Reinforcement for reinforcing panel of heat-insulation concrete form, panel of heat-insulation concrete form, set of panels of heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form for columns, heat-insulation concrete form for t-shaped wall and method of reinforcing panel of heat-insulation concrete form
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: reinforcement for reinforcing panel of heat-insulation concrete form includes a fastening brace element built in the reinforcement and retained in it in its place due to material enveloping it and intended for attachment thereto a brace for connecting the panel to opposite panel in heat-insulation concrete form, and device for connecting the reinforcement to the panel being reinforced. There also described is version of reinforcement for reinforcing panel, panel of heat-insulation concrete form, set of heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form of columns, heat-insulation concrete form for T-shaped wall and method of reinforcing panel in heat-insulation concrete form.
EFFECT: reinforcement and strengthening of wall structures of heat-insulation concrete forms.
26 cl, 9 dwg
The SCOPE of the INVENTION
The present invention relates in General to insulating the forms for the walls. More specifically the present invention relates to valves for strengthening the panel, insulating concrete forms, panels, insulating concrete forms, kits, panels, insulating concrete forms, insulating concrete forms, insulating concrete forms for columns, insulating concrete forms for T-shaped walls and the reinforcing panels in insulating concrete form.
The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY
Insulating concrete forms (TBP) used in the construction of insulating concrete walls in various construction applications. In the system TBP number of opposite panels or pre-assembled units are divided, preferably, at a distance equal to the desired thickness of the concrete wall, providing, thus, a channel, a cavity in a wall or column, in which is poured concrete. Typical TBP may contain pre-assembled unit and/or one or more outer or main panels and one or more internal or oppositely spaced panels on the other side of the cavity in the wall. Each panel typically has an outer surface and an inner surface. As opposed external surfaces, which, in General, not the opposite and is not connected with any of the other panels in TBP, the inner surface of the core and oppositely spaced panels adjacent to the concrete wall when the concrete is poured into the cavity in the wall. These panels usually remain permanently in place as thermal or sound insulation, to provide space for electrical wiring and water and sewer pipes, and as a gasket for gypsum, plaster, brick or other facing and on the inner or outer sides of the panels or pre-assembled unit.
Panel in the system TBP often made of foam of templateplazza or some other durable insulating or composite materials (foam, cement, wood chips/sawdust, plastic) or such as polystyrene. Because of the flexibility required for a variety of applications, the most preferred light panels that can be easily transported to the work area as sections. The partition panels may be secured together by cross bars or connecting straps or can be joined together type a key-lock, keyed connection, the connection dovetail, the connection to the tongue or other coupling systems with corresponding locking elements (see, for example, U.S. patent No. 5,428,933, issued July 4, 1995, Philippe, and incorporated herein by what the your links which describes the panel, you can turn and rotate the reverse side and/or double-sided panel having them in the system of mutual coupling). These panels can be flat (providing smooth the surface of concrete across the wall) or molded, such as cell or lattice, when the layer of concrete in some sections of the wall are thicker than others.
In normal TBP systems and other systems, the concrete forms a fixed gap between the inner surfaces of oppositely spaced panels is achieved by connecting straps, cross formwork, Skobov and/or spacers, which holds the panel in place and support them relative to each other when the concrete is poured into the cavity in the wall between them. Spacers can be attached to each panel in a variety of ways. In one example, the bracket that holds the strut passes over the top edge of each panel, so that the bracket that holds the strut is located on the inner and on the outer surface of the panel. In other systems, the spacer is attached to the panel by running spacers through the panel and on the outer surface by means of retaining devices (such as nut, clip or the like). In an alternative embodiment, the spacer may be attached to the panels using the same Assembly in the groove, as described above.
due to increased pressure in vulnerable places in the panels along the length of the TBP system shall be provided an additional link-plate panels to prevent displacement, loosening or rupture panels when the concrete is poured. These vulnerabilities may include corners (on the target junction of two intersecting walls at the end joint of one (main) wall, overlapping, in General, perpendicular to the other wall (i.e. at the intersection of the "T-shaped walls"), or in the preparation of the columns. Therefore there was a need to protect these vulnerable areas of the walls for the operations of pouring concrete in TBP systems.
Methods and devices for maintaining the angular wall panels in TBP systems and other concrete wall forms known to specialists in this field of technology. They include U.S. patent No. 4,180,956 issued January 1, 1980, Gross; U.S. patent No. 5,658,483, issued August 19, 1997, Boeshart; U.S. patent No. 5,896,714, issued April 27, 1999, Cymbala et al.; U.S. patent No. 6,318,040, issued November 20, 2001, Moore; U.S. patent No. 6,324,804, issued December 4, 2001, Hoogstraten; U.S. patent No. 6,363,683, issued April 2, 2002, Moore; U.S. patent No. 6,419,205, issued July 16, 2002 .Meendering; U.S. patent No. 6,691,481, issued February 17, 2004, Schmidt; U.S. patent No. 6,519,906, issued on February 18, 2003, Yost et al.; application for U.S. patent No. 2004/0020160, publ. February 5, 2004, on behalf of the Durocher; U.S. patent No. 6,820,384, issued November 23, 2004, Pfeiffer; U.S. patent No. 5,390,459, issued February 21, 1995, Mensen; and U.S. patent No. 5,704,180, issued January 6, 1998, Boeck. In many of these supporting structures of the connecting bracket add to the inside or is enim surfaces of the corner/wall panel after panel installation in concrete form in the workplace. The nodes connecting straps, consisting of one or more connecting straps connected together to create a matrix, can be made in advance and inserted into the angular section of the panel. However, pre-prepared Assembly is usually impractical because of the additional labor costs, differences walls in height and size and/or magnitude of angles throughout the TBP system. Often when the need arises you need to build a support connecting brackets on request.
Bearing T-shaped walls or columns is less well known in the prior art, and especially not in TBP systems. Usually additional spacers are added around the intersection of the T-shaped walls/columns. However, traditional spacer, which is used in other places in the TBP system, may not be particularly suitable for areas of high vulnerability, such as the intersection of the T-shaped wall.
In U.S. patent No. 6,837,473, issued January 4, 2005, Petkau, described the site of a coupler for connecting structures oppositely located walls in conventional concrete form. In the construction of T-shaped walls (wall exhaust) screed, which is much longer than the spacers used in the bearings of conventional panels inserted through the opposite wall around the intersection of the T-shaped walls. As shown in figure 11 patent Petkau, the connecting brackets are used to support spacers on the of current the surfaces of the panels.
The nodes of the T-shaped walls for use in TBP systems described in the manuals of the goods, such as the company's Quad-Lock Building Systems (http://quad-lock.com, Quad-Lock Building Systems.7398-132ndSt., Surrey, BC V3W 4M7 Canada). In this node inner corner bracket connecting the interior panel of the main wall with an inner panels intersecting the T-shaped wall. To support overlapping panels with oppositely-arranged panels on the main wall add superposed outer corner bracket that overlap the cavity for the concrete between the oppositely spaced panels. In an alternative embodiment, the outer corner bracket cut off and placed on the outer wall panel. Cross added to connect the outer panel with the inner panel, especially at the junction of the inner main wall and intersecting walls, with the main panels. Additional flanges for support of the outer panels. In the absence of the two angular brackets a link-plate to support the back side of the T-shaped wall.
Additional spacer itself may be insufficient to prevent a gap at the intersection of the T-shaped walls. No wall directly opposite the main wall at the point of intersection is one of the reasons why the question arose about the proper leg of the T-shaped wall, because true is it to add a spacer to maintain a fixed gap between the main panel and oppositely spaced panels intersecting the T-shaped wall. Due to the increased vulnerability of the panel main wall against high voltage should be strengthened by the panel itself. Adding plates or other material to enhance the panel at the intersection may serve to strengthen the panel. Most often to reinforce the main panel on its outer surface add buttresses or other support device.
