Clamping device with crank mechanism

FIELD: transportation package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to clamping device (100) furnished with holder (104, 105) moving along feed pipe (106, 244). Said holder embraces packing pipe (106, 244) of braking ring (110, 246) to impart friction force to hose-like packing envelope removed, in filling, from said packing pipe (106, 244). Holder (104, 232) is coupled with drive that makes holder reciprocating parallel to packing pipe (106, 244). Drive has crank mechanism with bell crank (222) coupled with holder (104, 232) on drive side.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

22 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to inhibiting the device from moving along the filling tube holder for covering all sides of the filling pipe of the brake ring to provide frictional force to remove during the process of filling with a filling pipe rocafuerte packaging shell and connected to the holder drive for the implementation of the reciprocating motion of the holder parallel to the filling tube.

When the Packed material, such as sausage stuffing (can be downloaded putty or sealant), is fed through the filling pipe connected to the dosing machine, closed with one hand rocalobras packaging shell, the output filling pipe is formed sausage. While packing shell, which first manually or automatically was put on the filling pipe or which has been manufactured from a flat ribbon of film, which are sealed by heat sealing and forming folds over the filling tube to the sleeve, pulled together with a filling pipe under the action of loading pressure.

Described initially quite famous delaying device in the filling process is stationary next to the filling pipe and installed in such a way that serves as a holder and a support for the covering from all sides of the filling tube, timesnowonline (brake shell). Check device, therefore, has a holder (holder brake shell), which, as a rule, suitable for receiving the brake rings with different diameters, to allow adjustment to different diameters of the filling pipe. The brake ring, which typically has an annular rubber lip elastically pre-strained against the filling pipe and thereby presses the shell to filling the pipe. As a result of this pressure creates friction, which helps to ensure that the shell during filling controlled filmed with a filling pipe and that, depending on the pre-tension brake ring, was obtained sausage desired elasticity.

Consistently to the filling device filling pipe and to check the connected device for separating portions of the containers, the so-called "Clipper", machine for applying clips, which with the help of the displacing elements (briefly) radially pinched filled packaging casing and thus displaces in the zone pinches the feed material, so that finally, with the help of clamping tools be installed on the packaging casing in the zone pinches one or two clamping element (clip) and clamp it in a circle. With a knife, packaging sheath can the t to be split between the two clamping elements, to get individual sausages or sausage sticks desired length. There are two types portionwise-clamping devices: on the one hand, this device from the expansion clamping, in which the pinching elements after pinches (necking) in the axis direction of the tubular shell depart from each other to lengthen the formation area of the neck to install the clip. From the document DE 10131807, on the other hand, it is known portionwise-clamping device in which to simplify the kinematics refuse elongated zone of formation of the tip of the sleeve. This type portionwise-clamping device due to the simplified kinematics can operate at much higher clock frequency.

In connection with the expansion clamped know that you need to return the brake ring back onto the filling pipe opposite to the direction of escape of the packing sleeve during unclamping in the free position. This is necessary in order to release sufficient packing volume, which may shift boot material displaced during the formation of the neck and unclamping the pinching elements. For this purpose, the holder brake shell, as is known, is connected with a pneumatic actuator, which operates in parallel with the filling pipe and retract the brake ring together with holds the Telem on the filling tube, while the pinching elements form and open the neck of the tip of the sleeve. At the end portions, the pinching process at the next filling the popping intermittently working boot device pneumatic actuator moves the brake ring forward again, close to the end of the pipe forward position, and releases when it first replaced the packing material in the newly shot of the packaging sleeve. A La carte-pinching device from the expansion clamping work usually with a clock frequency of from 50 to 100 cycles per minute.

Clamping device, such as is known from the document DE 10131807 portioning devices are, however, in a situation where it is necessary to significantly increase the speed of production. At a clock frequency of 200 cycles per minute is not guaranteed synchronicity and sufficient reciprocating motion, since the working medium (air or another substance in the gaseous state), despite possible the exact time of the switch valve pneumatic actuator, at least, under normal parameters supply lines flowing not fast enough. Therefore, also in these machines for applying clips refused elongated zone of formation of the tip sleeve camshaft through cuddling, as there are not many downloadable mA is eriala will be ousted, and refused deviating movement of the brake ring.

According to this object of the invention is a device that provides a further increase in the productivity of the modern portions of the device.

The problem is solved by delaying device specified first type of actuator which has a crank mechanism with a crank, which, in turn, drive side is connected to the holder.

While for the process camshaft pressing at a clock frequency of up to 100 cycles per minute was enough of a pneumatic actuator for providing reciprocating motion of the holder, the drive crank mechanism in this respect is much better, as created by the reciprocating movement of internally connected with a driving movement and, thereby, provides synchronism with a drive mechanism (at any speed).

In particular, in such portioning devices without camshaft cuddling deviant brake ring is also preferred because then you can refuse intermittent filling process in favor of a continuous filling process. A permanent pump at the same performance is much more economical and requires less remediesdivine, as intermittent filling process at such high clock frequency sets very high requirements to the packaging machine, for example a high starting speed. For priemoemege in the process of continuous filling and promoted further Packed material, while pinching and clamping elements form the neck of the packaging shell, using deviant brake ring creates different quantities so that the packaging sheath is not damaged and, for example, will not burst.

