Standard structural curb block
SUBSTANCE: standard structural curb block made of fine-grained concrete comprises parallel external face and back longitudinal walls joined by three partitions. Longitudinal walls and connecting partitions are reinforced with common spatial reinforced frame, at the same time extreme end partitions are not concreted, and there is an opening provided in the middle one.
EFFECT: reduction of material and labour expenses for curb works, increased solidity, earthquake resistance, heat and sound insulating properties of building and structure walls, improved quality of works.
8 cl, 5 dwg
The level of technology
The invention relates to the field of construction insulated and cold walls of low - and high-rise buildings and structures built of reinforced concrete frames, as well as foundations, columns, beams, retaining walls in reinforced concrete design structural formwork blocks.
Characterization of analogs
Known hollow block precast-monolithic structures SU (II) 1346742, A J (51) 4 AS 1/08, 1/10, publ. 23.10.87, including longitudinal and the transverse wall bounding an internal cavity and having locking tabs on the outer faces of the transverse walls, it has a bottom. The total area of the holes in the bottom is 30-80% of the area of the bottom. The transverse wall above have one slot for the passage of the horizontal reinforcement. To skip the vertical rods of the reinforcement at the corners of the bottom is provided with four holes. Cavity blocks filled with concrete or foamed insulating mixture.
The disadvantages of this unit include:
- the complexity of manufacturing units;
- a block of concrete with no reinforcement of output terminals in the cavities;
- the transverse wall and the bottom prevent the installation of units in compliance with the conditions of the displacement of the top number on half of the block, when they are installed between terminals vertical reinforcing walls, ignea some of which wound up in the basement, and the top is designed to be embedded in seismos at the level of overlap of the upstream floor.
- the presence of the bottom, while concreting several rows, it is not possible to produce high-quality compaction of concrete;
transverse partition block is shared by a concrete wall on many isolated areas, reducing their solidity;
block walls can be used only as a member;
- dimensions of the block are not subject to the size of the brickwork;
the front side of the block has no finish.
Known permanent formwork SU 1559074, 5 IS 9/10, publ. 23.04.90, where the opposing shields fixed casing will be connected in the grooves on the upper faces of the panels and secured them with removable tabs protruding from the shields to half its height.
The disadvantages of a fixed timbering include:
- installation of the formwork design position is reduced to manual Assembly of boards with rods. This increases overhead costs of installation works;
- material for the manufacture of non-removable casing with the properties of guestimate advantageous to apply only for the manufacture of removable, reusable formwork, because after concrete setting, it could not work in the project design;
- the front side of the casing is not faktoren;
- the block size is not subject to the size of the am brickwork.
Known wall formwork element SU 1733593 A1, 5 IS 1/18, publ. 15.05.92, bul. Shuttering element consists of two parallel walls that are offset along the longitudinal axis and connected by a wall at an angle of 120°÷140° to the walls with education-shaped element.
The disadvantages of wall formwork element are:
formwork element of fine-grained concrete with no reinforcement of output terminals in the cavities;
- the location of the partition angle 120°÷140°compared to 90°, increases its length, leads to excessive materials;
- the partitions are cut concrete walls in many isolated areas, reducing the integrity of a wall;
the front surface of the shuttering element is not faktoren;
the dimensions of the element are not subject to the size of the brickwork.
Known permanent formwork SU 1629435 A1, 5 E04C 9/10, publ. 23.02.91, intended for the production of shuttering works. The formwork consists of fixed plates, connected by ties of tubes. The plates are made of monolithic reinforced concrete separately. The remote ends of the tubes made in the form of rods and clamped between the conical surface fixtures and shut-off cone method compression force R. the Cavity between the plates are filled with insulation.
The disadvantages of fixed about is lubki include:
the nodes connecting plates too bulky;
- bilateral collets, cutting the ends to reduce the cross-sectional area of the connecting tubes is approximately two times;
- hollow metal tubing and fasteners are agents of the cold, which significantly reduce thermal properties of the walls, interfering with the installation of reinforcing steel products;
- profitable collet connection replace welded;
is this a permanent formwork at the location of the walls plays a role only ordinary block;
the formwork is not subject to the size of the brickwork;
- front surface is not faktoren.