In the patent application U.S. No. 2004/0040240 filed Patz et al., describes the installation and support of the T-shaped walls in TBP systems. At the intersection of the T-shaped walls of the inner plate of the T-shaped wall placed on the top edge of each panel, and the outer plate of the T-shaped wall placed on top of the second panel opposite the first panel. Cross-beams are used to hold the panels together. Cross perpendicular to each of the panels of the T-shaped intersection. Plates necessary to hold the panels together and securing devices for attaching the connecting cross between oppositely spaced panels. Plates are fixed only to the upper part of the panels, with most of the panel remains vulnerable to stress. In addition, the spacer connects only oppositely spaced panels; there are no signs that protected vulnerable place on the panel directly opposite the intersection of the T-shaped wall.
In U.S. patent No. 6,250,024, issued June 26, 2001, Sculthorpe et al., the painted system temporary screed TBP, which includes the element of a rod, the anchor element and the tension element, such as a flexible belt, which connects the element couplers and anchor bar. Item screed necessary to maintain a fixed distance between the panels in the TBP system when the concrete is poured. However, the right hole in the form, to ensure the passage of the strap through the anchor beam and around it. This may compromise the integrity of the form, which leads to deletion of unwanted moisture and dust and potential damage to the form.
In the system of the T-shape of Nudura Corporation (http://www.nudura.com; we Nudura Corporation 27 Hooper Rd., Unit #10, Barrie, Ontario, Canada) support T-shaped walls provide with standard brackets that connect the main panel with oppositely-arranged panels and connect the intersecting panel (through the channel between the intersecting walls). The speaker inside (i.e. in the direction of the intersection) the unit is located on the main wall, which helps to give strength to the panel at the intersection of the T-shaped wall; however, no additional supporting devices used specifically at the intersection of the T-shaped wall.
In U.S. patent No. 4,916,879, issued on April 17, 1990, Boeshart, describes a system of reinforcement of the T-shaped wall. However, this system requires connecting straps and on the inner surface of the panels, and on the outer surface, and she is oiginal only the upper part of the panel.
There are several problems associated with existing methods of protection of vulnerable places in the TBP system from the gap. Although it is believed that the installation of additional supports these vulnerabilities reduces the incidence of rupture by adding to the existing connecting brackets and/or spacers, which holds the opposite panel in place simply add additional supports may not necessarily prevent the gap, if the supports are placed incorrectly in vulnerable places. For example, it may be bending and/or warping of the panel, the middle section, if the spacer is added only at the top or at the bottom of the panel (as in the use of brackets or plates, which are fixed over the edge of the panel). In addition, the preceding nodes of the T-shaped walls had only protected oppositely located panel, without protection or support highly vulnerable places on the main panel directly opposite the end of the overlapping panel(s). Also, either the bracket incorrectly attached to the panel, either due to poorly fitted brackets/spacers or due to lack of time on site for correct re-fit the panels, the spacer can get away from the supporting brackets or completely detach from the panel. In the end, the spacer can only serve to hold the panels at a fixed RA is standing apart from each other, and not to add extra stability. This lack of stability increases the risk of rupture, which can lead to unnecessary and costly delays to the project.
In addition, the spacer itself may be unsuitable or not structurally corresponds to increased pressure in vulnerable areas. It may be necessary to install several different types of spacers throughout TBP system to match changes in pressure sensitivity. Choosing the correct spacers in the right place can be a problem and be uncomfortable. If you select the wrong spacer may be an increased risk of rupture, despite any number of additional supports.
Attempts to reinforce or strengthen the T-shaped wall or column by increasing use of buttresses can cause problems with the outer side of the main panel. One of the problems with these external supports is that their installation on site may require significant additional time to perform specific tasks, as the builders will have to cancel or postpone the pouring of concrete into the form, until you have added additional buttresses. In addition, the buttresses best fasten anchors to the ground or other fixed platform at a distance from the main wall. The lack of sufficient space, Breakfast is STV for anchoring the buttresses to the ground or strong enough platform to make their accommodation more difficult especially in the multi-level construction.
It is therefore desirable to provide a practical and efficient device for supporting oppositely spaced panels and to enhance those places in the systems of TBP, which are particularly vulnerable to rupture, such as on the main panel at the junction of the T-shaped wall or formwork columns.
The aim of the present invention is to eliminate or mitigate at least one of the disadvantages of the previous TBP panels, pre-assembled units and systems.
In the first object, the invention provides insulating concrete form that contains the main panel opposite the first button panel opposite the main panel, the spacer having first and second ends to maintain a fixed gap between the main panel opposite the first panel, the valve on the main panel to reinforce the main panel, the retaining element spacers, built-in fittings for fastening the first end of the spacer main panel, and located opposite the first retaining element spacers in the first opposing panel for fastening the second end of the spacer opposite to the first panel. The valve may have one or more retaining elements struts.
TBP may further comprise a second opposite panel is opposite the main panel opposite the first panel and having a second opposite retaining element spacers, built into it to attach the second spacers to the second holding element spacers in the valve on the main panel. The second spacer maintains a fixed distance between the second opposite panel and the main panel. At the ends of each of the opposing panels may be attached intersecting panel, so that the overlapping panels joined to each other by means of spacers attached to intersecting the holding elements of the spacers in the intersecting panels. The system containing the opposite panel is attached to a reinforced main panel, and the overlapping panel forms a reinforced concrete shape of the T-shaped wall or column.
It has been unexpectedly discovered that the combination of the reinforcement panel with integrated retaining element spacers give additional support in areas that are highly vulnerable to rupture (such as the intersection of the T-shaped wall). Using the valve of the present invention on the main panel directly opposite the overlapping panel opposite the panel in the TBP system can be connected via spacers in the usual way, at the same time, giving rigidity to the main panel. This valve has a sufficient size so that it can protect the panel along the entire length, from the top to the bottom, when she PR is connected to the panel, and not just in the dotted areas in the panel. In addition, this valve can be used with the opposite panels, which are biased due to differences in height and width, or which are directed relative to each other at different angles.
Preferably, the valve of the present invention can be easily upgraded to any TBP panel, including the panel that can flip, rotate, reverse and double-sided. When the panels with the device type dovetail, or other items of mutual coupling, on their surface, the valve can be made to insert additional clutch elements on the panel, which greatly facilitates the addition of reinforcement on site. However, there may be used any method of attaching the valve to the panel, such as adhesives or the like In an alternative embodiment, the valve may be integrally made in a pre-manufactured TBP panels or pre-assembled unit. As an additional advantage of the panel with attached thereto a valve in accordance with the present invention can be used anywhere in the TBP system and, in particular, in areas highly vulnerable to rupture, without the need for additional supports or reinforcement commonly used in previous TBP systems, known is the illusion in this field.
Fittings can be made of any suitable material, such as polystyrene or polyurethane foam, plastic, wood or metal, and may contain additional materials such as composite materials, tape, reinforced fiber, or fiberglass, or a grid of steel wire. The valve may also have a cavity for receiving and passing through it an electric or water and sewer components.
Another object provides a set of insulating concrete forms containing panel, fittings for joining and strengthening this panel and containing the retaining element spacers built into it and the spacer having first and second ends, the first end for attaching to the holding element spacers and a second end for attachment to the opposite panel in insulating concrete form.
