Tower-seedbed for growing of plants

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of agriculture, namely to growing of plants without earth in special accessories with action of nutrient solution aerosol at root system. Tower-seedbed comprises vertically arranged pipe with location beds for placement of plants and their growth without substrate. Tower is arranged with cavities for flow of thermostatted liquid through them, which is supplied into cavities via distributor. Lower end of pipe has bulge with grooves. Support platform is arranged with bulges. Zones with nutrient solution and thermostatted liquid are separated and sealed with rubber rings. Tower cover is arranged with groove for sealing of internal volume of tower.

EFFECT: invention provides for universality of tower-seedbed application in any climatic zones.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the cultivation of plants without land adaptive when the impact on the root system spray of nutrient solution.

Known methods and devices for growing plants without land on vertical surfaces or fixtures (FR 2747263 A1, 1997; EN 94000713 A1, 1995; EP 0533939 A1, 1993; SU 1780652 A1, 1992; SU 1428311 A1, 1988), also known as the principle use of aerosol effects on the root system of plants (patent RF №2050123, A01 31/02, 1995; RF patent 2128905, AS 31/00, 1999; RF patent №2248120, AS 31/02). Technological techniques (aerosol effects on roots) is quite close is the patent of Russia №2128905, AS 31/00, 31/02, 31/04 "Method of growing plants and the device for its implementation".

Closest to the present invention is the invention according to the patent of Russia №2248120, AS 31/02 "Device for growing plants".

A disadvantage of the known devices is the inability to make full use of them in countries with a hot climate, due to overheating of the surface of the tower-beds and reduce the potency of cultivated plants when the temperature increases above the optimum in the root zone.

The aim of the present invention is to provide versatility tower-beds in all climatic zones with high economic effect. This is accomplished by the fact that with the ENKA towers are made with cavities for flow in them thermostatted liquid, and space with a nutrient solution and cooled by liquid separated sealing and cushioning rings of elastic material (rubber), due to the fact that the lower end of the tube has a thickness with hollows, and the ground is made with the tabs.

Cover of the tower is a notch for a more complete closure of the top of the tower and reduce evaporation through possible leaks. Through an array of padded cover the pipe with multiple nozzles for spraying the nutrient solution. If necessary, the pipe with nozzles attached the appropriate devices to prevent slippage inside the tower. For a more complete sealing of the occurrence of the pipe is closed by a cap made of rubber or other plastic material, and on the tube (on the top edge) has a thick rubber ring that performs, in addition, and shock-absorbing functions.

In a production version, with many towers-beds, on top of the towers were designed by two roads: one to supply the nutrient solution in the nozzle, and the other for supplying cooled fluid through the respective distributor. On the bases of the towers (the ground) made fittings for drainage of nutrient solution and cooled fluid to the appropriate system for regeneration and for temperature control in two separate is Magistrale (in the concrete path).

In fact, we have a tower patch containing upright pipe with a cradle for placing plants and growing them without substrate, characterized in that to increase the versatility of its use, the tower is designed with cavities for flow cooled liquid fed into the cavity through the dispenser, with the lower end of the pipe has thickening with hollows, and the ground is made with the tabs, as a result there is an opportunity zones (space) with nutrient solution and cooled liquid to separate and sealing, for example, rubber rings; the cover of the tower is hollow for better sealing of the internal the volume of the tower.

The invention shown in figures 1, 2 and 3, where figure 1 presents the detail of the tower and supporting pad (1-1 horizon, the pipe section; 1-2 - VERTIC. the incision; 1-3 - VERTIC. incision reference sites), figure 2 shows a General plan of the cover of the tower, and figure 3 shows the plot of the production site with multiple towers patches and example execution of lodgement to support plants. The device (1) comprises a tower 1 (1-2, figure 1) channel 2 (1-1, 1) for cultivated plants in containers (in this Fig. not shown) and cavities 3 for thermostatted liquid fed into the cavity through the distributor 4. The lower end of the pipe is (1-1, 1) has a thickness of 5 with cut-outs (slots) 6. Support platform 7 (1-3, figure 1) is made with the tabs 8, channel 9 for duct cooled fluid and the pipe 10 to remove it in thermostating system, as well as the bowl 11 to collect the nutrient solution and the pipe 12 to remove the recirculation system. Zone location and flow of the nutrient solution and cooled liquids are separated and sealed by the rings 13. Cover 14 (2) towers are made with the notch 15, the pipe 16 and the nozzle 17. The place of entry of the pipe into the cap is sealed by the cap 18. In the production area (figure 3) to the towers on the upper edge of the summed line 19 for supplying the nutrient solution and the line 20 for supplying cooled fluid through the nozzle 21 of the distributor. This figure shows an example execution of lodgement 21', which are fixed plants. Along the bottom edge towers, the concrete path 22, the line 23 to drain the nutrient solution in the regeneration system and highway 24 for removal of cooled fluid in thermostatic system.

The device operates as follows.

Before installing the operating mode, tower-patch 1 collected after cleaning and sterilization of the inner volume, setting the tower 1 on the stand 7 with rubber rings 13. performing the matching condition of the spaces of the cavities 3 is channel 9. On the top of the tower is put on the cover 14, the fitting 21 is connected by line 20 for supplying cooled fluid, and a nozzle (not shown) on the tube 16 to the nozzle 17 is attached to line 19 for supplying the nutrient solution. After complete Assembly of the tower-ridge 1 produce a pump test on the two feed highways 19 and 20, and two lateral highways 23 and 24.

After that planted the plants in channels 2 and unoccupied channels 2 closed sealed by stoppers (not shown) and set the required parameters for the operating mode with the cultivation of plants under specific conditions.

In the cultivation of the nutrient solution passing through line 19, the pipe 16 and the nozzle 17, flows down the inner surface of the tower 1 (this is the area in the nutrient solution), irrigating the roots of plants in the channels 2, hits the thickening 5 of the tower and flows into the Cup 11, which through a pipe 12 and the line 23 is pumped to the regeneration system (not shown).

thermostating liquid passing through the line 20, the cavity 3 (this area thermostatted liquid), channels 9, the pipe 10, is removed through line 24 to thermostating system (not shown).

Tower-patch containing upright pipe with a cradle for placing plants and growing them without substrate, characterized in that the tower is designed with cavities for duct Ter is staterooms fluid, fed into the cavity through the dispenser, with the lower end of the pipe has thickening with hollows, and the ground is made with ledges and areas with nutrient solution and cooled liquid is separated and sealed with a rubber ring, the lid of the tower is made with a recess for sealing the internal space of the tower.



 

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