Wall

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall comprises concrete pillars that consist of permanent forms made of cellular blocks that create wells for pouring of heavy concrete with previously arranged vertical reinforcements, insulating plates, wall forms of blocks for instance. Foiled insulation is installed in wells of concrete pillars on inner side of erected wall, inside wells there are through horizontal holes previously arranged along wall, where longitudinal anchors are installed, at the same time wooden carcass-frame arranged between concrete pillars is fixed to longitudinal anchors, and ledger strips are fixed to vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame along wall at one or two sides, besides vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame and ledger strips are installed perpendicularly versus each other. Between ledger strips there are insulating plates arranged or mineral insulator having same thickness with ledger strips, and between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame there is a second row of insulating plates or mineral insulator having same thickness with vertical stands. Foiled insulation is installed to the latter, being fixed with the help of ledger strips, or on completion of inner and outer rows of wall curbs and insulating plates installation between ledger strips, insulator fill may be filled between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame, or cellular concrete in liquid form may be filled. For pouring of cellular concrete there are holes arranged along vertical stands, where pins are installed. Also in insulating plates or mineral insulator arranged between ledger strips and vertical stands, in foiled insulation installed between them, in certain areas there are through holes provided, where transverse anchors are installed with the possibility of fixation and attachment of inner and outer rows of wall forms made of blocks, for instance to wooden carcass-frame.

EFFECT: higher number of storeys constructed, simplified technology of wall erection and lower cost of wall construction.

3 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction, namely, to frame the walls with removable shuttering blocks for the construction of as high-rise buildings and low-rise.

Known wall used in the technology panel-frame house construction, as the canadian technology, or Finnish technology, and in Russia, known as the technology "Canada house", developed in Canada in the postwar years. Wall on panel-in-frame technology domostroenia includes the use of structural insulation OSB panels. Bearing design panel-panel house is a wooden frame with timber, which is a traditional onebusaway in the factory (see http://dearcon/ru.techno 2/htm Frame-panel houses using canadian technology LLC "Golden eagle").

However, the disadvantages of this wall are the complexity of manufacturing OSB panels are manufactured in factory conditions, requiring a large investment, not available to small businesses, and suitable only for low-rise construction.

The famous wall, which consists of a frame, formwork, reinforcement. Formwork is made as a building module, comprising a rectangular frame on which is superimposed and fixed on the perimeter of the valve, brackets with holes for fixing with frame members. The outside of the valve, superimposed on the frame construction is part of the module, bathed in a thin layer of concrete cover, and the inside of the form of building module to the valve filled insulation, such as polyurethane foam (see patent No. 2220263, IPC7EV 2/86, publ. 27.12.2003,, bull. No. 36).

The disadvantages of the known walls are the complexity of manufacturing, the relatively high cost of the wall.

Closest to the technical essence and the achieved result of the present invention is a wall, comprising longitudinal and transverse fixed wall shuttering blocks made of longitudinal and transverse blocks that are assembled at the site of erection of the wall. First poured the Foundation on it vertically is mounted and fixed fittings. On the Foundation laid alternately odd rows shuttering blocks, then even rows shuttering blocks. Where previously installed vertically reinforcement, longitudinal blocks of formwork blocks of odd and even rows are overlapped with offset in relation to each other on the width of the concrete columns and together with transverse blocks, insulating plates installed inside the outer longitudinal blocks located between cross-section units, and vertically mounted valve installed so that they form the wells for pouring concrete solution with its subsequent hardening and what formirovanie concrete columns with a certain periodicity, which is mounted on and carried all the construction of the wall. To the inner wall of the outer longitudinal block fixed shuttering blocks installed and fixed insulating plate. In non-removable formwork blocks longitudinal blocks and one of the transverse blocks are interconnected using parts and fasteners, and the other transverse block with longitudinal blocks associated top brackets. The outer longitudinal blocks of a fixed shuttering blocks previously reinforced, fittings one end fixed to a vertically installed valves one concrete columns fixed shuttering block and the other end fixed to a vertically installed valves adjacent concrete columns the following non-removable formwork unit. The doorway is formed by shifting in the wall of the first, second, third longitudinal rows of blocks fixed shuttering blocks while laying on the width of the doorway with the subsequent installation into the opening of the door block before laying of the fourth number of longitudinal blocks fixed shuttering blocks, and the window opening is formed by moving the second, third, longitudinal rows of blocks fixed shuttering blocks while laying on the width of the window opening with the subsequent installation in the embrasure of the window block before laying of the fourth number of longitudinal blocks fixed shuttering the blocks. One floor construction consists of four rows of fixed shuttering blocks. Longitudinal and transverse blocks of a fixed shuttering blocks made of lightweight cellular concrete (see the patent for useful model №67133, IPC7EV 2/86, bull. No. 28, publ. 10.10.2007,).

However, the disadvantages of the known walls are the complexity of its manufacture and relatively high cost.

