Integrated heat tube, its heat exchange mode and method

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: integrated heat tube includes housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having heat transfer medium and a group of heat conductors connected to the closed chamber. Each group contacts the closed chamber and heat transfer medium. Radiating surface of heat tube can be considerably enlarged owing to changes in construction of heat conductors. Method for ensuring large heat dissipation surface for integrated heat tube involves steps at which there made is corrugated thin-wall channel or heat-absorbing construction or any of their combinations. There made is curved surface for corrugated thin-wall channel for fluid medium, or curved surface for thin-wall channel for fluid medium in the form of a closed tube, or curved or bent surface for heat-absorbing construction or any of their combinations. There made is a group of thin-wall channels for fluid medium inside the closed chamber. Method of developing the construction of heat-absorbing end of integrated heat tube, which involves the steps at which the heat-absorbing end shall be smooth and flat or smooth and protruding or smooth and deep, there provided are cavities passing through opposite sides or through one and the same side of the housing. There made is heat-absorbing end of heat tube in the form of closed corrugated thin-wall curved surface; at that, there made are groups of finned curved surfaces, there made is metal plate having cavity, channel for molten substance, and air discharge channel. Method of heat exchange in integrated heat tube, which involves the steps at which there provided is heat absorption owing to contact with heat source on the surface of heat-absorbing end of heat tube housing; at that, heat is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber through surface of heat-absorbing housing end. Method of heat exchange in rotary integrated heat tube using liquid medium involves the steps at which there used is round cross-section of heat tube housing as heat-absorbing end for heat absorption owing to contact with heat source during high-speed rotation when heat tube rotates at high speed.

EFFECT: large cooling area, high heat transfer speed, low heat resistance.

63 cl, 23 dwg

 

The technical field

The present invention relates to heat exchange technology and method, particularly to an integrated heat pipe and the heat-exchange method.

The level of technology

The development of the BIS, universal computing machines, electrical engineering and electronics imposes higher requirements on the heat sink of the electronic elements and components. For example, the degree of integration of crystals CPUs of computers has increased nearly 20,000-fold in just 30 years, the consumption increased to tens of watts with the initial a few watts, resulting in some cases the heat flow has reached 100 W/KVM Reliability and service life of the computer closely correlated with its operating temperature and the desired maximum (internal) crystal temperature ≤130°C and a desired surface temperature ≤80°C. But its reliability will be increased only 3.8% increase in the crystal temperature by 1°C, and its service life will increase by 50% by reducing the temperature of the crystal by 10%. High performance and high degree of integration imposes very high demands on the uniformity of the temperature of the chip. Therefore, the heat dissipation has become an important issue that must be addressed during the research and development of electronic products, and it is directly related the and characteristics, reliability and cost of electronic products.

Originally there were several technologies heat dissipation for integrated circuits, such as a heat fan, the heat sink plate, pre-made heat sink holes, dialers, convection heat sink, the heat sink through water cooling, etc. Although the cost of these methods was low, they provide the effect of the heat sink was not so high, their reliability was low, and therefore they could not meet the requirements of the design of the computer.

The laboratory at The State Laboratory of Sandia, USA, was the first to apply the technology of heat pipes for heat sink of computer chips with a pretty good effect of heat dissipation.

The heat pipe technology is a highly efficient heat transfer and very effective technology of heat transfer whereby heat is transferred through the process of phase transition, i.e. a small amount of liquid medium is placed in a closed vacuum chamber tube, and a liquid medium is used to absorb heat, evaporates, condenses and removes heat. The heat exchanger based on the heat pipe is designed so that the heat absorbing end and a heat end of several elements of thermal tube are separated from each other by a partition, tepapa amausi the end and heat the end surrounded by products with the formation of two shaped cavities, heat-absorbing and heat, with hot fluid medium passing through the cooling chamber, and the cold fluid medium passing through the cooling chamber, thus the heat is transferred to the cold fluid to the environment by heat tube and through the phase transition medium heat pipe. Structural characteristics of the heat pipe such that the inner chamber flexible tube has a vacuum and filled with a small amount of a liquid medium, and the inner chamber of the channel is large enough to absorb the liquid element was provided by the return fluid. As the heat exchanger may be used a single heat pipe, but more heat pipes consist of several elements of the heat pipes used simultaneously.

But today's technology heat transfer for heat dissipation of the flat heat sources such as computer chips and other electrical and electronic parts and components, is the technology of heat pipes, which are made pins. I.e. is the groove in the metal plate large thermal conductivity, in the groove is mounted a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe, heat sink end set in a ventilated location, and a metal plate is placed horizontally on the heating e is emence. To ensure full contact to the plane of the heat source with a metal plate and to provide her with an electric insulation heat-conducting insulating plate cover heat-conductive silicone material, is placed between them. Heat is transferred by heat-conductive silicone material, heat-conducting insulating the plate from the source of heat in the metal plate, then heat pipe, where the phase transition heat is transferred from the heat-absorbing end to the condensing end, and the heat absorbed in the condensation end, is transmitted by body heat pipe to another layer of silicon material and then in an aluminum heat sink with fins. The heat accumulated in the heat sink with fins, blowin forced cold wind, ultimately, to reduce the temperature of the heat source. This method of embedding does not provide a good effect of heat, as the contact thermal resistance element connected with the interfacial boundary, the heat transfer process is so great that the heat pipe can not play the role of a highly efficient heat transfer and provide this heat sink will be unsatisfactory. In addition, due to the welding heat-absorbing end of the one or more heat pipes with a metal layer is Noah and due to the installation of several groups of ribs for securing the heat sink to the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe thermal contact resistance interphase can be reduced and the environment heat pipe cannot to have full contact with the heat source and may not give a very good effect of heat transfer.

Casting to melt immediately hardened in a mold and cooled form as soon as possible, to improve the performance of the mold sometimes heat-absorbing insert the ends of many of the heat pipes in the main body solid form, to take advantage of the inherent characteristics of the axial heat conventional heat pipe in the casting by means of a solid forms and molding under pressure, and introducing the cooling end of the heat pipe in a water-cooled tube to equalize the temperature gradient in the solid form by means of heat pipes and significantly improve the heat transfer coefficient of the mold without increasing water consumption. The advantage of this method is that the application of heat pipe technology in the foundry business provides the latest methods of continuous casting and rolling, such as a circular Bicycle and circular casting and continuous crystallization, for which the necessary heat transfer. Up to the present time, in addition to the conventional heat pipe, any new method of heat transfer is not found. However, due to thermal resistance at the boundary between the molded form and the wall of the heat pipe and structural ogran the values of initial design can not meet the increasingly growing requirements to the cooling rate of the alloy, including rapid solidification of the alloy in the form, not to mention certain special and higher requirements.

The technology of rapid solidification of the metal is in the capture molecules of the metal at a high energy level. Since Duwez invented the technology of rapid solidification in 1960, she is constantly being improved and systematized, and gradually mastered the industry. Because of its high dynamic and good physical and chemical properties of metals rapid solidification attracted the attention of metalloidal in many countries that have invested in research a lot of labor, materials and money. As a result of developments of the last three decades, the technology of rapid solidification and research in connection with it on the metals have become one of the most important areas of materials science and engineering. Since the technology of rapid solidification aimed at improving rapid cooling and to accelerate the solidification mainly due to the increase in the speed of solidification, then the rate of solidification is very important to obtain material rapid solidification and their properties.

Currently, there are dozens of methods and types of equipment for the production of materials rapid solidification, which mainly fall into three categories: the technology of cooling forms, the spray technology and the technology of surface melting and deposition. According to the basic principle of the rapid solidification of the dispersion of the melt and reduce thermal resistance existing production include swivel or fixed cold form (or a basis), mainly made of metal of good thermal conductivity. According to this technology, the method of heat transfer is to create a channel for the coolant in the hardware, this channel is designed for rapid entrainment of heat absorbed by the Foundation for rapid cooling of the material of the rapid solidification. Because of the limitations of the normal mode of heat transfer and the design bases of the contact area between the base and the cooling fluid is small (usually an area of heat-absorbing end is always greater than the area of the heat sink end) and the contact thermal resistance is significant, while the coolant difficult to carry a large amount of heat from the melt during the solidification process. Therefore, it is very difficult to improve and balance the distribution of thermal field to further increase the rate of heat transfer during the solidification process. In addition, since the temperature of the hearth heat balance in the base during operation is quite high, then the performance of the production is the result of installation is reduced, its service life is reduced, its efficiency is reduced and the quality deteriorates. Still no reports of any technology heat pipe technology of rapid solidification.

In engineering are widely used nozzle for hot fluid, in particular a plasma welding torch, the nozzle of a plasma spray coating, nozzle electron beam welding torch, the nozzle arc welding torch high power, etc. When the heat flux with a high temperature passes through the nozzle for a long period of time in operation, the nozzle is easily damaged, so at present there is a tendency to produce a nozzle made of metal of good thermal conductivity, and in some cases provides for water cooling of the nozzle. But the effect is not so good, and progress in this area is not observed; the leakage of cooling water can damage the electrical insulation and thereby greatly reduce the reliability of the equipment. Although in some cases the technology of heat pipes in nozzles still applies, but highly efficient heat transfer heat pipe cannot occur, because of their technical design does not improve to any significant degree heat-absorbing area of the nozzle and the geometric dimensions of the nozzle is small. Therefore, the existing technology is still n is able to meet the requirements of mechanical engineering and needs improvement.

A heat exchanger including a heat exchanger for heat exchange between species of the fluid, is the most common technological equipment used in various industries. Never in the course of centuries did not stop attempts to improve the performance of the heat exchanger in order to increase the heat transfer coefficient by different methods, ways and means. Effective attempt is the technology of heat transfer using a heat pipe on the basis of the phase transition, including the application environment with high thermal conductivity for heat transfer. High thermal conductivity, a large area of the heat sink and the relatively low cost of the heat exchanger based on the heat pipe is counted for recovery of residual heat in heat exchanger technology. However, branched distribution of heat pipes in a conventional heat exchanger based on the heat pipe and its square-box construction may contaminate the surface of the heat sink, it may experience dead zones and turbulence of the fluid flow, thereby adversely affecting the normal heat transfer and duration of the service life of the heat exchanger. One-piece design and a large amount of conventional heat exchanger is one of the limiting factors. To date there are no reports of use to the comprehensive technology of heat pipes in heat exchangers.

Large electric motors, generators and motors are a source of energy for modern industry, the Foundation of the modern techniques and technological equipment in the countries economy. Their common structural feature is that they all have a rotating shaft of the rotor, at any time require a heat sink. If the heat, including the heat radiated within the rotor, do not take it can happen overheating, which will reduce the power and weaken the insulation and damage electrical and mechanical equipment, and even lead to its failure. In General, with each degree rise in temperature the upper limit for this motor life is reduced by half. For the dissipation of heat from the rotor powerful electric motors and generators are usually cooled by circulating in a closed loop gas or through a ventilation pipe, by auxiliary fan cooling or through hollow copper windings of the rotor for cooling water flowing through the hollow copper winding, shaft and sealed water jacket to remove heat. The technology of heat transfer through the heat pipe on the basis of the phase transition is sometimes used thus to improve the heat dissipation of the rotor of the motor: the motor shaft is made hollow for the formation of several offset is authorized hollow chamber, which passes through a heat absorbing end and a heat end of the rotor, has a vacuum and filled with a small amount of a liquid medium. The environment absorbs heat, evaporates in the heat-absorbing end, radiates heat and condenses to a liquid at the heat sink end. Return fluid flows back to the heat-absorbing end of the slope under the influence of centrifugal force. The heat which is transferred by this environment in the heat the end, blowin cold air blowing fan, the internal heat in the rotor ultimately removed, thereby creating a reciprocating heat recycling. The technology of the rotating heat pipe can give a pretty good effect on heat sink of the rotor of the electric motor. But the mentioned methods have many disadvantages such as low heat and a large cost, they also have the common drawback in which the area of the heat sink is small and the performance of the heat sink is essentially irrelevant. Ways to improve the performance of the heat sink to the rotor of the electric motor and to improve the performance and reliability of power equipment are subject, on which scientists and engineers have to work all the time.

As indicated above, the existing technology of heat pipes, heat exchangers at the core is ve heat pipe technology heat transfer through the heat pipe, originally applied in household appliances, finds an increasing number of applications in the areas of advanced technology, as the aerospace industry as a result of its development over the last 50 years or so, because of the simplicity of design, reliability, high thermal conductivity and easy implementation, so currently it is being used in more areas. In recent decades, there are some new designs of heat pipes and new mechanisms of heat transfer, but the ways of increasing the area of the heat sink heat pipe in heat exchanger technology mainly in the increase in the absolute length of the heat sink end of the heat pipe, the establishment of additional finned heat sink plates and the increase in the number of heat pipes; and the design of the heat exchanger based on the heat pipe is still single, the design of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and radiator heat pipe until undergone little change. All these circumstances have significantly limited the use and implementation of heat pipes and heat pipe technology. In particular, as for the method of reducing thermal resistance of the contact heat source separate from the heat flow to increase the heat transfer coefficient, today's technology, those who of loobman through heat pipe is hard to fully Express themselves because of their special design. For heat sink in close space, special shape and high density heat flux and heat sink with a significant density of the heat flux at intermittent intervals and the limited availability of cold source is necessary to improve the existing technology of heat pipes.

The invention

One of the objectives of the present invention is to eliminate the disadvantages of the original technology and the provision of integrated heat pipe, which can increase the heat transfer coefficient and which is integrated heat pipe with a complicated surface shape, and with a radial design for the contact of the heat source and the heat source fluid.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a few ways concerning integrated heat pipe, namely:

method of producing large-area heat sink for the integrated heat pipe in a small volume, intended for use medium heat on the outside of the closed vacuum chamber and/or inside as a heat sink end to provide a compact space and to obtain a large heat sink surface using a curved shape medium heat;

the implementation of design talipapa the surrounding end integrated heat pipe, including the distribution of the heat transfer medium in the place closest to the heat-absorbing surface in a sealed empty chamber heat pipe and execution shaped surface of the heat absorbing end of the heat pipe in accordance with the design of the heat source and heat conductivity;

method heat integrated heat pipe, according to which internal heat transfer through the same closed vacuum chamber and the same transfer medium in the same closed vacuum chamber for heat sink through teploprovodnyh in thin-walled channel of a fluid medium for heat transfer with the hot melt to distribute the heat transfer medium in the place closest to the heat-absorbing surface in a closed vacuum chamber, for the escape of heat as a heat transfer medium in the place in which the heat conductor is closest to the heat sink surface to reduce thermal resistance and increase the efficiency of heat conduction; method of heat transfer for rotating integrated heat pipe by means of a liquid medium, with high-speed rotation of the integrated heat pipe uses centrifugal force to return the liquid medium and to perform return of the liquid medium due to capillary force of the absorbing liquid element of the heat pipe and through the adhesive force, when the liquid medium is rotated at low speed.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a construction of multiple products integrated heat pipe by a method including the heat sink of the CPU; heatsink powerful electrical and electronic elements and components; heat to cold form rapidly solidified metal, rotating heat sink to the heat source or the rotating shaft, such as a quenching roller for thin strip rapidly solidified metal, rotating shaft, the rotating roller, cast the circle and the rolling circle in metallurgy, the rotor and rotor blades for the turbine, and a heat sink for gas cutting plasma welding nozzle for coating, plasma spray, the nozzle for electron beam welding torch, nozzle, an electric arc welding torch high power, and two heat exchanger fluid in the tube and the heater or the cooler; and providing design heat production in other heat applications.

According to one variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe, comprising a housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having a heat transfer medium containing a group of teploprovodnogo connected with the closed integrated camera is Anna heat pipe outside inside, or outside and inside, with each group is in contact with the closed chamber and a heat transfer medium in a closed chamber, and a heat transfer medium is a liquid medium capable of heat transfer due to phase transition, or is highly effective as a heat transfer medium, which uses other types of thermal conductivity, while teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid to dissipate heat by cooling the fluid, or in the form of a heat sink structure to absorb heat, and when teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, thin-walled channel for fluid environment is a corrugated curved surface, and when teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid and connected to a closed chamber inside, thin-walled channel for the fluid is a closed tube, when teploprovodnymi made in the form of a heat sink structure with good thermal conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface, and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filament is underwater material or made in the form of their combinations, teploprovodnymi made in the form of heat dissipating end, and a body or part of the body is in the form of a heat-absorbing end.

Preferably, thin-walled channel for a fluid medium is a corrugated curved surface, when teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, and corrugated curved surface is parallel to, perpendicular to, or parallel to and perpendicular to the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, while the inner cavity of each group of teploprovodnogo are continuations of the closed chamber and the outer shell closed chamber and the outer shell of thin-walled channel for the fluid to form the housing, the outside curved surface formed by the channel of the cooling fluid, and a curved surface of a thin-walled channel for the fluid is ribbed surface, evenly or unevenly distributed speakers, surface in the form of an inverted "U", or their combination.

Preferably, thin-walled channel for the fluid is a closed tube, when teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid and connected to a closed chamber inside from the entrance of fluid is Reda to the outlet of the fluid channel for fluid medium it passes through an enclosed chamber between the two sides of a closed chamber, between the two adjacent sides of a closed chamber, or through one side of the closed chamber, and inside the thin-walled channel for the fluid is formed a channel for the cooling fluid.

Preferably, the cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear, or other suitable shape, or a combination of both.

Preferably, the distance between the layers, providing sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium when teploprovodnymi made in the form of heat sink structure made of bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, with openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof.

Preferably, the conductivity or heat-absorbing end to have a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, and provides additional channels for cold, hot, or hot and cold fluid, connected to the two sides, this will complement the global channels for fluid surrounded by corrugated ribbed curved surface of thin-walled channels for fluid or the relevant part of the end cap of thin-walled channel in the form of a closed tube.

Preferably, the conductivity of thin-walled channel for the fluid has a straight shape, a curved ribbed shape, a straight ribbed shape of the mirror relative to the housing, the shape of an inverted "U", or their combination, or thin-walled channel for a fluid medium in closed tubes passing through an enclosed chamber from two opposite or adjacent sides of a closed chamber, with heat-sink end, the body or part of the housing on the opposite side of the corrugated curved surface of thin-walled channels for the fluid, or on the side, parallel, thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, passes through two opposite sides of the closed chamber, and the outer shape of the heat-absorbing end conforms to the shape of the heat source, the external shape is smooth and flat, or corresponds to the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping for quite a snug fit, and, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid heat transfer medium, heat-absorbing bottom part, leading to a closed chamber, has an absorbent liquid element.

