Device and method to separate and transfer substrates

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to separation and transfer of plate substrates (102), for example solar plates. In compliance with this invention, separation occurs in fluid medium. Adhesion forces originate between grip (108) and separated substrate (102), due to thin fluid film, to adhere to grip (108). Proposed device comprises carrier (104) located in fluid medium to support substrates (102) arranged in feed direction (105), one after another, as a stack (103). It includes also device (107) to separate and transfer at least one substrate, which incorporates aforesaid grip (108) with appliances to receive substrate and to divert carrier (104) therefrom. It comprises also jet device (117) to open a portion of substrate stack in fan-like manner, and clamping element (122) to react against opened substrates (102).

EFFECT: efficient and safe separation of plate substrates.

18 cl, 20 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for the separation and transportation of the substrates. The substrate is made in the form of plates and are fragile. For the separation provided by the support device, which takes a single substrate with the formation of the pile and holds it ready for separation. Retrieves the device carries out the process of separation and transportation.

In addition, the invention relates to a method for separation and transport in the stack of substrates.

"Substrate"made in the form of plates flat and generally rectangular. Get them in the process of sawing unit. They have envelopes edges, made essentially straight, and the corners can be made rectangular, rounded or beveled.

Several are located on top of each other or next to each other, or each other substrates form"stack". If the surface of the substrate is horizontal, talking about "lying" the stack; if the surface is vertical, this corresponds to "standing" to pile standing next to each other substrates. Separate the substrate is already separated from the need for a process of cutting the restraint and are freely and independently from each other. Often, however, a separate substrate due to the previous process of cutting even the tender is consequently coupled with their surfaces. In the normal case, further processing is necessary to disconnect the thus collected in the stack of substrates. This means that each find themselves at the end of a vertically positioned stack substrate by means of a special device must be separated from the stack and transferred to the next process.

"The direction of the pile"substrates in the stack is controlled by the position of the detachable substrate. The individual substrates are oriented so that they are essentially pressed their surfaces to each other. The direction of the pile in case accurately and completely adjacent to each other surfaces of the substrates corresponds to the direction normal to the surface of the substrate or substrates, and the positive direction indicates the end of the pile, which should be taken detachable substrate. If this substrate is located on the right side located in a bearing device "standing" of the stack, the stack is pointing arrow to the right.

"The feed direction of the stack, essentially corresponds to the direction of the pile.

"Starting the stack" refers to the end of the stack of substrates, on which the following is detachable substrate. This is the end that is facing in the feed direction. However, if they say anything at all about "the end of the pile", then in more detail the e is specified, whether it's the beginning of the stack or on its opposite end.

Positioned essentially vertically stacked substrates are located in"host device". In this case, one edge of each of the substrate adjacent to the supporting device. The latter places the stack, for example, after cutting and/or removal of glue, often used for fixing the first cut of the substrate on the holding plate, and transports it to retrieve the device, which should happen separation. The support device is preferably made in such a way that it places the stack of substrates as a whole, i.e., the individual substrates are essentially surface adhering to each other, respectively, one after another.

If desired, the support device can provide a certain tilting of the substrate, touching the surface relative to the initial direction of the pile, so that occurs structurally defined angle of tilt of the substrate relative to the initial direction of the pile, which in the framework of the present invention is denoted by α. He concluded between the normal to the substrate surface and the direction of flow, and you should choose the normal to the surface of the same side of the substrate that faces, rather, in the feed direction, so that the angles can SOS is hawlati from -90° to +90°. Positive angles indicate tilting of the substrate ago (against the direction of feed), and negative - forward (feed direction). The preferred angles are in the range from +5° to +35°; particularly preferred angles from 15° to +20°.

Under"adhesion"mean force between two surfaces forces arising due to the convergence of these two surfaces. As described in the invention the adhesive forces must occur in a fluid environment, requires a reduction between both surfaces of the liquid volume that can principally be implemented due to displacement and/or suction. To accomplish the task most careful treatment of the substrates, the reduction is only so much that between the surfaces remains liquid film.

"Extracting deviceserves for the separation and removal of the substrate from the stack. While located at one end of the releasable pile substrate is captured extracting unit, for example by suction, is separated from the stack and fed to the next processing or transportation. Retrieves the device serves for removal of the detachable substrate from a pile. In this"removing"can occur in several ways. First, the extraction can occur is arranged in the direction of the pile, i.e. due to the extraction device detachable substrate is captured and is parallel to the plane of the next substrate in the direction of the pile, so that between the discharge and the following substrates due to the existing adhesion occur tensile and compressive forces. Secondly, may provide for the removal of the substrate due to the offsets of the next substrate, so that between the two substrates occur only cutting efforts. This detachable substrate is shifted up or removed in the direction of the plane of the corresponding substrate, preferably approximately perpendicular to the plane of the carrier device.

Depending on the direction of the retrieve on a detachable backplate and still in the stack of the substrate are so different efforts of different sizes, and these efforts affected, first of all, the substrate, the following for recoverable substrate.

For separation of the stack of substrates provided by its location together with a bearing device in a fluid environment. Under “fluid medium” here refers essentially of a liquid medium. There are"inkjet devicesthat provide wrap medium stacks of substrates on the side or sides and/or bottom, or top in such a way that creates flow of aimed at the stack of substrates and causes Veera brazee disclosure of individual substrates and to keep them at a distance from each other. This means that between the individual substrates occurs filled with fluid medium period.

In one preferred embodiment, this fan-shaped disclosure may be supported by other appropriate means, such as located in particular in the area of the fan-shaped disclosure of ultrasonic emitters. It is preferable, in particular, when the adhesive forces between the adjacent substrates so large that otherwise the penetration of the liquid takes place only very slowly.

"Positioning"serves to establish the position and/or position of the detachable substrate and/or of the stack of substrates. If respectively located electronics with the sensor receives a corresponding signal, which is equivalent to the fact that the extracted substrate is in the correct position and the position for separation included retrieves the device. If the detachable liner is not attached in the correct orientation and position to the device positioning is another signal that must then be interpreted accordingly. In addition, the determination device may serve to move the detachable substrate by suitable, for example, geometric, forced conditions in the desired position, it is necessary imoe to signal for extracting device, and/or to keep there base.

In one of the known methods of manufacturing substrates used, for example, for the manufacture of solar or semiconductor wafers, used silicon blocks or columns (called in this case blocks of substrates), sawn into thin fragile wafers (called the substrate). Made thus substrates generally have a thickness from several tens to 300 μm and is made, usually square or rectangular. They are then preferably corresponding to the length of the edges to 210 mm

For cutting blocks of substrates usually stick to the restraint. It usually consists of a metal holder, which consists of glass as an intermediate holder, and the processed block of substrates bonded to the glass. As an alternative to run of the restraint can be used in accordance with the prior art and other materials.

