System of floor coating with slant pattern

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction, in particular to laminated plates for floor coating. Laminated plates include decorative patterns, textures of surface produced by mechanical impression with matching, deepened perimetres and blocking mechanisms. Adjacent plates are actually evened, providing for continuous impressed ornaments with matching in adjacent panels for floor coating. Deepened perimetre prevents previous wear of panel edges for floor coating. Separate plates within the border of system for floor coating may contain at least one partial subpanel, having decorative ornament and/or pattern, which are matched with ornament of neighbouring partial subpanel or plate. Decorative pattern may include strips or slant strips from wood, at the same time strips are leveled along adjacent plates for formation of continuous uninterrupted pattern in the form of strips.

EFFECT: application of minimum number of plates with preservation of possibility to develop ornaments with length that exceeds length of a single plate.

18 cl, 25 dwg

 

The present invention relates to layered materials. More specifically the present invention relates to a floor covering of semi-detached layered materials with decorative figures and surface texture, which perform mechanical embossing with a combination of decorative drawings.

Due to its appearance and perception of traditional building and finishing materials used for floor coverings, such as mahogany, slate, granite, stone, brick and concrete materials are usually preferred by consumers. However, there is a tendency to the rise of such traditional building and finishing materials, both in terms of their production and installation. For example, while the solid wood floor is very excellent appearance, materials and labor costs for the installation of these floors are likely to be prohibitive.

There are many alternatives to traditional building and finishing materials used for floor coverings, including layered materials, such as laminates high pressure (HPL), layered materials direct pressure (DPL) and layered materials continuous pressure (CPL). However, such alternatives do not usually have the appearance and texture of traditional building and finishing Mat is rials, used for flooring. For example, most alternatives have an outer surface with a pattern for the tree, while they can be easily recognized as something different, different from natural wood. In addition, although high-end panel made of HPL, DPL and CPL can look like a tree, its texture makes it easy to find that they are made not of wood.

One of the problems relating to the majority of alternative options to the traditional building and finishing materials used for flooring, is that the texture of their surface is not consistent with their decorative designs. For example, the visible image of the knots of wood in alternative materials for flooring are not consistent with the characteristic texture of the surface of the knots of the wood. Accordingly, the attractiveness of these alternative materials is significantly reduced.

One approach used to match the surface texture of alternative materials for floor covering them with decorative drawings, includes a technique known as chemical etching. During the chemical etching of the surface texture of alternative material developed by the chemical reaction of the dye, which forms a decorative pattern, with an agent that is added to the subsurface the layer. The resulting surface texture, to some extent successful, does not have the clarity and three-dimensional characteristics of traditional materials.

Serve as alternatives to traditional construction and finishing materials used for flooring, laminates, to create the texture of the surface can be subjected to mechanical embossing. See, for example, the application for patent in the United States 09/903807 and U.S. patent No. 6401415, which are introduced here by reference. Such methods provide embossed with a combination of layered materials with decorative figures and their corresponding high-quality three-dimensional texture. Laminates performed by embossing with a combination, require precise alignment of the mechanical embossing and decorative figure. The advantage of layered materials, performed by embossing with a combination, is that they can actually reproduce the look and feel of traditional products.

Regardless of what system for a floor covering is used, such a system should be easily moved to the site of the work and at the same time must ensure easy and fast installation. For the mechanisms of Assembly and blocking can be built into the system for a floor covering to facilitate performed the initial at the place of installation. One type of mechanism Assembly and block represents a system with a groove and a crest that is used to connect the panels. It is obvious that such systems out of the groove and ridge are disclosed in U.S. patent No. 2057135 in the name of Cherry and in U.S. patent No. 2046593 in the name of Urbain. For example, figure 1 can be seen as illustrating the system 11 with a groove and a crest, which is used as a clamp 12 for attaching the panels to each other.

Another type of mechanism Assembly and block disclosed in U.S. patent No. 3946529 name Chevaux, according to which the system 13 for a floor covering should probably be connected through the use of the system with groove and ridge, located under the floor; see figure 2.

Another mechanism Assembly and block proposed in U.S. patent No. 5295341 name Kajiwara. Obviously, in this case, the panel is of the layered material provide quick Assembly, for example by connection to the groove-ridge. In the result pane of the layered material can be collected without the use of glue. As shown in figure 3, panels of laminated material to provide blocking means in the form of a drain connector 16 and grabdevice connector 18. Drain connector 16 has a protruding groove 20, while the comb 18 is made with a pair of deflectable forward side walls 22 and 24, which are separated UDL is United by groove 26. The side walls include a rear locking surface 28 and 36. The side walls can be compressed towards each other to perform blocking.

Another type of mechanism Assembly and blocking, which is a quickly assembled connection is proposed in U.S. patent No. 6101778 name Märtensson. As shown in figure 4, panel laminate equip the tool block, consisting of grooves 6 and ridge 7 which form spotboy Assembly. The groove 6 and groove 7 may be made of waterproof material and connect them with each other so that the portion 9 went into the slot 4.

Although the above-mentioned mechanisms of Assembly and blocking proven their usefulness, they cannot be used in conjunction with layered systems, embossed with a combination that performed embossed with a combination of decorative pictures or graphics should be centered on the connections between individual layered structures, performed by embossing with a combination. In this case, will be significantly reduced visual perception and impression of the texture of systems consisting of layered panels performed embossed with the combination. Therefore, it would be valuable to the new system of layered material, performed by embossing with a combination in which visual patterns and patterns is extory cross connection while maintaining the aspects regarding stamping with the combination. Even more preferable would be a system of layered material embossed with a combination consisting of a semi-detached layered panels embossed with a combination, in which the visual patterns and the texture pattern cross connection with the preservation of aspects of stamping with the combination.

In addition, the above system floor covering have a relatively low ability to resist abrasion. Not wanting to be limited to any specific theory, it can be assumed that premature aging (abrasion) begins at the perimeter edges or near them, and/or along the lines of the ridge and groove. The above system floor coverings are actually smooth (smooth) surface texture, so that the Central portion and the perimeter of each panel equally come into contact with users (e.g. pedestrians). However, the perimeter of each panel is significantly weaker than the center panel, and therefore wears out first.

In addition, systems floor coverings usually do not have decorative designs or builds patterns, which is greater than the length of the plate. For example, a floor covering, designed to replicate a wooden floor, containing strips of wood, the length of the structure in the form of wooden strips will typically be equal to the length of one plate or to the ve. This is desirable in related systems, floor covering, since in this case the installer does not need to plan for the installation of more than one plate in addition to the installed insert.

Accordingly there is a need in the runnable method of manufacturing an alternative construction and finishing materials, so that alternative options have created a real look and feel of traditional products, and had an enhanced ability to resist premature wear, and in which case it would be provided using a minimum number of plates while maintaining the possibility of creating engineered drawings or patterns with length greater length of one plate.

Accordingly, the present invention relates to embossed with a combination system of a floor covering, which actually eliminates one or more problems related layered materials and disadvantages of the related technical solutions.

The advantage of the present invention is to create embossed with a combination system of a floor covering, comprising a separate interconnecting plate for a floor covering having embossed with a combination of decorative drawings, with at least one of a surface texture and decorative picture actually equalize between Minami plates for flooring.

Another advantage of the present invention is to create embossed with a combination system of a floor covering, comprising interlocked with each other plate for a floor covering having embossed with a combination of decorative drawings, with at least one of a surface texture and decorative picture actually align between adjacent plates for a covering of a floor, so blocked with each other plates for flooring will be formed continuous, embossed with a combination of patterns.

Another advantage of the present invention is to create embossed with a combination system of a floor covering, which, for example, may include such plate for a floor covering that surface of the perimetric portion of each plate may be recessed, the upper surface of the perimetric portion of the plates for a covering of the floor is below the upper surface of the plate, which is surrounded by the peripheral part.

Another advantage of the present invention is to create a plate containing a large number of sides defining a perimeter; a large number of fringe patterns, which are located near at least one first part of the perimeter, with at least two of a large number of fringe patterns are actually identical; at least one primary pattern, connecting with a large number of edge patterns and in the vicinity of at least one second part of the perimeter, with at least one primary pattern and the regional pattern adjacent at least one basic pattern, form a virtually continuous pattern.

Another advantage of the present invention is to create a system of floor covering that contains at least two plates adjacent to each other along a predetermined direction, each plate contains a large number of sides defining a perimeter; a large number of fringe patterns, which are located near at least one first part of the perimeter, and at least two of a large number of fringe patterns are virtually identical; at least one primary pattern located so that it is adjacent to a large number of fringe patterns is near, at least one second part of the perimeter, and at least one main pattern and the regional pattern adjacent at least one basic pattern, form a virtually continuous pattern; in this case, the continuous pattern is formed regional patterns, at least two plates.