The technical object of the present invention is to develop a universal wall construction for rapid construction for multi-storey timber frame buildings and low-rise buildings with minimal use of lifting equipment.

The technical result of the invention is the simplification of the construction of the wall, reducing the cost of construction and increase the number of storeys constructed homes using available materials.

The technical result is achieved in that in the wall, including concrete columns, consisting of a non-removable formwork made of mesh blocks forming the wells to fill the heavy concrete with pre-installed vertical fittings, insulating plate, the casing wall, for example, of the blocks, according to the invention in the wells of concrete columns set foil insulation on the inner side of the erected wall, inside in wells tentative is but executed through horizontal holes along the wall, in which you installed the longitudinal anchors, with wooden frame - the frame is located between the concrete columns fixed to the longitudinal anchors, and the upright wooden frame-the frame along the wall fixed cranial bars on one or two sides, with vertical racks wooden frame-the frame and cranial bars perpendicular to each other, between the cranial bars installed insulating plate or mineral insulation of the same thickness with the upper bars, and between the vertical posts of the wooden frame is the second frame next to it is insulating plate or mineral insulation of the same thickness with vertical posts, to the last set foil insulation and secured with cranial bars, or after installation of the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls and insulating plates between the cranial bars may be covered with the insulating filling between the vertical racks wooden frame-the frame, or bathed in aerated concrete in liquid form, while along the vertical uprights with holes, in which are mounted pins, also in insulating plates or mineral insulation located between the cranial bars and vertical posts, and foil insulation is made through overstep certain places, in which are mounted transverse anchors with the possibility of fixing and fastening between the outer and inner rows of formwork, made for example, of the blocks, wooden frame-frame.

In addition, the technical result is achieved in that the insulating plate before or after they are installed between the cranial bars and vertical racks wooden frame-the frame can be pre-coated with a layer of mortar, reinforced fiberglass or metal mesh on the outside.

In addition, the technical result is achieved in that the casing walls may be made, for example, of blocks or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates, and the step of vertical racks wooden frame-the frame and cranial bars multiple sizes of blocks, or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates.

New structural elements in the present invention, "the Wall" are:

- installation inside the wells concrete columns foil insulation on the inner side of the erected wall, the longitudinal installation of anchors in pre-made from the inside of the wells through horizontal holes along the wall before pouring heavy concrete, securing them with wooden frame - the frame that is located between the concrete to onami, provides rigidity of the wall and return up to 90% of radiated heat from the concrete columns back into the house;

- securing the upright wooden frame-the frame along the wall of the cranial bars with one or two sides perpendicular to the vertical racks wooden frame-the frame and cranial bars relative to each other can be established between the cranial bars insulating plate or mineral insulation of the same thickness with the upper bars, a second series of insulating plates or mineral insulation between the vertical posts of the same thickness with them, to break the "cold bridges" in the joints of vertical racks wooden frame - the frame and cranial bars, and create facilities for the attachment of facing plates, or plates, or shuttering sheets to him;

- installing foil insulation to upright wooden frame-the frame and insulating plates or mineral insulation located between them, which is fixed to them by means of cranial bars, provides a reflection back into the room up to 90% significant portion of the radiated heat;

the installation of the transverse anchors through holes made in certain places, foil insulation, insulating plates or mineral insulation, R is spallogenic between cranial bars and vertical racks wooden frame-the frame, with the possibility of fixing and fastening between the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls, made for example of blocks or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates to the wooden frame-a frame that provides rigidity of the wall;

in the case of fill aerated concrete in liquid form between the vertical racks wooden frame-the frame after installation of the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls and insulating plates or mineral insulation between cranial bars, while in the holes along the vertical racks are additionally installed pins, you can do without formwork after curing aerated concrete, which ensures the rigidity of the wall;

in the case of backfill between the vertical racks wooden frame-frame insulation-fill wall insulation is provided upon its construction in remote communities where there is no possibility to get insulating plate, mineral rolled materials, aerated concrete, towns far from large cities and, therefore, there are high costs of transport;

- pre-insulating cladding plates before or after they are installed with a layer of mortar, reinforced fiberglass or metal mesh on the outside provides the without facing plates, formwork sheets, panels, and so on, which reduces the construction of the wall;

- the multiplicity of step vertical racks wooden frame-the frame and cranial bars dimensions of blocks or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates provides waste reduction, improves the manufacturability and performance of the wall construction by eliminating additional fit;

- performing formwork wall only of the blocks or bricks and fastening between the outer and inner rows of flexible formwork ties-transverse anchors will do without concrete columns and wooden frame-a frame that will give the opportunity to reduce the cost of construction of the wall.

Comparison of the invention with other known from the prior art technical solutions allowed us to establish the following.

In known constructions (see http://dearcon/ru.techno 2/htm Frame-panel houses using canadian technology LLC "Golden eagle") the construction of a wall on the canadian technology involves the application of only OSB panels. Production of OSB panels is possible only in workshop conditions, which require large investments for production, not available to small businesses, and the suitability of OSB panels only for low-rise construction.

