Radiant panel heating device

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to heating equipment, namely to radiant heating systems, and can be used for keeping temperature mode in domestic and public buildings during winter period. Radiant panel device contains one or several heating panels with heat-release surface and heat generator; heating panel includes closed circulation loop filled with working medium in the form of liquid and its vapours, in which there is the following: condensation section having thermal contact with heat-release surface of heating panel; evaporation section interconnected with it and having thermal contact with heating device of heat generator; accumulation-and-displacement section interacting with evaporation and condensation sections and having thermal contact with device of cyclic heating of accumulation-and-displacement section to the temperature exceeding temperature of the rest sections of circulation loop and cyclic cooling of accumulation-and-displacement section to the temperature not exceeding temperature of the rest sections of circulation loop. The device located between accumulation-and-displacement section and condensation section and allowing movement of working medium from condensation section to accumulation-and-displacement section and preventing, completely or partially, movement of working medium from accumulation-and-displacement section to condensation section. The device located between accumulation-and-displacement section and evaporation section and allowing movement of working medium from accumulation-and-displacement section to evaporation section and preventing, completely or partially, movement of working medium from evaporation section to accumulation-and-displacement section.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency of heat transfer from heating device of heat generator to heat-release surface of panel.

17 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of heating technology, in particular to the radiant heating systems, and can be used to maintain the temperature in the residential and industrial buildings in the winter.

The known device radiant heating in the form of pendant, wall (flush) or outdoor (vnutripolnye) panels or other enclosing structures, which are pressed, welded or glued tubes, through which is passed a coolant - heated water. Heating is supplied in panels of water carried out using a heat source. Passing through the pipes in the panels of the heated (cooled) water, due to thermal contact between the pipe and the heat-release surface panels, reports contained within the warmth of the residential or industrial premises. When this water is cooled by changing its temperature. Thanks to extensive heat-release surface of panels required room temperature is set at a small temperature difference between indoors and panel that creates a favorable microclimate in the premises and can be used for space heating low-grade heat sources.

(B.W.Olesen "Theory and practice of outdoor radiant heating"; AVOK No. 3, 2007, p.116-117 "System surface heating")

This is a technical solution in the tasks performed functions and the achieved result is closest to the claimed by function and the achieved result. It is taken as the closest analogue (prototype).

The disadvantages of the prototype are large mass of coolant in the system and a significant temperature difference in different parts of the heating panels associated with a change in temperature of the coolant at the inlet and outlet of the panel.

The present invention aims at eliminating this disadvantage and solves the technical problem of providing a uniform temperature heating panels.

For the technical solution of the heat panel radiant panel heating contains a closed circulation loop filled with the working fluid in the form of a liquid and its vapor, which includes:

- the condensing section, having a good thermal contact with the heat-release surface of a heating panel;

- communicated with him evaporative section, having a good thermal contact with the heating device, heat source; thermal contact can be effected by contact with the external surface of the evaporation section of the circulation path with the surface of the heating device, and by contact with the external surface of the evaporator section with the working fluid of the heat generator;

- communicated with evaporating and condensing sections of cumulative displacement plot with good thermal contact to the device is istom periodic cumulative heating-pressure area to a temperature higher than the temperature of other parts of the circulation loop, and a periodic cooling of the cumulative-pressure area to a temperature not higher than the temperature of other parts of the circulation loop;

- located between the cumulative-pressure and condensing sections of the device, allowing the movement of the working fluid from the condensing section in cumulative displacement plot and preventing, in whole or in part, the movement of the working body of the cumulative displacement plot in the condensation section;

- located between cumulative displacement and evaporation sections of the device, allowing the movement of the working body of the cumulative displacement plot in the evaporating section and preventing, in whole or in part, the movement of the working fluid from the evaporator section in cumulative displacement plot.

Message areas circulation circuit with each other can be carried out both directly and through the connecting pipelines.

Contact condensation section of the circulation path with the heat-release surface of the heating panel is preferably a one-piece.

Contact evaporative area circulation circuit with the heating device halogenerator is and is preferably detachable.

Contact the cumulative displacement plot circulation circuit device with periodic heating and cooling is preferably detachable.

As the working fluid is preferably applied to the refrigerant.

As devices, completely preventing movement of the working fluid from the evaporator section in cumulative displacement plot and cumulative-pressure area in the condensing section can be applied regulating or check valve, and, as a device, partially impeding the movement of the working fluid from the evaporator section in cumulative displacement plot and cumulative-pressure area in the condensing section can be applied to the narrow portion of the pipe or capillary-porous partition.

