is designed for use with flooring on the second assignment.

New hallmark of this invention is that the finishing module contains a floor coating on a specified United straps, and closing the longitudinal slot between the bars.

Declared multifunction module has an additional optional technical features, for example, disclosed in the attached dependent clauses, subordinate independent claim 1 of the Fort is uly invention, moreover, these technical features are considered depending on the specific case individually or in combination with each other.

According to another aspect of the invention multifunctional finishing module for floor coverings includes a Central bar having essentially T-shaped cross-section, and one module that contains two side plates connected to each other by a jumper and made with the possibility of separation from one module at a time, and the T-shaped Central plank inserted into one module so that the specified leg of the T-shaped Central strap is located between the two side boards and two wings of the T-shaped strips are adjacent to the two side straps. In this embodiment, the finishing module preferably, but not necessarily, contains a surface coating on all trims.

More details announced multifunction module has the following additional and optional features, taken individually or in combination with one another:

finishing module contains at least fixing rail made with the possibility of interaction with the leg of the T-shaped Central bars; more specifically, this rail is connected with one module, and preferably is in the image quality is as jumpers, connecting the two side plates to each other;

and monoblock module manufactured by extrusion process.

The second object of the invention is a method of manufacturing the above-mentioned finishing module. According to the invention the method of manufacturing includes the following steps:

- make at least two separate strips of equal length;

- connect these trims the sides, so that their two surfaces separated by a longitudinal slit, essentially continue each other;

and lath applied surface coating covering the longitudinal slot.

Preferably during the manufacture of the strips temporarily keep connected, thereby ensuring the application of surface coatings without displacement of the slats relative to each other. More specifically, when the method relates to the manufacture of finishing module containing a single Central bar and two side bars, made an intermediate element containing both side plates, connected to each other by a temporary jumper.

Also according to an alternative variant of the invention with straps temporarily connect the removable support base, providing temporary connection of these strips to each other, in particular when the module is moved or processed.

Third objectlibrary is laying on the floor multifunctional finishing module.

According to the invention this method comprises a stage on which the surface coating is cut at the level of the at least one longitudinal slit between two planks finishing module in order to separate these two straps.

The fourth object of the invention is a cutting device containing the block and connected with it the saw blade. The Shoe is made with the possibility of placing the finishing module and slide along the finishing module by means of its forward conduction along at least one side strap of this module. The saw blade is located and oriented relative to this block so that when the Shoe is on finishing the module, the saw blade enables cutting surface when the translational offset pads for finishing the module.

Brief description of drawings

Other features and advantages of the invention become clear from the subsequent detailed description of some preferred variants of the claimed finishing module. Described in this description, the examples should not be construed as limiting the scope of protection of the invention. These examples are described with reference to the accompanying drawings, on which:

- Figure 1 represents a perspective view of the first variant made what I multifunctional finishing module (butt strap/threshold strip/snap placket), containing an element forming a removable base, which temporarily connects the side plates of the multifunctional module and includes a U-shaped fixing rail,

- Figure 2 represents a perspective view of the T-shaped Central bar shown in figure 1 of the module

- Figure 3 represents a perspective view of the intermediate element containing both side plates shown in figure 1 of the module, the United temporary disconnect the jumper

- Figure 4 represents a perspective view is shown in figure 2 of the T-shaped Central bar connected with shown in figure 3, the intermediate element

- Figure 5 is a perspective view shown in figure 4 depicts the module after applying the lath surface coatings

- Fig.6 is a perspective view shown in figure 5 depicts the module after cutting the time jumpers connecting the side plates,

- 7 depicts a perspective view of the base of the multifunctional module, shown in figure 1,

- Fig, 9 and 10 illustrate the use cases shown in figure 1 multi-function module as butt strips, transition strips and retaining strips respectively,

- 11 depicts a perspective view of a second possible embodiment of a multifunction finishing module (butt strap/threshold strip/snap placket),

- Fig depicts in dapc is hometree third possible embodiment of a multifunction finishing module (butt strap/threshold strip/snap placket),

- Fig, 14 and 15 illustrate the use cases shown in Fig multifunctional module as butt strips, transition strips and retaining strips respectively,