An additional advantage of the present invention is to create a plate for a floor covering, tereasa a large number of parties, forming a perimeter; a surface that has made it a decorative pattern, with a decorative pattern contains at least two boundary pattern adjacent to each side of the plate, and at least one primary pattern on the inner part of the plate adjacent the edge pattern on each side, and at least one edge pattern along one side is virtually identical to the regional pattern in the corresponding position along the opposite side, with at least one part of the decorative pattern along one side substantially differs from the corresponding part of the decorative drawing along the opposite side.

Other distinctive features and advantages of the invention will be indicated in the description that follows, and will in part obvious from the description, or they can be studied in the practical implementation of the invention. These and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure explicitly specified in the description and claims, as well as in the attached figures.

Obviously, as the preceding General description and the subsequent detailed description are illustrative and explanatory in nature and are intended for further clarification stated invented the I.

The accompanying figures, which are given in order to further facilitate understanding of the invention, and is entered in this description, forming part thereof, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

The figures shows the following:

the figure 1 presents the mechanism of Assembly and blocking according to known technical solution;

the figure 2 presents another mechanism Assembly and blocking according to known technical solution;

the figure 3 presents another mechanism Assembly and blocking according to known technical solution;

the figure 4 presents another mechanism Assembly and blocking according to known technical solution;

the figure 5 presents a perspective view of the components embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

the figure 6 presents forging machine, able to produce embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

the figure 7 presents embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering according to one aspect of the present invention;

the figure 8 presents a top view of the system of embossed with a combination plates for floor coverings according to another and is the aspect of the present invention;

the figure 9 presents a view in cross-section along line 9-9 shown in figure 8;

the figure 10 presents a top view of the system of embossed with a combination plates for floor coverings according to another aspect of the present invention;

the figure 11 shows a view in cross-section along line 11-11 shown in figure 10;

in figures 12A and 12B presents a schematic types, including peripheral part of the surface of the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

in figures 13A and 13B presents the system floor covering according to another aspect of the present invention;

in figures 14A-14C presents taken as an example plate system floor covering according to another aspect of the present invention;

in figures 15A-15TH presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

in the figure 16 presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 17 presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 18 presents taken as an example of how the integration is Finance patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 19 presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 20 presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 21 presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 22 presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

figure 23 presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

in figures 24A-24C presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

in figures 25A-25V presents taken as an example of a method of forming patterns on the plate for a floor covering in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

Next will be made by reference to the details of embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are presented in the attached figures.

In figure 5, in General, presents components plastindia floor covering according to the principles of the present invention.

As shown in figure 5, embossed with a combination of system floor covering may, for example, include at least one plate for a floor covering. According to one aspect of the present invention each plate may include a panel-based 40, made of a material for the base (for example, from high-density material in the form of fiberboard, particle Board and so on), at least one sheet 48 of the base (for example, from a sheet of Kraft paper impregnated with a predetermined resin and located above and/or below the panel 40, the decorative paper sheet 44 of a thickness of about 0.15 mm, impregnated with a curable resin (for example, phenols, such as melamine), located on top of the base, and at least one protective covering sheet 46 that is located on top of the decorative paper sheet 44. According to one aspect of the present invention, each of the protective cover sheet 46 may be made of paper, highly resistant, impregnated with a solution of a melamine content of corundum

(Al2O3), silica, etc. According to another aspect of the present invention different types of paper can be placed between the decorative paper sheet 44 and base 40. According to one aspect of the present invention, at least one protective on ryuushi sheet 46 and plate 48 of the base can be impregnated with resin. According to another aspect of the present invention, the resin impregnating at least one protective cover sheet 46 and plate 48 of the base may differ from the melamine resin used to impregnate the decorative paper sheet 44.

According to one aspect of the present invention plates for floor systems floor coverings can be made from virtually the same paper, resin, etc. for Example, plate system floor covering can be manufactured using paper made from basically the same paper fibers (having, for example, practically the same ash content, color, and orientation) on the same paper machine. In addition, the plate system floor covering can be made through the use of paper obtained from separate adjacent lot on the production reel. All of the above conditions concerning the use of paper that can be used in the manufacture of plates system floor covering, make sure that the components from the impregnated paper will always have the same final size after compaction and curing. According to one aspect of the present invention, the storage of paper to be used for wafer production system floor covering, you can contact airavat thus, to storage time, and temperature and humidity when storing paper, you can save this in order to promote consistency of size plates for floor covering. According to another aspect of the present invention plate system floor covering can be made through the use of cellulose paste, made by the same producer. According to another aspect of the present invention plate system floor covering can be made through the use of resins manufactured by the same producer. According to another aspect of the present invention, the resin may contain a powder derived in fact from the same source, have virtually the same chemical and physical properties, and can be mixed in the same reactor. In addition, the plate system floor covering can be made through the use of resins having a virtually constant solids content. All of the above conditions regarding the use of resins that can be used in the manufacture of plates for floor covering, make sure that the components from the impregnated paper will always have the same final size after compaction and curing. According to another aspect of the present from which retene each of the plates system floor covering can be made through the use of virtually the same impregnation process. For example, when dipping the various sheets of paper in a melamine resin paper should have a constant, uniform load of melamine. In addition, tension and oscillation of the tape in an impregnating machine must be accurately controlled, since these parameters affect the degree of impregnation of various paper sheets of resin.

According to the principles of the present invention the above-mentioned sheets and the base can be made in the form embossed with a combination system of a floor covering, comprising a large number of interlocked with each other plates for floor covering. To create such a system of floor covering can be used forging machine, for example such as the one shown in figure 6, for mechanical stamping each plate for a floor covering with a combination of decorative pattern, located on the decorative paper sheet 44.

As shown in figure 6, the press machine may, for example, include a base 42, the upper press 54 and the upper press plate 56. According to one aspect of the present invention, the upper press plate may include a pattern for performing stamping (for example, a three-dimensional textured surface). Accordingly, the pattern to perform the stamping may, for example, include raised ridges, points, recesses, etc. is any planned possibility of coincidence with decorative pattern formed on the decorative paper sheet 44.

According to the principles of the present invention impregnated decorative paper sheet 44, mounted on panel 40, must be accurately located relative to the pattern to perform the stamping in the upper press plate to provide opportunities embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering. According to one aspect of the present invention, the coincidence between the pattern to perform the embossing press plate and decorative pattern should be ensured when the press is in the closed position and the plate is under pressure. The required degree of regulation may vary depending on the type of decorative painting. For example, the alignment embossed with a matching pattern in the form of wood fibers in adjacent, embossed with a combination of plates for a covering of a floor requires a higher degree of alignment than the alignment embossed with a matching pattern in the form of wood fibers, which does not coincide with the adjacent plates to cover the floor.

The alignment of the decorative pattern on the decorative paper sheet 44 and the embossing pattern on the upper press plate 56 can be achieved by removing approximately 2-3 millimeters of material around the perimeter of the panel-basics 40 through a process of cutters is by creating several basic planes (for example, the edges of the panel) and the panel base, with well-controlled dimensions. Further impregnated decorative paper sheet 44 having external dimensions of about 8 or 10 mm less than that of the panels of the bases 40, mounted on the panel-base 40. According to one aspect of the present invention impregnated decorative paper sheet 44 may be mounted on a panel-based 40, using the edges of this panel as a leveling tool. According to one aspect of the present invention, the alignment marks may be located on the panel 40 and can be aligned with the alignment marks made on the decorative paper sheet 44.

According to one aspect of the present invention the decorative paper sheet 44 may be attached to panel 40 by using static electricity. After attachment of the decorative paper sheet 44 and the panel-base 40 mounted on the truck, intended for submission to the forging machine. Static electricity can substantially prevent accidental displacement of the decorative paper sheet 44 when the panel 40 is moved to the cart. According to one aspect of the present invention, the carriage can be stopped directly in front of the entrance in the press machine so that the decorative paper sheet 44 can be accurately races is halogen on top panel-basics 40, using, for example, tweezers (not shown). According to another aspect of the present invention tweezers can be used for accurate positioning of the decorative paper sheet 44 on top panel-basics 40 mounted on the lower press plate. According to one aspect of the present invention the decorative paper sheet 44, at least one protective cover sheet 46 and as an option sheet 48 of the base can be located on top panel-basics 40 before the inside of the pressing machine. After the decorative paper sheet 44 will be located on top panel-basics 40, the carriage can be removed from the pressing machine. Further, the leveling system is actually aligns the system of the decorative paper sheet 44 and panel-basics 40 with a pattern to perform the stamping in the upper press plate 56. According to one aspect of the present invention, the alignment system can use the edge of the panel to actually align the decorative pattern 44 with a pattern for performing embossing on the upper press plate 56. After alignment is completed press machine can be powered.