Description and critique of the prototype. Known prototype - wall shuttering block, SU 1625967 A1, 5 EV 2/18, publ. 07.02.91,, Boul. Shuttering block can be attributed to the prototype. It consists of three thin-walled longitudinal walls: outer, inner, rear, connected by five transverse concrete walls which have protrusions 15÷20 mm Between the walls formed sections for filling insulating material and a section for pouring concrete.
The disadvantages of formwork block prototype include:
- a block of fine-grained concrete is a complex fabrication;
- a block of fine-grained concrete with no reinforcement. One piece is the efficiency of the unit at the stage of manufacture of storage, transportation and voids in concrete is achieved through the strength of concrete in tension, and this is not enough;
- partitions prevent the installation of the block (offset upper row by half a block) in the presence of vertical rods of the reinforcement walls, the lower ends of which are wound in a solid Foundation, and the top is designed to be embedded in seismos above floor;
transverse partitions block cut concrete walls in many isolated areas, reducing their solidity;
- not resolved the issue of wall insulation in the area of monolithic reinforced concrete pillars;
device internal longitudinal wall can be avoided if first run of the concrete part of the wall, using the inventory form, the remaining space to fill with loose insulating material;
- dimensions of the block are not subject to the size of the brickwork;
the front surface of the shuttering element is not faktoren.
The objectives to be achieved by the invention.
Reduction in construction costs, reducing material and labor costs of shuttering work, simplify the construction, increase the solidity, the earthquake resistance of the heat-insulating properties of the walls of buildings, the improvement of the quality of the work.
Disclosure of inventions
The essence of the invention include the following.
1. Longitudinal article the NCI and the transverse connecting walls to reinforce the General spatial reinforcing cage, at the end of a partition block is not concrete, the average has an aperture. End fittings blocks crosses the void in the walls. After reinforcement of walls, laying concrete, its setting, the unit loses the role of formwork and acquires the function of a bearing element, the working valve which is included in the calculation of reinforcement project construction, in which the block belongs. Also take into account the resistance of the concrete block to the forces of compression and shear. As material and labor costs associated with device structures envisaged by the project, this method of shuttering work is costless.
The unreinforced formwork element (prototype) strength at the stage of manufacture, transportation, storage, installation is ensured only by the resistance of concrete to shear, tension, compression, which is insufficient. Shuttering element (prototype) can only be used as formwork, without finding functions of a bearing element.
2. To improve the earthquake resistance of buildings and structures, the design of the unit can fit between the previously installed vertical rods of the reinforcement walls, the lower ends of which are embedded in the base, the top is designed to be embedded in seismos overlap of the upstream floor with respect to the movement of the upper p is Yes half of the block, without the introduction of new typeblock. Using formwork element (prototype) with five transverse bulkheads such a task is not feasible.
3. The purpose of insulating walls, the inner side of the outer longitudinal wall of the block attached polystyrene plate thickness (thermotechnical calculation). The rest of the volume of voids, after reinforcement, poured concrete. This solution eliminated the need for the middle longitudinal wall provided by the prototype.
4. Horizontally and vertically spaced voids resulting from masonry walls can be used for location calculation monolithic reinforced concrete earthquake resistant frame. The rest of the voids is filled with heat and sound insulating material. In the application of formwork element (prototype) this task is not feasible.
5. With the aim of implementation in the construction of complex constructions and extensions of the architecture, the block size is subject to the size of the brickwork. Shuttering element (prototype) cannot be used in conjunction with brick, because its size is not provided.
6. The longitudinal reinforcement of the walls and the connecting walls can reduce their thickness, to reduce the consumption of concrete, reduce the weight of the walls, to improve their seismic resistance. The strength of unreinforced opalubochni the element is provided by increasing its mass. Paragraphs 2 to 6 determine whether the claimed solution to the criterion "novelty"items 1 - "significant differences".
The implementation of the invention
Figure 1 shows the design of formwork block member. The block includes parallel outer (front) 1 and the back 2 of the longitudinal walls connected by partitions 3. Walls and partitions reinforced a common spatial framework 4. Extreme concrete walls. The front surface of the outer longitudinal wall has a trim 5, with the device on the perimeter of the rectangular chamfered edges. For passing and fixing rods monolithic elements ⊥ location, provided by the holes 6.