Evaporative section preferably has good thermal contact with the heat-release surface of the heating panel. Contact evaporative section of the circulation path with the heat-release surface of the heating panel is preferably a one-piece.

Evaporation, condensation and cumulative-pressure sections of the circulation circuit is preferably in the form of pipelines, shape and cross-section dimensions which provide the ability to move the liquid-vapor mixture nor the mode, in which portions of the fluid moved through the pipeline together with steam tubes without ponding of liquids. The implementation of this mode provides a rounded cross-section and small inner diameter pipelines in areas in which the movement of vapor-liquid mixture against the forces of gravity.

The condensing section preferably has a cumulative vessel located between the site and the device is completely or partially preventing the return of the working fluid from the cumulative displacement plot in the condensation section.

The circulation loop may contain a buffer vessel located between the cumulative pressure and evaporative areas; between cumulative displacement plot and buffer vessel have a check valve preventing return of the working fluid from the vessel into the cumulative displacement plot, and between the bottom of the buffer vessel and the evaporating section include a throttle valve, whereby in the buffer vessel to maintain the pressure exceeds the pressure in the evaporation section and regulate the rate of flow of the liquid working fluid from the vessel into the evaporation area. To maintain high pressure in the buffer vessel vessel teploizolirovat and warm up at podosinovets to a temperature above than the temperature in the evaporation section of the circulation path.

Evaporative section is preferably provided with a separator which is permeable to a vapor working fluid in the condensing section, and the liquid working fluid returns back to the evaporation section.

The circulation loop preferably includes several cumulative-pressure areas, communicating with the evaporating and condensing sections through the device, allowing the movement of the working fluid from the condensing section in cumulative displacement plot and cumulative displacement plot in the evaporating section, and preventing, in whole or in part, the movement of the working fluid from the evaporator section in cumulative displacement plot and cumulative displacement plot in the condensation section.

Heat the surface of the heating panel is preferably made from a material with high heat-conducting capacity.

As the device periodic heating and cooling of the cumulative-pressure area is preferably applied to thermoelectric module, one side of which has a good thermal contact with the cumulative displacement plot, but the flip side preferably has good thermal contact with another part of the compass the ion path.

The use of the claimed invention allows to obtain the following technical result.

The device is a radiant panel heating will allow you to effectively transmit heat from the heating device is a heat source to heat the surface of the panel regardless of their positions in the field of gravity, without the use of pumps or compressors. The device will allow to maintain the temperature of all zones of the panel in contact with the evaporating and condensing sections of the circulation loop, on the same level, regardless of the lengths of segments. The device will allow you to easily disconnect the heating panel from the heating of the heat source and re-attach it, without disruption of heat transfer circulation circuit panel.

The use of thermoelectric module as a device for pumping high refrigeration coefficient of thermal energy from one part of the circulation circuit to the other, will reduce the cost of energy required to move the working fluid along a heating/cooling loop.

The use of the buffer vessel and/or separator will smooth out the cyclical flow of the liquid working fluid in the evaporating section of the circulation path.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows the number of the circulation loop heat panel radiant panel heating, and figure 2 shows the design of the outdoor unit (vnutripolnye) heating.

The design of the circulation circuit of a heating panel consists of the evaporation section 1, of the condensation section 2, the cumulative displacement plot 3 and non-return valves 4 and 5. Evaporative area in contact with the heating device 6 boiler, condensing the plot is in contact with the heat-release surface 7 heating panel, cumulative-pressure area in contact with the device periodic heating and periodic cooling 8. All parts made in the form of pipelines rounded cross-section and a small inner diameter, resulting vapor-liquid mixture moves over them in the "shell"hot topic " in which portions of the fluid moving through the pipeline together with steam tubes without stratification to separate steam and liquid flows, and the movement is effected under the action of differential pressure regardless of the direction of gravity.

The circulation circuit is implemented as follows.