In the wall (see the patent OF No. 2220263, IPC7EV 2/86, publ. 27.12.203, bull. No. 36) proposed design, including a quadrangular frame, fittings, brackets with holes for fixing with frame members, a thin layer of concrete coating, insulation, cladding sheets. The construction of such a wall is at a pre-fabricated formwork in the construction of the module.

In the famous wall (see patent GR No. 97133, IPC7EV 2/86, bull. No. 28, publ. 10.10.2007 g) proposed the use of only the blocks or panels of cellular concrete as exterior non-removable formwork erected walls, which reduces options for the use of other construction materials and does not allow the achievement of minimizing the cost of the erected wall.

In the proposed design of the wall during its construction, including concrete columns, consisting of a non-removable formwork made of mesh blocks forming the wells to fill the heavy concrete that is pre-installed vertical reinforcement on the inner side of the erected wall - foil insulation, inside pre wells along the wall running through the horizontal apertures in which are mounted a longitudinal anchors to secure to them a wooden frame-the frame that is located between the concrete columns.

For uniform wall insulation and reinforcement design wooden frame-RAM is its vertical racks along the wall are fixed cranial bars, between which are mounted insulating plate or mineral insulation of the same thickness with the upper bars, and between the vertical posts of the wooden frame is the second frame installed insulating plate or mineral insulation of the same thickness with vertical posts and additionally installed to the upright supports and insulating plates interposed between them, foil insulation. Or after you install the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls, insulating plates between the cranial bars between the vertical racks wooden frame - the frame can be filled aerated concrete in liquid form or buried insulation - filling.

Transverse anchors installed in previously completed through holes in certain places of insulating plates or mineral insulation located between the cranial bars and vertical racks wooden frame-the frame, foil insulation, fixed and connected between the outer and inner rows of formwork, made for example from bricks or blocks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates to the wooden frame-the frame, and in some cases to reduce the wall when performing formwork wall only of the blocks or bricks you can do b is C concrete columns and wooden frame-frame.

Thus, the applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the equivalents of the claimed invention, has allowed to establish that the applicant had not found the source, which is characterized by symptoms that are identical to all the essential features of the claimed design wall.

The definition from the list of identified unique prototype, as the most similar set of features analogue, has allowed to establish the essential towards perceived by the applicant to the technical result - the simplification of the construction of the wall, reducing the cost during construction, the increase of altitude, using available materials distinctive features set forth in the claims. This allows to make a conclusion on the compliance of the claimed invention to the criteria of "novelty" and "inventive step".

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows: a) a fragment of the wall between the concrete columns in the frame of aerated blocks, b) cross section a-figa, in) section b-b figb; figure 2 shows the relative positions of vertical racks wooden frame-the frame with the insulating plate between them, foil insulation and cranial bars with utali the additional plate between them; figure 3 shows: a) the location of the vertical racks wooden frame-the frame to fill aerated concrete between them, b) cross section a-figa; figure 4 shows: a) the location of the vertical racks wooden frame, frame with filling in between the insulation-filling, b) cross section a-figb.

The proposed construction construct walls contains concrete columns 1, made of a non-removable formwork, consisting of honeycomb units 2, which form the wells 3 to fill the heavy concrete with pre-installed vertical reinforcement 4. The inside of the wells along the wall previously completed through horizontal openings 5, which are mounted longitudinal anchors 6 and foil insulation 7, located on the inner side of the erected wall. Wooden frame-the frame 8 is installed between two adjacent concrete columns 1 and fastened to the longitudinal anchors 6.

Between the vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 along the wall fixed cranial bars 10 with one or two sides, which in relation to each other are perpendicular.

Between cranial bars 10 is installed insulating plate 11 or mineral insulation of the same thickness with the upper bars 10, and between the vertical posts 9 wooden frame - the frame 8 second-row installed insulating p. the plates 12 or mineral insulation of the same thickness with vertical posts 9. The upright 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 and the insulating plates 12 located between them, are installed foil insulation 13 and fixed by means of cranial bars 10.

Insulating plates 11, 12 pre-before installation or after installation of insulating plates 12 between the vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 and the insulating plate 11 between the cranial bars 10 can be coated with a layer of mortar, reinforced fiberglass or metal mesh from the outside (figure 1, 2 is not shown).

Insulating plates 11, 12 are made of polystyrene foam. Foil insulation 13 is made of a metallized layer. Frame-the frame 8 may be made of wood or metal.

If the insulating plate 11, 12 is not coated with the outer sides, the two sides of the wooden frame-the frame 8 and cranial bars 10 are erected permanent formwork of the blocks or bricks 14, between the seams of which are transverse anchors 15 in the through holes previously made in the insulating plates 11, 12 and foil insulation 13 in certain places with the possibility of fixing and fastening between the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls, made for example of blocks or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or PA is oil, or facing plates to the wooden frame-the frame 8, while the contact between the vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8, cranial bars 10. Transverse anchors 15 performs the function of flexible connections and fixed with concrete mortar in places seams with subsequent adjacent blocks or bricks 14 and are fixed to a wooden frame-the frame 8.