In accordance with a further preferred improvement of the delay device has a connecting flange with end pin, which, on the one hand, is connected with the driving mechanism of the clamping device, and on the other hand, is connected to its drive shaft. This structurally simple way, thanks to the use of a single drive mechanism for clamping devices, and for delaying device, and secured using the described crank mechanism of the forced connection of the reciprocating movement inhibiting device and a reciprocating motion (motion lifting) the pinching elements and clamping tools, clamping devices are always synchronous to each other.

So, despite the mechanical is some connection, to prevent breakage of the inhibiting device or other parts of the drive mechanism or drive, check the device preferably has a safety clutch. Thereby, ensures that, for example, when you lock the reciprocating motion of the holder of a continuously operating drive unit will not cause damage retarding devices or other elements of the mechanism.

In order to make possible a variable breakpoint for reciprocating movement of the holder and, thus, AC hoist brake ring, delaying device, in the preferred embodiment, has a battery operating energy and, behind him, in the direction of transmission of force efforts - the trigger mechanism. This creates an opportunity to ensure that the drive unit can operate in continuous mode and then move the crank mechanism, while the trigger mechanism holds the holder from the side of the actuator in the desired breakpoint, and the drive energy is stored in battery operating energy. This serves to hold the holder together with the brake ring in the retracted release position until such time as the clamping elements and clamping tools after clamping can - depending on the caliber of manufacturing is by sausage - partially or fully to clear the road.

The trigger mechanism is preferably designed to influence the crank or connected with the crank drive shaft. Battery working power includes, in accordance with a preferred improvement of connecting one drive shaft to another drive shaft, loaded torque of the spring element. With this design is the connection of the drive motion to the drive movement in the area of the cardan transmission, and to transmit the circular motion of the crank to the linear movement of the holder can be selected by a simple connecting rod mechanically highly loaded.

Safety clutch, in the preferred embodiment, has a drive coupling connecting the drive shaft with the spring element and the spring element is preferably in the form of a helical compression spring which presses the clutch disc along the axis to the drive shaft. Thus, the spring acting on one side as the battery operating energy, can also serve as a means of pressing for safety clutch. This reduces the number of moving parts.

In a preferred embodiment, the drive shaft has a coupling element which is in engagement with a corresponding coupling element of the clutch, and the engagement opens the ri defined relative angular position between the drive shaft and the drive shaft. For example, compared with a slipping clutch, which in this case has the advantage that the drive shaft to the drive shaft by a screw element and the clutch is always due to the location of the respective clutch elements are in a specific angular position in engagement with each other. Thus, supported synchronicity and, accordingly, the position of the phase between the drive mechanism of the inhibiting device and a reciprocating holder, even after the safety clutch started to act.

Alternative for mechanically connected to the drive mechanism of the clamping device, the supporting device is connected to the drive shaft (own) drive mechanism and electronic distribution device with a control input that may be connected with managing a transitional device clamping device.

Further characteristics and advantages of the clamping device according to the invention set forth below in the claims. They, with reference to the accompanying drawings, will be explained in the following description on the basis of examples of execution.

Pictured:

figure 1 is a schematically simplified depiction of a perspective view of an example of execution of the inhibiting device according to the invention,

<> figure 2 - image in the context of another example of execution of the inhibiting device according to the invention,

figure 3 is a top view of the inhibiting device, in accordance with figure 2, in the first angular position of the crank,

4 is a top view of the inhibiting device, in accordance with figure 2, in the second, moved forward 90, the angular position of the crank,

5 is a top view of the inhibiting device, in accordance with figure 2, in the position of free play

6 is a schematically simplified illustration of a perspective view of the operating principle safety clutch delaying device according to the invention.

Check the device 100, in accordance with figure 1, has a holder 104, moving the reciprocating along the direction indicated by the double arrow 102. The direction of the arrow 102 this linear movement coincides with the orientation depicted filling tube 106, which is connected to a packaging machine (not illustrated) for supplying the packing product. Packed product is fed in the direction of the front door 108 filling tube 106. Unrepresented mounted on the filling tube packing membrane, sandwiched at its front end clip, under the action arising thus the pressure of filling, is removed from the filling tube 106. The holder 104 is tor the religious ring 110, it covers the filling tube 106 from all sides. Inside it has at least one elastic clamping ring, which presses the packing wrapper to filling the pipe 106 and, thus, causes the friction force when removing the packaging shell.

The holder 104 is set to perform a linear movement in one (or more) of the guides 112, parallel to the filling tube 106. The drive for the reciprocating movement of the holder 104 has, according to the invention, a crank mechanism 120, which is the drive connected to the holder 104 by means of a connecting rod 122. A crank mechanism includes a crank disk 124 with the crank finger 126 to which the hinge is attached the connecting rod 122. The crank disk 124 is connected to the drive shaft 128. This shaft also using a helical compression spring 130 is shown here schematically simplified - is driven from the drive shaft 132.

