Automatic squeezing machine

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: squeezing machine comprises squeezing element in the form of cone or rotary head, which in process of squeezing operation, apart from its rotary motion, moves up or down depending on the torque of squeezing operation. Head comprises a set of knives in the form of ribs, so that fruit is placed onto specified knives, and when knives are put in motion by rotary cone as it travels upwards, they press the fruit, cutting it vertically and sending it to cone for smashing of its pulp, since fruit may not slip away being caught, in cavity inside cap, which may consist of two parts, one of which is movable, and in process of its motion it leaves opening opened, through which squeezing element communicates to tray containing fruit, which is previously set opposite to specified hole with the help of supplying system.

EFFECT: invention provides for reliability in operation.

19 cl, 10dwg

 

The SCOPE of the INVENTION

As the name implies, the present invention is a push car, the release element which is composed mainly of cone or a rotating head, which is, or which during operation of the centrifuge, in addition to its rotational movement, moves up or down at different points, in which there are several radial blades with the form of ribs on the specified cone, which at its ends is much higher, making the fruit under the action of gravity is located in the centre, and which, when set in motion rotating cone in its course upward pressure on the fruit, cutting it vertically and directing it to the cone for crushing his flesh, because the fruit can not escape being captured within the hollow internal space of the cap, which covers the Assembly. In the specified cap has an introduction opening through which the opening and closing device, synchronized with the supply systems of the fruit, allows squeezed fruit orderly and controlled way to get inside with the tray, the base of which is preferably round, is, strictly speaking, part of the hood. In order that the fruit could be loaded manually specified an introduction hole through which the fruit is automatically fed into sokovyj the Malku, can be replaced by a simple cap formed in opening the lid.

KNOWN TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS

There are different machines and methods for automatic extraction of fruit, and for the purposes of the present invention may be noteworthy patents R and R.

In both patents, each with its own characteristics, the release mechanism is formed of a rotating cone with the function of crushing the pulp of the fruit, a set of knives that are installed on the specified rotating cone, which I cut up the fruit, and a Cup or cap on top of that, or if it moves down, presses the fruit to the blades and the rotating cone. The sequence of extraction can thus be summarized so that the fruit in different ways tightening reaches the cavity existing between the Cup and the knife, placed there, and then said bowl begins to move down and, putting pressure on the fruit, cut it under the action of the knives, which he placed, so that the fruit is cut, gradually decreases between the knives and comes to a rotating cone, which breaks his flesh.

Release tab system with a rotating cone and descending bowl in practice has disadvantages due to the stresses that you have to move the lever connecting the cap with the guide to move it, and this means that this point of connection is to be placed should be strengthened and thereby complicate the paste action fruit machine, because either the lever connecting the cap with the guide to move it passes through the cap, resulting in a weak connection, or to prevent the slack, the space between the knives and the cap increases, so that the fruit can be inserted from the side, which means the need to increase the size of the machine.

In addition, any movable outer part of the machine, such as a cap, in this case, when using it has the additional risk of potential damage due to high probability to collide with an obstacle in its path, which can ruin it or overload it, or in case of finding the details of a certain size, as in the case of the hood, inside the car, this means that the size of the machine you want to increase, which may adversely affect its expected realization.

Description of the INVENTION

In order to resolve the above problems, it is proposed machine, which consists of a rotating cone, set of knives and top hat, the essential feature of which is that in the sequence of pressing the rotating cone, using the force of rotation rises, until you reach the cap, and the supply of fruit is also carried out automatically by means of the cap, consisting of two parts, one of which is stationary and the other of otkryvayas is, installed on the bottom of the top tray, which contains fruit, waiting to be pressed, although the operation of the feed can be carried out manually when replacing the tray open cover, which preferably will be a one-piece cap.

To ensure moving up the action of the spinning cone, lowering after squeezing the fruit, the rotation of the motor is transmitted via a pulley, a belt or some other means on the tubular part with smooth inner walls, which contains inside the spindle. The specified spindle has a base, crossed by item, serving on its sides and is a member of the longitudinal slits that intersect mentioned tubular part so that when the rotation of the two parts can move together, but the spindle can move up or down as directed above lateral slots of the tubular part.

This movement of the spindle up or down is achieved due to the fact that its upper part is screwed into the fixed nut, which means that during the rotation of the spindle moves up or down depending on the direction of rotation.

At the top nut attached to the end of the spindle is rotating cone so that when the spindle under the action of rotation will pass upwards through the specified ha is ku, it will cause upward movement of the rotating cone, which, thus, will be referred to as rotational movement, and the movement up or down.