- Fig depicts a perspective view of a fourth possible embodiment of a multifunction finishing module (butt strap/threshold strip/snap placket),

- Fig, 18 and 19 illustrate the use cases shown in Fig multifunctional module as butt strips, transition strips and retaining strips respectively,

- Fig depicts a perspective view of a fifth possible embodiment of a multifunction finishing module (butt strap/threshold strip/snap placket),

- Fig depicts a perspective view of two U-shaped clamping rail, inserted one into the other with the possibility of separation, and these rails are designed for bolting to floor finishing module, shown in Fig,

- Fig depicts shown in Fig multi-function module that is used as a joint plate,

- Fig and 24 illustrate two different uses are shown on Fig multifunctional module as transition strips,

- Fig and 26 illustrate two different uses are shown on Fig multifunctional what about the module as a retaining strap,

- Fig depicts a perspective view of a sixth variant multifunctional finishing module (butt strap/threshold strip/snap placket),

- Fig depicts a perspective view of two clamping rails respectively U-shaped and T-shaped, inserted one into the other with the possibility of separation, and these rails are designed for bolting to floor finishing module, shown in Fig,

- Fig, 30 and 31 illustrate the use cases shown in Fig multifunctional module as butt strips, transition strips and retaining strips respectively,

- Fig depicts a perspective view of a seventh variant multifunctional finishing module (butt strap/threshold strip/retaining strap), and a cutting device for cutting the surface of the coating,

and Fig depicts the cutter installed on the multifunction finishing module, shown in Fig, in the cutting position.

Detailed description

1 shows a finishing module for flooring, which corresponds to the first preferred variant of the invention, and can have three different purposes: butt strap, threshold strip or snap placket.

This finishing module contains five elements:

three from the Christmas strips of equal length, for example, made of wood, namely the Central bar 1, and two side plates 2 and 3 located on both sides of the Central strap,

- 4 surface treatment applied on three finishing strips 1, 2 and 3

and the base 5, for example, from plastic.

Two side plates 2 and 3 have different cross-section profiles (i.e. profiles in the plane perpendicular to their longitudinal axis).

When using a separate finishing strap 1 is an interposer (1st option). Two strips 1 and 2, if they are used together, form a transfer strip (2nd option). Two strips 1 and 2 are used together, form a locking plate (3rd option).

According to the illustrated example of butt strap 1 is symmetrical relative to the median longitudinal plane (P) and has a T-shaped cross-section with a Central base 1A, with two side wings 1b and 1C are identical and symmetrical to each other relative to the plane P. the Upper surface 1d of the strap 1 is made flat in its Central part, but the edges of the wings 1b and 1C it has a curved and rounded.

Side rail 2 is separate from the above strips 1 item. It is parallel to the strip 1 between the Central leg 1A and wing 1b. Strap 2 is Wernigerode 2A, partially in contact with the lower surface of the wing 1b, the bottom surface 2b of the inner side surface 2C, focused on the Central leg 1A of the strap 1, and slightly rounded outer side surface 2d. The outer side surface 2d of the strap 2 is the continuation of the upper surface 1d of the Central strap 1, and surface 1d and 2d divided by a longitudinal slit 6, passing through the entire length of the strips 1 and 2.

Strap 3 is separate from the above strips 1 part and is parallel to the strip 1 between the Central leg 1A and wing 1C. Strap 3 has an upper surface 3A, partially in contact with the lower surface of the wing 1b, the lower surface 3b of the inner side surface 3C, focused on the Central leg 1A of the strap 1, and the external lateral surface 3d, which is essentially flat and is perpendicular to the flat Central part of the upper surface 1d of the strap 1. The external lateral surface 3d of the strap 2 is the continuation of the upper surface 1d of the Central strap 1, and surface 1d and 3d divided by a longitudinal slit 6'passing through the entire length of the strips 1 and 3.