The crank disk 124 on the circle has a ledge 134, which together with the pre-progenerates latch 136 serves as a moderator of rotation. If the crank disk 124 in the present position is rotated in the direction of arrow 138, the latch 136 prevents further rotation of the crank disk 124. If the drive shaft 132 will continue to rotate as shown by arrow 140 is directed and drive it will create a tension spring 130, which as a battery working power is connected in the circuit of the transmission power of the force from the drive shaft 132 to the holder 104. Thus, the crank disk 124 through the slider 122 and the holder 104 of the brake ring with the brake ring 110 is stopped at the desired point, stop motion, while the drive shaft may continue to rotate from a drive motor.

Next, a method implemented by a delay device, in accordance with figure 1, will be demonstrated on the example of the process of production of sausages. First of all, one-side end along the axis of the clamping packaging sheath is filled through the filling tube 106 packaged product and is separated from the filling pipe of the balance against the force of friction created by the brake ring 110, covering all sides of the filling tube 106. Then the brake ring 110 together with the holder 104 of the brake ring, a driven crank mechanism 120 is returned back to the filling tube 106 towards the direction of the Department in the free position to the free feeding of the packaging sheath. While, at least partially, temporarily overlap the holder 104 with the brake ring 110 in a free position, with the moderator of rotation of the latch 136, stop, complete the military packaging sheath clamped by means not shown pinching element, and in the zone perimene packaged product when it is displaced into the open packaging volume. In the area of perimene cervical one or two nasobrahan clamping element attached to the wrapping shell and circle close it using nasobrahan interacting against each other clamping tools (punch and die). If necessary, the packing shell then divided between the two clamping elements. In the next work cycle clamping tools and the pinching elements are again discharged from each other and then opened again with a large cross-section for a new population of the next package. During this trip through the latches 136 and release protrusion 134 of the crank disk 124 increases braking rotation and as a result, the holder 104 is moved to the forward position. How this happens in detail, and how it can be synchronized with the processes of perimene and applying the clamps will be more precisely described by the example of the following drawings. Unlocking the crank disk 124 is the reason that accumulated in the spiral spring 130 compression of the working force in motion with acceleration of the drive shaft 128 with the crank disk 124 until such time as that will not coincide with the angular position of the drive shaft 132, continuing in the same time its rotation.

The exposure time (i.e. the time of release) depends, among other things, from the caliber of manufactured meats and is based on experience. It is necessary to draw attention to the fact that the brake ring 110 is not too early, but still in the clamped state, or during the opening of the pinching elements is moved to the forward position. Otherwise there is a danger that the packing shell burst, as in the free volume of the Packed product (partially) pressed sarkauskas pinching elements.

On the contrary, the exposure time, i.e. the position in which the latch or which renders the action of the crank disk, selected so that the free volume as accurately as possible corresponds to the volume of the Packed product, pereimenoume the Department and the clamping and, if necessary, fill with continuous filling, in order to achieve the highest possible accuracy servings (sausages).

Instead of the helical compression spring 130 between the drive shaft 132 and the drive shaft 128 can be located battery working power, in principle, also in any other place in the chain of transmission power of the force from the output shaft to the holder of the brake ring 104. He may receive, for example, in the area of the connecting rod 122. Decisive is the fact that in the direction of transmission of force effort then proishodit deceleration of the reciprocating movement of the holder 104. Therefore, in this example, the holder 104 must stop at a certain point, for example in the area of the guide 112.

Figure 2 shows a possible form of execution of the crank mechanism 200 according to the invention. This crank mechanism has a drive shaft 202, is made in the form of a hollow shaft. Transmission 204 bevel gears connects the drive shaft 202 with the input shaft 206, the free end of which is derived to the outside for connection with a drive motor attached to the device. Inside the hollow drive shaft 202 is the drive shaft 208. Power force from the drive shaft 202 to the drive shaft 208 is carried out primarily through the disk 210 of the clutch and attached coil spring 212 compression.

First of all, you should ignore the function of the disk 210 of the clutch and to assume that it will always be driven with the drive shaft 202. In this case, the transfer of rotational motion as in the example depicted in figure 1. The drive shaft transmits rotary motion using disk 210 of the clutch on the coil spring 212 compression, which carries the drive shaft 208 in the direction of rotation. Mainly, the coil spring 212 compression pre-stressed against the direction of the actuator so that, in the absence on Chennai the torque demand on the drive side, rotation of the drive shaft to rotation of the drive shaft 202 is carried out without delay and phase shifting.

If the drive shaft 208 in the braking stops itself or in the area of the crank, the spring 212 further strained due to the continuous further rotation of the drive shaft 202. If then the shaft 202 or, respectively, the crank is again released, the spring 212 will release the accumulated operating energy and drive shaft 208 will again follow in the direction of rotation of the drive shaft 202.

The clutch disc has several functions. On the one hand, through the spring 212 and, on the other hand, by means of two elements 214, 216 of the clutch in the form of pins and two interacting contact surfaces on the drive shaft it is connected to the latter. The stopper provides the above-mentioned initial tension of the spring 212. Thus, is determined by precise angular position between the drive shaft and the drive shaft, which drive shaft after release of the trigger back again. In particular, it will be explained in more detail with reference to Fig.6.

