Truck tractor

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed truck tractor comprises a frame, front and rear axles with suspensions supporting the cab, engine and clutch coupled with gearbox, transfer box coupled with front and rear axles and control mechanisms. Two centrifugal identical-design inertial thrust boosters are additionally arranged behind the cab on the frame, one for forward and one for back run. Each booster represents several hollow square- or circular-section rings arranged horizontally, coaxially and in symmetry to each other. Lengthwise axes of said rings are perpendicular to the vehicle frame. One half of every ring is expanded on both end faces so that inner cross section of expanded semi-rings some times larger than that of non expanded semi-rings. Inner space of every ring is filled with mercury or fluid with high specific weight. Rings expanded parts in forward run booster are directed towards frame rear, while those of back run booster are directed towards the frame front. Expanded part of every ring accommodates separate pump to pump over said mercury or fluid. Forward run booster pump are fitted on one vertical shaft furnished with overrunning coupling. Coupling casing accommodates spur gear in mesh with that mounted on overrunning coupling of opposite rotation. First vertical shaft supports bevel gear in mesh with that fitted on horizontal shaft coupled, via gimbal joint, with transfer box pto-shaft.

EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity.

11 dwg

 

The present invention relates to the field of road transport and can be used as the towing vehicle.

Known truck truck-tractor GAS-P (4×2), containing frame is attached to the chassis with the front beam, rear axle and suspension, on which are fixed the cabin, an engine clutch, gearbox, through which the drive shaft is connected with the rear axle, fifth wheel coupling device mounted on the rear of the frame, mechanisms of control. Vehicle weight 2500 kg trailer load capacity 5000 kg, engine power 70 HP at 2300 rpm /Short car guide, NIIAT, Izd. M.: Transport, 1979, p.116, 163-164, 278/.

The disadvantages of the known fifth wheel of the towing vehicle GAS-P are: insufficient traction, low permeability, small engine, small capacity.

These drawbacks are due to the structure of the towing vehicle.

Also known truck truck-tractor MAZ-509A (4×4), containing frame to which are attached front and rear axles with pendants, on which are fixed the cabin, an engine clutch, gearbox, through which the drive shaft is connected with the transfer box, which cardan shafts are connected with the front and rear axles, a fifth wheel coupling device implementing the military on the back of the frame, governance mechanisms. Own weight 6600 kg, the weight of the trailer 21000 kg, the power of the engine of 180 HP at 2100 rpm /ibid, s-140, 283-284/.

The disadvantage of a truck tractor MAZ-509A, taken as a prototype as the closest to the technical essence and the achieved positive results from a number of its analogues, is the lack of permeability in the subsoil and mountain roads, especially in conditions of inclement weather.

This disadvantage is caused by the design of the towing vehicle, and that all the power of the engine is used to drive the wheels.

The aim of the present invention is to improve the traction characteristics of the towing vehicle.

The objective according to the invention is ensured by the fact that the fifth wheel coupling device is replaced by two centrifugal inertial pull amplifiers - one for forward and one for reverse, with the same design, mounted on the frame behind the cab, each of which is made in the form of a short hollow rings of rectangular or circular cross-section, attached horizontally placed coaxially and symmetrically to each other, the longitudinal axis of which is perpendicular to the vehicle frame, with one half of each of the rings extended from both end sides so that the inner cross section of the extended half-rings several times larger the unexpanded section of semirings moreover, the internal cavity of each ring filled with mercury or liquid of high specific gravity, in addition, the advanced part of the rings centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust forward course is directed toward the rear of the frame of the vehicle, and the extended part of the rings centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust reversing directed toward the front of the frame of the vehicle, in addition, the extended portion of each of the rings has a separate pump for pumping mercury or liquid, and pumps centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust front turn mounted on a single vertical shaft with freewheel, the casing of which is fixed a cylindrical gear member in engagement with cylindrical gear mounted on the housing freewheel opposite rotation, mounted on the second vertical shaft drive pumps installed on the extended parts of the rings centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust reversing, in addition, on the first vertical shaft fixed bevel gear, which engages with a bevel gear fixed on a horizontal shaft, through which the propeller shaft is connected to the PTO shaft of the transfer case.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows the view of the towing vehicle, in the figure 2 diagram of power transmission of the towing vehicle, on the figure 3 - arrangement of the centrifugal inertial amplifiers thrust forward and reverse, the figure 4 is a section along AA of figure 3, figure 5 is a side view of the ring centrifugal inertial pull amplifier, figure 6 is a top view of the ring centrifugal inertial pull amplifier, in figure 7 - pump for moving liquid mass inside the ring centrifugal inertial pull amplifier, the figure 8 is a kinematic diagram of the transfer case, figure 9 is a General view of the ring with pump centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust in axonometric projection, in the figure 10 - diagram of the occurrence of thrust on the ring centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust.