In the initial moment of time the cumulative displacement plot 3 filled with liquid-vapor mixture with a predominant content of the liquid. When heated, the mixture with the help of the device 8 above the temperature of the evaporation section 1 the pressure inside the accumulation displacer section 3 by evaporating part of the liquid working fluid increases above the pressure in the evaporation section 1. Under the action of pressure difference of the liquid-vapor mixture of the cumulative displacement plot 3 through the check valve 5 is moved in the evaporating section 1 as long as the cumulative displacement plot 3 will not only remain vaporous working medium through a full displacement and evaporation), or until such time as the device is periodic heating and periodic cooling 8 will not reduce the cumulative temperature-pressure area to a temperature lower than the temperature of the evaporation section 1 (the pressure inside the accumulation displacer section 3 is lower than the pressure in the evaporation section 1 and the check valve 5 is automatically closed).

In the evaporation section 1 liquid working fluid received from the liquid-vapor mixture under the action of heat coming from the heating device 6 heat, evaporates, absorbing coming from the heat source to the heat. As the evaporation of the liquid volume of the liquid-vapor mixture increases, resulting vapor-liquid mixture moves through the evaporation section 1 in the direction of the condensation section 2. As you progress vapor-liquid mixture by evaporating section of the fluid in vapor-liquid mixture decreases. Vapor-liquid mixture with low liquid content and increased retained the eat vapor from the evaporation section 1 flows into the condensing section 2, in which the incoming steam is condensed by removal of heat from the condensing section 2 to the heat-release surface 7 of the heating panel. The content of liquid in the vapor-liquid mixture in the condensation section 2, increases as it moves through the condensation section.

Upon cooling, the cumulative displacement plot 3 by means of the device 8, the pressure within the area is reduced due to condensation of vapor of the working fluid. When the pressure below the pressure in the evaporation section 1 automatically closes the check valve 5, and when the pressure below the pressure in the condensation phase 2 opens the check valve 4, and then the cumulative displacement plot 3 is the liquid-vapor mixture with a high content of liquid coming from the condensing section 2. Filling the storage-pressurization of the site will be up until in cumulative displacement plot 3 will not be the only liquid working fluid (in the full condensation of vapours), or until such time as the device is periodic heating and periodic cooling 8 will not increase the cumulative temperature-pressure section 3 to a temperature higher than the temperature of the condensing section 2 (the pressure inside the accumulation pressure participants of the 3 will be higher than the pressure in the condensation section and the check valve 4 is automatically closed). Then the cycle repeats.

The design of the floor heating device comprises a heating pipe 9 located inside the floor covering, the connecting pipe 10, a storage vessel 11, the cumulative pressure vessels 12 and 13, check valves 14-17, thermoelectric modules 18 and 19, the buffer vessel 20, a resistive heater 21, the throttle valve 22, the fluid line 23, the separator 24, a heating coil 25, the heat source 26 and a steam pipe 27. Inside the system is liquid working fluid 28 and the vaporous working medium 29. The connecting pipe 10 and the liquid pipe 23 have a circular cross-section and a small inner diameter, resulting vapor-liquid mixture moves over them in the "shell"hot topic " in which portions of the fluid moving through the pipeline together with steam tubes without stratification to separate steam and liquid flows, and the movement of the liquid-vapor mixture is carried out under the action of differential pressure regardless of the direction of gravity.

The operation of the floor heating is carried out as follows.

Liquid working fluid 28, located in the separator 24, under the action of gravity enters the lower part of the heating coil 25, which under the action coming from telogen the operator 26 of the heat boils. The resulting vapor-liquid mixture rises by heating the coil up and returned to the separator 24, in which the vapors of the working fluid 29 is separated from the liquid and the steam pipe 27 are received in the heat pipe 9.

In the heat pipe 9 of the pair of the working fluid condenses, giving up heat of condensation flooring. The formed droplets of liquid working fluid steam flow is moved horizontally on the heat pipes 9 to the connecting pipe 10, through which the liquid-vapor mixture absorbed in the accumulator vessel 11. The absorption of the mixture in the vessel 11 is carried out by condensation of the vaporous working fluid 29 in the heat of the heated cumulative vessel 11 into the environment.

Return liquid working fluid 28 from the storage vessel 11 to the separator 24 is as follows. In the initial moment of time thermoelectric module 28 to one side cools cumulative-pressure vessel 12, while heating the other side cumulative-pressure vessel 13. The vaporous working medium in the vessel 12, under the action of the incoming cold condenses, reducing the pressure inside the vessel below the pressure in the storage vessel 11, resulting from the accumulation of the vessel 11 in the storage-vitezne is a recreational vessel 12 through the check valve 14 starts to absorb the liquid working fluid 28. Liquid working medium located in the storage-pressure vessel 13, under the action of the incoming heat partially evaporates, increasing the pressure in the vessel above the pressure in the buffer tank 20, resulting in a liquid working fluid from the accumulation pressure vessel 13 through the check valve 17 begins to be replaced by the liquid pipe 23 into the buffer tank 20, and out through the throttle valve 22 to the liquid pipe 23 to the separator 24.