For manufacturing these substrates must be completely cut the block of the substrate on the plate, so he cut takes place outside of the unit substrates to glass. After the cut is made so the substrate remains coupled one edge of the glass due to adhesive bonding. After complete cutting unit substrates on OTDELENIE substrate occurs comb structure.

Before a separate substrate having a plate shape, will be separated from the restraint occurs, as a rule, pre-cleaning.

For the implementation of the process of sawing requires a medium containing, mainly, glycol and, optionally, other chemical additives, as well as separation means, such as grains of silicon carbide. This environment is called "liquid solution" ("Slurry") and is used to carry out cutting operation. In the normal case in the space between the individual cut substrates is always some residue of the solution. In the worst case, during the process or after it, the solution turns into a paste-like structure, because it is mixed with emerged from a block of silicon substrate particles and dust from used for cutting operation of the saw wire and separating means or certain components of the mixture react with each other. Due to its consistency of the solution adheres to the surface of the plate. Despite pre-treatment, following in the normal case for sawing blocks of the substrate, between the substrate and often still are the remains of the mixture.

In WO 01/28745 described methods and devices for separating the plate substrate, and the separation occurs under dry conditions, i.e. in the e fluid baths. Only through nozzles may be wetting of the substrate. Device type robot takes detachable substrate by a suction device (active creation of rarefaction of the gas, for example, using a vacuum pump), resulting substrate is separated from the restraint due to the vibrating motion of the device. This vibrating movement occurs in different directions. Capture detachable substrate occurs via located over its surface and is fixed on the device, the suction device. To release the substrate inside the suction device generates a certain high pressure gas, so that the separated substrate can again be removed from the device.

From DE 19900671 A1 known methods and devices for separating plate-type substrates, in particular wafers. Asked to keep a distance from each other by directing a jet of fluid plate coupled directly after the cutting operation and is attached to the restraint of one side (edge). The wedge device provides a separation of the detachable substrate from the holding device. At the same time separated substrate is removed from the restraint by similar gripping the arm of the device containing the suction device.

From DE 69722071 T2 a device for insertion into an element for storing plates, obtained by sawing a block of substrates. Suggested behaviors that allow you to capture substrates round or oval in cross-section, and send them to the design in the form of rack. Several substrates simultaneously captured and transferred to a support surface, the host disconnected substrate.

From DE 19904834 A1 is known a device for separating a thin fragile plate substrates. The unit substrates with already sawed-off substrates is filled with fluid medium capacity. In contrast to the known prior art restraint along with fixed on the substrate is oriented vertically, so that the detachable substrate is parallel to the surface of the fluid. The wedge device provides separation between the glass plate and detachable substrate. Located in the immediate vicinity of the substrate conveyor belt allows removal of separated and pop-up substrates. The shifting device is used to bring the restraint is always in the same position and offset horizontally to clinovia device for separating the respective substrate. On the other side of the belt conveyor provided by the device, with OSU which separated substrates are automatically placed in the rack. The aim of the Department is to stack separated lamellar substrate after removal from the restraint and placed in the specified device or directly to systematically stacked on each other.

In EP 0762483 A1 describes a device with which, including, can be the separation of the planar substrate. The latter are already in the disconnected state in the host device, where they are still in contact surfaces. For separation and transfer to the container substrate is removed from the stack by means of the pusher and, if necessary, with the help of rollers and/or jets of liquid, and the substrate must be in a horizontal, i.e. supine, position. In accordance with the above explanation of the substrate are therefore in the form of "lying" stack located on top of each other substrates. Alternatively, this publication describes the separation through the use of suction cups, which during the whole process of capture and transport must be supplied with gas by the vacuum and is directly linked to the substrate, i.e. without the protective liquid film between the suction Cup and the surface of the substrate.

The most gentle separation of the respective substrates by known methods, however, is difficult and involves a number of weeks the mistakes.

For separation of the desired movements require complicated devices, since it is desirable to refrain from manual control. Since, however, the substrates are very fragile and thin plate substrate, they cannot be recovered by conventional systems, similar to the gripping hand. For this purpose it is necessary to provide very accurate and sensitive device.

The prior art, generally, such devices, which capture the appropriate substrate by means of the suction device. Immediately after the supply of the suction device to the flat detachable substrate between them by means of the vacuum pump creates a gas vacuum, so you can grip the substrate manipulator. However, caution is required, since the detachable substrate due to a too strong vacuum can break.

In contrast to these methods, in which between the two surfaces must be created by the vacuum or negative pressure of at least 1 mbar, while maintaining the liquid film between the surfaces of the adhesion according to the invention caused by depression, which is much weaker vacuum and is, for example, 0.3 to 0.5 bar, preferably about 0.4 bar.

Another critical aspect consists in that the manipulator is applied to the appropriate substrate, i.e. should to is to return it. Since the substrate is in any case should not tesnyatsya, you need precise positioning. It is, however, difficult because, first, provided by the relative movement of the holding device for positioning a detachable substrate in the area of restraint, and it is, thus, the corresponding degrees of freedom. Therefore, possible tolerances, which result in possible damage to the detachable substrate. Secondly, such movement occurs, as a rule, in a fluid environment, so there is a danger that due to the separate movements of the devices will have flow pressure, in particular in the direction of the substrate, which can lead to the displacement position of the substrate or even to their destruction.

Carried out by hand separation conceals the danger that the very thin and fragile plate substrate will break, in particular, due to higher adhesion forces.

Object of the invention is therefore the creation of devices and methods that would be removing almost without damage to the thin, fragile and stacked substrates.

The basic idea of the invention to provide a bearing device, which is a stack arranged in series one behind the other in the feed direction of the substrate, and extracts the device, the possession is the common property of the grip located at the beginning of the stack substrate over its directed from the pile surface, minor removal from the next substrate, and then drain parallel to the orientation of its surface from the pile and, thereby, from the host device. Significant is the fact that located in a fluid environment, the stack of substrates is flown created by the nozzles flow, resulting, in particular, located at the free end of the stack of substrates are held at a distance from each other. Through this prevents the adhesion between the respective substrates. At the same time this thread calls between the individual substrates the formation of a liquid damping cushion, and there is a damping action on the detachable substrate while supplying the extraction device, than you can avoid the destruction of the individual substrates. Gripping hand retrieve device takes detachable substrate capture in such a way that standing between him and the substrate fluid in largely is extracted through the made in the capture of holes or perforations and/or squeezed by approximation, so that with the formation of a sufficiently small gap arise adhesive forces, continued without further extraction and/or extrusion, resulting in the capture creates a current to the substrate on the surface of the adhesion force.