The vehicle includes a frame 1, which by means of hangers attached front and rear axles with the front 2 and rear 3 wheels. Mounted on the frame: the cabin 4, the motor 5 with the clutch 6 is connected to the transmission 7, through which the drive shaft 8 is connected with the transfer box 9, which cardan shafts 10, 11 are connected with the front and rear axles. Behind the cab mounted on the frame of the centrifugal inertial power thrust forward course 12 and the centrifugal inertial power thrust reversing 13, with the same design. Each centrifugal inertia is the pull amplifier made in the form of a short hollow rings 14 of rectangular or circular cross-section, attached horizontally placed coaxially and symmetrically to each other, the longitudinal axis of which is perpendicular to the frame of the towing vehicle. Each ring consists of two main parts. The first part is extended from both end sides of the semi-ring 15, and the second unexpanded semi-ring 16, with the filler tube 17. Both half rings are interconnected by a hollow cone of the collet 18. Section extended half-rings several times greater than the unexpanded section of semirings. The internal cavity of the rings is filled with mercury or liquid of high specific gravity. The extended part of the rings centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust forward course is directed toward the rear of the frame. The extended part of the rings centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust reversing directed toward the front of the frame of the car. All rings have a platform 19 with holes for mounting. The extended part of each ring fixed to the pump 20 for pumping mercury or liquid. Each of them includes a housing 21, into which is inserted the rotor 22, which is connected with a vertical shaft. The rotor is made of radial grooves 23, in which are inserted the blade 24. In the front part of the housing in contact with the side surface of the rotor, and the rear part of the housing has a cavity 25 that is associated with the internal cavity extended polocrosse the tee. The blades have the fingers 26, which is fixed in the groove 27, performed on one of the covers of the pump housing. All pumps of the same design.

On a vertical shaft 23 of the centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust forward course is fixed freewheel 29, the casing of which is fixed a cylindrical gear 30, which is in engagement with the cylindrical gear 31 attached to the housing freewheel 32 opposite rotation, mounted on a vertical shaft 33 of the drive centrifugal pumps inertial amplifier thrust reverse. In addition, on a vertical shaft centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust forward course of a fixed bevel gear 34, which engages with a bevel gear 35 mounted on a horizontal shaft 36, through which the drive shaft 37 is connected to PTO shaft 38 of the transfer case. The transfer case includes a housing 39, closed the lid 40. In the bearing housing has a drive shaft 41, which is fixed constant mesh gear 42 that communicates with the gear constant-mesh gears 43, mounted on the intermediate shaft 44, which also has a drive gear 45, which engages with the gear 46 of the differential gear 47 and gear 48, which engages the teeth of the carriage 49, installed capacity is d movement on the splined output shaft, one end of which is installed in the bearing housing, and the other is inserted into the end of the drive shaft, and the carriage is kinematically connected with the control knob 50. Front driven shaft 51 and the rear driven shaft 52 with the gear 53, mounted in bearings of the casing and through the coupling 54 are connected with the differential. On the splines of the intermediate shaft mounted for moving the carriage 55 which is engaged with the gear of the rear output shaft and together with couplings kinematically connected with the control knob 56.

The work of the towing vehicle.