In the middle of the partition has an aperture 7. The unit is equipped with a mounting loops 8, after which the unit is connected in the transverse direction by electric welding. To remove obstacles to the installation of the block between the elements of the vertical reinforcement of the walls, in the center of the base layer, the projected point of the cutting and bending of reinforcement 9. At the opposite end of the longitudinal walls, at install time, given the force of the thrust.
The construction of earthquake-resistant monolithic reinforced concrete walls and structures with simultaneous device carrier and insulated layers produced according to scheme 2. The wall is divided into phases. After you install the blocks on the first casting section, complete in horizontal the e channels, educated at masonry blocks, wound elements and flat wire products: 14 - for walls, 15 - to seysmopoyasa in the required amount for the first and second sections.
After you install the blocks on the second casting section, complete the required number of reinforcing products from the first hook is moved to the second. Using the rods 16 is pre-Assembly, 2, 4. The mounting blocks is performed in the following way: on each bottom row, end-to-end, dry, offset by half a block to fit the top row, the stacking direction is changed for each row.
The units are installed so that the previously sealed in the Foundation of the 12 elements of vertical reinforcement wall 10 is located on the longitudinal axis of the carrier layer at a distance of 0.25L block according to figure 2-5.
Setting blocks begin, for example, from left to right. The left end of the block slides on the element 10. The reinforcement frame 4 perekusyvaete, in compliance with the rigidity of the block, at the point 9. The ends thibaudia so that it became possible to install the unit in the design position. In places of contact of the horizontal rods of the reinforcing walls 14 with the element vertical reinforcing walls 10 mount intersections is knitting wire 5. After installation, block the ends of the bent rods 4 are returned to the point 9. Subsequently, the joint is filled with concrete.
For similar and is the device seysmopoyasa 13. Both sets of reinforcing products 15 for beams 17 under a floor 18. The ends of reinforcing products appear in the holes 6 of the block. Subsequently, the joint is filled with concrete.
Next is the device insulation layer by the method of installation and fastening to the inner surface of the outer (front) of the longitudinal wall 1 of slabs of polystyrene 19 figure 4. The rest of the space is used for the device carrier layer and is filled with concrete 20.
The device insulation of walls monolithic insulating fluid is produced in the following way. At the back wall, using the inventory form is monolithic reinforced concrete bearing layer. After hardening of the concrete and removal of the formwork space to the front of the longitudinal walls is filled with a monolithic warming the mixture.
The joints of the blocks with the outer side rubbing waterproof mastic.
A table comparing the COB with the existing prototype - wall shuttering unit SU 1625967.
|Content||The number of items, items|
|The object of the invention||The placeholder||Savings|
|- longitudinal wall||2||3||1|
Saving the content of elements in the object of the invention COB when compared to the prototype is the 5 elements. This is achieved by reducing material and labor costs for construction using COB.
The content of the drawings
Figure 1 - Ordinary COB.
Figure 2 - Scheme of installation of blocks.
Figure 3 - plan View A-a in figure 2.
4 is a cross-Section B-B figure 3.
5 is a Cut-In on average COB (figure 1).
Notes on the elements
1 - the Outer face of the longitudinal wall
2 is a Rear longitudinal wall
3 is a Transverse connecting wall
4 - Dimensional reinforcement cage
5 - Finish
6 - Hole in the back wall.
7 - Opening
8 - mounting loop
9 - Point cutting reinforcement
10 is a Vertical element of the reinforcement walls
11 is a Vertical spatial reinforcement cage
12 - Foundation
13 - Seismos
14 is a Horizontal element of the reinforcement walls
15 - Flat reinforcing the product
16 - connecting rod
17 - situ reinforced concrete beam ⊥ location
18 - Overlap
19 - Plate polystyrene or concrete, polystyrene outplays what I mix
20 - situ concrete base layer
1. Structural formwork block member of the fine-grained concrete containing parallel outer front and rear longitudinal walls connected by three partition walls, characterized in that the longitudinal walls and the connecting walls reinforced the General spatial reinforcing cage, while the extreme end walls are not concrete and in the middle there is a doorway.
2. The unit according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made with the possibility of education in the masonry walls of hollow vertical and horizontal channels for the placement of insulation, reinforcing products, fill with concrete.
3. The unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the reinforcing bars spatial frame extend into the voids of the block.
