Floor covering manufacturing method

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of floor covering involves preparation of glass-fibre mat roll, application of primer and front coatings, printing of patterns and application of transparent coating, application of PVC flakes, application of the second transparent coating, application of rear PVC coating, mechanical stamping of face coating and application of UV protection lacquer.

EFFECT: optimum speed choice of cloth supplied in automated line for manufacturing floor covering, choice of the most implemented patterns, chromaticity, shades of pictures, obtaining the appropriate cloth flexibility and consumer density of new material.

 

The invention relates to floor coverings and can be used individually or industrial use for flooring in residential homes and industrial areas.

Floor floor heterogeneous polyvinylchloride is made of plastic masses on the basis of PVC, plasticizers, stabilizers and various additives, is marked on the map in the form of fiberglass and apply on the face layer of the lacquer coating with UV protection. The manufacturing process is performed using an automated line.

Counterparts - technical solutions: EN 2171324 (LLC Sinceros") and EN 2006131617 AND (CJSC "Tarkett), 10.03.2008, MKI D06N 1/00 and 3/06 - /1/.

The disadvantages of the known method of manufacturing a floor covering /1/ should include a small informative process.

The objective of the new method of obtaining heterogeneous PVC floor covering is to increase the technological capabilities of manufacturing multilayer coating.

This object is achieved in that in the method of manufacturing a floor covering, including the preparation of a roll of fiberglass and preparation of gluing components, provide processing of bonded joints using adhesive tape and an additional heat treatment, create a solid connection of the abutting ends of the Polo is Yong, equal to the voltage across the gap of the glass, then the blade of the glass are served in the two-loop unwinding compensator, when the feeding speed of the glass fiber is not more than 20 m/min to produce a drawing of polyvinylchloride (PVC), paste a primer layer on the canvas of glass fibre, which is directed to the area of the infrared emitter for curing the paste, the canvas outer surface pressed against the heating zone thermobaby when the contact temperature of 145-150°C for gelation and next make contact cooling at a temperature of 25°C, chilled on the front surface, apply primer face layer is PVC, which heliroute at 145-150°C, and perform contact cooling of the surface layer to 25°C, the fabric is turned face down and served in the Department of printing for applying a printed pattern with a minimum thickness of 0.5 μm on the front side of the sheet, due to the transfer of the printed ink pattern engraved on 3-6 printing rollers, at a temperature of 80-120°C are drying the engraved image, the canvas is turned faceup and the top put the first transparent layer PVC paste, which heliroute at a temperature of 145-150°C and cooled to 25°C, after which the cloth serves on the alluvial device and put a layer of PVC flakes, which are bonded to the first transparent layer paste PVC and the image which have a volumetric image, provide gelation in the heating zone at a temperature of 145-150°C, the smooth canvas from the front surface, while press the flakes in a transparent PVC layer, and cooled to 25°C, put the second transparent layer on the front surface of the canvas, delirous and cooled, then the canvas is turned face down and put the paste PVC on the back side on top, canvas heliroute when temperature variations 175-195°C and cooled at 14-25°C, faceup cloth, if necessary, serves on the mechanical embossing, where the canvas face is zone infrared field is heated to 40-60°C, followed by the canvas the operation of the embossing pattern embossed profile height from 1 to 3 mm at the same for all operations of the speed of the fabric up to 20 m/min and the temperature then cooling to 20-25°C, on the back side of the sheet to produce the printing, the canvas is served in the drying chamber, where the process of drying cloth at 100-150°C, the fabric is cooled down and put on its front side lacquer UV protection, produce the drying and cooling of varnish at a temperature of 80-100°C, the fabric is cooled, trim the edges, carry out visual control surface coverage, assess its quality classes, read the meter, is wound on the liner in rolls, mark the shape and packaged products.

Description of the method of manufacturing a floor covering.

