Method and system for reloading

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: terminal system for loading/reloading (51) the ships (50) - container vessels incorporates the first berth (21) which provides ability for container vessel mooring; at least, one first reloading appliance (40), which is arranged near the first berth and is used for reloading from and/or to container vessel accordingly to and/or from the specified transit buffer area (20), arranged near the first berth for load temporary storage; and, at least, one second reloading appliance (22) intended for reloading from and/or to the buffer area accordingly to and/or from the terminal structure for load storage. Transit buffer area contains dock, which essentially lies between the first berth and, at least, one second berth of terminal structure, which provides ability to interact with the second reloading appliance. The second reloading appliance is a floating appliance which provides ability to take load and move afloat between the first and second berths.

EFFECT: invention increases functionality and enhances reliability.

13 cl, 9 dwg

 

The present invention relates to the construction of the terminal itself, which is designed to preserve the cargo and handling of cargo transit between the buffer area and land transport devices, such as, for example, trucks, rail cars or ships intended for navigation on inland waterways. In the art such design of the terminal is often called "multi-level". Transit buffer zone, which does not form part of the construction of the terminal as such, separates the design from the first pier on which the cargo is unloaded and loaded onto ships, and is used as an intermediate storage location of the discharge or load cargo.

The present invention also relates to the whole system of the terminal, designed for loading/unloading of cargo to and from ships, i.e. to the system that contains the buffer zone and the construction of the terminal. More specifically, the system contains the first terminal berth, made with the possibility of mooring at least one vessel, at least one first device handling cargo, located next to the specified first berth, and made with the possibility of overloading of cargo and/or the named ship, respectively, or on and/or from the transit buffer zone located the military next to the first dock for temporary storage of cargo, and at least one second device handling cargo that is intended for transshipment of cargo from and/or in the buffer zone, respectively, and/or in and/or from the construction of the terminal for cargo storage.

The present invention also relates to a method of loading/unloading of cargo on ships /ships that use the system terminal in accordance with the invention.

Currently, there are various means of unloading and/or loading of the cargo ships on land or at some distance from the shore construction, using, for example, cranes and/or gantry cranes for loading and unloading cargo from ships.

Known system containing the first berth, made with the possibility of mooring at least one vessel-vessel. Near this pier is provided, at least one first device handling cargo, which is made with overload of cargo and/or on the specified container ship, respectively, and/or from the transit buffer zone, located next to the first dock for temporary storage of cargo. The load is usually in the form of containers transported from the ship, using the first device handling cargo, for example, a crane, and placed in the transit buffer zone. In the known system terminal such transit buffer is she is a large paved space, which can be a part of the first pier, and where the second device handling cargo arriving or departing for transshipment of cargo from and to the buffer zone, respectively, into and out of the area or the construction of the terminal for storing cargo.

In the known system, the second device handling cargo are so-called container or container loaders. These vehicles include four elongated supports, between which is mounted lifting device. Lifting device can capture container. One operator of a small cabin located on top of four wheels, controls the container. After the capture of the container from the ground in the transit buffer zone, the container is moved to the area or the construction of the terminal, where it leaves the container and returns an empty buffer zone to capture another container, which was placed first device handling cargo. Due to the large size commercial one cargo container ship can carry no more than two containers simultaneously.

A disadvantage of the known system is that to ensure compliance with speed overload provided by the first device overload that takes a lot of container ships, in time of the liberation is th transit buffer zone. This means that during normal operation of the transit buffer area is full of moving the container. This requires detailed and time-consuming coordination between different carriers. In the case of poor coordination of the container, for example, often have to stand in line waiting. More importantly, it was noted many accidents when container ships collided, and the containers were struck or pressed people.

Another disadvantage of the known system is that the container is also used for the movement of containers in the terminal area, that is, to move them between the zone terminal and the transit buffer zone, and transporting them between the zone terminal and ground vehicles. This means that during normal operation, the terminal area is also crowded moving container, result in the same problems and risks that were identified for the transit buffer zone.

In US-B-6524050 system disclosed terminal designed for unloading of containers and loading of containers on ships, containing the design of the terminal, having an open front side with at least one berth, made with at least one dock. At the docks provided coffered doors, which provide the possibility W is artouche only vessel-vessel and which are used for loading/unloading, maintenance and protection of the vessel-container ship moored at the dock. Thus, the transit buffer zone in the system terminal on US-B-6524050 missing. Cargo unloaded from a ship, move directly into the design of the terminal. It can be assumed that this leads to improved efficiency compared to the use of the transit buffer zone, but it is not. Special bow mooring system, which uses nodes to install the provisions necessary to enable the mooring of container ships in these docks. This operation takes a very long time. In addition, in the docks is required to independently control the water level to adjust the height of container ships relative to the height of the terminal, which also takes a very long time considering the size of the ships.

In accordance with this object of the invention is to create a system terminal for loading and unloading of cargo on and off ships, which allows the proper and safe way to move cargo from a ship in the design or in the area of the terminal or Vice versa and allows you to increase the overall throughput and/or efficiency in loading and unloading ships.

In addition, the invention consists in the creation of the construction of the terminal itself, which would place Asim way and safely move cargo from the transit buffer zone in the design or Vice versa, and to increase the overall throughput and/or efficiency in loading and unloading of land transport devices.

Thus, the design of the terminal in accordance with the invention described in claim 1 of the claims, and the system terminal in accordance with the present invention is characterized in § 15 claims. Methods of loading/unloading of cargo to and from ships using the terminal in accordance with the invention are disclosed in p and 27 of the claims.

Note that the terms first, second, third and so forth, contained in the description and in the claims, are used to distinguish between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a sequential or chronological order. Terms used in this manner are interchangeable under appropriate circumstances and described herein embodiments of the invention allow operation in other sequences than described or presented here. With the purpose of clarity, the same terms are used for identical elements in different variants of execution and aspects of the invention.

More specifically, the system terminal in accordance with the invention, i.e. the system as a whole, contains a buffer zone, as well as the design of the terminal, characterized the same time, the transit buffer zone contains a Doc that essentially passes between the first port and at least one second berth construction of the terminal and which is configured to receive a second device handling cargo, and a second device handling cargo contains flotation device which has a capability to take cargo and swim between the first and second berths.

It turned out that by setting the dock between the first port and at least one second berth construction of the terminal, per unit of time, you can move more cargo and/or containers from a vessel-vessel in the construction of the terminal. This was unexpected, because the floating tool usually moves at a slower speed than the container. However, because the floating tool at a time can be loaded much more cargo and/or containers, increased the amount of cargo transported in one move from the buffer zone into the design of the terminal. In addition, thanks to the dock one or more vessels, not only significantly increases bandwidth when loading or unloading, but also increases security.

