Pyrazole- and phenyl derivatives as ppar inhibitors

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a novel compounds of formula (I) and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts or esters having agonistic effect on PPARδ and/or PPARα, where X1 is selected from a group which includes O and CH2, R1 denotes hydrogen or C1-C7alkyl, R2 denotes C1-C7alkyl, or if X1 denotes CH2, then R2 denotes hydrogen, R3 denotes hydrogen or C1-C7alkyl, R4 and R8 are independently selected from a group which includes hydrogen, C1-C7alkyl, C1-C7alkoxy, halogen, R5, R6 and R7 are independently selected from a group which includes hydrogen, C1-C7alkoxy, halogen, where one of R5, R6 and R7 denotes , where X2 denotes O, R10 denotes hydrogen, R11 denotes hydrogen, one of R12 or R13 is selected from a group which includes hydrogen, C1-C7alkyl and fluoro(C1-C7)alkyl, and the other denotes an unshared electron pair, R14 denotes hydrogen, R15 denotes 4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, and n equals 1, 2 or 3. The invention also relates to pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds.

EFFECT: increased effectiveness of the compounds.

23 cl, 20 ex

 

The text descriptions are given in facsimile form.

1. The compounds of formula

where X1selected from the group comprising O and CH2,
R1means hydrogen or C1-C7alkyl,
R2means1-C7alkyl,
or, if X1means of CH2, R2represents hydrogen,
R3means hydrogen or C1-C7alkyl,
R4and R8independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, C1-C7alkyl, C1-C7alkoxy, halogen,
R5, R6and R7independently from each other selected from the group including
hydrogen, C1-C7alkoxy, halogen,
this one and the R 5, R6and R7means
,
where X2represents O,
R10represents hydrogen,
R11represents hydrogen,
one of R12or R13selected from the group including hydrogen, C1-C7alkyl and fluorine(C1-C7)alkyl, and the other means unshared electron pair,
R14represents hydrogen,
R15means 4-trifloromethyl, and
n is 1, 2 or 3,
and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts or esters.

2. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1 of formula I-A
,
where X1X2, R1-R4, R8, R10-R15and n have the meanings indicated in claim 1,
R5and R7independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen,
With1-C7alkoxy, halogen, and
their pharmaceutically acceptable salts or esters.

3. The compounds of formula I-A according to claim 2, where at least one of R4and R8means1-C7alkyl or C1-C7alkoxy, and one of R5and R7means1-C7alkoxy.

4. The compounds of formula I-A according to claim 3, where R4means1-C7alkyl or C1-C7alkoxy.

5. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1 of formula I-B

where X1X2, R1 -R4, R8, R10-R15and n have the meanings indicated in claim 1,
R5and R6independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, C1-C7alkoxy, halogen, and
their pharmaceutically acceptable salts or esters.

6. The compounds of formula I-B according to claim 5, where at least one of R4and R8means1-C7alkyl or C1-C7alkoxy, and one of R5and R7means1-C7alkoxy.

7. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1 of formula I-C

where X1X2, R1-R4, R8, R10-R15and n have the meanings indicated in claim 1,
R6and R7independently from each other selected from the group including hydrogen, C1-C7alkoxy, halogen, and
their pharmaceutically acceptable salts or esters.

8. The compounds of formula I-C according to claim 6, where at least one of R4and R8means1-C7alkyl or C1-C7alkoxy, and one of R5and R7means1-C7alkoxy.

9. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1, where R1means hydrogen.

10. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1, where X1means Acting

11. The compounds of formula I of claim 10, where R2and R3mean1-C7alkyl.

12. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1, where X1means CH2.

13. The compounds of formula I according to any one of claims 1 to 12, where n is 1 or 2.

14. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1, where n is equal to 2.

15. The compounds of formula I but to claim 1, where n is equal to 3.

16. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1, where one of R5, R6and R7means

a R10-R12, R14, R15and n have the meanings indicated in claim 1.