4 surface treatment is a flexible sheet of rectangular shape (single-layer or multi-layer)placed on the upper surface 1d of the strap 1 and the outer side surfaces 2d and 3d bars 2 and 3 are appropriate to estwenno and attached thereto by any known method, for example, by gluing using a binder. 4 surface treatment covers all the above surfaces 1d, 2d and 3d and substantially covers and conceals the two longitudinal slots 6 and 6'. Thus, the three bars 1, 2 and 3 are held connected with this surface treatment 4.

In the General case, "surface coating" finishing module that fall under the scope of legal protection of the present invention, is any coverage of small thickness, which is consistent with the curved surface of the individual slats finishing module regardless of the nature of the materials forming the coating, and regardless of the method of coating trims finishing module. In particular, the coating can be as single-layer and multilayer. It can be a film or sheet of plastic, paper, wood, or any known material (nonwoven or woven). In the preferred case, but not necessarily, the surface coating is a decorative and/or improve mechanical properties wear resistance. Also preferably, but not necessarily, the surface coating glued to strips of finishing module (cold or heat).

The base 5 is an element (preferably plastic)having the same length, which strips 1, 2 and 3. Hosteria the base plate 5A and two identical parallel longitudinal walls 5b, essentially perpendicular to the base plate 5A. The side walls 5b form together with the supporting plate 5A U-shaped rail 5', designed to attach straps (straps) finishing module to the floor.

According to a preferred variant of the invention, represented in figure 1, the base 5 further comprises two side wings 5s continuing support plate 5A on both sides of the U-shaped clamping rail 5'. Each side wing 5s made with the possibility of separation from the U-shaped rail 5'. To facilitate separation of the side wings 5C by cutting each end of the U-shaped clamping rail 5's side wing 5C preferably has a V-shaped longitudinal groove 5d, forming a line of separation of small width.

Both side wings 2 and 3 have their lower sides 2b, 3b, two longitudinal grooves 2E and 3E, respectively. Each side wing 5C Foundation 5 ends of the longitudinal restraint thorn 5e, intended for injection, preferably by pressure in one of the grooves 2E or 3E.

Each wing 5C of the base 5 has an additional longitudinal tenon 5f, made with the possibility of disconnection. As shown in figure 1, additional spikes 5f placed in the above two longitudinal grooves 2E and 3E, so that the base 5 is temporarily connected to the two side straps 2 and 3. In the preferred case, Shi is s 5f allow small elastic deformation relative to the base plate 5A, so the base 5 can be attached by clamping bars 1, 2 and 3 between the two temporary studs 5f.

Under option presented in figure 1, the base 5 is designed to hold in a fixed position side plates 2 and 3, rests in bar 1, and more specifically prevents the displacement of the side bars 2 and 3 relative to the side of the strap 1 in a plane parallel to the cross section of the bars. Thus, module 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 forms a ready-to-use multifunction finishing module, convenient for use and/or transportation and/or sale. When selling this module can be Packed in transparent plastic packaging with user manual.

According to a variant of the invention, represented in figure 1, on the bottom surface 1E of each wing 1b and 1C of the Central strap 1 has a longitudinal locking groove 1f, forming bilateral resistant surface, which put the protruding longitudinal part 2f or 3f strips 2 and 3. Specified protruding portion 2f or 3f block offset in the transverse direction of the side strips 2 or 3 in relation to the Central strap 1 along an axis D perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane P of the strap 1.

Preferably the side surface 1g of the Central leg 1A of the strap 1 have a longitudinal groove 1h, forming bilateral resistant surface, to the which place the protruding longitudinal portion 2h of the strap 2 (part 3h of the strap 3, respectively), blocking the displacement of the side strips 2 (strap 3) with respect to the leg 1A of the strap 1 in a plane parallel to its cross-section, and along the F axis perpendicular to the above axis D.

Preferably, the thickness (e) serving longitudinal portion 2h of the strap 2 (part 3h of the strap 3) is smaller than the height of the groove 1h, so that between the bar 2 (bar 3) and plate 1 there is a small gap, providing a slight mobility of the strap 2 (straps 3) relative to the strips 1 in a plane parallel to the cross section of the bars. The purpose of this gap becomes more understandable when considering Fig.

Preferably protruding longitudinal part 2h and 3h ensure the presence on both sides of the leg 1A of the Central planks 1 longitudinal cavities E, which can be used as a socket for accommodating wall 5b of the clamping rail 5' base 5.

