Wind power generator plant

FIELD: engines and pump.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering and can be used for lifting water from wells and pits. Proposed plant comprises fixed base, horizontal foundation arranged to run thereon, two blades, counterweights, balance beam and pump. Every blade is fined on bar arranged in cylindrical casing to turn about its horizontal axis through 89 to 91°. Bar cylindrical casings are rigidly interjointed by horizontal shaft arranged on horizontal foundation to turn about its horizontal axis through 180° to 200° and provided with kinematic pair to transfer reciprocation to pump piston. Stabiliser represents a fin with empennage fixed on horizontal foundation, perpendicular to horizontal shaft. Counterweights are fixed on bar cylindrical casings on sides opposite to blades, while balance beam represents a weight arranged on every bar at 43° to 45° to blade plane.

EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability.

6 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to wind energy, in particular the use of wind energy for the mechanization of lifting water from wells and wells, and can be used to water livestock farms and other enterprises.

Known veronassa installation comprising a tower placed on her swivel head attached to the head petroprod is connected by a rod with the rod, resulting in action volume or subsurface pump connected to the vessel [1].

The closest to the invention is veronassa installation, includes a fixed base mounted on it can be rotated horizontal frame, blades, stabilizer balances the balancer and the pump [2].

The disadvantage of this analogy is the complexity and unreliability due to the lack of structural elements that provide protection from hurricane winds.

The objective of the proposed invention is to improve plant reliability and increase its efficiency.

The technical result is the possibility of tilting the blades in a horizontal position under strong wind gusts and swing bars with blades in the flow of the constant wind.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that in patronesses installation, comprising a stationary base is s, set it to rotate a horizontal frame, two blades, stabilizer balances the balancer and the pump according to the invention each blade is fixed on the rod is installed in the cylindrical housing can be rotated around its axis at an angle 89-91°, while the cylindrical body of the rod is rigidly connected with a horizontal shaft mounted on the horizontal frame can be rotated around its axis at an angle of 180-200°with fixed center horizontal frame kinematic pair for transmitting the reciprocating motion of the piston pump, the stabilizer is made in the form of steering with feathers, mounted on a horizontal frame perpendicular a horizontal shaft, counterweights mounted on the cylindrical housings of the rods from the sides opposite the blades, and the balancer is made in the form of cargo mounted on each rod at an angle 43-45° to the plane of the blade.

Kinematic pair can be made in the form of gears and gear racks.

The toothed rack can be connected with the piston rod of the pump and is located on the axis of rotation of the horizontal frame.

The toothed rack can be fixed from the outside of the side roller mounted on the stabilizer.

The rotation limiter on the corner of 89-91° can be made in the form of mountains, the horizontal slit, made in the cylindrical housing boom.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings, where figure 1 shows a General view patronesses installation figure 2 - view from the side gear, figure 3 is a top view, figure 4 is a view of the jib arm on one in position I (increased), figure 5 - view of the rod with the top blade in position II (increased).

Veronassa installation includes a stationary base 1, located on the ground, i.e. the center of gravity of the whole structure close to the surface of the earth and does not need the tower. On the fixed base 1 is installed with the possibility of horizontal rotation base 2. Veronassa the unit has two blades 3, the stabilizer 4, the counterweight 5, the beams 6 and the pump 7. Each blade 3 is fixed on the rod 8 that is installed in the cylindrical housing 9 can be rotated around its axis at an angle 89-91°. The cylindrical body 9 of the rod 8 are rigidly interconnected mounted on the horizontal frame 2 can be rotated around its axis at an angle of 180-200° horizontal shaft 10, having mounted on the center of the horizontal frame 2 kinematic pair 11 to transmit the reciprocating motion of the pump piston 7. The stabilizer 4 is made in the form of a wheel with wings 12, mounted on a horizontal frame 2. The counterweight 5 is fixed on the cylindrical housings 9 of the rod 8 with the parties, protivopolojnih the blades 3. Balancers 6 made in the form of goods that are installed on each rod at an angle 43-45° to the planes of the blades 3.