Another object of the present invention provides a heat-insulating concrete form columns containing one or more panels, and each panel has a surface rotated into the column, and the retaining element spacers built into every surface, and many elements of spacers, each of which has a first end and a second end, the first end of the spacer for attaching the retaining element spacers on one or more panels, and the second end of the La connection with the second end of adjacent struts inside the column.
Other options for the implementation and features of the present invention will be obvious to a person skilled in this technical field when viewing the following description of specific embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS
The following describes embodiments of the present invention by means of example with reference to the attached drawings, on which:
Figure 1 is a top view of the form of the T-shaped wall in the TBP system.
2 - another option is the implementation of the T-shaped wall in the top view.
Figure 3 shows a variant implementation of the T-shaped wall of figure 2, in the top view at an angle.
Figure 4 - shows a variant implementation of the tripartite forms the armature of the present invention.
Figure 5 - shows the valve in accordance with the present invention.
6 is shown a valve similar to the one shown in figure 5.
Fig.7 is shown the form of a round column.
Fig - shows the form semihollow columns.
Figure 9 - shows a variant implementation of angular form in accordance with the present invention.
DETAILED description of the INVENTION
In General, the present invention provides TBP system, having a valve at the junction of the T-shaped wall. More specifically, the present invention provides a heat-insulating concrete form containing lawnow panel, the first opposing panel opposite the main panel, the spacer having first and second end to maintain a fixed gap between the main panel opposite the first panel, the valve on the main panel to reinforce the main panel, the retaining element spacers, built-in fittings for fastening the first end of the brace to the main panel, and located opposite the first retaining element spacers in the first opposing panel for fastening the second end of the spacer opposite to the first panel.
The panel, having a valve attached thereto in TBP in accordance with the present invention, is referred to here reinforced panel. Reinforced panel can be used anywhere along the TBP system. Reinforced panel is particularly suitable in areas vulnerable to large voltage and divide by pouring concrete into a form, such as the intersection of the T-shaped walls or corners (which may or may not be right angles). Reinforced panel can also be used in sections TBP systems with displaced opposite panels, in which the opposite panel is not directly (i.e. perpendicular to) the opposite, and is, instead, at an angle to the enhanced panel, or in which the opposite panels have different height and width.
Reinforced panel according to the present invention can be manufactured for use in a wide number of places in the TBP system. Due to this adaptability it is not necessary to choose a special panel at the specified location in the TBP system.
Figure 1 shows one version of the implementation forms of the T-shaped wall in the TBP system containing a reinforced panel according to the present invention. Between the main panel 10 and the opposite panel 12 h is hollow to form a channel 14, which is filled with material such as concrete, to make interesting structure, such as a wall. In the variant example of implementation shown in figure 1, reinforced panel is used at the intersection of the T-shaped wall. And the main panel 10, and the opposite panel 12 adjacent to the concrete wall formed by pouring concrete into the channel 14. The T-shaped wall shows the channel crossing 16. Channel crossing 16 is formed between the oppositely spaced overlapping panels 18 and 19. Each of the intersecting panels 18 and 19 may be attached to one or more opposing panels 12 or 13 at the corner 22. Overlapping panels 18, 19 can be connected with opposing panels 12, 13 by attaching (e.g., connections in the tongue or other connecting devices, and so on); however, the overlapping panel opposite the panel may be a single integral panel is L-shaped.
As shown in figure 1, panels used in the TBP of the present invention, such as the main panel 10, contain the valve 20. Reinforcement strengthens panel to prevent breaking and/or other damage, often caused by pouring concrete into the channel between the panels TBP system. Ideally, the valve placed on the main panel, for example, on the inner surface of the main panel, to directly counter roznych overlapping panels in the T-shaped wall or corner of the intersection, which highly vulnerable to rupture.
The valve 20 can be made in a single piece with the panel. Integral valve 20 is part of a panel during its manufacture. Fittings can be made of any durable material, such as polystyrene or polyurethane foam. The valve 20 may be made of the same durable material as the panel itself, which may be preferable to reduce the incremental cost and time associated with the manufacture of the panel. Depending on the desired thickness of the panel, concrete walls or stress expected in a particular place in the TBP system, the valve 20 may be of any size or shape and may vdvinut'sâ in the channel 14 at any distance. In some embodiments, the implementation panel of the present invention the tape, reinforced fiber, fiberglass mesh or other reinforcing materials may be placed in the integral valve 20. These additional materials give added rigidity to the panel, right in this TBP system.
The valve of the present invention contains one or more retaining elements of the spacer. Examples of retaining spacer elements 23, 23a and 23b. Retaining the elements of the spacers 23a, b accommodate and secure the spacer 24A, b to valve 20, which, in turn, is used for joining and build resilience p is etivoprosy panels in TBP. As shown in figure 1, the main panel 10 has attached thereto the armature 20 and the retaining elements spacers 23a, b, built-in valve 20.
Retaining the elements of the spacers used in the present invention, typically made of durable, flexible material, such as molded plastic (e.g., high impact polystyrene). The reinforced panels containing a one-piece armature retaining element spacers can be inserted into the valve before the introduction of panel material (which, as mentioned, may be of any durable material, such as expanded polystyrene (EPS), a composite material, and the like) in the manufacture of the panel. The retaining element spacers held in place in the valve due to the EPS. The use of restraint element spacers made of polystyrene is most preferable to placement in EPS. EPS are drops of material, which, due to compatibility EPS with the introduced material is alloyed with the holding element spacers made of polystyrene. This creates a durable means of attaching and reinforcing panels, especially in places of high voltage (such as the junction of the T-shaped wall). When creating a reinforced panels of the present invention retaining the elements of the spacers can be placed in any orientation within EPS, i.e. they can be arbitrarily R is spradley within the enhanced panel or placed in specific positions, as required for a specific use.
Retaining the elements of the spacers can be of any shape to accommodate the spacers. In some embodiments, the implementation of the retaining element of the spacer is designed to dovetail with the groove in it. This design can be used for receiving and mounting spacers, which can be inserted into the groove. However, it is believed that any retaining element spacers can be used in the context of the present invention.
Retaining the elements of the spacers can also be placed at an angle inside the valve, so that the attached mounting hardware is also tilted at an angle. The angle of the retaining elements spacers in the valve varies depending on the thickness of the concrete frame and, if it is used in the joints of the T-shaped walls, the location of the angles of the intersecting walls. Retaining the elements of the spacers can be placed so that the attached spacer was at an angle from 0 to 90° from the panel. Optimally, so that this angle was 45° from the panel, although it may be used any suitable angle. When the spacer is placed at an angle, can be strengthened by a broader section of the panel and the panel in front of her, which are attached to the spacer).
As shown in figure 1, the main panel 10, the opposite panel 12 and 13 is overlapping panels 18 and 19 contain retaining the elements of the spacers. However, not all panels can contain a valve 20. In the shown example, the main panel 10 includes a valve 20 with a built-restraining elements spacers 23a, b. The panel may not have built-in armature retaining element spacers. In the panels of this type retaining element spacers can be embedded directly in the inner surface of the panel itself. However, in the context of the present invention "of the opposite panel (i.e. the opposite main panel) can be any of the components of the TBP, which contains the retaining element spacers, and may fix the spacer to maintain the distance between the main panel and the opposite panel. Thus, the retaining element spacers may contain, for example, the retaining elements on the side opposite the panel facing the inside of the channel for concrete, on the opposite end of the panel or in any component, attaching or connecting the feature to be added and attached to the opposite panel, which is suitable to hold the spacers. TBP panel with spacers connecting the opposite panel by means of retaining elements struts, which are not integrated in the valve, may be more vulnerable to rupture when the concrete is poured. However, it may be optional to each PA is spruce in the TBP system had a built-in or attached thereto the valve. As mentioned above, the reinforced panel is particularly suitable for use in high voltage TBP system, where the most likely to break, such as, for example, directly opposite the ends of the overlapping panels at the intersection of the T-shaped wall. The spacer 24 and 24A-C is used to explode the opposite wall panels, such as the main panel 10 and the opposite panel 12, or overlapping panels 18 and 19. Any spacer may be used as acceptable to keep a fixed distance between the inner surfaces of opposite panels in the TBP system. Similarly, the holding element spacers and the armature spacer may be made of any durable and flexible material. The spacer can also be adapted and adjusted in length, size and shape to accommodate a narrower or wider channels formed between the opposite panels. Spacer, especially suitable for use in the present invention has sufficient flexibility and durability to accommodate the offset inserts in various places, such as at the intersections of the T-shaped walls, which may or may not be exactly perpendicular relative to the main panel.