4. The unit according to claim 1, characterized in that it is a supporting element of the walls.
5. The unit according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made with the possibility of education in the masonry walls of hollow vertical and horizontal channels for the device in them earthquake resistant building frame.
6. The unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the rear longitudinal wall with holes for the passage of the valve.
7. The unit according to claim 1, characterized in that its width and height are equal.
8. The unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the front side of the outer longitudinal wall has a finished surface.
SUBSTANCE: retained folding formwork for construction of cast-in-situ walls includes parallel panels and hinged ties, vertical posts with panel and tie attachment devices located on external side of vertical post throughout their height. Panels of formwork are meshed, hinged ties are attached to vertical posts so that they can be turned in attachment devices, each one is made in the form of a zigzag so that sections inclined in plan view to surfaces of panels and sections in bend area, which are parallel to flat external wall of vertical post and contact it, are formed; at that, two hinged ties adjacent as to height are located in opposite phase relative to each other and fixed on posts in a staggered order. Hinged ties are fixed at one and the same height of opposite posts and located in one and the same plane.
EFFECT: improving stiffening characteristics of formwork system at the concreting stage and increasing the strength of sections of the built construction.
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises concrete pillars that consist of permanent forms made of cellular blocks that create wells for pouring of heavy concrete with previously arranged vertical reinforcements, insulating plates, wall forms of blocks for instance. Foiled insulation is installed in wells of concrete pillars on inner side of erected wall, inside wells there are through horizontal holes previously arranged along wall, where longitudinal anchors are installed, at the same time wooden carcass-frame arranged between concrete pillars is fixed to longitudinal anchors, and ledger strips are fixed to vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame along wall at one or two sides, besides vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame and ledger strips are installed perpendicularly versus each other. Between ledger strips there are insulating plates arranged or mineral insulator having same thickness with ledger strips, and between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame there is a second row of insulating plates or mineral insulator having same thickness with vertical stands. Foiled insulation is installed to the latter, being fixed with the help of ledger strips, or on completion of inner and outer rows of wall curbs and insulating plates installation between ledger strips, insulator fill may be filled between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame, or cellular concrete in liquid form may be filled. For pouring of cellular concrete there are holes arranged along vertical stands, where pins are installed. Also in insulating plates or mineral insulator arranged between ledger strips and vertical stands, in foiled insulation installed between them, in certain areas there are through holes provided, where transverse anchors are installed with the possibility of fixation and attachment of inner and outer rows of wall forms made of blocks, for instance to wooden carcass-frame.
EFFECT: higher number of storeys constructed, simplified technology of wall erection and lower cost of wall construction.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: reinforcement for reinforcing panel of heat-insulation concrete form includes a fastening brace element built in the reinforcement and retained in it in its place due to material enveloping it and intended for attachment thereto a brace for connecting the panel to opposite panel in heat-insulation concrete form, and device for connecting the reinforcement to the panel being reinforced. There also described is version of reinforcement for reinforcing panel, panel of heat-insulation concrete form, set of heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form of columns, heat-insulation concrete form for T-shaped wall and method of reinforcing panel in heat-insulation concrete form.
EFFECT: reinforcement and strengthening of wall structures of heat-insulation concrete forms.
26 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: fixed construction formwork includes soft cover with interconnected cells formed inside it and intended for being filled with solidified compound, and stiffeners. Cells have parallelepiped shape and are located along the whole formwork; at that, one of the sides of rectangle in cross section of cell corresponds to thickness of manufactured building structure, and stiffeners are installed between cells in inter-fabric slots along the whole cell and are made in the form of planks.
EFFECT: improving aesthetic and strength properties with simultaneous increase in labor efficiency when manufacturing formworks and simplifying the design.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: at the first stage of erection, external and internal panels of leave-in-place form are installed, and in areas where vertical reinforcement rods or vertical anchors installed in foundation come out, reinforcement frame is placed, and extensible shaping facility is installed to embrace the latter in the form of hollow volume trihedral rod, which is temporarily fixed by its larger face to internal surface of form panel, and sheets of heat insulation materials are attached to two other faces of rod and are fixed by their free ends to internal side of leave-in-place form. Then concrete mass is poured into rod, and as concrete gains in strength, rod is released from temporary fixation and is extended to design height till final erection of support pillar with repetition of the first stage operations cycle, after erection of support pillar till design height, hollow volume trihedral rod is withdrawn from form, and panels of leave-in-place form are fully filled with concrete mass till its final hardening.