Thus, the solution C is giving is to create a device according to claim 1 and/or method in accordance with features of article 16 of the claims.

One of the significant advantages of the invention is that the substrate can be separated without destruction in fast cycle completely and automatically.

The basic idea is that oriented essentially perpendicular to the feed direction, but slightly at an angle to the substrate inside the stacks of fan-shaped disclosed through the jet device. Preferably the first five to ten substrates are streamed created by the nozzles flows, so that the separate substrates are held at a distance from each other and between them there are the so-called liquid damping cushion. As against the direction of the pile or feed on the substrate acting force, a separate substrate under way on not compressed; on the contrary, completely across the surface creates a counter force, which, however, within certain limits ensures the residual mobility of the substrate, which, in particular, at the beginning of the pile. This counter force together with residual mobility is used to capture retrieves the device could cuddle up to a detachable substrate. Without indirect damping means located between the open fan-shaped substrates of the liquid damping cushions substrate with high probability would break.

If we are talking about standing headquarters of the Le, the gripper preferably introduced above, i.e. parallel to the longitudinal extent of the relevant substrates and, thus, across the direction of the pile, and then supplied to the detachable substrate. In one preferred embodiment, performed in the capture of holes or perforations are used for pumping liquid from the gap between the grip and detachable substrate. This requires the active vacuum that can be created within or outside of the device dynamic methods (e.g., pump)static methods (tank low pressure) or in other ways. If the gripper and the substrate are in direct contact with each other so that between them there is only a very thin liquid film (from a few nanometers to 50 microns), in narrow gap arise adhesive forces, which now provide spontaneous adhesion of the substrate with capture. To maintain an active vacuum is no longer required.

In one alternative embodiment, the desired adhesion can also be caused by the displacement of fluid between the surfaces due to their convergence, and according to the invention is also considered a combination of these options.

These adhesive forces, in particular, is higher than the current for the next substrate, so removing the detachable substrate gripper can the t to occur parallel to the surface direction of the next substrate. On detachable substrate are only a small cutting efforts, resulting in the percentage of damage is greatly reduced. Tensile and compressive efforts prevented. When correspondingly large surface contact adhesion force is also higher than the efforts created a temporary vacuum. Probably faster to the beat of a time removing from a pile of substrates. The adhesive forces then so great that they are depending on the geometric capture and mass of the substrate to provide adhesion to the substrate with a seizure even without the active vacuum, in particular when the substrate is outside surrounding the stack of substrates of fluid. This should draw attention to the fact that take into account the functional relationship of the diameter and number of holes on the surface of the capture area capture, and the amount of dilution required for sucking and sucking substrate.

The capture is performed preferably in such a way that it consists solely of timber. As an alternative variants can be envisaged square, finger-, O-, U-shaped, triangular and acuminate (V-shaped) in the direction of motion capture or flat grips. This capture can be performed as essentially rigid, and essentially flexible. Features the preferred options such which have a small hydrodynamic resistance in the direction of motion capture and/or create the least possible turbulence when removing the substrate from the stack and further separating movement. In all embodiments, the grips have the advantage that for different sizes of substrates is only one seizure and that the principle of entrainment detachable substrate may be functionally reliably carried out also for those substrates that are already broken and therefore no longer have the usual dimensions. Another advantage is that the capture in one embodiment, can be taken substrates of different formats. This is because not achieved suction effect, and the adhesion force, which is on the surface of contact between the gripper and the substrate.

In another embodiment, the capture can be performed also in the form of a flexible strip of suitable material, such as plastic, which is particularly preferably made so that its surface is permeable to the fluid, causing the latter can be absorbed and distributed, as well as to be replaced. This may be holes or porous core material. Required for suction underpressure can be created using a located at the end of the stack of substrates, essentially, a fixed device is TBA, at the beginning of the process engages adjacent to free the back side of the tape and sucks the liquid through the holes, while the front side of the tape and capture the substrate is not sufficiently converge. After the described formation of the adhesion tape can take adhering the substrate, and a thin liquid film at any time is saved.

According to the invention a vacuum is created at the beginning of phase retrieval. Even if a vacuum should be maintained only to education called fluid film between the substrate and the contact surface of the engagement, it may be supported also by laying substrate transport device.

Self support device is designed so that it can take at least one stack consisting of multiple substrates or wafers. In addition, the support device includes tools that guarantee a certain inclination of the individual substrate, and the inclination is created in such a way that the angle α between the direction of flow of the pile and pointing, rather, in the feed direction normal to the substrate surface is greater than 0°, i.e. positive. In the case of standing stacks that means lying on the host device, the edge of the substrate located in the direction of flow in front of the top edge. This gives the advantage that the grip can immerse yourself in cucuy environment in parallel to this direction and to remove the substrate also in this direction. This prevents tipping forward in a fluid medium standing stacks upon further movement of the carrier device and, thereby, the loss of pile orientation of his position.

Thus, the support device is configured to move at least in one direction. Preferably it is arranged to move in the feed direction, namely first up until the first detachable substrate stacks will not get to the device positioning. Then it is moved, for example, the steps, the length of which preferably corresponds to a specific, in the normal case constant throughout the stack thickness of the substrate, namely, up until the last substrate of the pile will not be supplied to retrieve the device. Alternatively, the support device may be made stationary. In this case, it would require a suitable means for moving stacks of substrates on the host device in the feed direction. Alternatively or additionally, the gripper and the device positioning can be positioned, respectively, greater degrees of freedom, so that they could move against the direction of feed towards the beginning of the stack.

Device positioning is a device with which the re is astronauts position and the position of the detachable substrate. For this purpose, provided that the determination device contains provisions clamping pins oriented in the direction of the stack of substrates. By reducing the distance between the device determining the position and the stack of substrates fan-shaped drop-down beginning of the stack is oriented up until detachable liner will not fit all provided for clamping the pins. Additional sensor element, for example in the form of a touch sensor, delivers a corresponding signal, resulting in the seizure may include preferably between clamping pins to separate the detachable substrate and to take her.

If the stack contains the substrate, the thickness of which exceeds that required for adjustment of the clamping elements, the average thickness and, thus, the resulting width of the step, this condition is registered by the device positioning, so that the stack of substrates respectively moved in the feed direction until the next detachable substrate is not in contact with the clamping elements.

