SUBSTANCE: dredge consists of pontoon, working element, loading chute, dredging barrel, concentrating equipment, unloading chute, pebble stacker and eofel stacks. Also pebble stacker is installed on the pontoon and is designed to rotate in horizontal plane, while tail parts of eofel stacks are designed to rotate in horizontal plane.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of placer development with dredges and reduced losses of mineral in inter-pass massifs.
The invention relates to mining equipment, namely, devices for the development of placer deposits of minerals dredging method.
Known Draga containing the pontoon, the working body (bucket frame with bucket chain), boot tray, dredging the barrel (drum screen), mineral processing equipment, the discharge tray, tape pebble spreader and Eveline deck (see Vgisc. Theory and practice of development placers mnogozachatkovye dredges. - M.: Nedra", 1980 - s).
The rock mass coming in dredging the barrel of the bucket chain through the loading tray, after disintegration and screening is divided into two size class: +16 -16 mm and mm Class -16 mm, passing through the processing equipment arrives on Eveline deck and later in athelny blade. Class +16 mm through the discharge tray is fed to the tape pebble spreader and then to pebble pile. Rigid mount evalnih and gravel spreaders is the cause of what is happening padding the sides of the dredging cut epilinum and pebble dumps. As a result, when the dredge mutually opposite passages (as it happens in most cases) are formed miodowy pillars (figure 3), the loss of sand which can be more than 10% (according to Vgisc).
The technical result of the image the program is to increase the efficiency of development of placer mining dredges and reducing loss of the mineral in mihalovich the pillars.
The technical result is achieved by the fact that Draga, including pontoon, working body, boot tray, dredging the barrel, mineral processing equipment, the discharge tray, gravel spreader and Eveline deck, characterized in that the pebble spreader is installed on the pontoon can be rotated in a horizontal plane, and the tail part evalnih decks made with the possibility of rotation in the horizontal plane.
Before you begin Draghi produce rotation in the horizontal plane of the spreader pebble and evalnih decks in the direction opposite to the direction of testing the following Zachodni (tape), to the desired angle. This will not happen to the bedding (or it will be minimal) dumps the side of the section, subject to subsequent testing. During the reverse course Draghi appears possible to develop Zachodni without leaving mihalovich pillars, i.e. without loss of the mineral.
Figure 1 shows Draga, figure 2 is a top view of figure 1, where 1 is the pontoon, 2 bucket frame with bucket chain, 3 - boot tray, 4 - dredging barrel, 5 - mineral processing equipment, 6 - discharge tray, 7 - tape pebble spreader, 8 - Eveline deck, 9 - rotary platform pebble the spreader, 10 - ropes, 11 - winch, 12 - rotary part evalnih Colo is.
Figure 3 shows the scheme of education methodologi pillar, where 13 - move straight Draghi, 14 - pebble blade, 15 - athelny blade, 16 - methodology pillar, 17 - reverse Draghi.
The dredge operates as follows. Before developing a new Zachodni produce rotation in the horizontal plane pebble the spreader 7 and evalnih decks 8 in the direction opposite to the direction of testing the following zagadki, to the desired angle. Turn pebble the spreader 7 is carried out using winches 11 and the rope 10, the turning tail evalnih decks 8 is performed using the rotary device 12, based on the known rotary mechanisms (hydraulic, mechanical, and others). When developing dredge Zachodni 13 mountain mass of the bucket chain 2 comes in dredging the barrel 4 through the feeding tray 3, where it after integration and screening is divided into two classes according to the size: +16 -16 mm and mm Class -16 mm, passing through the processing equipment 5, is fed to Eveline deck 8 and later in athelny the blade 15. Class +16 mm from dredging the barrel 4 through the discharge tray 6 is supplied to the tape pebble spreader 7 and later in pebble blade 14. Due to the fact that pebble spreader 7 and aft evalnih decks 8 is rotated in the horizontal plane in the direction opposite to the direction of the development of the next Zachodni 17, to the desired angle, is excluded padding the sides of the next zagadki and reverse the course Draghi 17 there is a possibility of development of zagadki without leaving mihalovich pillars 16, i.e. without loss of the mineral.