Bonding the spacer described, for example, in the patent is SHA industrial design No. 435,212, can be used as an auxiliary armature forms to prevent shrinking, vplyvania or rupture. Spacers of this type can be inserted into each other (e.g., one on top of another) or, if necessary, can be divided into two pin component spacers. The spacer can also hook retaining the elements of the spacers on the panel and will be "squeezed" during the application of pressure during pouring of the concrete or grout. Pin spacer increases the panel in vertical and horizontal directions by means of the clutch and retaining panels forms firmly in place as you fill in the form with concrete. This helps minimize or prevent movement of the panels to form and maintain a uniform distribution of the pressure of the poured concrete.
Figure 1 shows the placement of the spacers 24 and 24A, connecting the main panel 10 with opposing panels 12 and 13 and intersecting panels 18 and 19. In the example of the T-shaped wall, shown in figure 1, the spacer 24A, 24b are attached to the holding elements spacers 23a, b in the valve 20 on the main panel 10 and the holding elements struts 23c, d at the junction of opposing panels 12, 13 and intersecting panels 18, 19, respectively. In this orientation, the pressure is directed to the valve 20 in the main panel 10. Adding RA is whipping 24C between the opposing and intersecting panels 18 and 19 three element spacers 24A-form the triangular region of the valve. This triangle containing a combination of reinforcement and embedded retaining element spacers, gives additional support to vulnerable intersection of the T-shaped wall and reduces the probability of rupture when the concrete is poured.
Figure 2 and 3 show additional embodiments of TBP system according to the present invention. The valve is a modular valve 30 that is attached to the panel 36 in the TBP. As for the built-in valve can be added any number of elements of the modular valve 30 anywhere in the TBP system. Ideally, the modular valve 30 is suitable for use in high risk of rupture, such as the intersecting T-shaped walls, corners or columns. Also in accordance with integrated valves modular valve 30 has one or more embedded retaining elements of the spacer. As shown in the variant example of implementation in figure 2, the modular valve 30 includes two retaining element spacers 32 and 34; however, in a modular valves can be built any number of retaining elements of the spacer. Modular valve 30 can be attached to the main panel in any way, for example, on the surface of the panel 36, and may continue, as shown in detail in figure 3, from the top to the bottom of the panel (or beyond, if the offset panels) to increase the deposits of coverage valve. In panels with connection to the tongue (the tongue and slot) or articulation of the dovetail, as shown in figure 2 and 3, the modular valve 30 can be manufactured with additional bonding elements, such that the valve digilas in the inner surface of the panels. In an alternative embodiment, the valve can be attached to compatible adhesives in the right place on the panel. In any case, the valve must be sufficiently strong and durable to withstand any hydrostatic pressure of the poured concrete.
Figure 2 spacer 32A and 34a is attached to the holding elements of the spacers 32 and 34, respectively, in the valve 30, and the holding elements spacers 35A, b, respectively, at the junction of the panels 37 and 39 and at the junction of the panels 37A and 39A.
Figure 4 shows another variant of implementation of the TBP, which may include the reinforcement of the present invention. In this form, shown for example, the main panel 36 is located in front of and connected with the tripartite panel 88. Tripartite panel 88 includes opposite panel 37 (for example, the panel shown in figure 2), the side panel 92 and the third panel 90. The valve 80 is shown with an additional retaining element spacers 82, in which the spacer 84 is connected to the third panel 90. The spacer 32A connects the valve 80 with a corner holding element spacers 94 crehst the integral panel 88. In the presence of these spacers spacer 84 can be adjusted in length to fit a wide range of distances, spanning the channel between the main panel 36 and the opposite panel(s).
Figure 5 shows one variant of implementation of the modular valve according to the present invention. Modular valve 40 may be of any shape. In the shown embodiments, the implementation of the modular valve 40 has the shape of a semi-circle or Crescent. Flat edge 42 of the modular valve 40 is connected to the panel, for example panel 36 figure 2-4. In one variant example of implementation shown in Figure 5, the modular valve 40 is attached to the panel by digemid segments in the form of a "dovetail" 46 in corresponding grooves on the panel (not shown). Arched portion 38 of the modular valve 40 is inserted into the channel between the inner surfaces of the opposite panels. Modular valve 40, shown in Figure 5, contains two retaining element spacers 44 and 45. A spacer (not shown) can be inserted into the retaining elements of the spacers 44 and 45, as described above.
Figure 6 shows another variant implementation of the modular valve, which can be used in the TBP system according to the present invention. Modular valve 50 may be attached to the panel by a method similar to the one shown in figure 3, or mo is et to be glued anywhere in the Assembly. In this variant example of implementation does not require spacers. Instead, the modular valve 50 has empty interior cavity 52, which may act as a buffer between the poured concrete and the panel is attached to the modular valve 50. The cavity 52 is suitable for through it to hold materials, such as water supply pipes, sewers or wiring before as concrete wall has been completed or after it. However, it should be understood that the spacer can be built in a modular valves accordingly.
In another embodiment, the present invention is provided with a set of insulating concrete forms containing panel, fittings for joining and stiffen the panel, the valve containing an embedded retaining element spacer, and the spacer having first and second ends, the first end for fastening the retaining element spacers and a second end for attachment of the opposite panel in insulating concrete form. This kit is particularly suitable for Assembly TBP on site and can also be preferred in cases when additional reinforced panels.
In another embodiment, the present invention provides insulating concrete form, containing one or bluepanel, having a surface facing the inside of the column, and built the retaining element spacers in each surface, and many elements of struts having first and second end, the first end of the spacer for attaching the retaining element spacers on one or more panels and a second end for connecting with the second end of the adjacent element spacers inside the column. Columns can be pre-manufactured or assembled on site. In any case, the column can contain one or more reinforced panels, as described herein, especially, if desired shape other than round columns. The column may be embedded in the wall Assembly TBP, in combination with the other column, or be free-standing column for decorative purposes.
7 and 8 show other embodiments of the columns that can be used in the present invention. 7 shows a round column. The panel in the form of columns 60, shown in this variant example of implementation, is a single constructed round the panel. The panel in the form of columns 60 may be made of the same durable material as the other panels used in the present invention. The panel in the form of pillars 60 may have one or more retaining elements spacers 62, or attached to the panel in fo the IU column 60 at the construction site, built-in panel in the form of the column 60 in the manufacture of this panel. The spacer 64 supports the panel in the form of columns 60 when the concrete is poured into the channel of the column 66. Although you can use any spacer, well-known specialists in this field of technology, particularly it is preferable to use a spacer with interlocking tabs 68 of the spacer. These latches 68 spacers allow you to link together the many elements of spacers 64 and provide additional stability to the panel in the form of the column 60. For example, the spacer 64 may have a retainer spacers 68, which connects two elements spacers 64A, 64b, each on one side of the spacer. Can be added an extra wrap or strap (not shown) around the interconnected clips spacers 68 to provide additional reinforcement to the spacer 60 in the form of columns. As in other embodiments, implementation of the present invention, examples of which are given in this paper, tape, reinforced fiber, fiberglass mesh or other reinforcing materials can also be placed in the mold 60 columns.