In cases where a wooden frame-the frame 8 aren't the shuttering sheets or plates, or facing plates and so forth, and wooden timbers or planks, vertical rods 9 may be additionally strengthened by braces - inclined bars, embedded in the vertical rack 9 vpoldereva all angles (figure 1-4 not shown).

To reduce the cost of construction of the wall when executing the forms of blocks or bricks 14 can be dispensed without a wooden frame-the frame 8 and concrete columns 1, in these cases, flexible connections - transverse anchors 15 are fixed between the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls.

To protect the wall from weather and mechanical effects can be install formwork sheets or plates, or facing plates 16, which are secured to the vertical uprights 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 and cranial to the bars 10.

In addition to the installation of insulating plates 12 or mineral insulation between vertical posts 9 wooden products and adverting is Noah skeleton-frame 8, between them can be either filled aerated concrete 17 in liquid form after you install the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls and uteplitel plates 11 or mineral insulation between cranial bars 10, or may be covered with the insulation-covering 18. In the case of fill, aerated concrete 17 in liquid form between the vertical posts 9 along them with holes 19, in which are mounted pins 20. Insulation-filling 18 before backfilling between the vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 is thoroughly mixed with lime-pushenkoj and gypsum in a certain proportion.

Formwork walls can be made not only from blocks, but of bricks 14, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates. Step uprights 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 and cranial bars is 10 times the size of the blocks, or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates.

The proposed wall is erected as follows.

First form concrete columns 1 formation wells 3 of a non-removable formwork, consisting of aerated blocks 2, where pre-insert vertical reinforcement 4, foil insulation 7 on the inner side of the erected building. Inside wells 3 is performed, for example drilling, through horizontal holes 5 along the wall, in which set about the Aulnay anchors 6, then in wells 3 pour the heavy concrete.

After hardening of heavy concrete to longitudinal anchors 6 fix the wooden frame-a frame 8 that is located between adjacent concrete columns 1. The upright 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 along the wall fix cranial bars 10 on one or two sides, with vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 and cranial bars have 10 perpendicular to each other. Between cranial bars 10 sets insulating plate 11 or mineral insulation of the same thickness with the upper bars 10, and between the vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 next second set of insulating plates 12 or mineral insulation of the same thickness with vertical posts 9. The upright 9 and insulating plates 12 located between them, additionally installing foil insulation 13 and fixed by cranial bars 10.

In addition to the installation of insulating plates 12 between the vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 between them can be filled aerated concrete 17 in liquid form after you install the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls and insulating plates 11 between cranial bars 10, or buried insulation-filling 18. Before pouring aerated concrete 17 in liquid form between the vertical is crucial racks 9 along them perform the openings 19, in which insert the pins 20. Step uprights 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 and cranial bars is 10 times the size of blocks or bricks 14, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates. In the insulating plates 11, 12 or mineral insulation located between the vertical jays 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 and cranial bars 10, foil insulation 13 in certain places perform a through hole, into which insert transverse anchors 15, performs the function of flexible connections, by which the fixed and fixed between the outer and inner rows of formwork wall, made for example of blocks or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates to the wooden frame-the frame 8, while the contact between the vertical posts 9, cranial bars 10.

Wooden frame-the frame 8 with all related parts in the Assembly without concrete columns 1 alone can be used in the construction of low-rise buildings similar canadian or Finnish technology panel-housing frame or wooden frame-the frame 8 can be used in sealing openings in the construction of multi-storey concrete frame houses.

In the case of backfill between the vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 heater-filling 18 is secured to the insulation of the ten during construction in remote settlements, where there is no possibility to get insulating plate and mineral rolled materials, aerated concrete, towns far from large cities, and therefore there are high costs of transport.

Preliminary lining insulating plates 11, 12 before or after they are installed between the cranial bars 10 and vertical posts 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 by a layer of mortar, reinforced fiberglass or metal mesh on the outside allows you to do without facing plates 16 or shuttering sheets, or panels, and so forth, which reduces the construction of the wall.

The perpendicular arrangement with respect to each other uprights 9 wooden frame-the frame 8 and cranial bars 10 arranged between the insulating plates, respectively 12 and 11, or mineral insulation tear "cold bridges".