Switching between moving up and moving down is provided by two switches or sensors - one at the beginning and another at the end of the spindle, or any other device that covers this distance, which will change the polarity of the motor current.

The knives are mounted on the spindle cone and fasten the rod, which is included in the spindle, but these knives do not rotate with the cone, as performed on them by tabs or other items they are guides made on the inner side of the cylindrical body, which is the release site, and the rotary cone when its moving upward, pushing the knives, which likewise will be moved to the above guide, but without transmitting rotation due to the retaining action of these guides.

Release site ends with a cap or Cup, or which holds the fruit when it is exposed to the knives, cutting it, and then rotating the cone, crushing the pulp and extracting the juice.

This cap has vertical slits, which may include knives, and a rotating cone in its most upper position the Institute almost adjacent to the inner side of the above-mentioned cap, but leaves enough space to prevent crushing of the skin and the allocation of the bitter taste of essential oils.

However, since the thickness of the peel of different fruits is different, we offer fixed nut consisting of two parts, between which can be inserted spring. When rotating the cone reaches the fruit, and the pressure that must be overcome is becoming more, it assumes the remaining stroke of the spindle. As a result of this further move up the rotating cone is prevented, and the crushing of the rind of the fruit stops.

Above the cap or Cup consists of two parts in the form of clearly different Polukarov - one stationary and the other opening, the latter at a specific point in the pressing process departs, opening the hole in the hood large enough for passage of a release element of the new fruit.

This composite hood, designed for automatic feeding of fruit, can be replaced by a simple cap, which is like the cover of squeezing node allows you to apply the fruit manually.

In continuation of the above sequence extraction after crushing the pulp of the fruit juice on the sides of the rotating cone flows down, falling on the filter, which merges it into a plate, which, in turn, delivers the juice cher the C final element or similar device.

In addition, after the knives complete the cutting, different pieces of peel fall under the action of gravity on the filter and under the action of centrifugal force created by rotation of the cone, are ejected into a collection of peel.

The implementation of this stage of the ejection helps the design of one of the knives, which helps guide the peel into the hole that communicates with the collection of peel.

Another advantage is the creation of a drying machine with a simple Assembly and disassembly to facilitate cleaning. The machine is divided into three clearly distinct parts: the mechanical part, the elements of the body, forming the body of the machine, and release element tray automatic document feeder located in the specified case, and the tray automatic document feeder, you can replace the Windows that cover, forming a simple cap, so that the fruit can be submitted manually.

The mechanical part, consisting mainly of the motor and mechanism for transmitting rotation on shaft squeezing element, is provided on the support base and secured along the perimeter of the removable element of the body, passing up to the middle part of the machine.

The middle part of the machine consists of a housing element, based on the above case element, inside of which is the release site, and which extends from the top, forming the tray to the m is the automatic document feeder.

As already noted, the machine can be supplied without automatic feeder fruit. In this case, the upper part of the squeezing element will be a cap of solid parts, combined with opening lid that will allow you to apply the fruits manually.

For a better understanding of the above included several drawings, which are for illustrative purposes and do not limit the scope of the present invention.

BRIEF description of the GRAPHICAL MATERIAL

Figure 1 is a General view of the machine showing the following details: tray 1, which is an automatic feed device, with protective cover 2, a collection of peel 3, the release node 4 that is built into the Central element of the housing 5, and the lower case element 6, which contains the motor and transmission.

Figure 2 is a General view of the transfer mechanism showing the base 7 of the machine, the motor 8 and the belt transmission of rotation 9, the tubular part 10 with a smooth inner wall with a lateral slot and the spindle 11 is inserted into the fixed nut consisting of two parts 12 and 13 on top of one another.

Figure 3 shows the elements of the body, forming the body of the machine, which contains lower case element 6, which contains the electric motor and transmission mechanism, an intermediate or center of the local housing element 5, designed to accommodate squeezing node 4, in the rear part of the hole 15 that communicates with a collection of peel 3; also shown is the tray 1, which is an automatic feed device, a closed protective cap 2.

Figure 4 illustrates in greater detail the components that make up the release site with a built-in automatic feeder: top protective cover 2, the tray 1, which is located inside the circular part containing the ribs 24, which during the rotation move the fruits invested in the intervals between them; also shown is a hole 25 in the base specified tray intended for connection as the basis with the site, consisting of a cap, is divided into two parts 26 and 27, which are the knives 16 and the rotating cone 22.

