SUBSTANCE: microgenerator is designed for application as low-capacity source of current in autonomous charging devices, for instance in cell and satellite phones, low-capacity radio-receiving and radio-transmitting devices, lanterns, etc. Microgenerator comprises bent channel from non-magnetic material with coils of electric wire around it, side deflectors and magnetic ball inside channel; ball is arranged from several permanent magnets in the form of truncated pyramids or cones combined by dissimilar poles with a common magnetic conductor located in the centre of ball. In process of walking or transportation, electric current is generated as a result of oscillations.
EFFECT: increased efficiency factor and simplification of design.
2 cl, 4 dwg
The invention relates to low-power current sources used to power a low power radio equipment and battery charging mobile equipment, power a low power light sources. The device can serve as an emergency power source in field conditions, in places where man-made disasters, military parts, etc.
Known devices for this purpose, using the sun's energy, mechanical damage during the oscillation device and other drive devices.
The prototype of an invention - patent RU 2234638 (application No. 2001124880), published 20.08.2004. The prototype includes the body, nonmagnetic channel with coils on its surface and a magnetic bead that is placed in the channel. When you swing the device in the plane passing along the axis of the channel, the ball rolls and coils induced current, which is collected by the electronic circuit, and can be used if necessary.
The disadvantages of the prototype are
- depolarise ball, which causes the uncertainty of the magnetic flux when rolling the ball along the channel and, as a consequence, reducing the efficiency of the device.
- straightness of the channel requires its horizontal location otherwise, even with a slight tilt, the ball rolled into the end of the tube.
The invention solves the technical problem of obtaining a uniform signal is and moving the magnetic bead along the canal with coils, with simultaneous reduction of the requirements for the horizontal position of the channel.
The problem is solved in that the microgenerator includes the channel of a nonmagnetic material with coils of electric wire around it, end baffles and a magnetic ball inside the channel, and the magnetic ball includes a number of permanent magnets, having the form of truncated pyramids or cones (e.g., six), the joint opposite poles of a common magnetic core in the center of the ball, and the non-magnetic pipe has a bend the ends up.
The invention is illustrated in figures 1 to 4, where figure 1 shows the design of a microgenerator, figure 2 - schematic of the magnetic bead. Figure 3 and figure 4 show examples of embedding micro-generation in stand-alone power source where 1 - body, 2 - microgenerator, 3 - e-block, 4 - output adapter (figure 3) and cell phone (figure 4).
The microgenerator contains the channel in the form of curved ends up nonmagnetic tube 1, capped at both ends of the elastic support 2. The tube is placed coils (coil) electric wire 3.
Inside the tube is a ball 4 of non-magnetic matrix with multiple magnets 5, which are made in the form of (e.g. six) of truncated cones or pyramids, the narrow ends of which are connected by the magnetic circuit 6. Eriksberg covered with non-magnetic shell 7.
Powered microgenerator as follows. When the rocking device is rolling the ball along the channel, in which the magnetic lines of force from the total magnetic field of all the pyramids cross the winding coils and Indochinese current which is taken from output terminals received in the scheme and charge of the booster battery. The scheme of processing of the captured voltage is normal and is not the subject of this application.
This microgenerator can be embedded in any low-voltage device (such as a cellular or satellite telephone, a charging device, not connected to the electrical grid, low-power transmitter), which during operation are subject to natural fluctuations, such as: walking, running, riding in vehicles, swimming, etc.
The presence polymannose ball and bending channel provides greater sensitivity of the device to its fluctuations, and therefore higher efficiency.
Thus, the expected of the invention, the technical result is confirmed.
1. Microgenerator, which includes the channel of a nonmagnetic material with coils of electric wire around it, end baffles and a magnetic ball inside the channel, characterized in that the magnetic ball includes a number of permanent magnets, having the form of truncated pyramids or cones (e.g., six), edinennyh opposite poles of a common magnetic core, located in the center of the ball.
2. The microgenerator according to claim 1, wherein the non-magnetic pipe has a bend the ends up.
SUBSTANCE: generator may be used in devices for conversion of explosive substance (ES) energy into electromagnetic energy. Generator comprises helical coil with internal core comprising ES charge with system of its initiation and arranged of two parts connected by current-conducting coupling. Generator is equipped with additional facility to excite detonation of ES charge in part of internal conductor on the side of load, arranged in the form of explosive lens shaper of flat impact wave installed inside coupling, and facilities for its initiation surrounded by inertial material with lower density and speed of sound compared to coupling material; mentioned facility for initiation may be arranged in the form of detonation channel equipped with ES, one end of which comes out to ES charge in internal core, and the other one is connected to lens shaper. Radial dimensions of internal core on the side of load and end section of coil surrounding this part of conductor are increased compared to their radial dimensions at the rest part of generator.