EFFECT: possibility to operate building with increased load over its slab.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to method for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure in reinforced concrete version, when prefabricated non-withdrawable curb systems are used from wall curb system and ceiling curb system. Method for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure in reinforced concrete version, in which non-withdrawable curb system is used from prefabricated wall curb system comprising two curb plates, which are installed at a distance from each other and are fixed to each other by means of fixtures, moreover, joining element between wall and ceiling is represented by mounting armature. For ceiling they use prefabricated non-withdrawable ceiling curb system, which is made without grid truss and comprises support plate, on which multiple separate longitudinal rods are placed parallel to each other, which, by means of multiple U-shaped brackets, which are installed on support plate with their angle shelves inverted to support plate and installed at the distance above support plate with their angle walls, are welded in angles between angle shelf and angle wall, and therefore separate longitudinal rods are fixed with the main plate at the distance from it so that separate longitudinal rods lie in lower area, especially in lower third of manufactured ceiling finished concrete ceiling. Ceiling system of curb and wall system of curb are fixed to each other so that separate longitudinal rods of ceiling curb system pass perpendicular to wall system of curb. Mounting armature on one side is inserted into wall curb system, and on the other side is fixed on separate longitudinal rods of ceiling curb system, so that mounting armature by means of separate longitudinal rods is fixed on support plate of ceiling curb system.
EFFECT: provides for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure, especially, wall-ceiling joint.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: present invention pertains to building components for constructing concrete walls, and more specifically, to connection straps, which are used for holding panels at a distance and parallel each other. The connection strap for joining the first and second wall panels, where the first and second wall panels lie parallel each other, have first and second end pieces. Each of the end pieces stretches between the first edge, which is inside the wall panels, and the second edge. The second edge has a first hinged member. The first end piece is in the first wall panel. The second end piece is in the second wall panel and the centre section, stretching between the pair of second hinged members. The centre section lies between the first hinged member of the first end piece and the first hinged member of the second end piece, in which one of the first and second hinged members is in form a hinge pin, and the other has at least one first gudgeon and at least one second gudgeon. The hinge pin forms a vertical hinge axis. The first finger is vertically displaced from the second finger. The first and second gudgeons can support opposite sides of the hinge pin. Description is also given of the building component part.
EFFECT: easier moulding of end sections using injection moulding process, reduced number of stages, required in the injection moulding process, as well as cost of making connection straps.
16 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns construction industry and can be used for erection of walls made of form panel boards. The wall comprises form panel boards with outside facing panels, reinforcement and insulant. The wall also comprises blocks, which include opposed form panel boards made by applying, for example, gas concrete or foam concrete panels of the required thickness onto the facing panels, and the inside surface of the gas concrete panel of the form panel board facing the outside face of wall is covered with insulating plate. Between the gas concrete or foam concrete panels and facing panels of form panel boards, plates of a length equal to the wall thickness and made, for example, of gas concrete or foam concrete are installed in transverse direction. Reinforcement is pre-installed between the transverse plates and facing panels, and an insulating panel of a thickness necessary for thermal insulation is located between the reinforcement, and holes are made in the corners of the form panel boards and through the transverse plates, fasteners fixed on both sides are inserted into these holes transversely to the block. To attach the transverse plates with each other and the form panel boards, there are holes in the plates, in which fasteners fixed on both sides are inserted along the block length, these fasteners can be left in their places. Between the facing panels, insulating plate and transverse plates, concrete columns are embedded into the reinforcement, and after hardening of the columns the fasteners pre-installed transversely to the block in the corners of the form panel boards are removed.
