Method to retrieve vehicle and device to this end

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of retrieving vehicle with the help of retriever comprises connecting first end of tow rope with retriever towing hook or the first end of second tow rope with retriever winch rope. Manipulator controlled from inside the retriever accommodates parts of tor ropes. Then retriever is moved towards vehicle to be retrieved, second end of the first or second tor rope is jointed to vehicle towing hook by manipulator lever. Retriever tensions appropriate tow rope and the latter is uncoupled from manipulator and its lever. Now vehicle is towed or retrieved. Central part of every tow rope is arranged to allow adjustment of friction and elastic forces. Electrode is arranged in retriever body on the first tow rope or on winch rope and electrically connected with retriever inside frame. Emergent release from retrieved vehicle is made by cutting appropriate rope with the help of electrode. Proposed device comprises two tow ropes connected with retriever, one connected with towing winch, and manipulator with lever control from inside the vehicle. A part of every tow rope is secured in bracket by friction and elastic forces.

EFFECT: higher reliability and safety.

2 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to tractors on tracked and wheeled base and can be used for the evacuation of vehicles from areas of fire, infections and fires without departing crews.

The known method of evacuation, in which the truck or winch truck connect one end of the tow rope, the other end of the cable connected to the tow hook of the machine, pull the rope and evacuate the car (Object M. Technical description and operating instructions. KN. second. M: Voenizdat, 1975, s. Manual evacuation of armoured vehicles. M: Voenizdat, 1981, s).

A device for the evacuation containing connected at one end to the housing of the tractor tow rope and installed on the body of the tractor opener and a traction winch (see "Product 608. Technical description of, 608. -2." - M.: Voenizdat, No. 3/4306-R). These method and apparatus do not allow to evacuate the machine from the dangerous zones without departing crews.

Also known the way of the hitch of the tractor with the machine, in which to implement the evacuation of the first end of the tow rope connected to a tow hook or winch truck, the second end of the cable is secured in the gripper arm, controlled from the inside of the truck, the middle part of the rope is secured on the bracket Coulter or truck, then move the towing vehicle to the towed machine, the movement of the Prime mover and the movement of the lever from the inside of the truck connect W is Roy the end of the rope tow hook machine, movement of the tractor pull and release the cable from the grip and bracket, then towed or pull the machine before moving the tractor to tow cars on a cable placed explosive and connect it to an electrical conductor with the interior of the truck, emergency stop towing undermine the explosive inside of the truck and cut the tow rope, and emergency stop pulling completely unwind the winch cable (see patent RU No. 2209141 on CL 60D 1/26 2001) prototype.

It is also known a device for the evacuation of the machine tractor, containing connected with the tractor tow rope installed on the body of the tractor traction winch and share with lever operated from the inside of the truck, at the free end of the lever and on the vomer posted by tow rope with release lever and Coulter in tension, the loop of the rope is formed of one-piece or split clamp, the latter is connected by tie-rods and the axis on the rope attached explosive, United conductor with the interior of the truck and placed in a container equipped with a ring cavity for placement of the tow rope, explosives, hole conductor and clamps (see patent RU # 2209141 on CL 60D 1/26 2001) prototype.

These method and apparatus allow SCEPC and evacuation of machines without departing crews. Their disadvantage is the limited reliability and safety during evacuation machines.

The purpose of the invention is to enhance reliability and security, as well as reduce the time of evacuation vehicles from dangerous zones without departing crews.

The technical result of the invention consists in that in the known method of evacuation of the machine-tractor in which to implement the evacuation connect the first end of the first tow rope with a drawbar of a tractor or the first end of the second tow cable with winch truck, the manipulator, controlled from the inside of the tractor, place the part of the tow ropes, then move the towing vehicle to the towed machine, the movement of the tractor and move the lever arm from the inside of the truck to connect the second end of the first or second of the tow rope to the tow hook of the machine, movement of the tractor pull appropriate tow rope and frees him from the lever and arm, then towed or pulled car, emergency release of the towing vehicle from the towed machine produce disconnection of the tow rope or winch cable, the middle part of each of the tow rope set with adjustable friction and elasticity, and the first separation of the tow rope or winch cable from the towed machine produced by mechanical or heat energy to the exposure, managed the inside of the truck.

