Plate for fixation of facing slabs

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: plate for fixation of facing slabs comprises back wall, shelf and pairs of tabs arranged symmetrically relative to axis of plate and made of upper and lower tabs, besides planes of upper and lower tabs are parallel to plane of back wall. Shelf is arranged in the form of bend from back wall, and pairs of tabs are arranged in the form of bends from shelf. Upper or lower tab of each pair of tabs is made of body of according lower or upper tab of the same pair of tabs, for instance by means of stamping. Shelf is arranged at a specified angle versus back wall, besides this angle depends on thickness of facing slab and radius of upper tan bending, and is set so that edge of lower end of facing slab installed on shelf adjoins plane of upper tab not below ending of upper tab bending radius.

EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability and bearing capacity of plate, manufacturability of its making, reduced material intensity and prime cost of item.

7 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, and is intended for fastening of facing plates of buildings and structures, in particular for fastening the facing plates of the outer surface of walls with ventilated facades.

Known plate for fastening of facing plates of the building described in the certificate of utility model RU 26803 U1 (M CL EV 1/74, 1/76, 1/88, 10.07.2002). This constructive solution facing slabs of buildings fixed by means of plates containing a back wall and a pair of legs comprising upper and lower legs, with the plane of the upper and lower legs parallel to the plane of the rear wall. While the tabs cut and bent from the rear of the plate, have shelves which are orthogonal to the rear wall. The disadvantages of this plate are a loose fit facing plates to the plate, including due to the bend radius of the feet, as well as lack of focus, preventing horizontal movement of the facing plate. In addition, the carrying capacity of the plate is limited because the width equal to the width of the foot. At the same time the lower part of the plate remains underutilized.

Closest to the technical nature of the proposed invention is a plate for fastening of facing plates, described in the patent DE 19901428 A1 (M Germany CL E04F 13/08). The plate includes a back wall and spaced symmetrically about the axis of the plate pair of legs comprising upper and lower legs, with the plane of the upper and lower legs parallel to the plane of the rear wall. In addition, the tabs have shelves which are orthogonal to the rear of the plate. While feet are an independent design element plate, which reduces the adaptability of its manufacture, increases the consumption of materials and the cost of the product. The disadvantages of this plate are a loose fit facing plates to the plate, including due to the bend radius of the feet, as well as lack of focus, preventing horizontal movement of the facing plate. Gapping between facing plates to the plane of the legs facing the back wall, leads to uneven loads transmitted from the facing plates to the plate. In the case of flush mount facing plates, when the foot plate is installed in the cuts in the ends of the facing plates, gapping between the surface of the feet due to the bend radius of the foot to the inner surface of the slit in the side of the facing plates can lead to the destruction of the latter, which reduces the reliability of the design. In addition, the carrying capacity of the plate is limited, since the width of the CI equal to the width of the tabs.

The aim of the invention is to remedy these disadvantages, namely the simplification of the structure, higher reliability and load bearing capacity of the plate, the technology of its production, reduce material consumption and cost of the product.

To achieve this goal the proposed plate for fastening of facing plates containing a back wall, a shelf and located symmetrically with respect to the axis of the plate pair of legs comprising upper and lower legs, with the plane of the upper and lower legs parallel to the plane of the rear wall. The regiment is made in the form of the limb from the back wall, and a pair of pads made in the form of the limb from the shelves, with the top (or bottom) of the foot of each pair of legs is made of the body corresponding to the bottom (or top) of the foot the same pair of legs, for example, by punch (nadrazi).

This embodiment of the plate simplifies its design eliminates the use of additional components (for example, for forming shelves and legs), reduces the consumption of the plates and the cost of its production, improves the reliability and load bearing capacity of the plate, including by increasing the width of the shelf (shelf width greater than the width of the foot), which is equal to the width of the plate, without additional material, and also reduces the number of technological operations at the Institute of plates and improves the manufacturability of its manufacture. Moreover, all the operations in the manufacture of the plate can be performed by stamping from sheet blanks. Optimizing the shape and dimensions of the upper and lower legs, you can further improve the reliability and load bearing capacity of the plate.