According to one aspect of the present invention after placement of the components presented in figure 6, within the press machine and the alignment pattern embossing various leaves and panelachnowy may be subjected to pressing and curing for specified period of time, until the resin hardens, obtaining extremely hard and resistant to abrasion plate for a floor covering. For example, after the introduction of the press machine and the alignment pattern embossing the panel 40, the decorative covering layer 44, a protective covering layer 46 and as an option sheet 48 of the base can be heated to a temperature of about 160-220°C. and pressed together under a pressure of about 20-40 kg/cm2during the period from about 20 to 60 seconds. Accordingly, the upper press 54 presses the pattern embossing the upper press plate 56 in the structure of the decorative paper sheet 44 and panel-basics 40. The combination of the supplied heat and pressure leads to the fusion of the decorative paper sheet 44 and panel-basics 40 with each other. Leveling system ensures that the decorative paper sheet 44 will actually aligned with the embossing pattern in the upper press plate 56. Accordingly melamine resin within the various sheets may be overiden and can be created embossed with a combination plate.

According to one aspect of the present invention the porosity inside the fused parts can be reduced to an absolute minimum through a slow curing resin (e.g. melamine). Accordingly, if the operating temperature is lowered, the time during which the various sheets within presso the th machine is subjected to pressing, will be increased. According to another aspect of the present invention, if the pressing plate 56 is heated to about 160-220°C, pattern embossing, included in the press plate can be extended. Accordingly, the embossing pattern on the press plate 56 may be designed to compensate for expansion of the pattern. Therefore, the size of pattern stamping set so that they actually corresponded to build a decorative figure, when solidified resin components according to figure 6. According to the principles of the present invention, the surface texture, which is performed through mechanical embossing, can be attached to a separate plate for a floor covering having a decorative pattern. According to one aspect of the present invention, the surface texture, which is performed through mechanical embossing, can be created in combination with a decorative pattern. Respectively can be made embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering. According to another aspect of the present invention a large number embossed with a combination plates for floor covering can be connected to each other for forming embossed with a combination of system flooring. According to another aspect of the present invention, at least a portion embossed with a combination of patterns related the s plates for a covering of a floor can actually be aligned with each other for the formation of actually adjacent to each other embossed with matching patterns on adjacent plates system floor covering.

Although the above-described method of stamping with a combination acceptable to the embossed texture of the surface, the depth of which is less than about 0.2 mm, more deep surface texture can be problematic. The embossing patterns, can give a deeper texture to the surface, require, for example, relatively large protrusions pressing plate, which leads to disruption of the uniformity of pressure exerted on the surface of the plate. Such erratic pressure can cause distortion in the finished product. According to one aspect of the present invention embossed surface texture can be formed deeper than approximately 0.2 mm by creating a cutout in the panel 40, and in those places where desirable deep surface texture. According to one aspect of the present invention the process of creating a notch may be performed before milling perimeter panel-basics 40, as described above, during the milling or after him. According to another aspect of the present invention the edge of the panel can be used to delimit the cut parts of the panel-basics 40.

As shown in figure 7, embossed with the alignment plate 60 for a floor covering made according to the above method, as a variant may include protective strips the internal layer 50, located on one side. The texture of the surface performed by mechanical stamping, combined with a decorative figure 68 decorative paper sheet 44. Under the combined mean that the embossed surface texture actually is aligned with the decorative pattern of the decorative paper sheet 44. By creating embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering can be almost guaranteed playback of separate plates for a covering of a floor, as made of natural material. Although decorative pattern presented in figure 7, creates a real image and texture of the wood fibers, it should be borne in mind that can be obtained from other images obtained by embossing with a combination of, for example, in the form of ceramic tiles, concrete, marble, etc.

According to the principles of the present invention, each of the separate plates for floor covering may, for example, include at least one blocking mechanism.

According to one aspect of the present invention, the blocking mechanisms can be combined with the panel-based 40 prior to transmission of the embossing pattern on the surface of the panel-basics 40 which merges with a decorative pattern. Accordingly, the blocking mechanisms can be implemented in separate panels of the bases 40. Further, the mechanisms of the lock can be used to join the individual panels of the bases to each other for forming a plate designs. Then the design of the plates can be inserted in the press 54. After transfer of the pattern of the embossing plate designs and fusing consumable components with each other the design of the plates is removed from the press 54. Further embossed with a combination of plate 60 to cover the floor in a fused structure plates separated by unblocking the blocking mechanisms. According to one aspect of the present invention can be used cutting tools to assist the Department and ensure that the decorative pattern will not be damaged.

According to another aspect of the present invention, the blocking mechanisms can be built into a panel-based 40 after the transfer of the pattern of the stamping surface of the panel-basics 40 which merges with a decorative pattern. Accordingly, the panel 40, which has a relatively large size, such as 4'×8', may be subjected to embossing by means of the press 54. Next, the resulting embossed with a combination of panel-base can be cut into a large number of individual embossed with the alignment plates 60 for a floor covering. According to one aspect of the present invention the edges of the individual embossed with the alignment plates 60 for a floor covering can be smooth and have accurate dimensions. According to one aspect of the present invention, the cutting can be performed on what redstem use forming tools, milling tools, cutting tools, cutoff tools, etc. According to one aspect of the present invention, the panel-base can be cut by a press machine. Accordingly, the panel 40 may be cut into items (e.g., stripes), having dimensions of, for example, 300×300mm, 400×400 mm, 600×600 mm, 1200×300 mm, 1200×400 mm, etc. Then the blocking mechanisms can be built into a separate embossed with a combination of plate 60 to cover the floor. According to one aspect of the present invention, the blocking mechanisms can be hidden under the surface of the plate or they may be visible.

According to the principles of the present invention, the blocking mechanisms can be built into a separate embossed with a combination of plate 60 to cover the floor by aligning at least one of the edges of the panel base, the alignment marks, decorative patterns and surface textures surface plate by means of a milling tool. Through alignment of the milling tool with any of the above signs, ensuring alignment, blocking mechanisms can be obtained by milling at the lateral sides of the panel-basics 40 so that when the plates 60 are connected to each other, at least part of the decorative drawings forming a continuous the pattern and at least a portion embossed with a combination of patterns forms a practically continuous surface texture in adjacent plates to cover the floor.

According to the principles of the present invention embossed with the alignment plate 60 may include a blocking mechanism 64 (e.g., at least one of the system block with Cam and groove system block by connecting with a snap and so on), passing along all four sides of the layered material 60, embossed with the combination. For example, the system block by connecting with snap can be added to all four sides embossed with a combination of plate 60 to cover the floor and used for the connection of a large number of plates 60 in the form embossed with a combination of system 300 floor (as shown in figure 8). The number and location of blocking mechanisms may depend on the desired configuration embossed with a combination of system flooring. For example, when imprinted with a combination of system floor surface adjacent to the corner, you only need two blocking mechanism (along the sides).

As shown in figure 8, embossed with a combination of plates a and b may, for example, include mechanisms blocking along the four sides (for example, along the joints J1, J2, J3 and J4). Embossed with somese the receiving plates C and D can for example, to include mechanisms blocking along the four sides (for example, along the joints J1, J2, J3, while another connection not shown).

Embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering, comprising the above-mentioned blocking mechanisms can be securely attached to each other through the use of glue or without for forming embossed with a combination of system 300 of the layered material. A large number embossed with a combination plates for floor covering can be connected to each other to obtain any desired shape of the floor covering or something like that. Embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering can be connected to each other so that at least part of the received embossed with a combination of patterns of adjacent plates will actually be aligned with each other and will form a practically continuous image and embossed surface texture on the plate system floor covering.

In figures 8 and 9 in the example is embossed with a combination of system 300 a floor covering comprising a single type of blocking mechanism on each of the individual embossed with a combination of plates 60. In figure 9 as an example, presents embossed with a combination system of a floor covering, comprising a plate with a built-in mechanics is the IOM block snap-on type with a crest and groove. According to one aspect of the present invention, the blocking mechanism snap-on type with a crest and groove can be embedded in the side walls of each embossed with a combination of layered products 60 to ensure that the resulting embossed with a combination of patterns of adjacent plates for floor covering will actually be aligned with each other and will actually be continuous within the flooring.

The figure 9 presents a view in cross section of figure 8 along the line 9-9. As shown, the blocking mechanism can be performed by forming grooves 230, ridge 200, the channel 210 and the protrusion 220 along the edges embossed with the alignment plates 60 for a floor covering. The mechanisms blocking the plates 60 can be connected to each other through the introduction of a ridge 200 into the groove 230 adjacent embossed with the alignment plate 60. Further, the protrusion 220 is fixed within the channel 210, thereby connecting the adjacent embossed with the alignment plate 60 for a floor covering in the form embossed with a combination of system 300 flooring. According to one aspect of the present invention embossed with a combination of plate 60, labeled a, b, C and D may be connected to each other using glue or without glue. It should be borne in mind that the sides of the individual embossed with the alignment plates 60 for a floor covering can be the built other types of blocking mechanisms.