The use of the invention "Wall" compared to the prototype (see the patent for useful model №97133, IPC7EV 2/86, publ. 10.10.2007,, bull. No. 28) provides the following benefits:

to reflect back into the room up to 90% significant portion of the radiated heat from the wooden frame-frame and concrete columns, which are accommodated inside foil insulation;

to give rigidity of the wall and convenience for the e erection due to longitudinal anchors, which pass through pre-made through the horizontal hole in the concrete columns along the wall to secure to them a wooden frame-frame;

to simplify the technology of construction of the wall through the use of a wooden frame-a frame with vertical posts and cranial bars, between which is easily inserted foil insulation, insulating plate or mineral insulation and fixed shuttering sheets or wall plates, or plates with inner and outer sides of the wall, due to the fact that the insulating plate or mineral insulation is easily cut, step vertical racks wooden frame-the frame and cranial bars multiple sizes of blocks or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or facing sheets, or panels;

- vertical and horizontal rows of stacking insulating plates or mineral insulation between vertical racks wooden frame-the frame and cranial bars tear "cold bridges";

- increase the number of floors in the building erected at home due to the fact that the first wells are formed from a non-removable formwork, consisting of mesh blocks with vertically installed fittings, foil insulation and longitudinal anchors, then poured into the wells of heavy concrete solution, after tordini the formation of concrete columns, forming a rigid frame for mounting wall;

- to reduce the cost during the construction of the wall through the use of insulating plates or mineral insulation and cladding from the outside wide range of cheap available materials.

The above suggests the possibility of carrying out the invention with obtaining the specified technical result that allows to make a conclusion on the conformity of the proposed invention the criterion of "industrial applicability".

1. Wall containing concrete columns, consisting of a non-removable formwork made of mesh blocks forming the wells to fill the heavy concrete with pre-installed vertical fittings, insulating plate, the casing wall, for example, of the blocks, characterized in that the wells concrete columns set foil insulation on the inner side of the erected wall, inside in wells previously completed through horizontal holes along the wall, in which is installed a longitudinal anchors, with wooden frame-the frame is located between the concrete columns fixed to the longitudinal anchors, and the upright wooden frame-the frame along the wall is fixed cranial bars on one or two sides, with vertical racks wooden frame-the frame and cranial b is uski are perpendicular to each other, between cranial bars installed insulating plate or mineral insulation of the same thickness with the upper bars, and between the vertical posts of the wooden frame-the frame is installed next second insulating plate or mineral insulation of the same thickness with vertical posts, the last set of foil insulation and secured with cranial bars, or after installation of the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls and insulating plates between the cranial bars may be covered with the insulating filling between the vertical racks wooden frame-the frame, or bathed in aerated concrete in liquid form when you fill aerated concrete along the uprights with holes, in which are mounted pins also in insulating plates or mineral insulation located between the cranial bars and vertical posts, foil insulation installed between them, in certain places are made through holes, in which are mounted transverse anchors with the possibility of fixing and fastening between the outer and inner rows of the formwork walls, made for example, of the blocks, wooden frame-frame.

2. Wall according to claim 1, characterized in that the insulating plate before or after they are installed between the cranial bars and Vert is unique racks wooden frame-the frame can be covered with a layer of mortar, reinforced fiberglass or metal mesh on the outside.

3. Wall according to claim 1, characterized in that the casing walls may be made, for example, of the blocks, or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing sheets, and the step of vertical racks wooden frame-the frame and cranial bars multiple sizes of blocks, or bricks, or shuttering sheets, or panels, or facing plates.



 

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Wall // 2347042

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Wall // 2343251

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to construction field, namely, to walls with unremovable form blocks for building of multistoried buildings. Wall includes main form blocks arranged one over the other in layers with closed cavities, internal cavity whereof has a rectangular parallelepiped-shape formed by longitudinal and transverse walls and open in its lower and upper basements, with one of the side flat ends open having a top-flatted cavity formed by wings continuing longitudinal walls of the block, length whereof makes part of the length of closed cavities, and additional blocks. Longitudinal and transverse walls of unmovable form blocks are made of longitudinal and transverse blocks gathered together on the wall building - up site in such a way, that, at first, foundation is poured, then reinforcement is set vertically on it, then alternatively odd and even rows of form blocks are laid out, so that, in the places where reinforcement was preliminary vertically installed longitudinal blocks of form blocks of odd and even rows are placed overlapping and off - set against each other by the width of the concrete pillar and along with transverse blocks, heating plates arranged on the internal side of each of external longitudinal blocks between transverse blocks and vertically arranged reinforcement are set forming a well for pouring of concrete mortar with consecutive consolidation and formation of concrete pillars with certain periodicity, whereon the entire wall construction is mounted and rested. Provided that heating plates are set and fixed to the internal surface of external longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks, whereat in unmovable form blocks longitudinal blocks and one of the transverse blocks are connected with each other by means of angle bars and fixing units, and the other transverse block is connected with longitudinal blocks from above by fasteners. Besides, longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks are preliminary reinforced, whereat one end of reinforcement is fixed to the vertically arranged reinforcement of concrete pillar and the other end is fixed to the vertically arranged reinforcement of neighbouring concrete pillar. Door port is formed by displacement in the wall of the first, second and the third longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks at brickwork by width of the door port with consecutive installation into the door port prior to laying of the fourth row of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks. Window aperture is formed by displacement of the second and third rows of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks by the width of window aperture with consecutive installation of window block into the aperture prior to laying of the fourth row of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks, whereat one floor of the built - up building is assembled from four rows of unmovable form blocks.