In the known device for the evacuation of the machine tractor, containing the manipulator arm and the traction winch operated from the inside of the trailer, the first end of the first tow rope connected to the drawbar of a tractor or the first end of the second tow rope connected with winch truck, on the lever and the arm placed part of both the tow rope with the possibility of exemption under tension, the loop at the second end of the tow rope is formed of one-piece or split clamps, the latter is connected by tie-rods and the axis of the internal cavity of the clamp is made rectilinear or non-rectilinear part of each of the tow rope secured in the bracket by means of friction and elasticity, the bracket is provided with a device for adjustment of these forces, and on the first tow rope or winch cable posted by mechanical or thermal devices, controllable from inside the truck with the ability to change the strength and breakage of these cables.

The stated objects of the invention are illustrated by the drawings. Figure 1 shows the device in top view; figure 2 is the same, side view; figure 3 is a variant of the device using a winch and sheave pulleys.

The device includes a housing of the Prime mover 1 mover 2, towbar 3, vomer 4 wheel drive Coulter 5, the lever 6, the first gripper 7, the stopper grip 8,the clamp shank 9, the first cable 10, the second grip 11, the second cable 12, collapsing element 13, the winch cable 14, block sheave pulleys 15, the hook sheave pulleys 16, the bracket 17, the coupler 18, the axis 19, the loop 20, the bracket 21, the screw 22, the container with the explosive 23, the container with the electrode 24, conductor 25, the outlet 26.

Manipulator with lever operated from the inside of a tractor, includes an opener with 4 wheel drive Coulter 5. The arm 6 consists of two rods and is designed for installation of cables, block sheave pulleys and collapsing items. The grippers 7 and 11 serve for placement of cables connecting to the towed machine. The grips are separated by the width of the lever at a distance greater than the width of the loop of cable and the length of the lever is at a distance greater than the length of the loop 20 of the cable. The width of the inner part of each capture is larger than the diameter of the cable 10 and 12, but less than the diameter of the shank of the clamp 9.

The stopper grip 8 is designed to hold and lock cable with clip in certain positions. The clamp 9 is used to loop the cable 20, the placement of the cable 10, 12 in the capture and release him after coupling with the machine. This grip is made with a longitudinal groove in the lower part, and the clamping shank has the ability to move along the longitudinal axis of the grip and rotation around this axis.

Clip 9 consists of two polubarinov connected by tie-rods 18, the axis 19 and having the ability to rotate around-ear, closed the g axis. The inner cavity of the clamp is made straight or not straight.

Collapsing element 13 is designed for mounting block sheave pulleys 15 with the cable 14 on the vomer and rotation block sheave pulleys in the vertical plane.

The brackets 17 are placed on the vomer and designed to be placed in the inner cavity of the middle parts of the rope forces of friction and elasticity of the cables, which cables are held during movement of the tractor 1 and are released when the force of the tension cables in excess of their strength friction and elasticity in the brackets. The bracket 21 by screws 22 are used to change the friction and elasticity of the size of the inner cavity of the bracket, depending on the diameter, the structure and elasticity of the cables.

The container with the explosive 23 and conductor 25 or container with the electrode 24 and conductor 25 is placed on the cable 10 and is intended to break the rope from the inside of the truck.

The container with the electrode 24 and conductor 25 is made with the possibility of placing on the body of the tractor, move inside the container winch cable 14 and is designed to break the winch cable from the inside of the truck. The outlet 26 is intended for connection of the container with the interior of the truck.

Implementation of the method and operation of the device occurs as follows.

In the initial position, the lever 6 is mounted on the vomer 4 or other pointing device of the tractor 1 in which the possibility of control from the inside, in the clip 9 by means of tie-rods 18 and the axis 19 loop 20 formed of the required size, the container with the explosive 23 and conductor 25 or container with the electrode 24 and conductor 25 is placed on the cable 10, the container with the electrode 24 and conductor 25 is placed on the body of the truck, inside the container 24 is placed the winch cable 14 can move, the outlet 26 is connected with the interior of the truck.