Preferably, the tube additionally contains a part of the housing surrounding an enclosed chamber at the heat-absorbing end is, having a cross section outside round shape and a longitudinal cross-section of rectangular, cylindrical or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, the group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and located within a closed chamber and passing through an enclosed chamber between the two opposing sides perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, with the cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable form, or their combination, the group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery of the axis of the heat tube and having a curved ribbed shape or other appropriate shape of a curved surface, or a combination, additional channels for the fluid connected to the thin-walled channels for the fluid and the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat absorbing surface of the housing, and additional channels for a fluid are the input and output openings for the cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe used in the t of the liquid medium, absorbing fluid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the inner surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the housing, and the outer round surface of the heat-absorbing end of the case is made with the possibility of absorption during the rotation, heat of solidification and cooling of the melt or heat conducted to the surface through the contact and the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium and scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the housing is closed and corrugated curved surface on the heat-absorbing end surrounds an enclosed chamber and is located on the circuit design of rotation, having a cross section with more than three groups evenly or symmetrically ribbed curved surfaces with equal or unequal height, with thin channels in the form of a closed tube, or closed and corrugated curved surface located on the periphery contain heat dissipating end located in a closed chamber and passing through it between two opposite sides of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, and the cross-section of thin-walled channels for the fluid in akritas tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable form, or their combination, with a closed and corrugated curved surface located on the periphery, has a curved ribbed form, and additional channels for the fluid connected with the thin-walled channels for the fluid and the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat absorbing surface of the housing, with additional channels for a fluid are the input and output openings for the cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing fluid design installed on the inner surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the casing, and the casing is closed and corrugated curved surface located on the outside of the structure of the rotation, made in the form of heat-absorbing surface for absorbing during rotation, the heat from the shaft and a heat source inside of the shaft, or heat from an external hot fluid medium, with the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium and, ultimately, scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the de heat-absorbing chamber, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber has an internal circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear, or other suitable shape, and the heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled channels for the fluid, representing a corrugated ribbed surface or a curved ribbed surface, which is parallel or perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber or thin-walled channel for a fluid medium in closed tubes passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber; and a cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, wherein, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber traverses the vacuum chamber, and an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the bottom surface of the absorbing idcontinent, when this closed vacuum chamber integrated heat pipe surrounded the end covers, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber and a thin-walled channels for the fluid, and an additional channel for fluid passage for cooling water surrounds the thin-walled channel for the fluid with a corrugated ribbed curved surface, or the relevant parts of the end cap of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, and the heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat it absorbs the heat from the hardening and cooling of the flowing melt, while the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium, ultimately, scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through two opposite sides of the housing in a closed chamber, with the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or other form, in this case, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface, and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tubes or the filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, with layers spaced out enough to provide sufficient heat transfer to the transfer medium, and the holes between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and by conduction of heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the solidification and cooling of the ongoing melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

Preferably, the body or part thereof, made in the form of heat-absorbing end is smooth and flat, or the corresponding heat-absorbing end of the other heat pipe, and two heat pipes are connected to the molded plate made of metal is high conductivity, containing cavity, while the molded plate has channels for hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe and molded plate of metal of high conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate for the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface, and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat sink structure also collapsed, bent or is composed of membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, and the layers are spaced out enough to provide sufficient heat transfer to the heat transfer medium, with holes between layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end and, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing liquid design is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, with heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat absorbs the heat generated from the curing and cooling of the passing of the melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

Preferably, the body or part thereof, made in the form of heat-absorbing end is smooth and flat, or the corresponding metal terminal plate with high thermal conductivity, and the heat pipe and the end plate are connected with a molded plate of metal of high conductivity, containing a cavity, with molded plate has channels for hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe, a metal end plate of metal of high thermal conductivity and a molded plate of metal of high thermal conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate for the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good thermal conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface, and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing design is from the bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, and the layers are spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer to the heat transfer medium, with holes between layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing fluid design installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and the heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat absorbs the heat generated from the curing and cooling of the passing of the melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of heat-absorbing chamber, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of th is absorbing cavities has a round internal shape or another suitable shape, wherein the longitudinal section of the heat-absorbing cavities has an external shape of a rectangle, inverted cone or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, a heat dissipating end of the heat pipe, made in the form of channel for cold fluid, parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber with a longitudinal cross-section having an external shape of a rectangle, inverted cone, or a form suitable for interaction with a corrugated curved surface or ribbed surface located on the surface of rotation, or serrated surface located on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted down cone, curved or corrugated surface for thin-walled channel for the fluid, uniformly or non-uniformly located on surfaces of revolution in the form of an inverted down cone, and outside corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid surrounding the body for the formation of an additional channel for the fluid to expedite the flow of cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section talapov omayma camera intersects with the vacuum chamber, moreover, due to the heat the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the high temperature fluid medium, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the thin channel for the fluid, and, ultimately, dispersed by a cold fluid passing from the outside of corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of many groups of heat-absorbing chambers, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, toothed inner shape or another suitable shape, or a combination of both, heat dissipating end of the heat pipe, made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid parallel to the axis of the heat absorbing chamber and having a corrugated curved surface or a curved ribbed surface on the outside of the closed chamber, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber crossed what is with the vacuum chamber, moreover, an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the bottom surface of the absorbing liquid element, while the heat-absorbing chamber, a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber and the end cover, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber is surrounded by an enclosed chamber heat pipe, and the additional channel for the hot fluid medium from the inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds two sides of the end cap of the housing, with an additional channel for the cold fluid from the inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds the corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber, and the heat pipe forms a the exchanger with integrated heat pipe for effecting heat exchange between two kinds of fluid.

Preferably, the tube is used for heat dissipation in the manufacture of workpieces non-crystalline, microcrystalline and subcritical rapidly solidified metal.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe, comprising a housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having a heat transfer medium, comprising a housing or part of the body made in the form of heat-absorbing end of the heat-absorbing group Palast the th, which pass through the casing, mounted in a closed chamber, an outer shell surrounding an enclosed chamber, representing a rotation design surrounding an enclosed chamber, or the rotation design surrounding an enclosed chamber with a corrugated curved surface located on the designs of rotation, an end surface or portion of the end surface, which is perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, the external shape of the heat-absorbing end conforms to the shape of the heat source for a tight fit, the external form has a group of corrugated curved surfaces, groups curved surfaces of the closed tubular thin-walled channels for the fluid, or combination thereof, and a heat transfer medium is a closed vacuum chamber to the heat-absorbing end near heat-absorbing surface.

Preferably, the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through the body between opposite sides of the housing, between the two adjacent sides of the housing, or through one side of the housing, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable form.

Preferably, the shell structure of rotation surrounding an enclosed chamber for heat-sink is once heat pipe, has a cross-section on the outside of a round shape, and the longitudinal cross section is rectangular, cylindrical or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source.

Preferably, the outer sheath corrugated curved surface is located on the designs of rotation to the closed environment of the camera on the heat-absorbing end having a cross section with more than three groups evenly or symmetrically curvilinear ribbed surfaces of equal or unequal height.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the housing is an end surface or a part of the end surface, which is perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, and the outer shape of the heat-absorbing end conforms to the shape of the heat source for a tight fit, and the outer shape is smooth and flat, or smooth and serving, or smooth and deep, or corresponds to the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping quite snug.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the housing contains a group of surfaces of closed thin-walled tubular channel for the fluid inside the closed chamber from the entrance of fluid to exit the fluid in the channels for the fluid to pass through an enclosed chamber between the two sides close is the camera, between the two adjacent sides of a closed chamber, or through one side of the closed chamber, and inside the thin-walled channels for the fluid is formed a channel for the cooling fluid.

Preferably, the cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid is round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, or a combination of both.

Preferably, the absorbing liquid element mounted on the inner surface of the housing in a closed chamber, when the heat-absorbing end of the housing uses a liquid heat transfer medium, while the inner surface opposite to the heat-absorbing surface and is released in an enclosed chamber, and an absorbent fluid element is a groove, a sieve, a bundle of fibers with spring, sintered metal powder, a combination of them or another structure.

Preferably, the conductivity or heat-absorbing end to have a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, and provide additional channels for the fluid with passages for cold, hot, or hot and cold fluid, United with the walls of the casing, with additional channels for the fluid surround the corrugated ribbed curved surface of thin-walled channels for flowing the Reda or corresponding parts of the end cap of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube.

Preferably, the conductivity of thin-walled channel for the fluid has a straight shape, a curved ribbed shape of the mirror relative to the housing, the shape of an inverted "U", or their combination, or thin-walled channel for a fluid medium in closed tubes passing through an enclosed chamber from two opposite or adjacent sides of a closed chamber, with heat-sink end, the body or part of the housing on the opposite side of the corrugated curved surface of thin-walled channels for the fluid, or on the side, parallel, thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, passes through two opposite sides closed camera, and the external shape of the heat-absorbing end conforms to the shape of the heat source, the external shape is smooth and flat, or corresponds to the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping for quite a snug fit, and, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid heat transfer medium, heat-absorbing bottom part, leading to a closed chamber, has an absorbent liquid element.

Preferably, the tube additionally contains a part of the housing surrounding an enclosed chamber for the heat-absorbing end having a transverse CE is giving outside round shape, and longitudinal section of a rectangular, cylindrical or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, the group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and located within a closed chamber and passing through an enclosed chamber between the two opposing sides perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, with the cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable form, or their combination, the group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and having a curved ribbed form or another form surface, or a combination, additional channels for the fluid connected to the thin-walled channels for the fluid and the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat absorbing surface of the housing, and additional channels for a fluid are the input and output openings for the cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal is practical powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the inner surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the housing, and the outer round surface of the heat-absorbing end of the case is made with the possibility of absorption during the rotation, heat of solidification and cooling of the melt or heat conducted to the surface through the contact and the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium and scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the housing is closed and corrugated curved surface on the heat-absorbing end surrounds an enclosed chamber and is located on the circuit design of rotation, having a cross section with more than three groups evenly or symmetrically ribbed curved surfaces with equal or unequal height, with thin channels in the form of a closed tube, or closed and corrugated curved surface located on the periphery contain heat dissipating end located in a closed chamber and passing through it between two opposite sides of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, and the cross-section of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear, or other suitable shape, or a combination of both, with additional channels for the fluid connected with the thin-walled channels for the fluid and what about the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat absorbing surface of the housing, additional channels for a fluid are the input and output openings for the cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing fluid design is installed on the inner surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the casing, and the casing is closed and corrugated curved surface located on the outside of the structure of the rotation, made in the form of heat-absorbing surface for absorbing during rotation, the heat from the shaft and a heat source inside of the shaft, or heat from an external hot fluid medium, with the absorbed heat is carried away a heat transfer medium and, ultimately, scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of heat-absorbing chamber, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber has an internal circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or any other suitable shape or combination thereof, and the heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled channels for the fluid,representing corrugated straight ribbed surface or a curved ribbed surface, parallel or perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, or thin-walled channel for a fluid medium in closed tubes passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber; and a cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, wherein, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber traverses the vacuum chamber, and additional the groove for the liquid medium is made on the bottom surface of the absorbing liquid member, a closed vacuum chamber integrated heat pipe surrounded the end covers, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber and a thin-walled channels for the fluid, and an additional channel for fluid passage for cooling water surrounds the thin-walled channel for the fluid with a corrugated ribbed curved surface, or the relevant parts of the end cap of thin-walled channel for flowing the Reda in the form of a closed tube, moreover, the heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat it absorbs the heat from the hardening and cooling of the flowing melt, while the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium, ultimately, scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through two opposite sides of the housing in a closed chamber, with the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or other form, in this case, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface, and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a bee SOT, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, with layers spaced out enough to provide sufficient heat transfer to the transfer medium, and the holes between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, if e is ω, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and by conduction of heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the solidification and cooling of the ongoing melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

Preferably, the body or part thereof, made in the form of heat-absorbing end is smooth and flat, or the corresponding heat-absorbing end of the other heat pipe, and two heat pipes are connected to a molded plate of metal of high conductivity, containing a cavity, with molded plate has channels for hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe and molded plate of metal of high conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate for the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, a big warm the bone and a large surface area, and connected with the closed chamber from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat sink structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, and the layers are spaced out enough to provide sufficient heat transfer to the heat transfer medium, with holes between layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end and, when integrated thermal the tube uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, with heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat absorbs the heat generated from the curing and cooling of the passing of the melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

Preferably, the body or part thereof, made in the form of heat absorbing the second end, is smooth and flat, or the corresponding metal terminal plate with high thermal conductivity, and the heat pipe and the end plate are connected with a molded plate of metal of high conductivity, containing a cavity, with molded plate has channels for hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe, a metal end plate of metal of high thermal conductivity and a molded plate of metal of high thermal conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate for the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface, and is connected to the closed camera outside, inside, or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, and the layers are spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer to the heat transfer medium, with holes between the layers of the elderly is by heat transfer to the environment, located in the heat-absorbing end, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and the heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat absorbs the heat generated from the curing and cooling of the passing of the melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of heat-absorbing chamber, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round internal shape or another suitable shape, and the longitudinal section of the heat-absorbing cavities has an external shape of a rectangle, inverted cone or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, a heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of channel for cold fluid, parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber with a longitudinal cross-section, having an external f the RMU rectangle, inverted cone or a form suitable for interaction with a corrugated surface or a curved ribbed surface located on the surface of rotation, or serrated surface located on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted down cone, curved or corrugated surface for thin-walled channel for the fluid, uniformly or non-uniformly located on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted down cone, and outside corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid surrounding the body for the formation of an additional channel for the fluid to expedite the flow of cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and by conduction of heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the high temperature fluid medium, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the thin channel for the fluid, and, ultimately, dispersed by a cold fluid passing from the outside of corrugated thin what about the channel for the fluid.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of many groups of heat-absorbing chambers, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, toothed inner shape or another suitable shape, or a combination of both, heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber and having a corrugated ribbed curved surface on the outside of the closed chamber, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or another effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the bottom surface of the absorbing liquid element, while the heat-absorbing chamber, a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber and the end cover, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber is surrounded by an enclosed chamber heat pipe, and augment the capacity of the channel for the hot fluid medium from the inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds two sides of the end cap body, with this additional channel for cold fluid with the inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds the corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber, and the heat pipe forms a heat exchanger with an integrated heat pipe for effecting heat exchange between two kinds of fluid.

Preferably, the tube is used for heat dissipation in the manufacture of workpieces non-crystalline, microcrystalline and subcritical rapidly solidified metal.

According to another variant, a method for providing a large surface for heat dissipation in small volume for integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps are:

a) provide a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid or thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube or a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface, or any combination of them outside, inside, or outside and inside the closed chamber, for greater compactness, b) provide a curved surface for corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid, or a curved surface for thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube or a curved or bent by Ernest for heat sink structure, or any combination of them outside, inside, or outside and inside of the closed chamber to increase the surface of heat dissipation, in) provide a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube within a closed chamber in the design of rotation to increase the surface of heat dissipation heat pipe, while the heat pipe has a spiral shape.

According to another variant of the method of construction of the heat-absorbing end of the integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps that: a) perform a heat absorbing end corresponding to the shape of the heat source for a tight fit, smooth and flat, smooth and acting, smooth and deep, or according to an external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping or rather a tight fit, when the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is a lateral surface or a part of the side surface vertical to the axis of the heat pipe, b) provide a cavity passing through the opposite side, adjacent side, or through one or the same side of the chassis, when the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is a group of heat-absorbing cavities, which extend through the housing and a closed chamber, with the cross-section of the heat-absorbing Polo the TEI has a round, rectangular, polygonal, jagged form or other appropriate form) perform a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe in the form of design rotation, surrounding an enclosed chamber with an external circular cross section and longitudinal section in the form of a rectangle, cylinder, or other body of rotation, which is suitable for a heat source, g) perform a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe in the form of a closed corrugated thin-walled curved surface surrounding an enclosed chamber with a circular cross section or other cross-section of a suitable form, provide more of the three groups evenly or symmetrically ribbed curved surfaces of the same or different heights, which have a curved ribbed form or other curved surfaces, and combinations thereof, with a longitudinal cross-section is rectangular, cylindrical, or another form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, d) provide metal molded plate with high thermal conductivity, having a cavity, a channel for hot molten substance, and a channel for air release to obtain a heat-absorbing chamber heat pipe between the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and metal molded plate with high heat conductivity, and the specified m is a metallic molded plate with high heat conductivity, having a cavity, a channel for hot molten substance, and a channel for air release to obtain a heat-absorbing chamber integrated heat pipe and a variety of heat-absorbing cavities formed by the heat-absorbing end surfaces of the heat pipes installed between the heat-absorbing end of the two heat-pipes, e) provide a heat transfer medium in a closed chamber in the housing or part of the body heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end near heat-absorbing surface, while absorbing the liquid element have near heat-absorbing surface in a closed chamber when using a liquid medium.

According to another variant of the method of heat transfer in the integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps are:

(a) provide for the absorption of heat by contact with the heat source on the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the housing heat pipe, the heat transfer in the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber through a surface of the heat-absorbing end of the housing, and a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and is evaporated to quickly dissipate the absorbed heat to the outside, inside, or outside and inside a closed chamber using heat conductor as a heat dissipating end, when this heat is pogloschaya design absorbs or transmits heat, absorbed heat transfer medium, b) provide heat transfer from the heat transfer medium through the low-temperature fluid in a thin-walled channel for the fluid, performed outside, inside, or outside and inside closed chambers to provide absorption of heat from the heat transfer medium through the heat sink structure made outside, inside, or outside and inside the closed chamber, g) provide a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe near the heat-absorbing surface in a closed chamber, and use a heat transfer medium for heat transfer to the nearest heat dissipating surface teploprovodnyh to reduce thermal resistance, improved thermal conductivity and increase the rate of heat transfer.

According to another variant of the method of heat transfer in a rotating integrated heat pipe that uses a liquid medium, comprising steps in which: a) use a round cross-section of body heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end of the heat absorption due to contact with a heat source during high-speed rotation, when the heat pipe is rotated at high speed, the heat transfer in the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber which is discarded to GNC the interior wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the centrifugal force, moreover, a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and evaporates quickly, while saturated steam that fills an enclosed chamber, condenses to a liquid from the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid in contact with low-temperature thin-walled channel for the fluid, with the removal of the pair, and thin-walled channel for the fluid passes potential evaporation heat in a cold environment, which is outside the closed chamber of thin-walled channel for the fluid, and then cold fluid carries away the heat absorbed by the heat pipe, with a liquid medium condensed on the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid quickly accumulates, and again dropped on the inner the surface of the heat-absorbing end due to the centrifugal force to provide the beginning of a new cycle of the heat transfer process, which is repeated loops, while providing a large heat dissipation area and use a phase transition to transfer heat evenly with the same temperature over the entire area of heat dissipation, in this case the centrifugal force of the rotating heat pipe causes the passage of a liquid medium to the heat-absorbing end and completely reduces thermal resistance of the interface in the process of heat absorption with the phase transition, for optimal heat transfer is, b) use a round cross-section of body heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end of the heat absorption due to contact with a heat source during low-speed rotation, when the heat pipe is rotated at low speed, the heat transfer in the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber in which is installed an absorbent liquid element on the inner surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end due to the adhesive forces of the liquid medium, with a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and evaporates quickly, and saturated steam that fills an enclosed chamber, condenses to a liquid from the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid in contact with low-temperature thin-walled channel for the fluid, with the removal of the pair, with thin-walled channel for the fluid passes the potential heat of evaporation to cool the fluid outside the closed chamber of thin-walled channel for the fluid and the cold fluid then carries away the heat absorbed by the heat pipe, and a liquid medium condensed on the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid quickly accumulates under its own weight dropped again in the bottom position in a closed chamber heat pipe, while the liquid medium is absorbed in the absorbing liquid elementlabel tube and placed in contact with a heat source under the influence of capillary forces to start a new cycle of a heat transfer process, repeated cycles, while providing a large heat dissipating area and use the phase transition for heat evenly at the same temperature over the entire area of heat dissipation, while the capillary force of the absorbing liquid element heat tube and the adhesive forces of the liquid medium heat pipe causes the passage of a liquid medium to the heat-absorbing end, for optimal heat transfer.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium containing a heat conductor mounted on the outside of the closed vacuum chamber, and the heat conductor is a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for the fluid, and twelve short ribs and twelve long edges are radial to the axis of the heat pipe, while within each corrugated long edges and short edges formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber as a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber and outside of each long corrugated ribs or short ribs formed channel for the fluid of teploprovodnyh which is in contact with the cold liquid and forms a surface of rasei the project for a heat teploprovodnyh, the group of teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, the housing of the integrated heat pipe is formed by a wall of the closed vacuum chamber and a wall of corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid, and to ensure normal heat conduction in an inclined position in a closed vacuum chamber has an absorbent liquid element, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used for radiation of such a solid source of heat, in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a CPU, video card, electric and electronic components with large power.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium containing teploprovodnymi installed outside the closed vacuum chamber, while teploprovodnymi are corrugated parallel straight ribbed thin-walled channels for the fluid, and thirteen groups ribbed thin-walled channels for a fluid are parallel with the same distance from one side of the housing on the opposite side of the heat-absorbing end of the housing, within each corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for the fluid formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh, which connects the closed vacuum chamber and is a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber, and outside each group of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channels for the fluid is formed a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh which is in contact with the cold liquid and is also the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, the housing of the integrated heat pipe is formed by a wall of the closed vacuum chamber and a wall of corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid, and to ensure the normal heat conduction in an inclined position in a closed vacuum chamber has an absorbent liquid element, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

Preferably the tube is used for radiation of such a solid source of heat, in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a CPU, video card, electric and electronic components with large power.