Preferably, in the system of the terminal as the first device overload of cargo using KRA is, mounted on the front of the pier. Such valves are well known in the art. One or more valves remove the cargo and/or containers from the deck of a container ship, raise them to the height of the transport, moving goods across the first berth at the height of transporting and again lowered weight to place on a floating craft moored to the first berth in the buffer zone. In accordance with the invention, it is possible to use all types of floating devices suitable for moving loads, preferably large loads. These floating devices can be motorized or may use other means to drive them in motion. For example, they may be driven by the underwater system of rails or walking foot or using any other appropriate means. Preferably, the second device handling cargo to provide a raft maneuvering which perform through at least one motorized vessel with a smaller size. Such rafts are well known, and in accordance with the invention, they allow you to upload up to 200 or more containers at the same time. Containers can be a 20 or 40 foot containers.

Motorized small craft are used for maneuvering the raft from its mooring at first what about the pier to the provisions of its mooring at the second berth in the construction of the terminal and Vice versa. The use of a variety of rafts with only one or a few small motorized vessels is feasible, reduces maintenance costs and increases the flexibility of operations.

An additional advantage of the system in accordance with the invention is that no longer required to deliver the goods in the form of containers, which is necessary when using container ships. Indeed, the floating device can be equipped with additional devices for receiving cargo. For example, it is possible to provide one or more floating rafts with one or more tanks in a case when the load is a fluid environment, such as crude oil. In this case, you no longer need to use the crane as the first device handling cargo. Instead, as the first device handling cargo, you can use the hose, and the hose is directly connected to the container for the fluid in the vessel-the vessel and the tank, the floating device. Cargo can in this case be simply pumped from the vessel-vessel to a floating device.

In another preferred system in accordance with the invention is not used, the first device handling cargo. In this preferred embodiment, the first and second devices per the load of cargo will constitute one and the same second device handling cargo. In accordance with this option perform the proposed move from the dock to the side of the first pier, which is moored container ship, and such movement allows the second device handling cargo to directly access the vessel-container ship. When the goods you want to move on container ship, the second device handling cargo, loaded cargo, maneuvering next to the ship-container ship, docked at the first dock. The cargo is then reloaded with a second device handling cargo on container ship, for example, using a small crane mounted on the deck of the vessel-container ship. In a more preferred embodiment, the container ship is made with the installation of a second device handling cargo area deck-container ship. With this purpose, the container ship contains, at least part of its length and near the specified area of the deck side wall, the height of which can be reduced to a level below the water level, allowing the water supply to that section of the deck. Then the second device handling cargo may, in accordance with the invention, to swim in the specified area of the deck of the container ship. When all devices overload will be posted so all iny side wall section returns to its original height, then the water contained in the indicated area of the deck, pumped from this area, leaving the second device handling cargo on the deck. The same system can be used for container vessels, have downloaded the second device handling cargo. In the above-described embodiment, the area of the deck is used for keeping multiple second devices handling cargo. However, you can also use other parts of the vessel-container, such as parts of the hold of the vessel-container.

System terminal in accordance with the invention preferably contains the construction of the terminal for automatic computerized overload, for example, loading and unloading cargo between container ships, trucks, rail cars and storage space. System and design of the terminal in accordance with the present invention reduces the amount of time required to idle on the mooring, fueling (fueling), cargo delivery and unloading and/or loading of cargo through effective Department operations berthing and loading/unloading of the vessel-container ship from operations of loading/unloading cargo in the area of the terminal, when using the transit buffer zone in the form of the dock. The design of the terminal is equipped so that it can be Avtomaticheskaya storage or transportation of loaded and/or unloaded cargo, using the third device handling cargo, and it is provided at least one of the second berth. The second device overload of cargo loaded or not loaded cargo can be moored in this second berth construction of the terminal. Second piers can be constructed in the form of partition walls between different docks smaller, adjacent to, or forming part of the structure of the terminal, which divide the smaller docks, representing the portion of buffer dock in accordance with the invention. Preferably, each of the docks at the terminal and system in accordance with the present invention has the ability to work in wet dock, dry dock and/or gateway for the second device handling cargo. System cross overhead beams overload provides an opportunity through a separate third device handling cargo lift cargo up and move from the second device handling cargo, moored at the dock, on the second pier. The third device handling cargo then distributes the load on the corresponding vehicle or for storage in the terminal.

In accordance with the invention in the system of the terminal using the terminal, preferably containing many parallel walls, whic is its next to the second terminal, many parallel high ground rails for overload, located on top of at least one of the walls, and at least one third device handling cargo, is arranged to move along the high ground rails for loading and gripping, moving and placement of cargo between the second device handling cargo, docked at the second dock, and other locations, which is not the second berth.

System terminal in accordance with the invention may further comprise a computer control system used to control operations of each of the third device handling cargo and to control run-time operations of the first and second devices of the cargo.

Furthermore, the design of the terminal may further comprise a storage area and overload containing railroad tracks, so that a specified third device or device handling cargo can move cargo between the one or more second devices handling cargo and railway carriage located on these train tracks, and/or a storage area within a specified area of storage and handling under computer control. In this embodiment, the system terminal, preferably, the addition is sustained fashion contains access to the railway to the construction of the terminal for the connection with the specified train rails in a specified area of storage and handling.

System terminal in accordance with the invention may further comprise the construction of the terminal has a storage area and overload containing the road, so that the third device handling cargo can move cargo between one second device handling cargo and truck on the road, and/or storage area in a specified storage area and overload under computer control. Preferably, the system terminal further ensures the access of trucks to the construction of the terminal for the connection with the specified road specified in the storage area and overload. It is obvious that the design of the terminal in accordance with the invention may contain several of the above access points to a road or a railway, or a combination of both. It is also possible to provide for the construction of the terminal with the waterways or channels for ships intended for navigation on inland waterways.

The second device overload of cargo can be self-propelled, but preferably, they maneuver through independent small motorized vehicles. In a preferred embodiment of the system in accordance with the invention provides remotely managed modules mooring designed to move in the categories of devices handling cargo in transit buffer zone.

When more than one dock is included in the system terminal, beams to move cargo between the berths can be included for easy movement of cargo from the dock to the dock, if required.

Furthermore, the design of the terminal may further comprise a storage area and overload, located near the docks, containing a railway and/or road so that the terminal allows goods to be moved, for example, in the form of containers between the first device handling cargo, docked in one of the docks, and the second device handling cargo, moored in the second dock, railway carriage on a railway track, a truck on the road and/or in the storage area within the storage area and overload using the transverse overhead beam overload, passing between different docks, in addition to overhead beams overload, installed perpendicular to the row adjacent docks, possibly under computer control.

In addition, the system terminal may be included construction of the terminal, designed to work in any weather, all year round, and this system terminal further comprises at least over part of its surface a roof over the design of the terminal and remove secretions from the construction of the terminal, n is the sample, as a result of fire. Usually inside the container maintains the atmosphere of a particular preservative gas under slight pressure. Part design terminal, equipped with a roof and method for the removal of secretions, preferably, used for the decontamination of containers. In addition, in the event of a fire or release of unpleasant gases part design terminal can be quickly isolated from the other parts of the terminal by closing the roof. Thanks to the installation of a large number of parallel walls in the construction of the terminal in accordance with the invention is provided adequate protection from explosions.