EFFECT: invention provides for reduction of generator dimensions and increase of efficiency.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises hydrodynamic cavitation apparatus built around AC three-phase motor stator. Said apparatus represents a cylinder with feed and generator windings mounted therein. Magnetic suspension, for example water used in magnetic flaw detection is used as operating medium. Note here that stator magnetic core ledges and possibility of inertia-less field reversing make an extra source of cavitation. Heat is removed through coil. Electric power is tapped off via winding taps. Magnetic core and windings are protected by impregnation with lacquer.
EFFECT: expanded adjustment range and higher efficiency.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to electric engineering, to devices, which transform external electromagnetic radiations in order to produce electric energy. Inductive-capacitance energy element comprises oscillating circuit, which includes inductive coil and capacitor. Oscillating circuit is closed to rectifying cascade, and is placed into central layer of heterogeneous substance. Along external surface of central layer there is oppositely arranged number of other layers of heterogeneous substances, which differ from central layer and from each other. All layers of heterogeneous substances are permeable for electromagnetic radiation. Between central layer of heterogeneous substance and other layers of heterogeneous substances there are polarizing layers arranged, besides in polarising layers, placed between central layer of heterogeneous substance and layers of heterogeneous substances, pairwise and opposite relative to central layer of heterogeneous substance, planes of polarisation coincide. Thickness of central and other layers of heterogeneous substances is equal or more than doubled length of electromagnetic radiation wave with plasma resonance of metal particles contained in it.
EFFECT: expansion of functional resources with reduction of dimensions and weight, in particular provision of possibility of operation at aircrafts.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: to cylindrical dielectric put through cylindrical electrode and electrical insulation on the shaft and having magnetic properties, there applied is constant magnetic and pulsating electric fields, the power lines of which in interaction zone are crossed so that occurring Ampere force is directed to one side tangentially relative to each cross section of dielectric, thus creating torque moment. As source of constant magnetic field there used is short-circuited high-temperature superconducting solenoid charged with constant electric current, and for creating pulsating electric field - two cylindrical electrically conducting electrodes axially enveloping dielectric and fed from pulsating voltage generator.
EFFECT: decreasing weight, overall dimensions and losses of energy for keeping torque moment.
SUBSTANCE: electric generator with hand-operated gear is referred to portable power sources and designed to be used in everyday life or in camping conditions. Electric generator contains rotor and stator connected to generator housing. Two ends of flexible hose or several ends of hoses tired up through a handle are fixed in the front part of generator at the end of its shaft. Practically, they are arranged symmetrically to the shaft axis. Power is generated by hoses pulling in rotor axis direction and their waving and tensioning supported by rotor untwisting. There are skips in rotor untwisting where neutral position is skipped and hose(s) ends are twisted in the reverse direction. The process is then repeated.
EFFECT: decreasing generator gear dimensions, its ergonomics, simplicity, security and serviceability under different conditions.
6 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: electric generator with hand-held drive is intended for using as small-size stand-alone source of power energy. Generator includes stator and rotor connected with the housing. The said rotor and stator are coupled by means of one or more springs or elastic elements to spin rotor and allow angular rotor oscillations. The rotor oscillation is significant when rotor makes resonance swinging generated by generator housing. Rotor may be coupled with stator or housing by means of two spiral flexure springs. Thee inner end of each spring is connected with shaft, while the outer end is coupled with stator or housing.
EFFECT: invention ensures small sizes of generator gear, simplified design and improved reliability.
8 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: generator consists of stationary circuit based on the coil the outputs of which are connected to load, and its loops are crossed with power magnetic lines of magnetic system. Magnetic system is stationary relative to circuit on the basis of coil and is structurally realised with mercury magnetic core, exciter based on exciting laser and with load for absorption of power pulse wave excited with laser. Exciting laser and load for absorption of power pulse wave are connected to input and output of mercury magnetic core accordingly. Exciting laser and load for absorption of power pulse wave are structurally taken outside the circuit. Exciting laser is controlled with clock generator through start-up scheme.
EFFECT: developing current generator free from constant mechanical drive.
SUBSTANCE: generator consists of stationary circuit based on the coil the outputs of which are connected to load, and its loops are crossed with power magnetic lines of magnetic system. Magnetic system is stationary relative to circuit on the basis of coil and is structurally realised with exciter based on exciting laser and with circular mercury magnetic core located inside the circuit coil loops. Laser is connected to special input of magnetic core and is taken outside the circuit. Laser is controlled with pulse generator through the laser start-up scheme, and the whole design, except control elements of laser and load of current generator, is placed in cryogenic bath with liquid nitrogen.