Draga, including pontoon, working body, boot tray, dredging the barrel, mineral processing equipment, the discharge tray, gravel spreader and Eveline deck, characterized in that the pebble spreader is installed on the pontoon can be rotated in a horizontal plane, and the tail part evalnih decks made with the possibility of rotation in the horizontal plane.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is related to underground production of minerals, and may be used in mining industry. Method for selective sampling and preliminary concentration of ferromanganese burrs includes displacement of getting device to the bottom, capturing burrs at the bottom, their transportation with the help of drum to zone of unloading and supply to hopper. Besides underpressure zone is created at drum shell, where ferromanganese burrs are captured, retained and transported to the area of underpressure zone ending, with further unloading to hopper under their gravity force. Device for method realisation comprises above-water floating facility, transporting element, bottom getting device in the form of drum. Getting device is arranged with longitudinal grooves at external surface of drum, having through holes at the ends of grooves. Shell with through cone-shaped holes evenly arranged along their whole surface and oriented with their base outwards is installed on drum. Holes are proportionate to captured concentrate. Drum is installed on side disks displaced relative to end to its centre, and is fixed on support table. Immobile header is rigidly connected to support table, and the header has shape of sector equal to 3/4 of circumference and is oriented symmetrically relative to horizontal axis in direction opposite to motion. Header is installed inside drum, between its end and side disk, and in zone of contact with surface of drum, there is an elastic low-friction coating on header. Support table is installed on vertical hydraulic cylinders mounted on skis. On skis there is also a hopper arranged in the form of truncated cone and electric motor in oil bath with pump connected to header by means of nozzle network.
EFFECT: elimination of direct dependence of efficiency on width of buckets, elimination of dead rock lift, production of nonmagnetic minerals, improvement environmental condition in zone of ferromanganese burrs deposits development.
2 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: submerged extractive instrument includes bottom mining aggregate, containing taking-out modules, installed by means of force-summing element - frames on durable suction flue, fixed on submerged bearing, and bottom bearing-chair. Taking-out modules are installed on bottom ends of force frames, installed movable around and lengthways durable vertical suction flue, fixed on submerged hydraulic mounting with regulated positive and negative flotation ability. Frames and taking-out modules are connected to drives with ability of movement and turn in vertical plane and stepping turn around vertical suction flue, and also regulated movement and turn of taking-out modules relative to frames. Bottom bearing-chair consists of vertical suction flue with fixed on its bottom end reference element. Operation method of extractive instrument is in development with loosening and raking of solid mass of minerals by means of movement of taking-out modules by developed surface with turn under angle of slope to it. Development is implemented on protected by screen circular surface area. Movements of taking-out modules is implemented in radial directions from suction flue to periphery - at loosening and in opposite direction - at raking into latticed container with simultaneous crushing of solid particles against webbing of its lattice, and with periodic stepping turn of them around suction flue.
EFFECT: increase of effectiveness, reliability and environmental safety of production works implementation.
15 cl, 24 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for bottom sediment (silt) removal from water pools and for underwater development of mineral resources (sapropel) and bulk materials (sand, gravel, gold placers). Aggregate for bottom sediment removal from pools and underwater development of mineral resources includes bottom sediment conveying device mounted on floating medium and consisting of cylinder linked to pipe string, hollow piston installed inside the cylinder, linked to bar string and featuring channel with funnel-shaped section widening towards intake end and closed by shutoff valve. The floating medium carries conveyor device drive maintaining reciprocal movement of bar string. Aggregate is equipped with V-shaped cutter attached to aggregate opposite of aggregate course direction and serving for cutting mineral deposit layer and concentrating it at intake area. Filter with brushes and rods is attached to the cylinder to prevent large particles from penetrating under valve.
