Device for decomposing water into oxygen and hydrogen

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to use of solar energy to decompose water into oxygen and hydrogen. The device for decomposing water into oxygen and hydrogen has a case 1 with an electrolytic medium 9, in which there are two metal plates 7, one of which is coated with titanium dioxide. The device also has a meniscus optical antenna 3 with a reflector, a light guide and a converging lens 2.

EFFECT: more efficient process of decomposing water into oxygen and hydrogen.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of application of solar energy for the decomposition of water into oxygen and hydrogen. A device for the decomposition of water, comprising a housing with an electrolytic environment, in which are placed two metal plates, one of which is coated with titanium dioxide, see the journal "Science and life" 1984, No. 12, p.41-45. The lack of object is that the lighting environment occurs without the use of svetlananna and a collecting lens. Described in the journal of the device (see above) is taken as a prototype, which could not be applied due to the fact that the description is not disclosed to the completeness of the action and its implementation. The proposed device, comprising a housing with an electrolytic environment, in which are placed two metal plates, one of which is coated with titanium dioxide and optionally contains situatino with collecting lens. The proposed device allows you to increase your efficiency.

The drawing shows the cross section of the side view on the device.

The inventive device includes a housing 1, two metal plates 7, one of which is coated with titanium dioxide, immersed in the electrolyte 9.

The device operates as follows.

Sunlight in swatantra 3 going through the reflector, gets on the collecting lens 2 on the optical fiber, where increases depending on power is inzy.

Sunlight falls through situatino 3, and a collecting lens 2, light located at the bottom of the housing system (7, 9), where the decomposition of water into oxygen and hydrogen (see the journal "Science and life" 1984, No. 12, p.41-45).

The water in the casing is served droplets through the pipe 10, the hydrogen discharged through the pipe 11, the oxygen through the pipe 12.

Through the wire 8 may be made, or when an electric current depending on the application to maintain stable operation of this apparatus, materials: ceramic, plastic, metalloplastic, any dielectric, like pipes, components and water supply.

The use of the claimed device significantly improves the efficiency of water decomposition using the above using svetlananna collecting lenses and lenses with the imager. Possible the second option, the electrolyte is replaced with water without the use of two plates, illuminated and perform the following steps.

Have a collecting lens and lens with the camera horizontal row and illuminated this series svetvincenat special design (it's the one that covers this range). Light passing through the antenna, and these lenses, hits the button at the bottom of a thin-walled metal pipe. The water vapor passing through the pipe, forming hydrogen. So did, for example, Lavoisier, passing water vapor through RAS is lenny on the brazier gun barrel, received hydrogen. It is also possible to produce hydrogen, passing it through the iron shavings filling a quartz tube water in the form of steam. You can get hydrogen in the so-called reaction conversion by electrolysis "distilled water in which to improve the conductivity added a little acid, is decomposed by passing direct current".

Description materials will significantly improve the efficiency of the claimed device in the case of the use of svetlananna collecting lenses and lenses with the imager.

Device for the decomposition of water into oxygen and hydrogen, comprising a housing with an electrolytic environment, in which are placed two metal plates, one of which is coated with titanium dioxide, characterized in that it further comprises the meniscus situatino with a reflector, a light guide, and a collecting lens.



 

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