In the embodiment shown in Fig.7, the tabs 68 of the spacer mutually coupled, so that a cavity 69. This cavity 69 allows you to skip through it communication (as, for example, electric cables, Electromechanical the e device or ducts). In addition, the second ("duplicate") column can be located in the cavity 69, if necessary.
On Fig shows an example of the insulating concrete form columns, which is not around. Non-circular columns, such as shown in example Semigallia form 70, shown in Fig can be made in the form of a single piece, or may contain multiple panels 72, which combined to create columns semihollow form 70. As with the column round shape, shown in Fig.7, semigalia form 70 may have one or more retaining elements of the spacers 74, or attached to, or embedded in each panel 72. The spacer 76 is interconnected clamps spacers 78 may be used to create a cavity 79. The spacer 76, clamps spacers 78 and cavity 79 described above.
Figure 9 shows another variant of implementation of the present invention, used in a corner. As mentioned herein, the angles (i.e., for example, at the end of the intersections of one panel to another) are also highly vulnerable to rupture. In the example shown a variant implementation of the present invention the angular valve 90 can be inserted at the junction of two intersecting panels 92 and 93. Overlapping panels can intersect at any angle, but often perpendicular (i.e. at an angle or approx the RNO 90°) to each other. In addition, the overlapping panels may abut or may not be adjacent to each other; they can be connected just by the corner fittings attached to each of the intersecting panels, or through some other device for connection panels, as is known to experts in this field of technology. Angle valve 90 may be attached to the panels by any means, such as through the use of additional vzaemozalik elements, with which the valve is inserted in the inner surface of the panels. In an alternative embodiment, the valve can be attached to compatible adhesives or other suitable fastening devices. Spacer a and 94b connects angular valve 90 with the opposite panels 95 and 96 through the channel 97. Analogously to examples of embodiments of the T-shaped wall and offset of the wall shown in Fig. 1 through 4, the spacer can be attached to the opposite panels at one or more angular retaining elements 98. Angular retaining elements 98 may be on the opposite side of the panel facing the inside of the channel on the opposite end of the panel or in any component, attaching or connecting the feature to be added and attached to the opposite panel, which is suitable to hold the spacers. Thus the om, "the opposite panel" in the context of the present invention may be any component of the TBP, which contains the retaining element spacers and can fasten the spacer to maintain the distance between the fittings in or on the main panel and the opposite panel. In addition, there may be used any suitable spacer including a spacer, which can be adjusted to fit different width across the channel 97.
The above-described embodiments of the present invention is presented only as an example. Changes, modifications and variations may be made in the specific embodiments of the experts in this field of technology without deviating from the scope of the present invention, which is defined solely by the applied claims.
1. Rebar for reinforcement panel, insulating concrete forms, containing built-in valve and hold it in place due to the surrounding material of the retaining element spacers to attach to it struts for connecting the panel with the opposite panel in insulating concrete form, and means for connecting the valve with the amplified panel.
2. The valve according to claim 1 in which the means for connection reinforcement panel contains one or more vzaemozalik elements, which are connected Ni is sustained fashion vzaimozavisimy items on this panel.
3. Rebar for reinforcement panel, insulating concrete forms, containing a means for connecting the valve with reinforced panel and mount it, moreover, in the valve made the cavity for passage or inserting material.
4. Armature according to claim 3, further containing a means for its connection with the panel and the mounting panel.
5. The valve according to claim 4, in which the tool contains one or more vzaemozalik elements for connection with additional vzaimozavisimy elements on the panel.
6. The valve according to claim 3, in which the material is a water supply pipe or sewer or transaction.
7. A panel of insulating concrete form that contains
the valve on the panel to strengthen the panel, and the
the retaining element spacers, built-in fittings for attachment to her struts for connecting the panel with the opposite panel in insulating concrete form.
8. A panel of insulating concrete form according to claim 7, in which the valve is made in one piece with the panel.
9. Kit insulating concrete forms containing panel, fittings for connection to the panel and its strengthening, the retaining element spacers built into the valve, and the spacer having first and second end, the first end for attaching to the holding element spacers, and a second end for prikreplenyj opposite panel in insulating concrete form.
10. The kit according to claim 9, in which the panel is perevorachivaete, turn the reverse side and/or double-sided.
11. Insulating concrete form containing the main panel, the first panel opposite the main panel, the spacer having first and second ends for holding a fixed gap between the main panel opposite the first panel, the valve on the main panel to reinforce the main panel, the retaining element spacers, built-in fittings for fastening the first end of the brace to the main panel, and the
the first opposite the retaining element spacers in the first opposing panel for fastening the second end of the spacer opposite to the first panel.
12. Insulating concrete form according to claim 11, in which the valve contains many built in her restraint spacer elements.
13. Insulating concrete form according to item 12, optionally containing a second opposite panel, opposite the main panel, and opposite the first panel, and having a second opposite retaining element spacers built into it, for fastening the second spacers to the second holding element spacers in the valve on the main panel, in which the second spacer maintains a fixed distance between the second opposite panel and the main is anely.
14. Insulating concrete form according to item 13, in which the opposite end of the first panel is connected to the end of the first overlapping panels, and the opposite end of the second panel is connected to the end of the second overlapping panels, so that the first and second overlapping panels are connected to each other by means of spacers connected to the retaining element intersecting struts in an intersecting panels.
15. Insulating concrete form 14, in which the main panel opposite the panel and overlapping panels joined together to create the insulating concrete form of the T-shaped wall.
16. Insulating concrete form according to claim 11, in which the armature is made for one whole with the main panel.
17. Insulating concrete form according to claim 11, in which the valve represents the reinforced material.
18. Insulating concrete form 17, in which the reinforced material is a composite material, a polymer material or a mixture of polymer based.
19. Insulating concrete form p, in which the polymer is polystyrene or polyurethane foam.
20. Insulating concrete form according to claim 19, in which the valve further comprises a tape, reinforced fiber, fiberglass or mesh from steel wire.
21. Insulating concrete f the RMA on any of § § 11-15, in which the main panel opposite the panel and intersecting panels are perevorachivaete, turn the reverse side and/or double-sided.
22. Insulating concrete form columns containing
one or more panels, each of which has a surface facing the inside of the column, and the retaining element spacers built into every surface, and
many of spacers, each of which has first and second ends, the first end of the spacer to be attached to the holding element spacers on one or more panels, and a second end for connecting with the second end of adjacent struts inside the column.
23. Insulating concrete form columns on p.22, in which one or more panels are perevorachivaete, turn the reverse side and/or double-sided.
24. Insulating concrete form for the T-shaped wall,
containing the main panel opposite the first panel opposite the main panel, the spacer having first and second ends to maintain a fixed distance between the main panel opposite the first panel, the valve on the main panel to reinforce the main panel, the retaining element spacers, built-in fittings for fastening the first end of the spacer to the main panel opposite the first retaining element of the spacers in the first opposing panel for fastening the second end of the spacer opposite to the first panel, and second opposite panel, opposite the main panel opposite the first panel, and having a second opposite retaining element spacers built into it, for fastening the second spacers to the second holding element spacers in the valve on the main panel, while the opposite end of the first panel is attached to the end of the first overlapping panels, and the opposite end of the second panel is attached to the end of the second overlapping panels, so that the first and second overlapping panels are connected to each other by means of spacers attached to the holding elements intersecting struts in overlapping panels and the main panel opposite the panel and intersecting panels connected with the formation of T-shaped wall.