According to an additional preferred characteristic of the side rail 2 (side plank 3) has a longitudinal recess 2i (3i, respectively), running the length of the strap and is made across the lower surface of the wing 1b (wing 1C, respectively) of the strap 1. This recess 2i (3i, respectively) together with the lower surface of the wing 1b (wing 1C) strips 1 restricts the groove G minor width (I)to enable the insertion and the direction of the cutting blade. The input part of the groove G is relevant to the duty to regulate slit 6 or 6'. In practice, the width (I) of the groove preferably should be greater than 0.6 mm

Figure 2-7 illustrates the sequence of the main steps involved in the manufacture and finishing of the module, shown in figure 1.

Stage 1 (Figure 2 and 3)

Make the joint plate 1 and the intermediate element (I, representing the two strips 2 and 3, connected along its length by means of detachable temporary longitudinal jumper R. depending on the material data items 1 and I is made, for example, by machining (wood) or by extrusion (elements of plastic or metal).

Stage 2 (Figure 4)

The bar 1 by inserting a match with an intermediate element I, the leg 1A of the strap 1 is placed in a longitudinal cavity bounded by a temporary jumper R and two external side surfaces 2C and 3C, opposing slides 2 and 3. During this procedure, the protruding portion 2f and 3f of the strips 2 and 3 are placed in their respective grooves 1f of the strap 1, thereby providing a centering module strap 2/strap 3/temporary jumper R relative to the strap 1. As a result, during subsequent operation of applying a surface coating 4 (phase 3 / 5) strips 2 and 3 are held on the strip 1 is fixed.

Stage 3 (Figure 5)

The module formed by the elements 1 and I, and impose paste 4 surface treatment, so that the completely cover the surface 1d, 2d and 3d bars 1, 2 and 3. The mapping method and the adhesion of such coatings are known in the art and therefore not described in detail in this application. Temporary jumper R provides the holding bars 2 and 3, the strip 1 during the operation of applying a surface coating 4.

Applied surface coating 4 hides both slits 6 and 6'.

Stage 4 (figure 5 and 6)

A temporary jumper R connecting strips 2 and 3, is removed by cutting with a cutting device (for example, a cutting blade (5) or a saw). In the strips 2 and 3 is not connected directly with each other (Fig.6). Strips 1, 2 and 3 are held together by means of surface coating 4.

Stage 5 (7 and 1)

Previously educated module plank 1/strap 2/strap 3/layer 4 connects the base 5 (7), made, for example, by way of extrusion, resulting in the finishing module, shown in figure 1. The join operation can be performed simply by pairing the side bars 2 and 3 with detachable temporary spikes 5f base 5.

In the case of the configuration shown in figure 1, the base 5 provides the possibility of removing the above-mentioned temporary jumper R, mechanically connecting the two brackets 2 and 3 with each other and keep them on the Central strip 1. As a result, the finishing module is presented in figure 1, the can is about to be manipulated without risk of bias strips 2 or straps 3 relative to the strips 1 and therefore, without the risk of damage to the coating 4.

Next, with reference to Fig-10 described in detail the various uses of the finishing module is presented in figure 1.

Use as a joint plate (Fig)

On Fig illustrated using a Central strap 1 is shown in figure 1 of the module as a joint plate located between the flooring R1 and R2, having essentially the same height H relative to the floor. This can be any known type of flooring (wood floors, carpet, carpeted floor, parquet, wooden flooring, floor tiles, linoleum, etc). In order to implement the version presented on Fig, the user, having shown in figure 1 finishing the module, it is sufficient to perform the following operations.

The base 5 is separated from the strips 2 and 3 finishing module. The base 5 is cut by two V-shaped grooves 5d, leaving only the U-shaped clamping rail 5'. Floor 4 is cut using a razor blade or similar tool along each longitudinal groove G in order to separate the side plates 2 and 3 (located on part of the surface coating 4) from the Central strap 1 with the part surface coating 4. Since the width (I) each of the slits 6, 6' sufficient for resumes the blade inside of the groove G, it is provided through the cutting of the cover 4.