At the docks the construction of the terminal can be provided coffered doors (which can be attached to at least one of the docks)that opens and closes, and when they are closed, they are isolated from the adjacent dock buffer dock that allows you to (partially) remove the water from the dock for placement in the dry dock of the second device transhipment or storage of such devices during repair.

As the preferred options for performing the present invention in a third device handling cargo may be provided by means of reading present information about the cargo and/or freight containers. With this purpose you can use several systems, such as optical the e system for reading information labels attached to the cargo, and/or systems based on radio frequency tags. System based on RF tags in accordance with the identification (RFID) usually contains a transmitting antenna, which is made with the possibility of communication through radio waves with resonant label affixed to part of the cargo. Depending on the information recorded on the resonance label, this label returns the signal in the receiving antenna, which are in direct contact with the Central computer, which can transmit a corresponding signal to the third device handling cargo. Thus, for example, the terminal can be highly automated and can be performed at night, when human presence is minimized.

The design of the terminal system terminal in accordance with the invention may additionally contain any of the properties described below with reference to the construction of the terminal in accordance with the invention.

More specifically, the design of the terminal in accordance with the invention regardless of the type of transit buffer zone contains the drive and the overload range, designed for cargo storage and/or loading/unloading of cargo to/from device ground transportation, such as trucks, rail cars or ships, pre is scheduled for navigation on inland waterways, and side overload intended for transshipment of cargo to and from the transit buffer zone. In the construction of the terminal, a plurality of third devices overload of cargo, each of which is arranged to move in the first direction between a party and an overload zone storage and handling, capture, transfer, and placement of cargo between locations on the side of the overload and location within the storage area and overload. In addition, the design of the terminal, a plurality of fourth device handling cargo, each of which is arranged to move in a second direction that is not parallel to the first direction, and the carriage of goods between different locations within the storage area and overload. The fourth device handling cargo can also be adapted to capture and placement of the goods, but this is not essential, since the goods can also be placed and can be removed via a third device handling cargo. All third and fourth devices of the cargo is moved on a supporting structure, which are arranged crosswise to each other at different levels, with a given height difference between them to prevent collisions.

Since all third device overload of cargo moved in the direction, and all of the fourth device overload of cargo moved in the other direction, the design of the terminal in accordance with the invention can provide a more structured way to manage the load and may, for example, to exclude mutually intersecting the movement of trucks through the area of storage and handling. The intersection of the devices handling cargo at different heights to prevent collisions can substantially improve the security in the design of the terminal. In General, the system has the advantage consisting in the fact that the magnitude of the overhead costs can be reduced, and can be improved efficiency.

In a preferred embodiment, the supporting structure for the third device handling cargo contains many essentially parallel walls, passing in the first direction from the side of the overload, essentially, through the storage area and overload, and supporting structure for the fourth device handling cargo contains many essentially parallel passages passing in the second direction, on the lower level. In this embodiment, the holes in the walls allows the passage of the fourth device handling cargo, while they move along the aisles. Many parallel walls can further improve the safety of those inside the structure the component, because they help to protect workers from shock load which may fall from above.

Preferably, in this embodiment, the third device handling cargo is arranged to move along the high ground rails for overload, which are located above the walls. Similarly, preferably, the passages for third devices overload of cargo were provided by the rails, and the fourth device overload of cargo were designed to move on rails. This provides the advantage consisting in the fact that all units of cargo are moved along a fixed path, which may further increase the safety within the construction of the terminal.

In a preferred embodiment, the support structure for the fourth device handling cargo mutually connected through structures of mutual connection, in which every fourth device overload of cargo can be moved from one number to another. This provides the advantage consisting in the fact that every fourth device handling cargo can quickly restart the load from one series to another, which improves the efficiency of the design of the terminal.

The first direction that moves the third device handling cargo, preferably located essentially perpendicular to the second direction, which moves the fourth device handling cargo. This allows to further increase the number of structures in the construction of the terminal in accordance with the invention and, thus, reduce the amount of overhead costs. However, other angles of movement between areas is also possible.

The support structure of the third and fourth devices handling cargo, preferably, separate storage area and loading lots of storage compartments intended for storage of goods, and lots of compartments overload intended for loading/unloading of cargo to/from land transport devices. Thus, it is possible to clearly distinguish compartments for storage and compartments for overload, which can further increase the safety and efficiency of the construction of the terminal in accordance with the invention.

The third and fourth devices of the cargo can for example contain, respectively, gantry cranes and high-speed mechanisms lateral movement. These two types have the advantage that they work well together: gantry cranes move the load in the first direction, and speed mechanisms lateral movement can quickly move cargo from one column to another. These devices are well known in the area and equipment, and do not require additional description. However, any other device handling cargo, known to experts in the art, can also be used in accordance with the invention.

In a preferred embodiment of the storage area and overload contains a separate area, close from all sides on the outside and containing a means of processing the gas/degassing of the cargo. This represents an advantage in the case of containers filled with gas under pressure, as cargo. They can then be processed in a secure private area before loading on ships or land transport device.

In another preferred embodiment, the design of the terminal further comprises passages for land transport devices, which are located mainly in the second direction, on the lower level of support structures for the third and fourth devices of the cargo. This has the advantage consisting in that the loading/unloading of land transport device is on another level, which may further increase the security of the construction of the terminal in accordance with the invention. These passages may, for example, contain the road for trucks, rail to rail cars, and/or waterway for ships destined uchennyh for navigation on inland waterways, and, preferably, can pass between the entrance and exit area of the construction of the terminal.

The design of the terminal in accordance with the invention, preferably used in conjunction with the transit buffer zone in the form of Doc, as described above. This implies that the overload of the construction of the terminal contains a second berth, which can be docked to the second device handling cargo. However, the design of the terminal in accordance with the invention can also be used in conjunction with any other transit buffer zone, such as, for example, paved area, as known from the prior art, although this is less efficient, due to the necessary use of the container.

A structured way of handling makes the construction of the terminal in accordance with the invention is extremely suitable for automated control using a computer control system that controls the operations of each of the third and fourth devices of the cargo.

If the processing load is a container, the third and fourth devices of the cargo may also be directed so that they can handle containers, essentially in the same direction, which can further increase the efficiency to the reconstruction of the terminal in accordance with the invention.

The design of the terminal in accordance with the invention may additionally contain any other properties listed above, with reference to the construction of the terminal, as part of a system of the terminal in accordance with the invention.

Properties and advantages of the present invention will be described in more detail below with reference to permissive drawings, on which:

figure 1 is a perspective view of a variant of the runtime system of the terminal in accordance with the present invention, schematically;

figure 2 - lateral incision options for performing system terminal in accordance with the invention, schematically;

figa is a top view in plan of the system terminal in accordance with the invention, contains a buffer zone, schematically;

FIGU is a top view in plan of the system terminal in accordance with the invention, containing the structure of the terminal, schematically;

figa is a top view in plan of the second device handling cargo, schematically;

figw - side view of the second device handling cargo, schematically;

figa - lateral incision options for performing system terminal in accordance with the invention, schematically;

figw - lateral incision options for performing the construction of the terminal in accordance with the invention, schematically;

6 is a perspective view of another preferred variant implementation of the system, representing the rafts that can be stored on ships-container.