According to another variant, the mobile is integrated heat pipe, containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium, containing eleven groups teploprovodnogo, installed inside a sealed vacuum chamber, surrounded by a rectangular body, the left and right end plates of the casing, and the heat conductor is a thin-walled channel for the fluid formed thin-walled tube of rectangular cross-section and passing through two sides of the end plates of the casing, and the outer wall of each thin-walled tube of rectangular cross-section formed by the inner cavity teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber and is also in it, while the inner side of each thin-walled tube of rectangular cross-section formed by channel for the fluid of teploprovodnyh which is in contact with the cold liquid and is also the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and a heat transfer medium therein, and to ensure normal heat conduction in an inclined position absorbing fluid element is installed in a closed vacuum chamber, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

predpochtitelno, the tube is used for radiation of such a solid source of heat, in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a CPU, video card, electric and electronic components with large power.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium, containing nine groups of columnar teploprovodnogo outside the closed vacuum chamber, in this case the lower heat-absorbing end is a structure of the thin-walled and hollow rectangular plate, the upper thin-walled hollow rectangular plate, opposite to the case of the lower heat-absorbing end and which is a mirror image of the lower part to provide a connection with each other and with the closed vacuum chamber of the internal cavities of the channel for the fluid to nine groups of columnar thin-walled tube, with the inner surface of each of teploprovodnyh in the form of thin-walled tubes forms an internal cavity teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber and is its sequel, and the outer surface of each of teploprovodnyh in the form of a thin-walled tube forms a channel for liquids Teplopribor the ka, which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, and to increase the surface of heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh in the form of thin-walled tubes in a thin-walled hollow rectangular plate installed twelve groups of radiators that pass through it, closely correspond to it and parallel to it, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, and to ensure normal heat conduction in an inclined position in a closed vacuum chamber has an absorbent liquid element, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used for radiation of such a solid source of heat, in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a CPU, video card, electric and electronic components with large power.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium/ containing teploprovodnymi installed in a closed vacuum chamber, surrounded by the columnar body or the other form and end plates of the casing, p. and this heat-absorbing cavity located in the housing, pass through it and made in the form of heat-absorbing end, closely corresponding to the graphite insert and the Central hole of the graphite insert is a channel for the molten metal inlet for molten metal and an exit for cast ingot, while the channel for lubricating oil is located between the heat-absorbing chamber and the graphite insert and teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid formed by 80 groups of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section and passing through the end plates located on opposite sides of the housing, the external wall of each thin-walled tubes of circular cross section forms an internal cavity teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum the camera is in it, and the inner wall of each thin-walled tubes of circular cross section forms a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, and to ensure the normal heat sealed vacuum chamber as a heat-absorbing end, has an absorbent liquid element at the inner the second wall of the heat-absorbing chamber in a closed vacuum chamber, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used for the mold during the continuous casting of ingots and device for manufacturing wire of the rapidly solidified metal in metallurgy.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium containing a heat absorbing end of the housing, located vertically to the axis of the heat pipe and which is the surface heat pipe located outside the closed vacuum chamber, while teploprovodnymi located inside a sealed vacuum chamber surrounded by the housing of the integrated heat pipe heat-absorbing-type and heat conductor is a heat-sink design, made of metal with high thermal conductivity, high thermal capacity, large area, and easily absorbing and nakaplivalsya heat so that the heat-absorbing structure is a heat-absorbing end of the latent heat and is located in the integrated heat pipe, with heat-absorbing structure is made of copper foil with a large surface area, twisted and curved, and the distance between SL is s sufficient to ensure optimal heat transfer medium, the opening between the layers facing to the heat-absorbing end and a heat-sink design is enclosed in a closed chamber through the housing and heat-absorbing end of the housing, the cavity is a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium for the formation of integrated heat pipe heat sink type.

Preferably, the tube is used for the mold during the continuous casting of ingots and device for manufacturing wire of the rapidly solidified metal in metallurgy.

According to another variant of the integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium having a circular cross section and a rectangular longitudinal section, with a heat absorbing end of the housing is located outside the closed chamber, and teploprovodnymi located inside a sealed vacuum chamber, surrounded by the columnar body and end plates, with teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid 110 formed groups of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section and passing through the end plates located on opposite sides of the casing, and the outer wall of each thin-walled tubes of circular cross section forms the internal floor is here are teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber and is in it, and the inner wall of each thin-walled tubes of circular cross section forms a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, and to ensure normal heat conduction in the slow rotation of the rolls on the outer wall of the closed vacuum chamber and on the inner wall of the housing has an absorbent liquid element, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used to heat the rolls of rolling thin strips rapidly solidified metal, rolls for continuous casting and rolling in metallurgy, motor rotor, turbine rotor, and for heat dissipation area of the rotating heat sources and traction.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium having a circular cross section and a rectangular longitudinal section, with a heat absorbing end of the housing is located outside the closed chamber, when et is m teploprovodnymi located inside a sealed vacuum chamber), surrounded by the columnar body and end plates, and teploprovodnymi (made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid formed by the group of sections of the toothed inner form of thin-walled tubes (12 teeth per group) and passing through two sides of the housing, with the inner wall of each plot toothed inner form thin-walled tube forms an internal cavity teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber and is in it and the outer wall of each plot toothed inner form thin-walled tube forms a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, and to ensure normal heat conduction in the slow rotation of the rolls, on the outer wall of the closed vacuum chamber and on the inner wall of the housing has an absorbent liquid element, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used to heat the rolls of rolling thin strips rapidly solidified metal, rolls for continuous casting and rolling in meta is lurgie, motor rotor, turbine rotor, and for heat dissipation area of the rotating heat sources and traction.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium having a circular cross-section and longitudinal section in the shape of an inverted trapezoid, with a closed vacuum chamber located on the heat-absorbing end of the housing and passes through it, and teploprovodnymi are located outside the closed vacuum chamber, while teploprovodnymi made in the form of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for the fluid, and twelve long edges are radially from the axis of the heat-absorbing camera, and the inside of each long corrugated fin formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum the camera and is a continuation of, and outside of each long corrugated fin is formed a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, and the housing formed by the wall of the closed vacuum chamber and CTE is some corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for the fluid, and the core, heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber in a closed vacuum chamber, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used to heat the plasma welding cutting nozzle for plasma coating, nozzle electron beam guns for welding, the welding gun nozzle high power.

According to another variant of the proposed integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium containing a thin-walled tube that passes through the two opposite end covers of the casing and intersecting the axis of the heat pipe, and the twelve groups serdtseobraznaya heat-absorbing cavities, located uniformly radially on the tube on the heat-absorbing end of the housing, while teploprovodnymi are located outside the closed vacuum chamber, and teploprovodnymi made in the form of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for the fluid, with forty-eight long edges are radially from the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, and inside each long corrugated fin formed by the inner cavity teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum cameraui is its sequel, and outside of each long corrugated fin is formed a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, with heat-absorbing chamber, thin-walled channel for the fluid and the opposite two end covers of the casing is surrounded by an enclosed chamber and form a housing of the integrated heat pipe, and core heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber in a closed vacuum chamber, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium, with a closed vacuum camera, thin-walled channel for the fluid and the opposite two end cover form a housing of the integrated heat pipe, and the additional channel for the hot fluid passage for the hot fluid is surrounded by the walls of the casing and fully accommodates the closed vacuum chamber, and an additional channel for the cold fluid passage for cold fluid surrounds the wall ribbed thin-walled channel for the fluid, and the heat pipe integrated in the heat exchanger.

According to yet another is the option proposed integrated heat pipe, containing an enclosed chamber and the housing having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium having the outer round surface of the housing as a heat-absorbing end and three groups ribbed thin-wall heat-absorbing curved surfaces located on it, with a heat absorbing end is located outside the closed vacuum chamber, teploprovodnymi are located outside the closed vacuum chamber, pass through the two opposite end of the cover and is made in the form of a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for the fluid, and sixteen long edges are radially from the axis of the heat pipe, while within each long corrugated fin formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh, which is connected with a closed vacuum camera so that it is an extension of, and outside of each long corrugated fin is formed a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh, which comes in contact with cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium therein, and a heat absorbing chamber a round body, thin-walled channel for the fluid and the opposite two end caps of the housing environment is with the camera and form a rotor with an integrated heat pipe, while the core heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber of the body and has three groups ribbed thin-wall heat-absorbing curved surfaces in a closed vacuum chamber, when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium, and a heat absorbing chamber, thin-walled channel (fluid and the opposite two end cover form a housing of the integrated heat pipe, while the rotor shaft and an additional channel for the hot fluid passage for hot fluid surrounded by walls of the casing and fully accommodate thin-walled channel for the fluid, and the heat pipe integrated in the rotor.

Preferably, thin-walled channel for the fluid made in the form of surface reversename edges or curved edges.

Preferably, multiple edges are established among adjacent groups corrugated ribbed thin-walled channels for the fluid, and the ribs tightly in contact with them to increase the area of heat dissipation heat pipe.

Preferably, the tube is used to heat the rotors of the generator, electric motor, or similar equipment.

List of drawings

Figure 1-1 shows the cross-section of one variant of the implementation of the present invention;

figure 1-2 shows a cross-section of one of the embodiments of the present invention;

figure 1-3 shows the cross-section of one of the embodiments of the present invention;

figure 2-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 2-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention/figure 3-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 3-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention/figure 4-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 4-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 5 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 6-1 shows the cross-section according to one of embodiments of the present invention;

figure 6-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 6-3 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 7-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

the piano is g-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

on Fig-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

on Fig-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 9-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 9-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 10-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 10-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 11-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention;

figure 11-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiments of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

Integrated heat pipe includes a housing with a closed chamber, evacuated and filled with a heat transfer medium, which is characterized by the fact that the exterior of the enclosed chamber and/or inside it has one or more groups of teploprovodnogo, with each group teploprovodnogo shares closed chamber and the heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber. A heat transfer medium may be a heat transfer liquid medium of the process f is a new transition or high-efficiency heat transfer medium for another heat transfer mode, while the heat conductor is exposed paddle end, and a body or part of the housing is a heat-absorbing end.

Integrated heat pipe includes a housing with a closed chamber, evacuated and filled with a heat transfer medium, which is characterized in that the housing of the integrated heat pipe or a part of the housing is a heat-absorbing end, which may be one or more groups of heat-absorbing cavities in a closed chamber, which takes place over the whole body, it can be a shell covering an enclosed chamber, the shell can be closed by rotating the design of the closed chamber or shell with a corrugated curved surface, which contains a closed chamber and which is located on the contour rotating design, it may be an end surface or a part of the end surface perpendicular to the axial line heat pipe. The contour of the shaped surface of the heat-absorbing end may correspond to, may be matched or closely aligned with the shaped surface of the heat source and can be shaped surface that consists of a restricted group of corrugated or curved surfaces of a closed thin-walled tube for the fluid, or a curved surface, and the and their combination. Its a heat transfer medium is distributed in the place in the heat-absorbing end of the sealed vacuum chamber, which is closest to the heat-absorbing surface.

A heat transfer medium may be a liquid as a heat transfer medium, such as water, or inorganic heat transfer medium, or a composite powder of yttrium, barium, copper and oxygen (YBCO).

Body heat pipes and teploprovodnymi outside the closed vacuum chamber and/or within it, made of metal of good heat conductivity, such as copper or aluminum.

The conductivity of thin-walled channel for the fluid made for the dissipation of heat through the cooling fluid, or for keeping the heat use a heat-sink design with good conductivity, high thermal capacity and a large area, and the material and design with good heat absorption characteristics are used as a heat sink structure.

Building integrated heat pipe or a part of the housing are heat-absorbing end and a contact heat source with heat transfer as the main mode of heat conductivity form having a specific surface shape corresponds to that agreed or close contact with the shaped surface of the heat source. For a heat source, t is a heap environment by convection as the main form of heat transfer its shaped surface is a limited group of corrugated and curved surfaces, or a limited group of curvilinear forms a closed channel for the fluid, or a combination of both. Its a heat transfer medium is a heat-absorbing end of the sealed vacuum chamber, which is most close to the heat-absorbing surface.

If the conductivity of thin-walled construction of the channel for the fluid outside the closed vacuum chamber integrated heat pipe, the design of thin-walled construction of the channel for the fluid is uneven curved surface, each bump forms a group of teploprovodnogo and each group of teploprovodnogo Autonomous and connected to each other. The inner side of each corrugated curved surface is an internal camera teploprovodnyh that has access to the closed vacuum chamber and is a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber. The outer side of each corrugated curved surface is a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh in contact with the cold liquid as a heat sink surface teploprovodnyh. The surface of the wall of the closed vacuum chamber and the surface of the wall corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid together form the body of this integrated heat pipe. A curved surface is knosti thin-walled design of the channel for the fluid can be performed in parallel and vertical edges, the curved edges of the same radius, the radial and vertical edges, evenly and unevenly distributed columns, mirroring evenly and unevenly distributed columns and the main shell in the form of an inverted U, and combinations thereof. They may be of any corrugated curved surface is regular or irregular. The inner and outer surface of the curved surface may have ribs for additional heat.

If the conductivity is made in the form of thin-walled construction of the channel for the fluid and is in a closed vacuum chamber integrated heat pipe, this thin-walled design of the channel for the fluid is closed and the tube, and the ends of the inlet and outlet cold fluid medium thin-walled channel for the fluid or pass through both ends of the closed vacuum chamber, or pass through the adjacent ends of the closed vacuum chamber, or pass through the same end of the closed vacuum chamber. Each closed tubular channel of the fluid is a group of teploprovodnogo, and each group of teploprovodnogo does not depend on the other and connected with all the others. The inner side section of thin-walled channel for a fluid medium is a channel for the cold fluid and the heat exchange on which Ernesto teploprovodnyh. The shape of the section of thin-walled channel for the fluid can be round, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or may have another suitable shape. The inner wall sections of the channel for the fluid may have the edge.

If the conductivity has a design with a large surface area and with good absorption and if the material of high thermal conductivity and large heat capacity placed outside the closed vacuum chamber and/or inside as a heat sink structure, this heat-sink design consists of a foil, or laminated, or tubular, or salcobrand material with a large surface area, or a combination of curves, or on top of each other, some distance between different layers, which ensures complete heat transfer a heat transfer medium. Heat sink design can be a sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, hemp or twisted spirals, or stack design, or can be closed thin-walled tube, or combinations thereof. Holes between layers facing to the heat-absorbing end.

A heat absorbing end of the housing may be made in the form of the end surface or as part of the end surface perpendicular to the axial line of the heat tube, and shaped the surface of this heat is absorbing end of the match, agreed or closely associated with the shaped surface of the heat source; it may be smooth, flat and smooth; smooth and hoists; smooth and with depressions; can be performed along a curved shape, can be built and closed and closely paired.

A heat absorbing end of the heat pipe can represent one or more groups of heat-absorbing cavities, passing through the body and closed the camera, and can pass through both extreme ends of the housing or through the adjacent ends of the casing, or through the same end of the housing. Cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber may be circular, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or have another suitable shape. The vertical heat-absorbing section of this camera can be tilted.

A heat absorbing end of the heat pipe may have a design of shells of revolution, and the design closes the enclosed chamber and has a round contour surface of the cross-section. The contour surface of the vertical section may have a rectangular bucket, cylinder, and other surface forms of rotation, corresponding to the requirements of the heat source.

A heat absorbing end of the heat pipe can be made in the form of a corrugated thin-walled structures with a curved surface which RA is predelena based on the round contour of the surface cross-section, or other suitable form closes an enclosed chamber. They can be more than three groups ribbed curved surface, uniformly distributed or symmetrically distributed, contour or contornos. They can be in the form of radial and vertical ribs, radial and curved edges, or to have a corresponding curved surface or a combination of both. Its contoured surface of the vertical section can be rectangular, cylindrical or other form of rotation, corresponding to the requirements of the heat source.

Between the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and the other metal plate of high thermal conductivity is a hollow metal plate of high thermal conductivity with channel casting hot melt and output channel for the gas inside it, resulting in a heat-absorbing chamber integrated heat pipe; and the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the multiple heat pipes may also together form a heat-absorbing chamber.

A heat transfer medium body heat pipe or a part of the body as a heat-absorbing end is located in a closed chamber near the heat-absorbing surface. Therefore, when using a liquid medium absorbing fluid element heat tube can be placed is in the closed camera near heat-absorbing surface. This absorbing fluid element heat tube may be a groove, a gauze, a bundle of fibers with spring, sintered metal powders, or a combination, or other effective design.

Auxiliary channel for the fluid from the inlet and outlet can be performed in thin-walled channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh heat pipe or the heat absorbing chamber heat-absorbing end, or corrugated curved thin-walled shell, or in thin-walled channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh, or the heat absorbing chamber heat-absorbing end, or corrugated curved thin-walled shell. The channel for the fluid or closes corrugated ribbed curved surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid, or closes the corresponding part of the end cap closed thin-walled tubular channel for the fluid.

When this heat pipe is used for heat sink heat sources with a flat or curved surface, such as the Central processor of the computer, electrical or electronic elements and components of high power, while the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is perpendicular to the end surface of the axial line of the heat pipe or some part of the tail behavior of the displacement; it can be flat and to be straight plane or curved surface, is made on the surface of the heat source. Shaped the surface of this heat-absorbing end of the match, match or closely associated with the shaped surface of the heat source, and may be smooth, flat and straight, smooth and with lifts; smooth and with depressions; may be made in accordance with the contour curved shape of the contact heat source, and can be built and closed and closely aligned. It is placed above the heat source. A heat transfer medium is in a closed vacuum chamber near the heat-absorbing surface. When it is located outside the closed vacuum chamber in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid to heat the end, the design of thin-walled channel of the fluid has a corrugated curved shape, it can be parallel and vertical ribbed, be in the form of curved edges of the same radius, the shape of the radial and vertical ribs, radial and curved edges, evenly and unevenly distributed columns mirror the form of evenly and unevenly distributed columns and bases of the body, the form of an inverted U, and combinations thereof, and the like, may be right or wrong is oferowane curvilinear shape. The inner and outer surface of the curved shape may have ribs for supporting the heat sink. When it is located inside a sealed vacuum chamber as a thin-walled channel for the fluid to heat the end, the design of thin-walled channel for the fluid is closed and a tubular shape, the inlet and outlet ends of the cold fluid medium thin-walled channel for the fluid or pass through both ends of the closed vacuum chamber, or pass through the adjacent ends of the closed vacuum chamber. The cross-section of thin-walled channel for the fluid can be round, rectangular, polygonal, or have another suitable shape. The inner wall sections of the channel to teploprovodnyh may have ribs. The cooling fluid for heat sink may be air or other cold fluid medium, such as water.

This heat pipe is used for heat sink of the cooling roll made of thin strips of rapidly solidified metal. When used for rotating heat sink to the heat source or the rotating shaft, such as the rotor of the motor, or for heat sink having rotor blades of the turbine contour of the cross-section of the casing, closing the closed chamber is round, and the contour of the vertical section can be PR is mogannam, cylindrical or have another form of rotation, which meets the requirements of the heat source; one or more groups of closed thin-walled tubular channels for the fluid, or one group of closed corrugated curved surfaces that are coaxial with the heat pipe and located at the periphery, and placed in a closed chamber and pass through the shell, and two facing each other of late, are perpendicular to the axial line of the heat-absorbing surface. Auxiliary channels for the fluid connected to the thin-walled channel for the fluid, are located on two respective sides of the body, which is perpendicular to the axial line of the heat-absorbing surface; moreover, these auxiliary channels for the fluid to have its own suction and discharge of the cold fluid. If you are using a liquid medium, in this case, the inner surface of the heat-absorbing end of the round housing of the integrated heat pipe can have such an effective absorbing liquid element, the groove or sintered metal powder. The outer surface of the heat-absorbing end of round shell is the surface of the heat-absorbing end.

If this heat pipe is used for crystallization of continuous casting in the steel industry is for the dissipation of heat in the equipment for rapidly solidified metal, the heat-absorbing chamber heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe passes through the two respective end of the housing and is located in the middle of the heat pipe and the inner surface of the cross-section of this heat-absorbing chamber may be circular, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or may have another suitable shape. The channel for the cold fluid at the cooling end of the heat pipe may have a curved surface in the form of radial and vertical ribs located in parallel or vertically to the axial line of the heat-absorbing chamber; may have a curved surface in the form of radial and curved edges, or shaped surface of a closed thin-walled tubular channel for the fluid, which is parallel to the axial line of the heat-absorbing chamber and passes through the respective two ends of the housing. The cross-section of a closed thin-walled tubular channel for the fluid can be round, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or may have another suitable shape. If you are using a liquid medium, in this case, the cross-section of the heat-absorbing end of the integrated heat pipe and the outer surface, connected with the vacuum chamber may have a groove or absorbing the liquids is ü element, or sintered metal powder, or other effective a fluid-absorbing design. The collection vessel fluid medium is located on the base of absorbing the liquid element. She perpendicular to the closed chamber of the integrated heat pipe, formed end cap heat-absorbing chamber, a heat absorbing chamber and a thin-walled channel for the fluid. An auxiliary channel for the fluid with the inlet and outlet for cooling water, which either closes thin-walled channel for the fluid having a curved surface in the form of corrugated ribs, or closes the corresponding part of the end cap closed thin-walled tubular channel for the fluid.

If this heat pipe is used to heat the plasma welding torch, the nozzle of a plasma spray coating, nozzle, electron beam welding torch and nozzle arc welding torch high power, the heat-absorbing chamber in heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe passes through the two respective end of the housing and is located in the middle of the heat pipe and the inner surface of the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber can be round or have other relevant suitable shape, and contour the surface of its vertical settimout to be rectangular, in the form of an inverted cone or in the form of a surface of another form of rotation, corresponding to the requirements of the heat source; as a channel for the cold fluid at the cooling end of the heat pipe, it may be corrugated curved surface in the form of radial and vertical edges, a curved surface in the form of radial and curved edges may be serrated form, distributed on the surface of the tapered body of rotation, there may be other thin-walled channel for the fluid with a corrugated evenly and unevenly distributed surface parallel to the axial line of the heat-absorbing chamber; a contour surface of the vertical rectangular cross-section, has the shape of an inverted cone or other surface forms rotation. The shell covering its contour may be on corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid, forming an auxiliary channel for the fluid to expedite the flow of cold fluid. If the heat pipe is used a liquid medium, the surface of the heat-absorbing chambers connected with a closed vacuum chamber has a groove or absorbing fluid element, or sintered metal powder, or other effective absorbing liquid element.