Figure 5 presents an alternative embodiment of the invention with manual loading machine, and, therefore, shows the release element without rotating cone, which consists of the outer cylinder 14, in which he concluded, with a rear opening 15, which is informed by the collection of peel, knives 16, one of which has an extension 17, intended for the direction of the peel in the collection; it is also shown the cap 18 with the slots 19, which includes knives when they move up, and the protective cover 20, which closes the hood, and the exhaust element or channel 21, to the which allows juice to leak at the bottom.

Figure 6 presents the machine with the top cover 2, the tray 1, inside of which will be circular part containing the ribs 24, which during the rotation move the fruits invested in the intervals between them; also shown is a hole 25 in the base specified tray intended for connection as the Foundation of the node formed of the cap is divided into two parts 26 and 27, which are the knives 16 and the rotating cone 22, the Central 5 and the bottom 6 of the body elements, the discharge element 21, the electric motor 8, the base 7 of the machine, the tubular part 10 with a smooth internal walls, fixed nut, consisting of two parts 12 and 13 on top of one another, and a collection of peel 3.

Figure 7 presents the machine in the version with manual loading; illustrated cover with opening 30, the protective cover 20 of the cap, the blades 16, the Central 5 and the bottom 6 of the elements of the body, rotating the cone 22, the discharge element 21, the electric motor 8, the base 7 of the machine, the tubular part 10 with a smooth inner walls, fixed nut, consisting of two parts 12 and 13 on top of one another, and a collection of peel 3.

On Fig shows a detail of the rotating cone 22, the tubular part 10 with a smooth inner walls, the spindle 11, a composite fixed nut consisting of two parts 12 and 13, and the spring 23, which is intended for placement between both the mi parts nuts to assume part of the displacement of the spindle when the pressure change at the end.

Fig.9 is a section of the assembled machine, which shows the cover 2, which closes the Assembly, tray 1, which is the automatic feeding system, proceedings of the skin 3, the cap consisting of two parts 26 and 27, the part that contains the ribs 24, the blades 16, the rotating cone 22, the discharge element 21, a composite fixed nut consisting of two parts 12 and 13, the spindle 11 and the tubular part 10 with a smooth inner walls, and a rod 29, which connects the knives with the spindle.

Figure 10 is a section of the machine in the version with manual loading, which shows the following details: opening cover 30, which is the cap 18 and the protective cap 20, the collector peel 3, the knives 16, rotating the cone 22, the discharge element 21, a composite fixed nut consisting of two parts 12 and 13, the spindle 11 and the tubular part 10 with a smooth inner walls.

The PREFERRED embodiment of the INVENTION

Below is a description of a variant embodiment of the invention in its complete form, i.e. fully automatic machine in its process of extraction and supply, although what is described above and what is stated in the present description makes clear that this is not the only option exercise, because one and the same machine can be supplied with removed the automatic feed, replacing the military on manual feed.

The present invention, as already explained, is a type of drying machine, in which the fruit is captured between the hollow cap, consisting of two parts 26 and 27, and a number of knives 16 and under pressure of these knives cut, and then press the rotary cone 22, which crushes his flesh, and thus obtained the juice flows down to the filter, which merges it into a plate, and a significant feature of the machine are as release tab system, and the mechanism of the wringer, the pressure causes the cutting and pressing of the fruit, carried out by moving up the rotating cone 22, which pushes up the knives 16 that leads to the capture of the fruit cap, consisting of two parts 26 and 27.

The mechanism by which this is achieved the effect that consists of an electric motor 8, the rotation of which is transmitted to the tubular part 10 with a smooth inner walls and at least one longitudinal slot. In this mechanism within the specified items is the spindle 11, at least one protrusion that is inserted in the above-mentioned longitudinal slot (slot) so that during rotation of the tubular part 10, it pushes the internal spindle 11, which, however, can move up and down, being guided by lateral slits of the tubular part.

The above spinde the screwed up in the fixed nut, consisting of two parts 12 and 13 on top of one another under the action of rotation of the spindle moves up or down depending on the direction of rotation.

At the beginning of the pressing process, the spindle is in its lower position, under the action of rotation and fixed nuts he rises, pushing up the rotating cone and with him the knives so that the cone rotates with the spindle, and the blades do not rotate due to the action of protrusions that engage with the guides in the inner walls of the cylinder 14, in which the release element, and these guides and rod 29, which is inserted in the spindle, move the knife up and down and prevent any possible rotation, which could occur due to friction with spindle or cone.

After the start of the pressing process the fruit found on the knife, lifted, pushed them until it is captured in the inner part of the cap or Cup 18, and upon further movement of the knives up they begin the cutting process, and the pieces obtained by the cutting operation, the slip between the knives, are compressed, and their flesh razravnivaetsya rotating cone 22.