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3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the construction field and may be used for construction of leave-in-place form for building external and internal solid-cast and heat insulating walls of multi purpose buildings and constructions without further coating. Leave-in-place form block consists of two concrete plates accommodating inserted female screws. Metal construction hooks engaged at the ears of plastic strainers are screwed into the female screws. Varying depth of hook screwing in adjusts upright position of plates placing. Usage of hooks of various thicknesses and consecutive connection of strainers makes possible getting forms for building up walls of various thicknesses. Plates may be manufactured with decorative coating heating layer making walls building much easier. Blocks in the same row are connected between each other by means of wire strainers. Blocks in neighboring rows are connected by plastic strainers. Form construction consists in its consecutive extension starting from the bottom row. Further rows are placed over the bottom one until reaching the required height. Metal reinforcement, embedded elements may be set into the space between the walls of the form in order to avoid slotting for laying of service lines and perforation of openings and doors at full thickness of the wall.

EFFECT: simplified assembly of the form; reduction of storage and transportation expenses; cost reduction of assembly works; possibility of preliminary assembly of heat insulating layers; possibility of usage of plates in the form as a ready for operation coating of the wall under construction; simplification of building walls of various thicknesses.

3 cl, 1 dwg

Building frame // 2338848

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building frame contains stands made of bent profiles, to which external and internal fixed curbs are attached with provision of space between curbs and stands. Space is filled with hardening grout. Stands are installed in bottom guide elements in the form of "П"-shaped profiles fixed in foundation. Stands are installed in pairs in two rows in staggered manner. Heat insulation material insert is installed in space between stands of every pair. Bottom guides are installed on foundation through dampproof film and fixed to it with anchor bolts. Top parts of stands are fixed with guides made of the same profile that the bottom guides.

EFFECT: increase of building heat capacity with reduction of its weight, labour intensity and manufacturing costs.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to isolating curb reversible in horizontal direction and intended for manufacture of concrete structures. Isolating curb includes the following components: the first and the second panels substantially installed one opposite to the other, every of which has top surface, bottom surface, the first end surface, the second end surface, external surface, determining wall and internal surface for concrete perception, at that the first end surface and the second end surface of the first panel have both tenons and grooves arranged so that in the first end surface of the first panel tenon is located closer to external surface, and groove is arranged closer to internal surface, in the second end surface of the first panel groove is installed closer to external surface, and tenon is arranged closer to internal surface, in the first end surface of the second panel groove is located closer to external surface, and tenon is located closer to internal surface, in the second end surface of the second panel tenon is located closer to external surface, and groove is closer to internal surface, at that panels are located so that the first end surface of the first panel is located opposite to the first end surface of the second panel, and second end surface of the first panel is located opposite the second end surface of the second panel. And also at least two strainers that connect the first and the second panels between each other, in which two or more curbs may be installed in horizontal direction and connected between each other for provision of flat plane with the help of connection created both by tenon and groove of every panel of one curb, which are connected with tenon and groove of every panel of the other curb, at that these curbs have the possibility to be connected conversely to any of two sides so that the first end surface of the first and second panels of one curb may be connected both to the first and second end surfaces, as well as to the second end surface of the first and second panels of the other curb. At that every strainer includes at least three parallel horizontal wires that are installed in the same plane at such distances from each other so that total distance from the lowest horizontal wire to the highest horizontal wire is less than height of two panels installed one opposite to the other, and length of every wire is more than the distance between external surfaces of these two panels installed one opposite to the other, at that at equal distance from every end of each horizontal wire there is bend provided at the right angle, which is arranged so that every bend at the right angle is located between external and internal surfaces of panel; at least three parallel vertical wires, which are located in one plane at such distances from each other, which are less than distance between bends at the right angle from every of the ends of horizontal wires, and length of every wire is at least equal to the total distance from the lowest horizontal wire to the highest horizontal wire; at least three horizontal wires and at least three vertical wires are located so that every horizontal wire contacts and crosses at the right angle all vertical wires, and every vertical wire contacts and crosses at the right angle all horizontal wires, at that these wires are welded to each other in every point of crossing; and also metal plate installed on internal side of bend at the right angle from every of the ends of horizontal wires, at that at least part of metal plate is basically parallel to external surface of panel, inside of which such bend is arranged at the right angle, and every metal plate contacts every horizontal wire and is welded to it. Also variant of isolating curb is described.

EFFECT: creation of isolating curb with welded wire strainer, which contains at least three horizontal wires and three vertical wires, simplification of curb design, provision of higher strength of structure installed between panels located one opposite to the other.

14 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly forms.