The method of manufacture of floor coverings, including the preparation of a roll of fiberglass and preparation of adhesive components include:

1) processing of bonded joints using adhesive tape and an additional heat treatment;

2) this creates a strong connection abutting ends of the paintings, is equal to the voltage across the gap of fiberglass;

3) then the painting of the glass are served in the two-loop unwinding the compensator;

4) when the feed speed of the glass fiber is not more than 20 m/min to produce a drawing of polyvinylchloride (PVC), paste a primer layer on the canvas of glass fibre, which is directed to the area of the infrared emitter for curing the paste;

5), the canvas outer surface pressed against the heating zone thermobaby when the contact temperature of 145-150°C for gelation and next make contact cooling at 25°C;

6) on the chilled face primer surface, apply face layer of PVC which heliroute at 145-150°C, and perform contact cooling of the surface layer to 25°C;

7) the canvas is turned face down and served in the Department of printing for applying a printed pattern with a minimum thickness of 0.5 μm on the front side of the sheet by transfer printing ink drawing engraved on the 3-pechatnyh shafts;

8) at a temperature of 80-120°C are drying the engraved image, the canvas is turned faceup and the top put the first transparent layer PVC paste, which heliroute at a temperature of 145-150°C and cooled to 25°C;

9) canvas serves on the alluvial device and put a layer of PVC flakes, which are bonded to the first transparent layer paste PVC and form a volumetric image;

10) provide gelation in the heating zone at a temperature of 145-150°C;

11) the canvas is smooth from the front surface, while press the flakes in a transparent PVC layer, and cooled to 25°C;

12) put the second transparent layer on the front surface of the canvas, delirous and cooled;

13) the canvas is turned face down and put the paste PVC on the back side on top, canvas heliroute when temperature variations 175-195°C and cooled at 14-25°C;

14) faceup cloth, if necessary, serves on the mechanical embossing, where the canvas face about goes zone infrared field is heated to 40-60°C;

15) carry out on the canvas, the operation of the embossing pattern embossed profile height from 1 to 3 mm at the same for all operations of the speed of the fabric up to 20 m/min and the temperature then cooling to 20-25°C;

16) on the rear side of the sheet produced nanese the ie print, the canvas is served in the drying chamber, where the process of drying cloth at 100-150°C;

17) the fabric is cooled down and put on its front side lacquer UV protection;

18) is produced by drying and cooling of varnish at a temperature of 80-100°C;

19) the fabric is cooled, trim the edges, carry out a visual inspection of the surface coating, classify its quality classes, read the meter, is wound on the liner in rolls, labeled and packaged products.

Perform process operations method for producing a heterogeneous PVC floor coverings produce promaznoy way of the plastic mass on the basis of PVC, plasticizers, stabilizers and additives deposited on the underlying cause - fiberglass with UV lacquer top layer. This method is divided into a number of operations:

1) prepare a roll of fiberglass and prepare adhesive components;

2) make processing of bonded joints using adhesive tape and an additional heat treatment;

3) create a strong connection abutting ends of the paintings, is equal to the voltage across the gap of fiberglass;

4) painting of the glass are served in the two-loop unwinding compensator;

5) when the feed speed of the glass fiber is not more than 20 m/min to produce a drawing of polyvinylchloride (PVC), paste priming the Loya on canvas of glass fibre, which is directed to the area of the infrared emitter for curing the paste;

6) the canvas outer surface pressed against the heating zone thermobaby when the contact temperature of 145-150°C for gelation and next make contact cooling at 25°C;

7) on chilled facial primer surface, apply face layer of PVC which heliroute at 145-150°C, and perform contact cooling of the surface layer to 25°C;

8) the canvas is turned face down and served in the Department of printing for applying a printed pattern with a minimum thickness of 0.5 μm on the front side of the sheet by transfer printing ink drawing engraved on 3-6 printing rollers;

9) at a temperature of 80-120°C are drying the engraved image, the canvas is turned faceup and the top put the first transparent layer PVC paste, which heliroute at a temperature of 145-150°C and cooled to 25°C;

10) the canvas serves on the alluvial device and put a layer of PVC flakes, which are bonded to the first transparent layer paste PVC and form a volumetric image;

11) provide gelation in the heating zone at a temperature of 145-150°C;

12) the canvas is smooth from the front surface, while press the flakes in a transparent PVC layer, and cooled to 25°C;

13) put the second transparent the first layer on the front surface of the canvas, heliroute and cooled;

14) the canvas is turned face down and put the paste PVC on the back side on top, canvas heliroute when temperature variations 175-195°C and cooled at 14-25°C;

15) faceup cloth, if necessary, serves on the mechanical embossing, where the canvas face is zone infrared field is heated to 40-60°C;

16) carry out on the canvas, the operation of the embossing pattern embossed profile height from 1 to 3 mm at the same for all operations of the speed of the fabric up to 20 m/min and the temperature then cooling to 20-25°C;

17) on the rear side of the sheet to produce the printing, the canvas is served in the drying chamber, where the process of drying cloth at 100-150°C;

18) the fabric is cooled down and put on its front side lacquer UV protection;

19) is produced by drying and cooling of varnish at a temperature of 80-100°C;

20) the fabric is cooled, trim the edges, carry out a visual inspection of the surface coating, classify its quality classes, read the meter, is wound on the liner in rolls, labeled and packaged products.