If this heat pipe used is utilised to heat the cold form, made from a block of rapidly solidified metal, one group of heat-absorbing cavities located in the middle of the closed chamber, which passes through two opposite ends of the housing. Cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber may be circular, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or have another suitable shape with an inclination for removal of the form. Heat sink structure with good thermal conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface area are used as teploprovodnogo heat sink end of the heat pipe and located outside of the closed chamber and/or within it, and the heat-absorbing structure may be made of film, or laminated, or tubular, or of salcobrand materials with a large surface area, or a combination of these materials in twisted or laid on each other, or they may be closed by a thin wall, or probable combination thereof. Between the layers there is a distance sufficient to fully heat a heat transfer medium; a gap layer facing the heat transfer medium of the heat-absorbing end. If the specified integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the cross-section of its heat-absorbing chamber, which is connected with the vacuum chamber may have a groove or pogloscayuscyei element, or sintered metal powder, or other effective absorbing fluid elements.

If this heat pipe is used to heat cold form, made from a block of rapidly solidified metal, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and the other plate of metal with high thermal conductivity can be placed opposite each other, with a plate of metal of high thermal conductivity between them. The plate is hollow and has a channel of metal casting and the output channel strip. A heat absorbing end of the heat tube and the plate is surrounded by the hollow part and turn it into heat-absorbing chamber. Heat sink structure with good thermal conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface area are used as teploprovodnogo heat sink end of the heat pipe and placed outside the closed chamber and/or within it; and heat-sink design can be made of film or in the form of floc or tubular or salcobrand material with a large surface area, or combinations thereof, in a twisted or laid on each other; this heat-sink design can take the form of a sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, hemp, film or sheet in the form of spirals or piles, they can be closed thin-walled tube. Between loamy there is some distance, sufficient to fully heat a heat transfer medium; a gap layer facing the heat transfer medium of the heat-absorbing end. If the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, then the corresponding heat-absorbing surface of the closed end of the vacuum chamber may be absorbing fluid elements, such as the flute or sintered metal powder, or other effective absorbing fluid elements.

If this heat pipe is used as a heat exchanger between the two kinds of fluid, several groups of heat-absorbing cavities on the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe passes through two opposite ends of the housing and are located in the middle of the heat pipe. Cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber may be circular, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or may have any other suitable shape or combination of them. Thin-walled channel for the fluid to heat the end of the heat pipe may have a corrugated shape in the form of a radial and a vertical edge or a curved shape radial and curved edges and placed outside the closed chamber and parallel to the axial line of the heat-absorbing chamber. If the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the heat-absorbing surface is the ameres connected with the vacuum chamber, can have such absorbing fluid elements, such as the flute or sintered metal powder, or other effective absorbing liquid element. A reservoir for collecting the liquid medium may be under-absorbing liquid element. Heat-absorbing chamber, a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid located outside of the closed chamber, and the end cover of the housing, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber, together form a closed chamber of thermal tube. Auxiliary channel for the hot fluid, which closes the two ends of the end cap body and has a suction and discharge of hot (and cold) fluid, and an auxiliary channel for cold fluid, which closes the corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber and has inlet and the release of cold (and hot) fluid, and the heat pipe together form a heat exchanger on the basis of integrated heat pipe for effecting heat exchange between two fluid media.

The method involves providing a large area heat sink in a small volume through the heat pipe with the surface of complex shape and with a radial design, mainly for contact with the heat source and the heat source fluid.

The method focuses on AspectJ compact space through the use of corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid, located outside the closed chamber and/or within it; or use of a closed thin-walled tubular channel for the fluid, or heat sink structure with high thermal conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface area, or teploprovodnyh any combination thereof; and to provide a larger area of the heat sink through the use of corrugated curved surface teploprovodnyh.

A method of creating a design heat-absorbing end of the integrated heat pipe includes an allocation transfer medium in a closed chamber near the heat-absorbing surface. If you are using a liquid medium, the absorbing liquid element heat tube can be placed in a closed chamber near the heat-absorbing surface.

According to this method, if a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe is an end surface or a part of the end surface perpendicular to the axial line of the heat tube, the shaped surface of the heat-absorbing end you can perform appropriate, agreed or close mating with the surface contour of the heat source. It can be smooth, flat and straight, smooth and with lifts; smooth and with depressions; can be made according to the curved surface contour of the contact heat source or built and closed, and fully and closely paired.

According to this method, if a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe is one or more groups of heat-absorbing cavities, which extend through the housing and the enclosed chamber, the heat-absorbing chamber can pass through two opposite ends of the housing, or to pass through two adjacent end of the housing, or to go through the same end of the housing. The cross-section of its heat-absorbing chamber may be circular, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or have another suitable shape. The vertical cross section of its heat-absorbing chamber may be inclined.

According to this method, a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe is designed so that the surface contour of its cross section is circular and closes rotating case closed chamber. The surface contour of a vertical section of a rectangular, cylindrical or has the form of another body of rotation, which meets the requirements of the heat source.

According to this method, a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe can be performed so that the surface contour of its cross section is a closed corrugated thin-walled curved surface, which is based on a circular or other suitable form and closes an enclosed chamber, they may be more than the time groups evenly and unevenly distributed, contour or nekotoryh curved surfaces in the form of ribs, which may be in the form of radial and vertical ribs, radial and curved edges, or to have another corresponding curved surface and a combination of both. The vertical cross section of its main contour surface is rectangular, cylindrical or other surface of a body of rotation, corresponding to the requirements of the heat source.

Under this method provides hollow metal plate with high thermal conductivity, which has a channel casting hot melt and the gas release channel and which is located between the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and the other metal plate with high thermal conductivity; according to the mode may also be provided for the heat-absorbing chamber integrated heat pipe and a metal plate with high thermal conductivity, which is made hollow in the center and has a channel casting hot melt and the gas release channel, and is located between the heat-absorbing end surfaces of the two heat pipes or heat-absorbing camera integrated heat pipe and the heat-absorbing end surface of several heat pipes together form the heat-absorbing chamber.

The method of heat transfer through the integrated heat t the skirts. According to this method the contact heat source on the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the housing heat pipe for heat absorption and heat transfer in the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber through the wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the housing to a heat transfer medium absorbing heat or absorb heat absorbed during rapid dispersion, evaporation, and used a heat conductor located outside of the closed chamber and/or within it, as the heat sink end; and the heat absorbed by a heat transfer medium, is stored or transmitted; this method uses a low temperature the fluid in a thin-walled channel for the fluid, located outside the closed chamber and/or within it, to transfer heat absorbed by a heat transfer medium. This method uses the heat-absorbing structure located outside of the closed chamber and/or within it, to contain the heat absorbed by a heat transfer medium. This method uses a heat transfer medium heat pipe located in a closed chamber near the heat-absorbing surface, and used a heat transfer medium for heat ablation in the place where the conductivity is closest to the heat-absorbing surface, to reduce the heat from the resistance, improve the heat transfer and increase thermal conductivity.

The liquid medium used in the method of heat transfer from a rotating integrated heat pipe. If the heat pipe is rotated at high speed, this method uses the case of a circular cross-section of the heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end surface, which absorbs heat during the rotation at high speed and transmits heat through the wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the housing in the same thermal environment in the same closed chamber which is rotated on the inner surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end. A heat transfer medium absorbs heat and evaporates quickly, and the closed chamber is filled with saturated steam, which quickly condenses on the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid immediately upon meeting the low-temperature fluid medium. Carry out the latent heat of evaporation is released, and thin-walled channel for fluid transfers the latent heat of evaporation to cool the fluid outside the closed chamber of thin-walled channel for the fluid, and the heat absorbed by the heat pipe, ultimately blowin cold fluid medium. Weight of liquid medium, condensed on the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid, increases rapidly with the em centrifugal force, and fluid is again reset to the inner surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end, thereby starting a new cycle of the heat transfer process, which is repeated over and over. Under this method provides a large area of the heat sink, and due to the phase transition a smooth heat transfer can be performed with the same temperature throughout the area of the heat sink. The centrifugal force of the rotating heat pipe provides the draining of fluid in the direction of the heat-absorbing end and a heat resistance of the interfacial boundaries of the transition during the phase transition heat transfer can be reduced significantly in order to ensure optimum heat transfer.

In the case of rotation of the heat pipe at a lower speed according to this method is the case of a circular cross-section of the heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end surface that is in contact with the heat source on the low-speed rotation with the absorption of heat, which is transmitted in the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber which is adjacent to the internal wall surface of the heat-absorbing end, due to the adhesive forces of the liquid medium, and in absorbing the liquid element. A heat transfer medium absorbs heat and evaporates quickly, and saturated steam, fill a closed Cham is, quickly condenses on the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid immediately, when he meets low temperature the fluid in a thin-walled channel, and carried away the latent heat of evaporation is released and thin-walled channel for fluid transfers the latent heat of evaporation to cool the fluid outside the closed chamber of thin-walled channel for the fluid, and the heat absorbed by the heat pipe, ultimately blowin cold fluid medium. Weight of liquid medium, condensed on the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid, increases rapidly under the influence of weight and then returns to the lowest part of a closed chamber heat pipe. Fluid enters the absorbing liquid element heat tube under the influence of the capillary force of the absorbing liquid element heat tube, and again returns to the position of contact with the heat source, and a new cycle begins the process of heat transfer, which is repeated again and again. Under this method provides a large heat transfer area and used the phase transition to perform uniform heat transfer at the same temperature over the entire area of heat transfer, and the capillary force of the absorbing liquid element heat tube and the adhesive force of thermal environment of the tube providing the Ute passage of liquid medium to the heat-absorbing end and you can also provide the ideal effect heat transfer.

The invention is further illustrated by the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

Example 1 implementation

According to figure 1, example 1 implementation is a variation of a heat pipe used for cooling units with integrated heat pipes in linear ribbed design for cooling Central processing units of computers, Express card, electronic components high power.

This integrated heat pipe consists of a casing 1-1 with a closed chamber 1-2, having a conductivity on the outer side of the sealed vacuum chamber; a heat conductor 1-4 has a thin-walled channel 1-4A for the fluid with linear radial distribution 12 long edges and 12 edges corresponding to the axis of the heat pipe; the inner side of each of the long edges and short edges is an internal camera teploprovodnyh 1-4 and is connected to the vacuum chamber 1-2 and with the continuation of the vacuum chamber 1-2; outer side of each of the long edges and short edges is cooling surface channel 1-4A for the fluid of teploprovodnyh 1-4, which is in contact with cold fluid medium; each group of teploprovodnogo shares closed chamber 1-2 and Wednesday 1-3 heat transfer in a vacuum chamber; each group of teploprovodnyh 1-4 is independent and is United with each other; the wall of the closed chamber and the wall of the corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid together form the housing of the integrated heat pipe; a closed vacuum chamber is a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 1-3; to ensure proper heat transfer in an inclined state under the application of heat transfer types of fluid phase transition, within a closed chamber 1-2 built-absorbing fluid element 1-5.

Corrugated thin-walled channel 1-4A for the fluid may have other curved structure, such as isometric curvilinear ribbed design, radial curvilinear ribbed design, etc. Between two adjacent corrugated ribbed thin-walled channels 1-4A for the fluid can be performed multiple edges, the walls of which will be closely contacting to increase the cooling area of the heat pipe.

One part of the body 1-1 made in the form of a simple heat-absorbing end corresponding to the plane of the heat source, and is located above the heat source for the perception of heat. The body transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 1-3 in the vacuum chamber 1-2, a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and is evaporated for rapid heat dissipation, and then the heat is transferred to the channel 1-4A for a fluid medium for corrugated wall with the longer edges and short edges and ultimately blowin cold fluid medium. Since the cooling area is increased, and a heat transfer medium 1-4 is near a heat source, and due to the phase transition of the fluid and process sortproperty heat heat transfer substances all the cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution and cooling area of each device can perform its function to the greatest extent, this feature is absent in the other cooling devices of similar design.

Example 2 implementation

According to figure 2, example 2 is a variation of the integrated heat pipe used for cooling devices that use integrated heat pipe with linear ribbed design for cooling Central processing units of computers or electronic components significant power.

This kind of integrated heat pipe includes a housing 2-1 with a closed chamber 2-2, which has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 2-3, has a thermal conductivity 2-4 on the outside of the vacuum chamber 2-2; conductivity has 2-4 channel 2-4A for the fluid, which has a parallel 13 groups ribbed thin-walled channels 2-4A of the heating side of the enclosure at its opposite end; the inner side of each group ribbed thin-walled channel 2-4A for flowing the Reda is an internal camera teploprovodnyh and connected with a closed vacuum chamber 2-2 and is a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber 2-2; the outer side of each group ribbed thin-walled channel 2-4A for the fluid is a cooling surface teploprovodnyh 2-4, which comes in contact with the cold fluid medium; each group of teploprovodnyh uses the same closed vacuum chamber 2-2 and heat transfer medium 2-3 in the chamber, and each group of teploprovodnyh 2-4 simultaneously independent and are connected to each other; the surface of the wall of the closed vacuum chamber 2-2 and the surface of the wall ribbed thin-walled channel 2-4A for fluid together form a casing 2-1 integrated heat pipe; a closed vacuum chamber 2-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 2-3. To ensure proper heat transfer in an inclined state when the applied types of heat transfer fluid phase transition, the internal space of the closed chamber 2-2 has a built-in absorbing fluid element 2-5.

Corrugated thin-walled channel 2-4A for the fluid may have other curved structure, such as isometric curvilinear ribbed design, radial curvilinear ribbed design, etc. Between two adjacent corrugated ribbed thin-walled channels 2-4A for the fluid can be performed multiple edges, the walls of which will be closely contacted for an increase is the expansion of the cooling area of the heat pipe.

One part of the body 2-1 is made in the form of a simple heat-absorbing end corresponding to the plane of the heat source, and is located above the heat source for the perception of heat. The body transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 2-3 in a vacuum chamber 2-2, a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and is evaporated for rapid heat dissipation, and then the heat is transferred to channel 2-4A for a fluid medium for corrugated wall with long edges and short edges, and eventually the heat is carried away by the cold fluid medium. Since the cooling area is increased and a heat transfer medium 2-3 is near a heat source, and due to the phase transition of the fluid and process sortproperty heat heat transfer substances all the cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution, and the cooling area of each device can perform its function to the greatest extent, this feature is absent in the other cooling devices of similar design.

Example 3 implementation

According to figure 3, example 3 is a variation of the integrated heat pipe used for cooling devices that use thin-walled rectangular tube design for cooling Central processing units of computers or electronic components significantly the power.

This kind of integrated heat pipe includes a housing 3-1 with a closed chamber 3-2, which has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 3-3. Has 11 groups teploprovodnyh 3-4 on the inner side of the closed vacuum chamber 3-2, which is enclosed within a rectangular shell, and left and right end plates 3-6 housing; a heat conductor is channel 3-4A for the fluid, which contains a thin-walled tube of rectangular cross-section and passes through both ends of the end plates 3-6 housing; the outer wall of each thin-walled tubes of rectangular cross-section forms an inner chamber teploprovodnyh 3-4 and is connected with a closed vacuum chamber 3-2 and inside a sealed vacuum chamber 3-2; the inner side of each rectangular thin-walled tube is cooling surface channel 3-4A for the fluid of teploprovodnyh, which comes in contact cold fluid medium; each group of teploprovodnyh shares the same closed vacuum chamber 3-2 and heat transfer environment 3-3 in the chamber, and each group of teploprovodnyh 3-4 independent and are connected to each other; a closed vacuum chamber 3-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 3-3; to ensure proper heat transfer in an inclined position, when used types of heat transfer fluid phase per the course, the internal space of the closed chamber 3-2 has a built-in absorbing fluid element 3-5.

On the inner wall of the thin-walled tube of rectangular cross-section can be performed multiple edges with their closely contacting walls to increase the cooling area of the heat pipe.

The cross-section of thin-walled channel for the fluid may have other shapes, such as round, polygonal, teeth, or other suitable forms.

At least one plane of the hull 3-1 with an absorbing fluid element 3-5 must be made in a simple heat-absorbing end corresponding to the plane of the heat source, and is located above the heat source to absorb heat. The body transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 3-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 3-2, and a heat transfer medium perceive heat or evaporates quickly to dissipate heat, and the heat is transferred to the cold fluid medium in the channel 3-4A for the fluid through a thin wall tubes of rectangular cross-section and ultimately blowin cold fluid medium. Since the cooling area is increased and a heat transfer medium 3-3 is near a heat source, and due to the phase transition of the fluid and process sortproperty heat heat transfer substances all the cooling surface has a uniform RA is the distribution of the temperature, and the cooling area of each device can perform its function to the greatest extent, this feature is absent in the other cooling devices of similar design.

Example 4 implementation

According to figure 4, example 4 implementation is a variation of the integrated heat pipe used for cooling devices based on the integrated heat pipe design mirroring, having a cylindrical body with a uniform distribution 9 tubes and the basis for cooling Central processing units of computers or electronic components high power.

This kind of integrated heat pipe housing is 4-1 with a closed chamber 4-2, which has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 4-3. Has 9 groups of cylindrical teploprovodnyh 4-4 on the outer side of the closed vacuum chamber 4-2. A heat absorbing end of the body 4-1 is a thin-walled structure made of hollow rectangular plate, and the opposite end is a mirror image, this allows us to ensure that the internal camera channel 4-4 for the fluid 9 groups of cylindrical thin-walled tubes and the connection closed vacuum chamber; the inner surface of each group of teploprovodnyh is inside is her camera teploprovodnyh 4-4 and are connected with a closed vacuum chamber 4-2, and is a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber 4-2; the outer surface of each group of teploprovodnyh is cooling surface of the channel 4-4A for the fluid of teploprovodnyh 4-4, which is in contact with the cooling fluid medium. To further increase the cooling area of teploprovodnyh 4-4 12 groups of containers 4-11 parallel hollow thin-walled rectangular plates made between the hollow thin-walled rectangular plates, and they pass through the cylindrical tube; each group teploprovodnyh 4-4 shares the same closed vacuum chamber 4-2 and heat transfer environment 4-3 in the chamber, and each group of teploprovodnyh 4-4 independent and are connected to each other; a closed vacuum chamber 4-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 4-3; to ensure proper heat transfer in an inclined position, when used types of heat transfer fluid phase transition, the internal space of the closed chamber 4-2 has a built-in absorbing fluid element 4-5.

At least one part of the body 4-1 is made in the form of a simple heat-absorbing end corresponding to the plane of the heat source, and is located above the heat source for the perception of heat. The body transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 4-3 in a vacuum chamber 4-2, heat the environment I perceive heat or evaporate for fast heat dissipation, and then the heat is transferred to channel 4-4A to the fluid by a thin wall cylindrical tubes and ultimately blowin cold fluid medium. Since the cooling area is increased and a heat transfer medium 3-3 is near a heat source, and due to the phase transition of the fluid and process sortproperty heat heat transfer substances, all the cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution, and the cooling area of each device can perform its function to the greatest extent, this feature is absent in the other cooling devices of similar design.

Example 5 implementation

According to figure 5, example 5 implementation is a variation of the integrated heat pipe used for crystallization systems continuous casting ingot by the method of continuous casting and steel in metallurgy.

This kind of integrated heat pipe includes a housing 5-1 with a closed chamber 5-2, which has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 5-3. Has a thermal conductivity 5-4 inside a closed chamber 5-2 enclosed in a cylindrical casing 5-1 (or in the case with other appropriate forms), and end plates 5-3 enclosure; a heat absorbing chamber 5-1A in the casing 5-1 serves as a heat-absorbing end, which is adjacent to the graphite sleeve 5-12; the Central hole in the graphite sleeve 5-12 is a channel for molten metal, this is 5-15 inlet for liquid casting and 5-16 is an issue for ingot casting; 5-13 for lubricating oil is made between the heat-absorbing chamber 5-1A and graphite sleeve; conductivity 5-4 contains 80 groups of thin-walled tubes of circular cross-section, which pass through both ends of the end plates 5-6; the outer surface of the wall of each tube is an internal camera teploprovodnyh 5-4, is connected with the closed vacuum chamber and is inside a sealed vacuum chamber; the inner surface of the wall of each tube is cooling surface channel 5-4A for fluid each teploprovodnyh, which comes in contact with the cold fluid medium; each group of teploprovodnogo shares the same closed vacuum chamber 5-2 and heat transfer environment 5-3 in the chamber, and each group of teploprovodnyh 5-4 independent and are connected to each other; a closed vacuum chamber 4-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 5-3; to ensure proper heat transfer to the heat-absorbing chamber 5-1A, which acts as a heat-absorbing end when used types of heat transfer fluid phase transition, the inner wall of the heat-absorbing chamber 5-2 has a built-in absorbing fluid element 5-5.