The first end of the tow cable 10 connects with a hook 3 of the tractor 1 for evacuation machine boksirovannoe, and the first end of the tow rope 12 with the cable 14 winch truck for evacuation of the machine by pulling, the second ends of the tow cables are secured in the clamps 7 and 11 of the lever 6 and is fixed by the stopper 8, the middle part of the rope is placed in the brackets 17, the bracket 21 and a screw 22 install the necessary size of the internal cavity of the bracket 17, the wires 25 connected to the outlet 26.

To implement evacuation move the tractor 1 to the towed machine, carry out the contact Shoe 4 with the machine and the movement of the tractor to check the extent to which it is stuck on the ground. If it is stuck there, the car evacuate the towing. This movement of the tractor 1 and the movement of the lever 6 connect the loose end of the cable 10 with the drawbar of the machine and after engagement of the loop 20 with towbar tractor starts to move back. When this capture 7 overcomes in the Ilia of the stopper 8 and moves the clamp 9. After the release of the clip from the capture of the cable 10 under the action of gravity falls into the groove of the grip, the width of which is larger than the diameter of the cable, and is disconnected from the lever 6. Upon further movement of the tractor back the power cable tension 10 exceeds the total force of elasticity and friction of the cable in the bracket 17 and the middle part of the rope is released. The opener is lifted up, the rope pull and tow the car. For emergency stop towing breakage of the cable 10 is produced by the pull of the tractor, or by detonation of the explosive in the container 23, or sharp electrode placed in the container 24, the inside of the truck.

When the jam machine evacuated extraction. The connection of the first end of the cable 12 with the drawbar of the machine, release of the cable from the grip 11, the lever 6 and the other of the bracket 17 is produced similarly. Then pull the cables 12 and 14, movement of the Prime mover ago I unwind the winch cable 14 at the required distance or depart for pre-tension unwound the rope 14. Winding the winch cable 14 pull machine. If necessary, the opener is lowered into the ground, and the operations on the movement of the tractor with the unwinding of the cable and the winding of the rope again.

To increase the tractive effort of pulling out use the hoist block sheave pulleys. In the initial position on the lever 6 collapsing element 13 fixed block polyspast can be rotated in the vertical plane. The winch cable 14 is omitted within the container 24, around the block 15 and is connected to the hook 3 of the tractor 1. The first ends of the cables 10 and 12 are connected with hooks 16 block sheave pulleys 15. The other ends of the cables 10 and 12 are connected with the grippers 7 and 11 of the lever 6. Installation of cables 10 and 12 in the bracket 17, the connection cables with the drawbar of the machine, the release of these cables from the grippers 7 and 11, the lever 6 and the brackets 17 are produced similarly. Then the lever attach the angle of declination, when the tension of the cables 10 and 12 block sheave pulleys 15 is rotated in the vertical plane, and a collapsing element 13 block polyspast post-tensioning cables works as the tension of the cables exceeds the force of the destruction of the element. The block is released from the lever and is connected strained ropes with hooks on the machine. Check out the tractor and lifting machines produce the same as and when using the winch without the polyspast.

For emergency stop pulling breakage of the cable 14 to produce a sharp electrode placed in the container 24, or unwinding of the cable 14 from the inside of the truck.

The use of the method and device can significantly improve the reliability, security, and to reduce the evacuation time machines from the dangerous zones without departing crews.

1. The method of evacuation of the machine-tractor in which to implement the evacuation connect the first end of the first tow rope buccinum hook a tractor or the first end of the second tow cable with winch truck, the manipulator is driven from the inside of the tractor, place the part of the tow ropes, then move the towing vehicle to the towed machine, the movement of the tractor and move the lever arm from the inside of the truck to connect the second end of the first or second of the tow rope to the tow hook of the machine, movement of the tractor pull appropriate tow rope and frees him from the lever and arm, and then tow or pull the towed car for an emergency exemption from the towed machine sever the appropriate tow rope, characterized in that the middle part of each of the tow rope set with adjustable friction and elasticity, in the case of the tractor on the ground a tow rope or cable winch post electrode and connect it to an electrical conductor with the inner part of the tractor, and the emergency exemption from the towed machine produce sharp electrode corresponding to the tow rope.