EFFECT: developing current generator free from constant mechanical drive.
SUBSTANCE: method of creating induced electromotive force is based on the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction and consists in the fact that as magnetic system which is stationary relative to the circuit, there used is mercury magnetic core made in the form of Archimedean spiral with exciter on the basis of exciting laser. Spiral mercury magnetic core encloses outer diametre of the circuit coil loops, and exciting laser is taken outside the circuit. As a result, owing to light pulse energy absorption in spiral mercury magnetic core, there created is energy pulse wave the directed movement of which excites equivalent directed pulse magnetic wave which, when crossing coil loops, leads to induced electromotive force formed at its outputs.
EFFECT: constant mechanical drive is not required for magnetic system.
SUBSTANCE: method of creating induced electromotive force is based on the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction and consists in the fact that as magnetic system which is stationary relative to the circuit, there used is linear mercury magnetic core with exciter on the basis of exciting laser. Linear mercury magnetic core is located inside loops of circuit coil, and exciting laser is taken outside the circuit. As a result, owing to light pulse energy absorption in linear mercury magnetic core, there created is energy pulse wave the directed movement of which excites equivalent directed pulse magnetic wave which, when crossing coil loops, leads to induced electromotive force formed at its outputs.
EFFECT: as per invention, constant mechanical drive is not required for magnetic system.
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of electrical engineering and may be used in rocket-space equipment, branches of power engineering and in everyday life. Invention contains battery of electrically interconnected magnetoelectric microgenerators (MM), every of which includes casing from dielectric material, one or more elements of gas medium drainage from casing, movable magnetic conductor, which is installed in casing with clearance and possibility of displacement along casing axis and consists of two opposite similar poles of permanent magnetic elements (PME), connected with traction rod from nonmagnetic material along one axis, two magnetic supports installed in the opposite ends of casing and two electroconductive circuits closed to rectifiers, which interact with (PME) of movable magnetic core and installed above the casing. Battery (MM) is installed in leak-tight container with deep vacuum, made of dielectric magnetic-penetrable material, at that common plus busbar (PSh) and common minus busbar (MSh) of battery (MM) are connected to facilities of electric switching with external loads, which include one or more pairs of air-tight contacts, at that one or more contacts are connected to the common (PSh) of battery (MM) and one or more contacts are connected to the common (MSh) of battery (MM).
EFFECT: increase of electric current generation by source during operation in medium that contains gases, liquid vapors and dust particles.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps, electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises a dielectric device with its ends accommodating the final permanent magnet elements furnished with through holes. A movable magnetic circuit made up of two permanent magnetic elements jointed by a non-magnetic con-rod is arranged inside the housing. The housing wall has through holes, the housing outer side accommodates two magnetic guides made up of three or more permanent magnetic elements attached to the non-magnetic pads and two conducting circuits closed to rectifiers. The aforesaid movable magnetic circuit is held in the levitation state relative to the dielectric housing and the conducting circuits. The movable magnetic circuit axis is oriented towards the external disturbances of the magnetic field, while the movable magnetic circuit eigenfrequency of oscillations initiated by such disturbances matches that of a harmonic from the external magnetic field disturbances spectrum.
EFFECT: higher electric power output, simpler and more accurate tuning.
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering and proposes the electric generator to be operated in anoxic medium or in medium deficiency. A two-way cylinder with one piston makes the drive, two con-rods being connected to both ends of the aforesaid piston. Note that every con-rod is connected to the armature fitted inside an appropriate winding, each arranged inside its magnetic core to move along its axis. Note also that the axes of con-rods and armatures make one straight line. The aforesaid cylinder communicates with an armored explosion chamber. The working medium is represented by that formed in explosion of the conducting metal, the armature representing alternating magnetic and non-magnetic elements and running in the bearings. The armature windings are connected to the pivoted con-rods.
EFFECT: generator operating on power sources other than organic fuels requiring no oxidisers.
5 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: drilling electric generator contains a stator, point of attachment, a rotor with one or several groups of permanent magnets, kinematically connected with the drive for the moving of the magnets, and the excitation windings corresponding to them. The drive for the moving of magnets is capable of reciprocative transportation and contains a power element from material with memory of the form. The power element can be executed in the form of bellows, from a material with memory of the form, established in an airtight cavity inside the stator to which are supplied wires from the excitation winding through the switchboard, to which is in turn connected the power supply and the accumulator of electric power. On the front part of the stator there is a ribbing. In a back part of the electric generator there is an electric socket connected by electricity cables with windings of excitation. Inside the point of attachment there are openings. The point of attachment is on the front part of the stator, or in the middle part of the stator, or at the back part of the stator.