SUBSTANCE: isolation building form structure includes form sized to erect one concrete wall section. Form comprises the first elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene and the second elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene. Each panel has top and bottom, wherein panel bottom serves as building wall bottom and panel top is building wall top. Form comprises elongated horizontally spaced vertical dividers of foamed polystyrene having at least four sides and arranged between panels. Dividers serve as spacing bars and define spaced channels for concrete pouring between dividers. Dividers have upper and lower ends. Upper divider ends are spaced downwardly from upper ends of panels, lower ends thereof are spaced upwardly lower ends of panels to form upper and lower areas for concrete pouring. Upper and lower areas communicate with channels between dividers. Dividers have uniform cross-sections along the full length thereof so that concrete to be poured in channels form concrete columns having constant dimension in vertical direction. Each column has four vertical sides arranged at an angle one to another so that medium parts of concrete posts are wider than side parts thereof, which results in decreased width of divider centers for decreasing dividers compression between panels under the action of compression force applied thereto.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs, improved manufacturability.

12 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for erecting outer and inner cast-in-place walls of building and building structures.

SUBSTANCE: connection member comprises two parallel lay-on cradle members arranged on one level. Cradle members have side walls for form panel receiving and transversal anchor tie for cradle members connection. Distance between cradle members is equal to thickness of wall to be erected with the use of above form. Distance between side walls of each cradle member is equal to form panel wall thickness. Anchor tie is made as connection member located transversely to cradle members. Connection member is rod constituted of two parts to adjust length thereof within the given range by mutual moving rod parts along rod axis and by relative fixation thereof. One rod part has blind axial hole and inner annular bead located at hole edge. Another rod part has a number of coaxial outer annular beads spaced equal axial distances and divided by annular grooves. Each groove has width equal to that of inner annular bead of the first rod part. Annular beads formed in the second rod part have equal diameters exceeding inner diameter of inner annular bead and equal to that of axial hole of the first rod part. Inner annular bead and/or outer rod beads are made of resilient material. Elasticity of above material and bead shapes are selected to provide one by one passage of outer annular beads of the second rod part through inner bead of the first one to stepwise reduce rod length up to predetermined value. Above length adjustment is performed by applying predetermined axial adjusting force to rod along with preventing mutual axial displacement of rod parts after force removal.

EFFECT: reduced of costs of connection member production, transportation and storage, reduced labor inputs for connection members arrangement on form panels and reduced material consumption.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly permanent forms for all-purpose building and building structure walls erection.

SUBSTANCE: fastener comprises two supports for permanent form panels and connection member arranged transversely to supports. Connection member ends are connected with one support by orifice-toothed finger type connection so that supports are parallel one to another and bases thereof are on the same level. Above connection is located on support base level and includes oblong orifice extending in transversal direction relative connection member. Orifice is made in joint area of one component to be connected and is adapted for engagement with toothed finger oblong in the same direction and secured to another component. Connection member is formed as a set of sections to provide length regulation thereof in the given range by changing a number of connection member sections and by mutual connection thereof. Ends of each section may be connected with supports or with ends of another section by means of orifice-toothed finger type connection including oblong orifice formed on one component and toothed finger created on another one.

EFFECT: increased simplicity and reduced cost of fastener components and supports production, transportation and storage due to elimination of need in differently sized fastener components and supports; extended operating capabilities due to possibility of fastener usage for securing wall reinforcement members.

9 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for erection of above-ground heat-insulated reinforced concrete walls of dwelling and civil buildings with the use of retained forms.

SUBSTANCE: assembly comprises opposite panels formed of porous heat-insulating material and connected by bridges so that panels define space for reinforcement mounting and hardening pourable material pouring. Upper, lower and side panel surfaces have extensions and corresponding depressions to connect one assembly to another ones. Each bridge includes central part and two extreme parts connected to central one by connection members. Extreme parts have elongated members located inside panels and terminating in plates located on outer panel surfaces. Plates have projections formed on outer surfaces thereof. Each projection height is at least 3 mm. Panels and plates are covered with facing layer applied on outer surfaces thereof by partial panel immersion in mould filled with pourable hardening material. Methods of form assembly and of building wall erection with the use of above wall assembly are also disclosed.

EFFECT: increased reliability and strength of retained form and wall erected with the use of the form, increased rate of wall erection.

19 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for erecting frame or frameless cast-in-place structures, particularly to construct low-story buildings and buildings in the case of limited capacity of building equipment usage.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming cavity by fixing retained form members with the use of knock-down form so that retained form members are arranged on inner surfaces of knock-down form panels; strutting off opposite retained form members by stay rods having stops; connecting opposite knock-down form panels with each other with the use of fastening members which pass through members of retained and knock-down forms; pouring concrete mix in layers; grouting stay rods in wall and demounting knock-down form after concrete layer hardening. To perform above method at least 4 rows of orifices are formed in knock-down form panels, retained form panels comprise at least 2 rows of orifices formed so that the orifices are located in apexes of rectangles identical for forms of both types and for any two pairs of the nearest orifices of adjacent rows. Horizontal row of knock-down form panels is installed on lower hardened wall layer or on a base and retained form is installed along with air-tightly connecting adjacent members thereof. Then retained form orifices are coaxially aligned with knock-down form ones. Stay rods formed of heat-insulating material and having stop washers on stay rod ends and threaded orifices are installed in the cavities. The threaded orifices are coaxially aligned with knock-down form ones. Threaded sections of fastening members are inserted in end threaded orifices of stay bars through pressing washers and orifices of the forms. Guiding sections are simultaneously seated in knock-down form panel orifices. Pressing washers are located from outer surfaces of knock-down form panels. Both forms are secured by screwing in fastening members and thereby pressing knock-down form panels to retained form members over the full surface thereof along with pressing retained form members to limiting washers. After being demounted knock-down form is moved upwards and new row of form panels is mounted by connecting lower edges thereof to wall with the use of at least two rows of grouted stay rods and fastening members. After that cavities inside upper part of knock-down form are formed once again for pouring next concrete mix portion.