Further, the end face 5A of the U-shaped clamping rail 5' is attached to the floor between the surfaces R1 and R2 by any suitable methods are selected according to the type of floor (for example, through the fixture and/or gluing). The Central leg 1A of the strap 1 is inserted between the shoulders 5b slats 5' and push it up until both wings 1b and 1 strap will not come in contact with the surface of both coatings R1, R2. In the preferred case, the inner side of both shoulders 5b made of serrated, allowing to fix the joint plate 1 at different heights depending on the height H of the coating.

Use as transition strips (Fig.9)

Figure 9 illustrates the use shown in figure 1 finishing module as transition strips between the floor covering R and the floor below the floor coverings. To implement the version presented on Fig.9, the user, having shown in figure 1 finishing the module, it is sufficient to perform the following operations.

The base 5 is separated from the strips 2 and 3 finishing module. The base 5 is cut manually along one of the V-shaped grooves 5d, leaving only the U-shaped clamping rail 5' and the side wing 5s, while the other lateral wing 5C is separated. From remaining to the 5s had been cut off temporary spike 5f.

Cut manually floor 4 using a razor blade or similar tool, introduced inside the longitudinal groove G, in order to separate the side bar 3 (and the part surface coating 4) from the remaining module plank 1/strap 2/layer 4 covering the strips 1 and 2.

Further, the end face 5A of the U-shaped clamping rail 5' is attached to the floor along the edge of the cover R using any suitable methods are selected according to the type of floor (for example, through the fixture and/or gluing).

Leg 1A of the Central strap 1 is inserted inside the U-shaped rail 5', and a longitudinal retaining spike 5e - inside bottom of the groove 2E of the strap 2. Module plank 1/strap 2/floor 4 advance up until the wing 1C strap 1 will not come into contact with the coating surface R.

Use as retaining strap (figure 10)

Figure 10 illustrates the use shown in figure 1 finishing module as retaining strap between the floor covering R and the floor below the floor coverings. To implement the version presented on Fig.9, the user, having shown in figure 1 finishing the module, it is enough to perform the same operation as previously described for use as transition strips, with the exception that the bar 3 in the notes should C is the repeal of the strap 2.

Referring to Fig.9 (threshold strip) and figure 10 (retaining strap) should be understood that the coating 4, the closing slit connection 6 and 6', protecting it from pollution and hides it, improving the appearance of the finishing module. In addition, prevents the possibility of disconnection or damage to the coating 4 in the connection zone between levels 1 and 2 or between levels 1 and 3.

Figure 11 presents another option stated finishing module, different from the finishing module is presented in figure 1, the absence of a base 5 and the presence of a temporary jumper R, connecting the two side plates 2 and 3. In joints of this jumper with both straps 2 and 3 are V-shaped longitudinal grooves, respectively, 2g and 3g. Jumper R is designed to attach to the floor (for example, by gluing or screwed) strips 2 or straps 3 depending on the selected use case (threshold strip or retaining strap) after another strap, unused in this embodiment, separated from the jumper R.

On Fig presents a third option of the stated finishing module. Under this option, the side surface 1g of the Central leg 1A of the T-shaped Central strap 1 is made of serrated, allowing you to adjust the Central leg height inside U about the different locking rail 5'.

Fig, 14 and 15 illustrate the use shown in Fig finishing module as butt strips, transition strips and retaining strips respectively.

On Fig presents the fourth variant of the claimed finishing module. Under this option strips 2 and 3, and U-shaped clamping rail 5' constitute a single monoblock module 7. This monoblock module 7 is preferably a plastic part manufactured by the extrusion method.

Fig, 18 and 19 illustrate the use shown in Fig finishing module as butt strips, transition strips and retaining strips respectively. It should be noted that in the embodiments depicted in Fig and 19, strips 2 and 3 pre-separated by cutting U-shaped rail 5'.

On Fig presents the fifth variant of the claimed finishing module, designed for use with two U-shaped clamping strips 8 and 9, shown in Fig. Rake 8 is a U-shaped element, the side wall 8b which have serrated inner surface. Rake 9 is a U-shaped element, the side wall 9b which have serrated inner and outer surface. The rail 9 can be additionally inserted into the rail 8 and is adjusted in height relative to the rake is 8 due to the interaction of its external notches 9c with internal notches 8C strap 8.