In the process talkpages is the one camera 5-1A, which passes through the end plates at both ends of the casing 5-1, serves as a heat absorbing end and in contact with the graphite sleeve 5-12 to absorb heat from the heat source, and heat is transferred to the heat transfer medium 5-3, which absorbs the heat and is evaporated with heat dissipation, and the heat is transferred to the cold fluid medium in the channel 5-4A for the fluid through a thin-walled tube of circular cross-section, and eventually the heat is carried away by the cold fluid medium, resulting in a hot fluid which comes in contact with the graphite sleeve, quickly cooled to the molding.

The cross-section of channel 5-4A for the fluid may also have other suitable shapes: rectangular, polygonal, gear, etc.

Auxiliary channel 5-8 for the fluid is made between the upper surface and the lower surface of the housing 5-1 is connected to channel 5-4A for the fluid and has an input 5-9.

Heat-absorbing camera 5-1A may have other suitable shapes: rectangular, polygonal, gear, etc., 5-14 is a hole, spraying cold water for cooling cast ingots.

Example 6 implementation

According to Fig.6, the example 6 implementation is a kind of heat pipe used for cold modules based on the integrated heat pipe DL the production of bulk metallic materials according to the method of rapid solidification. For this integrated heat pipe other sources of cooling or additional auxiliary cooling device is not required. They can be used single or connect two by two.

This kind of integrated heat pipe includes a housing 6-1 with a closed chamber 6-2, which is filled with a heat transfer medium 6-3. The heat absorbing end of the 6-1A of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat tube, made on the outer side of the closed chamber 6-2 and is the plane of the heat pipe; heat conductor 6-4 is in a closed vacuum chamber 6-2, which is enclosed in the housing 6-1 integrated heat pipe having a heat-absorbing design; thermal conductivity 6-4 the heat-sink design 6-4A made of metal materials with high thermal conductivity and high thermal capacity, and has a sufficiently large surface area for absorption and heat storage (heat-sink design 6-4b is essentially the end of the removal of latent heat, made within an integrated heat tubes); heat-sink design 6-4b is designed as a group of spirally twisted foil of red copper with a large surface area; each layer has sufficient space for heat transfer environment 6-3 for heat transfer; a hole between the at layers facing to the heat-absorbing end; a closed vacuum chamber 6-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 6-3. Case 6-1 and its heat-absorbing end of the 6-1A comprise a heat-sink design 6-4b in a closed chamber 6-2, which has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 6-3, thereby forming an integrated heat pipe with heat sink design.

Heat-sink design 6-4b may be made of metal foil, thread, wire in the form of a honeycomb, floc, fiber, film or spirally twisted scaly or overlapping layers, in the form of thin tubes, or combinations thereof.

Part of the housing 6-1 is heated by plane. To ensure proper heat transfer in the heating plane heat pipe outer rim of the closed vacuum chamber 6-2 and the inner wall surface of the heating plate must be absorbing fluid element 6-5, if used for heat transfer phase change heat transfer medium.

According to this invention it is possible to use a single heat pipe, or dual heat pipes, or even a set of thermal tubes.

If the heat pipe is used in the singular, then a plate of material with high thermal conductivity, for example of red copper, should be installed between talapoosa the bot Tom end of the heat pipe and the other end plate of a material with high thermal conductivity, such as red copper; a heat absorbing end, end plate and the plate must be connected by bolts. In the middle of the plate, made a hole and a channel for molten metal and an output channel; a heat absorbing end, the end plate and the plate is made with the education of their thermal camera 6-1A. When the molten metal for casting is poured into thermal chamber 6-1A, heat can be quickly transferred from the heat-absorbing end of the 6-1A heat pipe in heat transfer environment 6-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 6-2, where heat can be absorbed by a heat transfer medium or quickly dissipated by evaporation of the heat transfer medium; and, ultimately, the heat transferred to the liquid phase, or a material with good heat transfer properties, it is possible to disperse and absorb quickly through each layer of helically twisted film or foil with a large surface area. The melt with an instant release of potential energy of solidification and critical thermal energy keeps the molecular structure of the liquid alloy in close, chaotic and disorderly condition, and ultimately providing instant solidification of the metal material is non-crystalline, crystalline or quasi-crystalline state.

The efficiency of heat transfer can be improved by introducing a material with a high coefficient of TopLop is bednesti (for example, the plate is made of red copper and having an inlet for casting and an outlet for air between the two tubes. As a complete tube, you can use three or more tubes.

Example 7 implementation

According to Fig.7, the example 7 implementation is a kind of heat pipe used for rotating a roller with an integrated heat pipe in the form of a bundle of tubes for the production of metal strip through a process of rapid solidification.

This kind of integrated heat pipe includes a housing 7-1 with a closed vacuum chamber 7-2, which is filled with a heat transfer medium 7-3. The distinctive feature of this heat pipe is that the heat-absorbing end of the housing 7-1 round cross-section and a rectangular vertical cross-section located on the outer side of the closed chamber; a heat conductor is installed in a vacuum chamber 7-2 enclosed in a cylindrical housing 7-1 and between the end plates 7-6 enclosure; a heat conductor 7-4 is a thin-walled channel 7-4A for liquid and contains 110 groups of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section, and it passes through both ends of the end plates 7-6 enclosure; external surface of each thin-walled tube is an internal camera teploprovodnyh 7-4 and are connected with a closed vacuum chamber 7-2 and inside it; each in the morning the surface of the thin-walled tubes of circular cross section is channel 7-4A of teploprovodnyh 7-4 and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh 7-4, which comes in contact with cold liquid; each group of teploprovodnyh shares the same closed vacuum chamber 7-2 and heat transfer environment 7-3 inside a sealed vacuum chamber 7-2; with each group teploprovodnyh 7-4 is not only independent, but also connected to each other; a closed chamber 7-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 7-3; to ensure proper heat transfer, when the roller rotates at low speed, the outer rim of the closed vacuum chamber 7-2 and the inner surface of the casing wall 7-1 should have built into them an absorbent liquid element 7-5, if used for heat transfer phase change heat transfer medium.

In the process, the outer surface of the cylindrical body, 7-1, serving as a heat absorbing end is in contact with sources of heat and absorbs heat, and then transfers the heat to the heat transfer medium 7-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 7-2, where the heat is absorbed by a heat transfer medium or quickly dissipated by the evaporation heat transfer medium, and then the heat can be submitted in the cold fluid in the channel 7-4A for fluid through each group of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section, and ultimately heat sources heat will be carried away in the cold liquid for rapid solidification of the hot liquid metal in contact with the surface of the cylindrical body 7-1.

The cross section of the channel 7-4A for liquids can have different forms: rectangular, gear, etc.

Auxiliary channel 7-8 for the fluid are performed on both ends of the housing, is connected with channel 7-4A for the fluid and has an input 7-9 for entry and exit of fluid. Case 7-1 installed on the rotation axis, resulting in this swath of melting with a bundle of tubes is a rotator.

The heat-absorbing section of the camera 10-1A may have other suitable shapes: round, rectangular, serrated or a combination of these forms.

The vertical cross section of the heat-absorbing end may be extended or have other suitable forms, is used for the rotation.

The form of thin-walled channel 7-4A for the fluid may also have other suitable shapes: rectangular, polygonal, gear, etc.

The present invention provides a specific mechanism of heat transfer using a liquid medium, which has the following characteristics:

a) having a round cross-section housing 7-1 heat pipe will serve as the surface of the heat-absorbing end for contacting with a heat source to absorb heat when it rotates at high speed; it will transfer heat absorbed through the surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end of her body, the heat transfer medium 7-3 in the same Zack is itoi vacuum chamber 7-2, which is discarded to the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the centrifugal force, where the heat is absorbed by a heat transfer medium 7-3, and a heat transfer medium 7-3 quickly evaporates and dissipates heat; saturated water vapor fills the closed space of the vacuum chamber 7-2 and passes through the low-temperature thin-walled channel 7-4 for liquid, thus instantly condenses on the surface of thin-walled channel 7-4 for liquids, and carry out the evaporating heat is produced, and then the heat is transferred thin-walled channel 7-4 for fluid in the cold fluid in the outer chamber 7-4A thin-walled channel for the liquid, and ultimately the heat absorbed by the heat pipe will be gone cold liquid. With the accumulation of condensed liquid on the surface of thin-walled channel for liquid, she again dropped to the internal wall surface of the heat-absorbing end under the influence of centrifugal force, and begins a new cycle of heat transfer, and thus he repeats. This method provides a large surface radiation, uses the phase transition for the implementation of the uniform heat transfer in isothermal surface.

The centrifugal force of rotation of the heat pipe provides the passage of fluid in a heat absorbing end and value the positive reduces the stagnation heat interphase during the heat of the phase transition, and therefore optimum heat transfer efficiency.

b) Having a round cross-section housing 7-1 serves as a heat-absorbing end for contacting with a heat source and the heat absorption when it is rotating at low speed, it will transfer heat absorbed through the surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end of the housing in heat transfer fluid 7-3 in the same closed vacuum chamber 7-2, which will be coupled with the inner wall surface of the absorbing liquid element 7-5 heat pipe due to adhesive forces, and there is warmth can be absorbed by a heat transfer medium 7-3 and quickly evaporate with heat dissipation. Saturated water vapor fills the closed space of the vacuum chamber 7-2 and passes through the low-temperature thin-walled channel 7-4 for liquid and instantly condenses on the surface of thin-walled channel 7-4 for liquids, and is carried out by evaporation of the heat is produced, and then the heat is transferred thin-walled channel 7-4 for fluid in the cold fluid on the outside of the closed chamber 7-4A thin-walled channel for the liquid, and ultimately heat pipe heat will be carried away in the cold liquid. The accumulation of condensed liquid on the surface of thin-walled channel for liquids it is returned to its lowest position for rytas camera 7-2 heat pipe under its own weight; liquid medium 7-3 will come in absorbing fluid element heat tube under the influence of capillary forces, and it will again be put in a position where it can come into contact with heat sources, and thus will begin a new cycle again repeated. This method provides a large surface radiation, uses the phase transition for the implementation of the uniform heat transfer in isothermal surface. The capillary force of the absorbing liquid element heat tube and the adhesive forces of the liquid medium heat pipes ensure the passage of the liquid medium in the heat-absorbing end, resulting in optimal heat transfer.

Example 8 implementation

On Fig shows the integrated heat pipe of example 8 implementation with internal gear camera (or it can be called a closed corrugated thin-walled configuration), in which the roller rotates with integrated heat pipe used for the preparation of continuous casting and rolling metal thin stripes in metallurgy.

This kind of integrated heat pipe contains a closed vacuum chamber 8-2 and case 7-1 filled with a heat transfer medium 8-3, and has the following characteristics: cross-section of the heat-absorbing end 8-1 body heat pipe is round, and it is rikaline rectangular cross-section, and a heat absorbing end is on the side of the closed chamber 8-2; conductivity 8-4 installed inside a sealed vacuum chamber 8-2, which consists of a casing 8-1 cylindrical section and an end plate 8-6 enclosure; a heat conductor 8-4 consists of 12 groups (or one group of 12 thin-walled tubes of camera gear inner section of thin-walled channel 8-4A for the fluid, which passes through both ends end plate 8-6 enclosure; each side of the inner wall of the tooth thin-walled tube camera gear inner section is an internal camera teploprovodnyh 8-4, which is installed inside a sealed vacuum chamber 8-2 and communicates with all other; external the surface of the wall of each section of the internal gear camera is channel 8-4A for fluid teploprovodnyh 8-4 and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh 8-4 which is in contact with cold liquid; each group of teploprovodnyh together with the other uses a closed vacuum chamber 8-2 and heat transfer environment 8-3 inside a sealed vacuum chamber 8-2; each group of teploprovodnyh 8-4 is not only independent, but also communicated with each other; a closed vacuum chamber 8-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 8-3; to ensure the normal heat transfer, when the swath presets is at low speed, the outer rim of the closed vacuum chamber 8-2 should be closed and absorbing fluid element 8-5 heat pipe should be provided on the inner wall of the housing 8-1, if the liquid heat transfer medium is used as a material with a phase transition for heat transfer.

In the process, the heat-absorbing end surface side of the rotating cylindrical body 8-1 in contact with sources of heat and absorbs heat, and then transfers the heat to the heat transfer medium 8-3 in the same closed vacuum chamber 8-2 at the same time, and there is warmth can be absorbed by a heat transfer medium or quickly dissipate by evaporation of the heat transfer medium, and then the heat is transferred to the cold fluid in the channel 8-4A for liquids with each group of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section, and eventually the heat will be carried away by the cold fluid to the hot fluid on the surface contacted all camera 8-1 quickly hardened.

Thin-walled tube with an inner section in the form of a gear chamber may form a segment of the channel 8-4A for liquids having an uneven shape.

Auxiliary channel 8-8 for fluid output-input 8-9 for liquids, made on the left and right end plates of the casing 8-1, which communicates with the channel for the liquid.

Case 8-1 will be installed on the C rotation therefore, a rotating roller with a bundle of tubes is a body of rotation.

The vertical cross section of the heat-absorbing end 7-1 body heat pipe may have a cylindrical shape, and rotation are also suitable, and other suitable forms.

The present invention provides a specific mechanism of heat transfer when used in a liquid environment; the characteristics of this mechanism are the following:

a) having a round cross-section housing 8-1 heat pipe will serve as a heat-absorbing end for contacting with a heat source to absorb heat when it is operating at high speed; it will transfer heat absorbed through the surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end of her body, the heat transfer medium 8-3 in the same closed vacuum chamber 8-2, which is discarded to the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the centrifugal force, where the heat is absorbed by a heat transfer medium 8-3, a heat transfer medium 8-3 quickly evaporates and dissipates heat. Saturated water vapor fills the closed space of the vacuum chamber 8-2 and passes through the low-temperature thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquid, instantly condenses on the surface of thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquids, and carry out the evaporating heat is produced, and then the heat transfer is fast thin-walled channel 8-4 for fluid in the cold fluid out of the closed chamber 8-4A thin-walled channel for liquid, and, ultimately, the heat absorbed by the heat pipe will be carried out cold liquid. With the accumulation of condensed liquid on the surface of thin-walled channel for liquid, she again dropped to the internal wall surface of the heat-absorbing end under the influence of centrifugal force, and begins a new cycle of heat transfer, and thus he repeats. This method provides a large surface thermal radiation, uses the phase transition for the implementation of the uniform heat transfer in isothermal surface. The centrifugal force of rotation of the heat pipe provides the passage of fluid in telepopmusic end and significantly reduces the stagnation heat interphase during the heat of the phase transition, and thus provides optimum heat transfer efficiency.

b) Having a round cross-section housing 8-1 serves as a heat-absorbing end for contacting with a heat source and the heat absorption when it is rotating at low speed, it will transfer heat absorbed through the surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end of the housing in heat transfer fluid 8-3 in the same closed vacuum chamber 8-2, which will be coupled with the inner wall surface of the absorbing liquid element 8-5 heat energy to the tube due to adhesive forces, this heat can be absorbed by a heat transfer medium 8-3 and quickly dissipate by evaporation of the heat transfer medium 8-3; saturated water vapor fills the closed space of the vacuum chamber 8-2, passes through the low-temperature thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquid and instantly condenses on the surface of thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquids, carried out by the evaporation heat is produced there, and then the heat is transferred thin-walled channel 8-4 for fluid in the cold fluid on the outside of the closed chamber 8-4A thin-walled channel for the liquid, and ultimately heat pipe heat will be carried away in the cold liquid. The accumulation of condensed liquid on the surface of thin-walled channel for liquids it is returned to its lowest position closed chamber 8-2 heat pipe under its own weight; liquid environment 8-3 will come in absorbing fluid element 8-5 heat pipe under the influence of capillary forces, and it will again be put in a position where it can come into contact with heat sources, and thus will begin a new cycle again repeated. This method provides a large surface radiation, uses the phase transition for the implementation of the uniform heat transfer in isothermal surface. The capillary force of the absorbing liquid e is ment heat pipe and the adhesive forces of the liquid medium heat pipes ensure the passage of the liquid medium in the heat-absorbing end, resulting in optimal heat transfer.

Example 9 implementation

According to figure 9, example 9 implementation is a variation of the backward cone radial linear ribbed design applied to the nozzle of a plasma welding and cutting.

This integrated heat pipe, comprising a housing 9-1 with a closed chamber 9-2 filled with a heat transfer medium 9-3 has a circular heat-absorbing chamber 9-1A, which passes through the cross section of the casing and is located on the heat-absorbing end of the building 9-1, its vertical cross-section has the form of an inverted trapezoid; the conductivity 9-4 is located on the side of the closed vacuum chamber 9-2; conductivity 9-4 has a thin-walled channel 9-4A for the fluid with linear radial distribution 12 long edges and coincides with the axis of the heat pipe; the inner side of each long edge is an internal camera teploprovodnyh 9-4, and it is connected with a closed vacuum chamber 9-2 and with the continuation of a closed vacuum chamber 9-2; outer side of each of the long edges is cooling surface channel 9-4A for the fluid of teploprovodnyh 9-4, which comes in contact with the cold fluid medium; each group of teploprovodnyh shares closed chamber 9-2 and heat transfer environment 9-3 closed in chumney chamber 9-2; each group of teploprovodnyh 9-4 is independent and connected to each other; the surface of the wall of the closed vacuum chamber 9-2 and the surface of the wall of the channel 9-4A for the fluid with a corrugated radial linear ribbed design together form a housing 9-1 integrated heat pipe; a closed vacuum chamber 9-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 9-3; when using heat transfer types of fluid phase transition inner wall of the heat-absorbing chamber 9-1A in a closed vacuum chamber 9-2 is installed on the absorbing liquid element 9-5.

Cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber 9-1A chassis 9-1 may have other shapes: rectangular, polygonal, etc.

To accelerate the convection cooling by cold air external enclosure 9-10 adjacent to the outer rim of corrugated thin-walled channel 9-4A for the liquid.

Corrugated thin-walled channel 9-4A for liquids may have other curved surface, such as curved radial ribs, etc. To increase the cooling surface of the heat pipe some edges in direct contact with the walls of the channel must be established between the adjacent corrugated thin-walled channels 9-4A for the fluid.

Case 9-1 is threaded for connection with the set on the outer side of the equipment.

The closed chamber 9-1A chassis 9-1 transfers the absorbed heat through the surface of its wall heat transfer medium 9-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 9-2; a heat transfer medium absorbs heat or evaporates quickly with high heat dissipation, and it is then transferred into a lateral channel 9-4A for the fluid through the surface of the wall corrugated linear ribbed thin wall and ultimately carried away by the cold fluid. Since the cooling area is increased and a heat transfer medium 9-3 is near a heat source, and because this is a phase transition of the fluid and the process sortproperty having a high thermal efficiency heat transfer substances, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution and the cooling area of each element can perform its function to the maximum extent in contrast to other nozzles similar designs and nozzles with straight heat pipes.

Example 10 implementation

According to figure 10, example 10 implementation shows a heat exchanger with integrated heat pipe complex cross-sections and used for heat exchange of two kinds of fluid.

This heat pipe includes a housing 10-1 with a closed chamber 10-2 filled with a heat transfer medium 10-3 has a thin-walled heat-absorbing chamber 10-1A with the surface, the con is ur which has the shape of a heart and which radially distributed in 12 groups round tube along the axis of the heat pipe, installed on the heat-absorbing end of the housing and passing through the two end cover 11-1; the conductivity of 10-4 is located on the outer side of the sealed vacuum chamber; a conductivity of 10-4 has a thin-walled channel 10-4A for the fluid, which is radially distributed 48 long edges along the axis of the heating chamber 10-1a; the inner side of each edge is an internal camera teploprovodnyh 10-4 and is connected to the vacuum chamber 10-2 and with the continuation of the vacuum chamber 10-2; outer side of each rib is cooling surface of the channel 10-4A for the fluid of teploprovodnyh 10-4, which is in contact with the cold fluid medium; each group of teploprovodnyh shares closed chamber 10-2 and heat transfer environment 10-3 in the vacuum chamber; each group of teploprovodnyh 10-4 is independent and connected with each other group; heat-absorbing camera 10-1a of the shell, thin-walled channel 10-4A for teploprovodnyh and two end cover 10-1 interlock and form a closed chamber 10-2 and body heat pipe; a closed vacuum chamber 10-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 10-3; if applied phase transition heat transfer medium to effect the heat transfer, the surface of the wall of a closed chamber, corresponding to the heating chamber 10-1a must have item is glashouse fluid element 10-5; the middle part of the auxiliary channel 10-11 for the fluid located between the two ends of the housing 10-1 contains thin-walled channel 10-4A for the fluid. These elements and the heat pipe together to form the heat exchanger on the basis of integrated heat pipe having a plane mixed form.