17. The compounds of formula I according to clause 16, where R12means1-C7alkyl or fluorine(C1-C7)alkyl.

18. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1, selected from the group comprising 2-methyl-2-{2-methyl-4-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]phenoxy}propionic acid,
2-methyl-2-(2-methyl-4-{2-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]ethoxy}phenoxy)propionic acid,
2-methyl-2-(3-{2-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]ethoxy}phenoxy)propionic acid,
3-{2-methoxy-4-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]phenyl)propionic acid,
2-{2,3-dimethyl-4-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]phenoxy}-2-methylpropionate acid,
2-methyl-2-{2-methyl-4-[2-(2,2,2-triptorelin)-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]phenoxy}propionic acid,
2-methyl-2-{2-methyl-4-[1-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]phenoxy}propionic acid,
2-{2,5-dichloro-4-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]Fe is oxy}-2-methylpropionate acid,
2-{4-[1-deformity-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]-2-methylphenoxy}-2-methylpropionate acid,
2-methyl-2-(2-methyl-4-{3-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]propoxy}phenoxy)propionic acid,
2-(2,5-dichloro-4-{2-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]ethoxy}phenoxy)-2-methylpropionate acid,
2-methyl-2-(2-methyl-4-{2-[2-(2,2,2-triptorelin)-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]ethoxy}phenoxy)propionic acid,
2-{5-methoxy-2-methyl-4-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]phenoxy}-2-methylpropionate acid,
2-(5-methoxy-2-methyl-4-{3-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]propoxy}phenoxy)-2-methylpropionate acid,
2-{4-[2-deformity-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]-2-methylphenoxy}-2-methylpropionate acid and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts and/or esters.

19. The compounds of formula I according to claim 1, selected from the group including
2-methyl-2-{2-methyl-4-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-ylethoxy]phenoxy}propionic acid,
2-methyl-2-(2-methyl-4-{2-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]ethoxy}phenoxy)propionic acid,
2-methyl-2-(2-methyl-4-{3-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]propoxy}phenoxy)propionic acid,
2-(5-methoxy-2-methyl-4-{3-[2-methyl-5-(4-trifloromethyl)-2H-pyrazole-3-yl]propoxy}phenoxy)-2-methylprop the new acid and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts and/or esters.

20. Compounds according to any one of claims 1 to 19, having agonistic activity against PPARδ and/or PPARα.

21. Compounds according to any one of claims 1 to 19 for use as therapeutically active substances for the treatment and/or prevention of diseases which are modulated by agonists of PPARδ and/or PPARα.

22. Pharmaceutical composition having agonistic activity against PPARδ and/or PPARα, comprising as active ingredient a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 19, as well as pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and/or adjuvant.

23. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 20, intended for the treatment and/or prevention of diseases which are modulated by agonists of PPARδ and/or PPARα.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors are characterised by formulae II, III, V, VI, where X is CH or N; L is a single bond, -(CH2)nCONH-, -(CH2)nCON(CH2CH3)-, (CH2)nSO2, (CH2)nCO2 or alkylene, optionally substituted oxo or hydroxy; n assumes values from 0 to 3; R1 is optionally substituted alkyl; R3 - H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, optionally substituted phenyl, phenylalkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl or cycloalkylalkyl; R4 and R5 represent alkyl; R6 - cycloalkyl, R7 is H; R8 is H, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, -CO-alkyl, optionally substituted alkyl.

EFFECT: new phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors have improved properties.

55 cl, 30 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to new derivatives of common formula (I) , in which: A, if available, means (C1-C6)-alkyl; R1 means group NR6R7, (C4-C7)-azacycloalkyl, (C5-C9)-azabicycloalkyl, besides, these groups, unnecessarily, are substituted with one or more substituents, selected from (C1-C5)-alkyl or halogen; A-R1 is such that nitrogen of radical R1 and nitrogen in position 1 of pyrazole are necessarily separated at least by two atoms of carbon; R3 means radical H, OH, NH2, ORc, NHC(O)Ra or NHSO2Ra; R4 means phenyl or heteroaryl, unnecessarily, substituted with one or more substituents, selected from halogen, CN, NH2, OH, ORc, C(O)NH2, phenyl, polyfluoroalkyl, linear or ramified (C1-C6)-alkyl, besides these substituents, unnecessarily, are substituted with halogen, and moreover, heteroaryl radicals are 3-10-member, containing one or more heteroatoms, selected from sulphur or nitrogen; R5 means radical H, linear or ramified (C1-C6)-alkyl; Ra means linear or ramified (C1-C6)-alkyl; Rc means linear or ramified (C1-C6)-alkyl, (poly)fluoroalkyl or phenyl; R6 and R7, independently from each other, means hydrogen, (C1-C6)-alkyl; R6 and R7 may create 5-, 6- or 7-member saturated or non-saturated cycle, which includes one heteroatom, such as N, and which, unnecessarily, substituted with one or more atoms of halogen; to its racemates, enantiomers, diastereoisomers and their mixtures, to their tautomers and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, excluding 3-(3-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole-1- butanamine, 4-(3-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole-1-butanamine and N-(diethyl)-4-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-1-ethylamine. Invention is also related to methods for production of compounds of formula (I) and to pharmaceutical composition intended for treatment of diseases that appear as a result of disfunction of nicotine receptors α7 or favorably responding to their modulation, on the basis of these compounds.