On the other hand, the clutch disc 210 and the drive shaft 202 by means of two clutch elements 218, 220 on the drive shaft 202 and the cooperating clutch elements in the form deepened the th is connected to the disk drive 210 of the clutch. In the normal state, the clutch plate rotates together with the drive shaft. The engagement of the elements 218, 220 of the coupling with the corresponding elements of the clutch disk 210 of the clutch at a certain relative angular position between the drive shaft and the drive shaft, however, is repealed. This happens in case of an overload, when the clutch disc along the axis against the compressive efforts, which will also be provided by the coil spring 212 compression, be pulled down, as shown on the right half of the image in the cut. In detail this mechanism will be explained with reference to Fig.6. Thus, the spring element, namely, the coil spring 212 compression will be applied, on the one hand, as the battery operating energy through her actions as torsion springs, and on the other hand, as the pusher is mainly formed by the clutch safety clutch due to its action as a compression spring.

In the upper zone of the drive shaft 208 is connected to the crank 222. The crank 222 is divided into two parts and consists of one of the crank disk 224 with directional slider and slider 226 carrying the finger 228 crank. The slider 226 and the finger 228 crank rotates together with the crank disk 224 and thereby rigidly connected to the drive shaft 208. The linear direction of the RAM is being the Noi, the finger crank in addition to rotational movement, can perform a linear movement in accordance to this angular position so that the holder and inside the brake ring could move to the free position before filling the pipe to make the filling pipe to staff its new packaging sheath. The details of this will be explained with reference to figure 5. The finger 228 crank pivotally connected to the connecting rod 230, which their remote from the finger 228 crank end hinged to a linearly moving the holder 232 of the brake ring.

Figure 3 shows a top view of the form of the inhibiting device according to the invention, in accordance with figure 2. The crank 222 is, accordingly, in the angular position in which the linear movement of the slide 226 is directed parallel to the direction of movement and the movement of the holder 232 of the brake ring, and the finger 228 of the crank and, thereby, the holder of the brake rings are located at the rear, far from the end of the supply pipe (not illustrated) position. In this position, the latch 234 has an effect on the ledge 236 in the crank 222 and prevents further rotation indicated by the arrow 238 direction. Latch by a spring 235 elastically pre-strained is automatically included in the locking position. The latch further, not presented in detail, at least on the section 240 of the circle in its angular position relative to the crank 222 is adjustable so that the angular position of the crank at the breakpoint can be changed. Thus it is possible to delay the holder 232 of the brake ring at any point within the zone of the stroke corresponding to section 240 of the circle, while pinning and clamping the packaging shell continues. The breakpoint is determined by so that the stroke is set to the value corresponding to press the volume in order to achieve the most accurate reproducibility of each individual filling process and, thus, increase the accuracy of the weight of the filled and sealed portions of packages.

4 shows a top view of the inhibiting device to a different position of the crank 222. In this position, the device is immediately after the time when the occurrence of the latch 234 in steps 236 through the Cam disk 242 associated with permanent rotating on the drive shaft 202 (not visible in figure 4), was discontinued, and the crank 222 is released for rotation (time trip). Thus, the trigger mechanism (latch 234) and the drive shaft 202 are connected through a Cam device (flat Cam 242). BL is due to the continuous rotation of the drive shaft 202 a tension spring 212 in this period of time is increased. After the liberation of the crank drive shaft 208 with the crank 222 due to accumulated operating energy of the drive shaft 202 is moved to the angular position shown in the drawing.

Accordingly presented to the angular position of the crank 222 holder brake ring 232 is halfway to a forward position close to the end of the filling pipe. The phase shift between the breakpoint and the point of attachment is determined by the relative position of the angle between the protrusion 236 and the point at which there is a flat Cam 240, when the latch is out of engagement with the protrusion 236. In the above example, the execution phase difference is approximately 90.

Figure 5 again shows the same example of execution in another angular position in which the holder of the brake ring 232 is in its front close to the end of the filling pipe position. In this image, filling the pipe is represented by the dashed line number 244. The position of figure 5 shows the operating position and the standby position, in which the slider 226 crank 222 pushed forward. Thus, the holder of the brake ring 232 in it brake ring 246 of the front, in the direction of the deviation, the position of the reciprocating movement is given further in the direction of withdrawal in the free position from filling pipe so about the time, that filling pipe 244 to equip a new portion of the product may deviate from the packing of the hose shown in the working position. For this purpose, the holder 232 is connected by means of a linear actuator 248 in the form of a pneumatic piston device. This device moves directly located in front of the brake ring 246 support ring 250, which serves as a supporting means for holding located on the filling tube stock on the packing sleeve. If this support ring by driving linear actuator directly or indirectly fixed on the holder brake ring 232, then they both move together in the present position of the freewheel. The reverse occurs when you return. First support ring 250 back up until his clip is not attached to the relevant part of the holder brake ring 232 to make it together with the support ring 250 is moved to the forward position on the filling pipe 244.

Figure 6 presents schematically simplified detailed image of a sample implementation of a safety clutch for driving the inhibiting device. There are no structural elements that play an important role for the enhancement of the connection of one drive shaft to another drive Valamo first this section of the drive shaft 302 and a pair facing each other spaced clutch elements 318, 320, which are connected to the drive shaft 202, not shown in detail on this drawing. They rotate with the drive shaft 202 in the direction indicated by the arrow 352. In addition, there is a section of the drive shaft 308 and coupled to the drive shaft 308 Cam disk 309. Not represented in detail disk 210 of the clutch and the spring element, i.e. coil spring 212 compression, which connects the drive shaft 302 - or, more precisely, the disk 210 of the clutch with the drive shaft 308. To simplify instead of the clutch shown located exclusively in pairs opposite each other elements 314, 316 of the clutch in a detailed form, which, on the one hand, correspond to the elements of the clutch 354, 356 in the form of ledges in the disk Cam 309, and, on the other hand, at the same time, with elements 318, 320 clutch connected to the drive shaft.