25. Insulating concrete form according to paragraph 24, in which the main panel opposite the panel and intersecting panels are perevorachivaete, turn the reverse side and/or double-sided.
26. The reinforcing panel in insulating concrete form including: a connection with the armature panel having a first retaining element spacers built into the valve, and attaching spacers to the first retaining element spacers and the second retaining element spacers, built-in across the lagoon to the false panel in insulating concrete form to enhance this panel of insulating concrete forms.
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: fixed construction formwork includes soft cover with interconnected cells formed inside it and intended for being filled with solidified compound, and stiffeners. Cells have parallelepiped shape and are located along the whole formwork; at that, one of the sides of rectangle in cross section of cell corresponds to thickness of manufactured building structure, and stiffeners are installed between cells in inter-fabric slots along the whole cell and are made in the form of planks.
EFFECT: improving aesthetic and strength properties with simultaneous increase in labor efficiency when manufacturing formworks and simplifying the design.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: at the first stage of erection, external and internal panels of leave-in-place form are installed, and in areas where vertical reinforcement rods or vertical anchors installed in foundation come out, reinforcement frame is placed, and extensible shaping facility is installed to embrace the latter in the form of hollow volume trihedral rod, which is temporarily fixed by its larger face to internal surface of form panel, and sheets of heat insulation materials are attached to two other faces of rod and are fixed by their free ends to internal side of leave-in-place form. Then concrete mass is poured into rod, and as concrete gains in strength, rod is released from temporary fixation and is extended to design height till final erection of support pillar with repetition of the first stage operations cycle, after erection of support pillar till design height, hollow volume trihedral rod is withdrawn from form, and panels of leave-in-place form are fully filled with concrete mass till its final hardening.
EFFECT: possibility to operate building with increased load over its slab.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to method for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure in reinforced concrete version, when prefabricated non-withdrawable curb systems are used from wall curb system and ceiling curb system. Method for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure in reinforced concrete version, in which non-withdrawable curb system is used from prefabricated wall curb system comprising two curb plates, which are installed at a distance from each other and are fixed to each other by means of fixtures, moreover, joining element between wall and ceiling is represented by mounting armature. For ceiling they use prefabricated non-withdrawable ceiling curb system, which is made without grid truss and comprises support plate, on which multiple separate longitudinal rods are placed parallel to each other, which, by means of multiple U-shaped brackets, which are installed on support plate with their angle shelves inverted to support plate and installed at the distance above support plate with their angle walls, are welded in angles between angle shelf and angle wall, and therefore separate longitudinal rods are fixed with the main plate at the distance from it so that separate longitudinal rods lie in lower area, especially in lower third of manufactured ceiling finished concrete ceiling. Ceiling system of curb and wall system of curb are fixed to each other so that separate longitudinal rods of ceiling curb system pass perpendicular to wall system of curb. Mounting armature on one side is inserted into wall curb system, and on the other side is fixed on separate longitudinal rods of ceiling curb system, so that mounting armature by means of separate longitudinal rods is fixed on support plate of ceiling curb system.
EFFECT: provides for manufacturing of wall-ceiling structure, especially, wall-ceiling joint.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: present invention pertains to building components for constructing concrete walls, and more specifically, to connection straps, which are used for holding panels at a distance and parallel each other. The connection strap for joining the first and second wall panels, where the first and second wall panels lie parallel each other, have first and second end pieces. Each of the end pieces stretches between the first edge, which is inside the wall panels, and the second edge. The second edge has a first hinged member. The first end piece is in the first wall panel. The second end piece is in the second wall panel and the centre section, stretching between the pair of second hinged members. The centre section lies between the first hinged member of the first end piece and the first hinged member of the second end piece, in which one of the first and second hinged members is in form a hinge pin, and the other has at least one first gudgeon and at least one second gudgeon. The hinge pin forms a vertical hinge axis. The first finger is vertically displaced from the second finger. The first and second gudgeons can support opposite sides of the hinge pin. Description is also given of the building component part.
EFFECT: easier moulding of end sections using injection moulding process, reduced number of stages, required in the injection moulding process, as well as cost of making connection straps.
16 cl, 16 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns construction industry and can be used for erection of walls made of form panel boards. The wall comprises form panel boards with outside facing panels, reinforcement and insulant. The wall also comprises blocks, which include opposed form panel boards made by applying, for example, gas concrete or foam concrete panels of the required thickness onto the facing panels, and the inside surface of the gas concrete panel of the form panel board facing the outside face of wall is covered with insulating plate. Between the gas concrete or foam concrete panels and facing panels of form panel boards, plates of a length equal to the wall thickness and made, for example, of gas concrete or foam concrete are installed in transverse direction. Reinforcement is pre-installed between the transverse plates and facing panels, and an insulating panel of a thickness necessary for thermal insulation is located between the reinforcement, and holes are made in the corners of the form panel boards and through the transverse plates, fasteners fixed on both sides are inserted into these holes transversely to the block. To attach the transverse plates with each other and the form panel boards, there are holes in the plates, in which fasteners fixed on both sides are inserted along the block length, these fasteners can be left in their places. Between the facing panels, insulating plate and transverse plates, concrete columns are embedded into the reinforcement, and after hardening of the columns the fasteners pre-installed transversely to the block in the corners of the form panel boards are removed.
EFFECT: increased wall strength, constructability and cost reduction.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to construction field, namely, to walls with unremovable form blocks for building of multistoried buildings. Wall includes main form blocks arranged one over the other in layers with closed cavities, internal cavity whereof has a rectangular parallelepiped-shape formed by longitudinal and transverse walls and open in its lower and upper basements, with one of the side flat ends open having a top-flatted cavity formed by wings continuing longitudinal walls of the block, length whereof makes part of the length of closed cavities, and additional blocks. Longitudinal and transverse walls of unmovable form blocks are made of longitudinal and transverse blocks gathered together on the wall building - up site in such a way, that, at first, foundation is poured, then reinforcement is set vertically on it, then alternatively odd and even rows of form blocks are laid out, so that, in the places where reinforcement was preliminary vertically installed longitudinal blocks of form blocks of odd and even rows are placed overlapping and off - set against each other by the width of the concrete pillar and along with transverse blocks, heating plates arranged on the internal side of each of external longitudinal blocks between transverse blocks and vertically arranged reinforcement are set forming a well for pouring of concrete mortar with consecutive consolidation and formation of concrete pillars with certain periodicity, whereon the entire wall construction is mounted and rested. Provided that heating plates are set and fixed to the internal surface of external longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks, whereat in unmovable form blocks longitudinal blocks and one of the transverse blocks are connected with each other by means of angle bars and fixing units, and the other transverse block is connected with longitudinal blocks from above by fasteners. Besides, longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks are preliminary reinforced, whereat one end of reinforcement is fixed to the vertically arranged reinforcement of concrete pillar and the other end is fixed to the vertically arranged reinforcement of neighbouring concrete pillar. Door port is formed by displacement in the wall of the first, second and the third longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks at brickwork by width of the door port with consecutive installation into the door port prior to laying of the fourth row of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks. Window aperture is formed by displacement of the second and third rows of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks by the width of window aperture with consecutive installation of window block into the aperture prior to laying of the fourth row of longitudinal blocks of unmovable form blocks, whereat one floor of the built - up building is assembled from four rows of unmovable form blocks.