After checking, starting and warming up the engine 5 includes an appropriate transmission in a gear box 7, and the lever 56 transfer box 9 rear axle of the towing vehicle and he starts to move. The rotary torque from the driven transmission shaft 7 through the drive shaft 8, the driving shaft 41 transfer box 9, gear constant-mesh gears 42, 43, the intermediate shaft 44, the carriage 55 and the gear 53 is supplied to the rear slave hall 52, and with him through the propeller shaft 2 to the rear axle of the towing vehicle. If driving conditions difficult, the lever 56 is moved in the opposite direction and when the carriage 55 disengages from the gear 53 of the rear output shaft 52, and includes both clutch 54. In this case, the rotating moment with prom who mediate shaft 44 through gears 45, 46, a differential gear 17 is transmitted to the front 51 and rear 52 of the driven shafts, and with them through cardan shafts 10, 11 on the front and rear axles of the towing vehicle, increasing its thrust. If both are included bridges, the thrust force is still insufficient, the lever 50 moves the carriage 49, the teeth of which engages with the gear 48 of the intermediate shaft 44 and the shaft 38 comes into rotation. With him rotate the drive shaft 37 and the drive shaft 36, which is a bevel gear 35, 34 causes the rotation of the cylindrical gears 30, 31. When the vehicle moves forward, the freewheel 29 connects the vertical shaft 28, which is made of two parts, with the drive shaft 36, and the second freewheel 32 rotates idle and vertical shaft 33 with pumps centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust reversing stationary. If the gearbox 7 the reverse gear is engaged and the vehicle is moving backward, then turned the freewheel 32, which connects the now vertical shaft 33 by pump 20 with the drive shaft 36, and the freewheel 29 rotates idle and vertical shaft 28 of the centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust forward progress still. As can be seen from the above, when the forward movement rotates the vertical shaft 28, which causes the rotation of the pump 20, which rotates from a high speed, cause the mercury or other liquid to move within the ring 14, and in the advanced semirings 15 it moves several times slower than in the unexpanded half rings 16, because the first section several times greater than the second section. When the movement of mercury within the rings 14 centrifugal inertial forces F and F1.Despite the fact that at each moment in time the amount of mercury in the unexpanded half rings 16 less than in the advanced semirings 15, the centrifugal inertial force F arising unexpanded half rings 16, due to the much greater speed significantly more centrifugal inertial force F1arising in extended half-rings 15. These forces are directed in opposite directions, and the centrifugal inertial force F1balanced part of the centrifugal inertial force F. This part of the force indicated F, and no remaining balanced centrifugal inertial force F of both rings are directed forward, attached to the frame of the towing vehicle, increases the traction and flotation of the latter (figure 10). In practice there is often, as a few people pushing stuck and stalled the car, pulling it, while they make little effort to the frame or body. Centrifugal inertial force F several rings 14 are formed, forming on the additional traction force, the vector which coincides with the direction of movement of the towing vehicle. When the transmission lever 7 reversing included pumps 20 rear centrifugal inertial pull amplifier 13 and the process proceeds as described above, creating a thrust aimed ago. Thus, with uneven movement of mercury in the rings arise unidirectional no balanced centrifugal inertial force, going to increase the tractive effort of the tractor vehicle and increase its permeability. Centrifugal inertial force F2and F3acting in the transverse direction, equal and mutually balance each other. The magnitude of the centrifugal inertial force depends on the speed of movement of mercury in the rings and the rotation of the output shaft. It is possible to install a variator to change the frequency of rotation of the output shaft in a large extent (not shown). The proposed inertial device for increasing the traction has many analogues. The level of modern technology known centrifugal inertial mechanisms that produce unidirectional inertial forces, which can be used to move the vehicle, which is divided into the following types:

IMG - yercaud with flapping loads. In them, the masses move, like the wings of birds. Masses oscillate in a vertical or Hori the orbital plane (Yercaud Perm state University, RF patent №2184045 or journal Inventors - engineering", №2, 2007, p.21-22).

IBM - yercaud with the accelerating cargo. Goods move in a circle with variable speeds. Such models are smoothly shifted forward (article Prokhorova, the journal Nature", №8, 1978).

Ypres - yercaud with variable lever. Here the moment of inertia is increased because of displacement ball piston (ed. mon. No. 731031, 1976 and ed. mon. No. 589150).

IGS - yercaud with variable mass (such has not yet been created.

Maybe this class may include yercaud proposed in this invention).

THEM - yercaud-Keeper, made in the form of toys. Horse riding because of the impact of the pendulum, attached to her and hitting on her front legs (Ngulia. The inertia. M.: Nauka, 1982).