Similar reference position used on several drawings to refer to the relevant properties.

System terminal for cargo discharge and loading of cargo on ships contains the first pier 21, made with the possibility of mooring one or more than 50 ships - container ships, or, more generally, vessels carrying the cargo, and at least one first device 40 cargo is located next to the specified first pier 21 and allows you to restart the load 51 and/or by a specified vessel 50 to the container, respectively, and/or from the transit buffer zone 20 located next to the first pier 21, for temporary cargo storage 51. In accordance with the invention is also proposed, at least one second device 22 cargo intended for transshipment of cargo 51 from and/or in the buffer zone 20, respectively, and/or construction 1 terminal, for storing cargo 51. Transit buffer zone 20 contains dock, which, essentially, is located between the first pier 21 and at least one second berth 11 design terminal 1, and which is configured to receive a second device 22 cargo, and the second device 22 cargo made in the form of p is awoonga device, made with the possibility of acceptance of the goods 51 and move afloat back and/or forth between the first pier 21 and the second berth 11.

The novelty lies in the fact that in the terminal buffer is used dock, which is constructed separately from the waterway 52, which usually float and move around the court a 50 - container ships. Therefore, you do not want the court 50 - container ships were docked. On the other hand, in accordance with the invention, the floating device can move through water path 52 through the corresponding shipping gate 53 that connects the dock with water by 52.

System terminal further comprises the construction of terminal 1, located on the other side of the dock, for example, opposite the first pier 21. Design terminal 1 contains a second pier 11, which can dock floating device. The second berth 11 may be a single elongated pier, located essentially parallel to the first pier 21, and/or may consist of multiple berths 11A, 11B, 11C, ..., as shown in figure 1, 3A and 3B. The design of the terminal, in addition, contains many parallel walls 2A, 2B, 2C, ..., located next to the second berth 11 and/or berths 11A, 11B, 11C, ..., and many parallel elongated ground rails 3A, 3B, 3C, ... for transshipment of cargo, or the relevant piernicola wheels located above the walls 2A, 2B, 2C, ..., which form the supporting structure for the third device 4 transhipment. At least one third device 4 cargo made with the possibility of moving along the high ground rails 3A, 3B, 3C, ... for transshipment of cargo, removes, transports and stacks cargo 51 between the second device 22 cargo, docked to the second berth 11 and/or berths 11A, 11B, 11C, ..., and other locations, except for the second berth, inside terminal 1.

In a preferred embodiment of the terminal operation is controlled via a Central computer system (not shown)that is installed in the control station.

Each dock can contain coffered doors and means for setting into dry dock, a floating device for a long period of time, for example when you want to repair them, or when you want to store the goods on a floating device for a long period.

Shows the individual containers 51, roaming through third devices 4A, 4B, 4C, ... cargo, preferably in an automated system overload, which contains the third device 4A, 4B, 4C, ... cargo and, preferably, also many fourth device 10A overload of cargo that moves through a supporting structure 5A, 5B, 5C,..., essentially perpendicular to the direction in which to move the third device 4A, 4B, 4C, ... cargo. Perpendicular directions are preferred, but also other non-parallel directions. Goods can move on fourth devices 10A overload of cargo through third devices 4A, 4B, 4C, ... cargo or through other additional devices handling cargo, or, in the alternative, the fourth device can also be made with the ability to capture and placement of cargo. Supporting structures 5A, 5B, 5C, ... and 2A, 2B, 2C, ... built in such a way that the movement of third devices 4A, 4B, 4C, ... cargo along the longitudinal rails 3A, 3B, 3C, ... not limited to movement of the fourth device 10A overload of cargo. This is clearly shown on fega: a fourth device 10A overload of cargo can pass through holes 10C in the wall 2, while the third and fourth devices cargo intersect each other at different levels, at a sufficient distance in height, which eliminates the collision.

In an embodiment shown in figv and figa, the fourth device handling cargo are so-called high-speed mechanisms lateral movement. These little trains are moved by suitable the supporting structure 5A, 5B, 5C, ..., made in paths along the aisles on the floor of the terminal. To quickly move from one of the transverse rows between adjacent walls 3 is another transverse row of connection design 10V in paths can be made semi-circular, such as shown on the right side on figv. However, they may also use other fourth device handling cargo.

The roof can be used to at least partially close the design terminal 1. Thus, several storage terminals, roughly covering the area between two consecutive longitudinal and transverse beams, can be made private. This is important because in the case of dangerous goods, such goods may be separated from the rest of the construction of the terminal.

Design terminal 1 has the entrance, indicated in General by the reference position 7, and the exit area, generally indicated by the reference position 8, for the entry and exit of railway carriages 60 (7a and 8A) and/or trucks 61 (7b and 8b), and/or possibly also for the vessels 62, intended for navigation on inland waterways (7C and 8C), as well as to and from the construction of the storage terminal. Many design options can be used for the embodiment of the input and output of roads, paths and waterways. One possible solution of the show is about to figv. The same applies to the first pier 21.

The design of the terminal shown in figa and 3B, is an example of one of several possible forms, including the type and shape of the roof and side walls, the number of docks that are included in it, and use for the construction of the terminal, if necessary, the encapsulated material material needed to be dredged earth mass.

Due to the fact that the system terminal in accordance with the invention there is a separate dock together with the second device 22 overload with standardized dimensions, it eliminates the need for use of control systems with different levels of water. Indeed, the adjustment of a difference of heights between the cargo 51 in the second device 22 overload and raised ground rails 3A, 3B, 3C, ... for overload usually performed by injecting water at the docks or pumping water from them. The rise of the second device 22 cargo relatively high ground rails 3A, 3B, 3C, ... for reloading can be performed conveniently and for all docks and simultaneously serves to minimize the distance overload and, thus, time overload between third devices 4A, 4B, 4C, ... cargo and the second device 22 cargo. The Central computer system preferably provides control, which IMO others water supply to the dock and release the water from it to optimize the movement of goods between third devices 4A, 4B, 4C, ... cargo and the second device 22 overload.

Figure 1 shows a General view of the system of the terminal in accordance with the invention. Cargo 51 to a loaded and/or unloaded from vessels of 50 container ships arriving at the water route 52, and moored to the first pier 21. At least one second device 22 cargo made in the form of a floating device that can float in the dock, is provided next to the first pier 21 and located close enough to the position of the mooring of the vessel 50 to the container. After the cargo 51 becomes available, for example, by deleting elements 54, covering the deck of the vessel 50, the load 51 overload from the vessel 50 to the container at the said flotation device in the dock, and the first device 40 cargo is intended for temporary storage of cargo 51 on a floating device. The first device 40 cargo may, for example, be in the form of a bridge crane can move along the first pier 21. Preferably, the flotation device loaded cargo 51 until, essentially, the maximum allowable load it. Cargo 51 is then moved from the first pier 21 on the second pier 11 or berths 11A, 11B, 11C, ... in construction 1 is erminal by floating device. For unloading cargo 51 in the construction of terminal 1 flotation device, preferably, moor at the second berth 11, where after the load 51 is removed from the floating device via the third device, 4 cargo, it is moved to another location in the construction of terminal 1, but the second pier 11. The third device 4 cargo may be made in the form, for example, gantry crane and/or frame derrick-crane on the rails, and/or may be equipped with wheels, designed to move through the walls 2A, 2B, 2C, ...