Fig depicts shown in Fig finishing module, configured as a joint plate and attached to the floor at the junction of floor coverings R1 and R2 using both inserted reek shown in Fig.

Fig depicts shown in Fig finishing module, configured as a transition strips and used for forming the transition area between the floor covering R and floors, and the specified finishing module attached to the floor only rail 9.

Fig depicts shown in Fig finishing module, configured as a transition strips and used for forming the transition area between the floor coverings R1 and R2 that vary in height. In this embodiment, use of the finishing module attached to the floor by both inserted one into each of the rails 8 and 9.

Fig depicts shown in Fig finishing module, configured as a retaining strap and used for forming the transition area between the floor covering R and floors, and the specified finishing module attached to the floor only rail 9.

Fig depicts shown in Fig finishing module, configured as a retaining strap and used for forming the transition area between the floor cover is receiving R and floors, moreover, the specified finishing module attached to the floor by both inserted one into each of the rails 8 and 9. In the use case illustrated in this drawing, the centers of the two strips 8 and 9 are displaced relative to each other, wherein the end face 9a of the slats 9 are not parallel to the end face 8A of the rail 8 and forms with the specified end face 8A of the angle a, which allows to compensate the difference of levels between the floor and the floor R. tilting of the slats 9 relative to the rail 8 is achieved by a small force of deformation of the side portions 8b of the U-shaped rail 8 on its end face 8A. In addition, it should be noted that in this embodiment of the invention (as in the alternative embodiments depicted in figures 1 and Fig) such tilting can be achieved by using some of the gap between the groove 1h and a projecting part 3h of the strap 3 (having a slightly smaller size (e) level (h) of the groove 1h). This gap allows to displace the bar 3 relative to the strips 1 in a plane parallel to the cross section of the bars.

Fig depicts a sixth variant of the claimed finishing module used with two retaining rails 10 and 11, shown in Fig.

The rail 11 is a U-shaped element. The rail 10 is a T-shaped element and can be inserted into the U-shaped element 11 at a different depth.

In the finishing module, shown is on Fig, leg 1A of the T-shaped strap 1 has a longitudinal groove 1, which provides an opportunity of putting this strap on the leg 10b of the T-shaped rail 10. The two plates 2 and 3 are connected to each other by detachable temporary jumper R to be cut during installation of the finishing module on the floor.

Fig depicts shown in Fig finishing module, configured as a joint plate and intended for forming the transition area between two floor coverings R1 and R2. In this embodiment, use of the finishing module attached to the floor using two rails 10 and 11, inserted one into the other, and the groove 1i T-shaped Central strap 1 is worn on the T-shaped fixing rail 10 and rail 11 is attached by any other known method (glued, screwed, and so on).

Fig depicts shown in Fig finishing module, configured as a transition strips and intended for forming the transition area between the floor covering R and floors, and the specified finishing module attached to the floor inserted through both rails 10 and 11. In this embodiment, use of the strap 1 and 2 spaced from each other in a plane parallel to their cross section, and the end face 10A of the T-shaped rail 10 is tilted relative to the end face 11a of the U-shaped rail 11. Similar variations is the use, depicted on Fig, this slope can be achieved through a gap between the groove 1h and a projecting part 2h of the strap 2, and this gap allows to displace the bar 2 relative to the strips 1 in a plane parallel to the cross section of the bars.

Fig depicts shown in Fig finishing module, configured as a retaining strap and intended for forming the transition area between the floor covering R and floors, and the specified finishing module attached to the floor by means of T-shaped fixing rail 10.

Fig depicts a seventh variant multifunctional claimed finishing module(1, 2, 3, 4), and the cutter 12. Attaching finishing this module to the floor can be achieved by, for example, at least one clamping rail (Fig not shown)into which is inserted the Central leg of the strap 1, in the same way as described above for the other six alternatives of the invention disclosed with reference to Fig 1 to 31.