EFFECT: production of new compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable composition on their basis, which may find application in medicine for treatment, prophylaxis, diagnostics and observance over development of psychiatric or neurological disorders or diseases of central nervous system, when cognitive functions deteriorate or quality of sensor information processing drops.

16 cl, 106 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention refers to compounds of general formula (I) in the state of base salt or acid-addition salt, to method of their preparation and to the pharmaceutical composition thereof In the said formula R1 is (C1-C6)alkyl; (C3-C7)cycloalkyl unsubstituted or substituted once or more than once; (C3-C7)cycloalkylmethyl unsubstituted or substituted once or more than once; phenyl unsubstituted or substituted ; benzyl unsubstituted or substituted once or twice ; thienyl unsubstituted or substituted ; R2 is atom hydrogen or (C1-C3)alkyl; R3 is (C1-C5)alkyl; R4, R5, R6, R7, each R8 and R9 independently represents the atom of hydrogen, atom of halogen, (C1-C7)alkyl, (C1-C5)alkoxy or trifluoromethyl radical; n is 0, 1 or 2; Alk is (C1-C4)alkyl.

EFFECT: new compounds possess useful biological activity.

5 cl, 5 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel malononitryl derivatives of formula (I), which can be applied to fight pest insects. In formula (I) R1 represents hydrogen atom; R2 represents hydrogen atom; R represents hydrogen atom; R4 represents C1-C5-alkyl group substituted with at least one halogen atom, C2-C5-alkenyl group; R5 represents hydrogen atom, halogen atom, C1-C5-alkyl group; at least one of X1, X2 and X3 values represents CR6, the other represent nitrogen atoms; R represents hydrogen atom, halogen atom, cyanogroup, nitrogroup, formyl group, C1-C5-alkyl group optionally substituted with at least one halogen atom, C1-C5-alkyltiogroup, substituted with at least one halogen atom, C2-C6-alkylcarbonyl group substituted with at east one halogen atom, C2-C5-alkoxycarbonyl group or group (CH2)mQ, where m = 0, and Q stands for phenyl; and in case when one of R5 and R6 is bonded with two atoms in adjacent positions or two R6 are bonded with two atoms in adjacent positions, they can be bonded to each other in end positions with formation of C2-C6-alkandiyl group, or C4-C6-alkenediyl group. Invention also relates to composition and method used to fight pest-insects.

EFFECT: obtaining novel malononitryl derivatives of formula (I), which can be applied to fight pest-insects.

11 cl, 90 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention pertains to a malononitrile compound with formula (I): where one of X1, X2, X3 and X4 stands for CR100, where R100 is a group with formula (II) each three of the other X1, X2, X3 and X4 is nitrogen or CR5, under the condition that, from one to three of X1, X2, X3 and X4 stands for nitrogen, Z is oxygen, sulphur or NR6. The malononitrile compound can be used a pesticide in agriculture.

EFFECT: obtaining a new pest control compound and its use as an active ingredient of a pesticide composition.

18 cl, 180 ex

Dpp-iv inhibitors // 2345067

FIELD: chemistry, pharmaceutics.

SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to novel compounds of general formula (I) Z-C(R1R2)-C(R3NH2)-C(R4R5)-X-N(R6R7) (I), or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt which is different because Z represents phenyl; where Z can be substituted with one or more R8, where R8 represents halogen; R1, R4 represent H; R2, R5 represent H; R3 represents H; X is selected from group consisting of S(O)2 and C(O); R6, R7 are independently selected from group consisting of H, (C(R29R30))m-X1-Z1 and (C(R31R32))n-X2-X3-Z2 and C1-4alkyl, which carries substitution with one or more R29a, where R29a is independently selected from group consisting of R29b and Z1, on condition that R6 and R7 are selected in such way that R6 and R7 were not simultaneously independently selected from group consisting of H, CH3, CH2CH3, CH2CH2CH3 and CH(CH3)2; R29 R29b, R30, R31, R32 are independently selected from group consisting of H, C1-6alkyl and N(R32a)-C1-6alkyl; R32a represents C1-6alkyl; m is 0, 1 or 2; n is 2; X1 is independently selected from group consisting of covalent bond, -C1-6alkyl and -C1-6alkyl-N(R33)-; X2 represents -N(R35)-; X3 represents -C(O)-; R33 represents C1-6alkyl; R35 represents H; Z1, Z2 are independently selected from group consisting of Z3 and -C(R37a)Z3aZ3b; R37a represents H; Z3, Z3a, Z3b are independently selected from group consisting of T1, T2, C1-6alkyl, C1-6alkyl-T1 and C1-6alkyl-T2; T1 represents phenyl; where T1 is optionally substituted with one or more R38; R38 being independently selected from group consisting of halogen, CN, R39, C(O)NH2, S(O)2NH2, OT3, C(O)N(R40)T3 and T3, T2 is selected from group consisting of C3-7cycloalkyl, indanyl, tetralinyl, heterocycle and heterobicycle, T2 optionally carries substitution with one or more R41, where R41 is independently selected from group consisting of halogen, R42, OH and T3; R39 is selected from group consisting of C1-6alkyl, O-C1-6alkyl, S-C1-6alkyl, C(O)N(R44)-C1-6alkyl, S(O)-C1-6alkyl and S(O)2-C1-6alkyl, where each C1-6alkyl optionally carries substitution with one or more R45, where R45 is independently selected from group consisting of F, N(R46R47) and T3; R42 represents C1-6alkyl, each C1-6alkyl optionally carries substitution with one or more R45, where R45 is independently selected from group consisting of F; R40, R46, R47 are independently selected from group consisting of H and C1-6alkyl; R44 represents H; T3 is selected from group consisting of T4 and T5; T4 represents phenyl, where T4 optionally carries substitution with one or more R51, where R51 is independently selected from group consisting of halogen, OR52, S(O)2N(R52R53), C1-6alkyl; R52, R53 are independently selected from group consisting of H and C1-6alkyl; T5 is selected from group consisting of heretocycle C3-7cycloalkyl, where T5 optionally carries substitution with one or more R54, where R54 represents C1-6alkyl; where heterocycle represents ring of cyclobutane, cyclopentane, cyclohexane, which can contain double bonds in number up to maximal, or aromatic or non-aromatic ring which is fully or partially saturated or unsaturated, and in which at least one carbon atom, maximally up to four carbon atoms, are substituted with heteroatom, selected from group including oxygen and nitrogen, and where ring is bound with remaining part of molecule through carbon or nitrogen atom; where heterobicycle represents heterocycle as stated above, which is condensed with phenyl or other heterocycle with formation of bicyclic ring system, on condition that the following compound is excluded from claim:3-amino-N-cyclohexyl-4-phenylbutyramide. Invention also relates to pharmaceutical composition based on compound of general formula (I) and to their application for manufacturing medication for treatment and/or prevention of conditions during which it is desirable to inhibit DPP-IV.

EFFECT: obtaining novel group of compounds possessing useful biological properties.

26 cl, 8 tbl, 193 ex

FIELD: medicine; pharmacology.

SUBSTANCE: subjects of invention are also pharmaceutical drugs or agents for prophylaxis and treatment of neuropathy, increase of production and treatment of the neurotrophic factor, for pain relief, for nerve protection, for prophylaxis and treatment of the neuropathic pain containing compound of the formula or of the formula . In the compounds of the formulas (I) and (II) symbols and radicals have the meanings mentioned in the invention formula. The specified agents have an excellent effect and low toxicity. There are also proposed ways of treatment and prophylaxis of the abovementioned conditions by means of the compounds of the formula (I) or (II) and application of these compounds for production of the abovementioned agents. Besides, one has proposed methods for production of the specified compounds and intermediate pyrazol compounds.

EFFECT: compound has an effect increasing production and secretion of the neurotrophic factor.

46 cl, 1 tbl, 233 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine, pharmacy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel α-(N-sulfonamido)acetamides of the formula (I) or their optical isomers wherein values R1, R, R2 and R3 are given in the invention claim. Proposed compounds are inhibitors of production of β-amyloid peptide and can be used for inhibition of production of β-amyloid peptide. Also, invention relates to pharmaceutical composition based on these compounds and to a method for inhibition of production of β-amyloid peptide.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal property of compounds and pharmaceutical composition.