If you go back to figure 8, according to her, each embossed with the alignment plates 60 for a floor covering may, for example, to display the received embossed with a combination of figure G1 as the ceramic tiles. Image for ceramic tile may contain a large number of tiles in the form of squares, rectangles, triangles, circles, ovals, or other shapes or drawings, which are separated by lines in the form of a seam to fill the solution. According to one aspect of the invention, the width of the lines Wh, Wv in the form of a seam to fill solution and the width W of the line of the seam from the inside tile can in fact be equal. When embedding blocking mechanism snap-on type with a crest and groove in embossed with a combination of plate 60 to cover the floor line width in the form of a seam to fill the solution adjacent to the joints J1, J2, J3 and J4 on each embossed with a combination of a layered structure a, b, C and D, is approximately half the width W of the line in the form of a seam on the inner side of the tiles. For example, the width (Wv) vertical seam plates at the junction J1 is composed of lines of stitches to cast solution on embossed with a combination of layered structures a, b, C and D so that when the layered structure a, b, C and D are connected on J1, width (Wv) vertical seam is approximately equal to (W). The meet is but the width of the seam on any individual embossed with the alignment plate 60 for a floor covering, adjacent to the connection, is half the width (W) of the seam on the inner side of the tiles. According to another aspect of the present invention the width Wh and Wv horizontal and vertical joints can be adjusted so that she was practically equal to the width W of the seam on the inner side of the tiles. However, it should be borne in mind that the width of the seam embossed with a combination of plates for a covering of a floor will depend on the type built-in blocking mechanism and demonstrated decorative pattern.

Along with lines in the form of a seam to fill the solution in the running embossed with a combination system of a floor covering according to the present invention can be used, and other decorative patterns. As shown in figures 10 and 11, can be created decorative drawings showing, for example, the surface of the G2 in the form of wood fibers, in fact, aligned joints J5 and J6 adjacent plates for floor covering. According to the principles of the present invention, the patterns in the form of wood fibers, in General, include more elements (for example, lines in the wood grain, knots 423 wood etc), passing to the perimeters of the plates for floor coverings that you want to align, as in the case of drawings in the form of ceramic tiles. Accordingly, the alignment pattern in the form of filaments which wood is usually more difficult, than the alignment of the lines in the form of seams to fill the solution in the case of drawings of ceramic tiles. For example, the alignment of the first part in the form of bitch 423 wood textured with a combination of plate E with the second part bitch 423 wood textured with a combination of plate F is usually more complex than the alignment of the line width in the form of a seam to fill the grout in the joints of adjacent plates for floor covering. Accordingly, in the manufacture of the blocking mechanism must take into account all graphic elements (eg lines of wood fibers and knots 423 wood) to ensure realistic, embossed with a combination of system 400 flooring. According to one aspect of the present invention, at least one part of the decorative pattern may be used as marks for alignment, ensure continuous alignment between adjacent plates for flooring.

According to another aspect of the present invention a separate plate for a floor covering in performed by stamping with a combination of system 400 flooring can be connected to each other by means of a mechanical locking system of the type shown in figure 11, which represents a view in cross section of figure 10 along the line 11-11. Again in the manufacture of the blocking mechanism and the use of such technology alignment what is performed by embossing with a combination of system 400 of the layered structure has a texture surface 423, which is actually continuous at the joints J5 and J6. Alternatively performed by embossing with a combination of the layered structure 60 have a cushioning layer 70 under the sheet 48 of the base.

In figures 12A and 12B presents schematic views of a plate for flooring in accordance with the principles of the present invention.

As shown in figures 12A and 12B, the upper surface of the perimeter P of each embossed with a combination plate for a floor covering can be recessed below the top surface in parts of the plate, surrounded by a perimeter. The object (for example, shoes pedestrians, wheel etc)in contact with the main surface Ms of the plate for a floor covering, usually not in contact with the surface of the perimeter of Ps due to the recessed surface perimeter. According to one aspect of the present invention, the perimeter may include part of the plate, passing from the edge of the plate approximately 3.175 mm to its center. According to another aspect of the present invention the depth to which the recessed surface of the perimeter of the plate for a floor covering, approximately 0,794 mm According to another aspect of the present invention, the surface of at least one part of the perimeter of the plate for a floor covering can the t and not to be buried, what will be discussed hereinafter in more detail with reference to figure 13.

Accordingly embossed with the alignment pattern can be created on the edges of the plates may be aligned with embossed with a combination of patterns formed on adjacent plates can be prevented premature abrasion of the edges of each plate for a floor covering.

Although figures 8 and 10 shows that a single plate system floor covering actually have the same shape and size and connect them with each other so that each plate is connected to only one adjacent plate, it should be borne in mind that a separate plate system flooring can vary in size (e.g., width and/or length) and shape (for example, in terms of their implementation rectangular, square, triangular, hexagonal etc). According to one aspect of the present invention a separate plate for a floor covering can have complementary shapes that can be assembled like a puzzle or mosaic. In addition, one aspect of the present invention assumes that the sides of the separate plates for floor covering may touch more than one adjacent plate.

According to the principles of the present invention plates for floor systems floor coverings can be situated is s thus, that, at least, one side of each plate will include at least one suprastine adjacent at least two other Suprastinum. According to another aspect of the present invention each plate may include, notably, in whole or in part, at least one suprastine that will be described in more detail below.

According to figure 13A, for example, partial supplanting 134A plate 130A can be a complementing suprastine in relation to the adjacent partial cobblestone V plate V adjacent to the plate 130A. In the case of such a configuration is partial appletini 134A and V can be designed to look like a single supplanting.

Figure 13A also shows that each of the plates 130A-F may contain at least three appletini, with at least one of suprastin is a single suprastine, and at least two of suprastin represent partial appletini. For example, supplanting 132A is a single suprastine and appletini 134A and A represent partial appletini.

According to one aspect of the present invention a single supplanting 132A can provide full decorative pattern together with an embossed surface texture or without it, colorature to be combined or not with a decorative pattern. According to another aspect of the present invention partial appletini 134A and A plate can provide a separate, incomplete decorative drawings together with embossed surface textures or without them, which can be combined or not with decorative drawings. According to one aspect of the present invention neighboring partial appletini adjacent plates can complement each other in such a way that they will create a virtually complete decorative pattern and/or texture of the surface and will look like actually continuous, single supplanting. According to one aspect of the present invention are complementary partial appletini can have complementary decorative drawings and/or embossed surface texture. Accordingly, when the complementary partial appletini adjacent plates are aligned properly, can be formed virtually continuous (i.e. finished) a decorative pattern and/or embossed surface texture adjacent, complementary partial Suprastinum. According to one aspect of the present invention appletini within plate may or not contain virtually the same decorative pattern and/or the same embossed surface texture.

Figure 13B presents the schematic view shown in the qualities of the sample plate 130, such as the one shown in figure 13A.

According to one aspect of the present invention part of the peripheral surface of each plate may be buried in those places where neighboring appletini not complement each other. According to another aspect of the present invention part of the peripheral surface of each plate may not be buried in those places where neighboring appletini complement each other. As shown in figure 13B, the upper surface of the perimeter "P" of each of the plates 130, indicated by the position a may be slightly recessed in comparison with the main surface of each of the plates (see figure 12B), to prevent premature wear of each of the plates. In addition, part of the upper surface of the perimeter of each of the plates 130, indicated by the position 138b, may not be buried, and in fact can be coplanar with the main surface of suprastin. The depth only of parts of the peripheral surface of each of the plates in places not occupied decorative drawings and/or embossed surface textures partial subplates plate allows complementary partial Suprastinum look as part of a single appletini, not actually reducing the full durability of each of the plates. According to another aspect of the present image is etenia part of the surface of each plate may be buried in those places, where appletini plates adjacent to each other. As shown in figure 13B, the upper surface of each of the plates 130, indicated by the position s may be slightly recessed in comparison with the main surface of each of the plates (see figure 12B) to provide visual and structural effect that each of suprastin is not part of the same plate.

In figures 14A-14C presents taken as an example plate system floor covering according to another aspect of the present invention.

As shown in figures 14A-14C, similar to the plate shown in figures 13A and 13B, the upper surface of the perimeter "P" of each of the plates 130, indicated by the position a may be beveled to prevent premature wear of each of the plates. In addition, part of the upper surface of the perimeter of each of the plates 130, indicated by the position 138b may not be beveled so that they will actually be coplanar with the main surface of the sub-panel. Mowing peripheral surface of each of the plates in the places that correspond to decorative drawings and/or embossed surface textures partial sub-panel plate, allows complementary partial sub-panel to appear as part of a single sub-panel does not actually reduce full durability kardasis plates. According to another aspect of the present invention part of the surface of each plate can be made with a groove in those places where the sub-panel plates adjacent to each other.

