Method for development of gravel mineral deposits

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to mining industry, in particular to development of drowned gravel mineral deposits, also to development of alluvial deposit of noble metals and precious minerals. Method includes erection of shaft in bottom zone of productive deposits, driving of horizontal underground mines and sumps below bedrock of bottom productive deposits, in zone of stable rocks. Mines are used to arrange slanted-upward production wells, pumping of ore-bearing pulp from sumps to surface is carried out by pump-draining pumps along pulp lines. In the middle and along channel of productive deposits, on surface there are down holes erected with filter columns with full-hole openings and their exit to horizontal underground mines. On two sides of bottom zone along bottom line of productive deposits, over bedrock, slanted-horizontal wells are arranged, from which productive deposits are activated by hydraulic monitors, being transferred into pulp, which is supplied into sumps via full holes of filter columns of down holes and via slanted-upward wells. Arrangement of slanted-horizontal wells is carried out with their direction to filter columns of down wells.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to develop productive deposit to the maximum.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the mining industry, in particular to the development of irrigated alluvial deposits of minerals, including the development of alluvial deposits of precious metals and valuable minerals.

There is a method of hydraulic borehole mining of minerals from placer deposits (A.S. No. 989072, publ. 15.01.83, including the opening of the productive formation production wells drilled up to his feet, the translation of minerals in quicksand condition by injection of liquid reagent, the issuance of the resulting slurry to the surface and fill mining waste chambers of overlapping rocks, which additionally are drilling injection and these pumping wells.

The disadvantage of this method is the incomplete development of placer deposits of minerals, i.e. not all of the placer Deposit is transferred to the slurry that not all is given to the surface.

Closest to the claimed method is a method of disclosure of mineral deposits, mining their geotechnological methods, including the construction of the shaft in the coastal zone of the productive deposits, sinking horizontal underground workings below the bottom of the float productive deposits in the area of sustainable rocks, the construction of the inclined rising EXT is cnyh wells, jumptv, installation pulpotomy pumps and slurry pipelines in the workings and in the trunk, pump the ore pulp to the surface (Whirrling. Drilling special purpose. Tomsk, Ed. TPU, 2006, str-149, 4.3. table 4.2).

The disadvantage of this method is the incomplete development of the productive deposits of alluvial deposits, i.e. the part of the breed remains in place (can be up to 50% unprocessed rock).

The task of the invention is to provide a method for development of placer mineral deposits, allowing fully develop productive deposition and thereby increase the extraction of minerals.

The problem is solved using the proposed method of mining of alluvial deposits of minerals, including the construction of the shaft in the coastal zone of the productive deposits, sinking horizontal underground workings and jumptv below the bottom of the float productive deposits in the area of sustainable rocks, and the workings of the construction of the inclined rising production wells, pumping ore pulp from jumptv on the surface of produce pulpotomy pumps for slurry pipelines, and in the middle and along the bed of productive deposits from the surface of the construct down well with filter columns with siroker the output apertures and output them in a horizontal underground mine, with the two sides of the coastal zone on the bottom line of the productive deposits, above the raft, build deviated horizontal wells, of which hydro stimulate productive fat, turning them into pulp, which through wide aisled holes filter columns down-hole and through the inclined rising well enters zumpfe and construction of tilt-horizontal wells produce with their direction to filter columns down-hole.

Distinctive features are:

- the construction of the down-hole with filter columns with wide aisled holes in the middle of the channel, which makes it possible to overlap the thickness of the productive deposits and pull the maximum amount of slurry through the wellbore in a horizontal underground excavations;

- the construction of the inclined-horizontal wells along the bottom line of the productive deposits above the float, which makes it possible to intensify the productive deposits and translate them into a pulp, i.e. the maximum to develop the field and thereby increase the extraction of minerals.

The method is illustrated in the drawings, on which:

figure 1 - scheme of opening placers of underground tunnels.

figure 2 - scheme of arrangement of boreholes and excavations, a top view of the channel placers.