EFFECT: enhanced friability of caked mineral deposits, extended functional capacity and producing efficiency of aggregate.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydraulic mechanisation and can be implemented at development of placers of minerals of high density in underwater working faces. The scraper-suction screen of the dredger consists of a pipeline and of a suction head with the screen. The screen contains a rigid disk with radial slits and a central impermeable circle. Each radial slit is connected to the suction head with a leak proof channel of alternate shape in cross section, also total area of radial slits does not exceed area of cross section of the suction head. The suction head is equipped with a rotation drive. Scraper blades with cutting edge and stiffening ribs set off relative to axes of radial slits at angle of 20-25° are assembled on the rigid disk below between radial slits.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of development of placer sands and reduced losses of valuable components of high density.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydro-mechanised complexes for extracting concretions from sea bottom. The complex for extraction of concretions consists of a base vessel, of a pulp pump with suction and outlet branches, of a pressure pipeline connected with the outlet and suction branches by means of flanges, and of a perforated branch with dimension of holes equal to a minimal size of extracted concretions. Also the pressure pipeline is directed vertically, while its above water part is pivotally secured on the end of a derricking jib of a swing crane by means of a sleeve; the swing crane is arranged on the base vessel and is designed to lift and lower the pressure pipeline and also to transfer it in horizontal plane. The upper part of the pipe line is connected to a concretion receiving capacity by means of a flexible hose. Four pontoons of a cylinder shape are arranged on the middle part of the pipeline symmetrically relative to its lengthwise axis and along it; the pontoons are designed to be filled with water and to be blown off with compressed air. Also the pontoons are arranged on the pipeline between the flanges secured on the latter; the pontoons are connected between them and pressed to the pipeline by means of flexible bands. Cantilever swinging framework kinematically tied to its swing drive is assembled on the lower section of the pipeline; this framework is designed to rotate relative to the pipeline in horizontal plane. Two blades symmetrically located relative to the suction branch are secured to the framework from below; the blades rest on the water area bottom, grab concretions and transfer concretions to the suction branch. Notably, each of blades is made with a horizontal lower edge in cross section; an inclined part of the blade adjoins the lower edge and forms an acute angle, the vertex of which is directed to the side of blade motion; an upper horizontal edge adjoins the inclined part and is connected to it with a curvilinear section. Value of acute angle is accepted less, than the angle of friction in pair of concretion with host rock that is internal surface of the lower edge and the inclined part. In plane view each blade is profiled along logarithmic spiral with a pole coinciding with the axis of the suction branch; the external relative to the suction branch edge of the blade and its lower edge are bent to the direction of framework swing, while the blade adjoins the suction branch with a minimal circular gap in plane view. The suction branch is made in form of a truncated cone expanding downward. The concretion receiving capacity is made in form of an inclined sieve grate, wherefrom dehydrated concretions are reloaded into movable containers; a sump is assembled under the sieve grate.
EFFECT: decreased cost and simplification of design and facilitating part load mode of concretions extraction.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: transportation; pipeline.
SUBSTANCE: device for production of burrs includes basic vessel, sludge pump with suction and discharge nozzles, discharge pipeline, which is connected by flanges with outlet nozzle and discharge pipeline. At that sizes of perforated nozzle openings are accepted as equal to minimum size of produced burrs. Discharge pipeline is oriented vertically. Above-part of pipeline with the help of cartridge is hingedly fixed at the end of derricking rib of rotary crane installed on basic vessel, with the possibility of discharge pipeline lifting and lowering, and also its displacement in horizontal plane. Upper part of pipeline is connected by flexible hose to receiving facility for burrs. On lower part of pipeline cantilever rotary truss is installed in horizontal plane with the possibility of rotation relative to it. Truss is kinematically connected to drive of its rotation. On lower parts of truss, which are symmetrically oriented relative to pipeline, two channels of cylindrical shape cross section are fixed parallel to each other. Horizontally oriented augers equipped with drives of their rotation are installed in channels in bearings. Augers are installed so that they may grasp burrs from water area bottom and shift burrs to suction nozzle of discharge pipeline. Every groove covers auger on top with clearance, on one side on arc of 180 degrees, and on the other side - at 90 degrees. At that larger arc is installed from the side that is opposite to direction of truss rotation. Longitudinal axes of augers in plan are installed on both sides from pipeline axis at the same distance from it on truss parts that are opposite relative to pipeline. Channels of augers are connected to suction nozzle, which is arranged in the form of truncated cone that widens down. Every channel from the side opposite to direction of truss rotation is arranged with slot cuts arranged one behind another along channel length with their lift with bend upwards to the side of suction nozzle and channel overlapping along height equal to auger diametre. Width of slot cuts is accepted as less than minimum size of burrs commercial grain. At that length of every slot cut measured along channel length is accepted as more than step of auger vanes helical surface. Receiving facility for burrs is arranged in the form of inclined fire grate with the possibility to load dehydrated burrs from it into movable containers. Sump is installed under fire grate.