EFFECT: possibility to utilize only friction force appeared due to pressing retained form members to stay rods over their surface by knock-down form panels for retained form fastening during building structure erection; possibility to regulate above force and to substitute some members for simple and light-weight ones (knock-down form), elimination of other members (post), prevention of cold bridges appearance, optimization of building process due to structure member reuse.

12 cl, 17 dwg

Retained form // 2267584

FIELD: building, particularly units and methods to connect retained forms and building structures one to another during building erection, load-bearing and self-supporting partition forming inside buildings, during heating of buildings to be reconstructed, building facing and lining, as well as landscape architecture objects erection.

SUBSTANCE: retained form comprises sheets with grooves formed on side faces thereof. The grooves are sized in accordance with dimensions of fixer adapted to connect one sheet to another one. The retained form comprises straight and corner members provided with grooves mating in size with fixer. The sheets and straight and corner members are provided with fixing corbels. Each corbel has at least one groove sized in accordance with fixer dimensions. Unit adapted to connect sheets, straight and corner members is made as fixer inserted in grooves thereof. The fixers are formed as round discs.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of retained form and building structure assemblage, reduced mounting time, decreased number of necessary fastening members, reduced material and material consumption and weight, extended functionality of retained form and building structure, improved building and building structure appearance.

2 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to erect load-bearing building walls.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises frame structure composed of frame members connected one to another by cross-pieces. The frame structure is mare as three-dimensional grid defining cells. Each cell is formed of two frames with holes located at frame corners and connected one to another by cross-pieces arranged in frame corners. The cross-pieces are provided with locks. Each lock is made as angle member and plate bent in two steps. The angle member and the plate are connected by rectangular plate. Building erection method with the use of above device is also disclosed.

EFFECT: simplified method due to porous concrete usage and possibility to create all-purpose building frame, which provides necessary strength of load-bearing walls, increased reliability and reduced material consumption.

5 cl, 12 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: land-based construction, particularly to erect reinforced concrete building walls with the use of retained form.

SUBSTANCE: assembly comprises two opposite panels formed of porous material and connected with each other by at least one bridge. The panels form space defined by inner panel surfaces. Each bridge is sectional and comprises core part and at least two extreme parts. One end of each extreme part is connected with one core part end. Another end of each extreme part is provided with elongated member, which extends from inner panel surface to opposite outer panel surface inside panel body and terminates with fixing means. The fixing means secures extreme part of bridge to panel. Outer surface of at least one of two panels is provided with facing. Elongated member of extreme bridge part passes beyond outer surface of above panel. The fixing means is made as a grid or mesh, which is opposite to outer panel surface and spaced from the surface. The grid or mesh may be directly located on outer panel surface. The fixing means is connected to elongated member ends extending beyond outer panel surface and is embedded in facing layer.

EFFECT: increased strength of the assembly and reduced labor inputs due to above assembly usage.

10 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly to erect cast-in-place walls faced with panels of different properties (heat-protection, sound-proofing and so on).

SUBSTANCE: device for permanent connection of wall panels to be concreted adapted to erect cast-in-place walls includes several clip pairs secured to both panels and made as resilient bent plates. One clip of the pair has U-shaped profile with four inclined projections connected to sides thereof, another one comprises four corresponding grooves. All clip pairs are adapted to retain panels so that the panels are spaced predetermined distance apart. The inclined projections are bent with respect to slip sides to improve filling of U-shaped clip interior with concrete.

EFFECT: increased fullness of panel space filling with concrete and possibility to compensate assemblage errors.

2 cl, 6 dwg

Fastening device // 2301306

FIELD: building, particularly devices for reinforcement and other members fixation.

SUBSTANCE: fastening device comprises curvilinear section immersed in hardening material and bent end. The curvilinear section and bent end are made as a single whole of wire and formed as flat spirals. The first spiral may be unwound to create conical screw line and grouted with hardening material. Another spiral has insulation shell and may be unwound to create socket on structure to be formed of hardening material after isolation shell removal.

EFFECT: decreased material consumption and structure production costs, increased operational reliability and manufacturing capabilities and extended fastening device range.

1 cl, 1 dwg

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