ID - yercaud-designatory solid inertial mechanism (http://gled.myorel/ru).

To Ecomo you can also add:

1. Griffenstein, patent No. 10467, 1926 Cart with fluctuating loads can move on snow, land and water.

2. Malakov, ant. mon. No. 45781, 1934 Moving the cart.

3. Sconzo, Kornuhin, ed. mon. No. 151574, 1961 self-Propelled system with the eccentrics, creating centrifugal force.

4. Bobed, Golosov, ed. mon. No. 731031, 1976

5. The Eurasian application. Bul. №4, 2006, (21) 200501814 A1 (22) 2005.11.14, (23) 2004.07.06, (51) F03G 3/00, (31) 200301181, (32) 2004.07.06, (33) KZ. The unit that creates due to internal Coriolis force is a centrifugal force unilaterally aimed a constant force, acting on his body as a moving intended for use as a propulsion vehicle (http://www.capo.org).

6. Design development: the propulsion of the vehicle. Designed and manufactured propulsion of the vehicle, which is due to transducer inertia allows the interaction force from the pusher with the centrifugal force of inertia from six rotating inertial mass in the plane of their rotation. This movement proves the unidirectionality and dynamote centrifugal force of inertia (http://www.sibpatent.ru).

7. Libredigital c converting rotary motion into reciprocating. RF patent №2274574 or journal Inventors - engineering", №2, 2007, s-25.

8. Centrifugal force drives. RF patent №2223192 or journal Inventors - engineering", №2, 2007, s-23.

9. Centrifugal propulsion. RF patent №2280513 or in the same journal C-28.

10. The way of movement of the vehicle and a device for its implementation. RF patent №2282054 or in the same journal pp.28-29.

11. Centrifugal inertial propulsion. RF patent №2263819 or in the same journal p.47-48.

An approximate calculation of tractive effort, we offer centrifugal inertial amplifier.

Given:

Number of rings - 2 PCs

The diameter of the rings - 1.2m

Flywheel - mercury.

UD. the weight of mercury Y - 1355 kg/m = 13,55 g/cm3.

The frequency of the movement of mercury in the extended semiring

And1=480 Rev/min = 8 Rev/sec.

1. Internal unexpanded section of a semicircle.

(height h - 3 cm, width l - 3 cm) S=hl; S=3 cm × 3 cm = 9 cm2.

2. The inner section is extended semicircle.

(height h1- 3 cm, width l1- 9 cm) S1=h1l1; S1=3 cm × 9 cm = 27 cm2.

3. The circumference of the ring.

C=2π; C=2×3,14×0.6 m = 6,28×0.6 m = 3,76 m

4. Half the circumference of the ring.

1/2=3,76 m: 2=1.88 m = 188 see

5. The internal volume of the unexpanded semiring.

V=S1/2 C; V=9 cm2× 188 cm = 1692 cm3.

6. The internal volume of the extended semiring.

V1=S11/2 C; V1=27 cm2× 188 cm = 5076 cm3.

7. The mass of mercury, fits unexpanded semicircle.

m=VY; m=1692 cm3× 13,55 g = 22926,6 g = 22,926 kg

8. The mass of mercury, fits extended semicircle.

m1=V1Y; m1=5076 cm3× 13,55 g = 68779,8 g = 68,779 kg

9. The angular velocity of the movement of mercury in the unexpanded semicircle

ω=2πn (Sehrish, Aviemore. The General physics course, vol. 1, Gosizdat physical-Mat. literature, M., 1961, p.39),

where n is the frequency of the movement of mercury in the unexpanded semiring. It is 3 times more than in the extended semiring.

ω=2×3,14×24 Rev/sec = to 150.7 rad/sec.

10. The angular velocity of the movement of mercury expanded in the second semicircle.

ω1=2πn1; ω1=2×3,14×8 Rev/sec = 50,2 rad/sec.

11. The linear speed of movement of mercury in the unexpanded semicircle.

V=ωR (ibid, c.39)

V=to 150.7 rad/sec × 0.6 m = 90,4 m/s.