Kinematic pair 11 can be made in the form of gear 13 and the rack 14, which is closed outside hand roller 15 mounted on the stabilizer 4. The rotation limiter on the corner of 89-91° can be made in the form of horizontal slots 16, made in the cylindrical housing of the rod or in the form of clamps 17, mounted on the cylindrical housing 9 of the rod 8. The shaft 10 mounted in bearings 18. Rod mounted in bearings 19. Rod 8 mounted in cylindrical housings 9 on thrust bearings 20. The horizontal frame 2 mounted in bearings 21.

Veronassa installation operates as follows.

The plane of swing of the rod 8 with the blades 3 can be rotated around the axis of the horizontal shaft 10 at an angle of 180-200°, but in the original position I in a moment of calm, the plane of swing of the rod is angled 43-45° from the vertical (Zenith) in the direction against the wind. In the operating mode of the blade 3 is rotated to wind throughout his plane at a right angle and the maximum use of wind power. This situation is provided by the counterweight 5 at the lower ends of the cylindrical housings 9. When the pressure of the hurricane blade 3 is moved in the wind and turn the rod 8 around the axis of the horizontal shaft 10. the writing arc the blades 3 are moving in the wind to the Zenith, and, breaking it, they continue to deviate until the balancer 6 is rotated the rod 8 with the blades 3 by 90° around its axis. The blades 3 are rotated by an edge to the wind. Pressure on the rod 8 will decrease significantly. Article II - the beginning of a return to the original position. Counterweights 5 aim, descending, turn the rod 8 with blades 3 back to the original position I, no resistance to the wind as the blade 3 is rotated by an edge to the air flow. Reverse movement of the rod 8 under the action of counterweights 5 will continue to until the blade 3 does not cross the vertical and will not reach the initial position I. In this position, the beams 6 under the action of its gravity rotated rod 8 around its axis and the blades 3 are rotated back 90° and the whole plane will resist the wind. The air flow will put pressure on the blade 3 and to rotate the rod 8 by the wind to position II, when the beams 6 of the blade 3 is rotated by an edge to the wind.

Thus, the swing rod 8 will continue up until the wind blows. Swing rods are transferred to a horizontal shaft 10, and accordingly the pinion gear 13, and a rack 14, transmitting the reciprocating movement of the pump piston 7.

The amplitude of the oscillation depends on the strength of the wind and in the limit can reach 200°. At an inclination of 90° to the wind is from the vertical rod 8 with blades 3 lie horizontally and miss too strong gusts of wind, protecting the structure from destruction.

Sources of information

1. USSR author's certificate No. 1178932, CL. F03D 9/00, publ. 15.09.1985.

2. RF patent №2072445, CL. F03D 9/00, publ. 27.01.1997.

1. Veronassa installation, includes a fixed base mounted on it can be rotated horizontal frame, two blades, stabilizer balances the balancer and the pump, characterized in that each blade is fixed on the rod is installed in the cylindrical housing can be rotated around its axis at an angle 89-91°, while the cylindrical body of the rod is rigidly connected with a horizontal shaft mounted on the horizontal frame can be rotated around its axis at an angle of 180-200° and having a fixed center horizontal frame kinematic pair for transmitting the reciprocating motion of the piston pump, the stabilizer is made in the form steering with feathers, mounted on a horizontal frame perpendicular to a horizontal shaft, counterweights mounted on the cylindrical housings of the rods from the sides opposite the blades, and the balancer is made in the form of cargo mounted on each rod at an angle 43-45° to the plane of the blade.

2. Veronassa installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the kinematic pair is made in the form of a pinion and toothed rack.

3. Wet anacona installation according to claim 2, characterized in that the toothed rack connected to the piston rod of the pump and is located on the axis of rotation of the horizontal frame.

4. Veronassa installation according to claim 2, characterized in that the toothed rack fixed with outside side roller mounted on the stabilizer.

5. Veronassa installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the rotation limiter on the corner of 89-91° made in the form of a horizontal slit made in the cylindrical housing boom.

6. Veronassa installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the rotation limiter on the corner of 89-91° made in the form of clamps mounted on the cylindrical housing boom.



 

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