In figures 14B and 14C are cross-sectional plate 130 along the lines of, respectively, the I-I' and II-II'. As shown in figures 14B and 14C, the upper surface of each of the plates 130, indicated by the position s may be beveled to form the grooves. This groove may also prevent premature wear of each of the plates. Thus, the groove provides a visual and structural effect that the sub-panel plates are made separate. According to one aspect of the present invention, the bevel at the place indicated by the position s can create the groove having actually V-shaped. However, it should be borne in mind that the bevel can lead to the creation of grooves with other topographic characteristics (for example, U-shaped grooves and so on). According to one aspect of the present invention mowing each of the plates 130 at the peripheral part a surface leads to the creation of grooves between adjacent plates. Accordingly, the groove formed between adjacent plates by cutting in the place indicated by the position a, is actually the same width and topography that the grooves, formed in the plates by cutting in the place indicated by the position s.

The pattern and/or texture of the surface available to the recessed surface of the perimeter of each plate may or not match the pattern/texture surface on a main surface of the corresponding plate. Thus, the continuous picture and/or effectively continuous surface texture can either not take place on the surfaces of the perimeter and the inner part of any individual plates. For levelling decorative pattern on the plates can be used for leveling labels or markings (not shown). According to one aspect of the present invention embossed with a combination of pattern can be a freely chosen form or can be designed for your needs. It should be borne in mind that virtually any embossed with a combination of pattern or any decorative pattern can be implemented through the use of the principles according to the present invention. According to one aspect of the present invention, the alignment plate may be made visually, by their connection with each other. Accordingly, the alignment plate 130 can be accomplished through the use of decorative pattern and/or embossed surface texture is particular to each of the plates.

Although it is shown that the plate according to figures 13A, 13B and 14A-14C actually made rectangular, the principles of the present invention provide the ability to perform plates system flooring with other shapes and sizes (for example, geometric, free form and so on) or with different or similar dimensions, so that plate for flooring can be collected with the layout of the "mosaic" type or another monotonous, polupoterey or disorderly arrangement of plates. In addition, although it is shown that each plate has the same location of sub-panel, the principles of the present invention allow the plate within the system floor covering had other location of sub-panel (for example, other shapes, sizes, etc. of the sub-panel). A separate plate system floor covering can be cut from the plate so that the connection between the plates of the system will not be visible. In addition, the plate system of the floor shown in figures 13 and 14, can be connected to each other through the use of glue or without glue. In addition, although it was noted that the embossed surface texture actually align with the underlying decorative pattern, it should be borne in mind that virtually any embossed surface texture can be transferred to the plates coz the ACLs present invention regardless of the underlying decorative pattern. Further decorative pictures and/or embossed surface texture of one plate can be aligned in appearance and/or texture with decorative drawings and/or embossed surface textures of adjacent plates, or can even be remotely similar to them.

According to the principles of the present invention any of the above decorative drawings and/or embossed surface textures, which may or not be obtained by embossing with a combination of decorative drawings (collectively referred to as "patterns"), can be applied to any of the above plates for forming a virtually continuous pattern in adjacent plates located along the given direction, by forming each of the patterned wafer using at least one primary pattern and at least one edge pattern.

According to one aspect of the present invention, each of the edge pattern may be at the peripheral part of the plate, passing along at least part of at least one edge of each plate. According to another aspect of the present invention, each of the regional pattern can be carried by a given distance (for example, about one millimeter, one inch, and so on) to the inner part of the plate away from its perimeter. According to another aspect of this is subramania, at least one primary pattern can be located near at least one edge of the pattern, and the pattern present at the edge of the main pattern, adjacent to the regional pattern, can form a virtually continuous visual/structural pattern, pattern, existing at the edge of the boundary of the pattern adjacent to the main pattern.

According to one aspect of the present invention, the patterns of individual plates located to fit to each other along a predetermined direction within the system flooring can complement patterns of adjacent plates (i.e. to form a virtually continuous patterns on adjacent plates), if the regional patterns of adjacent plates form a virtually continuous pattern. When the system described above floor contains a large number of adjacent plates along the given direction, and when the edges of each plate are fit to edge patterns other plates along a given direction, the regional patterns of adjacent plates will be identical or substantially identical. Identical or virtually identical regional patterns of adjacent plates ensure formation of a continuous pattern in adjacent plates.

For example, as shown in figure 15A, taken as an example of the pattern plate 150 may include two boundary pattern 152, in fact, the IDA is in part to each other, and the main pattern 154. As shown in figure 15A, two virtually identical boundary pattern 152 are located at the peripheral part of the plate 150, passing along the opposite side edges of the plate and passing through a given distance to the inner part of the plate 150. In figure 15A also shows that the pattern at the edge of the main pattern 154 adjacent to edge patterns 152, forms a practically continuous pattern with a pattern of edge patterns 152, adjacent to the main pattern.

If we now turn to the 15V figure, it is shown that a large number of plates 150A, 150V, 150C, etc. similar to the plate presented on figure 15A, can be located near each other within the system flooring along a predetermined direction so that the edges of each plate are adjacent to the edges of the other plates along a predetermined direction (for example, the edge of the plate 150A adjacent to the edge of the plate 150V, the edge of the plate 150 adjacent to the edge of the plate 150D etc). As mentioned above, can be formed in fact a continuous pattern on a separate plate 150, since the main pattern 154 in fact aligned with edge patterns 152.

In the embodiment of the invention the specified direction in which the plates are based on the adjacent boundary patterns of the plates, so that only by the location of the plates in a given direction about the broken off pattern will be continuous and have a natural look. In this embodiment, the direction change plate on the back or moving it to another position would violate the continuity of the pattern. However, it should be borne in mind that in another embodiment, the regional patterns along part of the perimeter can be chosen so that the change of direction on the reverse, moving to another position or another reinstall plates will not break the pattern, i.e. the pattern is continuous.

In one embodiment, the specified direction based on the blocking mechanism, which connects the adjacent plate so that the plate will not coincide with each other appropriately, if they are located in a direction that differs from the given direction. One example of such a blocking mechanism is not containing adhesive system with ridge and groove, in which the ridge is formed along at least one edge of the plate, and the groove is formed along the opposite edge. In one embodiment, the specified direction based on regional patterns 152 and glueless the blocking mechanism.

According to the principles of the present invention the basic patterns A-154F may or not be the same. According to one aspect of the present invention, each of the main patterns 154 within the flooring system may be non-repeatable. In addition, according to the principles of the present invention regional patterns of individual plates can be virtually identical. Therefore, the regional patterns of adjacent plates in the system flooring, which actually formed a continuous pattern along a specified direction, will be virtually identical. In fact, a continuous pattern can be made on the plate 150A, since the main pattern A and regional patterns 152A will be aligned with each other to create a virtually continuous pattern. In fact, continuous patterns can be individually created by the plates 150V, 150C, etc. because their corresponding basic patterns V, S etc., and regional patterns V, S etc. in this way will be aligned with each other to create a virtually continuous pattern.

Because of the regional patterns of plates 150A-150F within the flooring system shown in figure 15V identical, the regional pattern 152A actually generates a continuous pattern in conjunction with the regional pattern W, the regional pattern S actually generates a continuous pattern with the regional pattern 152D, etc. Respectively in fact a continuous pattern can be formed on the plates 150A and 150V on the plate 150C and 150D, etc. Boundary or connection between the regional pattern 152A and regional pattern V actually not visible or the appearance of a border or compounds reduced to an absolute minimum. Similarly, boundary or connection between the regional pattern S and regional pattern 152D is not actually visible or ViDi is awn presence of boundaries or connections reduced to an absolute minimum. Boundary or connection between the regional pattern E and regional pattern 152F actually not visible or the appearance of a border or compounds reduced to an absolute minimum.

In one of the embodiments of the present invention, in which all regional patterns are virtually identical, any of the plates 150A-150F can substitute for any other plate within the system flooring while maintaining virtually continuous pattern on the plates adjacent to each other along a predetermined direction. This is because all the main patterns of the plate is actually aligned with the corresponding edge pattern for forming a virtually continuous patterns within the plate, and because all of the regional patterns of the plates adjacent to each other within the system flooring, identical, creating the shape of virtually continuous patterns on the plates adjacent to each other along a given direction.

In one embodiment, the plate may be adjacent the right and left edge patterns 152 are practically identical, while the opposite left and right edge patterns 152 are not identical.

For example, in the figure 15C single Subpanel 132 plate 150 may have a pattern, provide basic pattern 154G, partial Subpanel 134 may have a pattern, provide basic pattern 154I and regional pattern 152, and a partial Subpanel 136 can the t to have a pattern, provide basic pattern N and regional pattern 152, the basic patterns 154G-154I may or may not be the same. However, as mentioned above, the edge patterns 152, the perimeter of the partial sub-panel 134 and 136 of the plate 150 and passing along the side edges of the plate 150, identical to each other. Accordingly, as shown in figure 13A, when, for example, plates 130A and V are fit to each other along a predetermined direction, the edge patterns 152 complementary partial sub-panel 134A and V will be virtually identical to each other and to adjacent plates may be formed of virtually continuous pattern, the basic patterns of complementary partial sub-panel actually become part of a continuous pattern, giving the impression, visual and structural, single auxiliary panel.