It is obvious that the same storage system can be used in the other direction. In this case, the cargo 51 to be loaded on vessels of 50 container ships via cargo 51 from another location in the construction of terminal 1, but the second pier 11 or berths 11A, 11B, 11C, ..., on the second pier 11 (or piers) by the third device, 4 cargo, which is followed by the steps of loading a cargo 51 to a floating device anchored at the second pier 11, the movement of goods 51 from the second pier 11 to the first pier 21 by moving on the water floating device in the dock, mooring floating device next to the first pier 21 and enough close to the location of the vessel 50 is a container ship moored at the first pier 21, and handling cargo 51 is shown floating device on the vessel 50 - container through the first device 40 cargo. For temporary storage elements 54, closing the deck, the dock can be made as a separate flotation device 23.

You may also download flotation device load 51 before the vessel 50, which should receive the cargo 51, truly will come and/or will be moored at the first pier 21. Flotation device thus acts as a buffer for cargo 51 for a long period of time and can be placed in a certain place in the dock, as shown in figv, along the second berth 11TH. Flotation device also can be transported outside of the dock through the shipping gate 53 that connects the dock with water through 52, as shown in figa. Shipping gate 53 can also be used to release and/or inlet of the Doc any other floating device, such as, for example, floating crane for repair or maintenance.

Floating devices may be self-propelled, or they can be operated by remote-controlled modules 24 docking in the form of a separate motorized small boats.

As shown in figure 1, the third device 4 overload in the form of a gantry crane or the like can move over floating means made in the form of a raft, moored at berth 11, on the wall who am berths 11. After the cargo 51 is removed from the above-mentioned raft, gantry crane moves along the walls 2, essentially linearly in another part of the construction of the terminal. The area surrounded by walls 2A, 2B, 2C, and 5A, 5B, 5C, ... generates a lot of storage area 9 (9A, 9B, 9C, ...) for cargo 51.

It is also possible to use the first pier 21 or a separate waterways to move cargo 51 using, for example, trains, trucks, loaders, and so forth, are in close proximity and/or under a bridge crane 40, and/or to transport personnel, cargo, etc. on vessels 50.

The Central computer system can generate and continuously update available for review a loading plan for each vessel 50 and/or floating device and also can provide continuous regulation of the loading plan in accordance with the input data in connection with the temporal characteristics of the goods, which have not yet arrived in the construction of the terminal 1, and accurately track the location of all incoming and outgoing containers 51 in the construction of terminal 1. The Central computer system can also be programmed and controlled by the movement of the third device 4 cargo and speed mechanisms lateral movement, and to maintain an optimal level of water in the buffer dock by managing Sudoku the major gateway 53.

Figure 3 schematically shows a top view in plan design 1 terminal representing a buffer zone 20 in the form of docks, piers 11, the third device 4 overload in the form of a gantry cranes, the longitudinal walls 3, the fourth device 10A overload of cargo in the form of high-speed mechanisms lateral movement and their path 5. These paths 5 can also be provided on the raised walkways that are located above the bottom floor, i.e. on top of the transverse walls, and in this case, the longitudinal and transverse walls together surrounded by many areas 9 of storage. Region 9 may be open or may be closed by a roof, which may be provided with a hinge that allows the hinge to rotate. A separate area 9, preferably, can be closed on all sides from the outside, it may be possible degassing of the cargo 51, or the load can be injected gas.

Corresponding to the second device 22 handling cargo in the form of a floating device shown in figa and 4B. It is, in General, consists of a floating surface 200, the dimensions of which allow you to take many goods 51. It may have side walls 201, if required, removable, precluding sliding of cargo 51. Separate areas may be provided on a floating device 22 in the form of a raft, for example, for storage swivel locks, or so on is one. The raft may typically contain approximately 120-160 freight containers 51, which can be a standard 20 and/or 40-foot containers, which are well known in the art. Typical dimensions of the floating device ranges from approximately 30 m in width to more than 150 m in length, although the amount can be essentially smaller or larger. A typical raft can hold up to 120-160 standard containers. Depending on the capacity of different devices handling cargo containers 51 can be represented in the specified packages (so-called platform) and can be loaded and/or unloaded on the platform. Flotation device can also be made with the possibility of acceptance of the cargo 51 in another form, for example, liquids, gases, or other cargo, not be transported in containers. The floating device can be, for example, provided for tank containers or the like.

On figa and 5B schematically shows a lateral incision site storage area containers. On figa and 5B shows that the waterway 69 for vessels 62, intended for navigation on inland waterways, road and 67 for trucks and/or rail road 68 for railway cars provided at a lower level than the level at which move forward and backward third device 4 overload is in the form of gantry cranes. The raised level gantry crane over roads 67, 68 to access trains and trucks and waterway 69 allow you to move cargo containers 51 on railway carriages 61 and/or trucks 60 and/or the court 62 intended for navigation on inland waterways, by lowering them to the level of the driveway for access. Similarly, the cargo container 51 can be removed gantry crane with 4 railway carriage 61 and/or trucks 60, and/or vessel 62 through his rise to the level of the gantry crane. Thus, various transport devices do not interfere with each other when their respective movements.

Obviously, in the design of the terminal 1 may be provided a dedicated area and offices 70, such as the area of customs, as well as area 71 for placing cargo on quarantine and/or area 72 for maintenance of gantry cranes and other equipment.

Figure 6 presents another preferred embodiment of a system and method in accordance with the invention. In this embodiment, is not used, the first device 40 cargo. In accordance with this option run provides a passage from the dock on the waterway 52 water, for example, shipping gateway 53. This gateway 53 allows the second device 22 cargo directly will get the access to the vessel 50 - the container ship. When the load 51 must be loaded onto the vessel 50 to the container, the second device 22 cargo loaded cargo 51, maneuvering near the vessel 50 is a container ship moored at the first pier 21 or placed in some other position on the water route 52. Cargo 51 is then directly overload the vessel 50 to the container. The vessel 50 to the container, thus, is configured to access the second device 22 cargo section of the deck 50 of the container, as shown in Fig.6. To this end, at least part of the length near the selected section of the deck section 55 of the side wall of the vessel 50 of the container has a reduced height, or the height may be reduced to a level below the water level, allowing the water supply to that section of the deck. The second device 22 cargo can then, in accordance with the invention, to swim in the specified area of the deck 50 of the container. When all of the devices 22 overload will be placed in such a way on Board, the movable section 55 of the side wall returns to its original height, and after pumping the water contained in the indicated area of the deck, the second device 22 cargo remain on the deck. It is also possible to use the vessel 50 with a permanently installed low ur the outside section 55 of the side wall, which can be submerged below the water level and can be raised above the water surface, by immersing and lifting the entire vessel 50 or plots. It is obvious that the same system can be used for unloading ships 50 - container, equipped with a loaded second device 22 cargo. In the above-described embodiment, the area of the deck is used for installing multiple second devices handling cargo. However, you can also use other parts of the ship, vessel, such as parts of the hold of the vessel-container.

