Discharging method of various floating loads from ship to non-self propelled waterborne vehicle and transportation of cargo "poplavok" thereof to shore

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: discharging method of various cargoes from the ship to non-self propelled waterborne vehicle and transportation thereof to the shore consists in the fact that non-self propelled waterborne vehicle is towed from the ship and attached to the buoy which through the connecting rope is attached to the leading rope wound up through snatch block attached to fixed mooring anchor. Leading rope has the possibility of being moved in both directions by means of a winch installed on the shore.

EFFECT: providing quicker delivery of the cargo supplied with waterborne vehicle to the addressee, as well as providing the possibility of discharging the load to unequipped shore.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method of unloading from vessels on non-self-propelled vessels and transportation to shore with a tug, and then use the winch different loads in terms of the RAID unloading on unequipped coast.

Until now, offshore processing vessels use the following technological scheme of cargo delivery to the final recipient:

Ship - Berth - Warehouse - Receiver

When applying the proposed method becomes possible to exclude from the process chain elements Wharf and warehouse. This method is convenient and advantageous if the recipient object for which it was intended cargo is on the coast, but far from equipped port. In this case, the vessel may anchor in a safe and convenient point and unload cargo on plaskota or barge-platform. Then these vessels luxirous special buoy and attached to it. And then the buoy and boat pulled to shore and cargo boats overloaded trucks.

It is obvious that eliminates extra handling of the cargo. If necessary you can also reverse the process, that is shipping with unequipped shore on Board the vessel.

Methods and technology for loading and unloading of various cargoes described in reference and training literature for loading and unloading works. In addition, the problems that arose organization of water transport and handling and possible ways of their development and solutions described in the book Ackbleh "Man, technique, the sea". Publishing house "Shipbuilding", 1980. And in the book of Rolf Senkrecht "Ships and shipping of the future. Publishing house "Shipbuilding", 1981.

The objective of the invention:

1. To ensure the most efficient delivery of cargo arriving by water transport, recipient, and thereby avoid unnecessary overhead and transportation costs of the consignee.

2. To allow unloading of cargo on unequipped coast where necessary.

3. To ensure the lowest possible impact of vehicles on the environment at the place of production handling.

The technical result of the invention:

1. The barge deck cargo tow the buoy attached to the rope, wound through canitas-block, which is connected with a dead anchor on the bottom, and attach the ring on the buoy.

2. Then the buoy barge-platform for the cable winch pulled towards the shore.

3. Cargo barges overload on the road.

The invention of the "Float" is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a method of transporting boats with cargo to shore.

The barge-platform or pontoon with cargo unloaded from a vessel to tow the buoy 1 and the fixed eye of this buoy. Then the lead rope 3 boats with cargo and the buoy 1, attached to the cable 3 connecting cable 2, using the winch pull up to the shore and RA is Gruaud on the road. After unloading, changing the way leading end of the cable 3, the boats return to the starting position for towing the boat. The lead wire 3 is passed through canifis block 4 and is able to move in both directions. Canitas-block secured to the anchor 5 is on the bottom.

To work with a leading rope 3 can be used onboard winch GAZ-66 or any other winch suitable for this purpose.

In the described device should be used canifis block of polymeric materials (those produced by domestic industry). If you will use metal canitas-block, the driving hole of the pulley such canitas-block must have kaprolon sleeve.

The discharge from the vessel is self-propelled vehicle and transportation to shore various loads applied on water transport, characterized in that the non-self-propelled vehicle is towed from the vessel and attached to the buoy, through which the connection cable is attached to the lead rope, wound through canitas-unit, attached to a dead anchor, and the lead wire can move in both directions using the winch on the shore.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: ship building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device intended for loading and unloading loose materials comprises steel bridge (1) representing multi-span beam resting upon pile foundation (2), and mooring pier supporting appliances intended for one or several ship unloaders and/or unloaders (5) and for pier belt conveyor (33) passing over the entire length of aforesaid bridge. Aforesaid unloaders (5) and/or unloaders are arranged to move on along bridge (1) and comprise at least one travelling boom with belt conveyor. Said boom can move on unloader (5), across steel bridge rack and ship lengthwise axis, or to turn about the unloader around its horizontal and/or vertical axis.