EFFECT: simplification and cheapening of device design and provision of partial load mode for burrs.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: production processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed complex relates to hydromechanical complexes designed to extract concretions from sea floor. The proposed complex comprises station ship, pulp pump with inlet and outlet branch pipes, pressure pipeline flange-joined with outlet branch pipe and perforated branch pipe. Note here that the perforated branch pipe holes are taken to equal the minimum sizes of extracted concretions. The pressure pipeline is arranged vertically. The pipeline surface part is hinged to the end of the rotary crane lifting jib to up and down the said pipeline and to move it horizontally. The pipeline top part is connected, via a flexible hose, with concretion receiving device. There are four cylindrical pontoons located at the pipeline medium part symmetrically to its lengthwise axis that can be filled with water and air flushed. Note here that these pontoons are arranged on the pipeline between its flanges and pressed thereto with the help of flexible retainer rings. A cantilever rotary frame is arranged on the pipeline lower part to rotate about it in horizontal plane, articulated to its drive. Two vertical cross section blades are attached, from below, to the frame in symmetry with suction branch pipe to rest of sea surface floor, to grip concretions and move to the suction branch pipe. Every blade profile represents a logarithmic spiral with its pole aligned with the suction branch pipe axis. Note that the blade outer, relative to suction branch pipe, and inner edges are bent out towards the frame rotational direction. The blade adjoins the suction branch pipe with a minimum circular gap. The suction branch pipe represents a tapered cone widening downward. The concretion receiving device represents an inclined feed grate designed to receive dehydrated concretions to be placed into containers. There is a sump located under the said feed grate.
EFFECT: simpler and chipper design, atraumatic extraction.
4 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: installation for extraction of concretion consists of base vessel, of sludge pump with suction and outlet branches, and of pressure pipeline connected by means of flange with outlet branch. Also sizes of openings of a perforated branch are accepted as equal to minimal size of extracted concretions. The pressure pipeline is directed vertically. By means of a cartridge the above water part of the pipeline is hinged on the end of the lifting jib of the swing crane assembled on the base vessel; the pressure pipeline is intended to be lifted, lowered and displaced in horizontal plane. The upper part of the pipeline is connected with a concretion receiving facility by means of a flexible hose. A cantilever swivel framework is arranged on the lower part of the pipeline and is designed to rotate relative to the pipeline in horizontal plane. Kinematically the framework is connected with the drive of its rotation. Vertically oriented in cross section and symmetrically arranged relative to the suction branch two blades are secured to the framework from below; the blades are designed to rest on the bottom of water area, to grip concretions and to transfer them to the suction branch. Each of blades is profiled in plane along logarithmic spiral with pole coinciding with the axis of the suction branch. Also an external relative to the suction branch edge of the blade and its lower edge are bent to the side of the framework rotation. The blade adjoins the suction branch with a minimal gap in plane. Parametres of logarithmic spiral defining profile of each blade are chosen from ratio: φ-1 ln(ρ a-1)<f, where φ - is instantaneous angular coordinate, rad, ρ - is instantaneous radius, m, a -scale factor equal to ratio of linear and angular rates at logarithmic spiral profile plotting, m, f - is coefficient of sliding friction of concretion with host rock along internal surface of the blade. The suction branch is made in form of a truncated cone expanding downward. The concretion receiving facility is made in form of an inclined grid iron where from free from water concretions are reloaded to movable containers, while under the grid iron there is located a sump.
EFFECT: simplification and reduction in cost of structure of complex and facilitation of partial load mode of concretions extraction.