22 cl, 23 sch, 4 tbl, 501 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine, pharmacy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to using phenylethenyl- or phenylethynyl-derivatives as antagonists of glutamates receptors. Invention describes using compound of the general formula (I):

wherein each among R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 means independently of one another hydrogen atom, (C1-C6)-alkyl, -(CH2)n-halogen, (C1-C6)-alkoxy-group, -(CH2)n-NRR', -(CH2)n-N(R)-C(O)-C1-C6)-alkyl, phenyl or pyrrolyl that can be unsubstituted or substituted with one or more (C1-C6)-alkyl; each among R, R' and R'' means independently of one another hydrogen atom or (C1-C6)-alkyl; A means -CH=CH- or C≡C; B means ,, , , or wherein R6 means hydrogen atom, (C1-C)-alkyl, -(CH2)n-C(O)OR, or halogen atom; R7 means hydrogen atom, (C1-C6)-alkyl, -(CH2)n-C(O)OR', halogen atom, nitro-group or oxodiazolyl group that can be unsubstituted or substituted with (C1-C6)-alkyl or cycloalkyl; R8 means hydrogen atom, (C1-C6)-alkyl, -(CH2)n-OH, -(CH2)n-C(O)OR'' or phenyl; R9 means (C1-C6)-alkyl; R10 and R11 mean hydrogen atom; R12 means -(CH2)n-N(R)-C(O)-(C1-C6)-alkyl; R13 means hydrogen atom; each R14, R15, R16 and R17 independently of one another means hydrogen atom or (C1-C6)-alkoxy-group; each R18, R19 and R20 independently of one another means hydrogen atom; R21 means hydrogen atom or (C1-C6)-alkyl; R22 means hydrogen atom, (C1-C6)-alkyl or (C1-C6)-alkyl comprising one or more substitutes chosen from groups hydroxy- or halogen atom; R23 means hydrogen atom, (C1-C6)-alkanoyl or nitro-group; each among R24, R25 and R26 independently of one another means hydrogen atom or (C1-C6)-alkyl; n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6; X means -O- or -S-; Y means -CH= or -N=, and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts used in preparing medicinal agents designates for treatment or prophylaxis of disorders mediated by mGluR5-receptors. Also, invention describes compounds of the formula (I-A), compound of the formula (I-B-1) given in the invention description, and a medicinal agent used in treatment or prophylaxis of disorders mediated by mGluR5-receptors.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds.

44 cl, 1 tbl, 44 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel retinoid compounds of the structural formula (I) or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts and pharmaceutical compositions possessing agonistic activity with respect to retinoid receptors and comprising indicated compounds wherein n = 1; d = 0 or 1; B means -CR7=CR8-, -CH2O- wherein R7 and R8 each means independently hydrogen atom; X means phenyl optionally substituted with halogen atom, or 5-membered heteroaryl comprising sulfur atom (S) as a heteroatom; R1 means -C(=O)-R9 wherein R9 means alkyl, hydroxyl, amino-, heteroaryloxy-group comprising oxygen atom (O) or 6-membered heterocyclyl comprising nitrogen atom (N) as a heteroatom; R2 means: (a) -(CR10R11)m-Yp-R12; m means a whole number from 1 to 10; p means 0 or 1; R10 and R11 mean hydrogen atom; Y means -O-, -S- or -NR13-; R13 means hydrogen atom; R12 means hydrogen atom, alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenyl, 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl comprising atoms N, S, O as a heteroatom, 5- or 6-membered heteroarylalkyl comprising atoms N, S, O as a heteroatom, heteroalkyl comprising atoms N, S, O as a heteroatom, 5- or 6-membered heterocyclyl comprising atoms N, S, O as a heteroatom, or 5- or 6-membered heterocyclylalkyl comprising atoms N, S, O as a heteroatom under condition that when p means 0 then R12 doesn't mean hydrogen atom or alkyl; (b) 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl comprising atoms N, S, O as a heteroatom; (c) -Z-L wherein Z means -CR14=CR15-, -C≡C-, -C(=O) or -S-; R14 and R15 mean hydrogen atom; L means 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl comprising atoms N, S, O as a heteroatom; (d) -CR14=CR15-L1 wherein L1 means -S(O)2R17 or -SO2NR18R19 wherein R17 means alkyl; R18 and R19 mean hydrogen atom; each R3 means independently hydrogen atom, hydroxyl or oxo-group; t means 1 or 2.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds and compositions.

59 cl, 10 tbl, 54 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compounds of formula

or

or to their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, where ring A, R2, R3, R4 and X are as defined in the description. The disclosed compounds are useful as 11βHSD1 inhibitor. The invention also relates to a pharmaceutical composition, an agent for treating or preventing pathology related to glucocorticoids, a 11βHSD1 inhibitor containing the disclosed compound or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt, and use of the disclosed compounds.

EFFECT: compounds are highly effective.