Not presented on Fig.6 the spring element in the set passes are marked by arrows 358, 360 linear compressive force Fdruckon the clutch disc and, accordingly, the elements 314, 316 of the clutch in the direction of the Cam disk 309 of the drive shaft 308. On the other hand, it passes are marked by arrows 362, 364 torque Ftorsionon the drive shaft 308 and, thus, the Cam disk 309, which creates pre the preliminary tension in the cover 354, 356 against the elements 314, 316 of the clutch. Therefore, the torque has an effect in the opposite direction 361, 363. If now the drive shaft 302 and, thus, elements 318, 320 clutch will be set in motion in the direction 352, they will lead in the direction of rotation of the clutch disc, i.e. elements 314, 316 of the clutch. The drive shaft 308 under the influence of torsional force Ftorsion362, 364 this rotation so that the cover 354, 356 permanently attached to the elements 314, 316 of the clutch. Now, if the rotation of the crank and, thereby, rotation of the drive shaft 308 is blocked, Cam disk 309 will remain stationary while the drive shaft and, thus, without exception, all the elements 314, 316, 318, 320 of the clutch will rotate further. While elements 314, 316 of the clutch ring clutch distinguish three-dimensional Cams 366, 368 on disk Cam 309 (essentially the Cam drum), what Cams in this image are below the plane of the Cam disk 309. Thus, elements 314, 316 clutch disposed, thus, with the clutch disc down until it reaches the angular position in which the elements 318, 320 of the clutch drive shaft 302 are no longer in engagement with the corresponding elements 314, 316 of the clutch ring clutch, and it is released for free rotation. This is again a way is there to what elements 314, 316 of the clutch disk of the clutch due to the torsional force Ftorsion361, 363 again engages with ledges 354, 356. This process can be repeated without damaging the mechanism, until the crank and thereby the drive shaft 308 again not released for rotation.

When each of the previously described process of disengagement safety clutch relative position between the drive shaft and the drive shaft are distorted due to the twofold symmetry of 180 with respect to each other. Thus would be violated synchronicity between the drive and the reciprocating movement of the holder brake ring. To avoid this, it is advisable to construct the coupling between elements 318 and 314 clutch, on the one hand, and between 316 and 320, on the other hand, so that it was only during a full 360. This can be solved, as can be seen in figure 2, with different radii of elements 218, 220 of the clutch and the corresponding recesses in the disk 210 of the clutch.

It goes without saying that the safety clutch is not limited to the depicted in Fig.6 form of execution. The safety clutch can be embedded in any other place in the transmission and take a different view, as, for example, the view of the slipper clutch. The presented form of execution, in contrast, connects predohranitelno the clutch, the preferred way to drive the working energy in the form of a helical compression spring, which is inherent in both the load torque and compressive load.

On the other hand, the refusal of these advantages and yet, in the framework of the invention departing from the form, in accordance with figure 1, instead of the coil spring 130 compression at this point it may also include any other transmitting torque screw element, such, for example, as a spiral spring.

Alternatively, demonstrated the form of exercise you can take the rod 122 with a hard binder with holder brake ring element, in which the finger of the rod 126 engages in the slot oriented perpendicular to the direction of movement, which compensates for movement perpendicular to the reciprocating movement of the brake ring 110. This design has the disadvantage of a high level of noise and rapid wear due to the large freedom of movement of the moving direction to each other, particularly finger crank 126 and the stationary coupling element provided for the holder 104.

1. Check device (100) from moving along the filling pipe (106, 244) holder (104, 232) for covering all sides of the filling pipe (106, 244) brake rings (110, 246) to assist with the crystals friction to remove during the process of filling by filling pipe (106, 244) the packaging casing in the form of a sleeve and connected to the holder (104, 232) drive for the reciprocating movement of the cradle 104, 232) parallel to the filling tube (106, 244), characterized in that the actuator has a crank mechanism (120, 200) with the crank, which the drive is connected to the holder (104, 232).

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the inhibiting device (100) has a battery operating energy and the direction of transmission of force effort is behind the trigger, in order to stop the holder (106, 244) at the breakpoint.

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the trigger mechanism is made with the ability to influence the crank or connected with the crank (222) drive shaft (128, 208, 308) to lock the crank (222) at the breakpoint.

4. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the trigger mechanism is configured to be adjusted relative to the crank (222) so that the angular position of the crank (222) in the breakpoint can be changed,

5. Device according to one of claim 2 to 4, characterized in that the battery operating energy contains the loaded torque of the spring element connecting the drive shaft (128, 208, 308) to the drive shaft(132, 202, 302).

6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the spring element is pre-voltage is n against the direction of rotation of the drive shaft (132, 202, 302).

7. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the trigger mechanism and the drive shaft (132, 202, 302) is connected through a Cam device, which is performed with the opportunity to enhance the effect of the trigger on the crank (222) or on the drive shaft(128, 208, 308).