In addition, the figures 15C and 15D shows that a floor covering, comprising such plates are shown in figures 13A-14C, can be performed with virtually continuous patterns on the plates adjacent to each other along a predetermined direction, by applying the methods described above with reference to figures 15A and 15C. Figure 15D shows the plate with a pattern in the form of wood fibers, in the case of the layout shown in figure 15C. Because of the regional pattern 152A is virtually identical to shift the efforts of the regional pattern V, plates 150A and 150V have the appearance of the pattern is actually continuous fibers of wood, continuously running along the boundary or connection between the regional pattern 152A and regional pattern V adjacent plates.

Further, since the regional patterns 152A and V are not along the entire length of the boundary or connection between the plates 150A and 150V, but only along the part corresponding to the height of the partial bottom half of the plate, the pattern is not continuous on the part of the border between the plates 150A and 150V, which corresponds to the full height of the panels on the top half of the plate.

As mentioned above, within the system of floor coverings, including of the plate shown in figures 13A-14C and 15C, the basic patterns within the sub-panel plates may or not be the same. According to one aspect of the present invention, each of the main patterns within systems of floor covering may be non-repeatable.

On the 15TH figure shows a variant embodiment of the invention, in which the regional patterns of the plates are identical (or virtually identical) in each plate. More precisely, five shows four plates 150A, 150V, 150C and 150D, located so that the plate 150A is adjacent to the left edge of the plate 150V and adjacent to the upper edge of the plate 150C. Plate 150D is adjacent to the right edge of the plate 150C and adjacent to the bottom edge of p is required 150V.

In this embodiment, the decorative paper each plate has a pattern of wood. However, it is understood that other patterns that look naturally and differ from the structure of wood, can also be provided in this invention. Figure wood panel 150A, for example, includes a full panel or strip A on the upper half of the plate, short incomplete panel A and long incomplete panel A. Each of the panels has a pattern in the form of wood fibers. In addition, short and long incomplete panel A and A have regional pattern 152, which runs along part of the perimeter of the plate, the width of incomplete panels A and A, and which can be carried for a short distance (e.g., one inch) to the interior of the panels. Regional patterns 152 incomplete panels A and E identical. Regional patterns 152 also may not pass to the interior of the panels.

Similarly, plate 150V, 150C and 150D are full panel respectively V, S and 155D, passing along the length of the plate, and the short bar V, S and 151D, which are contiguous with long panels respectively V, S and 153D. Each of the short and long panels may have the same regional pattern 152 along part of the perimeter of the plate corresponding to the width of the short and long panels.

All of the short panels A-D long is anela A-D and full panels A-D are patterns in the form of wood fibers, which differ from each other or to some extent similar to each other. In this particular example are identical only the edge patterns 152 incomplete panels. In addition, the regional pattern and the pattern in the form of wood fibers on the inner part of each incomplete panels form a continuous pattern. In other words, each of the short panel long panel are continuous General patterns in the form of wood fibers, which differ from each other, despite the fact that regional patterns 152 are equal.

When plates 150A and 150V set to fit to each other, as shown in figa, full panel A and B will adjoin to each other, with long panel A and short panel W will also adjoin to each other. Full panel A and B appear as separate panels, and the pattern in the form of wood fibers passes through them with the interruption, because the adjacent edge of the full panels. But since the edge patterns 152 long panel A and short panel B the same, there are non-repeatable patterns in the form of fibres wood panels A and B for the formation of a single continuous panel with non-repeatable pattern in the form of wood fibers passing through the plates 150A and 150V. In addition, the appearance of full and continuous panels with non-repeatable pattern in the form of wood fibers passing through the panels A and V p is Astin, bring to low visibility or appearance of the connection or the boundaries between plates. Similarly, the pattern in the form of wood fibers on panels C and 151D also runs continuously.

In one embodiment, the plates 150A, 150V, 150C and 150D may have a surface texture that is performed by embossing with a combination with a picture of wood on decorative paper. Since the edge patterns 152 are part of this pattern, and each plate may be the same or virtually identical, embossed surface texture will look continuous along the incomplete panels of adjacent plates in the same manner as mentioned above. In another embodiment, embossed with a combination of surface texture may include bevels to simulate the seams between panels, so that, for example, in the plate 150A full panel A will have a bevel along its perimeter, including the border between the panel A and incomplete panels A and A. Incomplete panel A and A should have a bevel where they are adjacent to each other, but incomplete panel should not have a bevel along part of the perimeter of the plate 150A, where the edge patterns 152. Thus a continuous pattern in the form of wood fibers and the corresponding embossed with a combination of surface texture can continuously pass through the plates 150A and 150V without interrupting the bevel. This is more reduces the visibility of the border between the plates.

In that case, if all edge patterns 152 are identical, the present invention provides the ability to match any of the plates with each other in a predetermined direction in which the long panel 153 is adjacent to the short panel 151 of the other plate, because the edge patterns 152 will always be aligned in such a way as to create the appearance of a continuous pattern in the form of wood fibers passing through the adjacent long and short panels of the two plates. For example, if the position of the plates 150A and 150V will be changed to the reverse so that the plate 150V was adjacent to the upper edge of the plate 150C), the regional pattern 152 long panel W be combined or aligned with the regional pattern of the short panel A, forming a continuous pattern in the form of wood fibers in the panels B and A on plates 150V and 150A.

The present invention allows to reduce the complexity associated with the installation of the floor of the laminated material, because it doesn't matter what panel installed adjacent to each other in a given direction. Patterns will be aligned. In one embodiment, the plate 150 provides glueless system of mutual blocking, containing the ridge and the groove in which the ridge is formed on two adjacent peripheral edges of the panel and the groove formed in two opposite adjacent peripheral edges, so that lastine may coincide with each other only in the direction of alignment of the long panels 153 short panels 151, for example, where there are regional patterns 152.

In the present example embodiment, as described above, the decorative drawings and structural elements of the pattern, for example, in the form of wooden planks held on separate adjacent plates. However, the figure in the form of wooden strips has a length equal to the plate to ensure interchangeability boards to ensure ease of installation.

In the figure 16 presents the configuration 100 of the floor with plates 102 and 104. Plate 102 contains elements 106 and plate 104 contains elements 108. In this embodiment, the elements 106 include educated diagonal patterns 103A-103g, separated from each other by a distance H. the Patterns 103A-103g delineate plate 102, which is shown in the figure. Similarly, the elements 108 include patterns 105A-105h. Patterns 105A-105h, as shown, are separated from each other at a distance X and also have a diagonal configuration. Patterns 105A-105h delineate plate 104, which is shown in the figure. It should be borne in mind that the patterns 103A-103f and patterns 105A-105h can have any build in elements 106 and 108, so that the patterns 103A-103f and patterns 105A-105f are symmetrical with respect to each other in accordance with the variants of implementation of the present invention. Therefore, according to a possible alternative implementation of the present invention is the process 103A-103f and patterns 105A-105h can be of a circular configuration, so the patterns 103A-103f and patterns 105A-105h were symmetric with respect to each other. As you can see in the figure, the patterns 103d, 103e, 103f, and 103g are related with patterns, respectively, 105A, 105b, 105c and 105d, thus forming a figure of 100 flooring.

According to another variant implementation of the present invention, the plates 102 and 104 of the floor can be shifted relative to each other at a distance X, thus forming the pattern 110, which is more clearly shown in figure 17. Figure 110 patterns 103d, 103e and 103f, as shown, are related with patterns, respectively, 105b, 105c and 105d.

In addition, the plate 102 and the plate 104 can be further displaced relative to each other at a distance of 2, as shown in figure 18. In this case, the plate 102 and the plate 104 is shifted by twice the distance X between the patterns 103A-103f and patterns 105A-105h, so that the patterns 103d, 103e and 103g are related with patterns 105c, 105d and e, forming the pattern 112, which is shown in figure 18.

In other embodiments, implementation of the present invention, the plates 102 and 104 can be displaced relative to each other by a factor of the distance X, for example 3-7, which is more clearly shown in figures 19-23, thus forming the drawings 114, 116, 118, 120 and 122 of the floor. As shown in figure 19, the plate 102 is displaced relative to the plate 104 at a distance of 3, so that the patterns 103d, 103f, and 103g will be Smin the mi respectively with patterns 105d, 105e and 105f to form a figure 114. Figure 116 is formed by alignment patterns e, 103f, and 103g plate 102 with patterns respectively e, 105f and 105g plate 104, as shown in figure 20. In this embodiment, when the plate 102 and the plate 104 are displaced relative to each other at a distance of 4, is formed figure 116. In another embodiment, when the plate 102 and the plate 104 are displaced relative to each other at a distance of 5X, as shown in figure 21, is formed figure 118. More precisely, when the formed pattern 118, patterns, 103d, 103e, 103f, and 103g are aligned with patterns a, 105f, 105g and 105h.