Alternatively or additionally, the determination device may be supplemented by a goniometer. Thus, the position of the detachable substrate can be accurately determined and, if desired, raised as measured values for quality control detachable substrate.

Also by performing the extracting device and given that extraction of the substrate across the direction of the pile on the detachable substrate not apply or apply only a small tensile or compressive force. Preferably it retrieves the device is made in such a way that the extraction is performed parallel to the surface length of the corresponding substrate, so that it acted as little as possible tensile, compressive or bending forces. This capture can be done in a separate engagement, and in the form of a tape.

Further transport is preferably in a fluid environment. However, you can also output the capture of the fluid and laying capture adhering due to adhesion of the substrate transport device, e.g. the conveyor belt, so that fluid was squeezed out through the made in the capture of holes in the direction of the substrate, so that is planar, the substrate can be separated from the capture simply and without impact on the existing external tensile and/or compressive forces.

The cycle is repeated arbitrarily often.

One of the significant advantages of another embodiment of the invention is that the provided capture in his approach to the substrate may have a certain tolerance. You do not want the capture was stopped just before the detachable substrate was positioned there. On the contrary, the damping arising from the location of the substrate in the fluid and through the jet device can be preferably used when capturing moving with a small force against the feed direction of the stack of substrates, creating a surface contact with detachable substrate, which due beyond liquid damping cushion set pliable.

Another advantage of the invention relates to a device with which existing between capture and substrate adhesion forces are mechanically and thereby spontaneously, so that each individual substrate relatively independently of their size and the external circuit can be without destroying the simple the image is extracted, even partially cleared through the transport fluid and transferred to a particular device, for example on the transport device.

Another alternative extraction device is a device having a certain degree of flexibility, so that compensation of tolerances in the area of positioning in relation to the planar location of capture to the detachable substrate. During this engagement, the manipulator and/or the connection between the two parts is flexible and therefore with the possibility of deformation.

For increasing the clock time for separation in one particularly preferred embodiment provides an additional means for removing the separated substrate extraction device. During the time interval in which the substrate is placed this additional means to the conveyor belt to retrieve the device can take from a pile to the other substrate. Alternatively or additionally may be provided with two essentially identically extracting device installed with a shift in phase.

Other preferred variants are given in the following description, claims and drawings.

In the drawings represent:

- figure 1: schematic representation of the principle of the device according to the invention, in private is the process of separation and transportation of the detachable substrate;

- figure 2: schematic example of the device of figure 1, a side view,

- figure 3: schematic version of figure 2 in the future;

- figa: schematically the first step of the method with the device of figure 2, a side view,

- FIGU: schematically the first step of the method with the device of figure 2 in the future;

- figa: schematically the second step of the method with the device of figure 2, a side view,

- FIGU: schematically the second step of the method with the device of figure 2 in the future;

- figa: schematically the third step of the method with the device of figure 2, a side view,

- FIGU: schematically the third step of the method with the device of figure 2 in the future;

- figa: schematically the fourth step of the method with the device of figure 2, a side view,

- FIGU: schematically the fourth step of the method with the device of figure 2 in the future;

- figa: schematically the fifth step of the method with the device of figure 2, a side view,

- FIGU: schematically the fifth step of the method with the device of figure 2 in the future;

- figa: schematically the sixth step of the method with the device of figure 2, a side view,

- FIGU: schematically the sixth step of the method with the device of figure 2 in the future.

1 schematically depicts the basic idea of the device 101 and method according to the invention. The device 101 is intended for the separation and transportation of the plate substrate 102.

In the depicted example, the substrate 102 are in PCs is bele 103, moreover, the stack 103 is installed in the host device 104. Separate the substrate 102 is already separated from the holding device. Preferably normal to indicate, rather, in the feed direction to the surfaces of the individual substrates 102 are arranged at an angle α (angle, 2) to the feed direction. When placing the device in a fluid environment in the case of standing stack 103 is inclined position prevents a separate substrate 102 pop up or involuntarily left the support device 104. In addition, a separate substrate 102 easier to take are described in detail below extracting device 107.

Individual, is planar substrate 102 are arranged in series so that their surfaces are in contact. Between them are adhesive forces arising due to the very small gap between the substrates, on the one hand, and, in the case of pollution, for example in the preceding cut. Due to this arrangement of the substrate 102 give a certain direction 105 submission.

The substrate depicted in the drawings schematically. This is a schematic block indicates that the substrate in this area is very densely adjoin to each other. In another area, namely in the area of extraction, fan-shaped substrate is disclosed and have a period. The adhesive forces between the open fan-shaped substrates prefer is Ino equal to zero.

Further, provided extracting device 107, is made in the form of capture. In this example it is shown schematically and includes, essentially, one grip 108. It is the manipulator (figa), which allows you to move and/or rotate the grip 108 in different directions. Preferably the capture is made to rotate in the direction of arrow 110 and around the axis of the arrow 112.

Further, provided transport device 113. It consists of a conveyor belt 114 is driven through the axis 115 in the direction of arrow 116.

Preferably provided that at least certain parts of the device 101, namely, the support device 104, a stack 103 of the substrate, and part of the extracting device 107 is located in a fluid environment. Thus, the substrate throughout the way, at least, until they were laying on the transport device are dry. If necessary, the remaining parts of the extracting device 107 and the transport device 113 may also be located in a fluid environment, and the transport device alternatively may also contain its own funds to wetting of the substrate.

Further, to improve the separation of the respective substrate 102 is provided, at least one jet device with nozzles 117 118 through which fluid is fed into the gaps 119, each gap 119 is located between the detachable 102 and 102 following substrates. Preferably, each gap 119 is retained until fluid flows from the nozzles 118 in the gaps 119. Preferably in a particular zone, in which there are several substrates 102, the gaps 119 are formed between every two substrates 102.

In order to avoid having to separate the substrate 102 left support device 104 through the thread, there is a presser element 122, which in this example contains, essentially, pinch the pins 123. When moving the stack of substrates in the feed direction of the detachable substrate is pressed against the clamping pins 123, resulting in a force counter to the force created by flowing fluid in the gaps 119.

In the intervals 119 there are so-called liquid cushions that ensure retention at a distance from each other separate, adjacent to the respective liquid cushion of the substrate 102. Further, these liquid pillows have this property, because of the counter-force exerted, first, the clamping element 122, and also due to the convergence of the grip 108 with detachable substrate 102 occurs damping action.