40 cl, 48 tbl, 191 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: pharmaceutical composition of fast release includes granules obtained by granulation from melt. Granules contain DPP-IV inhibitor and meltable hydrophobic component with ratio from 1:1 to 1:10 (per dry weight). At least 90% of granule surface are covered with meltable hydrophobic component. Granules release approximately 50% of DPP-IV inhibitor during 30 minutes after peroral introduction of medication. DPP-IV inhibitor is N-(substituted glicyl)-2-cyanopyrrolodin or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt. Preferably DPP-IV is (S)-1-[(3-hydroxy-1-adamantyl)amino]acetyl-2-cyanopyrrolidin.

EFFECT: composition for fast release according to invention possesses improved stability in presence of moisture in comparison with known compositions for controlled or prolonged release.

20 cl, 9 tbl, 10 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel compounds of formula : in which R1 represents a hydrogen atom or alkyl optionally substituted with (1) aralkyloxy group, (2) aroyl, (3) isoquinolinyl or (4) aryl, optionally substituted with an alkoxy group; the solid line and the dashed line between A1 and A2 represent a double bond (A1=A2) or a single bond (A1-A2); A1 is a group of formula C(R4), and A2 is a nitrogen atom when the solid line and the dashed line between A1 and A2 represents a double bond (A1=A2); A1 is a group of formula C=O, and A2 is a group of formula N(R5) when the solid line or the dashed line between A1 and A2 represent a single bond (A1-A2); R2 represents alkyl optionally substituted with a cyano group, aryl optionally substituted with an alkoxy group, aralkyl optionally substituted with a halogen atom, a cyano group, an alkoxy group, an alkyl or carbamoyl or alkynyl; R3 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, cyano, formyl, carboxyl, alkyl optionally substituted with (1) amino group optionally substituted with alkyl, or (2) alkoxy group, aryl optionally substituted with an alkoxy group, tetrazolyl, alkylcarbonyl, cycloalkylcarbonyl, heteroarylcarbonyl, where heteroaryl is a 4-6-member monocyclic radical containing 1-2 heteroatoms selected from a nitrogen atom or oxygen atom, alkoxycarbonyl, carbamoyl optionally substituted with alkyl, cycloalkyl or cycloalkylalkyl, hydroxyl, alkoxy group or a group of formula: -Rd-C(O)O-Re, where Rd represents a single bond, and Re represents a group of formula: -CH(R4a)OC(O)R4b, where R4a represents alkyl or R4b represents cycloalkyloxy or aryloxy; R represents a hydrogen atom, hydroxyl, cyano, alkyl, carbamoyl, carboxyl, aryloxy optionally substituted with an alkoxy group or carbamoyl, alkylsulfonyl, alkylcarbonyl or alkoxycarbonyl; R5 represents a hydrogen atom or alkyl; -Y represents a group of formula (A) given below: in which m1 equals 2, and R6 is absent, or to pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the said compounds. The invention also relates to compounds of formula (VI), to pharmaceutical compositions, to a dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor, as well as to use of the said compounds.

EFFECT: obtaining novel biologically active compounds with dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibition properties.

20 cl, 76 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compounds of general formula (I) and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts and pharmaceutically acceptable asters, possessing activity with respect to LXRα and/or LXRβ receptors. Compounds can be applied for treatment and prevention of diseases mediated by LXRα and/or LXRβ receptors, namely: increased level of lipids and cholesterol level, atherosclerotic diseases, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidermia, sepsis, inflammatory diseases, pancreatitis, liver cholestasis/fibrosis, and diseases which include inflammatory component, such as Alzheimer's disease and reduced/improvable cognitive function. In general formula n represents integer number from 0 to 3; R1 is independently selected from group consisting of halogen, -CN, -NO2, -SO2Me, lower alkyl, -OR11, pyperidinyl and -N(R11)(R11), where R11 is independently selected from lower alkyl and H, X1, X2, X3 and X4 are independently selected from nitrogen and carbon, on condition that, not more than two of X1, X2, X3 and X4 can simultaneously represent nitrogen, and in case when two of X1, X2, X3 and X4 represent nitrogen, n represents 0,1 or 2; k represents integer number 0 or 1; R2 represents H; R3 represents H, lower alkyl or halogen; R4 represents aryl, heteroaryl, lower alkylaryl or lower alkylheteroaryl, each of which is optionally substituted with substituents in amount from one to five, which are independently selected from group consisting of halogen, lower alkyl, -OR41, lower alkinyl and NR42R43, where R41 represents lower alkyl, R42 and R43 independently on each other represent hydrogen or lower alkyl, or NR42R43 represents pyrrolidinyl, or R4 represents lower alkyl; R5 is selected from group, heteroaryl, consisting of and , said aryl and heteroaryl being optionally substituted in one or more positions with one or more substituents, independently selected from group consisting of H, halogen, lower alkyl and (CH2)VR53, where R51 is selected from group consisting of H, lower alkyl, lower alkenyl and lower alkylaryl, said lower alkylaryl is optionally substituted in one or more positions with one or more lower alkyl, -CN, halogen, group -COOR54 and group -CH2OR54, where R54 represents lower alkyl or H; R52 represents lower alkyl or -H; R53 represents H, lower alkyl, C3-C6-cycloalkyl, -COOR55, -N(R55)(R56), -CH2OH, -CN, CF3, -CONH2 or -CH2OR55, where R55 is independently selected from group consisting of lower alkyl, -H, -C(O)aryl or -C(O)-lower alkyl, and R56 is selected from group consisting of H, lower alkyl, -C(O)CF3, -C(O)aryl, -C(O)-lower alkyl and lower alkylaryl, and where said aryl and lower alkylaryl are optionally substituted in one or more positions with one or more lower alkyl, halogen, group COOR57 and group -CH2OR57, where R57 represents lower alkyl or -H, or R55 and R56 together with atom to which they are bound, form ring system; or R53 represents aryl, which can be optionally substituted with benzyloxy, carboxy, lower alkoxycarbonyl, hydroxy-(lower alkyl), halogen, carbamoyl, (lower alkyl)carbamoyl, di-(lower alkyl)carbamoyl, m represents integer number from 0 to 2; v represents integer number from 0 to 4; where term "lower alkyl" separately or in combination with other groups refers to branched or linear monovalent alkyl radical, containing from one to six carbon atoms, where term "aryl" separately or in combination with other groups refers to phenyl or naphthyl, and where term "hetyeroaryl" refers to aromatic 5- or 6-member ring, which can include 1-3 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen and/or sulphur, and which can be condensed with phenyl group.