1. System terminal for unloading cargo (51) and load cargo (51) of the court (50) - the container containing the first pier (21), made with the possibility of mooring at least one vessel (50) of the container, at least one first device (40) cargo, located next to the first pier (21), and is made with overload cargo (51) and/or on the vessel (50) - container, respectively, and/or from the transit buffer zone (20), located next to the first pier (21), for temporary storage of cargo, and at least one second device (22) cargo intended for transshipment of cargo (51) and/or in the buffer zone (20), respectively, and/or designs (1) terminal, for storing cargo (51), in which transit b the atmospheric zone (20) contains Doc, moreover, the specified dock, essentially, runs between the first pier (21) and at least one second berth (11) design (1) terminal, and the specified dock is made separate from the waterway (52)on which these vessels are moored (50) - container ships and the dock is configured to receive a second device (22) of cargo, and a second device handling cargo made in the form of floating device (22) with the possibility of acceptance of the cargo and move afloat between the first and second berths.

2. The system according to claim 1, in which the first device (40) cargo made in the form of a crane located on the first pier (21).

3. The system according to claim 1 or 2, in which the second device (22) cargo made in the form of a raft, maneuvering through at least one motorized small craft.

4. The system according to claim 1, in which the first and second device handling cargo made in the form of one and the same second device handling cargo.

5. The system according to claim 1, in which the frame (1) terminal contains many parallel walls (2A-2I)adjacent with the second berth (11), multiple parallel high ground rails (3A-3I) for handling cargo on top of at least one of the walls, and at least one third device (4A-4I) g-force g is for, made with the possibility of moving along the high ground rails (3A-3I) for handling cargo and lifting, moving and placing of cargo (51) between the second device (22) cargo, docked at the second stop (11), and other locations, except for the second berth.

6. The system according to claim 1, which contains a computer control system designed to control the operation of each of the third device (4A-4I) cargo.

7. The system according to claim 1, in which the frame (1) terminal further comprises a storage area and overload containing railroad tracks (68), providing the opportunity to a third device (4A-4I) cargo transfer of the load (51) between one second device (22) cargo and railway carriage (61) on these railroad tracks (68), and/or a storage area within a specified area of storage and handling under computer control.

8. The system according to claim 7, which includes rail access (7A) to the structure (1) terminal for connection to the railroad tracks (68) in the area of storage and handling.

9. The system according to claim 1, in which the frame (1) terminal includes a storage area and overload containing the road (67), providing the opportunity to a third device (4A-4I) cargo transfer of the load (51) between one second device (22) over-current protecti the conditions of the cargo and the truck (60) on the road (67), and/or a storage area within the storage area and overload under computer control.

10. The system according to claim 9, which contains access (7B) for trucks to the construction of the terminal for the connection with the road (67) in the area of storage and handling.

11. The system according to claim 1, which contains a remote-controlled modules (24) docking intended to move the second device (22) handling cargo in transit buffer zone (20).

12. Method of unloading cargo from containerships through a system according to claim 1, in which the moor at least one vessel (50) is a container ship at the first pier (21)install flotation device next to the first pier (21) close enough to the position of the mooring of the vessel (50) is a container ship, overload cargo (51) from the vessel (50) is a container ship on the aforementioned flotation device in the dock, by the first device (40) of cargo for the temporary storage of cargo (51), move cargo (51) from the first pier (21) to the second stop (11) design (1) terminal through a floating device, moor mentioned flotation device at the second stop (11), unload the cargo (51) by means of a third device (4A-4I) cargo and transhipped cargo (51) in another location of the structure (1) terminal, but the second berth (11).

13. The method of loading cargo nasuda-container ships through a system according to claim 1, which overload the cargo (51) from another location in the structure (1) terminal, in addition to the second stop (11)on the second pier (11) by means of a third device (4A-4I) cargo load cargo (51) to a floating device anchored at the second stop (11), move cargo (51) from the second pier (11) to the first pier (21) through a floating device in the dock, moor flotation device next to the first pier (21) close enough with the position of the moored vessel (50) - container and transhipped cargo (51) with a floating device in the dock to the vessel (50) is a container ship.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: discharging method of various cargoes from the ship to non-self propelled waterborne vehicle and transportation thereof to the shore consists in the fact that non-self propelled waterborne vehicle is towed from the ship and attached to the buoy which through the connecting rope is attached to the leading rope wound up through snatch block attached to fixed mooring anchor. Leading rope has the possibility of being moved in both directions by means of a winch installed on the shore.

EFFECT: providing quicker delivery of the cargo supplied with waterborne vehicle to the addressee, as well as providing the possibility of discharging the load to unequipped shore.

1 dwg

FIELD: ship building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device intended for loading and unloading loose materials comprises steel bridge (1) representing multi-span beam resting upon pile foundation (2), and mooring pier supporting appliances intended for one or several ship unloaders and/or unloaders (5) and for pier belt conveyor (33) passing over the entire length of aforesaid bridge. Aforesaid unloaders (5) and/or unloaders are arranged to move on along bridge (1) and comprise at least one travelling boom with belt conveyor. Said boom can move on unloader (5), across steel bridge rack and ship lengthwise axis, or to turn about the unloader around its horizontal and/or vertical axis.

EFFECT: reduced and simplified design.

16 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex comprises sea terminal and device intended for loading tans cars on the ferry that includes railway. Aforesaid device is mounted on the said sea terminal to move relative to the latter. Note here that proposed complex comprises support structures mounted nearby moorage wall on the sea bottom and arranged to allow mounting strong linkages of the aforesaid ferry hull. Note also that crosswise sections or railways arranged on ferry cargo deck comply with those of railways mounted on aforesaid loading device arranged on the berth.

EFFECT: simplified loading/unloading, higher reliability and efficiency.

6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction engineering. Method of roll-out loading and unloading heavy cargoes from floating crafts onto/from the beach comprises floating craft mooring and seating on sand bottom bed. Prior to every floating craft seating, the sand bed is plough-loosed or the like to form underwater lateral furrows and ridges to reduce the floating craft uplifting force. Ridge pitch is set equal to floating craft hull balance frame pitch. It is possible to divide the said sand bed into identical squares. A present amount of sand is dumped vertically onto every square. Note also that it is possible to lay, under water, the flexible tubular drains for the crafts to seat thereon.

EFFECT: lower costs of sand bed preparation, reduction in floating craft uplifting force in deballasting and reduced floating up time.

4 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: shipping industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to sea transport - and namely to building and operation of transshipment complexes. Seawater complex used for transshipping containers in coastal areas consists of two parts - nearshore shallow-water part and island deep-water part. In nearshore shallow-water part of the complex, which is located so that it is directly connected with the shore, there arranged is the complex that receives containers from land transport types: railroad and automobile ones, and there performed is storage and stockpiling of containers and formation of freight shipments. In island deep-water part of the complex there accommodated are heavy-tonnage vessels. At that containers are delivered from coastal part to the island part and vice versa by means of self-propelled shallow-draft barges.