On FIGU capture device 108 107 is already parallel to the surface of the substrate 102. The grip 108 is moved in parallel according to the article the tree 110, at the next step - to the surface of the substrate 102, namely as long as he will not communicate with detachable substrate 102 (figs). Due to the pressure of convergence produced by the capture 108, when he touches the substrate 102, is reduced corresponding to the interval between the two substrates 102. Due to the location of the fluid within the gap 119 between the releasable substrates 102 occurs damping effect. On figs activated the holes in the grip 108 (not shown) by creating a vacuum. It leads to the fact that the grip 108 pressive detachable substrate 102 so that the gap between it and the grip 108 is very greatly reduced, and between the contact surfaces is formed of the adhesion force. Fan-shaped disclosure contributes to the leakage of fluid from the nozzles 118.

The grip 108, together with the adhering substrate 102 moves according fig.1D as long as he will not be able to put it on a transport device 113. During this process a block of underlay and gripper have to move towards the direction 105 of the feeder so that subsequent movement of the eject pinch pins 123 are in contact with the surface of the substrate. Alternatively, to release the plate, the device determining the position can be slightly moved in the feed direction. Both these movements can combine the I. On five substrate 102 is a surface on the conveyor belt 114. On fig.1F for the Department following the substrate 102 grip 108 is again moved into position on figv.

The adhesive force produced by the suction of the detachable substrate 102, is designed in such a way that they are sufficient to transport fluid captured by the capture 108 of the substrate 102.

Figure 2 and 3 schematically shows a device 201, which is compared with figure 1 represents a refinement of the basic idea.

The device 201 is intended, in particular, for the separation and transportation of the plate substrate 102.

In the depicted example, the substrate 202 are located in the stacks 203, the latter is located in the host device 204, and a separate substrate 202 is already separated from the restraint.

Preferably a separate substrate 202 are arranged at an angle α of inclination (figure 2), concluded between the direction 205 filing and indicate, rather, in the feed direction normal to the substrate surface. When placing the device in a fluid environment and in a standing position stacks 203 inclined position prevents a separate substrate 202 pop up and involuntarily left support device 204. Substrate 202 are arranged so that their surfaces are in contact. Separate the substrate 202 is formed due to this, a number POPs the surrounding certain direction 205 filing.

Further, provided extracting unit 207, made in the form of capture. In this example it is shown schematically and includes, essentially, one grip 208. It is a pointing device 209, which allows you to move and/or rotate the gripper 208 in different directions (arrows 210, 211, 212). Capture 208 and the arm 209 together form the gripping hand.

Further, provided transport device 213. It consists of a conveyor belt 214, driven by the axis 215 in the direction of arrow 216.

In a preferred embodiment provides that at least certain parts of the device 201, namely, the support device 204, the stack of substrates 203 and part extracting unit 207 are located in a fluid environment. Thus, the substrate throughout the way, at least, until they were laying on the transport device is not vysohnutb need the other part extracting unit 207 and the transport device 213 can also be located in a fluid environment, the latter alternative may also contain its own funds to wetting of the substrate.

Further, to improve the separation of the respective substrates 202 near the beginning of the pile is at least one jet device 217 with nozzles 218, through which fluid is fed the period 219, and it occurs between the detachable 202 and 202 following substrates. Nozzles 218 are, in particular, in the area of the pile 203, which is designed specifically for fan-shaped opening. As a rule, this concerns at least the first four to nine substrates 202, following the detachable substrate 202. Due to this, there are several gaps 219, and each gap 219 is limited to left and right one substrate 202. Inside the gap 219 is formed a liquid cushion having damping properties.

Next, figure 2 and 3 shows the device 220 positioning. It consists, essentially, of the additional arm 221 and located on its free end of the clamping element 222. The latter contains clamping pins 223, which in a certain position touch the surface of the respective substrates 202 or lead them through touch in a certain position and hold it. Additional pointing device 221 is mounted for movement in the direction of arrow 230 and against it.

Further, the device 220 of the positioning contains the sensor element 224. Its task is to determine if pressed presser element 222 and/or if pressed clamping pins 223 to the detachable substrate 202.

One particular variant of this sensor element 224 is depicted in figure 2 and 3. He fur is practical feeling establishes the presence of the detachable substrate 202. This includes different positions detected by the sensors 229 approximation. The sensor element 224 has a crank-arm running, and it is installed on the hinge 225 can be rotated in the direction of arrow 226 and against it. One free end 227 is used to fit to the recorded surface of the substrate 202. The other free end 228 is designed for placement in the area of sensor 229 approximation. The sensor element 224 is the basic position when the free end 227 of the substrate 202 is not registered. End 227 is located on an imaginary line between the free ends of the clamping pins 223 and the other free end 228 is designed so that the distance between it and the sensor 229 approximation is almost zero. As soon as the end of the 227 feels the pressure sensor element 224 is rotated, and the distance between the end of the sensor 228 and 229 of the approximation increases. If he took the pre-calibrated position, it can automatically be set, whether adjacent the substrate 202 to the free ends of the Chuck pins 223. In the absence of pressure on the end 227 of the sensor element 224 is back in its original position. In alternative versions of the sensor element 224 (not shown) the determination of the presence of the substrate and its provisions can also occur through other suitable condition is of hardware, for example, optical or acoustic proximity sensors, and, if necessary, you can also abandon the mechanical transmission of information about a contact by means of a bent lever and hinge 225.

The presser element 222 is preferably at an angle to the arm 221 corresponding to the angle α of inclination. Thus, a separate clamping pins 223 are preferably the same length.

Alternatively it can be provided that the clamping element 222 is perpendicular to the arm 221, and the clamping pins 223 are different lengths, so that in the position shown their free ends always touch the surface of the substrate 202.

The principle of operation of the device 220, the positioning is such that the stack of substrates 203 is moved in the direction of the 205 filing, namely as long as the detachable surface of the substrate 202 will not touch the free ends of the clamping pins 223 of the clamping device 222. When accurate location and position of orientation of the detachable substrate 202 of the sensor element 224 is rotated by one of the arrows 226, and the sensor 229 approximation registers the correct position.

If the position of the detachable substrate 202 precise position, the extraction unit 207 is formed in clamping pins 223 gap and takes the detachable substrate 202.

Below with the help of figure 4 is explained in more detail the individual steps of the method.

On figa, 4B shows the so-called situation boot device 201. Support device 204 is ready to receive a stack of substrates (not shown).

Due to the respective funds are already set to the desired angle α of inclination of the pile. Retrieves the device 207 and the device 220 positioning are in their original position and can be moved by arrows 210 and 230, respectively. The sensor element 224 located on prijemnom element 222, is also in its original position and does not register any adjoining the holding pins 223 of the substrate.

Capture 208 retrieves device 207 is also in its initial position so that it may enter between the clamping pins 223 of the clamping element 222.