Shelf plate is located at a selected angle relative to the rear wall, and this angle depends on the thickness of the facing plate and the bend radius of the upper legs and is set so that the lower edge of the end face facing plates that are installed on the shelf, adjoined to the plane of the upper tabs below the end of the bend radius of the upper legs.

In such a constructive implementation plate is fully fit surface of the upper foot plate to the surface of the facing plates. This ensures even distribution of the load transferred from the facing plates to the plate, increasing its carrying capacity and reliability of a design, while avoiding the falling edge of the bottom side facing plates on the bend radius of the upper legs, which also increases the reliability of the design, without requiring additional material and reduces the cost of the plate.

The height of the legs, from the body which made the other foot more than the height of the other legs, and its end part has a gap, forming left and right side of the foot, while in the separation of the feet face the left and right side diluted to specified angles relative to the plane of the other legs, moreover, these angles can be based on ensuring podpruzhineny facing plates.

In this design, the plate is provided springing facing plates without additional material. The formation of a gap at the end of the top (or bottom) of the foot and breeding the resulting left and right sides of the legs at specified angles relative to the plane of the bottom (or top) of the foot does not require additional operations, as carried out simultaneously with the formation of the legs. All this improves the manufacturability of the plate and reduces its cost. Setting the angles of breeding left and right sides of the legs with the characteristics of the material from which the plate is made, it is possible to provide the required force podpruzhineny facing plates and thereby to optimize the load transmitted from the facing plates to the plate (including reducing fluctuations of facing plates when exposed to, for example, wind, pulsation, and other components of the load acting on the facade of the building), and, in turn, increase the bearing capacity and reliability of a design.

For flush mount facing plates of the legs are installed in the cuts in the ends of the facing plates. When you design, taking into account the above-informed, improved reliably the year and the carrying capacity of the plate, technology of its production, reduce material consumption and cost of the product.

When visible fastening the ends of the facing plates are installed on the shelf between the rear wall and the surface of the pads, turned towards the back wall. This shelf has a gap along the axis of symmetry of the plate, and the width of the gap is larger than the width of the vertical seam between the tiles, and the released material plates from the area of the shelf break is a continuation of the back wall.

This embodiment design provides a parallel plane plate location facing plates and eliminates uneven loading pads installed along the top and bottom faces of the facing plate and the cladding plate, and thereby increases the reliability of the design. This increases the area (without additional material) of the rear wall and, therefore, the bearing capacity and durability of the plate. In addition, the use of material from the gap shelves do not require additional process steps in the manufacture of the plate. All this improves manufacturability and reduces the cost of the plate.

Preferably on the rear wall to perform a punch to podpruzhineny facing plates and a snug fit.

In this case, the efficiency of p is prinimaya facing plates and the density of their adhesion increases and, therefore, improves the manufacturability of the Assembly facing plates and the operating characteristics of the design. It does not require additional costs for the material to perform a punch, banana facing the stove, as well as additional process steps for their implementation, which improves the manufacturability of the plate and reduces its cost.

Not less preferably, an end portion of the legs had a limb away from the rear wall side.

This solution simplifies the process of installation of facing plates, eliminates the need for mechanical impact on the foot plate during installation and increases the reliability of the design at a relatively high-tech manufacturing and low cost.

We recommend that the axis of symmetry of the plate between the pairs of legs to perform the focus of a given height, for example, by cutting from the back wall or shelf, for fixing the movement of the facing plate in the horizontal direction.

The presence of the stop provides uniform distribution of loads from adjacent horizontally facing plates on a pair of legs of the plate that, in turn, increase its bearing capacity and reliability. To run the stops do not need to attract additional material, and that the additional technological operations (for example, stops can be made by stamping simultaneously with the formation of the shelves and the legs of the plate). This increases the manufacturability of the plate and decreases the cost of the product.

Other objectives and advantages of the invention will become clearer from the following specific embodiments thereof and the drawings, where

figure 1 shows a plate for fixing of tiles ("plate") with different variants of execution of the tabs;

figure 2 shows embodiments of the shelf plate, and accommodation options facing plates on the plate;

figure 3 shows embodiments of the feet plate with a gap;

figure 4 shows options podpruzhineny facing plates;

figure 5 shows an embodiment of a shelf with a break in the symmetry axis of the plate;

figure 6 depicts accommodation facing plates on the supporting profiles ventilated facade on the outer surface of the building wall using a plate for fixing of tiles;

figure 7 shows a plate with a punch to podpruzhineny facing plates;

on Fig shows a plate with a stop for fixing the movement of the facing plate in the horizontal direction.