EFFECT: increased wall strength, constructability and cost reduction.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to construction field, namely, to walls with unremovable form blocks for building of multistoried buildings. Wall includes main form blocks arranged one over the other in layers with closed cavities, internal cavity whereof has a rectangular parallelepiped-shape formed by longitudinal and transverse walls and open in its lower and upper basements, with one of the side flat ends open having a top-flatted cavity formed by wings continuing longitudinal walls of the block, length whereof makes part of the length of closed cavities, and additional blocks. Longitudinal and transverse walls of unmovable form blocks are made of longitudinal and transverse blocks gathered together on the wall building - up site in such a way, that, at first, foundation is poured, then reinforcement is set vertically on it, then alternatively odd and even rows of form blocks are laid out, so that, in the places where reinforcement was preliminary vertically installed longitudinal blocks of form blocks of odd and even rows are placed overlapping and off - set against each other by the width of the concrete pillar and along with transverse blocks, heating plates arranged on the internal side of each of external longitudinal blocks between transverse blocks and vertically arranged reinforcement are set forming a well for pouring of concrete mortar with consecutive consolidation and formation of concrete pillars with certain periodicity, whereon the entire wall construction is mounted and rested. Provided that heating plates are set and fixed to the internal surface of external longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks, whereat in unmovable form blocks longitudinal blocks and one of the transverse blocks are connected with each other by means of angle bars and fixing units, and the other transverse block is connected with longitudinal blocks from above by fasteners. Besides, longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks are preliminary reinforced, whereat one end of reinforcement is fixed to the vertically arranged reinforcement of concrete pillar and the other end is fixed to the vertically arranged reinforcement of neighbouring concrete pillar. Door port is formed by displacement in the wall of the first, second and the third longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks at brickwork by width of the door port with consecutive installation into the door port prior to laying of the fourth row of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks. Window aperture is formed by displacement of the second and third rows of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks by the width of window aperture with consecutive installation of window block into the aperture prior to laying of the fourth row of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks, whereat one floor of the built - up building is assembled from four rows of unmovable form blocks.
EFFECT: increased number of stories of building, simplified technology of wall building up and building costs reduction.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the construction field and may be used for construction of leave-in-place form for building external and internal solid-cast and heat insulating walls of multi purpose buildings and constructions without further coating. Leave-in-place form block consists of two concrete plates accommodating inserted female screws. Metal construction hooks engaged at the ears of plastic strainers are screwed into the female screws. Varying depth of hook screwing in adjusts upright position of plates placing. Usage of hooks of various thicknesses and consecutive connection of strainers makes possible getting forms for building up walls of various thicknesses. Plates may be manufactured with decorative coating heating layer making walls building much easier. Blocks in the same row are connected between each other by means of wire strainers. Blocks in neighboring rows are connected by plastic strainers. Form construction consists in its consecutive extension starting from the bottom row. Further rows are placed over the bottom one until reaching the required height. Metal reinforcement, embedded elements may be set into the space between the walls of the form in order to avoid slotting for laying of service lines and perforation of openings and doors at full thickness of the wall.
EFFECT: simplified assembly of the form; reduction of storage and transportation expenses; cost reduction of assembly works; possibility of preliminary assembly of heat insulating layers; possibility of usage of plates in the form as a ready for operation coating of the wall under construction; simplification of building walls of various thicknesses.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly forms.
SUBSTANCE: isolation building form structure includes form sized to erect one concrete wall section. Form comprises the first elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene and the second elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene. Each panel has top and bottom, wherein panel bottom serves as building wall bottom and panel top is building wall top. Form comprises elongated horizontally spaced vertical dividers of foamed polystyrene having at least four sides and arranged between panels. Dividers serve as spacing bars and define spaced channels for concrete pouring between dividers. Dividers have upper and lower ends. Upper divider ends are spaced downwardly from upper ends of panels, lower ends thereof are spaced upwardly lower ends of panels to form upper and lower areas for concrete pouring. Upper and lower areas communicate with channels between dividers. Dividers have uniform cross-sections along the full length thereof so that concrete to be poured in channels form concrete columns having constant dimension in vertical direction. Each column has four vertical sides arranged at an angle one to another so that medium parts of concrete posts are wider than side parts thereof, which results in decreased width of divider centers for decreasing dividers compression between panels under the action of compression force applied thereto.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs, improved manufacturability.
12 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for erecting outer and inner cast-in-place walls of building and building structures.