8. The device according to claim 6, characterized in that the trigger mechanism and the drive shaft (132, 202, 302) is connected through a Cam device, which is performed with the opportunity to enhance the effect of the trigger on the crank (222) or on the drive shaft(128, 208, 308).

9. Device according to one of claims 1 to 4, 6-8, characterized in that the actuator is overload coupling.

10. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the actuator is overload coupling.

11. The device according to claim 9, wherein the protective sleeve has a connecting drive shaft (132, 202, 302) with screw the disc element (210) clutch.

12. The device according to claim 10, characterized in that the actuator is overload coupling.

13. The device according to claim 11 or 12, characterized in that the spring element is designed as helical springs (130) compression clamping disk (210) clutch axis against the drive shaft(132, 202, 302).

14. The device according to item 13, wherein the drive shaft (132, 202, 302) has an element (214) clutch, which is engaged with matched the existing element (214) clutch disc (210) clutch moreover, the engagement is terminated at a certain relative angular position between the drive shaft (132, 202, 302) and the drive shaft(128, 208, 308).

15. The device according to 14, characterized in that the disk (210) clutch and drive shaft (132, 202, 302) is connected through a Cam device, which is configured to move the disk (210) clutch relative rotation of the drive shaft (132, 202, 302) and drive shaft (128, 208) axis against the compressive force of the spring and thus to terminate the engagement element (214) clutch shaft (132, 202, 302) and disk (210) of the clutch at a certain relative angular position.

16. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the linear actuator (248)connected to the holder (104, 232), made with the ability to lead holder (104, 232) of the anterior position of the direction of release of the reciprocating motion later in the position of the free running direction of release, in which the brake ring is located in the holder (104, 232), allocated from the supply pipe, and back to bring in a forward position.

17. The device according to item 16, characterized in that the crank (222) has a linear guide on the slide which is the finger (228) of the connecting rod of the crank (222) to move between one of the front positions and the position corresponding to the position of free running to keep the body (104, 232).

18. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that provided support ring (250), located all the way up to the holder (104, 232) with the ability to withhold on the filling pipe (106, 244) stock packaging shell.

19. The device according to p, characterized in that the linear actuator (248) connected to the support ring (250).

20. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the crank (222) by means of a connecting rod (122, 230) is connected to the holder (104, 232).

21. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the inhibiting device (100) has a connecting flange with end pin, which is mounted for connection with the driving mechanism of the clamping device, and on the other side is connected to the drive shaft(132, 202, 302).

22. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the inhibiting device (100) is connected to the drive shaft (132, 202, 302) drive mechanism and electronic distribution device with a control input, which is installed with the possibility of connection with managing the transition device clamping device.



 

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SUBSTANCE: invention is aimed at using in meat industry. Method implies farce preparation by pork meat and fat disintegration in a meat mincing machine, addition of salt, black pepper, fresh crushed garlic, fresh crushed onions, fresh cooled pork blood, formation of long loafs of sausage, their thermal processing and cooling. The eggs, integral cow milk and fresh crushed garlic are added to the farce. Thermal processing is carried out by a baking in an oven of the gas or electric oven at temperature 200C during 50 mines on greased with vegetable oil baking tray.

EFFECT: invention improves structurally-mechanical and is functional-technological properties of meat raw materials, quality and biological value of ready product.

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a processing line for food production such as sausage, ham or cheese. The line is made up of at least one processing unit, at least one packager and at least one transporting device and has a self-disinfecting and/or self-cleaning surface with hydrophobic and ultraphobic properties on at least one separate part of its surface. The surface has a constantly low content of microorganisms while hydrophobic and ultraphobic properties are given to the processing unit surface by structuring it and applying water-repellent coating.

EFFECT: it enables to avoid smoothing (polishing) the processing line surfaces which drastically reduces labour input ensuring a constantly low content of microorganisms.

15 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device for formation of sleeve tip on packing shell. Device receives packed material, at the same time sleeve tip in process of its formation is almost free of packed material. Device comprises the first displacement device (110), and also the second displacement device (120), which is arranged with the possibility of reversible linear motion versus the first displacing device (110) and driving device for initiation of linear motion in the second displacement device (120). Between a driving device and the second displacement device (120) there is one unit (310) provided for transfer of driving force. Unit (310) of driving force transfer transmits driving force generated by driving device to the second displacement device (120) and is arranged with the possibility of reversible rotation around rotation area (340), position of which may be controlled.

EFFECT: technical result is aimed at easiness of manufacturing and simple adjustment of movable displacing-clamping pair lift height.

10 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: method of production of vegetarian sausage involves preparing polymer jacket and filler, filling the jacket with filler, tying it and boiling it in the steam for 25-30 minutes, and the filler contains corn starch or potato starch in amounts of 1-8 wt %, girasol mash and/or banana mash, flavour additives selected from the following: table salt, tomato paste, caraway, ground red pepper, parsley, sodium guanylate, sugar. Additionally, filler can contain mashed potatoes.

EFFECT: sausage suggested by the method is a delicious and high-calorific product enriched with fibre, vitamins and microelements suitable for vegetarian diet.