Plate 1 for mounting the facing plates ("plate") in figure 1 includes a back wall 2, shelf 3 and located americna about the axis of the plate pairs 4, 5 feet, consisting of the top 4', 5' and the bottom 4”, 5” feet, and the plane of the top 4', 5' and the bottom 4”, 5” feet parallel to the plane of the rear wall 2. Regiment 3 made in the form of the limb from the back wall 2 and pair 4, 5 feet is made in the form of the limb from the shelf 3. The top 4', 5' (figure 1, a) or the bottom 4”, 5” (figure 1, b) foot of each pair 4, 5 pads made of the body corresponding to the lower 4”, 5” (figure 1, a) or the upper 4', 5' (figure 1, b) feet of the same pair 4, 5 feet, for example, by punch (nadrazi).

All operations of manufacturing plates 1 can be performed, for example, by stamping from sheet blanks, which provides high technology of its manufacture and relatively low cost of the product. The width of the shelf 3 is equal to the width of the plate 1, which determines the high bearing capacity of the plate 1 and the reliability of the design.

Shelf 3 is located at a selected angle α1 (figure 2, a), α2 (2, b) relative to the rear wall 2, and this angle depends on the thickness of facing plate 6 and the bending radius R1 (figure 2, a), R2 (2, b) upper 4', 5' paws and is set so that the edge 7 of the bottom side facing plates 6 mounted on the shelf 3, adjoined to the plane of the upper legs 4', 5' is not below the end of the bend radius R1 (figure 2, a), R2 (2 b) the top 4', 5' paws.

As can be seen from the drawings, in figure 2, the angle α1, α2 should be given more at large the m bend radius R1, R2 and with less thickness of facing plate 6.

When you design provides a complete seal surface 4', 5' feet to the surface facing the plate 6, and also ensures uniform distribution of horizontal loads transmitted from the facing plates 6 to the plate 1, thereby increasing the bearing capacity and reliability. In addition, this solution allows to reduce the required width of cut in the side of the facing plate 6 (the amount of bend radius R1, R2) with hidden mount (figure 2, a) and, hence, increase its durability, reliability and design.

Also proposed in plate 1 (see figure 3) height feet 4”, 5”, of the body which made the other foot, 4', 5', is greater than the height of the other legs 4', 5', and its end part has a gap (see figure 3, a), forming a left 4״l, 5״l and right 4״p, 5״p part of the foot, in the place of the break pads 4”, 5” ends of the left and right side diluted at a given angle β relative to the plane of the other of the legs 4', 5', and the angle β is set on the basis of ensuring podpruzhineny facing plates.

The left and right side legs can be diluted at a different angle (see figure 3, b), with the breeding of only the left or right side of the tabs at a given angle relative to the plane of each is th feet. The corners of the breeding left and right side tabs depend on the characteristics of the material from which the plate is made, and the required effort to podpruzhineny facing plates.

In the proposed plate 1 springing facing plates 6 is provided without requiring additional material and additional technological operations. The formation of the gap and breeding left and right parts of the legs is performed simultaneously with the formation of the legs, for example, when performing the operation of stamping. All this improves the manufacturability of the plate and reduces its cost. Setting the angles of breeding left and right parts of the foot, provide the desired force podpruzhineny facing plates. Thus it is possible to eliminate fluctuations of facing plates and optimize the load transferred from them to the plate, and, consequently, to increase the bearing capacity and reliability of a design. In addition, by changing the angles of breeding left and right sides of the legs of the plate may be adjusted, for example, the position of facing plates ventilated facade of the building, providing the specified requirements for its flatness.

When a hidden fastening of facing plates 6 (see figure 2, and; 4) feet 4', 5', 4”, 5” established in cuts made in the ends of the facing plates 6.

When visible mounting(see 2, b; 4, b; 5) the ends of the facing plates 6 are mounted on the shelf 3 between the rear wall 2 and the surface of the legs 4, 5 facing the rear wall 2. When this regiment 3 (see figure 5) has a gap along the axis of symmetry of the plate 1, and the width of the gap (a) greater than the width of the vertical seam (b) between the tiles 6 (see Fig.6), and the released material plate 8 from the gap 3 shelves (see figure 5) is a continuation of the rear wall 2.