Method develo the TCI placer minerals include construction in the coastal zone 1 productive deposits 2 shaft 3, sinking below the float 4 in the area of sustainable rocks 5 horizontal underground openings 6, connected with the shaft barrel 3, and jumptv 7. Horizontal underground openings 6 constructing an inclined rising production well 8 in the area of productive deposits 2. Through the inclined rising production well 8 produce descent ore pulp of productive deposits 2 zumpfe 7. Then the pumping of the pulp produced pulpotomy pump 9 through the pipeline 10 to the surface 11. In the middle and along the bed of productive deposits 2 from the surface 11 being constructed downstream of the borehole 12 with filter columns with wide aisled holes (Fig. not shown) and output them in a horizontal underground mine 6. Of the coastal zone 1 with two sides build deviated horizontal wells 13 along the bottom line of the productive deposits 2, above the float 4 with the direction to filter columns down-hole 12. From the tilt-horizontal wells 13 by jetting (not shown)installed in these wells, stimulate productive deposits 2, turning them into pulp, which through wide aisled holes filter columns down-hole 12 and through the inclined rising well 8 enters zumpfe 7, and from them using pulpotomy pumps 9 and the pipeline 10 is given to the surface 11.

PR is lagueny way to develop placer mineral deposits allows to maximize productive work deposition, including deposits with precious metals and valuable minerals, such as alluvial gold deposits, thereby increasing the extraction of minerals.

The method of mining of alluvial deposits of minerals, including the construction of the shaft in the coastal zone of the productive deposits, sinking horizontal underground workings and jumptv below the bottom of the float productive deposits in the area of sustainable rocks, and the workings of the construction of the inclined rising production wells, pumping ore pulp from jumptv on the surface of produce pulpotomy pumps for slurry pipelines, characterized in that in the middle and along the bed of productive deposits from the surface of the construct down well with filter columns with wide aisled holes and access them in a horizontal underground mine, with the two sides of the coastal zone on the bottom line of the productive deposits above the raft build pan horizontal wells, of which hydro stimulate productive fat, turning them into pulp, which through wide aisled holes filter columns down-hole and through the inclined rising well enters zumpfe and construction of tilt-horizontal wells produce with their direction to filter columns descending wells is in.



 

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Water jet nozzle // 2374448

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to treatment of item surfaces with water jet. Water jet nozzle comprises body with the first nozzle head arranged on its front end, besides axis of outlet hole in the first nozzle head in plane of front end of body has an angle of inclination to axis of body rotation and is displaced relative to axis of rotation, and the second nozzle head, arranged on body side surface, besides axis of outlet hole of the second nozzle head is inclined to axis of body rotation to the side of its front end. Body comprises device for flow interruption, which comprises disk made in the form of sleeve, bottom and side walls of which have slots in the form of sectors and small turbine that represents impeller made of hub and blade crown, for instance with four blades arranged at an angle to nozzle axis. Disk and small turbine are fixed on axis, which it in turn is installed in sliding bearings, one of which is fixed in nozzle body from the side of front end, the other one - in central part of support, having shape of ring with ribs of rigidity, with external radius equal to radius of bore, where it is installed. Support is fixed with threaded ring.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of water jet nozzle due to dynamic action of pulsating water jets at material.

4 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining and can be used at development of stratum of coal by means of water-jet boring-and-reaming with following delivering of methane to consumer. Development method of stratum of coal by water-jet boring-and-reaming includes treatment of stratum with usage of predrilled well, hydraulic monitor with jet and jet elevator. Into predrilled well it is installed parallel portion of hermetic chamber, then into it is inserted pipes for water feeding to jet elevator, hydraulic monitor, and delivery of coal slurry to surface, after what on parallel portion of hermetic chamber it is fixed hermetic chamber with branch, through which it is exhausted methane by consumer at treatment of stratum of coal.

EFFECT: it provides implementation of unattended mining of minerals, and also - simultaneous delivery from one well of minerals and methane.

1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to mining industry, and namely to development method of steep coal bed. Method involves development of coal bed by using pre-bored wells and a hydraulic monitor with a head piece. First, cross drift is made from the slope in the direction of the superface or soil of the bed, then in the cross drift there installed is a boring machine for boring inclined wells of large and small diametre at one and the same level through certain length; after that in the well of small diametre there installed is bore-hole hydraulic monitor with the head piece rotating at 180, and coal breakage is begun at the sub-level; at that, the well of large diametre, which is broken as the sub-level development proceeds, is used for transporting the broken mined rock to the slope.