EFFECT: reduced and simplified design.

16 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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4 cl, 7 dwg

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2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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1 dwg

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4 dwg

FIELD: transportation of disabled nuclear submarines on watercraft.

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3 cl, 2 dwg

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1 dwg

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2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: cargo handling facilities; devices for loading loose cargo from pneumatic-tire transport facilities directly into ship's hold.

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3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: shipbuilding.

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7 cl, 12 dwg

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3 dwg

The invention relates to shipbuilding

The invention relates to lifting devices and can be used for the transmission of long goods from one vessel to another under the influence of wind and rough seas

The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to the ship's cargo devices

The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to a device for the transfer of cargo on vessels at sea in terms of pitching

The invention relates to shipbuilding and may find application in systems for transfer of cargo from ship to non-equipped shore

FIELD: shipboard crane hydraulic systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic system includes air-loaded hydraulic accumulator hydraulically connected with hydraulic cylinders of main section of boom and its gooseneck forming drive for changing boom outreach, hydraulic motor of crane turn drive, hydraulic motor of cargo winch drive which is connected with cargo drum and hydraulic motor of this drive which is connected with tensioning drum included in cargo winch equipment and crane trolley stopper drive; crane trolley moves in mode of abeam transfer of cargoes from one ship to another and gets locked on boom end by said stopper. System is provided with flow divider which consists of two hydraulic motors; hydraulic motors of cargo winch are connected through this flow divider to said air-loaded hydraulic accumulator; system is also provided with supercharged tank connected with constant-delivery pump and with cargo winch hydraulic motors.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability.

3 dwg

FIELD: shipbuilding.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of tanker filling from underwater pipeline in ice conditions. Complex comprises icebreaker, tanker moored with its stern part to icebreaker stern, underwater pipeline with manifold, flexible hose connected to manifold, hoisting mechanism intended for transfer of flexible hose to tanker, service shaft of flexible hose arranged in hull of icebreaker stern part, cylindrical tube installed in service shaft of flexible hose with the possibility of its displacement in it, diving shaft arranged in icebreaker hull and diving stage installed with the possibility of its displacement in diving shaft. Complex is equipped with additional diving shaft arranged with transverse dimensions that are smaller than diametre of cylindrical tube, and with the possibility of its displacement inside cylindrical tube.

EFFECT: invention provides for improved safety and reliability of complex due to possibility for the second diver to go down as well.

7 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: discharging method of various cargoes from the ship to non-self propelled waterborne vehicle and transportation thereof to the shore consists in the fact that non-self propelled waterborne vehicle is towed from the ship and attached to the buoy which through the connecting rope is attached to the leading rope wound up through snatch block attached to fixed mooring anchor. Leading rope has the possibility of being moved in both directions by means of a winch installed on the shore.

EFFECT: providing quicker delivery of the cargo supplied with waterborne vehicle to the addressee, as well as providing the possibility of discharging the load to unequipped shore.

1 dwg

Floating re-loader // 2394749

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly to shipboard cranes. Proposed re-loader comprises hulls of two discarded submarine, at least two hulls jointed in T-like way or arranged parallel to each other and connected by additional elements, and at least one load-lifting device. At least one aforesaid hull is provided with fendering protection and mooring arrangements on hull both sides. Additional construction elements are arranged under water and/or on water surface and represent collapsible articulated members that can turn to contact aforesaid hulls. Load-lifting device can be represented by jib crane, gantry crane or bridge crane with jibs. Floating re-loader is equipped with power plant, propulsion units, ballast system and stake-pillars.

EFFECT: higher efficiency or reloading cargoes due to reduced distance between ship with no load-lifting units.

7 cl, 4 dwg

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