The saw device has a pad 12A and United with her cutting edge 12b. Leg 12 may represent, for example, molded plastic piece. Block 12A has a surface 12C (referred to as the bottom surface), made in the form of a U-shaped recess. Specified neither the inner surface 12C provides the possibility of placing the pads on finishing module (1, 2, 3, 4) and its ongoing conduct on either side strips 2 and 3 along the longitudinal axis of the finishing module. The saw blade 12b is located and oriented relative to the pads 12A so that when the pad 12A is installed on finishing module(1, 2, 3, 4), the saw blade 12b is held inside one of the longitudinal grooves G of the finishing module.

On Fig presents cutting device 12 mounted on the end of the finishing module, shown in Fig. The saw blade 12b partially passes through a longitudinal groove G between the Central plate 1 and the side plate 2. When the sliding device 12 for finishing module (arrow F) of the surface coating is very easily and accurately cut along a specified longitudinal groove G, which allows to separate the element 2 from the Central element 1. If necessary, separation of the other element 3 from the Central element 1, the cutter 12 is enough to turn in the opposite position so that the saw blade 12b entered into a longitudinal groove G between the Central blade 1 and the side plate 3.

Similar cutting device can be used for cutting the surface of the coating 4 in the other embodiments described above, the finishing module.

The present invention is not limited to the fabrication of multifunctional module with three strips 1, 2 and 3. It is more bsim and discloses a multifunctional module, containing at least two straps, which caused the same surface treatment. For example, a multifunctional module can contain a single T-shaped bar 1 and bar 2 and used as a butt plate or transition strips. Also multifunctional module can only contain a single T-shaped bar 1 and bar 3 and be used as a butt strap or snap placket.

In addition, it should be noted that the types of cross-sections of the strips of finishing modules used on the attached drawings, given as non-exhaustive examples, and the invention is not limited to only these options cross-sections. The invention can be equally used for multifunctional finishing modules for flooring that contains straps, cross-sections which differ from those illustrated on the accompanying drawings. In addition, the strap claimed finishing module depending on their cross-sections may take other necessary functions, other than functions, illustrated in the drawings (butt strap, threshold strip or retaining strap). The scope of legal protection of the present invention extends to other variants of use of the finishing module for flooring, for example, the n may be configured as a stepped lining.

1. Finishing module for floor coverings containing at least two bars (1;2/1;3)that, first, are connected to each other side by sides so that they have at least two surfaces (1d;2d/1d, 3d), essentially continuing each other and separated by a longitudinal slit (6/6'), and which, secondly, made with the possibility of separation, and these United straps (1;2/1;3) designed for use with the floor covering on the first appointment and at least one (1) of these strips are intended for use with flooring on the second appointment, characterized in that the module contains a surface coating (4), applied to these United straps (1;2/1;3) and closing the longitudinal slit (6/6') between the slats.

2. The module according to claim 1, characterized in that at least two bars (1;2/1;3) have different cross-sections.

3. The module according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it contains three bars (1, 2, 3), preferably having three different cross-section, and surface coating (4) is applied on all three trims.

4. The module according to claim 1, characterized in that its purpose is to use as a butt strap (1) or transition strips (1, 2)or as a joint plate (1) and retaining strap (1, 3), or as a joint plate (1), or perehodnoi bars (1, 2), or retaining straps (1, 3).

5. The module according to claim 1, characterized in that one (1) of the slats has a T-shaped cross-section and at least one other strap (2 or 3), called the side bar, located next to this T-shaped plate (1) and is held adjacent to it.

6. The module according to claim 5, characterized in that between the foot (1A) of the T-shaped planks and side plank (2 or 3) provided a longitudinal cavity (E)serving as a socket for a portion (5b) means (5'), designed to attach the T-shaped bars (1) to the floor.

7. The module according to claim 5, characterized in that the side rail (2 or 3) and the T-shaped strap (1) is connected to a small gap, providing the possibility of a small displacement of the slats relative to each other in a plane parallel to their cross-sections.

8. The module according to claim 5, characterized in that at least one wing of the T-shaped strap has on its lower surface fixing a longitudinal groove (If), with side rail (2 or 3) contains a protruding longitudinal part (2f or 3f)located in the specified slot to prevent displacement of the side bars (2 or 3) relative to the T-shaped strap.