2. The device for implementing the method of evacuation of the machine-tractor according to claim 1, containing United with two tractor towing rope installed on the body of the tractor, one of which is connected traction winch, and a manipulator with lever operated from the inside of the truck, on the lever and the arm placed part of both the tow ropes, with the possibility of release when tension Trosa is, the loop at the second end of the tow rope is formed of one-piece or split clamps, the latter is connected by tie-rods and the axis of the internal cavity of the clamp is made straight or not straight, and part of each of the tow rope secured in the bracket by means of friction and elasticity, characterized in that the bracket is provided with a device for adjustment of these forces, and on the first tow rope or wire rope winches placed electrode, controlled from the inside of the tractor and connected with the electric conductor with the inner part of the tractor, the emergency exemption from the towed machine produce sharp electrode corresponding to the tow rope.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: towing devices are fastened on object with possibility to change their position relative to ground, towing cable is fastened on tow-car with possibility of its disconnection by tow-car moving, towing devices of tow-car and evacuation object are connected inside the tow-car and cable is disconnected from the tow-car by the tow-car moving.

EFFECT: time and cost reduction and improvement of tow-car drivers training safety.

3 dwg

FIELD: trainer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: the device contains the object of evacuation with a tow gear and a traction engine with a manipulator controlled from the traction engine, the object being fixed on the ground. The tow gears are fixed on the object with the possibility of changing their position relative to the ground. The manipulator has a lever with a detent device for placing the towline with a yoke. The detent device, in its lower part, has a through longitudinal slot, the width of which is larger than the diameter of the towline but smaller than that of the yoke. The towline is fixed on the traction engine so that it can be removed from the traction engine after connecting to the tow gear of the object.

EFFECT: time and cost saving, increased driver training safety.

3 dwg

The invention relates to tracked and wheeled equipment, and more particularly to tractors and can be used to connect the towing vehicle and the towed object without departing crews of the vehicles in the areas of fire, infections and fires

The invention relates to the field of technology and can be used to connect the towing vehicle and the towed object without departing crews of the vehicles in the areas of fire, infections and fires

The invention relates to vehicles, and more specifically to the mechanical coupling devices for connecting tractors and towed objects without departing crew of the tractor in the conditions of warfare

The invention relates to military equipment, mostly armored, and can be used to connect armored repair and recovery vehicle (BRAM) and towed banabhatta without departing crew of BRAM in the conditions of warfare

FIELD: trainer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: the device contains the object of evacuation with a tow gear and a traction engine with a manipulator controlled from the traction engine, the object being fixed on the ground. The tow gears are fixed on the object with the possibility of changing their position relative to the ground. The manipulator has a lever with a detent device for placing the towline with a yoke. The detent device, in its lower part, has a through longitudinal slot, the width of which is larger than the diameter of the towline but smaller than that of the yoke. The towline is fixed on the traction engine so that it can be removed from the traction engine after connecting to the tow gear of the object.

EFFECT: time and cost saving, increased driver training safety.

3 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: towing devices are fastened on object with possibility to change their position relative to ground, towing cable is fastened on tow-car with possibility of its disconnection by tow-car moving, towing devices of tow-car and evacuation object are connected inside the tow-car and cable is disconnected from the tow-car by the tow-car moving.

EFFECT: time and cost reduction and improvement of tow-car drivers training safety.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of retrieving vehicle with the help of retriever comprises connecting first end of tow rope with retriever towing hook or the first end of second tow rope with retriever winch rope. Manipulator controlled from inside the retriever accommodates parts of tor ropes. Then retriever is moved towards vehicle to be retrieved, second end of the first or second tor rope is jointed to vehicle towing hook by manipulator lever. Retriever tensions appropriate tow rope and the latter is uncoupled from manipulator and its lever. Now vehicle is towed or retrieved. Central part of every tow rope is arranged to allow adjustment of friction and elastic forces. Electrode is arranged in retriever body on the first tow rope or on winch rope and electrically connected with retriever inside frame. Emergent release from retrieved vehicle is made by cutting appropriate rope with the help of electrode. Proposed device comprises two tow ropes connected with retriever, one connected with towing winch, and manipulator with lever control from inside the vehicle. A part of every tow rope is secured in bracket by friction and elastic forces.

EFFECT: higher reliability and safety.

2 cl, 3 dwg

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