1 ex

FIELD: transport, packing.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to the method and device intended for controlled squeezing of folded unfilled tubular shell section by clips, the shell being successively filled with fed filler and fed for intermittent filling. Shell feed is controlled by a pickup to generate control signal for squeezing device and filler to be moved synchronously.

EFFECT: accurate clips positioning without deteriorating filling process.

25 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to meat industry and may be used in production of cooked sausage products in casings. Cooked sausage contains first grade trimmed beef, semifat trimmed pork, dry defatted milk, melange, soya protein isolate, food sodium alginate, water, taste additives and spices. The components are taken at the specified ratio.

EFFECT: invention provides production of high-quality cooked sausage with specified chemical content, improved structural-mechanical and treatment-and-preventive properties.

3 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to meat industry and may be used in production of sausage products. Method provides for preparation of meat raw material, meat grinding, its salting, preparation of binding agent, mixing of recipe components, maturating, chopping, preparation of mince, stuffing injection, baton knitting, frying, boiling and cooling. Binding component is prepared in form of water-phospholipid emulsion consisting of water and oil-and-fat phospholipid product. The latter is obtained by defatting food vegetable phospholipids by organic solvent, separation of defatted phospholipid fractions from neutral lipids, extraction of defatted phospholipids by ethanol at specified ratio and temperature producing alcohol-soluble and alcohol-insoluble phospholipid fractions. Separation of alcohol-soluble phospholipid fraction from alcohol-insoluble phospholipid fraction and further vacuum removal of ethanol from alcohol-soluble fraction to produce phospholipid product follow. Oil-and-fat phospholipid product makes 1.0-3.0% to mince mass.

EFFECT: invention provides for increased end product outcome with improved organoleptic properties and increased storage life.

3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: packing.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns device and method of forming and end (Z) of packing material (WH) of tube, stuffing, particularly with sausage meat, with the end (Z) at least partially not stuffed at least during formation stage. Device includes tube material (WH) feed line (V) spread at least approximately in line, with end (Z) formed along the edge of the material, unit holding empty tube material (WH) reserve, and first end-forming unit (20) which can work on the tube material (WH) in the line (V) direction to form first end length by tube material (WH) retraction from reserve. Also the device includes second end-forming unit (30) which can form second end length by additional tube material (WH) retraction from reserve.

EFFECT: obtainment of longer end of stuffed tube.

35 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: packing.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns device and method of forming and end (Z) of packing material (WH) of tube, stuffing, particularly with sausage meat, with the end (Z) at least partially not stuffed at least during formation stage. Device includes tube material (WH) feed line (V) spread at least approximately in line, with end (Z) formed along the edge of the material, unit holding empty tube material (WH) reserve, and first end-forming unit (20) which can work on the tube material (WH) in the line (V) direction to form first end length by tube material (WH) retraction from reserve. Also the device includes second end-forming unit (30) which can form second end length by additional tube material (WH) retraction from reserve.

EFFECT: obtainment of longer end of stuffed tube.

35 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: packing.

SUBSTANCE: horn suspension unit (3) for sausage tube stuffing includes horn pipe (4) and stuffer pipe (5), so that horn pipe (4) can rotate against stuffer pipe (5) around first rotation axis. Horn pipe (4) is mounted on case (8) and can rotate against the case around the first rotation axis. The case (8) can also rotate together with horn pipe (4) against stuffer pipe (5) around second rotation axis to take cleaning position where horn pipe (4) is fixated by the case.

EFFECT: fast and safe cleaning of horn pipe (4).

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, methods for producing of meat food from whole stag carcass.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing three-staged thermal processing of meat in cooking apparatuses under excessive pressure, first stage including acting upon fresh-killed meat by impact pressure of (5-7)*105 Pa for 3-5 hours, second stage including relieving pressure and heating meat to temperature of 90°C, and third stage including increasing pressure to (5-7)*105 Pa and cooking at temperature of 130-150°C for 3-4 hours. Before charging of cooking apparatus with meat, whole carcass is cut transverse to muscle length into 6-8 cm long pieces. At second stage, salt, fat and water are added.

EFFECT: elimination of losses of valuable raw material, reduced processing time beginning from slaughtering to realization time, and improved quality of product.

2 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: packing.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for separation of portion packs of product which is packed in elastic hose by contracting and mounting at least one closing member on hose cut owing to axial forcing out of product. Proposed device contains two pairs of overlapping forcing out screens mounted for movement towards each other symmetrically to axis of hose,. And closing device consisting of two members installed for interaction and movement towards each other. Some forcing out screens of each pair and one member of closing device are higher-connected with neck of first crank, and other forcing out screens of each pair and other member of closing device are hinge-connected with neck of second crank, radii of cranks being equal and their axes of rotation lying in at equal distance from hose axis parallel in one common plane. During operation cycle, cranks rotate around their axes synchronously in one direction from remote open position from hose axis to near closed position of forcing out screens and members of closing device to axis of hose, and then again to open positions remote from hose axis. Two sets of forcing out screens and closing device are installed on cranks preferably close to each other so that two clamps for hose cut can be installed simultaneously at a distance from each for cutting off hose by knife arranged in middle plane os symmetry.

EFFECT: provision of high capacity of portioning at smooth operation of device.

16 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: meat industry, in particular, sausage production.

SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing farce; introducing food additive such as protein emulsion; forming; providing thermal processing and cooling ready product. Protein emulsion is produced from trimmed beef meat preliminarily frozen to temperature of from -7°C to -8°C by initially chopping thereof by means of chopper; grinding trimmed meat in cutter while constantly mixing to temperature of 7°C and simultaneously adding 4 wt% of edible salt, 0.6 wt% of phosphates and 45-50 wt% of ice to mass of raw meat material; grinding mixture in cutter while constantly mixing to temperature of 12-13°C and adding 45-50 wt% of ice to raw meat material; cooling ready emulsion to temperature of 1-2°C before introducing it into farce. Emulsion is used in an amount of 30-35% by weight of farce.

EFFECT: improved consistency and structure of farce, increased percentage of raw meat material in farce, and reduced manufacture costs of ready product.

FIELD: food processing industry, in particular sausage production.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes meat raw material milling, addition of sodium nitrite and table salt in predetermined amounts and ratio; conditioning at predetermined temperature and relative humidity; production of mince containing meat raw material, eggs, milk products and flavorings. Process is carried out in two steps by using a chopping. In the first step non-fatty meat raw material is treated for 5-7 min at 3-5°C. In the second one semi-fatty meat raw material is added and obtained mixture is treated at 12-18°C to produce homogenous mince. During process mince is mixed with fluid, wherein not less than 1/2 of total fluid is added in the first step. Further linked sausage is formed, and subjected to heat treatment and cooling to produce product with desired mass content of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Non-fatty meat raw material includes first class trimmed beef, and non-fatty trimmed pork meat in predetermined ratio. Semi-fatty meat raw material includes semi-fatty trimmed pork meat. Non-fatty and semi-fatty meat raw materials are used in predetermined ratio.

EFFECT: product with stable functional characteristics and balanced protein, fatty and amino acid composition.

19 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: food processing industry, in particular sausage production.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes meat raw material milling, addition of sodium nitrite and table salt in predetermined amounts and ratio; conditioning at predetermined temperature and relative humidity; production of mince containing meat raw material, eggs, milk products and flavorings. Process is carried out in two steps by using a chopping. In the first step non-fatty meat raw material is treated for 5-7 min at 3-5°C. In the second one semi-fatty meat raw material is added and obtained mixture is treated at 12-18°C to produce homogenous mince. During process mince is mixed with fluid in amount of 15-25 % based on total raw material mass, wherein not less than 1/2 of total fluid is added in the first step. Further linked sausage is formed, heated up to 70-72°C in center of formed sausage and cooled to 5-8°C in center of formed sausage to produce product with desired mass content of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Non-fatty meat raw material includes first class yak or buffalo meat, first class trimmed beef, and non-fatty trimmed pork meat in predetermined ratio. Semi-fatty meat raw material includes semi-fatty trimmed pork meat. Non-fatty and semi-fatty meat raw materials are used in predetermined ratio.

EFFECT: product with stable functional characteristics and balanced protein, fatty and amino acid composition.

19 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: food processing industry, in particular sausage production.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes meat raw material milling, addition of table salt in predetermined amounts and ratio; conditioning at predetermined temperature and relative humidity; production of mince containing meat raw material, eggs, milk products and flavorings. Process is carried out in two steps by using a chopping. In the first step sodium nitrite is added and non-fatty meat raw material is treated for 5-7 min at 3-5°C. In the second one semi-fatty meat raw material is added and obtained mixture is treated at 12-18°C to produce homogenous mince. During process mince is mixed with fluid, wherein not less than 1/2 of total fluid is added in the first step. Further linked sausage is formed, and subjected to heat treatment and cooling to determined temperature to produce product with desired mass content of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Non-fatty meat raw material includes first class trimmed beef, and non-fatty trimmed pork meat in predetermined ratio. Semi-fatty meat raw material includes semi-fatty trimmed pork meat. Non-fatty and semi-fatty meat raw materials are used in predetermined ratio. End product is obtained with yield of 108-112 % based on non-salted raw material mass.

EFFECT: product with stable functional characteristics and balanced protein, fatty and amino acid composition.

FIELD: food processing industry, in particular sausage production.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes meat raw material milling, addition of table salt in predetermined amounts and ratio; conditioning at predetermined temperature and relative humidity; production of mince containing meat raw material, eggs, milk products and flavorings. Process is carried out in two steps by using a chopping. In the first step sodium nitrite in predetermined amount is added and non-fatty meat raw material is treated for 5-7 min at 3-5°C. In the second one semi-fatty meat raw material is added and obtained mixture is treated at 12-18°C to produce homogenous mince. During process mince is mixed with fluid, wherein not less than 1/2 of total fluid is added in the first step. Further linked sausage is formed, and subjected to heat treatment and cooling to produce product with desired mass content of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Non-fatty meat raw material includes first class yak or buffalo meat, first class trimmed beef, and non-fatty trimmed pork meat in predetermined ratio. Semi-fatty meat raw material includes semi-fatty trimmed pork meat with fat content of 30-50 %. Non-fatty and semi-fatty meat raw materials are used in predetermined ratio. End product is obtained with yield of 108-112 % based on non-salted raw material mass.

EFFECT: product with stable functional characteristics and balanced protein, fatty and amino acid composition.

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