EFFECT: increase of compound application efficiency.

38 cl, 5 dwg, 137 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel compounds of formula (I) which are protein tyrosine kinase 1B(PTP-1B) inhibitors and can be used in medicinal preparations for treating and preventing diseases related to high concentration of glucose in blood, for example diabetes and obesity. In formula (I) X is a X-1 group or X-2: , where R1 and R2 are each independently selected from a group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, alkoxy-lower alkyl and hydroxyl-lower alkyl, under the condition that, R1 and R2 both represent hydrogen; R3, R4, R6 and R7 are each independently selected from a group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl; lower alkyl substituted with halogen or hydroxy; lower alkoxy; lower alkoxy substituted with halogen, hydroxy or lower alkoxy; hydroxyl, halogen, lower alkylthio, lower alkylsufanyl, lower alkylsufanyl, aminosufonyl, cyano, nitro, carbamoyl, lower mono- or dialkylcarbamoyl, lower alkanoyl, benzoyl, phenyl, phenyl substituted with halogen, phenyloxy, lower mono- or dialkylamino, hydroxy-substituted lower alkylamino, lower alkanoylamino, lower alkylsulfonylamino, heterocycloalkyl, hydroxy-substituted heterocycloalkyl, heterocyclyloxy, heterocyclylcarbonyl; where each heterocycloalkyl in the said values represents a 5-6-membr ring containing 1-2 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen and oxygen, and which can be substituted with lower alkyl or phenyl-lower alkyl; carboxyl, lower alkoxycarbonyl and a substitute of formula: ; R8 is selected from a group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkylthio, halogen, alkoxy-lower alkoxy, lower alkoxy, halogen-lower alkyl, hydroxy-lower alkyl; represents a 5-member heteroaromatic ring containing 1 or 2 heteroatoms selected from a group consisting of hydrogen, sulphur and nitrogen; R8 and R9 each independently represents hydrogen or lower alkyl.

EFFECT: novel compounds have useful biological properties.

31 cl, 7 dwg, 152 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel hexafluoroisopropanol substituted derivatives of cyclohexane of formula (I) with LXRα- and/or LXRβ agonist modulation properties, as well as to their pharmaceutically acceptable salts. In formula (I) R1 denotes hydrogen, lower alkyl, fluoro-lower alkyl, lower alkyl-carbonyl, fluoro-lower alkyl-carbonyl, phenyl-lower alkyl, C3-C6-cycloalkyl-lower alkyl, C3-C6-cycloalkylcarbonyl or C3-C6-cycloalkyl-lower alkyl-carbonyl; R2 denotes hydrogen or lower alkyl; R3 denotes lower alkyl, phenyl-lower alkyl, where phenyl is possibly substituted with lower alkoxycarbonyl, lower alkoxycarbonyl, or if X represents a single bond and m is not equal to 0, R3 can also denote a hydroxy group; R4 denotes phenyl or heterocyclyl, where heterocyclyl is a five-member aromatic heterocyclic ring containing two heteroatoms selected from nitrogen and sulphur, optionally substituted with 1-3 substitutes independently selected from a group which includes lower alkyl and halogen; X denotes a single bond, SO2, CO or C(O)O; m equals 0, 1, 2 or 3; n equals 0 or 1. The invention also relates to a pharmaceutical composition containing formula (I) compounds.