EFFECT: increased number of stories of building, simplified technology of wall building up and building costs reduction.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the construction field and may be used for construction of leave-in-place form for building external and internal solid-cast and heat insulating walls of multi purpose buildings and constructions without further coating. Leave-in-place form block consists of two concrete plates accommodating inserted female screws. Metal construction hooks engaged at the ears of plastic strainers are screwed into the female screws. Varying depth of hook screwing in adjusts upright position of plates placing. Usage of hooks of various thicknesses and consecutive connection of strainers makes possible getting forms for building up walls of various thicknesses. Plates may be manufactured with decorative coating heating layer making walls building much easier. Blocks in the same row are connected between each other by means of wire strainers. Blocks in neighboring rows are connected by plastic strainers. Form construction consists in its consecutive extension starting from the bottom row. Further rows are placed over the bottom one until reaching the required height. Metal reinforcement, embedded elements may be set into the space between the walls of the form in order to avoid slotting for laying of service lines and perforation of openings and doors at full thickness of the wall.
EFFECT: simplified assembly of the form; reduction of storage and transportation expenses; cost reduction of assembly works; possibility of preliminary assembly of heat insulating layers; possibility of usage of plates in the form as a ready for operation coating of the wall under construction; simplification of building walls of various thicknesses.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: building frame contains stands made of bent profiles, to which external and internal fixed curbs are attached with provision of space between curbs and stands. Space is filled with hardening grout. Stands are installed in bottom guide elements in the form of "П"-shaped profiles fixed in foundation. Stands are installed in pairs in two rows in staggered manner. Heat insulation material insert is installed in space between stands of every pair. Bottom guides are installed on foundation through dampproof film and fixed to it with anchor bolts. Top parts of stands are fixed with guides made of the same profile that the bottom guides.
EFFECT: increase of building heat capacity with reduction of its weight, labour intensity and manufacturing costs.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to isolating curb reversible in horizontal direction and intended for manufacture of concrete structures. Isolating curb includes the following components: the first and the second panels substantially installed one opposite to the other, every of which has top surface, bottom surface, the first end surface, the second end surface, external surface, determining wall and internal surface for concrete perception, at that the first end surface and the second end surface of the first panel have both tenons and grooves arranged so that in the first end surface of the first panel tenon is located closer to external surface, and groove is arranged closer to internal surface, in the second end surface of the first panel groove is installed closer to external surface, and tenon is arranged closer to internal surface, in the first end surface of the second panel groove is located closer to external surface, and tenon is located closer to internal surface, in the second end surface of the second panel tenon is located closer to external surface, and groove is closer to internal surface, at that panels are located so that the first end surface of the first panel is located opposite to the first end surface of the second panel, and second end surface of the first panel is located opposite the second end surface of the second panel. And also at least two strainers that connect the first and the second panels between each other, in which two or more curbs may be installed in horizontal direction and connected between each other for provision of flat plane with the help of connection created both by tenon and groove of every panel of one curb, which are connected with tenon and groove of every panel of the other curb, at that these curbs have the possibility to be connected conversely to any of two sides so that the first end surface of the first and second panels of one curb may be connected both to the first and second end surfaces, as well as to the second end surface of the first and second panels of the other curb. At that every strainer includes at least three parallel horizontal wires that are installed in the same plane at such distances from each other so that total distance from the lowest horizontal wire to the highest horizontal wire is less than height of two panels installed one opposite to the other, and length of every wire is more than the distance between external surfaces of these two panels installed one opposite to the other, at that at equal distance from every end of each horizontal wire there is bend provided at the right angle, which is arranged so that every bend at the right angle is located between external and internal surfaces of panel; at least three parallel vertical wires, which are located in one plane at such distances from each other, which are less than distance between bends at the right angle from every of the ends of horizontal wires, and length of every wire is at least equal to the total distance from the lowest horizontal wire to the highest horizontal wire; at least three horizontal wires and at least three vertical wires are located so that every horizontal wire contacts and crosses at the right angle all vertical wires, and every vertical wire contacts and crosses at the right angle all horizontal wires, at that these wires are welded to each other in every point of crossing; and also metal plate installed on internal side of bend at the right angle from every of the ends of horizontal wires, at that at least part of metal plate is basically parallel to external surface of panel, inside of which such bend is arranged at the right angle, and every metal plate contacts every horizontal wire and is welded to it. Also variant of isolating curb is described.
EFFECT: creation of isolating curb with welded wire strainer, which contains at least three horizontal wires and three vertical wires, simplification of curb design, provision of higher strength of structure installed between panels located one opposite to the other.
14 cl, 20 dwg
SUBSTANCE: reinforced wall with remained timbering, aggregate and a plaster coating containing the lath. The reinforcement consists of frame girders made of shapes interconnected by means of rods arranged along the length of the shapes at regular intervals. The girders are arranged vertically with a defined interval along the wall and at a right angle to its surfaces. The remaining timbering part located on the outside of the wall is made as a plate of heat-insulating material with mesh reinforcements on its both sides. The mesh reinforcements are interconnected by means of rods passed through the plate of a heat-insulating material whereas the mesh reinforcement on the inside of the plate of a heat-insulating material is secured on the surface of the girder shapes. There is a plaster coating put on the outside of the wall on the plate surface a heat-insulating material as well as on the mesh reinforcement. The second element of the remaining timbering manufactured of a sheet material is fastened on the inside of the wall on the girder shapes and the aggregate is put in the space between the elements of the remaining timbering.
EFFECT: reduced weight and labour content of the wall production.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly forms.
SUBSTANCE: isolation building form structure includes form sized to erect one concrete wall section. Form comprises the first elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene and the second elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene. Each panel has top and bottom, wherein panel bottom serves as building wall bottom and panel top is building wall top. Form comprises elongated horizontally spaced vertical dividers of foamed polystyrene having at least four sides and arranged between panels. Dividers serve as spacing bars and define spaced channels for concrete pouring between dividers. Dividers have upper and lower ends. Upper divider ends are spaced downwardly from upper ends of panels, lower ends thereof are spaced upwardly lower ends of panels to form upper and lower areas for concrete pouring. Upper and lower areas communicate with channels between dividers. Dividers have uniform cross-sections along the full length thereof so that concrete to be poured in channels form concrete columns having constant dimension in vertical direction. Each column has four vertical sides arranged at an angle one to another so that medium parts of concrete posts are wider than side parts thereof, which results in decreased width of divider centers for decreasing dividers compression between panels under the action of compression force applied thereto.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs, improved manufacturability.
12 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for erecting outer and inner cast-in-place walls of building and building structures.
SUBSTANCE: connection member comprises two parallel lay-on cradle members arranged on one level. Cradle members have side walls for form panel receiving and transversal anchor tie for cradle members connection. Distance between cradle members is equal to thickness of wall to be erected with the use of above form. Distance between side walls of each cradle member is equal to form panel wall thickness. Anchor tie is made as connection member located transversely to cradle members. Connection member is rod constituted of two parts to adjust length thereof within the given range by mutual moving rod parts along rod axis and by relative fixation thereof. One rod part has blind axial hole and inner annular bead located at hole edge. Another rod part has a number of coaxial outer annular beads spaced equal axial distances and divided by annular grooves. Each groove has width equal to that of inner annular bead of the first rod part. Annular beads formed in the second rod part have equal diameters exceeding inner diameter of inner annular bead and equal to that of axial hole of the first rod part. Inner annular bead and/or outer rod beads are made of resilient material. Elasticity of above material and bead shapes are selected to provide one by one passage of outer annular beads of the second rod part through inner bead of the first one to stepwise reduce rod length up to predetermined value. Above length adjustment is performed by applying predetermined axial adjusting force to rod along with preventing mutual axial displacement of rod parts after force removal.