Transport device 213 is ready for receiving substrates. Nozzle 218 flow device 217 is still off.

On figa and 5B, the support device 204 loaded pile 203 of the substrate. It is, accordingly, a stack 203 is moved in the direction of the 205 filing, namely up until positioned by movement in the direction of arrow 230, the device 220 positioning will not take a definite position. In this position, the presser element 222 or clamping pins 223 touch the surface of the detachable substrate 202.

For certain the exact position and shape of the orientation of the substrate 202 of the nozzle 218 jet in which trojstva 217 direct the fluid to the stack 203, so at least one part fan-shaped disclosed and there are slit-like gaps 219. The pressing of the clamping element 222 prevents further fan the disclosure of individual substrates 202. This ensures that the substrate 202 remain on the host device 204. If the fan disclosure detachable substrate 202 reaches the appropriate position, then the exact position of the touch is detected by block 224. Otherwise, the device 220 determine the position moves further in the direction of arrow 230 and/or the stack 203 fan will continue to unfold. If both measures are not reached to touch the block 224 filed a corresponding signal to the liberation of the extracting device 207, reported about the problem.

On figa and 6B of the nozzle 218 continue to apply the fluid in the gap 219, so that in the intervals 219 arose the so-called liquid cushion. It creates a corresponding damping action between the individual substrates. Then there is a release due to the correct position the position of the substrate 202, since the sensor element 224 is rotated so that the sensor 229 approximation is triggered.

Extraction unit 207 moves in the direction of arrow 210 so that the grip 208 is between the clamping pins 223 of the clamping element 222 device is and 220 determine the position and gets in a zone adjoining the surface of the detachable substrate 202. Turn retrieves device 207 by the arrow 211 causes the seal grip 208 to the surface of the substrate 202. Due to adhesive forces, which increase, in particular due to the fact that between the gripper 208 and the surface of the detachable substrate 202 occurs, the vacuum, the substrate can be extracted against the arrow 210 (figa, 7B). Alternatively or additionally provided with a rotation of the grip in the direction of arrow 212 (figa)will not occur until its contact surface to the surface of the substrate 202. In the detachable substrate is released and may be removed by the arrow 210 (figa, 7B) for its installation then the transport device 213.

On figa, 7B in order to avoid damage to the surface of the detachable substrate 202 or the presser element 222 a little play back or support device 204 or a stack of substrates 203 little is given back against the direction 205 filing. The sensor element 224 turns back to its original position, and the proximity sensor registers that the detachable substrate 202 is no longer adjacent to the holding pins 223.

On figa, 8B during the period of time in which to retrieve the device 207 or, respectively, his grip 208 is rotated in the direction of arrow 212 for laying detachable substrate 202 on the transport device 213 or conveyor belt 214, the support device II, accordingly, the stack of substrates 203 moves again in the direction of the 205 filing to the device 220 determine the position until again be fit detachable substrate 202 to the clamping element 222 or the holding pins 223.

Laying substrate 202 through extracting device 207 shown in figa, 9V. The substrate 202 is placed on a conveyor belt 214 transport device 213 and is discharged through the actuator on the axis 215 in the direction of arrow 216.

Either during this process or after him through the jet device 217 or nozzles 218 in the gaps 219 stack 203 is fed back fluid so that a corresponding fan-shaped opening, namely up until detachable substrate 202 is adjacent to the holding pins 223 of the clamping element 222 device 220 positioning. When this sensor unit 224 generates a signal to capture the detachable substrate 202 retrieves device 207. Thus, the process is repeated as often as required.

As will be retrieved from the stacks 203 last substrate 202, the absence of substrates 202 registers the pressure element 222 or touch element 224 and served the appropriate error message.

The adhesive force produced by the suction of the detachable substrate 202, calculated thus is om, their just enough to transport captured by the capture 208 of the substrate 202 in a fluid environment.

The present invention has been described with respect to the processing of silicon wafers. Of course according to the invention can also be processed plate substrate made of other materials, such as plastic.

The transfer reference position

101, 201 to the device

102, 202 - substrate

103,203 a stack of substrates

104, 204 - support device

105, 205 - feed direction

206 - hole

107, 207 extraction device

108, 208 - capture

209 - manipulator

110, 210 - arrow

211 - arrow

112, 212 - arrow

113, 213 - transport device

114, 214 - conveyer belt

115, 215 - axis

116, 216 - arrow

117, 217 - jet device

118, 218 - nozzle

119, 219 - period

220 - device positioning

221 - advanced manipulator

122, 222 - mounting

123, 223 - clamping pins

224 - touch

225 - hinge

226 - arrow

227 - the free end

228 - other free end

229 proximity sensor

230 - arrow

α - angle

1. The device for separation and transportation of the plate substrate, comprising essentially the following nodes:
located in the fluid bearing device (104; 204), in which a separate substrate (102; 202) RA is placed in a direction (105; 205) submission sequentially one after another, standing in the form of stacks (103; 203);
retrieves the device (107; 207) for separating and transporting at least one substrate (102; 202), and retrieves the device (107; 207) contains capture (108; 208) with means for the reception of the substrate (102; 202), and the discharge from a host device (104; 204);
inkjet device (117; 217) for fan-shaped disclosure, at least part of the pile (103; 203) of the substrate;
the pressing element (122; 222), designed to counter the open fan-shaped substrates (102; 202).

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the pressing element (122; 222) contains several clamping pins (123; 223), made with the possibility of pressing to the surface of the detachable substrate (102; 202).

3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a device (220) to establish the position and/or position of at least one of the detachable substrate (102; 202).

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the gripper (108; 208) is configured to retrieve the detachable substrate (102; 202) across or at least approximately perpendicular to the direction (105; 205) filing.

5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the extraction is performed parallel to the surface of the detachable substrate (102; 202).

6. The device according to claim 1 or 4, characterized in that zahwah is (108; 208) has openings, made with the possibility of suction or the issuance of a fluid medium.

7. The device according to claim 1 or 4, characterized in that the gripper (108; 208) is made Brusova, finger-, O-, U-, V-shaped or flat.

8. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the support device (104; 204) contains tools made with the possibility of orientation of the releasable substrate (102; 202) at an angle α of inclination.

9. The device according to claim 8, characterized in that the angle α of inclination selected so that the angle formed between the direction (105; 205) filing and normal to indicate, rather, in the feed direction of the surface of the individual substrate (102; 202) is positive, which corresponds to the inclination of the substrate ago.

10. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the support device (104; 204) mounted for movement at least in one direction.

11. The device according to claim 10, characterized in that the support device (104; 204) and/or stack (103; 203) of the substrate mounted for movement to the clamping element (122; 222).