EFFECT: novel compounds have useful biological properties.

20 cl, 35 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: small peptides of formula X1-X2-X3-X4-X5-X6-X7-R1, containing 7-12 amino acid residues are proposed.

EFFECT: said peptides are MC4 receptor agonists and are therefore useful in treating obesity and related diseases.

31 cl, 2 tbl, 82 ex

Pyrazoles // 2381217

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compounds of formula (I), where one of R1 and R2 is hydrogen or alkyl, and the other is (CH2)PY, where p=0 or 1, Y is a saturated mono-, bi- or tricyclic 5-10-member cycloalkyl ring optionally substituted with alkyl, or R1 and R2 together with N form a 7-10-member saturated bicyclic ring Z, optionally substituted with halogen, or a 5-7-member monocyclic ring Z, optionally substituted with alkyl, phenyl, phenylalkyl or pyridinyl; R3 is [2,2']bithiophenyl, 1-methylindole, 2,3-dihydrobenzo[1,4]dioxin, benzo[1,3]dioxole, benzothiophene, dibenzofuran, furan, naphthalene, quinoline, thianthrene, thiophene or pyrrole, or biphenyl substituted with halogen, or phenyl optionally substituted with one or more amino, cyano, formyls, halogens, hydroxyl, hydroxymethyls, acyls, acylamino, alkoxy, nitro, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoromethyls, phenoxy or benzyloxy, or R3 is a group, where Ar is phenyl substituted with halogen; and R4 is alkyl; and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. The invention also relates to a pharmaceutical composition with inhibitory activity towards the 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase1 (11(β-HSD1) enzyme.

EFFECT: pyrazole composition is disclosed.

22 cl, 1 tbl, 116 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: combined preparation containing thioctic acid in amount 100 to 1000 mg and dalargin in amount 0.1 to 4 mg is applied. The method of treating vascular complications of diabetes and diabetic polyneuropathy implies application of intravenous infusion of thioctic acid and dalargin in a pharmaceutically acceptable solvent within 2 courses of 10 days with a two-week interval. The preferential version of the composition is that one containing thioctic acid (300-600 mg), dalargin 3 mg and physiologic saline (250 ml). Application of the invention allows for prompt reduction or complete elimination of morbidity of vascular complications of diabetes and diabetic polyneuropathy.

EFFECT: development of the effective drug combination, improved life quality of the patients, reduced frequency of invalidisation, extended range of drug products for treating complications of pancreatic diabetes.

5 cl, 1 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: food product is characterised by a low content of glucose - up to 5% or an utter absence of it, balanced content of fat of less than 10%. The product includes a mixture of phytosterol ethers and/or phytostanol ethers (PS-E) with 1,3-diglycerides (DAG), not necessarily disperse or dissolved in food oil or fat. Moreover, content of PS-E exceeds that of DAG.

EFFECT: invention enables to produce a product controlling glucose exchange and insulin secretion suitable for prevention and treatment of conditions caused by diabetes to patients suffering from diabetes or in people predisposed to it.

18 cl, 12 dwg, 4 tbl, 18 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: treating of lipidosis and body-weight reduction in the patients with cardiovascular diseases is ensured by diet therapy based on the lacto-vegetarian diet. It involves introduction of proteins in daily amount of 67-79 g, including animal 48-57%, fats in daily amount of 32-49 g, including animal 40-52%, carbohydrates in daily amount of 240-257 g, cholesterol in daily amount of 40-268 mg, cellulose in daily amount of 18-20 g, dietary fibers in daily amount of 150 mg, potassium (K) in daily amount of 4567-6433 mg, magnesium (Mg) in daily amount of 535-693 mg, vitamin E in daily amount of 44-53 mg, arginine in daily amount of 3.9-5.2 g, dehydrated powdered maral meat in daily amount of 1200 mg, microcrystalline cellulose in daily amount of 900 mg. Duration of the diet therapy course is 33 days.

EFFECT: method provides suppression of cholesterol biosynthesis and intensification of excretion thereof that reduces the atherogenic index, reduces manifestations of oxidative stress, with reduced risk of realisation of the modified factors of a cardiovascular pathology.

1 tbl

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