Fabrication of heterogeneous PVC floor coverings, PVC heterogeneous carried out on the production line by a consecutive application of PVC pastes for moving the OS is low.

Speed regulation and synchronized on all the stations automatically. The process control line is carried out using a computerized information system. The process of making heterogeneous outdoor PVC coating is carried out in the following sequence:

- roll out the rolls of underlay;

- fixed zone of the ends of the coils to each other;

- applied primer and face layer;

- print the picture and put transparent (transparent) layer;

- on the canvas cause the PVC flakes (chips), and then the second transparent PVC layer;

- put back the PVC layer;

- produce mechanical embossing of the surface layer;

- put the print back side;

- perform the operation of applying varnish with UV protection;

- cut sheet edges;

- control the quality of finished products;

- raspakovyvat, pack and label the finished products.

The industrial feasibility of the method lies in the choice of material underlay, its dense connections from frontal areas; the possibility of operational application of paste PVC and chips, applying a protective layer or layers of varnish with UV protection and application temperature gelation and cooling, with the possibility of printing images images on the front and back match them of the surfaces of the canvas.

The economic feasibility of the new method is an optimal choice feeding speed of the fabric in an automated line for the production of floor coverings, the selection of the most implemented drawings, color tones of images, obtaining appropriate flexibility canvas and consumer density of the new material.

The method of manufacture of floor coverings, including the preparation of a roll of fiberglass and preparation of gluing components, while providing the processing of bonded joints using adhesive tape and an additional heat treatment, create a solid connection of the abutting ends of the paintings, is equal to the voltage across the gap of the glass, then the blade of the glass are served in the two-loop unwinding compensator, when the feeding speed of the glass fiber is not more than 20 m/min to produce a drawing of polyvinylchloride (PVC), paste a primer layer on the canvas of glass fibre, which is directed to the area of the infrared emitter for curing the paste, the canvas outer surface pressed against the heating zone thermobaby when the contact temperature of 145-150°For the gelatin and make contact cooling at a temperature of 25°C, chilled on the front surface, apply primer face layer is PVC, which heliroute at 145-150°C and perform contact cooling of the surface layer to°C, the canvas is turned face down and served in the Department of printing for applying a printed pattern with a minimum thickness of 0.5 μm on the front side of the sheet, due to the transfer of the printed ink pattern engraved on 3-6 printing rollers, at a temperature of 80-120°C are drying the engraved image, the canvas is turned faceup and the top put the first transparent layer PVC paste, which heliroute at a temperature of 145-150°C and cooled to 25°C, after which the cloth serves on the alluvial device and put a layer of PVC flakes, which are bonded to the first transparent layer paste PVC and form a volumetric image provide gelation in the heating zone at a temperature of 145-150°C, the smooth canvas from the front surface, while press the flakes in a transparent PVC layer, and cooled to 25°C, put the second transparent layer on the front surface of the canvas, delirous and cooled, then the canvas is turned face down and put the paste PVC on the back side on top, canvas heliroute when temperature variations 175-195°C and cooled at 14-25°C, faceup cloth, if necessary, serves on the mechanical embossing, where the canvas face passes the infrared area the field is heated to 40-60°C, followed by the canvas the operation t is in figure a relief profile height from 1 to 3 mm at the same for all operations of the speed of the fabric up to 20 m/min and the temperature then cooling to 20-25°C, on the back side of the sheet to produce the printing, the canvas is served in the drying chamber, where the process of drying cloth at 100-150°C, the fabric is cooled down and put on its front side lacquer UV protection, produce the drying and cooling of varnish at a temperature of 80-100°C, the fabric is cooled, trim the edges, carry out a visual inspection of the surface coating, classify its quality classes, read the meter, is wound on the liner in rolls, labeled and packaged products.



 

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1 ex

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2 tbl

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2 tbl

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2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

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EFFECT: increased decorative effect, improved wear resistance, heat and sound isolating properties and sanitary and hygienic qualities of rolled covering.

2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

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