EFFECT: increase in the power and resource with the reduction of its diametrical dimensions.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric engineering and may be used in power generators of borehole hardware. Borehole electric generator includes fastening unit, rotor with hydro turbine impeller and, at least, one group of permanent magnet which has cinematic link with hydro turbine and associated induction windings. Cinematic link with permanent magnet groups is arranged through conversion mechanism of rotary motion to reciprocal motion, which can be arranged as driven disk installed on rotor, driving disk installed on axis and spring abutting on axis end. Holes are provided inside fastening unit. Fastening unit is located in front, middle or rear part of stator.
EFFECT: increase of electric generator power and lifetime while reducing diameter sizes.
6 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: conversion of wind or water flow kinetic energy into electricity.
SUBSTANCE: proposed propeller that can be used as component part of small power installations, toys, entertainment means, educational rigs for schools and collages has shaft-mounted bushing with vanes and is provided with electrical energy generation facility in the form of sealed hollow housing with end and side walls accommodating fixed inductive ring and movable permanent-magnet component. Electrical energy generating facility can be disposed on bushing at vane opposing end, between opposite vanes, between bushing and vane, or within vane.
EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities.
5 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed current supply has housing accommodating current-generating section incorporating solenoid and movable magnet, electronic facilities with electric charge storage, electric drive circuits, and means for load connection/disconnection; external size of solenoid exceeds its internal size by 1.5 to 2.5 times. Movable magnet is mounted between end limiting members for shuttle movement over duct within solenoid when housing is acted upon. At least part of electronic facilities, including electric charge storage, are disposed in unit separated from housing together with load connection/disconnection means. Mentioned separate unit has easily separable means for attaching unit to housing and flexible cable connection between them. Reel assembly is disposed on housing periphery for cable winding and unwinding.
EFFECT: improved performance characteristics, enhanced efficiency, enlarged functional capabilities.
15 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering, electromagnetic generators serving as self-contained supply sources of microelectronic circuits of independent objects.
SUBSTANCE: the generator has a cylindrical body made of a ferromagnetic material, sealed on both sides with stoppers made of a nonmagnetic materials, a thin-walled ferromagnetic anisotropic frame with windings located an it is inserted in the body, the windings are mesh series-connected and fixed by nonmagnetic rings. The magnetic system consists of a permanent magnet and pole pieces made of a ferromagnetic material. Bpτ=0.5÷0.6, where bp - the width of the pole piece, τ - the width of the winding.
EFFECT: enhanced strength of the construction, reduced mass and overall dimensions.
FIELD: electrical and radio engineering.
SUBSTANCE: the electric generator has a body, electromagnetic system installed in it, the system has one or several circular inductance coils positioned in a row, they have a cylindrical generating magnet installed for reciprocating motion inside the duct coaxial with the coil, between the restricting components on its ends outgoing beyond the coil. The relative dimensions of the mentioned components are in the following range: the coil outside diameter exceeds the inside one by (1.5 to 2.5) times, the coil length makes up (0.75 to 1.25) of the magnet length, the magnet length makes up (0.75 to 1.25) of the magnet diameter, the distance between the restricting component and the coil makes up (0.75 to 1.25) of the magnet length.
EFFECT: expanded field of application due to enhanced power efficiency as a current source and reduced overall dimensions and mass.
11 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering, possible use in dynamic magnetic systems for producing electric energy.
SUBSTANCE: in accordance to invention dynamic system of magnets is proposed, wherein several magnets are used, poles of the same name of which face each other for individual movement relatively to bearing structure. Magnets have critical shifting angle from horizontal static position less than 1 degree. At least some magnets have mutually different properties. When different magnetic inductions are present, larger movement occurs for both magnets in response to movements of bearing structure for certain ranges of relations of magnetic inductions, that would happen in case with similar magnets. Movement of magnets may be transformed to electric signal for feeding energy to active system. For setting static friction coefficient between magnets and bearing structure less than 0,02, supports based on magnetic liquid providing ultra low friction may be used, resulting in production of useful energy just from small movements of bearing structure.
EFFECT: increased production of electric energy due to improved connection between bearing structure and magnets.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: electrical energy generation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed magnetoelectric current generator has frame accommodating toroidal stator. The latter is made of flat permanent magnets with their north poles downward and winding coils in-between for taking off electromotive force. Rotor disposed within stator is made in the form of electromagnet, its power buses are installed on inner surface of stator. Stator buses are made in the form of hemispherical annular troughs equally spaced apart; their mating hemispherical seats are made on end sections of rotor core and accommodate spring-loaded balls affording contact with troughs and reduction of frictional force between stator and rotor. Stator annular troughs, balls, and their seats are made of conducting metal-ceramic materials.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and improved performance characteristics.
1 cl, 6 dwg