9. The module according to claim 5, characterized in that at least one side surface (1g) legs (1A) of the T-shaped strap has one longitudinal locking groove (1h), and also the side PLA is CA (2 or 3) contains the convex longitudinal portion (2h or 3h), placed in the specified locking groove (1h) to prevent lateral displacement of the strap (2 or 3) relative to the T-shaped bars (1).

10. The module according to claim 9, characterized in that between the protruding longitudinal part (2h or 3h) and a locking groove (1h) there is a certain gap, providing the possibility of a specified offset side bars (2 or 3) relative to the T-shaped bars (1) in a plane parallel to the cross section of the two bars.

11. The module according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains the first Central bar (1)with a T-shaped cross-section, and two side plates (2 and 3)located on both sides of the leg (1A) of this T-shaped Central strap (1).

12. The module according to claim 11, characterized in that it comprises a base (5), which is connected with the two side straps (2 and 3), provides for the retention of these side plates (2 and 3) on the Central rod (1) and can be separated from both lateral laths.

13. Module 12, characterized in that the base (5) contains the locking rail (5'), designed to accommodate the legs (1A) of the T-shaped Central strap (1).

14. The module according to item 12 or 13, characterized in that each side rail (2 or 3) has a lower longitudinal groove (2nd or 3rd), ensuring its retention on the floor, and the base (5) has for each side bars (2 or 3) lateral wing (5), made possible the spine is detached and has a longitudinal retaining spike (5e), made with the possibility of introducing a specified lower longitudinal groove (2nd or 3rd).

15. The module according to claim 11, characterized in that the two side plates (2 and 3) are connected to each other by jumper (P), which is preferably releasable.

16. The module according to claim 11, characterized in that the two side plates (2 and 3) are part of a single module (7) and configured to detach from the specified module separately.

17. The module according to item 16, wherein the multi-component module (7) contains the locking rail (5'), designed to accommodate the legs (1A) of the T-shaped bars (1).

18. The module according to claim 1, characterized in that between two adjacent slats (1;2/1;3) has a groove (G) low width (I)intended for the insertion and the direction of the cutting blade along the longitudinal slit (6/6') during the cutting surface coating (4).

19. The module according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains two locking bars (8;9/10;11)made with the possibility of introducing one another at different heights.

20. A method of manufacturing a finishing module according to any one of claims 1 to 19, characterized in that it comprises the following stages:
make at least two separate bars (1;2/1;3) the same length;
connect these trims the sides, so that their two surfaces (1d;2d/1d, 3d), separated by a longitudinal slot which, essentially, continue each other;
and bars (1;2/1;3) applied surface coating (4), closing the longitudinal slit (6/6').

21. The method according to claim 20, characterized in that before applying the surface coating strips temporarily hold United, ensuring the application of surface coatings without displacement of the slats relative to each other.

22. The method according to item 21, used for the manufacture of finishing module that contains the Central bar (1) and two side plates (2 and 3), characterized in that the produced intermediate element (I), containing both side plates (2 and 3), connected to each other by a temporary jumper (R).

23. The method according to any of PP-22, characterized in that with straps temporarily connect the removable retaining base (5), providing for the possibility of temporary connection of these strips to each other, in particular when the module is moved or processed.

24. The method of laying floor finishing module according to any one of claims 1 to 19, containing the step of cutting the surface of the coating (4) on at least one longitudinal slit (6/6') between the two straps (1;2/1;3) for the separation of these two bars.

25. Cutting device (12) for the implementation of the method according to paragraph 24, characterized in that it comprises, first, a pad (12A)made with the possibility of placing the finishing module and RMSE is Jenia along the finishing module through the progressive maintenance along, at least one of the side bars (2 or 3) the specified module, and, secondly, the saw blade (12C), United with pad (12A) and located and oriented relative to it so that when the pad (12A) is on finishing the module, the saw blade (12b) allows cutting surface coating (4) when the translational offset pads for finishing the module.



 

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14 cl, 6 dwg

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