EFFECT: complex and rational use of subsurface resources, manless mining operations, reducing costs for the bed preparation and increasing labour efficiency.

5 dwg

FIELD: mining engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of hydraulic boring-and-reaming of minerals, particularly to structures of gears for hydraulic boring-and-reaming solid minerals. Device consists of connected to each other tubal line with introduction and low end wall. Low end wall contains side water jet nozzle, pulp-receiving windows and jet elevator device. Diffusion cell jet elevator device by means of outlet is hydraulically connected to space between casing column and tubal line, and in bottom-most portion of low end wall it is installed butt water jet nozzle, hydraulically connected to separating cavity. Length of low end wall is more than distance between casing shoe and subface of producing stratum. Top part of casing pipe is outfitted by exterior reference ring and air-feeding pipe, rigidly fixed to casing pipe, and in bottom part of casing pipe there are implemented openings for feeding of compressed air into stope. Between casing pipe and body of low end wall, higher openings for feeding of compressed air, it is installed ring gasket.

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1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to underground development of mineral deposits, particularly to hydraulic excavation. The method consists in exposure of deposit by means of boreholes, in hydraulic fragmentation of rock with pressure water jet, in disintegrating and in converting fragmented mass into slurry in a working face, in transporting slurry from the working face to a pulp receiving borehole, and in lifting slurry to surface; also, prior to lifting slurry to surface it is intensively mixed; its heavy barren part (barren rock) is settled on the bottom of the washed-out cavity, thus backfilling mined space; further, light-weighted part of slurry consisting of mineral pulp is sucked off to an upper section of the cavity, wherefrom slurry (concentrated water-coal fuel) is lifted to surface and is transported directly to a consumer via pipes.

EFFECT: realisation of method in this way eliminates necessity to concentrate slurry on surface, to pile rejects and, consequently, decreases land subsidence owing to left in thickness barren rock, which serves as backfilling material of mined space in this case.

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to mining and is designed for development of thick deep seated deposits of loose self-breaking or preliminary broken minerals. The facility consists of internal movable pumping column 1 with hydro-monitor head 2 at the end, and of external pulp take-away pipe 3 with telescopic lower portion 4 with receiving opening 5. Telescopic lower part 4 of pulp take-away pipe 3 is movably connected with pumping column 1 and is designed to perform axial displacements. Pumping column 1 can have telescopic lower part 6 equipped with limiting-guiding rings 7 and 8. To limit a run column 1 and telescopic part 4 can be equipped with stop 9 secured to column 1 and with stops 10 and 11 on part 4. The telescopic part 4 of pulp take-away pipe can have density equal or slightly exceeding density of pulp due to property of material for pipe fabrication or due to closed interstice in structure (not shown). This facilitates its floatability in pulp. The facility can be made with variation of average density of lower part 4 of pulp-take away pipe.

EFFECT: simple and reliable facility ensuring efficient development of thick deep-seated deposits of loose self-breaking or preliminary broken minerals due to stable position of receiving opening of pulp take-away pipe in zone of optimal density of pulp.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to mining and can be implemented at open development of mineral deposits by method of borehole hydraulic excavation. The installation consists of a high pressure column with channels for power water supply and for pulp lifting, of monitor nozzle, of a hydraulic lift, of a receiving chamber with openings and of a hollow head with a nozzle of the hydraulic lift. The installation is equipped with movable and fixed knives, with a spring loaded piston installed in the cavity of the head and designed to travel, and with guides located on sides of the openings; also the movable knives are installed in the guides, while the fixed knives are arranged in the openings. The movable knives are connected to the piston by means of rods. The invention facilitates reducing idle time and carrying out excavating process practically continuously to chamber completion.

