Device for sanitary treatment of cow udder nipples
FIELD: agriculture, livestock farming.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, particularly to dairying. The device for sanitary treatment of udder nipples consists of a reservoir for disinfecting solution, also the reservoir is made out of elastic transparent material; further the facility consists of a case connected with the said reservoir by means of thread, of a partition with a branch made as a whole, of a throttle made integral with a cone and rod, of a feeding tube installed in the branch and of a shell with a hook for hanging. An axial aperture is made in the rod; the aperture communicates with a radial aperture situated in a cavity between the partition and the cone. The feeding tube is equipped with a cone head on its free end. The reservoir for disinfecting solution is equipped with a bracket with a bottom and hook for facility hanging secured on the bottom; the facility is also equipped with a cover in the upper part of the case.
EFFECT: raised efficiency of sanitary treatment of udder nipples, reliability of operation and safety of service personnel.
A device for sanitizing the teats of the udder of cows
The invention relates to agriculture, particularly dairy farming.
A device for sanitizing the teats of the udder, containing tank for disinfecting solution, pump, pipeline installed on the pipes, hoses provided with sprinklers of disinfecting solution. Journal of the matrix Agritech "the Latest in milking and feeding cattle", page 6).
The known device does not provide sufficient efficiency in the processing of the entire surface of the nipple, and also due to the increased consumption of disinfecting solution during processing. At each milking machine, you must install the device. Moreover, the nipple treatment by spraying of a solution, in particular, "Dial-concentrate" not safe for the health of the operator, because after processing is formed on the nipple protective film. When inhaled in the process of the nipple into the lungs of the operator are particles of a solution in the form of dust or small droplets, which reduces the safety of the operator in sanitary processing of the teats of the udder of the animal.
Closest to the claimed technical essence is a device for sanitizing the teats of the udder after milking, including the capacity for disinfecting solution made of an elastic transparent what about the material, case by the thread associated with the vessel wall with a pipe, throttle, made as one piece with the housing and shaft, feeding tube installed in the upper part of the mentioned pipe, a ring with a hook for suspension (DeLaval: the engine of progress in milk production. Catalog 2006 January-July, p.59, figure G).
The known device is not effective, because detractor served on a cone through the notches made on the lateral surfaces of the rod, which increases the hydraulic resistance and reduces the bandwidth does not provide reliability due to break off the hook for hanging, made integral with the shell.
The objective of the invention is the improvement of efficiency and reliability.
This object is achieved in that the device for sanitizing the teats of the udder of cows, comprising a container for disinfecting solution made of an elastic transparent material, the body by threads associated with the said tank, a partition with a pipe, throttle made integral with the cone and rod feeding tube installed in said socket, a ring with a hook for suspension, characterized in that the rod is made of the axial hole provided with a radial opening positioned in the cavity between the wall and the cone, and a feeder of the second tube is provided with a conical nozzle, installed on the open end of the container disinfecting solution supplied bracket to the bottom and set the hook for hanging the device, which in turn is equipped with a cover that is installed in the upper part of the body.
Running in the rod axial bore provided with radial made in the cavity between the wall and the cone provides a free supply of disinfecting solution directly under the cone without obstacles in the form of additional hydraulic resistance.
Installation in the lower part of the alimentary tube conical nozzle improves the efficiency of processing of the nipple due to the fact that a large part of the solution is fed into the tube under compression capacity, thereby providing increased bandwidth and, as a result, the reduction in the number of contractions capacity, i.e. reducing the costs of manual labor.
Install the bracket with the bottom and set the hook for hanging the device provides rigidity and, as a result, improving the reliability.
Installing the cover in the upper part of the tank on its side eliminates the evaporation of the disinfecting solution in the period when the device is not used.
A device for sanitizing the teats of the udder is represented in the drawings, in which figure 1 shows a General view of the device, and figure 2 - section of the device in vertical PLoS the spine.
A device for sanitizing the teats of the udder contains the capacity for disinfecting solution 1 made of an elastic transparent material, building 2, communicated to each other via a threaded connection, the partition 3 to the pipe 5 made integral, throttle, made as one piece with the rod 13 and the cone 4, the feeding tube 7 that is installed inside the pipe 5, at the free end of which is equipped with a conical nozzle 8, the shell 6, the cover 10 with the axis 9, the bracket 15 with a bottom 14 and set the hook 12 to the suspension device. The rod 13 is an axial hole 16, through which a radial hole 17 communicates with the cavity between the cone 4 and the wall 3.
The device operates as follows.
Directly before processing operator dry wipes teats of the udder. Then sets the device to the teats of the udder, first opening the cover 10, and to touch the shell 6 to the udder. After that, the operator compresses the elastic wall of the tank 1, while detractor from the tank 1 is sent to a tapered nozzle 8 and further along a nutrient tube 7 through the axial bore 16 of the shaft 13 and through a radial hole 17 is fed into the cavity between the cone 4 and the partition wall 3, where through the gap between the cone 4 and the partition wall 3 at high speed is fed into the housing 1, providing a whirling motion Dutra is down along the inner surface of the housing 1. However teats of the udder intensively treated with simultaneous filling of the housing 1 of the device.