When making hot heat exchange fluid passes in heat-absorbing chamber 10-1a through the output-input 10-10 and the auxiliary channel 10-12 for the fluid and then is transferred to the surface of the wall heat transfer medium 10-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 10-2; a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and is evaporated, quickly dissipating the heat and then the heat is transferred to the side channel 10-4A for the fluid through each group corrugated radial linear ribbed thin walls and ultimately blowin cold fluid medium. Since the cooling area is increased and a heat transfer medium 10-3 is near a heat source, and because this is a phase transition of the fluid and the process sortproperty having a high thermal efficiency heat transfer substances, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution and the cooling area of each element can perform its function to the maximum extent; it is possible to carry out heat exchange between the fluid in nebolshaya, and allows a corresponding increase of heat transfer coefficient.

To account for the gravity of this cooling device based on the heat pipe is used in a vertical position or at an angle if you are using a working fluid medium.

The heat-absorbing section of the camera 10-1A may have other suitable shapes: round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or a combination.

The cross-section of thin-walled channel 10-4A for the fluid may have other suitable shapes, such as curved radial ribbed form, or a combination of round, rectangular, polygonal, jagged shape, etc. and may be configured as a thin-walled closed tube channel for the fluid, which passes through both end caps 10-1 corps, respectively.

Example 11 implementation

According to 11, example 11 is heat pipe used for rotors with integrated heat pipe, with the plane of the mixed form for generators and motors.

This integrated heat pipe includes a housing 11-1 with a closed chamber 11-2 filled with a heat transfer medium 11-3. Its external cylindrical shell is a heat-absorbing end 11-6; there are three sets of radial linear thin-walled chambers 11-6A, which vosprinimat the t heat; a heat absorbing end is located on the outer side of the sealed vacuum chamber; a heat conductor 11-4, which passes through the two end cover is thin-walled channel 11-4A to the fluid and is radially spaced 16 long edges, coaxially with the axis of the heat pipe; the inner side of each edge is an internal camera teploprovodnyh 11-4, is connected with the vacuum chamber 11-2 and is a continuation of the vacuum chamber 11-2; outer side of each rib is cooling surface of the channel 11-4A to the fluid of teploprovodnyh 11-4 and in contact with the cooling fluid medium; each group of teploprovodnyh shares closed chamber 11-2 and heat transfer environment 11-3 in the vacuum chamber; each group of teploprovodnyh 11-4 is an independent and connected with each other group; a heat absorbing end 11-6 body, thin-walled channel 11-4A to the fluid and two end cover 10-1 interlock and form a closed chamber 10-2 and body heat pipe; a closed vacuum chamber 10-2 has a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium 11-3; if applied phase transition heat transfer medium to effect the heat transfer, the surface of the wall of a closed chamber, corresponding to the heating chamber 11-6A, consisting of 3 groups of linear radial ribs talapov sausege end, must have an absorbent liquid element 11-5; the axis of the rotor and the middle part of the auxiliary channel 11-8 for the fluid located between the two ends of the housing 11-1 contains thin-walled channel 11-4A to the fluid. These elements and the heat pipe together form the body of the rotor plane mixed form.

Thin-walled heating chamber 11-6A with radial and linear arrangement of the ribs can be made in accordance with the heat source of the rotor; the heat generated by the heat source of the rotor, is passed in heat transfer environment 11-3 in a closed chamber 11-2 through thin-walled heating chamber 11-6A with radial and linear edges, then a heat transfer medium 1-3 perceives heat and evaporates with heat dissipation, and the heat is transferred to the cold fluid medium in the channel 4-4 and for the fluid in each group ribbed thin walls, and ultimately blowin cold fluid medium. Since the cooling area is increased and a heat transfer medium 3-3 is near a heat source, and through the use of the phase transition fluid process sortproperty having a high thermal efficiency heat transfer substances, all the cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution and high efficiency of heat transfer, as a result, increases the cooling effect and increases the I safety and reliability of the rotor.

The form of thin-walled channel 11-4A to the fluid may also have other suitable shapes: the shape of the curved radial ribs and the like; or may have a thin-walled tubular channel for the fluid enclosed in several groups of tubes of circular, rectangular, polygonal, jagged shape, etc. and passing through two end cover 11-1.

Industrial applicability

The present invention takes advantage of the variety of designs ends of the heat-absorbing body heat pipes and placement of transfer medium in a closed chamber in position adjacent to the heating surface, to reduce contact between the heat source and heat resistance; the advantages of placing teploprovodnyh on the outer and/or inner sides of the closed chamber to receive the largest surface cooling in the lowest amount of; sortproperty transfer medium for heat transfer near teploprovodnyh in cooling end to increase the speed and capacity of heat transfer. The present invention is applicable to the contact heat sources, and for which fluid medium heat and provides the following advantages: low thermal resistance, a large area of cooling and high speed heat transfer and so what.

The present invention also has the advantage of various applications in several fields of technology, including the cooling of solids that come into contact with heat sources, in accordance with the principle of heat transfer, such as cooling the CPU or maps of computers and electronic components, high power, etc., rotating heat sources in rotating shafts, for example the cooling rolls in the production of metal strips using the method of rapid solidification; rolls and casting circles for continuous casting in the steel industry; the cooling of the rotors of electric motors and turbine rotors, and the like; cooling used for the crystallization process for continuous casting in the steel industry and for the manufacture of wire through a process of rapid solidification, cooling of rotors in the motors, engines and similar mechanical drive rotors, cooling, used in the production of bulk metallic materials in non-crystalline, crystalline or quasi-crystalline state using a process of rapid solidification in the production of metal materials of new type; cooling plasma welding torches and cutting torches, plasma torches for atomization of paint, nozzles welding guns for electron beam welding nozzles pistols for Dogo the second welding etc.

The above description and examples are only explanatory objective and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Other characteristics, features and objectives of the present invention are explained by means of drawings and claims. Assume that within the essence and scope of this invention and its formula can be developed and others of its implementation.

The documents referenced above are included in the present description fully by reference.

1. Integrated heat pipe, comprising a housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having a heat transfer medium containing a group of teploprovodnogo connected to the closed chamber of the integrated heat pipe outside, inside, or outside and inside, with each group is in contact with the closed chamber and a heat transfer medium in a closed chamber, and a heat transfer medium is a liquid medium capable of heat transfer due to phase transition, or is highly effective as a heat transfer medium, which uses other types of thermal conductivity, while teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid to dissipate heat by cooling the fluid, or in the form of heat-absorbing design for heat absorption, and when Teplopribor the key is made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, thin-walled channel for a fluid medium is a corrugated curved surface, and when teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid and connected to a closed chamber inside, thin-walled channel for the fluid is a closed tube, when teploprovodnymi made in the form of a heat sink structure with good thermal conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material or made in the form of their combinations, and teploprovodnymi made in the form of heat end, and a body or part of the body is in the form of a heat-absorbing end.

2. The tube according to claim 1, in which the thin-walled channel for a fluid medium is a corrugated curved surface, when teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, and corrugated curved surface is parallel, perpendicular or parallel and perpendicular to the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, while the inner cavity of each group of teploprovodnogo are the continuation of the closed chamber, and the outer shell closed chamber and the outer shell of thin-walled channel for the fluid to form the housing, the outside curved surface formed by the channel of the cooling fluid, and a curved surface of a thin-walled channel for the fluid is ribbed surface, evenly or unevenly distributed speakers, surface in the form of an inverted "U" or their combination.

3. The tube according to claim 1, in which the thin-walled channel for the fluid is a closed tube, when teploprovodnymi made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid and connected to a closed chamber inside from the entrance of fluid to exit the fluid channel for fluid medium it passes through an enclosed chamber between the two sides of a closed chamber between the two adjacent sides of a closed chamber or through one side of the closed chamber, and inside the thin-walled channel for the fluid is formed a channel for the cooling fluid.

4. The tube according to claim 3, in which the cross-section of thin-walled channel for the fluid has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear, or other suitable shape, or a combination of both.

5. The tube according to claim 1, in which the distance between the layers, providing sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, which when teploprovodnymi made in the form of a heat sink structure, made of bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, with openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end.

6. The tube according to claim 5, in which the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof.

7. The tube according to claim 3, in which the conductivity or heat-absorbing end to have a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, and provides additional channels for cold, hot, or hot and cold fluid, connected to the two sides, with additional channels for fluid surrounded by corrugated ribbed curved surface of thin-walled channels for fluid or the relevant part of the end cap of thin-walled channel in the form of a closed tube.

8. The tube according to claim 1, in which the conductivity of thin-walled channel for the fluid has a straight shape, a curved ribbed shape, a straight ribbed shape of the mirror relative to the housing, the shape of an inverted "U", or their combination, or thin-walled channel for a fluid medium in closed tubes passing through the closed the case the camera from two opposite or adjacent sides of a closed chamber, when this heat-sink end, the body or part of the housing on the opposite side of the corrugated curved surface of thin-walled channels for the fluid, or on the side, parallel, thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, passes through two opposite sides of the closed chamber, and the outer shape of the heat-absorbing end conforms to the shape of the heat source, the external shape is smooth and flat or matches the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping for quite a snug fit, and, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid heat transfer medium, heat-absorbing bottom part, leading to a closed chamber, installed absorbing liquid element.

9. The tube according to claim 1, additionally containing part of the housing surrounding an enclosed chamber for the heat-absorbing end having a cross-section of the outside round shape and a longitudinal cross-section of rectangular, cylindrical or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, the group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and located within a closed chamber and passing through the closed the case the camera between the two opposing sides perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, while the cross-section of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable form, or their combination, the group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery of the axis of the heat tube and having a curved ribbed shape or other appropriate shape of a curved surface, or a combination, additional channels for the fluid connected to the thin-walled channels for the fluid and the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat absorbing surface of the housing, and additional channels for a fluid are the input and output openings for the cold fluid at this, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the inner surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the housing, and the outer round surface of the heat-absorbing end of the case is made with the possibility of absorption during the rotation, heat of solidification and cooling of the melt or heat conducted to the surface through the contact and the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium and rasei is correspondingly thin-walled channels for the fluid.

10. The tube according to claim 1, in which the casing is closed and corrugated curved surface on the heat-absorbing end surrounds an enclosed chamber and is located on the circuit design of rotation, having a cross section with more than three groups evenly or symmetrically ribbed curved surfaces with equal or unequal height, with thin channels in the form of a closed tube, or closed and corrugated curved surface located on the periphery contain heat dissipating end located in a closed chamber and passing through it between two opposite sides of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, and the cross-section of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the closed the tube has a circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable form, or their combination, with a closed and corrugated curved surface located on the periphery, has a curved ribbed form, and additional channels for the fluid connected with the thin-walled channels for the fluid and the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat absorbing surface of the housing, with additional channels for a fluid are the input and output openings for the cold fluid, when it is, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the inner surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the casing, and the casing is closed and corrugated curved surface located on the outside of the structure of the rotation, made in the form of heat-absorbing surface for absorbing during the rotation of heat from the shaft and a heat source inside of the shaft, or heat from an external hot fluid medium, with the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium and, ultimately, scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

11. The tube according to claim 1, in which a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of heat-absorbing chamber, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber has an internal circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear, or other suitable shape, and the heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled channels for the fluid, representing a corrugated ribbed surface or a curved ribbed surface parallel to the lane or anticolana axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, or thin-walled channel for a fluid medium in closed tubes passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber; and a cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, wherein, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber traverses the vacuum chamber, and an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the bottom surface the absorbing liquid member, a closed vacuum chamber integrated heat pipe surrounded the end covers, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber and a thin-walled channels for the fluid, and an additional channel for fluid passage for cooling water surrounds the thin-walled channel for the fluid with a corrugated ribbed curved surface, or the relevant parts of the end cap of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, and the heat-absorbing chamber through th is provodnosti absorbs heat, released by hardening and cooling of the flowing melt, while the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium, ultimately, scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

12. The tube according to claim 1, in which the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through two opposite sides of the housing in a closed chamber, with the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or other form, in this case, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, with layers spaced out enough to provide sufficient heat transfer to the transfer medium, and the holes between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, agosaudi fluid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and by conduction of heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the solidification and cooling of the ongoing melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

13. The tube according to claim 1, in which the building or part thereof, made in the form of heat-absorbing end is smooth and flat, or the corresponding heat-absorbing end of the other heat pipe, and two heat pipes are connected to a molded plate of metal of high conductivity, containing a cavity, with molded plate has channels for hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe and molded plate of metal of high conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate for the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface and connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or their combination is AI, and heat-sink design also folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, and the layers are spaced out enough to provide sufficient heat transfer to the heat transfer medium, with holes between layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end and, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with vacuum chamber, with heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat absorbs the heat generated from the curing and cooling of the passing of the melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

14. The tube according to claim 1, in which the building or part thereof, made in the form of heat-absorbing end is smooth and flat, or the corresponding metal terminal plate with high thermal conductivity, and the heat pipe and the end plate are connected with molded PLA is Tina from metal of high conductivity, containing cavity, while the molded plate has channels for hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe, a metal end plate of metal of high thermal conductivity and a molded plate of metal of high thermal conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate for the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, and the layers are spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer to the heat transfer medium, with holes between layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder is CA or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and the heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat absorbs the heat generated from the curing and cooling of the passing of the melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

15. The tube according to claim 1, in which a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of heat-absorbing chamber, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round internal shape or another suitable shape, and the longitudinal section of the heat-absorbing cavities has an external shape of a rectangle, inverted cone or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, a heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of channel for cold fluid, parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber with a longitudinal cross-section having an external shape of a rectangle, inverted cone, or a form suitable for interaction with corrugated curved surface or ribbed surface located on the surface of rotation, or serrated surface located on the surface of rotation in the form perevernuto down cone, or corrugated curved surface for thin-walled channel for the fluid, uniformly or non-uniformly located on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted down cone, and outside corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid surrounding the body for the formation of an additional channel for the fluid to expedite the flow of cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and by conduction of heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat high temperature fluid medium, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the thin channel for the fluid and, ultimately, dispersed by a cold fluid passing from the outside of corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid.

16. The tube according to claim 1, in which a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of many groups of heat-absorbing chambers, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the transverse CE is the group of heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, toothed inner shape or another suitable shape, or a combination of both, heat dissipating end of the heat pipe, made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber and having a corrugated curved surface or a curved ribbed surface on the outside of the closed chamber, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the bottom surface of the absorbing the liquid element, while the heat-absorbing chamber, a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber and the end cover, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber is surrounded by an enclosed chamber heat pipe, and the additional channel for the hot fluid medium from the inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds two sides of the end cap of the housing, with an additional channel for the cold fluid from the inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid among the s surrounds the corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber, and the heat pipe forms a heat exchanger with an integrated heat pipe for effecting heat exchange between two kinds of fluid.

17. The tube according to any one of p-14, used for heat dissipation in the manufacture of workpieces non-crystalline, microcrystalline and subcritical bystrozatverdevshikh metal.

18. Integrated heat pipe, comprising a housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having a heat transfer medium, comprising a housing or part of the body made in the form of heat-absorbing end, a group of heat-absorbing cavities, which extend through the housing, mounted in a closed chamber, an outer shell surrounding an enclosed chamber, representing a rotation design surrounding an enclosed chamber, or the rotation design surrounding an enclosed chamber with a corrugated curved surface located on the designs of rotation, an end surface or portion of the end surface, which is perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, the external shape of the heat-absorbing end conforms to the shape of the heat source for dense landing, the external form has a group of corrugated curved surfaces, groups curved surfaces of the closed tubular thin-walled channels for the fluid, or a combination of both, and alopiidae environment is in a closed vacuum chamber to the heat-absorbing end near heat-absorbing surface.

19. Tube on p, in which a group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through the body between opposite sides of the housing, between the two adjacent sides of the body or one side of the hull, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable form.

20. Tube on p, in which the shell structure of rotation surrounding an enclosed chamber for the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe has a cross-section of the outside round shape and a longitudinal cross-section of rectangular, cylindrical or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source.

21. Tube on p, in which an outer sheath corrugated curved surface is located on the designs of rotation to the closed environment of the camera on the heat-absorbing end having a cross section with more than three groups evenly or symmetrically curvilinear ribbed surfaces of equal or unequal height.

22. Tube on p, in which a heat absorbing end of the housing is an end surface or a part of the end surface, which is perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, and the outer shape of the heat-absorbing end conforms to the shape of the heat source for a tight fit, and the outer shape is smooth the th and flat, or smooth and serving, or smooth and deep or matches the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping quite snug.

23. Tube on p, in which a heat absorbing end of the housing contains a group of surfaces of closed thin-walled tubular channel for the fluid inside the closed chamber from the entrance of fluid to exit the fluid in the channels for the fluid to pass through an enclosed chamber between the two sides of a closed chamber between the two adjacent sides of a closed chamber or through one side of the closed chamber, and inside the thin-walled channels for the fluid is formed a channel for the cooling fluid.

24. The tube according to item 23, in which the cross-section of thin-walled channel for the fluid is round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, or a combination of both.

25. Tube on p, in which the absorbing fluid element is mounted on the inner surface of the housing in a closed chamber, when the heat-absorbing end of the housing uses a liquid heat transfer medium, while the inner surface opposite to the heat-absorbing surface and is released in an enclosed chamber, and an absorbent fluid element is a groove, a sieve, a bundle of fibers with pru is different, sintered metal powder, a combination of them or another structure.

26. The tube according to item 23, in which the conductivity or heat-absorbing end to have a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, and provide additional channels for the fluid with passages for cold, hot, or hot and cold fluid connected with the walls of the casing, with additional channels for the fluid surround the corrugated ribbed curved surface of thin-walled channels for the fluid or the relevant part of the end cap of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube.

27. Tube on p, in which the conductivity of thin-walled channel for the fluid has a straight shape, a curved ribbed shape of the mirror relative to the housing, the shape of an inverted "U", or their combination, or thin-walled channel for a fluid medium in closed tubes passing through an enclosed chamber from two opposite or adjacent sides of a closed chamber, with heat-sink end, the body or part of the housing on the opposite side of the corrugated curved surface of thin-walled channels for the fluid or on the side, parallel, thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, por the walking through two opposite sides of a closed chamber, moreover, the external shape of the heat-absorbing end conforms to the shape of the heat source, the external shape is smooth and flat or matches the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping for quite a snug fit, and, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid heat transfer medium, heat-absorbing bottom part, leading to a closed chamber, has an absorbent liquid element.

28. Tube on p, optionally containing part of the housing surrounding an enclosed chamber for the heat-absorbing end having a cross-section of the outside round shape and a longitudinal cross-section of rectangular, cylindrical or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, the group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and located within a closed chamber, and passing through an enclosed chamber between the two opposing sides perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, with the cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable form, or their combination, the group closed and Gori avannah curved surfaces, located on the periphery of the axis of the heat tube and having a curved ribbed form or another form surface, or a combination, additional channels for the fluid connected to the thin-walled channels for the fluid and the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat absorbing surface of the housing, and additional channels for a fluid are the input and output openings for the cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the inner surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the housing, and the outer round surface heat-absorbing end of the case is made with the possibility of absorption during the rotation, heat of solidification and cooling of the melt or heat conducted to the surface through the contact and the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium and scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

29. Tube on p, in which case closed and corrugated curved surface on the heat-absorbing end surrounds an enclosed chamber and is located on the circuit design of rotation, having a cross section with more than three is a group evenly or symmetrically ribbed curved surfaces with equal or unequal height, this thin-walled channels in the form of a closed tube or closed and corrugated curved surface located on the periphery contain heat dissipating end located in a closed chamber and passing through it between two opposite sides of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, and the cross-section of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear, or other suitable shape, or a combination of both, with additional channels for the fluid connected with the thin-walled channels for the fluid and the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat absorbing surface of the housing, with additional channels for the fluid have inlet and outlet openings for the cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing fluid design is installed on the inner surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the casing, and the casing is closed and corrugated curved surface located on the outside of the structure of the rotation, made in the form of heat-absorbing surface for absorbing rotation, Talaat shaft and a heat source inside of the shaft, or heat from an external hot fluid medium, with the absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium and, ultimately, scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

30. Tube on p, in which a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of heat-absorbing chamber, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber has an internal circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or any other suitable shape or combination thereof, and the heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled channels for the fluid, representing corrugated straight ribbed surface or a curved ribbed surface, which is parallel or perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, or thin-walled channel for a fluid medium in closed tubes passing through two opposite side shell and located parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber; and a cross section of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a circular, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, wherein, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid absorbing liquid cell battery (included) the t in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber traverses the vacuum chamber, and an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the bottom surface of the absorbing liquid member, a closed vacuum chamber integrated heat pipe surrounded the end covers, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber and a thin-walled channels for the fluid, and an additional channel for fluid passage for cooling water surrounds the thin-walled channel for the fluid with a corrugated ribbed curved surface, or the relevant parts of the end cap of thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, and the heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat it absorbs the heat from the hardening and cooling of the flowing melt, this absorbed heat is carried away by a heat transfer medium, ultimately, scattered thin-walled channels for the fluid.