When patterns 103d, 103e and 103f are aligned with patterns, respectively, 105f, 105g and 105h as shown in figure 22, is formed figure 120. In particular, the pattern 120 is formed when the offset between the strip 102 and the strip 104 will be the distance 6X, as shown in the figure. The figure 23 shows the pattern 122 formed when plate 102 is displaced with respect to the plate 104 at a distance of 7. When the plate 102 and the plate 104 will be displaced at a distance of 7, pattern 103d and a plate 102 are aligned with patterns respectively 105g and 105h of the plate 104.

The plate 102 and the plate 104 can be displaced relative to each other according to the pattern located on each of the plates 102 and 104, for example at a distance X. in Addition, the plate 102 and the plate 104 m which may be offset by the ratio of the distance X, for example, these distances 2-7, to form various figures flooring.

As mentioned earlier, patterns 103A-103g and patterns 105A-105h can have different forms. These patterns may include elliptical contours, linear circuits located at different angles in the elements 106 and 108, and the like. In such alternative embodiments, when the workpiece are these alternative patterns and offset relative to each other, are formed alternative drawings, as discussed above with respect to figures 100, 110, 112, 114, 116, 118, 120 and 122.

Plates 102 and 104 can be made of any material used in cases of flooring, such as wood, cork, marble and the like. In addition, the surface texture can be accomplished by mechanical stamping on the plates 102 and 104 to cover the floor. According to one aspect of the present invention performed by mechanical embossing of the surface texture can be achieved by combination with a decorative pattern. Thus, the plates 102 and 104 can be formed by stamping with a combination.

According to another variant, taken as an example, the system with building panels intended for use as a floor covering, includes a large number of identically the x plates presented in figure 24A. It is obvious that the present invention can be used to create building panels, such as wall panels, the intermediate roof, ceiling panels or something like that. Plate for a floor covering, presented in figure 24A, includes alternating strips 200 and 201, located 4 subcells 204 along the length of the plate. Each strip on the plate has at least one end located at the edge of the plate. Bands in the sub at the ends of the plate may have a portion of both ends in different corners of the plate. In addition, as shown in figure 24, the lines 200 and 201 can have different widths. By replacing the two identical plates adjacent to each other in the vertical direction so that the ends of the strips 200 of one plate will be aligned with the strips 200 other plates, and so that the ends of the strips 201 one plate will be aligned with the strips 201 other plates can be created number of different drawings of the floor. The first picture shown in figure 24, is a zigzag pattern, which strips 200 and 201 look like passing through the adjacent plate. Another image presented on figs has a strip 200 and 201, forming the configuration of the flooring or rectangular in shape with a long edge where the two plates.

Rhythm is at the floor with any picture improve by the end of each strip in a continuous regional pattern 202 or 203 there where the strip meets the edge of the plate. Continuous regional patterns 202 and 203 may be the same or different. When plates are set with their adherence to each other, where continuous regional patterns of the two plates are adjacent and opposite to each other, a decorative stripe pattern will be continuous from one lane one plate to the corresponding band of the next plate.

An additional option is shown in figures 25A and 25V, demonstrates plate 300 having a pattern that includes a certain number of differently colored and textured stripes 301-306, but have the same width. By locating two identical plates 300 to fit to each other in the vertical direction, but offset relative to each other horizontally, you can create a variety of drawings of floor coverings when using this variant of the invention, with only one plate. For example, in the figure 25A presents the pattern of the parquet or quadrangular figure, which strips 303 plate 300 are fit to each other in such a way as to create the appearance of continuity in their passage through the plates. Strip 304 align with stripes 302 to create a pleasant visual and aesthetic perspective drawing, with strips 306 are aligned to four is investing a single square shape in the centre of the figure.

By locating the vertical plate 300 with different horizontal offset will be formed by the composition of the floor, having a zig-zag pattern shown in figure 25. Due to the horizontal plates, presented in figure 25A, the adjacent vertical plates, respectively, of the strip 301 and 304, the lines 302 and 305, as well as strips 303 and 306 are aligned and will provide the appearance of continuous strips. According to an additional aspect of this option, the ends of the strips at the edge of the plate may include a continuous edge pattern or continuous regional pattern consistent with an embossed surface texture, so that the regional patterns and embossed surface texture will look like continuously passing through the vertical and horizontal connecting plates.

It is clear that the plates for a covering of a floor or building panel according to the present invention can be manufactured from a wide variety of materials and is not limited to layered materials. Plates can be made of solid wood such as veneer of different species on the surface, which includes patterns such as stripes. In this embodiment, natural veneer wood just cut to create a regional patterns, which are aligned from one plate to another.

Qualified experts who am in this area will be clear, without deviation from the scope and merits of the present invention can be designed in many variants and modifications. Therefore, it can be assumed that the present invention covers the modifications and variations provided that they fall within the scope of the attached claims and their equivalents.

1. The system of forming a visual pattern containing a first plate having a first pattern containing lines of the first pattern, separated from each other by the first distance, and a second plate having a second pattern containing lines of the second pattern, the first pattern and the second pattern are made symmetrical to each other, and the first and second patterns are adjacent in the transverse direction of the first and second plates, and each of the lines of the first pattern is continuous with the corresponding line of the lines of the second pattern, when the first and second plates are placed next to each other and offset relative to each each other by a given distance for the formation of the first decorative pattern, the specified distance is equal to the first multiple of the first distance and less than the length of the first plate.

2. The system according to claim 1, in which the lines of the second pattern are separated from each other by the first distance.

3. The system according to claim 2, in which the specified distance is the second edge is the resultant of the first distance for the formation of the second decorative pattern, which is different from the first decorative pattern.

4. The system according to claim 1, in which the first plate and the second plate are wooden plate for a floor covering.

5. The system according to claim 1, in which the first pattern and the second pattern to form the pattern of the floor.

6. The system according to claim 1, in which the first and second plates contain embossed surface texture with a combination of the first and second patterns.

7. The system according to claim 1, in which the first plate includes: a ridge extends from the perimeter of one side of the first plate; and a groove that runs along the perimeter of the opposite edge of the first plate.

8. The system according to claim 7, in which the second plate includes: a ridge extends from the perimeter of one side of the second plate; and a groove that runs along the perimeter of the opposite edge of the second plate, and in any of the grooves may extend any of the crests.

9. The system according to claim 1, in which the pattern includes an embossed surface texture.

10. The system according to claim 1, in which each of the first and second plates also contains an in-depth edge extending along at least part of the perimeter of each of the first and second plates.

11. Method of forming pattern using the first plate having a first pattern having a first line pattern, and a second plate having a second pattern having a second line pattern, and line of the first pattern and the turn of the second pattern are symmetrical relative to each other, where: place the first plate next to the second plate and offset from it by a specified distance equal to less than the length of the first plate, so that the lines of the first pattern will be adjacent to the lines of the second pattern, thereby forming the image.

12. The method according to claim 11, in which the lines of the first pattern are at the first distance from each other, and the second line pattern are at the first distance from each other.

13. The method according to claim 11, which further displace the first plate relative to the second plate so that the second line of the lines of the first pattern is adjacent to the first line patterns of the second pattern, thereby forming a second pattern of the flooring.

14. The method according to claim 11, in which the first plate and the second plate is a plate made of wood for flooring.

15. The method according to item 12, in which the specified distance is a multiple of the first distance, and in which place the first plate next to the second plate and slip from her first multiple of the first distance for the formation of the first visual pattern.

16. The method according to clause 15, which also placed first plate next to the second plate and slip from her second multiple of the first distance for the formation of the second visual pattern.

17. The method according to clause 16, which also placed first plate next to the second plate and shift from n the e on the third multiple of the first distance to produce a third visual pattern.

18. The method according to claim 11, in which each of the first and second plates also contains an in-depth edge extending along at least part of the perimeter of each of the first and second plates.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to flooring panel. Flooring panel consists of two different layers, which help to correct impact noise.

EFFECT: reduced impact noise in process of walking.

8 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction, in particular to floor structure. Floor on concrete foundation comprises screed of cement-sand mortar or concrete, sleepers and planking. Each sleeper is equipped with anchors mounted along its full length and built-in in screed, which is arranged only in zones of sleepers location. Distance between any two neighbouring anchors is selected from condition where l is distance between neighbouring anchors, cm; h is height of sleeper, cm; Rc is rated resistance of sleeper wood, kgf/cm2; b is sleeper width, cm. If width of sleeper makes b≥6 cm, anchors are mounted along its full length in two rows.

EFFECT: improved operational properties of floor.