After a certain period of time, perform the polarity of thermoelectric module 18, in which the module starts to cool cumulative-pressure vessel 13, simultaneously heating the other side cumulative-pressure vessel 12. The vaporous working medium in the vessel 13, under the action of the incoming cold condenses, reducing the pressure inside the vessel below the pressure in the buffer tank 20 in the storage vessel 11, the result of which will automatically close the check valve 17, and from the storage vessel 11 in the storage-pressure vessel 13 through the check valve 16 starts to absorb the liquid working fluid 28. Liquid working medium located in the storage-pressure vessel 12, under the action of the incoming heat starts to evaporate, increasing the pressure in the vessel above the pressure in the storage vessel 11 is in the buffer tank 20, the result will automatically close the check valve 14, and the liquid working fluid from the accumulation pressure vessel 12 begins to be forced out through the check valve 15 to the liquid pipe 23 into the buffer tank 20.

After a certain period of time again perform the polarity of thermoelectric module 18, resulting in the cycle repeats. Because, depending on the temperature conditions and the mode of operation of a thermoelectric module 18, the amount received from the storage tank 11 of the liquid working fluid may not match the amount of liquid working fluid that is displaced into the buffer tank 20, the average level of liquid working fluid in the storage-pressure vessels 12 and 13 may decrease or increase. To maintain the average level of liquid working fluid in the storage-pressure vessels 12 and 13 at an optimal level, there is a thermoelectric module 19, which is connected on one side with a cumulative-pressure vessel 13, and the other side with a buffer capacity of 20 (or any other device in contact with teplovosprinimajushchie/heat environment).

In the case of lowering the average level of the working fluid in the accumulation pressure vessels below the optimum, thermoelectric module 19 cools the cumulative pressure vessel 13, in which the result of which in each cycle it absorbed more liquid working fluid and less displaced. The average level of liquid working fluid in the vessels increases.

In the case of raising the average level of the working fluid in the accumulation pressure vessels above the optimum, thermoelectric module 19 heats the cumulative pressure vessel 13, resulting in each cycle it is less absorbed liquid working fluid and more displaced. The average level of liquid working fluid in the blood vessels is reduced.

In the case of lowering the temperature of the buffer tank 20 is lower than the temperature in the separator 24, the pressure in the buffer tank drops below the pressure in the separator, resulting in a supply of liquid working fluid from the buffer tank to the separator will stop. To prevent this, the buffer capacity of 20 teploizolirovat and equip resistive heater 21, which supports temperature in the buffer tank at the required level.

1. The device is a radiant panel heating, containing one or more heating panels with heat-release surface and the heat source, characterized in that the heating panel has a closed circulation loop filled with the working fluid in the form of a liquid and its vapor, which includes:
A. the condensing section having thermal contact with the heat-release surface of a heating panel;
b. communicated with him evaporative area with heat is contact with a heating device, a heat source;
c. reported with evaporating and condensing sections of the cumulative-pressure section having thermal contact with the device periodic cumulative heating-pressure area to a temperature higher than the temperature of other parts of the circulation loop and periodic cooling of the cumulative-pressure area to a temperature not higher than the temperature of other parts of the circulation loop;
d. located between cumulative-pressure and condensing sections of the device, allowing the movement of the working fluid from the condensing section in cumulative displacement plot and preventing, in whole or in part, the movement of the working body of the cumulative displacement plot in the condensation section;
that is located between the cumulative displacement and evaporation sections of the device, allowing the movement of the working body of the cumulative displacement plot in the evaporating section and preventing, in whole or in part, the movement of the working fluid from the evaporator section in cumulative displacement plot.

2. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the contact of the condensation section of the circulation path with the heat-release surface of the heating panel is within the all-in-one.

3. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the contact evaporative area circulation circuit with the heating device of the heat generator is made detachable.

4. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the cumulative contact-pressure section of the circulation path with the device of the periodic heating and cooling is made detachable.

5. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the working medium is applied to the refrigerant.

6. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that as devices, completely preventing movement of the working fluid from the evaporator section in cumulative displacement plot and cumulative displacement plot in the condensation section, applied regulating or check valve, and devices, partially impeding the movement of the working fluid from the evaporator section in cumulative displacement plot and cumulative displacement plot in the condensation section, applied to a narrow portion of the pipe or capillary-porous partition.

7. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the evaporative area has thermal contact with the heat-release surface grease the panel.

8. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 7, characterized in that the contact evaporative section of the circulation path with the heat-release surface of the heating panel is made permanent.

9. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the evaporation, condensation and cumulative-pressure areas of the circulation loop is made in the form of pipelines, shape and cross-section dimensions which provide the ability to move the liquid-vapor mixture in the mode in which portions of the fluid moved through the pipeline together with steam tubes without ponding of liquids.

10. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the condensation section is cumulative vessel located between the site and the device is completely or partially preventing the return of the working fluid from the cumulative displacement plot in the condensation section.

11. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, wherein the circulation path includes a buffer vessel located between the cumulative pressure and evaporative areas; between cumulative-pressure area and the buffer vessel is located a check valve preventing return of the working fluid from the vessel in the accumulation of vitess the positive area, and between the bottom of the buffer vessel and the evaporating section is regulating throttle valve.

12. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 11, wherein the buffer vessel is insulated and equipped with a heater.

13. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the evaporating section is equipped with a separator impermeable to liquid working fluid from the evaporation section to the condensation section.

14. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, wherein the circulation path includes several cumulative-pressure areas, communicating with the evaporating and condensing sections through the device, allowing the movement of the working fluid from the condensing section in cumulative displacement plot and cumulative displacement plot in the evaporating section, and preventing, in whole or in part, the movement of the working fluid from the evaporator section in cumulative displacement plot and cumulative displacement plot in the condensation section.

15. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, characterized in that the heat-release surface of the heating panel is made of a material with high heat-conducting capacity.

16. The device is a radiant panel heating according to claim 1, the tives such as those in a device of the periodic heating and cooling cumulative displacement plot applied to thermoelectric module.

17. The device is a radiant panel heating in item 16, characterized in that the circulating cooled/heated side of thermoelectric module has a thermal contact with another part of the circulation loop.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to control method of convective heat exchange system in which heat energy is exchanged between liquid and medium. Control method of convective heat exchange system in which heat energy is exchanged between liquid and medium involves creation of liquid flow through medium, determination of value of transferred heat by adding several differences between liquid temperature at medium inlet and liquid temperature at heated medium outlet; at that, temperatures are measured in fixed time periods within fixed time intervals, determination of change of medium temperature during fixed time interval, and calculation of ratio between transferred heat and temperature variation. There also described is floor heating system and method of determining temperature of massive floor with tubes built in the floor.

EFFECT: improving available convective heat exchange systems, namely high-inertia systems like floor heating systems, which allows increasing comfort, decreasing temperature variations and increasing economy.

10 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heat electric power supply system consists of heat energy use sub-system, straight and return main pipelines of heat network, circulation circuit of heat carrier of centralised heat supply at least with one heating unit of the building, and electric power supply sub-system. At that electric power supply sub-system consists of power plant; power lines; at least one liquid transformer consisting of at least one winding; tank with transformer liquid; circulation pump; and separating heat exchanger the secondary circuit whereof is equipped with circulation pump. When the above circulation pump is in operation, heat carrier of secondary circuit of separating heat exchanger is supplied to one heating unit of the building, which is connected to secondary circuit of separating heat exchanger. Version of heat electric power supply system is described as well.

EFFECT: improving efficiency, ecological properties and reliability of the system, fuel calorific capacity fully used by centralised heat supply source, and effectiveness of heat removal from transformers, reducing temperature loads on electrical part of the system during intense ambient temperature decrease, cost of operation and overall dimensions of electrical transformers.