31. Tube, p, in which a group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through two opposite sides of the housing in a closed chamber, with the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, teeth, or other form, in this case, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, big t is bleemcast and large surface, and connected with the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, with layers spaced out enough to provide sufficient heat transfer to the transfer medium, and the holes between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, when integrated thermal the tube uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and by conduction of heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the solidification and cooling of the ongoing melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

32. Tube on p in which the building or part thereof, made in the form of t is propoglexeme end, is smooth and flat, or the corresponding heat-absorbing end of the other heat pipe, and two heat pipes are connected to a molded plate of metal of high conductivity, containing a cavity, with molded plate has channels for hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe and molded plate of metal of high conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate for the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside, and inside, the heat-absorbing design from the bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat sink structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, and the layers are spaced out enough to provide sufficient heat transfer to the heat transfer medium, with holes between layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end and, when integrated the bedroom heat pipe uses a liquid medium, absorbing fluid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, with heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat absorbs the heat generated from the curing and cooling of the passing of the melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

33. Tube on p in which the building or part thereof, made in the form of heat-absorbing end is smooth and flat, or the corresponding metal terminal plate with high thermal conductivity, and the heat pipe and the end plate are connected with a molded plate of metal of high conductivity, containing a cavity, with molded plate has channels for hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe, a metal end plate of metal of high thermal conductivity and a molded plate of metal of high thermal conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate for the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, when teploprovodnymi have a heat-sink design is a good thermal conductivity, a large heat capacity and large surface and is connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, heat-absorbing structure is made from bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded out of the membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, floc, or paintings, or made of inserted one into the other thin-walled tubing, or combinations thereof, and the layers are spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer to the heat transfer medium, with holes between layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, when integrated heat pipe uses a liquid environment, absorbing the liquid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and the heat-absorbing chamber due to the heat absorbs the heat generated from the curing and cooling of the passing of the melt, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing design and dissipated through the heat sink structure.

34. Tube on p in which talapoosa is a first end of the heat pipe is made in the form of heat-absorbing chamber, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round internal shape or another suitable shape, and the longitudinal section of the heat-absorbing cavities has an external shape of a rectangle, inverted cone or other form of rotation, suitable for a heat source, a heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of channel for cold fluid, parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber with a longitudinal cross-section having an external shape of a rectangle, inverted cone, or a form suitable for interaction with a corrugated surface or a curved ribbed surface located on the surface of rotation or serrated surface located on the surface of the rotation in the form of an inverted down cone, curved or corrugated surface for thin-walled channel for the fluid, uniformly or non-uniformly located on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted down cone, and outside corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid surrounding the body for the formation of an additional channel for the fluid to expedite the flow of cold fluid, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses liquid with the food, absorbing fluid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and by conduction of heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the high temperature fluid medium, which is carried away by a heat transfer medium in the thin channel for the fluid and, ultimately, dispersed by a cold fluid passing from the outside of corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid.

35. Tube on p, in which a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of many groups of heat-absorbing chambers, passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, toothed inner shape or another suitable shape, or a combination of both, heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled channel for the fluid parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber and having a corrugated ribbed curved surface on the outside of the closed chamber, in this case, when the integrated heat pipe uses liquid media is, absorbing fluid element in the form of grooves or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the liquid structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the bottom surface of the absorbing liquid element, while the heat-absorbing chamber, a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber and the end cover, perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber is surrounded by an enclosed chamber heat pipe, and the additional channel for the hot fluid medium from the inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds two sides of the end cap body, with additional channel for cold fluid with the inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds the corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid outside the closed chamber, and the heat pipe forms a heat exchanger with an integrated heat pipe for effecting heat exchange between two kinds of fluid.

36. The tube according to any one of p-33 used for heat dissipation in the manufacture of workpieces non-crystalline, microcrystalline and subcritical bystrozatverdevshikh metal.

37. The way both the biscuits large surface for heat dissipation in small volume for integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps are:
a) provide a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid or thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube or a heat-sink design with good heat conductivity, high thermal capacity and large surface, or any combination of them outside, inside, or outside and inside the closed chamber, for greater compactness,
b) provide a curved surface for corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid, or a curved surface for thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube or a curved or bent surface for heat sink structure, or any combination of them outside, inside, or outside and inside of the closed chamber to increase the surface of heat dissipation,
C) provide a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of
closed tube within a closed chamber in the design of rotation to increase the surface of heat dissipation heat pipe, while the heat pipe has a spiral shape.

38. The method of construction of the heat-absorbing end of the integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps are:
a) perform a heat absorbing end corresponding to the shape of the heat source for a tight fit, smooth and flat, smooth and acting, smooth them and profound, or according to the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping or rather a tight fit, when the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is a lateral surface or a part of the side surface vertical to the axis of the heat tube,
b) provide a cavity passing through the opposite side, adjacent side, or through the same side of the chassis, when the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is a group of heat-absorbing cavities, which extend through the housing and a closed chamber, with the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, toothed shape or another suitable shape,
C) perform a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe in the form of design rotation, surrounding an enclosed chamber with an external circular cross section and longitudinal section in the form of a rectangle, cylinder, or other body of rotation, which is suitable for a heat source,
g) performing a heat absorbing end of the heat pipe in the form of a closed corrugated thin-walled curved surface surrounding an enclosed chamber with a circular cross section or other cross-section of a suitable form, provide more of the three groups evenly or symmetrically curvilinear ribbed surface is of the same height or different heights, which have a curved ribbed shape or other curved surfaces, and combinations thereof, with a longitudinal cross-section is rectangular, cylindrical, or another form of rotation, a suitable source of heat,
d) provide metal molded plate with high thermal conductivity, having a cavity, a channel for hot molten substance and a channel for air release to obtain a heat-absorbing chamber heat pipe between the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and metal molded plate with high heat conductivity, and the specified metal molded plate with high thermal conductivity, having a cavity, a channel for hot molten substance and a channel for air release to obtain a heat-absorbing chamber integrated heat pipe and a variety of heat-absorbing cavities formed by the heat-absorbing end surfaces of the heat pipes installed between the heat-absorbing end of the two heat pipes
e) provide a heat transfer medium in a closed chamber in the housing or part of the body heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end near heat-absorbing surface, while absorbing the liquid element have near heat-absorbing surface in a closed chamber when the IP is result fluid.

39. Method of heat exchange in the integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps are:
(a) provide for the absorption of heat by contact with the heat source on the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the housing heat pipe, the heat transfer in the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber through a surface of the heat-absorbing end of the housing, and a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and is evaporated to quickly dissipate the absorbed heat to the outside, inside or outside and inside a closed chamber using heat conductor as a heat dissipating end, the heat-absorbing structure absorbs or transmits the heat absorbed as a heat transfer medium,
b) provide heat transfer from the heat transfer medium through the low-temperature fluid in a thin-walled channel for the fluid, performed outside, inside, or outside and inside the closed chamber,
C) ensure the absorption of heat from the heat transfer medium through the heat sink structure made outside, inside, or outside and inside the closed chamber,
g) provide a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe near the heat-absorbing surface in a closed chamber and use a heat transfer medium for heat transfer to the nearest defloratsiya the overall surface teploprovodnyh to reduce thermal resistance, increasing thermal conductivity and increase the rate of heat transfer.

40. The method of heat transfer in a rotating integrated heat pipe that uses a liquid medium, comprising the steps are:
a) use a round cross-section of body heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end of the heat absorption due to contact with a heat source during high-speed rotation, when the heat pipe is rotated at high speed, the heat transfer in the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber which is discarded to the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the centrifugal force, and a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and evaporates quickly, while saturated steam that fills an enclosed chamber, condenses to a liquid from the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid in contact with low-temperature thin-walled channel for the fluid, with removing the pair, and thin-walled channel for the fluid passes potential evaporation heat in a cold environment, which is outside the closed chamber of thin-walled channel for the fluid, and then cold fluid carries away the heat absorbed by the heat pipe, with a liquid medium condensed on the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid, quick nakaplivalos and again dropped on the inner surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end due to the centrifugal force to provide the beginning of a new cycle of the heat transfer process, repeated cycles, while providing a large heat dissipation area and use a phase transition to transfer heat evenly with the same temperature over the entire area of heat dissipation, in this case the centrifugal force of the rotating heat pipe causes the passage of a liquid medium to the heat-absorbing end and completely reduces thermal resistance of the interface in the process of heat absorption with the phase transition, for optimal heat transfer
b) use a round cross-section of body heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end of the heat absorption due to contact with a heat source during low-speed rotation, when the heat pipe is rotated at low speed, the heat transfer in the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber in which is installed an absorbent liquid element on the inner surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end due to the adhesive forces of the liquid medium, with a heat transfer medium absorbs heat and evaporates quickly, and saturated steam that fills an enclosed chamber, condenses to a liquid from the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid in contact with low-temperature thin-walled channel for the fluid, with the removal of the pair, with thin-walled channel for the fluid passes sweat nsaline heat of evaporation to cool the fluid outside the closed chamber of thin-walled channel for the fluid, and cold fluid then carries away the heat absorbed by the heat pipe, and a liquid medium condensed on the surface of thin-walled channel for the fluid quickly accumulates under its own weight dropped again in the bottom position in a closed chamber heat pipe, while the liquid medium is absorbed in the absorbing liquid element heat tube and placed in contact with a heat source under the influence of capillary forces to start a new cycle of the heat transfer process, which is repeated loops, while providing a large heat dissipating area and use the phase transition for heat evenly at the same temperature over the entire area of heat dissipation, while the capillary power absorbing fluid element heat tube and the adhesive forces of the liquid medium heat pipe causes the passage of a liquid medium to the heat-absorbing end, for optimal heat transfer.

41. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (1-2) and the housing (1-1)having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (1-3)containing a heat conductor (1-4), mounted exterior of the enclosed vacuum chamber (1-2), thermal conductivity (1-4) is a corrugated ribbed thin-wall channel (1-4A) for the fluid, and twelve short ribs and a twelve is cat long edges are radial to the axis of the heat pipe, within each corrugated long edges and short edges formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh (1-4), which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (1-2) as a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber (1-2), and outside of each long corrugated ribs or short ribs formed channel (1-4A) for the fluid of teploprovodnyh (1-4)which is in contact with the cold liquid and forms a surface heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, the group of teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber (1-2) and the same heat transfer medium (1-3) (1-2), in this case (1-1) integrated heat pipe is formed by a wall of the enclosed vacuum chamber (1-2) and the wall corrugated thin-walled channel (1-4A) for the fluid, and to ensure normal heat conduction in an inclined position in a closed vacuum chamber (1-2) is absorbing fluid element (1-5)when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

42. Tube in paragraph 41 that is used for radiation of such a solid source of heat, in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a CPU, video card, electric and electronic components with large power.

43. Integrated heat pipe containing closed is the Amer (2-2) and the housing (2-1), inside the vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (2-3), containing teploprovodnymi (2-4), installed outside the closed vacuum chamber (2-2), while teploprovodnymi (2-4) are corrugated parallel straight ribbed thin-walled channels (2-4A) for the fluid, and thirteen groups ribbed thin-walled channels for a fluid are parallel with the same distance from one side of the body to the opposite side of the heat-absorbing end of the housing, while within each corrugated ribbed thin-wall channel (2-4A) for the fluid formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh (2-4), which connects a closed vacuum chamber (2-2) and is a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber (2-2), and outside each group of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channels (2-4A) for the fluid is formed a channel for the fluid to teploprovodnyh (2-4A), which is in contact with the cold liquid and is also the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (2-4), with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber (2-2) and the same teleperedachi environment (2-3) in it, in this case (2-1) integrated heat pipe is formed by a wall of the closed vacuum chamber (2-2) and a wall of corrugated thin-wall channel (2-4A) for those who UCA environment, moreover, to ensure the normal heat conduction in an inclined position in a closed vacuum chamber (2-2) is absorbing fluid element (2-5)when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

44. Tube on p.43 used for radiation of such a solid source of heat, in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a CPU, video card, electric and electronic components with large power.

45. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (3-2) and the housing (3-1), having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (3-3), containing eleven groups teploprovodnogo (3-4), installed inside a sealed vacuum chamber (3-2), surrounded by a rectangular body, the left and right end plates (3-6), while the conductivity (3-4) is a thin-walled channel (3-4A) for the fluid formed thin-walled tube of rectangular cross-section and passing through two sides of the end plates (3-6), and the outer wall of each thin-walled tubes of rectangular cross-section formed by the inner cavity teploprovodnyh (3-4), which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (3-2) and is also in it, while the inner wall of each tonkas the military pipe of rectangular cross-section formed by a channel (3-4A) for the fluid of teploprovodnyh (3-4), which is in contact with the cold liquid and is also the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (3-4), with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber (3-2) and the heat transfer medium (3-3) (3-2), and to ensure normal heat conduction in an inclined position absorbing fluid element (3-5) installed in the enclosed vacuum chamber (3-2)when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

46. The tube according to item 45, used for radiation of such a solid source of heat, in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a CPU, video card, electric and electronic components with large power.

47. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (4-2) and the housing (4-1), which has inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (4-3), contains nine groups of columnar teploprovodnogo outside the closed vacuum chamber (4-2), in this case the lower heat-absorbing end (4-1) is a structure of the thin-walled and hollow rectangular plate, the upper thin-walled hollow rectangular plate, opposite to the case of the lower heat-absorbing end (4-1) and which is a mirror image of the lower part is soedineniya with each other and with the closed vacuum chamber (4-2) internal cavities channel (4-4) for the fluid of nine groups of columnar thin-walled tubes moreover, the inner surface of each teploprovodnyh (4-4) in the form of a thin-walled tube forms an internal cavity teploprovodnyh (4-4), which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (4-2) and is (4-2) the continuation, and the outer surface of each of teploprovodnyh (4-4) in the form of a thin-walled tube forms a channel for fluid teploprovodnyh (4-4A), which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (4-4), and to increase the surface of heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (4-4) in the form of thin-walled tubes in a thin-walled hollow rectangular plate installed twelve groups of radiators (4-11)that pass through it, closely correspond to it and parallel to it, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber (4-2) and the same heat transfer medium (4-3) (4-2), and to ensure normal heat conduction in an inclined position in a closed vacuum chamber (4-2) is absorbing fluid element (4-5), when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

48. Tube on p used for radiation of such a solid source of heat, in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a CPU, video card, electric and electronic components is UNT large capacity.

49. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (5-2) and the housing (5-1), which has inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (5-3)containing teploprovodnymi (5-4), installed in a closed vacuum chamber (5-2), surrounded by a housing (5-1) columnar or other form and end plates (5-6), with heat-absorbing cavity (5-1A) located in the housing (5-1), passing through it and is designed as a heat-absorbing end, closely corresponding to the graphite insert (5-12), and the Central hole of the graphite insert (5-12) is a channel for the molten metal inlet (5-15) for molten metal and an exit (5-16) for cast ingot, and the channel (5-13) for lubricating oil is located between the heat-absorbing chamber (5-1A) and graphite inserts (5-12), and teploprovodnymi (5-4) made in the form of thin-walled channel (5-4A) for the fluid formed by 80 groups of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section and passing through the end plates (5-2), located on opposite sides of the housing, the external wall of each thin-walled tubes of circular cross section forms a the internal cavity of teploprovodnyh (5-4), which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (5-2) is in it, and the inner wall of each thin-walled tubes of circular cross section forms the anal (5-4A) for the fluid of teploprovodnyh (5-4), which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (5-4), with each group teploprovodnogo (5-4) uses the same closed vacuum chamber (5-2) and the same teleperedachi environment (5-3) in it, and to ensure the normal conductivity of the enclosed vacuum chamber (5-1A) as a heat-absorbing end, has an absorbent liquid element (5-5) on the inner wall of the heat-absorbing chamber (5-1A) in a closed vacuum chamber (5-2)when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

50. The tube according to § 49 used for the mold during the continuous casting of ingots and device for the production of wire from bystrozatverdevshikh metal in metallurgy.

51. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (6-2) and the housing (6-1)having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (6-3)containing a heat absorbing end of the housing, located vertically to the axis of the heat pipe and which is the surface heat pipe located outside of the enclosed vacuum chamber (6-2), while teploprovodnymi (6-4) is located within the closed vacuum chamber (6-2), surrounded by a housing (6-1) integrated heat pipe heat-absorbing type, and the conductivity (6-4) is talop glashaus design (6-4b), made of metal with high thermal conductivity, high thermal capacity, large area, and easily absorbing and nakaplivalsya heat so that the heat-sink design (6-4b) is a heat-absorbing end of the latent heat and is integrated heat pipe, with heat-sink design (6-4b) made of copper foil with a large surface area, twisted and curved, and the distance between layers is sufficient to ensure optimal heat transfer medium, the opening between the layers facing to the heat-absorbing end and a heat-sink design (6-4b) is enclosed in a closed chamber (6-2) through the housing (6-1) and heat-absorbing end (6-1A) of the housing and the cavity is a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (6-3) for formation of integrated heat pipe heat sink type.

52. Tube by § 51, is used for the mold during the continuous casting of ingots and device for the production of wire from bystrozatverdevshikh metal in metallurgy.

53. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (7-2) and case (7-1), which has inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (7-3), having a round cross section and a rectangular longitudinal section, with a heat-sink to the end of the housing (7-1) is located outside the closed chamber (7-2), teploprovodnymi (7-4) is located within the closed vacuum chamber (7-2), surrounded by a columnar body (7-1) and end plates, with teploprovodnymi (7-4) made in the form of thin-walled channel (7-4A) for the fluid 110 formed groups of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section and passing through the end plates (7-6), located on opposite sides of the casing, and the outer wall of each thin-walled tubes of circular cross section forms an internal cavity teploprovodnyh (7-4), which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (7-2) and is therein, and the inner wall of each thin-walled tubes of circular cross section forms a channel (7-4A) for the fluid of teploprovodnyh (7-4), which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (7-4), with each group teploprovodnogo (7-4) uses the same closed vacuum chamber (7-2) and the same heat transfer medium (7-3) in it, and to ensure normal heat conduction in the slow rotation of the rolls on the outer wall of the closed vacuum chamber (7-2) and on the inner wall of the housing (7-1) is absorbing fluid element (7-5), when the absorption phase the transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

54. The tube according to item 53, is used to heat the rolls of the rolling t is nkiye bands bystrozatverdevshikh metal, rolls for continuous casting and rolling in metallurgy, motor rotor, turbine rotor, and for heat dissipation area of the rotating heat sources and traction.

55. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (8-2) and the housing (8-1), having inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (8-3), having a round cross section and a rectangular longitudinal section, with a heat absorbing end of the housing (8-1) is located outside the closed chamber (8-2), while teploprovodnymi (8-4) is located within the closed vacuum chamber (8-2), surrounded by a columnar body (8-1) and end plates (8-6), and teploprovodnymi (8-4) made in the form of thin-walled channel (8-4A) for the fluid, formed by a group of sections toothed inner form of thin-walled tubes (12 teeth per group) and passing through two sides of the housing, with the inner wall of each plot toothed inner form thin-walled tube forms an internal cavity teploprovodnyh (8-4), which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (8-2) and is in it and the outer wall of each plot toothed inner form thin-walled tube forms a channel (8-4A) for the fluid of teploprovodnyh (8-4), which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (8-4), and ka is the Mae group teploprovodnogo (8-4) uses the same closed vacuum chamber (8-2) and the same heat transfer medium (8-3) in it, moreover, to ensure the normal heat conduction in the slow rotation of the rolls, on the outer wall of the closed vacuum chamber (8-2) and on the inner wall of the housing (8-1) is absorbing fluid element (8-5), when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

56. The tube according to § 55, is used to heat the rolls of rolling thin strips bystrozatverdevshikh of metal, rolls for continuous casting and rolling in metallurgy, motor rotor, turbine rotor, and for heat dissipation area of the rotating heat sources and traction.

57. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (9-2) and the housing (9-1), which has inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (9-3), having circular cross-section and longitudinal section in the shape of an inverted trapezoid, with a closed vacuum chamber (9-1A) is located on the heat-absorbing end of the building (9-1) and passes through it, and teploprovodnymi located exterior of the enclosed vacuum chamber (9-2), while teploprovodnymi (9-4) made in the form of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (9-4A) for the fluid, and twelve long edges are radially from the axis of the heat-absorbing camera, and the inside of each long corrugated fin formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh (9-4),which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (9-2) and is a continuation of, and outside of each long corrugated ribs formed channel (9-4A) for the fluid of teploprovodnyh (9-4), which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh, with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber (9-2) and the same heat transfer medium (9-3) in it, and the case (9-1) formed by the wall of the enclosed vacuum chamber (9-2) and wall corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (9-4A) for the fluid, and the core (9-5) heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber (9 1A) in a closed vacuum chamber (9-2), when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium.

58. The tube according to § 57, used to heat plasma welding cutting nozzle for plasma coating, nozzle electron beam guns for welding, the welding gun nozzle high power.

59. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (10-2) and the housing (10-1), which has inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (10-3)containing a thin-walled tube that passes through the two opposite end covers of the casing and intersecting the axis of the heat tube (10-1), and twelve groups serdtseobraznaya heat-absorbing cavities (10-1A), evenly spaced radial is the tube on the heat-absorbing end of the housing, thus teploprovodnymi (10-4) are located outside the closed vacuum chamber (10-2), and teploprovodnymi (10-4) made in the form of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (10-4A) for the fluid, with forty-eight long edges are radially from the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, and inside each long corrugated fin formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh (10-4), which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (10-2) and is a continuation of, and outside of each long corrugated ribs formed channel (10-4A) for the fluid of teploprovodnyh (10-4), which is in contact with cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (10-4), with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber (10-2) and the same heat transfer medium (10-3) in it, with heat-absorbing chamber (10-1A), thin-walled channel (10-4A) for the fluid and the opposite two end cover (10-1) is surrounded by an enclosed chamber (10-2) and form the body of the integrated heat pipe, and core (10-5) heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber (10-1A) in a closed a vacuum chamber (10-2)when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium, with a closed vacuum chamber (10-1A), thin the wall channel (10-4A) for the fluid and the opposite two end cover (10-1) form the body of the integrated heat pipe, moreover, an additional channel for the hot fluid passage for the hot fluid is surrounded by the walls of the casing (10-1) and fully accommodates the closed vacuum chamber (10-1A), and the additional channel (10-11) for cold fluid passage (10-9) for cold fluid surrounds the wall ribbed thin-walled channel (10-4A) for the fluid, and the heat pipe integrated in the heat exchanger.

60. Integrated heat pipe containing an enclosed chamber (11-2) and case (11-1), which has inside a vacuum and filled with a heat transfer medium (11-3), with the outer round surface of the housing as a heat-absorbing end and three groups ribbed thin-wall heat-absorbing curved surfaces located on it, with heat-absorbing end positioned exterior of the enclosed vacuum chamber (11-2), teploprovodnymi (11-4) are located outside the closed vacuum chamber (11-2), pass through two opposite end cover (11-1) and made in the form of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (11-4A) fluid medium, and sixteen long edges are radially from the axis of the heat pipe, while within each long corrugated fin formed by the inner cavity of teploprovodnyh (11-4), which is connected with a closed vacuum chamber (11-2), which is the e continuation, and outside of each long corrugated ribs formed channel (11-4A) for the fluid of teploprovodnyh (11-4), which comes in contact with cold liquid and is the surface of the heat dissipation of teploprovodnyh (11-4), with each group teploprovodnogo uses the same closed vacuum chamber (11-2) and the same heat transfer medium (11-3) in it, and the heat-absorbing chamber (11-1A) round body, thin-walled channel (11-4A) for the fluid and the opposite two end cover (11-1) surround camera (11-2) and form a rotor with integrated heat pipe, while the core (11-5) heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber (11-1A) and has three groups ribbed thin-wall heat-absorbing curved surfaces (11-6A) in a closed vacuum chamber (11-2), when the absorption phase transition uses liquid as a heat transfer medium, and the heat-absorbing chamber (11-1A), thin-walled channel (11-4A) of the fluid and the opposite two end cover (11-1) form the body of the integrated heat pipe, while the rotor shaft and an extra channel (11-8) hot fluid passage (11-9) for hot fluid surrounded by a wall of the housing (11-1) and fully accommodate thin-walled channel (11-4A) for the fluid, and the heat pipe and the ting that is integrated in the rotor.

61. Tube on p, in which thin-walled channel for the fluid made in the form of surface reversename edges or curved edges.

62. Tube on p, in which multiple edges are established among adjacent groups corrugated ribbed thin-walled channels for the fluid, and the ribs tightly in contact with them to increase the area of heat dissipation heat pipe.

63. Tube on p used to heat the rotors of the generator, electric motor, or similar equipment.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, and namely to heat tubes intended mainly for freezing of soil with the purpose of reinforcement of foundations and bases of various facilities erected on permanently frozen soils. In gravity-assisted heat pipe containing tight housing partially filled with liquid heat carrier and having evaporation and condensation zones and with transportation zone, housing in evaporation zone and in transportation zone or in any of those zones has at least one insert made in the form of bellow connected with cylindrical tips to the housing sections between which an insert is located, bellow is enclosed in flexible metal sleeve the ends of which are fixed on the above tips; the insert is also equipped with rigid removable casing for fixing mutual position of the housing sections between which there is an insert made with possibility of being located around the above sleeve and attached to the housing sections adjacent to the insert.

EFFECT: design of the tube provides high degree of manufacturability, transportation and installation thereof to operating position on the object.

3 cl, 7 dwg

Heat pipe // 2382972

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for cooling of ground and can be used in construction industry. Heat pipe includes tubular housing, condenser of which is located above the ground surface, and evaporator - in cooled ground, which are provided with external finnings, filler pipe for vacuum treatment and filling of heat pipe with heat carrier with its further sealing. Heat pipe is provided with removable refill capacity tightly installed on the end of heat pipe condenser by means of coupling nut and by using annular seal. Filler pipe is connected to cavity of the above capacity, through end wall of which in direction of longitudinal axis of heat pipe there tightly installed is female wrench for the sealing screw installed in the edge of condenser along longitudinal line of heat pipe. From lower edge of sealing screw there made is central channel with side outlet for passage of heat carrier from cavity of removable refill capacity to cavity of heat pipe. Side outlet is located above annular seal of sealing screw when it is not completely screwed and below the above annular seal when the screw is completely tightened. Heat pipe is provided with sealing element in the form of a plug for installation instead of removable refill capacity after filling is completed.

EFFECT: increasing heat pipe efficiency.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: control method of heat pipe filling quality involves heat supply to one of its sections and measurement of temperatures at two points on opposite ends of heat pipe on both sides from heat supply zone. Temperatures are measured at heat pipe points at several heat flux values in the range of zero to maximum operating value. Then curve of difference of measured temperatures of heat flux value is built, and as per this curve, the conclusion is drawn whether there is non-condensed gas in heat pipe or not.

EFFECT: improving sensitivity and accuracy of quality control of heat pipe filled with heat carrier.

1 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed coaxial multi-heat pipe engine comprises evaporation and condensation chambers consisting of vertical shells with their inner surface coated with strips and grid made from porous material and wick, all having their open end faces connected to covers of appropriate distribution (separation) sections. Evaporation chamber separated, from below, by concave perforated entrainment separator, accommodates distributing manifold furnished with nozzles arranged at the evaporation shell centers. Evaporation and condensation chambers communicate, via O-ring, with working chamber housing coaxially mounted power turbines. The latter have the peripheral edges of their vanes rigidly attached to inner wall of said working chamber, along normal to said inner wall surface. Distributing manifold center accommodates cylindrical vessel and feed pump communicated with distributing manifold of evaporation chamber.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: inventions are intended for heat removal and can be used in aircraft. Cooling device includes tube system which is tightly closed in relation to ambient atmosphere, has thermal coupling in heat reception section with heat source, and in heat transfer section - with heat absorber and which has adiabatic transfer section. Tube system is filled with heat-transfer medium. In heat reception section and/or in heat removal section there provided is heat exchanger which connects heat source and heat absorber to tube system. Heat absorber includes aircraft external wall section. Cold accumulator is provided between heat source and heat absorber. Method of heat removal from heat source to heat absorber consists in the fact that tube system tightly closed in relation to ambient atmosphere is filled with heat transfer medium which, during heat removal from heat source in heat reception section, is changed from liquid phase to gaseous phase and supplied to heat transfer section in which it is again condensed and moves back to heat reception section. Fan is used to control heat transfer between heat source and heat exchanger.

EFFECT: reducing costs for cooling and increasing heat transfer.

15 cl, 7 dwg

Heat recovery unit // 2375660

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention is aimed at heat exchanging and can be used in energy sector. A heat recovery unit comprises a casing divided by a leakproof baffle into the cells for the cold and hot media, and a heat tube bundle passing through the cells and fixed in the baffle. The cold medium cell is divided into two chambers by a wall being perpendicular to the baffle between the cold and hot media cells, namely into the cold medium preheating chamber and final heating chamber. The former chamber is filled by heat tubes along its total height and the latter chamber is made with a tank which is free from the heat tubes and made in the chamber upper part. The chambers are interconnected by a pipeline. Heat tubes in the hot medium cell or in the cold medium cell or in both cells can be ribbed.

EFFECT: expanded applicability and high economic parametres of the performance along with high heat engineering efficiency and reliability.

4 cl, 1 dwg

Thermal siphon // 2373473

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for heat transfer and can be used for ensuring operation of mechanical devices submerged into liquid medium. Thermal siphon contains housing, the working volume of lower chamber of which is filled with liquid, cone by means of which the lower chamber with steam line for transporting steam is partitioned, steam generator in lower chamber and condenser in upper chamber. Condenser is cooled surface of upper chamber of thermal siphon, some part of lower chamber is intended for air accumulation and other gaseous impurities originally contained in thermal siphon. Valve for releasing some air to the outside is installed in lower chamber.

EFFECT: invention allows improving heat transfer effectiveness in thermal siphon from heated part to cooled section by intensifying heat transfer during condensation in conditions of high air content of the system.

1 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: this heat pipe is intended mainly for freezing of soil. Pipe includes tight housing filled up with heat carrier and having evaporation and condensation zones, and transport zone, as well as thermoelectric elements, cold surfaces of which have thermal contact to external surface of housing wall in condensation zone, and hot surfaces - to heaters. Peculiar feature of pipe is that housing is provided with external surface of wall having rectangular shape (60) in cross section in condensation zone at the internal cross section in that zone, which does not change as to housing length. Thermoelectric converters (6) are installed on all four sides of external surface of housing wall, and heaters are made in the form of finned plates (8) so that they form cavity (9) enclosing the housing, and free internal volume of the above cavity is filled with low heat-conducting material with low saturation coefficient.

EFFECT: increasing heat transfer ability of heat pipe.

Steam boiler // 2373455

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention is meant for steam generation and can be used in steam boiler design. Steam boiler includes drum, furnace, steam collector, and superheater. Furnace longitudinal axis is offset downwards relative to longitudinal axis of cylindrical drum. Furnace is made in the form of hollow cylinder closed with covers on both sides, and in upper arch of which rectangular through channels are provided at some distance from each other in longitudinal and cross directions. In the above channels there inserted are heat transfer devices installed so that longitudinal axis of each of them is located in radius line of furnace and passes through centre of circle of the latter. Heat transfer devices are made in the form of heat pipes, each of which has rectangular hollow duct whereto covers are welded from above and from bellow, and inside each heat tube there is liquid filling up 1/4 of the volume, which has been supplied through the hole made in upper cover, which is closed with a plug. Lower parts of heat pipes, being heating and evaporation zones, protrude to furnace volume. Upper parts of heat pipes, being condensation zones, are located in the form of a fan in upper part of cylindrical drum and have cooling ribs.

EFFECT: invention provides more complete and faster use of generated heat, its supply to the whole volume of water and its uniform heating, increasing boiler capacity, life time.

7 dwg

FIELD: engine and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: heat-pipe jet engine relates to power engineering and can be used to recover secondary and natural thermal resources, particularly to convert thermal power into mechanical power. Proposed engine comprises housing coated with wick from inside and plugged by a bush, evaporator chamber in contact with hot medium, closure with inlet hole, condensation chamber incorporating rod with valve and staying in contact with cold medium. Portion of the housing outer surface is coated with bellows in the area of condensation chamber. Lower end face wall edges are jointed to the edge of inner board of circular reservoir with its outer board edge being rigidly jointed to the bellows lower edge. Reservoir outer board center is connected to working member. Spaces between bellows and housing, as well as condensation chamber vapor space are intercommunicated via branch pipes passing the openings of the bush, wick and housing.

EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability.

3 dwg

Microcooling device // 2247912

FIELD: cooling equipment, particularly heat exchange apparatuses.

SUBSTANCE: device to remove heat from heat-generation component includes coolant stored in liquid coolant storage part, heat absorbing part including at least one the first microchannel and installed near heat-generation component. Heat absorbing part communicates with storage part. Liquid coolant partly fills microchannel due to surface tension force and evaporates into above microchannel with gaseous coolant generation during absorbing heat from heat generation component. Device has coolant condensing part including at least one the second microchannel connected to above coolant storage part separately from the first microchannel, gaseous coolant movement part located near heat-absorbing part and condensing part and used for gaseous coolant movement from the first microchannel to the second one. Device has case in which at least heat-absorbing part is placed and heat-insulation part adjoining heat absorbing part to prevent heat absorbed by above part from migration to another device parts.

EFFECT: reduced size, increased refrigeration capacity, prevention of gravity and equipment position influence on device operation.

22 cl, 4 dwg

Heat pipe // 2254533

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heat pipe comprises vertical housing with evaporation and condensation zones and partially filled with heat-transfer agent and coaxial hollow insert in the evaporation zone which defines a ring space with the housing and is provided with outer fining. An additional hollow cylindrical insert of variable radius made of a non-heat-conducting material is interposed between the condensation zone and coaxial hollow insert. The outer side of the additional insert and inner side of the housing of the heat pipe define a closed space.

EFFECT: reduced metal consumption.

1 dwg

Heat exchanger // 2255284

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heat exchanger comprises housing separated into chambers of evaporation and condensation with a baffle provided with heat pipes which are arranged in both of the chambers. The zones of evaporation of the pipes are positioned inside the evaporation chamber, and zones of the condensation of the pipes are positioned inside the condensation chamber. The heat pipes inside the evaporation chamber are made of wound pipes of oval cross-section. The zones of condensation of heat pipes are also made of wound pipes of oval cross-section .

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 6 dwg

Heat pipe // 2256862

FIELD: heating engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heat pipe can be used for heat transmission and temperature control procedures. Heat pipe has evaporator provided with capillary-porous nozzle and capacitor. Evaporator and nozzle are connected by vapor line and condensate pipeline. Nozzle is made of electric-insulating material, for example, of ceramics. Grid-shaped electrode is mounted at the inner side of nozzle. The electrode is connected with rod electrode, which is mounted inside airtight isolator at edge part of evaporator.

EFFECT: improved heat power; prolonged length of heat pipe.

1 dwg

Thermosiphon // 2261405

FIELD: heat-power engineering; utilization of low-potential heat, heat of soil inclusive.

SUBSTANCE: proposed thermosiphon includes heat pump with thermosiphon containing working medium capable of changing its liquid state to gaseous state and vice versa; it includes evaporation and condensation parts; thermosiphon is provided with hermetic thermal tube whose working medium is capable of changing its liquid state to gaseous state and vice versa; it also has evaporation and condensation parts; condensation part of thermal tube bounds cavity of heat pump evaporator together with outer housing, cover and lower platform; said cavity is provided with branch pipes for delivery of liquid phase of heat pump working medium and discharge of gaseous phase of heat pump working medium in such way that condensation part of thermal tube forms inner housing of heat pump evaporator; mounted in between of outer and inner housings of heat pump evaporator is intermediate housing which is provided with holes in lower part for passage of liquid or gaseous phase of heat pump working medium circulating inside its evaporator; tubes-nozzles mounted between inner and intermediate housings are directed vertically upward for admitting liquid phase of heat pump working medium under pressure; heat pump evaporator has inner surfaces. Besides that, outer, inner and intermediate housings of heat pump evaporator are taper in shape and are so located that have common vertical axis of symmetry; inner surfaces of heat pump evaporator and inner housing are finned.

EFFECT: considerable reduction of thermal head between soil and working medium in heat pump evaporator; reduced overall dimensions; possibility of utilization of energy of compressed liquid fed from heat pump condenser to evaporator.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heat transfer equipment, particularly to carry heat for long distances, for instance refrigerators.

SUBSTANCE: heat-exchanging system comprises closed loop including main heat-exchanging channel, heat carrier agent pumping device, additional heat-exchanging channel and heat-carrier supply channel connecting the main and additional heat-exchanging channels. Heat carrier agent pumping device may withdraw heat carrier agent in vapor or vapor-and-liquid state from one heat-exchanging channel and supply above vapor or vapor-and-liquid heat carrier agent under elevated pressure into another heat-exchanging channel. Heat carrier agent supply channel is formed as channel with capillary partition closing the channel. During heat-exchanging system operation the capillary partition obstructs vapor penetration or vapor-and-liquid flow. The vapor penetration obstruction is defined by cooperation between meniscuses and inner surfaces of capillary channels formed in the partition. The vapor-and-liquid flow obstruction is defined by bubble meniscuses cooperation with inner surfaces of capillary channels of the partition. The heat carrier agent pumping device may withdraw vapor or vapor-and-liquid heat carrier agent from any heat-exchanging channel and pump above heat carrier agent under elevated pressure in another heat-exchanging channel.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of heat-exchanging system.

14 dwg, 18 cl

FIELD: applicable for heat abstraction in various media.

SUBSTANCE: the heat transferring device has a sealed pipe with condensation and evaporation zones filled up with a heat-transfer agent with pockets provided on the inner surface, the pockets used for inhibition of draining condensate are located in the evaporation zone and made annular or formed by the sections of the helical surface adjoining the pipe inner wall with its lower edge at an acute angle, which are separated from one another by radial partitions, the annular pocket is formed by the side surface of the truncated cone, adjoining the inner wall of the mentioned pipe with the larger base. Besides, at least some of the pockets located one above other are positioned at such a distance that a capillary effect occurs between the surfaces facing one the other.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heat transfer due to the increase of the pipe surface wettable by the heat-transfer agent, as well as simplified structure an facilitated actuation of the device.

3 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: chemical and oil industry.

SUBSTANCE: reactor comprises housing, means for supplying initial components and discharging finished product, unit for heating and cooling made of a number of heat pipes, additional catalyzer applied on the heat pipes and/or housing and made of a coating. The heat pipes are staggered in the space of the housing. The total area of the surface of the heat pipes in the catalytic zone should provide heating and cooling the catalytic zone.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electric mechanical engineering, possible use for cooling electric generators and electric engines.

SUBSTANCE: in proposed system for cooling electric machines, containing compressed air source with force pipeline, splitting vortex pipe, having as a result of energy division to hollows - hot one and cold one, thermal pipe made inside the hollow shaft of electric machine, as a special feature, along axis of hollow shaft a tubular channel is made for passage of cold flow from splitting vortex pipe, and space, formed by external surface of tubular channel and internal surface of hollow shaft is thermal pipe, condensation area of which - external surface of tubular channel, and evaporation area - internal surface of hollow shaft.

EFFECT: efficient and even cooling of electric machine, simplified construction, increased manufacturability.

2 dwg

FIELD: control of temperature of spacecraft and their components.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes measurement of temperatures in spacecraft temperature control zones, comparison of these temperatures with high and low permissible magnitudes and delivery of heat to said zones at low limits. Heat is delivered by conversion of electrical energy into thermal energy. Power requirements are measured at different standard time intervals of spacecraft flight forecasting orientation of its solar batteries to Sun. Magnitude of electric power generated by solar batteries is determined by forecast results. Measured magnitudes of consumed electric power are compared with forecast data. According to results obtained in comparison, flight time is divided into sections at excess of energy generated by solar batteries over consumed power, equality of these magnitudes and shortage of generated energy. High magnitudes of temperature are maintained at excess energy sections by conversion of difference of generated energy and consumed energy into heat. In case of reduction of generated energy in the course of changing the orientation of solar batteries on Sun, temperature in these zones is reduced to low limits at simultaneous equality of energies. In case of further increase of generated energy, temperature in said zones is increased to high limits at equality of energies. Then, in the course of change of generated energy, temperature correction cycles in temperature control zones are repeated.

EFFECT: avoidance of excess of consumed energy above generated energy of solar batteries.

7 dwg

Up!