Teats of the udder handle for 1-1,5 sec, then similarly processed the other teats of the udder of the animal. The average processing time of the nipple is 5-7 with, this eliminates spraying and spray disinfecting solution into the environment. For each teat of the udder one compression elastic container 1 of the device. In the case of reducing the amount of disinfecting solution in the vessel 5, which is judged by the marks on its surface, the operator doliwan detractor of the tank.
After processing all the teats of the udder, the operator closes the lid 10 of the device and installs it through the hook on the mounting bracket of the device.
The claimed technical solution improves the efficiency of sanitizing the teats of the udder after milking, reliability and safety of operating personnel.
A device for sanitizing the teats of the udder, containing tank for disinfecting solution made of an elastic transparent material, the body by threads associated with the said tank, a partition with a pipe, made at the same time, the inductor is made as one piece with the cone and rod feeding tube installed in said socket, a ring with a hook for under the Eski, characterized in that the rod is made of the axial hole provided with a radial opening positioned in the cavity between the wall and the cone, and a feeding tube fitted with conical nozzle mounted on the free end of the container disinfecting solution supplied bracket to the bottom and set the hook for hanging the device, which in turn is equipped with a cover that is installed in the upper part of the body.
SUBSTANCE: method and device for poultry operation is based on continuous real time computer search for economical balance between total value of power consumption costs for heating and feeding of poultry and calculated price of the product sold achieving most cost-effective and rational heating mode of poultry premise and birds.
EFFECT: enables getting such inside temperature and feed dosage values, which ensure highest possible at present time period increment of profit from the process of feeding of birds and heating of the working space.
4 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, in particular, to poultry farming. The method includes drying, chopping, straw laying on the prepared floor of hen house with width of 7-10 cm and its disinfection using formaldehyde. In addition, the 95% solution of methylacetic acid is used on the basis of 15-25 ml per 1 kg of straw. Safety of birds improves; toxicity of environment decreases.
EFFECT: improvement of bird safety, decrease of environment toxicity.
3 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use in designs of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals. System of multi-zone three-planimetric differentiated thermoregulation of floor electro-warmed panels for young plants of animals consists of three heating contours of rectangular form. All contours cover each other in concentric manner, and one is located in panel centre, another - along its perimeter, and the third occupies intermediate position between them. In zone of arrangement of each contour on two temperature sensors are placed, connected to thermoregulator, capable to control of heating on average indicator between two sensors in such a manner that at simultaneous thermoregulation in several zones temperature drop from panel centre to its periphery is compensated.
EFFECT: increase of thermoregulation efficiency; prevention of heat losses from panel centre to its periphery; possibility of panel adaptation to animals being on it; maintenance of panel adaptation to take-up by animals of various area of working surface; possibility of heating temperature changing depending on animals age and biological species.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: gas supply.
SUBSTANCE: method consists of IR source and reflector. Heat flow from reflector is determined as difference between heater heat flow and IR source heat flow for IR source with radiation wave length from 0.5 to 7mcm at constant suspension height. Maximum heat flow from reflector is defined. Dependence of maximum reflector heat flow at angle deviation from normal line to the exposed surface and reflector edge height is also calculated. Optimal angle corresponding to maximum heat flow is defined. Height of reflector edges is increased at optimal angle to the sizes when temperature at low reflector edge is equal to ambient temperature. Heat flow density on the exposed surface is reduced by changing angle between normal line to exposed surface and reflector edge plane from 0° to optimal α=αopt angle value or from α=αopt to 90°.
EFFECT: change of heat flow density from IR source.
FIELD: animal farming, in particular, cattle breeding, may be used for prodding of animals from vehicle body during transportation of animals.
SUBSTANCE: method involves acting upon animal by directed high-pressure air flow; apart from pneumatic action, acting upon animal by acoustic pressure of 90-110 dB intensity.
EFFECT: increased safety and reduced labor intensity during prodding of animals.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes pig radiation with infrared and ultraviolet ray source in slings for certain period of time. Layer of zeolite-containing clay of 3-5 cm thickness is placed on slings floor wherein said zeolite-containing clay is radiated with infrared and ultraviolet ray source for 30-45 min before pig radiation.
EFFECT: radiation of increased effectiveness.
1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: method and equipment for combined local energy-saving heating of animals within animal house.