3 cl, 3 dwg

Heating system // 2315243

FIELD: heating engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heating system comprises round or elliptic inner passage for fluid, top and bottom plates that face each other and define an inner passage for flowing the heat-transfer water, a number of connecting members, inner passage for water made in the plates by means of connecting members, and two sections for transporting fluid for supplying and discharging water.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

10 cl, 13 dwg, 1 tbl

The invention relates to a heating system that uses a heating plate panel

The invention relates to the field of heat transfer and can be used for space heating

The invention relates to the breeding of sheep, in particular to devices of growing lambs in the winter and early spring cattle

The invention relates to a power system, in particular to a district heating residential, public and industrial buildings and structures

Block heater // 2135899
The invention relates to a heating engineer and can be used in heating of private houses and cottages

The invention relates to a heating engineer vehicles, in particular to heating systems cabins of trucks plying on long distances

Heating system // 2315243

FIELD: heating engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heating system comprises round or elliptic inner passage for fluid, top and bottom plates that face each other and define an inner passage for flowing the heat-transfer water, a number of connecting members, inner passage for water made in the plates by means of connecting members, and two sections for transporting fluid for supplying and discharging water.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

10 cl, 13 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heat electric power supply system consists of heat energy use sub-system, straight and return main pipelines of heat network, circulation circuit of heat carrier of centralised heat supply at least with one heating unit of the building, and electric power supply sub-system. At that electric power supply sub-system consists of power plant; power lines; at least one liquid transformer consisting of at least one winding; tank with transformer liquid; circulation pump; and separating heat exchanger the secondary circuit whereof is equipped with circulation pump. When the above circulation pump is in operation, heat carrier of secondary circuit of separating heat exchanger is supplied to one heating unit of the building, which is connected to secondary circuit of separating heat exchanger. Version of heat electric power supply system is described as well.

EFFECT: improving efficiency, ecological properties and reliability of the system, fuel calorific capacity fully used by centralised heat supply source, and effectiveness of heat removal from transformers, reducing temperature loads on electrical part of the system during intense ambient temperature decrease, cost of operation and overall dimensions of electrical transformers.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to control method of convective heat exchange system in which heat energy is exchanged between liquid and medium. Control method of convective heat exchange system in which heat energy is exchanged between liquid and medium involves creation of liquid flow through medium, determination of value of transferred heat by adding several differences between liquid temperature at medium inlet and liquid temperature at heated medium outlet; at that, temperatures are measured in fixed time periods within fixed time intervals, determination of change of medium temperature during fixed time interval, and calculation of ratio between transferred heat and temperature variation. There also described is floor heating system and method of determining temperature of massive floor with tubes built in the floor.

EFFECT: improving available convective heat exchange systems, namely high-inertia systems like floor heating systems, which allows increasing comfort, decreasing temperature variations and increasing economy.

10 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to heating equipment, namely to radiant heating systems, and can be used for keeping temperature mode in domestic and public buildings during winter period. Radiant panel device contains one or several heating panels with heat-release surface and heat generator; heating panel includes closed circulation loop filled with working medium in the form of liquid and its vapours, in which there is the following: condensation section having thermal contact with heat-release surface of heating panel; evaporation section interconnected with it and having thermal contact with heating device of heat generator; accumulation-and-displacement section interacting with evaporation and condensation sections and having thermal contact with device of cyclic heating of accumulation-and-displacement section to the temperature exceeding temperature of the rest sections of circulation loop and cyclic cooling of accumulation-and-displacement section to the temperature not exceeding temperature of the rest sections of circulation loop. The device located between accumulation-and-displacement section and condensation section and allowing movement of working medium from condensation section to accumulation-and-displacement section and preventing, completely or partially, movement of working medium from accumulation-and-displacement section to condensation section. The device located between accumulation-and-displacement section and evaporation section and allowing movement of working medium from accumulation-and-displacement section to evaporation section and preventing, completely or partially, movement of working medium from evaporation section to accumulation-and-displacement section.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency of heat transfer from heating device of heat generator to heat-release surface of panel.

17 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: procedure for production of multi-layer sectional heating panel consists in: stacking layers of sound and moisture proof material and porous heat insulation material on base of synthetic resin one on another. A row of shock absorbing poles passes through layers at specified horizontal step; the poles have metal protective caps on their upper parts. Layers are stacked on a bearing device on the first worktable. The bearing device is designed for transfer together with a fabricated heating panel along worktables set successively along a work line. Further, the procedure consists in matching and connection of a lower heat accumulating plate to upper surface of heat insulating material on the second worktable; in matching and connection of a heat conducting steel plate to upper surface of the lower heat accumulating plate on the third worktable; in matching and connection the upper heat accumulating plate to upper surface of the heat conducting steel plate on the fourth work table; in making holes for rivets by drilling the upper and lower heat accumulating plates, heat conducting steel plate and upper parts of corresponding protective caps put on upper parts of shock absorbing poles on the fifth worktable; in setting rivets into holes on the sixth work table; in riveting with a riveting machine on the seventh worktable for through connection with rivets via holes made in the heat conducting steel plate and holes in an upper part of the protective caps of the shock absorbing poles thus producing a finished heating panel of several layers combined into an integral one; and in transporting the finished panel from the eighth worktable with a transporting device.