EFFECT: reduced of costs of connection member production, transportation and storage, reduced labor inputs for connection members arrangement on form panels and reduced material consumption.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly permanent forms for all-purpose building and building structure walls erection.
SUBSTANCE: fastener comprises two supports for permanent form panels and connection member arranged transversely to supports. Connection member ends are connected with one support by orifice-toothed finger type connection so that supports are parallel one to another and bases thereof are on the same level. Above connection is located on support base level and includes oblong orifice extending in transversal direction relative connection member. Orifice is made in joint area of one component to be connected and is adapted for engagement with toothed finger oblong in the same direction and secured to another component. Connection member is formed as a set of sections to provide length regulation thereof in the given range by changing a number of connection member sections and by mutual connection thereof. Ends of each section may be connected with supports or with ends of another section by means of orifice-toothed finger type connection including oblong orifice formed on one component and toothed finger created on another one.
EFFECT: increased simplicity and reduced cost of fastener components and supports production, transportation and storage due to elimination of need in differently sized fastener components and supports; extended operating capabilities due to possibility of fastener usage for securing wall reinforcement members.
9 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for erection of above-ground heat-insulated reinforced concrete walls of dwelling and civil buildings with the use of retained forms.
SUBSTANCE: assembly comprises opposite panels formed of porous heat-insulating material and connected by bridges so that panels define space for reinforcement mounting and hardening pourable material pouring. Upper, lower and side panel surfaces have extensions and corresponding depressions to connect one assembly to another ones. Each bridge includes central part and two extreme parts connected to central one by connection members. Extreme parts have elongated members located inside panels and terminating in plates located on outer panel surfaces. Plates have projections formed on outer surfaces thereof. Each projection height is at least 3 mm. Panels and plates are covered with facing layer applied on outer surfaces thereof by partial panel immersion in mould filled with pourable hardening material. Methods of form assembly and of building wall erection with the use of above wall assembly are also disclosed.
EFFECT: increased reliability and strength of retained form and wall erected with the use of the form, increased rate of wall erection.
19 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly for erecting frame or frameless cast-in-place structures, particularly to construct low-story buildings and buildings in the case of limited capacity of building equipment usage.
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming cavity by fixing retained form members with the use of knock-down form so that retained form members are arranged on inner surfaces of knock-down form panels; strutting off opposite retained form members by stay rods having stops; connecting opposite knock-down form panels with each other with the use of fastening members which pass through members of retained and knock-down forms; pouring concrete mix in layers; grouting stay rods in wall and demounting knock-down form after concrete layer hardening. To perform above method at least 4 rows of orifices are formed in knock-down form panels, retained form panels comprise at least 2 rows of orifices formed so that the orifices are located in apexes of rectangles identical for forms of both types and for any two pairs of the nearest orifices of adjacent rows. Horizontal row of knock-down form panels is installed on lower hardened wall layer or on a base and retained form is installed along with air-tightly connecting adjacent members thereof. Then retained form orifices are coaxially aligned with knock-down form ones. Stay rods formed of heat-insulating material and having stop washers on stay rod ends and threaded orifices are installed in the cavities. The threaded orifices are coaxially aligned with knock-down form ones. Threaded sections of fastening members are inserted in end threaded orifices of stay bars through pressing washers and orifices of the forms. Guiding sections are simultaneously seated in knock-down form panel orifices. Pressing washers are located from outer surfaces of knock-down form panels. Both forms are secured by screwing in fastening members and thereby pressing knock-down form panels to retained form members over the full surface thereof along with pressing retained form members to limiting washers. After being demounted knock-down form is moved upwards and new row of form panels is mounted by connecting lower edges thereof to wall with the use of at least two rows of grouted stay rods and fastening members. After that cavities inside upper part of knock-down form are formed once again for pouring next concrete mix portion.
EFFECT: possibility to utilize only friction force appeared due to pressing retained form members to stay rods over their surface by knock-down form panels for retained form fastening during building structure erection; possibility to regulate above force and to substitute some members for simple and light-weight ones (knock-down form), elimination of other members (post), prevention of cold bridges appearance, optimization of building process due to structure member reuse.
12 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly units and methods to connect retained forms and building structures one to another during building erection, load-bearing and self-supporting partition forming inside buildings, during heating of buildings to be reconstructed, building facing and lining, as well as landscape architecture objects erection.
SUBSTANCE: retained form comprises sheets with grooves formed on side faces thereof. The grooves are sized in accordance with dimensions of fixer adapted to connect one sheet to another one. The retained form comprises straight and corner members provided with grooves mating in size with fixer. The sheets and straight and corner members are provided with fixing corbels. Each corbel has at least one groove sized in accordance with fixer dimensions. Unit adapted to connect sheets, straight and corner members is made as fixer inserted in grooves thereof. The fixers are formed as round discs.
EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of retained form and building structure assemblage, reduced mounting time, decreased number of necessary fastening members, reduced material and material consumption and weight, extended functionality of retained form and building structure, improved building and building structure appearance.
2 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to erect load-bearing building walls.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises frame structure composed of frame members connected one to another by cross-pieces. The frame structure is mare as three-dimensional grid defining cells. Each cell is formed of two frames with holes located at frame corners and connected one to another by cross-pieces arranged in frame corners. The cross-pieces are provided with locks. Each lock is made as angle member and plate bent in two steps. The angle member and the plate are connected by rectangular plate. Building erection method with the use of above device is also disclosed.
EFFECT: simplified method due to porous concrete usage and possibility to create all-purpose building frame, which provides necessary strength of load-bearing walls, increased reliability and reduced material consumption.
5 cl, 12 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: land-based construction, particularly to erect reinforced concrete building walls with the use of retained form.
SUBSTANCE: assembly comprises two opposite panels formed of porous material and connected with each other by at least one bridge. The panels form space defined by inner panel surfaces. Each bridge is sectional and comprises core part and at least two extreme parts. One end of each extreme part is connected with one core part end. Another end of each extreme part is provided with elongated member, which extends from inner panel surface to opposite outer panel surface inside panel body and terminates with fixing means. The fixing means secures extreme part of bridge to panel. Outer surface of at least one of two panels is provided with facing. Elongated member of extreme bridge part passes beyond outer surface of above panel. The fixing means is made as a grid or mesh, which is opposite to outer panel surface and spaced from the surface. The grid or mesh may be directly located on outer panel surface. The fixing means is connected to elongated member ends extending beyond outer panel surface and is embedded in facing layer.
EFFECT: increased strength of the assembly and reduced labor inputs due to above assembly usage.
10 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly to erect cast-in-place walls faced with panels of different properties (heat-protection, sound-proofing and so on).
SUBSTANCE: device for permanent connection of wall panels to be concreted adapted to erect cast-in-place walls includes several clip pairs secured to both panels and made as resilient bent plates. One clip of the pair has U-shaped profile with four inclined projections connected to sides thereof, another one comprises four corresponding grooves. All clip pairs are adapted to retain panels so that the panels are spaced predetermined distance apart. The inclined projections are bent with respect to slip sides to improve filling of U-shaped clip interior with concrete.
EFFECT: increased fullness of panel space filling with concrete and possibility to compensate assemblage errors.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly devices for reinforcement and other members fixation.
SUBSTANCE: fastening device comprises curvilinear section immersed in hardening material and bent end. The curvilinear section and bent end are made as a single whole of wire and formed as flat spirals. The first spiral may be unwound to create conical screw line and grouted with hardening material. Another spiral has insulation shell and may be unwound to create socket on structure to be formed of hardening material after isolation shell removal.
EFFECT: decreased material consumption and structure production costs, increased operational reliability and manufacturing capabilities and extended fastening device range.
1 cl, 1 dwg