EFFECT: reducing idle time and carrying out excavating process practically continuously to chamber completion.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to procedures of mineral development of placers and sedimentary deposits with stable roof. The procedure consists in exposing the site of a producing reservoir with a main borehole embedding it into rock subjacent the said reservoir, in equipping the main borehole with a casing pipe, in assembling the bearing plate of the latter within boundaries of embedded part of the borehole, in forming in subjacent rock a receiving chamber with inclined outlet openings led to a floor of a producer, in leaving above them a preventive rock massif, in installation of a main hydro-monitor and a pulp-lifting device in the receiving chamber, in fluid wash of main reserve of mineral, in successive fluid wash of mineral placed above massif, and in lifting pulp via the main borehole from the receiving chamber to surface. Development is carried out chamber by chamber, for the purpose of which there are bored auxiliary boreholes around the main one with diametre less, than that of the main, wherein auxiliary hydro-monitors are installed; flush of reserves of a corresponding chamber is performed from each borehole; before flush of chamber reserves above massif there is carried out lifting of the main hydro-monitor and cased column; further the bearing plate of the latter is assembled and the main hydro-monitor is installed above massif within boundaries of thickness of the producer.

EFFECT: increased yield rate from one borehole, more rational development of deposits due to decreased loss of mineral and reduced extraction of barren rock to surface.

3 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to mining and can be implemented at borehole hydraulic excavating of minerals. The installation consists of a high pressure column, and of a central pulp lifting column installed inside the high pressure column, interior cavity of which is connected to internal cavity of the high pressure column via a nozzle of hydraulic lift; in a lower part of the high pressure column there is installed the nozzle of the hydraulic lift; an additional nozzle with a suction chamber is rigidly connected to the nozzle of the hydraulic lift. The nozzle of the hydraulic lift is connected to the high pressure column, is designed to rotate relative to its lengthwise axis and is equipped with a tailed jet; also tails of the jet are bent opposite to rotation direction; while the suction chamber is equipped with a pulp intake with openings assembled radial to the suction chamber and directed to the side of hydraulic monitor rotation. The invention facilitates increased efficiency due to intensification of pulp formation process and due to increased per cent contents of extracted material in pulp.

EFFECT: increased efficiency due to intensification of pulp formation process and due to increased per cent contents of extracted material in pulp.

3 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to open development of mineral placers, particularly to mining and concentration of gold containing placers in winter. The procedure consists in exposing works, in sand excavating and in sand transporting to a basin, in flushing and in dump piling. Also, in winter primary excavation and sand transporting are performed with preliminary piling sand on ice of the basin, while the secondary excavation and flushing are carried out in a warm season.

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2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: mining industry.

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2 cl, 4 dwg

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3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: transport building, particularly to perform mining operations in far north areas.

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2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: mining industry, particularly borehole mining.

SUBSTANCE: installation comprises platform, hydraulic monitor plant with telescopic head, as well as airlift, rotary device installed on the platform, water recycling system, elastic oscillation generation system and distribution device connected to falling airlift members and to ultrasound disintegrator. Hydraulic monitor plant is provided with automatic hydraulic monitor operation control system installed on additional platform and connected with executive members of rotary device made in hydraulic monitor plant through hydraulic system. Elastic oscillation generation system may produce ultrasound oscillations of changeable power, which are transmitted by means of wash zone oscillators, pre-disintegration zone oscillator and oscillators of ultrasound disintegrator of the fist and the second level. Wash zone oscillators and sensors which record dynamic wash zone properties are installed on upper telescopic bar of T-shaped lever pivotally secured to additional rod of hydraulic monitor plant and brought into cooperation with drive through L-shaped link for lever rotation. Pre-disintegration zone oscillator and sensors which record dynamic properties of pre-disintegration zone are installed on telescopic rotary device hinged with airlift rod. Sensors which record dynamic wash zone properties and ones which record dynamic properties of pre-disintegration zone are linked with control system, which controls ultrasound denerator operational characteristics, and with automatic hydraulic monitor operation control system by digital programmed transforming device. Sensors, which determine dynamic properties of ultrasound disintegrator, are installed at the first level surface inlet and outlet of the ultrasound disintegrator. Above sensors are connected with control system, which controls operational characteristics of ultrasound denerator, through digital programmed device related with the next disintegration operation.

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5 dwg

FIELD: mining industry, particularly borehole mining.

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EFFECT: increased efficiency of mining operation and increased environmental safety.

5 dwg

FIELD: mining industry, particularly to produce loose, soft or single-grained minerals through production boreholes.