5 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: complex for extracting concretions from sea bottom consists of base and auxiliary floating vessels kinematically connected by means of flexible elements. A doubled driven block is installed on the swivel platform of the base floating vessel, while a doubled deflecting block is installed on the auxiliary floating vessel; the driven and deflecting blocks interact with two flexible elements. Between them on the flexible elements perforated containers are arranged; the containers have rectangular cross section with cutting edges from the side of a receiving opening. The concretion receiving opening is located on the base floating vessel. The flexible elements are made in form of closed in vertical plane laminated links. The containers are arranged on the links equally spaced along their length. The deflecting blocks on the auxiliary floating vessel are driven and, similar to the base floating vessel, are installed on the platform swiveling in horizontal plane. Containers on the laminar links are secured by means of hinges. Also on sea bottom the axis of the hinge of each container is set off relative to the center of container weight into the side of its receiving opening in horizontal plane and to the side of the upper edge of the container in vertical plane. Additionally, lower strand of links is intended to rest on the sea bottom. A guiding bar incurved upward is located under strands of the flexible elements running down from the doubled driven block; containers after their descending off the driven block interact with the guiding bar. A concretion receiving facility is made in form of inclined perforated chute placed between tight and slack strands of flexible elements moving around the driven block. Nozzles, supplying clean water under pressure into the chute, are arranged over the chute, while under the chute and with a gap there is installed a trough for withdrawing water with slime particles.
EFFECT: raised efficiency at increased depth of concretions bedding.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: oil and gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to hydro-mechanized assemblies for extracting burs from sea bottom. Assembly for extracting burs consists of a base vessel, of a sludge pump with suction and outlet branches, and of a pressurising pipeline connected with the outlet branch by means of a flange; also dimensions of openings of the perforated branch are accepted as equal to a minimal dimension of extracted burs. The pressurising pipeline is directed vertically. By means of a socket sleeve the above-water part of the pipeline is pivotally secured to the end of a derricking jib of a revolving crane assembled on the base vessel so, that the pressurising pipeline can be lowered, lifted and displaced in a horizontal plane. The upper part of the pipeline is connected with a bur receiving capacity by means of a flexible hose. An overhung rotary frame is arranged on the lower part of the pipeline and is designed to rotate relative to the pipeline in a horizontal plane. The frame is kinematically connected to a drive of rotation. Two chutes of a cylinder in cross-section shape and parallel to each other are arranged on the lower parts of the frame symmetrically directed relative to the pipeline. Horizontally pointed screws equipped with drives of their rotation are installed on bearings in the chutes. The screws are designed to grab burs from the bottom of a water area and to transfer them to the suction branch of the pressurising pipeline. Each chute with a gap envelopes screw from atop on arc of 180 degrees from one side and on arc of 90 degrees from another. The bigger arc is placed from the side opposite to the direction of frame rotation. In plane lengthwise axes of screws are located on both sides from the axis of the pipeline at an equal distance from this axis on opposite parts of the frame relative to the pipeline. The chutes of the screws are connected with the suction branch, which is made in form of a truncated cone expanding downward. The bur receiving capacity is made in form an inclined grid, where from free from water burs are reloaded to movable containers. A sump is installed under the grid.
EFFECT: simplification and reduction in cost of assembly design, increased efficiency and facilitation of partial load mode of burs extraction.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction, road engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to equipment for excavation, loosening and shifting of soil, in particular, to underwater soil-excavating devices intended for usage by dives during ship-raising underwater-technical and hydrotechnical works. Device for underwater excavation comprises serially connected drain nozzle for pulp removal, diffuser, mixing chamber with confusor and distribution chamber with nozzle for supply of working fluid. Device is equipped with jacket of working fluid supply connected to nozzle of working liquid supply, along perimeter of which hollow cylinders are installed, internal surface of which has threaded joints with active jet-directing nozzles. At that device is equipped with pipe for compressed air supply, and in mixing chamber in transverse plane along circumference holes are arranged, which communicate through annular jacket with pipe of compressed air supply. Internal surface of mixing chamber is arranged with alternating section, diametre of which is increased to the side of diffuser with creation of three ejection zones, and nozzle for supply of working fluid has tappings connected via ball valves to jacket of working liquid supply and with mentioned ejection zones in mixing chamber. Jet-directing nozzles are located at sharp angle to axis of confusor suction hole.
EFFECT: provision of ejection process control depending on soil type, increased convenience of operation during underwater excavation, increased velocity of pulp, lower abrasive wear of internal wall of mixing chamber.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to hydraulic mechanisation, production of sapropel, clay, development of silts. Dredger suction head comprises axial dredging pump with auger working element equipped with slot nozzles installed on its hub between helical ribs and joined to header of lubricating medium. Helical ribs are arranged in the form of separate segments, between which additional nozzles are installed with the possibility to create layer of lubricating liquid on side surfaces of segments, connected to header of lubricating liquid.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of suction head.