12. The device according to claim 10, characterized in that the support device (104; 204) and/or stack (103; 203) of the substrate mounted for movement to the device (220) of the definition of provisions.

13. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it comprises a transport device (113; 213), located above the stack (13; 203) releasable substrate (102; 202).

14. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the device (220) of the positioning contains a sensor (222) for controlling the position of the substrate (202).

15. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the pressing element (122; 222) is located with the option of positioning capture (108; 208) between its clamping pins (123; 223).

16. The fan-shaped way of disclosure, separation and transportation of plate substrates with the use of the device, comprising essentially the following nodes:
located in the fluid bearing device (104; 204), in which a separate substrate (102; 202) is located in the direction (105; 205) submission sequentially one after another, standing in the form of stacks (103; 203);
retrieves the device (107; 207) for separation and transporting at least one substrate (102; 202), and retrieves the device (107; 207) contains capture (108; 208) with means for the reception of the substrate (102; 202), and the discharge from a host device (104; 204);
inkjet device (117; 217) for fan-shaped disclosure, at least part of the pile (103; 203) of the substrate;
the pressing element (122; 222), designed to counter the open fan-shaped substrates (102; 202), and the method includes the following steps:
a) moving the carrier device (104; 204), together with the stack (103; 203) of the substrate, according to the respectively, stacks (103; 203) of the substrate in the direction (105; 205) submission to the clamping element (123; 223) to achieve a position of extraction of the detachable substrate (102; 202);
b) fan-shaped opening, at least one portion of stacks (103; 203) of the substrate using an inkjet device (117; 217), with the possibility of the formation of gaps (119; 219);
C) separation of the substrate (102; 202) due to the positioning of the grip (108; 208) is almost parallel to its plane, create a contact, adhesion between the substrate (102; 202) and capture (108; 208) and extraction of the substrate (102; 202) in fluid approximately perpendicular to the direction (105; 205) filing.

17. The device according to item 16, characterized in that the extraction is performed parallel to the surface of the detachable substrate (102; 202).

18. The method according to item 16, characterized in that the inside of the pile (103; 203) of the substrate due to the fan-shaped disclosure by an inkjet device (117; 217) form gaps (119; 219), and due to the flow of the fluid jet device (117; 217) in the intervals (119; 219) forms a liquid cushion that creates a damping effect when the cart capture (108; 208) to the detachable substrate (102; 202).



 

Same patents:

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device and method for alignment on transporting support, particularly on pallet, product, easy deformed in area of bottom outside edges. Alignment facility (5) is installed with ability of displacement in the direction of product and transporting basis. For mechanical movement without damages of projecting sideways of product in limits of contour of transporting support it is used alignment facility (8) for prevention of product inclination (2) in the direction of transporting support (1) during its alignment. Alignment facility (5) is outfitted by stabilising facility (8) at section of contact area with projecting over external circuit of transporting support (1) by bottom part of product (2). By means of stabilising facility (8) it is prevented inclination of projecting sideways over outer contour of transporting support (1) of bottom part of product (2).

EFFECT: avoidance of products damage at alignment.

13 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to device for processing sheets of paper during their transportation. Device includes housing, transportation means with means of their drive, processing parts installed on transportation route. Peculiar feature of device consists in the fact that processing parts are installed so that they can be removed from housing of device. Processing part of device includes processing assembly unit and part containing processing assembly unit. The above part is provided in housing of device and includes processing assembly unit with possibility of being detached, by means of which processing part of device is installed with possibility of being detached from housing of device.

EFFECT: reducing labour input when replacing components of processing parts of device.

18 cl, 51 dwg

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: feeding apparatus contains suction moving facility for suction and moving of top sheet, inclined moving facility for sheet moving, moved by suction facility. Inclined moving facility is located after suction moving facility and moves sheet inclined to guide wall for positioning of sheet edge by guide wall. Inclined moving facility moves sheet to exit side along-track direction. Device also contains manipulating element, passing through itself only top sheet of pile, moved by suction moving facility. Manipulating element allows projection, located under suction moving facility. Feeding apparatus contains detector facility, located after manipulating facility, for disclosure of sheet, which pass through manipulating facility and suction mechanism. Suction mechanism withdraws manipulating element from sheet, passing through manipulating element, when detector facility will define back edge of sheet after detector facility will define front edge of sheet.

EFFECT: close tolerance machining of sheet after its feeding into processor casing.

4 dwg

FIELD: material transfer devices.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device and method designed to transfer sheets from stack or sheet stacks to be transferred to processing station. Proposed device comprises multiple separate-drive shafts mounted perpendicular to transfer direction in low-pressure chamber. At least one unloading element is located ahead of and at a distance from the nearest shaft to displace vertically. Previously mentioned element is linked up with the control device and to be controlled thereof. In sheets feed at least one unloading device displaces upwards when rear edge of fed sheet passes by the said unloading element to make a support for the next, the lowest sheet of the stack before the sheet fed comes off the next shaft. The shaft decelerates when the fed sheet rear edge comes off the shaft rolls.

EFFECT: high alignment of sheets fed at high feed rate.

11 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device designed to process multi-layer electro statically charged sheets consists of one strip cutter, overlapped sheets and multi-layer material strip electrostatic charger. The latter is arranged before the cutter of first conveyor and after the cutter of second conveyor. Electrostatic charger is located aligned with the cutter, between the latter and second conveyor. Proposed device designed to process multi-layer electro statically charged sheets consists of conveyor, electrostatic discharger and stacker located behind conveyor to make stacks of sheets. Electrostatic discharger is mounted nearby the stacker and incorporates the device designed to charge electro statically the compressed air with polarity opposite to that of sheets. It also comprises the device to force air towards fed sheets. Both aforesaid devices are integrated in one housing that limits the stacker and incorporates air feed device.

EFFECT: electrostatic neutralisation of sheets and accurate stack formation.

16 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device designed to process multi-layer electro statically charged sheets consists of one strip cutter, overlapped sheets and multi-layer material strip electrostatic charger. The latter is arranged before the cutter of first conveyor and after the cutter of second conveyor. Electrostatic charger is located aligned with the cutter, between the latter and second conveyor. Proposed device designed to process multi-layer electro statically charged sheets consists of conveyor, electrostatic discharger and stacker located behind conveyor to make stacks of sheets. Electrostatic discharger is mounted nearby the stacker and incorporates the device designed to charge electro statically the compressed air with polarity opposite to that of sheets. It also comprises the device to force air towards fed sheets. Both aforesaid devices are integrated in one housing that limits the stacker and incorporates air feed device.