EFFECT: simplifying the building of transshipment complex owing to the possibility of excluding the building of approach channel.

2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of unloading polystyrene from the ship bulk holds prior to repair or utilisation works. The said method includes cutting out openings in the ship upper and lower bulk heads, placing a pan in the lower cut-out opening to pour loose polystyrene in, crushing the sintered polystyrene and removing it through the lower provisional opening. The sintered polystyrene is crushed by mechanical means. For this, a rotary long lance is moved through the upper provisional opening inside the bulk head and a nozzle of vacuum unit hose is fitted in the lower provisional opening. Polystyrene is sacked into one of the vacuum unit sacks to be changed over on filling, the filled up sack being replaced with a new one. Note that humidified air is forced through the upper provisional opening to prevent polystyrene granule electrisation and to blow the granules off the bulk head surfaces. Polystyrene stuck to the ship inner surfaces and that poured into the aforesaid pan is gathered by the said vacuum unit.

EFFECT: dry high-efficiency continuous unloading of polystyrene from the submarine ballast tanks ruling out its scattering on over the slip.

1 dwg

FIELD: loading-unloading means.

SUBSTANCE: device to load loose cargoes into the ship holds incorporates a trestle with columns (7), loading chute (8) to receive loose cargo from the pneumowheel transport dump vehicle arranged to move all along the loading site width and hinged to rectangular flat frame (13) coupled with the said chute by power cylinders. The loading chute motion mechanism is formed by an infinite flexible element enclosing, by means of a drive and tension units, the trestle columns with a clearance and clamped on the said rectangular flat frame by grips (25). The aforesaid rectangular flat frame is furnished, in its top, with vertical rollers (18) and, at its bottom, horizontal rollers (20) interacting with guides (19) and (21) fixed at the trestle columns, respectively. The said frame incorporates a light device to locate the loading chute position within the limits of the loading site. The position of the flexible elements grips is selected from the expression W1l1=W2l2, where W1 W2 is the resistance to motion on the guides of the upper and lower rollers, respectively, caused by weight loads from the frame and the chute, l1, l2 are distances from the grips to the upper and lower rollers, respectively.

EFFECT: simpler design and control.

4 dwg

FIELD: transportation of disabled nuclear submarines on watercraft.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes reception-embarkation of submarine on watercraft which consists of two floating transport groups; each transport group consists of two pontoons which are made from hulls of three-compartment modules of submarines which were recovered previously; these hulls are interconnected by means of cargo davits; then, disabled submarine is transferred to recovery point where it is debarked. For embarkation of disabled submarine on watercraft, both transport groups are slightly submerged by means of ballast system and cargo davits with keel blocks of transport groups are brought under the submarine, after which transport groups are slightly raised with the aid of ballast system to bring the cargo davits in contact with submarine hull, thus placing her on keel blocks of both transport groups of watercraft. Then, submarine is secured to hulls of three-compartment modules. For debarkation, the procedure is reversed.

EFFECT: enhanced safety of transportation and low cost of process.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: floating fuelling stations for fuelling small-sized ships, boats and yachts.

SUBSTANCE: proposed small-sized fuelling station includes pontoon with unsinkability compartments, one double-walled reservoir which is provided with level control system and is located in hold, at least one fuel dispensing pipe and leakage fuel receiving bath. Reservoir is provided with deaeration unit including breathing valve and flame protector and shut-off fittings, as well as vapor-and-gas mixture return line; besides that, it is equipped with desludging unit which is provided with pipe line, pipe union with plug, sump water intake device and is connected with fuel transfer and recording unit provided with electromagnetic cutoff valve, counter, separator, pump, shut-off fittings, rubber-lined hoses, shore module and air compressor station. Pontoon is provided with at least one reservoir for receiving leakage fuel; shore module and tank truck are placed on leakage fuel receiving pan; pontoon is provided with at least two earthing pawls.

EFFECT: reduced expenses for servicing; low contamination of environment.

1 dwg

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to unloading of coal from open top cars with delivery of coal to stores. Proposed machine contains supports frame with elevator bucket boom secured on vertical extensible column of truck 5, upper drive sprocket 11 and lower sprocket 14 over which two-chain traction member with buckets 17 pass, two raking worms 19, 20 on shaft of lower sprocket and output conveyor. Boom consists of two rods hinge suspended from frame of upper drive sprocket by upper ends made in form of angle levers whose ends are connected with rods of power cylinders hinge-mounted on cheeks of frame of upper drive sprocket. Deflecting sprocket is installed in zone of climbing of two-chain traction member onto upper drive sprocket, and second deflecting sprocket is installed on running off branch under upper drive sprocket. With two-chain traction member in vertical position, rods intersect with said member.

EFFECT: improved efficiency and reliability of machine.

2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transshipment equipment for combined transportation. Proposed method deals with transshipping cargoes in containers (L) on platform using non-stationary replaceable pan (5) carried by railroad cars and container transfer device arranged stationary directly nearby track. Note that there are at least three parallel tracks and paths, first (11) for trucks, second (12) for temporary location of aforesaid replaceable pan and transshipping path (13) to crosswise transfer of containers. Proposed method consists in moving truck along approach way to leave container on aforesaid pan. The latter is transferred into cargo car to be fixed therein. In unloading the cargo train, jobs are effected in reverse sequence. Transport system comprises cars with rotary bogies jointed to the frame, pan and pan transfer device. Replaceable pan is furnished with extending lengthwise beams and horns.

EFFECT: expanded performances.

20 cl, 57 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: invention deals with storing and re-loading packaged cargos. Gravity store for cylindrical container includes feeder for items and tray installed under the feeder. The said tray is provided with uniform tier-structured shelves (2) being hinge-connected between each other. The said shelves can be turned vertically and provided with windows to transfer items from one shelf to another. Tilted guiding shelves are rigidly fixed at a constant angle α, which ensures stable oscillation of items when they are transported with the account of friction forces. The said tilted guiding shelves are implemented as two hinge-connected tilted corners (3) comprised of initial fixed parts (4) and finite movable parts (5) located in front of the loading windows. The above-mentioned movable parts are constricted. The initial parts of corners are provided with grouping flexible rods filled with adjustable liquid. The said rods let the item passing one by one only when the rod is pressed horizontally by no less than two items. Spring-loaded dampers are installed in the transition point of shelves.

EFFECT: solidity of structure and reduced dynamic loads.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex comprises lifting-and-conveying equipment arranged on the first deck of the section of packing cement compound into barrels, that of the section of settling down the said packages arranged on the second deck, the lifting-and-conveying equipment of the package certification section and package stepwise transfer mechanism. The said first section includes the sections of idler roller conveyor (5-7), package lifting-and-lowering mechanism (9) and assembly (10) to drain cement compound into barrels. The lifting-and-conveying equipment of the second section comprises two-row plate conveyors (43) arranged on both sides of roller conveyor (8) and handling appliances. Package stepwise transfer mechanism (21) comprises the posts with guide rollers arranged nearby the roller conveyor and pushrods for arrangement between adjacent packages.