5 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to development of connate gravel deposits of solid minerals, particularly beach deposits of shelf. The method of development of connate water-flooded placers consists in preliminary concentration of useful component of sands in a lower part of the placer by means of excitation of elastic vibration and in successive stopped excavation. A tubular casing is introduced into the placer; the height of the casing exceeds the distance from the surface to the raft of the placer, excitation of elastic vibration in placer sands is performed by means of their transmission from surface via the tubular casing. Further a compressive force onto contacting surface, covering volume of empty material, is exerted from the side of interior surface of the casing. Then lower part of placer is hydraulically excavated by means of supply of washing water through nozzles arranged at walls of the tubular casing; pulp is withdrawn through soil draw-off apertures made at walls of the tubular casing between nozzles. Also after completion of excavation of lower part of the placer, pressure onto the surface, covering volume of empty material contacting with interior surface of the casing, is dropped to zero. When the cavity of the casing has been filled to a level corresponding to a ground level, the casing is pulled off.
EFFECT: increased selective extraction.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to loose ground mining devices, and can be used for deep alluvial deposits of hard mineral resources, and mainly coastal shelf deposits. Alluvial mining device includes a body with a suction connection pipe and with scouring atomisers connected with a discharge cavity. Body is made in the form of a tubular shell the height of which exceeds the distance from surface to rim rock, and lateral dimensions of the body do not exceed a double action radius of scouring atomisers. Body cross section is square-shaped, at that scouring atomisers are arranged on the sides of the square, and suction connection pipes are located at its angles. Body is equipped at least with one vibrator. Internal wall of the body is equipped with a device forming a force impact which is perpendicular to internal surface of the body; device is made in the form of a hollow torus-shaped shell attached to internal surface of the body and equipped with the device changing pressure in the shell cavity, mostly with a reversible hydraulic pump.
EFFECT: providing the possibility of removing loose materials, and maintaining a vertical position of the resulting cavity walls.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: mining engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method includes reagent solution feeding in section for outside water bleaching, given for washing. At that outside water is divided in elementary fluent. Separate fluids are intermixing with reagent and unite them into common flow. Result is achieved by means of by fluids reagent feeding and more intensive mixing of flow with reagent.
EFFECT: effectiveness improvement of flocculation.
FIELD: fixed constructions.
SUBSTANCE: drag head comprises a jet pump, force and suction lines, replaceable angle inserts, that allow changing the jet pump tilt angle and are disposed between said lines and jet pump, and quick-release flanged connections disposed between the jet pump and inserts. On the ends of the replaceable angle inserts there are brackets that are articulated to one another to ensure lifting the front end of the jet pump. The articulations are arranged coaxially and directly above the flanged connections.
EFFECT: increasing the jet pump performance in shallow depth earthwork operations; reducing the labour coefficient for its servicing.
FIELD: mining, particularly development of sand-and-gravel and placer deposit with hydraulic dredges.
SUBSTANCE: method involves creating hydraulic mix with flow-rate exceeding suction means of hydraulic dredge; condensing hydraulic mix in condensing-and-separation device and separating the hydraulic mix into condensed and settled portions; delivering condensed portion into suction means of hydraulic dredge; returning settled portion to mine face. Device for described method realization comprises suction means of hydraulic dredge, socking head, pipeline and pump for hydraulic mix forming and supply from mine face. Device also has attachment system including independent socking head, condensation-and-separation device and outlet to discharge settled portion into sump.
EFFECT: increased output, possibility of initial material refinement and extended mining depth.
16 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: mining, particularly equipment to produce high-viscous sapropel from drainless water body.