On his way up the knives are the same number of vertical slots 19 in the cap, and thus the cone occupies its upper position, the cone and the cap almost go the I, thereby ensuring complete separation of different parts of the fruit.

In order to avoid excessive pressure cone on the peel of the fruit when it is crushed, and thus, the selection of essential oils and other liquids, which can have a bitter taste inside a fixed nut between its two parts 12 and 13, a spring 23, which is under excess pressure deforms and prevents further movement of the cone upward, thereby neutralizing the upward action of the spindle and preventing the impact of the cone on the peel.

The top part of the juicer can be performed as an automatic feeder, fruit, consisting, essentially, of the tray, inside of which, forming part of the Foundation, is holding a cap, consisting of two parts-Polukarov 26 and 27, one of which is stationary and the other moves with a circular part that contains ribs 24, which are pulling the fruit.

When the machine stops, the movable portion 27 of the cap moves to the side, to pull with a circular part and, thus, the ribs 24 along with the fruit contained in the intervals between them, so that the point total of the hole part of the semi coincided with squeezed fruit, fit for an open hole, and due to the geometry of the place where he is, and thanks to upravlyayuschim, to reduce friction, under the action of gravity falls inward squeezing element, fit, also under the action of gravity in the center of the Assembly formed by the knives, because the ends are higher than in the centre.

When the fruit has reached this position, the movable part is a semi-dome returns to its original position, this time not to pull with a circular item containing the edges, stopping above the hole due to several anchors on its geometry, which prevent subsidence or this oscillation of the movable part when the down fruit to the cap.

The above release tab detail, and other parts drying machines are located in the volume formed by different elements of the body 5, and 6, which are easy to dismantle and clean.

The mechanical part consists of a motor and transmission, is based on the 7 machine, protected by the perimeter of the housing element 6, passing up to the middle part of the machine.

In this case element sets the element to the housing 5 with a hole for the spindle, which would put the release site; this case element is the middle part of the vehicle body to release the item inside with automatic feed device (if applicable).

In the embodiment of the invention, designed for manual feed, the Assembly established the its consequences cover with opening 30, which serves as a support, inside which are the cap 18 and the protective cover 20.

1. Automatic release tab machine, the release element which consists of a cap or bowl to hold fruit, under which or which is the set of knives that are under pressure vertically cut fruit and send it to a rotating cone, which will crush the pulp, extracting from it the juice, characterized in that the rotating cone (22) commits a double movement of rotation and vertical movement, up or down, so that when it starts the spin cycle, the cone (22) and knives (16) are in the lowest position, and during this process they move up, and the knives cut fruit, and a rotating cone crushing his flesh, and then starts moving down, when the rest of the skin under the action of centrifugal force is squeezed out, then the machine is ready for further operation of the centrifuge, and a mechanism for ensuring that these movements is the electric motor (8)that transmits the rotation of the tubular part (10) with smooth inner walls, which is located inside the spindle (11)and the tubular part and the spindle rotate together by linking their geometric forms, and these forms mean that the spindle can move up or down, being the m this movement is provided by the attached nut (12 and 13), he twisted, and which, depending on the direction of rotation will cause the spindle to move up or down, and the specified spindle transmits the rotational movement and vertical movement of the rotating cone (22), which during its movement pushes the blades (16), although these knives do not participate in the rotation, being directed vertically and locked against any rotation, which may be referred to them from contact with rotating parts due to the inserts in the inner wall is preferably cylindrical, in which this node resides.

2. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the rotation driving force is transmitted to the tubular part (10) with smooth inner walls, at least one side of the longitudinal slot.

3. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 2, characterized in that the tubular part is the spindle (11) with a number of tabs equal to the number of lateral longitudinal slots in the tubular part so that the protrusions are inserted in these slots, transmitting, thus, rotation of the tubular part (10) of the spindle (11), which takes this rotation.

4. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 3, characterized in that the spindle (11) is screwed, preferably in the upper part, a fixed nut so that depending on what upravleniya spindle, it will move vertically up or down.

5. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 4, characterized in that the cone (22) or the rotating head engages with the spindle, and when the said head is transmitted as rotational movement and vertical movement up or down.

6. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 4, characterized in that the fixed nut comprises at least two parts (12, 13), one on top of another, so that they can be inserted spring (23) to assume the remaining stroke of the spindle in case of increasing pressure, which is necessary to overcome the rotating cone.

7. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 5, characterized in that the rotating cone (22) has a set of knives, which during the pressing process moves vertically up or down, following the path of the rotating cone.

8. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 7, characterized in that the blades (16), having the form of vertical ribs with a sharp upper edge, set mainly radially, and at least one of them has the extension (17) to the inner wall of the cylinder in which the release element.