SUBSTANCE: connection member comprises two parallel lay-on cradle members arranged on one level. Cradle members have side walls for form panel receiving and transversal anchor tie for cradle members connection. Distance between cradle members is equal to thickness of wall to be erected with the use of above form. Distance between side walls of each cradle member is equal to form panel wall thickness. Anchor tie is made as connection member located transversely to cradle members. Connection member is rod constituted of two parts to adjust length thereof within the given range by mutual moving rod parts along rod axis and by relative fixation thereof. One rod part has blind axial hole and inner annular bead located at hole edge. Another rod part has a number of coaxial outer annular beads spaced equal axial distances and divided by annular grooves. Each groove has width equal to that of inner annular bead of the first rod part. Annular beads formed in the second rod part have equal diameters exceeding inner diameter of inner annular bead and equal to that of axial hole of the first rod part. Inner annular bead and/or outer rod beads are made of resilient material. Elasticity of above material and bead shapes are selected to provide one by one passage of outer annular beads of the second rod part through inner bead of the first one to stepwise reduce rod length up to predetermined value. Above length adjustment is performed by applying predetermined axial adjusting force to rod along with preventing mutual axial displacement of rod parts after force removal.
EFFECT: reduced of costs of connection member production, transportation and storage, reduced labor inputs for connection members arrangement on form panels and reduced material consumption.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly permanent forms for all-purpose building and building structure walls erection.
SUBSTANCE: fastener comprises two supports for permanent form panels and connection member arranged transversely to supports. Connection member ends are connected with one support by orifice-toothed finger type connection so that supports are parallel one to another and bases thereof are on the same level. Above connection is located on support base level and includes oblong orifice extending in transversal direction relative connection member. Orifice is made in joint area of one component to be connected and is adapted for engagement with toothed finger oblong in the same direction and secured to another component. Connection member is formed as a set of sections to provide length regulation thereof in the given range by changing a number of connection member sections and by mutual connection thereof. Ends of each section may be connected with supports or with ends of another section by means of orifice-toothed finger type connection including oblong orifice formed on one component and toothed finger created on another one.
EFFECT: increased simplicity and reduced cost of fastener components and supports production, transportation and storage due to elimination of need in differently sized fastener components and supports; extended operating capabilities due to possibility of fastener usage for securing wall reinforcement members.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for erection of above-ground heat-insulated reinforced concrete walls of dwelling and civil buildings with the use of retained forms.
SUBSTANCE: assembly comprises opposite panels formed of porous heat-insulating material and connected by bridges so that panels define space for reinforcement mounting and hardening pourable material pouring. Upper, lower and side panel surfaces have extensions and corresponding depressions to connect one assembly to another ones. Each bridge includes central part and two extreme parts connected to central one by connection members. Extreme parts have elongated members located inside panels and terminating in plates located on outer panel surfaces. Plates have projections formed on outer surfaces thereof. Each projection height is at least 3 mm. Panels and plates are covered with facing layer applied on outer surfaces thereof by partial panel immersion in mould filled with pourable hardening material. Methods of form assembly and of building wall erection with the use of above wall assembly are also disclosed.
EFFECT: increased reliability and strength of retained form and wall erected with the use of the form, increased rate of wall erection.
19 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly for erecting frame or frameless cast-in-place structures, particularly to construct low-story buildings and buildings in the case of limited capacity of building equipment usage.
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming cavity by fixing retained form members with the use of knock-down form so that retained form members are arranged on inner surfaces of knock-down form panels; strutting off opposite retained form members by stay rods having stops; connecting opposite knock-down form panels with each other with the use of fastening members which pass through members of retained and knock-down forms; pouring concrete mix in layers; grouting stay rods in wall and demounting knock-down form after concrete layer hardening. To perform above method at least 4 rows of orifices are formed in knock-down form panels, retained form panels comprise at least 2 rows of orifices formed so that the orifices are located in apexes of rectangles identical for forms of both types and for any two pairs of the nearest orifices of adjacent rows. Horizontal row of knock-down form panels is installed on lower hardened wall layer or on a base and retained form is installed along with air-tightly connecting adjacent members thereof. Then retained form orifices are coaxially aligned with knock-down form ones. Stay rods formed of heat-insulating material and having stop washers on stay rod ends and threaded orifices are installed in the cavities. The threaded orifices are coaxially aligned with knock-down form ones. Threaded sections of fastening members are inserted in end threaded orifices of stay bars through pressing washers and orifices of the forms. Guiding sections are simultaneously seated in knock-down form panel orifices. Pressing washers are located from outer surfaces of knock-down form panels. Both forms are secured by screwing in fastening members and thereby pressing knock-down form panels to retained form members over the full surface thereof along with pressing retained form members to limiting washers. After being demounted knock-down form is moved upwards and new row of form panels is mounted by connecting lower edges thereof to wall with the use of at least two rows of grouted stay rods and fastening members. After that cavities inside upper part of knock-down form are formed once again for pouring next concrete mix portion.