EFFECT: electrostatic neutralisation of sheets and accurate stack formation.

16 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: conveyor engineering.

SUBSTANCE: flow of flat items includes formations (26.1, 26.2, 26.3) of overlapped items of various types (A, B, C) and different number of items of various types, for example, printed products being piled. For forming a flow there used is a sequence of feeders (23.1, 23.2, 23.3) and a transporting surface, at that, feeder provides preparation of formation of overlapped items and piling of the whole pre-formed formations made of overlapped items on transporting surface. Device of forming a flow of flat items includes main conveyor (21) with transporting surface (22), and source of items (25) and intermediate conveyor for each feeder, at that, feeders are controlled independently of one another. Intermediate conveyor and source of items of one feeder can also be controlled independently of one another.

EFFECT: providing the possibility of easy device adaptation to a changing number of supplied items of various type.

17 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: conveyor engineering.

SUBSTANCE: sheet piling device piles a sheet whereon an image is formed by an image forming section. Sheet piling device consists of sheet piling section whereon a sheet is piled, and sheet transporting section that transports a sheet to sheet piling section. Also, sheet piling device consists of the first levelling element capable of being moved towards sheet transportation of sheet transporting section in order to level position in the direction of sheet transportation for the sheet piled on sheet piling section, and the second levelling element capable of being moved in width direction crossing sheet transportation direction in order to level position in width direction for the sheet piled on sheet piling section, and control section. The second levelling element levels the sheet piled on sheet piling section. The first levelling element levels the sheet that was levelled with the second levelling element. Sheet transporting section is controlled with control section so that the next sheet can be transported to sheet piling section. The first levelling element is moved to level the previous sheet.

EFFECT: stable sheet piling at high speed and with high accuracy.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: conveyor engineering.

SUBSTANCE: sheet piling device piles a sheet whereon an image is formed by an image forming section. Sheet piling device consists of sheet piling section whereon a sheet is piled, and sheet transporting section that transports a sheet to sheet piling section. Also, sheet piling device consists of the first levelling element capable of being moved towards sheet transportation of sheet transporting section in order to level position in the direction of sheet transportation for the sheet piled on sheet piling section, and the second levelling element capable of being moved in width direction crossing sheet transportation direction in order to level position in width direction for the sheet piled on sheet piling section, and control section. The second levelling element levels the sheet piled on sheet piling section. The first levelling element levels the sheet that was levelled with the second levelling element. Sheet transporting section is controlled with control section so that the next sheet can be transported to sheet piling section. The first levelling element is moved to level the previous sheet.

EFFECT: stable sheet piling at high speed and with high accuracy.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to device for transportation of objects across the direction of their arrival and can be used, for example, in paper industry for transportation of sheet stocks. The device for transportation of objects across the direction of their arrival contains two continuous transporting elements performed with the possibility of rotation. Each element has independent drive. Transporting elements are located opposite each other with formation of dividing joint with supposed middle axis. Note that the objects are transported to both sides of the said device. In addition, device for objects transportation includes sets of enveloping rollers for directing, tensioning and leveling of transporting elements, movable element for changing of transport and return area, and levelling element for transport and return area changing compensation. Note that, movable and levelling elements are performed as separate elements.

EFFECT: device structure simplification and provision of more flexible arrangement of arriving stocks.

18 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: mechanics; technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: device consists of a unit for separation of individual banknotes from the stack and a delivery mechanism. The delivery mechanism has two delivery elements (the first one and the second one). The first delivery element is designed movable in multiple coordinate directions while the second delivery element is movable in but a single direction. The proposed method of continuous per piece separation of loose banknotes envisages relocation of a stack of loose banknotes from the stack acceptance position to the position required for the top lying banknote to be picked up and separated from the stack. The fist delivery element supports the stack to be separated and delivers it to the per piece banknote separation unit.

EFFECT: continuous operation resulting in improved performance of the device.

24 cl, 24 dwg

FIELD: automatic teller machines.

SUBSTANCE: automatic teller machine contains device for dispensing banknotes, having a clip containing money, device for taking banknotes, device for transporting banknotes and device for dispensing banknotes. Rotary door of the clip opens automatically during insertion of the clip into dispensing device. Taking device is made with possible intake of banknotes through an opening. Spring-loaded blade of cover wall holds the shaft of taking device in conjugating connection with driving pin. Transportation device is made with possible vertical and horizontal movement of banknotes. Transportation device contains transporter belts between intermediate shaft and driving shaft. The intermediate shaft is made with possible vertical movement relatively to the driving shaft to ensure stretching of transporter belt. Transportation device also has convex-conic rollers, which automatically repeatedly center the weakened transporter belt. The latch of dispensing device is installed at banknote dispensing port in automatic teller machine. The latch is opened by a lever connected to bar, in turn connected to latch. The latch is opened due to upward movement of the pin in a recess positioned at an angle.

EFFECT: more comfortable and efficient servicing of automatic teller machine, improved operation of its components due to facilitated removal, disassembly and repeated installation of dispensing device unit.

11 cl, 63 dwg

FIELD: banknote processing machines.

SUBSTANCE: banknote processing machine has a body of machine for transporting banknotes and storing banknotes, differing from unloaded banknotes, and detachable box having an installation section, mounted detachably on supporting section of machine body for storage and unloading of banknotes. Machine body contains a device for determining whether a banknote is unloaded banknote, device for transporting banknotes in normal and reverse direction between determining device and supporting section, and storage section for accumulated banknotes for storing banknotes differing from unloaded banknote, transported by transporting device. Detachable box has section for storing unloaded banknotes.

EFFECT: prevented cases of stuck banknotes, accelerated banknote processing operations.

6 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: the device for retention of wood cuts at sawing, for example, by a chain saw.

SUBSTANCE: has frame 9, pendulum (2) with teeth (4) that is installed for turning at the upper part (8) of the frame. The upper part of the frame has teeth (3) directed upwards. Pendulum (2) with teeth {4) is made so that its position can be steplessly varied relative to teeth (3) of the frame lower part. Freely turnable pendulum (2) with its teeth (4) under gravity can be brought into conjugation and can detent the wood section within the turn of the pendulum. The pendulum length is adjusted between the axis of turn and the teeth.

EFFECT: provided disposition of the wood section so that it would take the desirable position or orientation.

9 cl, 5 dwg

The invention relates to test equipment and can be used to set long flat products in the soil or other granular media, for example, contact sensors for measuring motion parameters of the objects in the ground

The invention relates to ATMs

The invention relates to a loading-unloading machines and can be used in the packing of the goods into stack
Up!