Device for heating and hot water supply of single-storey buildings

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for water heating and can be used in power engineering. Device includes boiler, expansion tank, heat exchanger, hydraulic air heat exchanger, pipelines, including pipeline connecting the upper part of boiler to the bottom of expansion tank, safety valves, capacity and tank. Boiler, tank, expansion tank and pipeline connecting the upper part of boiler to bottom of expansion tank have common longitudinal axis in vertical plane, heat exchanger and capacity are coaxial, and their axis is parallel to axes of tank, pipeline connecting the upper part of boiler to bottom of expansion tank and expansion tank; at that, heat exchanger is connected through the cock to pipeline connecting the upper part of boiler to bottom of expansion tank; in space between boiler internal walls and external walls there located are heat energy sources and heat-accumulating matters.

EFFECT: invention provides use of heat of phase transition of heat-accumulating matter.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of energy and, in particular, to heating and hot water supply of residential and industrial premises.

A known design (A.S. 1028972, publ. 13.07.1983), comprising a housing, a drive shaft pipelines.

A disadvantage. Requires two kinds of energy - low pressure steam and electric current.

The closest analogue is the construction of the patent RU 2196933, F22B 21/00 containing the boiler, expansion tank, heat exchanger, pressure relief valves, valves, pipelines.

A disadvantage. Do not use the heat of phase transition of a substance to heat the working fluid.

The purpose of the invention is the use of heat of the phase transition of the heat storage substance for heating the working fluid.

The objective is achieved due to the fact that it has a reservoir and the reservoir, while the boiler, tank, expansion tank, and a pipe connecting the upper part of the boiler to the bottom of the surge tank have a common longitudinal axis in a vertical plane, the coil and the capacitance of coaxial and their axis parallel to the axes of the tank, a pipe connecting the upper part of the boiler to the bottom of the surge tank, in addition, the heat exchanger through the valve connected to the pipe connecting the upper part of the boiler to the bottom of the surge tank, in space, Breakfast is as between the inner walls and outer walls of the boiler are sources of thermal energy and thermal storage substance.

The technical result is achieved due to:

- use of gas heat transfer heat-retaining substances chemical elements.

- supply of thermal energy in thermal storage substance three times more in comparison with a water battery.

- operation of the storage tank in the automatic mode in the range of the set temperature.

Figure 1 - schematic diagram of the General form of construction of the device for heating the working fluid.

The device consists of a boiler 1, the inner walls of the boiler 2, the heat source 3, the heat storage substance 4, for example a mixture of aluminum with silicon for stock per unit volume three times more heat energy during the phase transition solid-liquid compared to water battery (water boiler) and seventy percent more compared to the same electric heating devices for the same purpose, the outer wall 5 of the boiler, the valve 6 and 9, line 7, to multiplex the heat exchanger 8 to the conduit 30 connecting the upper part of the boiler 1 to the bottom of the surge tank 20, capacity (boiler) 10 for receiving hot water from the pipe 13, the pipe 11, the insulating layer 12, the air space 14, the longitudinal axis 15, the pipeline 16, hydromassage heat exchanger 17 for heating the air in topliva the IOM room 19, pointers 18, 26, 27, the space 21 above the level of the working fluid (water) 25 in the expansion tank, electrocaloric 22 to control the operation of heat sources, safety valves 23, 24 and 32, the reservoir 28 for collecting the working fluid from the heat exchanger 8 and hydrovodone heat exchanger 17, the space 29 for placement of heat sources 3 and the heat storage substance 4, the conduit 31, the longitudinal axis 33.

The operation of the device. To electrothermally 22, electrobase (not shown in figure 1) and sources of thermal energy 3 serves the electric current. Highlighted in ELEKTROTECHNIKA 3 heat, which initially heats the heat storage material 4, which is in a solid state, and then the temperature reaches the transition temperature and the heat storage material 4 is melted in the entire volume of the space between the inner wall 2 and outer wall 5 of the boiler 2, between the walls of the conduit 31 and the exterior surfaces of the pipe 30 into the space 29. Moreover, the melting process is accompanied by an increase in heat storage substance 4, the decrease in free space 14.

Simultaneously with the heating and melting of thermal storage substance 4 heat transmitted through the wall 2 of the working fluid 25, the inside of the boiler 1 and the pipe 30. Due to thermosipho is and the working fluid 25 is moved upward relative to the longitudinal axis 15 of the boiler 1 to the surge tank 20 and the next pointer 18 in hydrovodone the heat exchanger 17, where it heats the wall, and hence the air space in room 19, the pipe 16 and the reservoir 28 is returned to the boiler 1 with a lower temperature.

The use of thermosyphon, coaxial vertical longitudinal axis 15 of the boiler 1, the conduit 30, the reservoir 28 and the surge tank 20, and heating the working fluid 25 in the conduit 30 provides efficient circulation in the direction of the pointers 18, 26, 27 of the working fluid 25 in this device without use of the pump.

For hot water supply (if necessary) open the valve 6. The working fluid 25 circulates through the pointer 26 through the pipe 7, the heat exchanger 8, the pipe 11, thereby heating the water coming through the pipe 13 into the tank (boiler) 10. Through the valve 9 is consumed to the consumer.

When the temperature of heating, for example, ninety degrees Celsius electrothermally 22 turns off the power supply to the heat source 3. The temperature of the working fluid 25 in the device is reduced to the pre-regulated value, then electrothermally 22 again applies a voltage to the 3 sources of thermal energy. The process is repeated.

Device for heating and hot water supply of single-storey buildings containing a boiler, expansion tank, heat exchanger, hydrovodone the heat exchanger, piping, including the Isla pipeline connecting the upper part of the boiler to the bottom of the expansion tank, safety valves and faucets, characterized in that it comprises a tank and a tank, with boiler, tank, expansion tank, and a pipe connecting the upper part of the boiler to the bottom of the surge tank, have a common longitudinal axis in a vertical plane, the coil and the capacitance of coaxial and their axis parallel to the axes of the tank, a pipe connecting the upper part of the boiler to the bottom of the surge tank and the expansion tank, in addition, the heat exchanger through the valve connected to the pipe connecting the upper part of the boiler to the bottom of the surge tank in the space between the inner walls and outer walls of the boiler are sources of thermal energy and heat storage substance.



 

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