EFFECT: accurate package positioning, higher safety and reliability.

19 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of sorting consists with detachable containers (12) involves breaking-up and sorting consists by way of crosswise movement of wagons (6) from one track to another track of corresponding direction, on which the wagons can move by themselves to the required distance, simultaneously forming new sets on directions. The containers are then detached from the consist, put onto a storage, then removed from the storage and then moved to consists sorted according to direction.

EFFECT: cutting on time spent on delivering containers and accompanying expenses, increased cost competitiveness of railway transport.

1 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of sorting rail carriages (4) with detachable containers involves splitting up the carriages, putting the wagons on goods lines (2) in accordance with the splitting plan, detaching containers from the carriages on the track of the container platform, unloading them into storage containers (3), and detachment of storage containers and loading them into sorted carriages. After loading and unloading, the wagons are grouped together according to destination. Storage containers are put into the space between goods lines. The space between the goods lines is made from rail heads on one level. Detachment and putting the storage containers onto road or water transport is arranged.

EFFECT: provision for processing a large number of container trains on lines with considerable volume of the container trains, carry out practically complete containerisation of goods traffic.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to loose cargo reloading devices. The device reloading the cargoes from dump truck (5) into open wagons (3) comprises an access path and reloading appliance representing a trough-like section platform (4) of the dump-truck, the said platform thrusting against the con-rods of vertical power cylinders (12, 13) fitted on platform carriage (14), the platform bent out shoulders being hinged to the said con-rods. The platform is furnished with a pivoted and spring-loaded shield allowing the dump truck access and, on the side of railway, a dump truck retainer. The carriage is mounted to run on the rails and be fixed thereon. Carriage wheels (20) are fitted on vertical brackets (21). The track is arranged parallel to the railway line.

EFFECT: cost savings in reloading loose cargoes from dump truck into open wagon.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: loading-unloading means.

SUBSTANCE: device to load loose cargoes into the ship holds incorporates a trestle with columns (7), loading chute (8) to receive loose cargo from the pneumowheel transport dump vehicle arranged to move all along the loading site width and hinged to rectangular flat frame (13) coupled with the said chute by power cylinders. The loading chute motion mechanism is formed by an infinite flexible element enclosing, by means of a drive and tension units, the trestle columns with a clearance and clamped on the said rectangular flat frame by grips (25). The aforesaid rectangular flat frame is furnished, in its top, with vertical rollers (18) and, at its bottom, horizontal rollers (20) interacting with guides (19) and (21) fixed at the trestle columns, respectively. The said frame incorporates a light device to locate the loading chute position within the limits of the loading site. The position of the flexible elements grips is selected from the expression W1l1=W2l2, where W1 W2 is the resistance to motion on the guides of the upper and lower rollers, respectively, caused by weight loads from the frame and the chute, l1, l2 are distances from the grips to the upper and lower rollers, respectively.

EFFECT: simpler design and control.

4 dwg

FIELD: tranship devices.

SUBSTANCE: installation to load loose cargo from the dump trucks into open wagons incorporates a loading device made as platform (4) for dump trucks arranged to go up and down. The platform lengthwise axis is perpendicular to the railway track, and, on the side opposite to the said track the platform is furnished with hinged and spring-loaded cantilever shield (7) for trucks to run in and down. Two pairs of rubber-coated wheels (9, 10) are arranged on the platform to rotate the truck rear wheels, linked with the nuts of threaded posts (19) connected to the platform brackets. The platform interacts, via sliders, with the vertical guides and is linked by flexible elements to the frame, the flexible elements enveloping deflecting elements mounted at the frame top. The flexible element free ends are connected to counterweights enveloping the vertical guides. A locking device representing a coupling bolt is arranged in the frame and platform ears allows the dump truck moving down.

EFFECT: loading loose cargo over from dump trucks into the open wagon with reduced fuel consumption ensured by maximum balancing of the lifting system.

6 dwg

FIELD: tranship devices.

SUBSTANCE: installation to load loose cargo from the dump trucks into open wagons incorporates a loading device made as platform (4) for dump trucks arranged to go up and down. The platform lengthwise axis is perpendicular to the railway track, and, on the side opposite to the said track the platform is furnished with hinged and spring-loaded cantilever shield (7) for trucks to run in and down. Two pairs of rubber-coated wheels (9, 10) are arranged on the platform to rotate the truck rear wheels, linked with the nuts of threaded posts (18) connected to the platform brackets. The platform interacts, via sliders, with the vertical guides and is linked by flexible elements to the frame, the flexible elements enveloping deflecting elements mounted at the frame top. The flexible element free ends are jointed to counterweights.

EFFECT: loading loose cargo over from dump trucks into the open wagon with reduced fuel consumption ensured by maximum balancing of the lifting system.

4 dwg

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation of transportation works, particularly, to automatic accumulating storages playing part of buffer between different sections of car assembling lines. Proposed car bodies accumulating storage is essentially two sections, 1 and 2, arranged diagonally in plan which consist of separate roller units 3 with self-contained rotation drive 4 arranged in longitudinal and cross rows, sections being provided with common longitudinal and cross rows of said units. Pallets 5 are used as transportation means to carry car bodies. In cross direction longitudinal rows of roller units are intercoupled by system of chain conveyors. Distributing conveyor 6, discharge conveyor 7 and charge-discharge conveyor 8 arranged on common cross rows of roller units are designed to move pallets with bodies. Intake-putout conveyors 10 and 11 arranged at both sides from them at opposite sides of sections are designed for moving empty pallets. Storage positions 12 are found on inner longitudinal rows between opposite conveyors, and roller units located in extreme longitudinal rows of both sections, together with above-indicated conveyors 10 and 11 and intake conveyor 16 connecting discharge positions 14 and 15, and main-line conveyor 9 connecting extreme longitudinal rows of both sections form return line of empty pallets from discharge position to charge position 13. Pallets with bodies and empty pallets are installed to fill storage positions 12 from opposite sides of sections along any row intended for this purpose and roll them out in similar manner in reverse direction at discharging.

EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities owing to provision of possibility of simultaneous accumulation and storage of empty pallets and pallets with bodies, reduced production areas, provision of operation flexibility of accumulating storage owing to division of pallet flows.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: location finding.

SUBSTANCE: according to the method module and angle of increment vectors of motion are determined which vectors relate to motion of transportation vehicle. Then correspondent position of transportation vehicle is determined automatically at specified points within specific area when the transportation vehicle passes those points. Current position of transportation vehicle within area is found by means of vector addition of increment vectors of motion with vector of position of current position. Automatical finding of the position of transportation vehicle is performed by means of pick-up unit mounted on transportation vehicle which unit interacts with corresponding control mark without having contact with it. Control mark has reflecting and non-reflecting surfaces which are subject to scanning simultaneously by means of two signals sent from transportation vehicle. Coordinates of control position of transportation vehicle and angle of movement are determined due to estimation of reflected signals depending on time.

EFFECT: improved precision; improved reliability.

13 cl, 5 dwg

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