SUBSTANCE: method involves installing drilling rig in one point of area to be treated; drilling inclined production boreholes at an angle to horizon; installing pipes in the borehole; assembling hydraulic production equipment and lifting mineral to surface. Drilling rig is installed in one point to be treated so that the drilling rig may perform azimuth and angular rotation in vertical plane. Several production boreholes extending at different angles to horizon in common vertical plane are drilled by the drilling rig. The first borehole has minimal angle defined by maximal possible length of borehole, which can be drilled by the drilling rig. The next borehole has maximal angle defined by rock deformation area to prevent rock deformation on surface and in mineral production equipment installation area. Remainder boreholes are drilled in the same vertical plane at α3, α4, ... απ angles to horizon, which maximizes efficiency of mineral production. Similar inclined boreholes are drilled in other vertical planes by rotating the drilling rig in azimuth direction through γ1, γ2 ... γπ angles. Mineral is produced simultaneously or sequentially from borehole groups to provide smooth lowering of overlaying rock.

EFFECT: increased mineral removing fullness with the use of single equipment unit, reduced amount of construction-and-assembling operations, possibility to perform operations in any season, reduced costs of operation performing in cold season, increased safety for staff and equipment.

2 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: mineral field development by hydraulic mining methods, as well as borehole drilling and all-purpose underground cavities creation.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises connection pipe for pressure water. Connection pipe of slurry pipeline has conical constricted section, wear-resistant insert made as spaced rings of wear-resistant material installed downstream from the conical constricted section in slurry flow direction, and conical widening section arranged downstream from the rings. Connection pipe of slurry pipeline has orifices made in area of ring location and adapted to supply pressure water into connection pipe of slurry pipeline via gaps defined between the rings. Hydraulic elevator is arranged at end of connection pipe for pressure water. Connection pipe for pressure water and hydraulic elevator may have water-jet nozzles. Gaps between rings of wear-resistant insert are created due to ring end roughness. As pressure water is supplied part of flow moving via annular gap passes through annular hydraulic elevator and enters into connection pipe of slurry pipeline to create ascending flow. Due to created vacuum washed mineral is sucked into connection pipe of slurry pipeline in slurry form and then transported to surface.

EFFECT: reduced wear of inlet connection pipe part.

3 cl, 1 dwg

Hydraulic monitor // 2272143

FIELD: methods of hydraulic mining, particularly hydraulic monitors for rock breakage with water jets.

SUBSTANCE: hydraulic monitor comprises base, hinge assembly and barrel with nozzle. Through pipe extending along barrel axis is installed in barrel channel and supported by centrators. The first pipe end is communicated with atmosphere, another one is located in the nozzle. Pipe-nozzle diameter ratio is 0.50-0.57. The pipe serves as ejection means. As high pressure water passes through the nozzle streamlined air bubble is created at pipe outlet due to air ejection. Air bubble pressure is less than atmospheric pressure. This provides jet compression at nozzle outlet and as a result increases jet range. Abrasive and chemical materials may be used with water jet to improve rock breakage efficiency.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: mining, particularly to develop gold-bearing rock with high clay content.

SUBSTANCE: method involves loosening rock by applying mechanical action to the rock along with periodically initiating elastic vibrations in ultrasonic-frequency band with constant frequency in clay-sand rock - water system, wherein the elastic vibrations are initiated under constant outer pressure and power for different time periods; determining optimal action application time to provide stable clay particle precipitation in clay-sand rock - water system having constant volume during previously choosing controllable particle dimension range; determining conditional transformation coefficients from mathematical expression; making plot of conditional transformation coefficient change as a function of time; determining increase of controllable initial specific surface of particles to be loosened and halving ultrasound power when controllable initial specific surface of particles to be loosened is increased by an order.

EFFECT: reduced specific power consumption.

6 dwg

FIELD: geotechnology, particularly bore mining in wide range of mining and geological conditions.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling bore extending for the full thickness of underground mineral formation; cutting the underground mineral formation in chamber coaxial to the bore with the use of water-jet devices. Before hydraulic formation cutting rock massif is moistened by supplying pressurized water in bore for a time period enough to expand moistened zone for necessary distance, wherein water pressure is less than pressure of hydraulic formation cutting. After formation moistening water-jet device is lowered in the bore to cut mineral in moistened zone adjoining the bore. After that formation moistening and cutting operations are repeated to create chamber having predetermined dimensions.

EFFECT: reduced power inputs for hydraulic rock cutting.

2 dwg

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