EFFECT: ease at construction and operation, raised efficiency at fabrication of great number of multi-layer heating panels.

4 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: formation method of multi-purpose plastic panel for its being used for room heating and cooling is characterised with installation in panel of upper and lower plates one opposite another so that cavities are formed between them, and with installation of headers for arrangement of heat carrier movement in end parts of the panel. Layers of plates, which form cavities are made in the form of honeycomb cells using at least one layer, around which on external layer there formed is honeycomb cells in the form of extended functional channels using at least one layer for the purpose of their being used for arrangement of heat exchange, and to headers by means of nozzles there connected are pipelines of heating and cooling systems; at that, some part of cells of external layer are plugged on the side of heat carrier headers and to them by means of vertical channels there made is air supply and discharge line from ventilation system.

EFFECT: providing the functioning of panel both of heating and cooling systems, possibility of using the panel as independent finishing material for room finishing.

5 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: heat-insulating panel assembly includes the following: a variety of panels; the first and the second hot water supply tubes installed separately inside the panel to provide at least two hot water passages; and the first and the second connection assemblies provided in the panel for connection to a boiler or to the first and the second hot water supply tube for water circulation in the first and the second hot water supply tubes. According to the present invention, two hot water tubes provide different hot water passages inside the panel used for heating of a room.

EFFECT: improving heating efficiency; simplifying manufacture of a double structure of hot water supply tubes with improved stability to temperature variations and corrosion; possibility of choosing a configuration, a pitch and a shape of tubes without any restrictions owing to using as a tube material the thermoplastic elastomer with a polybutylene layer on inner surface, as wells reducing the diameter and length of hot water supply tubes installed in the panel, due to which thickness of the panel is reduced and the boiler load is minimised.

7 cl, 15 dwg

Heating device // 2535296

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat power industry and can be used in technologies of independent heating and hot water supply of individual houses, industrial buildings and facilities. A heating device includes an insulated housing with a furnace chamber arranged in it and provided with atomisers above which a heat exchanger with heat carrier inlet and outlet and a flue gas collector is installed. Additionally, the device is provided with a thermoelectric converter arranged in the furnace chamber, the outlet of which is connected through an in-series connected voltage inverter and a switching apparatus to a feed circuit of a delivery pump and an ozone plant connected by means of an air duct through the delivery pump to the furnace chamber.

EFFECT: invention allows reducing natural gas consumption by 15…20%, as well as considerably reducing toxicity of combustion products owing to reducing content of carbon and nitrogen oxides in them.

1 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: technical solution relates to power systems and can be used for heating of premises by accumulation of energy and its use in heated floor systems. The technical result is achieved by that in the building heating system containing the heat generating unit and heating sections designed from the pipes interconnected among themselves, located in a floor the cavity of which is filled with the liquid heat carrier, and the heat generating unit is fitted with the mains power switching unit connected to the heat carrier temperature sensor, the input branch pipe of heating sections is connected to the output branch pipe of the heat generating unit, and the output branch pipe - to the input heat generating unit, and the heat generating unit consists of an electric boiler and thermal energy storage canister or of the thermal energy storage canister with tubular electric heaters, the mains power switching unit of the heat generating unit is designed as a control unit which enables heating mode of the heat carrier at the beginning of the period of reduced rate for electric power and disables when the heat carrier is heated up to 85°C, and the input branch pipe of heating sections is connected to the output branch pipe of thermal energy storage canister through the thermostatic mixing valve connected through the pipeline with the return pipeline of heating sections..

EFFECT: technical result of the offered technical solution is depreciation of operation of heating systems.

2 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: radiator comprises horizontally heating pipes installed with extreme sections bent upwards connected by adapters. Bent sections form air cavities compensating volume of freezing water. Besides, heating pipes have heat removing ribs, which reduce their size from the middle of the pipe to its ends, which prevents radiator break with increased length of the heating pipe.

EFFECT: in case of a heating system emergency cost of emergency-recovery works reduces significantly.

1 dwg

Up!