EFFECT: possibility to utilize only friction force appeared due to pressing retained form members to stay rods over their surface by knock-down form panels for retained form fastening during building structure erection; possibility to regulate above force and to substitute some members for simple and light-weight ones (knock-down form), elimination of other members (post), prevention of cold bridges appearance, optimization of building process due to structure member reuse.
12 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly units and methods to connect retained forms and building structures one to another during building erection, load-bearing and self-supporting partition forming inside buildings, during heating of buildings to be reconstructed, building facing and lining, as well as landscape architecture objects erection.
SUBSTANCE: retained form comprises sheets with grooves formed on side faces thereof. The grooves are sized in accordance with dimensions of fixer adapted to connect one sheet to another one. The retained form comprises straight and corner members provided with grooves mating in size with fixer. The sheets and straight and corner members are provided with fixing corbels. Each corbel has at least one groove sized in accordance with fixer dimensions. Unit adapted to connect sheets, straight and corner members is made as fixer inserted in grooves thereof. The fixers are formed as round discs.
EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of retained form and building structure assemblage, reduced mounting time, decreased number of necessary fastening members, reduced material and material consumption and weight, extended functionality of retained form and building structure, improved building and building structure appearance.
2 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to erect load-bearing building walls.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises frame structure composed of frame members connected one to another by cross-pieces. The frame structure is mare as three-dimensional grid defining cells. Each cell is formed of two frames with holes located at frame corners and connected one to another by cross-pieces arranged in frame corners. The cross-pieces are provided with locks. Each lock is made as angle member and plate bent in two steps. The angle member and the plate are connected by rectangular plate. Building erection method with the use of above device is also disclosed.
EFFECT: simplified method due to porous concrete usage and possibility to create all-purpose building frame, which provides necessary strength of load-bearing walls, increased reliability and reduced material consumption.
5 cl, 12 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: land-based construction, particularly to erect reinforced concrete building walls with the use of retained form.
SUBSTANCE: assembly comprises two opposite panels formed of porous material and connected with each other by at least one bridge. The panels form space defined by inner panel surfaces. Each bridge is sectional and comprises core part and at least two extreme parts. One end of each extreme part is connected with one core part end. Another end of each extreme part is provided with elongated member, which extends from inner panel surface to opposite outer panel surface inside panel body and terminates with fixing means. The fixing means secures extreme part of bridge to panel. Outer surface of at least one of two panels is provided with facing. Elongated member of extreme bridge part passes beyond outer surface of above panel. The fixing means is made as a grid or mesh, which is opposite to outer panel surface and spaced from the surface. The grid or mesh may be directly located on outer panel surface. The fixing means is connected to elongated member ends extending beyond outer panel surface and is embedded in facing layer.
EFFECT: increased strength of the assembly and reduced labor inputs due to above assembly usage.
10 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly to erect cast-in-place walls faced with panels of different properties (heat-protection, sound-proofing and so on).
SUBSTANCE: device for permanent connection of wall panels to be concreted adapted to erect cast-in-place walls includes several clip pairs secured to both panels and made as resilient bent plates. One clip of the pair has U-shaped profile with four inclined projections connected to sides thereof, another one comprises four corresponding grooves. All clip pairs are adapted to retain panels so that the panels are spaced predetermined distance apart. The inclined projections are bent with respect to slip sides to improve filling of U-shaped clip interior with concrete.
EFFECT: increased fullness of panel space filling with concrete and possibility to compensate assemblage errors.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly devices for reinforcement and other members fixation.
SUBSTANCE: fastening device comprises curvilinear section immersed in hardening material and bent end. The curvilinear section and bent end are made as a single whole of wire and formed as flat spirals. The first spiral may be unwound to create conical screw line and grouted with hardening material. Another spiral has insulation shell and may be unwound to create socket on structure to be formed of hardening material after isolation shell removal.
EFFECT: decreased material consumption and structure production costs, increased operational reliability and manufacturing capabilities and extended fastening device range.
1 cl, 1 dwg