This technical solution provides a parallel plane plate 1 (the plane of the rear wall 2) the location of the facing plates 6 (see figure 5, b) and eliminates the uneven loading of the upper 4', 5' and the bottom 4”, 5” legs, both facing plates 6 and, consequently, increases the reliability of the design. It does not require additional material and additional technological operations in the manufacture of plates, for example, by stamping. This improves manufacturability and reduces the cost of the plate.

On the rear wall 2 of the plate can be performed punch 9 (see Fig.7, a) for podpruzhineny facing plates 6 and a snug fit. This solution, along with the implementation of the specified angles breeding left and right parts of the legs 4', 5' or 4”, 5”, increases the efficiency of podpruzhineny facing plates 6 and the density of their pile the project. This ensures the safety (invariance) exhibited during installation (see Fig.6) joint width (b) between the facing plates 6 and improves the operating characteristics of the design. For the implementation of the punch 9 (see Fig.7, a) does not require the additional costs of material and additional technological operations, which provides a high manufacturability plate and reduces its cost.

End parts of the legs 4, 5 can have limb 10 (see Fig.7, b) in the direction opposite from the rear wall 2 side. This solution simplifies the process of mounting the facing plates 6, eliminates the need for mechanical impact on the legs 4, 5 when mounting the facing plates 6 and, consequently, increases the reliability of the design.

Axis of symmetry of the plate between the pairs of legs 4 and 5 (see Fig) can be made the focus 11 of a given height, for example, by cutting from the back wall 2 (see Fig, a) or 3 shelves (see Fig, b) for fixing the movement of tiles in the horizontal direction. These lugs 11 provide the necessary width of the bead (b) between the tiles 6 (see Fig.6) both during installation and during operation. Stops 11 (see Fig) are performed without requiring additional material and do not require additional process steps in the manufacture of the plate (for example, stops may bitmapand for stamping simultaneously with the formation of a shelf or legs of the plate).

Thus, the invention allows to simplify the design, increase reliability and load bearing capacity of the plate, the manufacturability of its manufacture, to reduce the consumption of materials and the cost of the product.

1. Plate for fastening of facing plates containing a back wall, a shelf and located symmetrically with respect to the axis of the plate pair of legs comprising upper and lower legs, with the plane of the upper and lower legs parallel to the plane of the rear wall, wherein the shelf is made in the form of the limb from the back wall, and a pair of pads made in the form of the limb from the shelf, and the upper or lower leg of each pair of legs is made from the body of the corresponding lower or upper legs of the same pair of legs, for example, by punch (nadrazi), while the shelf is placed at a selected angle relative to the back wall and this angle depends on the thickness of the facing plate and the bend radius of the upper legs and is set so that the lower edge of the end face facing plates that are installed on the shelf, adjoined to the plane of the upper tabs below the end of the bend radius of the upper legs.

2. Plate according to claim 1, characterized in that the height of the legs, from the body which made the other foot more than the height of the other legs, and its end part has a gap, forming left and right side legs, break the legs the ends of the left and right side diluted to specified angles relative to the plane of the other legs, moreover, these angles can be based on ensuring podpruzhineny facing plates.

3. Plate according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the legs are installed in the cuts in the ends of the facing plates, providing them with concealed fixing.

4. Plate according to claim 1, characterized in that the ends of the facing plates are installed on the shelf between the rear wall and the surface of the pads, turned towards the back wall, this shelf has a gap along the axis of symmetry of the plate, and the width of the gap is larger than the width of the vertical seam between the tiles, and the released material plates from the area of the shelf break is a continuation of the back wall.

5. Plate according to claim 4, characterized in that the rear wall is made punch for podpruzhineny facing plates and a snug fit.

6. Plate according to claim 4, characterized in that the end parts of the legs have the limb in the direction opposite from the rear wall side.

7. Plate according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the axis of symmetry of the plate between the pairs of legs are made the focus of a given height, for example, by cutting from the back wall or shelf, for fixing the movement of the facing plate in the horizontal direction.



 

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