12. The linear speed of movement of mercury in the extended semiring.

V11R; v1=50,2 rad/sec × 0.6 m = 30.1 m/s

13. The centrifugal force of inertia acting on the unexpanded form a semicircle.

14. The centrifugal force of inertia acting on an extended semicircle.

15. The thrust force generated by a single ring.

F=F-F1; F=93677,4 N=31156,8 N=62520,6 N=6252 kg

16. The thrust force created by the two rings.

F=2F; F=2×62520,6 N=125041,2 N=12504 kg

17. The pressure of mercury in the extended semiring.

(Medlemmer. Elements of hydraulics, VIP, M.-L.: Gosenergoizdat, 1962, p.18).

18. The pressure of mercury in the unexpanded semiring. It is 3 times less than in the extended semi-circle, because the moving speed of the mercury in the unexpanded semiring 3 times more than in the extended semiring.

19. The total pressure of mercury in the ring.

Ptot=P+P1; Ptot=2,08 kg/cm2+ 6,24 kg/cm2= 8,32 kg/cm2.

0. The capacity of one pump for pumping mercury in the unexpanded semicircle.

Q=mn; Q=22,926 kg × 24 Rev/sec = 550,2 kg/sec = 40,6 l/s = 2436 l/min

21. The capacity of one pump for pumping mercury for extended semicircle.

Q1=m1n1; Q=68,779 kg × 8 Rev/sec = 550,2 kg/sec = 40,6 l/s = 2436 l/min

22. The full capacity of one pump.

Q=Q+Q1; Q=2436 l/min + 2436 l/min = 4872 l/min

23. The capacity of one pump. N=C2pQ, where C2- the conversion factor. To Express power in kW at Q in l/min and p in kg/cm2C2=1/612. For the expression of power in PS With2=1/450 (Pshirkey. Construction machines, ed. 3, a textbook for students of hydraulic specialties of higher educational institutions. M.: mechanical engineering, 1975, p.30).

24. The capacity of the two pumps.

N=2N; N=2×90 PS = 180 PS

The positive effect of increasing traction control, increased permeability, increasing the amount of cargo carried per flight.

Vehicle containing a frame to which are attached front and rear axles with pendants and fitted with a cab, an engine clutch, connected to the transmission, through which the drive shaft is connected with the transfer box, through which the drive shafts are connected with the front and C is ne bridges, governance mechanisms, characterized in that behind the cab on the frame additionally has two centrifugal inertial pull amplifier - one for forward and one for reverse, with the same design, each of which is made in the form of a short hollow rings of rectangular or circular cross-section, attached horizontally placed coaxially and symmetrically to each other, the longitudinal axis of which is perpendicular to the vehicle frame, with one half of each of the rings extended from both end sides so that the inner cross section of the extended half-rings several times greater than the unexpanded section of semirings, and the inner cavity of each ring is filled with mercury or liquid with a large proportion, additionally, the extended part of the rings centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust forward course is directed toward the rear of the frame of the vehicle, and the extended part of the rings centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust reversing directed toward the front of the frame of the vehicle, in addition, the extended portion of each of the rings has a separate pump for pumping mercury or liquid, and pumps centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust front turn mounted on a single vertical shaft with freewheel, the casing of which is fixed a cylinder is Harikesa gear, member in engagement with the cylindrical gear mounted on the housing freewheel opposite rotation, mounted on the second vertical shaft drive pumps installed on the extended parts of the rings centrifugal inertial amplifier thrust reversing, in addition, on the first vertical shaft fixed bevel gear, which engages with a bevel gear fixed on a horizontal shaft, through which the propeller shaft is connected to the PTO shaft of the transfer case.



 

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Transport vehicle // 2360821

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: transport vehicle includes body (2) and base (1), wheels (7) fixed in base (1). Pulse propeller is installed in base (1) and consists of elastic power element (5) and impeller (4) with alternate eccentricity, which actuates engine (3). Base (1) rests on wheels (7) with the help of Z-shaped supports (8) with elastic elements that work for twisting. Drive to wheels (7) is realised via Z-shaped gear from engine (3). Elastic power element (5) may be arranged in the form of movable plate spring fixed at an angle to base (1) on guides (6), with the possibility of its complete drawing inside body (2). Elastic power element (5) is able to rotate relative to base (1).

EFFECT: lower dynamic loads in jump and possibility to use any engine with rotary output shaft for drive of pulse and wheel propellers.

4 cl, 1 dwg

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