SUBSTANCE: sapropel production complex comprises floatation device and sapropel entrainment and transportation means made as scraper conveyer with two horizontal and inclined sections. Conveyer end is located in productive sapropel mass and is suspended from floats by means of flexible members. Conveyer head is supported by bank and adapted to unload sapropel from conveyer into bunker. Horizontal sections of upper load-bearing conveyer branch are arranged in opened guiding chute section. Lower idle branch thereof is located in sealed guiding chute section. Load-bearing branch of inclined conveyer section is in sealed guiding chute. Lower end of sealed guiding chute is submersed in productive sapropel mass, upper one is located over water body surface. The guiding chute is made as pipe cuts connected with each other and provided with panels diametrically fixed inside the pipes. The panels separate load-bearing and idle branches. Pipe cuts in scraper conveyer end are provided with slots made in pipe cut tops. Pipe cuts are connected with each other by means of round-link members installed in loops. The loops are connected from above to adjacent pipe cuts. Each joint is provided with elastic yoke enclosing the joint. Free yoke ends are connected with each other by tightening screw from above. Adjacent pipe cuts are spaced apart. End part of scraper conveyer end has anchoring device.
EFFECT: simplified structure, possibility of scraper conveyer part to be submersed in sapropel mass bending in horizontal and vertical planes during sapropel excavation, improved complex maneuverability and sapropel extraction completeness.
FIELD: mining, particularly equipment to produce high-viscous sapropel from drainless water body.
SUBSTANCE: sapropel production complex comprises floatation device and sapropel entrainment and transportation means made as scraper conveyer with two horizontal and inclined sections. Conveyer end is located in productive sapropel mass and is suspended from floats by means of flexible members. Conveyer head is supported by bank and adapted to unload sapropel from conveyer into bunker. Horizontal sections of upper load-bearing conveyer branch are arranged in opened guiding chute section. Lower idle branch thereof is located in sealed guiding chute section. Load-bearing branch of inclined conveyer section is in sealed guiding chute. Lower end of sealed guiding chute is submersed in productive sapropel mass, upper one is located over water body surface. The guiding chute is made of several sections, which are dissymmetrical with reference to dividing panel and connected from tops and bottoms to the dividing panel. Flanges are provided with sealing gaskets.
EFFECT: simplified structure, decreased labor inputs for complex setting-up during complex assemblage.
FIELD: dredgers, soil-shifting machines with arrangements acting by a sucking or forcing effect, for instance suction dredgers.
SUBSTANCE: research bench comprises drag-chain loop provided with drive and closed in vertical plane. The drag-chain loop has separable load-carrying and idle branches which may pass over driving and reversing sprockets. The bench also has vertically fixed guiding gutter secured to support member. The guiding gutter with load-carrying branch of drag-chain loop arranged in it is connected to bottom of chamber to be filled with sapropel mass. The chamber is made as triangular prism having vertically directed bases. One reversing sprocket is located inside the chamber, another idle sprocket and driving sprocket are arranged over upper chamber surface. The gutter is located on one side prism wall, which defines chamber bottom. The chamber is attached to frame by means of horizontal hinge and provided with screw tie, which connects the chamber with frame carrying gauging tank so that sapropel mass may be discharged into the tank from load-carrying branch of drag-chain loop. The chamber is provided with angular instrument. The drive has means to regulate drag-chain loop movement speed.
EFFECT: increased range of device parameters to be researched, possibility to optimize device parameters to minimize power inputs and to maximize output of the complex.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sapropel extraction technologies.
SUBSTANCE: device has watercraft, rectangular receiving device in plan with two side vertical walls, device for catching and transporting sapropel and tank for it. Watercraft is made of platform on two pontoons, and between pontoons receiving device is placed, provided with slanting relatively to platform end walls with forming of closed space. Upper edges of side and end walls are placed above water surface, and lower ones - in productive sapropel bed below clear water layer. Device for catching and transporting sapropel is made in form of one-chain conveyor, tail portion of which is suspended on twin ropes and placed in productive sapropel bed. Free ends of each pair of ropes are fixed with possible winding together and onto hand-actuated winch drum with stopping gear, mounted on two interconnected floats. Head portion of one-chain conveyor is placed at shore with forming of convex and concave, in vertical plane, portions with placement of slanting portion within receiving device and fixing thereon via corbels. Receiving device on platform is fixed on the side of shore via joints, and on the opposite side is suspended to platform with two flexible elements, free ends of which are fixed with possible winding together and onto winches drums.
EFFECT: higher effectiveness and productiveness.