6 cl, 4 dwg

Flooring // 2382857

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, in particular to method for manufacturing of flooring, made of hard floor panels, which at least at edges of two opposite sides are equipped with connection elements, which interact between each other. Connection elements are equipped with mechanical locking facilities constituting a single whole, which prevent spread of two connecting floor panels in direction perpendicular to according edges and parallel to lower surface of connecting floor panels.

EFFECT: improved operational properties of floor.

10 cl, 25 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: methods involve fabrication of one or more moisture-resistant flooring panels and installation of panel (panels) of flooring on the construction of the building floor. Each panel of flooring includes wooden plate item and mat made from non-woven material bonded at least to one side of wooden plate item.

EFFECT: increasing floor moisture resistance.

20 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction industry.

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EFFECT: reducing labour input when laying compensation profile.

13 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, in particular to floor panel. Each panel on longitudinal or transverse edge has a comb protruding beyond this longitudinal or transverse edge, and slot which corresponds to comb of adjacent panel on opposite longitudinal or transverse edge, being surrounded with side sections of panel. For fixation of two adjacent panels inserted into each other on at least one surface of comb in separate areas, at least one protruding fixing element is provided, and accordingly, in area of panel section (-s) corresponding to this fixing element with panels being joined to each other, there is a deepening (-s) provided as corresponding to fixing element (-s), besides area (B) of comb that bears fixing element and/or at least one of comb areas and sections of panel, which in case of comb insertion in slot prior to fixing element entry into deepening are in contact, accordingly is/are arranged as elastic so that this elasticity is more than elasticity of fixing element.

EFFECT: simplified assembly of panels.

23 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, in particular to floor boards of plank materials with mechanical connecting systems. Floor boards are described, which are equipped with mechanical connecting system comprising flexible rabbet in slot providing for displacement, which is displaced in process of motion in case of vertical folding. Besides rabbet making is described, as well as manufacturing and installation methods.

EFFECT: improved accuracy of floor boards installation and operational reliability of floor.

38 cl, 24 dwg

Floor panel // 2372456

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, in particular to floor panel (1) of rectangular shape with base (2) of wood material and with decorative layer on upper side of panel. Side edges of panel are arranged as pairwise opposite to each other. Pair of side edges has geometrically closed responsive hook-like profiles: receiving hook (9), inverted to lower side of floor panel, and also fixing hook (10) on opposite side edge, inverted to upper side of floor panel (1). Both hooks have peripheral side surface, at least with one protruding fixator (13, 14), with which receiving pocket (21, 22) is matched in responsive receiving hook (9), and fixing hook (10) by means of fixing motion perpendicularly to plane of floor panel (1) is fixed with receiving hook (9). Between fixator (13, 14) of fixing hook (10) and upper side of floor panel there is distance provided equal at least to one third of the whole thickness of panel.

EFFECT: prevention of crack formation near decorative layer of panel.

8 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: laminated floor boards contain decorative patterns; surface finishes, which are mechanically embossed with matching; deepened perimeters and fixation mechanisms. Neighboring boards that are actually evened relative to each other makes it possible to create matched impressed patterns passing actually continuously through neighboring floor panels. Separate boards in flooring system may contain at least one incomplete subpanel having decorative pattern and/or impressed surface finish (i.e. pattern), which is complementary to pattern of adjacent incomplete subpanel or board. Each board may include edge patterns located near some part of board edge, and at least one main pattern, adjacenebt with edge patterns. Edge patterns on board or boards in flooring system are actually identical to each other. Main patterns create an actually continuous pattern with adjacent edge pattern on a separate board.

EFFECT: simplified assembly of floor and prevention of its premature wear.

22 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: decorative surfaces of panels are visually matched to each other at least on one side, so that in process of transition from one installed panel to another neighboring installed panel, a continuous pattern of decor is created. Continuous pattern in context of the present invention is represented as wood-type decor, when texture of reproduced wood is not visually interrupted in transition from one installed panel to neighboring installed panel, therefore, there is no displacement between according specified textures. The same is effective for other decors, for instance stone-type decors.

EFFECT: improved quality of coating.

9 cl, 4 dwg

Sectional floor // 2245971

FIELD: building, particularly floor structures in rooms adapted for electronic and electrical equipment installation.

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EFFECT: increased operational performance.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly adjustable floor supports.

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EFFECT: improved service performance.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly adjustable supports for raised floor or double-floor structures.

SUBSTANCE: set comprises threaded rod with nut screwed on rod, short cylindrical member connected to plate by one end thereof and replaceable cylindrical head having inner conical surface. Difference between head end diameters is 0.4 - 0.6 mm. Method of support assembling involves placing cylindrical member on floor; putting replaceable head on cylindrical member and inserting threaded rod in head.

EFFECT: extended range of technical capabilities along with maintaining high connection reliability.

7 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly composite raised floors made of panels and defining space for laying electric cables and/or providing ventilation.

SUBSTANCE: support comprises rod fixedly secured to support panel and body formed as sleeve and having support flange on the first end and cylindrical flange on another one. Cylindrical flange may be axially displaced and fixed on rod. Sleeve side has part with curvilinear surface extending over at least half of sleeve length defined by flanges. Curvilinear surface is formed by rotation of second-order line segment around support axis.

EFFECT: increased strength characteristics, particularly directional stability of support body subjected to axial alternating loads when temporary compression force is applied to support body.

19 cl, 6 dwg

Raised floor panel // 2250316

FIELD: building, particularly raised floor panels installed on adjustable supports and used for assembling floors in rooms equipped with computer or other electronic devices.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes inner load-bearing layer of resin-bonded chipboard material, upper and lower layers of sheet metal. At least two opposite sides of inner load-bearing layer are impregnated with primer and aqueous glue is applied to the sides. Above sides are then covered with polyvinylchloride coating. Primer and aqueous glue are acrylic-based and include dag. Inner layer comprises at least two layers with increased density cooperating with upper and lower panel layers. Electric resistance between outer surfaces of opposite panel ends covered with polyvinylchloride coating is not more than 0.1 Ohm.

EFFECT: improved service properties and increased panel rigidity.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly raised floors in offices adapted for heavy equipment installation.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes tray-like metal member forming panel base and side walls having folded inwards edges extending in parallel to panel base. Arranged inside tray is load-bearing layer covered with metal sheet. Load-bearing layer has non-uniform density along height thereof and includes groove extending along layer perimeter. Metal sheet has peripheral extension formed in lower side thereof and cooperating with groove. Folded edges are connected with metal sheet in area of contact between extensions and grooves, outer surfaces thereof are in plane with outer surface of metal sheet connected to inner load-bearing layer by depressions and/or glue.

EFFECT: increased load bearing capacity and rigidity.

8 cl, 3 dwg

Raised floor panel // 2250318

FIELD: building, particularly raised floors for offices equipped with computers.

SUBSTANCE: panel includes bearing plate of timber-based material enclosed with metal shell from all plate sides. Shell is formed as two boxes, namely upper and lower ones. Each box has rectangular part defining upper and lower panel sides, and side edges folded along rectangular part perimeter. Folded side edges extend over half of end panel side height. Area of rectangular part of upper box exceeds that of lover part by (4-5)δ value, where δ is thickness of upper box. Folded side edges of upper and lower boxes are equal in height. End parts of adjacent side edges of each end plate side are pressed together in overlapped manner.

EFFECT: improved antistatic properties of raised floor, increased reliability of panel connection.

7 cl, 2 dwg

False floor panel // 2252993

FIELD: building units, particularly false floors elevated above base and supported by adjustable supports.

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EFFECT: increased strength of floor panel.

10 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly floor members for underfloor heating/cooling systems.

SUBSTANCE: floor member comprises sheet with at least one groove, heat-conducting layer extending over one main sheet surface and along each groove side to form depression for heat-conducting wire receiving opened from top side thereof. Depression tightly encloses wire and passes over half of cross-sectional perimeter thereof. Upper wire side is flush with upper sheet surface or located below thereof. Sheet has thin foldable foil with thickness of less than 200 μm.

EFFECT: reduced floor member thickness, increased simplicity of floor member dimension selection by cutting foil inside the groove.

6 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly floor, ceiling and wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: support includes square lower bearing plate made of flexible metal sheet material and upper bearing plate. The plates have central orifices. Central orifice of lower plate comprises rod receiving recess and is surrounded with annular depression having depth not exceeding sheet thickness. Central orifice of upper plate comprises flange. The plates are provided with radial grooves located so that convex surfaces thereof face each other. Depression and grooves have oval cross-section and oval or wavy cross-sections in connection areas in-between. Upper plate is made of the same material as the lower one. Orifices for fastening members receiving formed in lower plate and holes for gasket fixing made in upper plate are coaxial and created along stiffening ribs extending along square diagonals.

EFFECT: increased support resistance and strength thereof along with reduced material consumption, decreased mass and simplified manufacture.

14 cl, 6 dwg

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