9. Automatic release tab machine of claim 8, wherein at least one of the blades is inserted into the slot, made on the inner side of the second cylinder, containing the release element, preventing any rotation that might occur in the blades due to friction with the rotating cone and the spindle, and slots can be as much as you need to insert them in knives, and at least one of the blades will border with a hole (15)through which the release element is reported with a collection of (3), causing the resulting peel moved by centrifugal force, to fall in this collection.

10. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 9, characterized in that when the release element is closed, there is a cap (26, 27), in which will be entered into the fruit when it is cut and then ejected, and the cap has a vertical slot, and knives in their upward movement, included in the notches (19) so that in the upper position of the cone, it is almost adjacent to the inner side of the cap.

11. Automatic release tab machine of claim 10, wherein the cap built into the base tray feeders containing fruit, waiting to be pressed.

12. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 11, characterized in that the cap that holds the fruit on its way up, is made of two parts, one of which (26) is fixed, and the other (27) is movable so that when the movable part is moved, it leaves an open space, which communicates with the tray(1), containing fruit to be pressed inside the squeezing element.

13. Automatic release tab machine 12, characterized in that the tray (1), containing the fruit to be pressed, is the set of edges (24)surrounded by a circular piece so that the above-mentioned tray is divided into several sections, in which is the fruit.

14. Automatic release tab machine according to item 13, wherein when the movable part (27) of the cap is displaced, leaving a hole that communicates with the internal space of squeezing element, a circular item containing the edges (24), moves synchronously, pushing forward the following fruit until it is placed before the specified hole, causing it to fall under the force of gravity, and in this she is helped guide ribs (24)made in the circular details.

15. Automatic release tab machine 14, characterized in that after the fruit has fallen inward squeezing element, the movable part (27) of the cap returns to its original position, and on the way back circular part containing the edges (24), detached, resulting in a circular workpiece remains stationary while the movable part of the cap (27) is returned.

16. Automatic release tab machine according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the cap is designed as one part is closed by a protective cover (20), that can be easily removed from the cap for cleaning, and knives (16)included in these slots are closed.

17. Automatic release tab machine according to item 16, characterized in that the cap (18) and closing the protective cover (20) are combined in item (30), which acts as a cover with opening so that it can be manually opened and manually download the release element.

18. Automatic release tab machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the body of the machine comprises a base (7)where is the electric motor (8) and other drive elements, with the specified base along the perimeter of the closed element housing (6), passing up to the middle part of the machine.

19. Automatic release tab machine p, characterized in that the housing element (6), described in p, installed along the perimeter of the removable element of the housing (5), which contains a hole that allows you to accommodate the release element.



 

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10 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: electric appliances.

SUBSTANCE: electric juicer consists of vessel and cap. Supply tube is passing through cap. Vessel has rotating disk grater installed inside of it and juice collector. Juice collector is installed under mentioned supply tube. Juicer contains the following components: external wall equipped with stop ring of juice collector, which deviates from vertical line. Inside stop ring of juice collector descending rim of mentioned cap is installed. Cover for electric juicer contains polymer cap, in which opening is provided. In mentioned opening metal supply tube is installed and fixed.

EFFECT: creation of improved and more industrially acceptable alternative in relation to known household appliances.

20 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: personal utensils.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to juice extractor. Juice extractor intended, in particular, to citrus fruit juicing, contains a rotating around its axis squeezing cone and set above the juice container attached to the squeezing cone screen having an area for juice passing through with a variable cross section of throughput. Thereat screen has a working surface with the first throughput openings and the second working surface of the screen with the second throughput openings. Changing of mutual positions of the first and the second working surfaces of the screen changes throughput section of the latter. Thereat for limitation of the amount of possible relative fixed positions of the first and second working surfaces of the screen, on the first working surface there is a retention pin with a fixing cog interlocking with the counter stop in the shape of several tapered cogs on the second working surface of the screen. It improves positioning of the first surface of the screen against the second surface, prevents spontaneous modification of the adjustment selected by the user.

EFFECT: improved positioning of the first surface of the screen against the second surface; prevented spontaneous modification of the adjustment selected by the user.

11 cl, 11 dwg

Basket for juicer // 2373823

FIELD: articles for personal use.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the baskets for the home juice centrifuge. The basket has a bottom equipped with the grating disk. The sieve conically extended for the parts of its height and equipped with the passages is joined to the grating disk. It is consists of the first and second stages of filtration with the walls of different inclination angles located one above another along the perimetre.

EFFECT: invention provides the bigger amount of jouce received.

12 cl, 3 dwg

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