SUBSTANCE: method involves receiving data from pyrometric sensor of animal's radiation temperature; processing said data and delivering control commands for switching on and off of ultraviolet, infrared emitters and aeration ionizer; before appearance of animal in local heating zone, feeding safe voltage to electric mat placed within local heating zone; receiving data from environment air temperature sensor and from electric mat temperature sensor; when temperature of electric mat reaches value exceeding environment temperature by a number of grades, signaling readiness for receiving of animal; fixing settling of animal within local heating zone by actuation of weight strain gage; providing local heating of animal according to program including animal's kind, breed and age; measuring moisture content of environment air and correcting temperature set on the basis of resulted value during adjusting of radiation temperature as well as that of electric mat by increasing temperature sets upon increasing moisture content of environment temperature and by reducing temperature sets upon reduction of moisture content of environment air; measuring readings of infrared, ultraviolet emitters, aeration ionizer and electric mat on the basis of measured consumed current and time during which said instruments were in switched-on state; calculating daily weight gain on the basis of measured readings of weight strain gage. Apparatus has radiation controlling unit, pyrometric sensor, time relay, comparison unit, infrared and ultraviolet emitters, aeration ionizer, microcomputer with power unit, two temperature sensors, four current sensors with matcher units, moisture content sensor, weight strain gage with interference modules, indication and signaling data introduction module, control switch, and electric mat. Power unit, time relay, input of comparison unit, temperature sensors and indication and signaling data introduction module are connected directly to inputs of microcomputer. Current sensors, weight strain gage and moisture content sensor are connected directly to inputs of microcomputer via matching units and interference modules, respectively.
EFFECT: provision for adequate animal keeping conditions and increased functional capabilities for local heating.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: animal science.
SUBSTANCE: the innovation deals with irradiating animals with the light of IRUV and bactericidal lamps BUV-30. Irradiation of young piglets with IRUV at 00 p.m., 3 a.m., 6 a.m., 1 p.m. 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. at exposures per 30 min should be combined with air disinfection and that of technological equipment with radiation of bactericidal lamps BUV-30 at 1 a.m., 4 a.m.,7 a.m., 2 p.m. and 9 p.m. at exposures per 30 min due to applying a special timer. The innovation enables to increase performance and viability in young piglets.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
1 dwg, 3 tbl
FIELD: animal science, veterinary science, in particular, measurement technique for animals such as sheep, goats.
SUBSTANCE: general-purpose measuring apparatus for animals has telescopic bar equipped with measurement scale and fixed within casing having measurement scale, and two foldable racks. One of said racks is rigidly fixed at telescopic bar end and is provided with longitudinal slot. Other rack is positioned on casing for displacement thereon and insertion into longitudinal slot upon folding. Fixing button is positioned on casing for fixing casing and telescopic bar in immovable position, on racks-handle. Measurement scales are applied to both sides of casing and telescopic bar in different positions.
EFFECT: reduced weight and sizes, compact construction, provision for precise measurement of main parameters, and convenient usage of measuring apparatus.
SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring ammonia concentration and feed consumption; generating signal indicative of temperature felt in room; periodically varying signal of formed value of temperature felt in room; depending on value of variable signal of temperature felt in room, livestock age, relative humidity of air in room and ammonia concentration, calculating cost of products resulted from given batch of animals or poultry; calculating cost of total energy consumed for heating of animals or poultry; calculating cost of feed depending on feed consumption; calculating cost of heat energy used for heating of room; calculating first difference between cost of product and total cost of heating energy and consumed feed as profit factor; determining maximum value of this first difference as maximum profit value; determining second value of this difference as standard profit; subtracting from first cost difference its second difference value to produce third cost difference as profit gain factor; subtracting from maximum value of first cost difference its second value to produce third maximum cost value as maximum profit gain; comparing signal corresponding to maximum value of first or second difference of formed felt temperature in room with measured value of temperature felt in room and correcting heating mode on the basis of comparison results; calculating predetermined feed consumption value; comparing calculated costs of energy consumed for heating of room and total costs of heat energy for heating of animals or poultry. Apparatus has ammonia concentration sensor, feed consumption sensor, livestock age setter; setter for technologically allowable minimum and maximum values of temperature felt in room; biotechnical system inquiry time setter; setter for signal of formed value of temperature felt in room and constants, memory element, feed consumption regulator, feed dispensing member connected to input of said regulator, comparison element, and information unit.
EFFECT: provision for precise economic optimization of room heating mode.
2 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: ball-shaped toy for dog.
SUBSTANCE: device has ball provided with at least one elongated grip indirectly connected to ball by means of intermediate embracing member arranged around ball or directly connected to ball so as to define continuation to outer casing of ball, to inner casing of ball or to member inserted between outer and inner casings. Such arrangement provides for resilient engagement between grip and ball and constant returning of grip to its radial position relative to ball center. Grip prevents ball from being bitten by dog during playing with it.
EFFECT: increased entertaining effect and provision for preventing ball from damage.
18 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method is based upon detection of non-healthy animals inside area of heating and forming of control signal. Preset threshold signal informing on absence of animal inside area of heating is formed. Then additional signal is formed which corresponds to moment of time at which animal leaves area of heating. Period of time is calculated inside which all the animals leave area of heating and when that period of time is over, the control signal is compared with preset one. Control signal informing on presence of animals inside area of heating is formed according to the result of comparison. The control signal is used for signaling on presence of non-healthy animal inside area of heating. Device has area of heating provided with brooder house, animal presence detector, power supply and relay. Output of power supply is connected with first power input of relay. Device also has signal lamp, first amplifier, first comparison circuit, first preset device, time counter, pulse former, first and second differentiating circuits, first controlled switch, second comparison circuit, second preset device, second controlled switch. Output of animal presence detector is connected with first inputs of first comparison circuit and first controlled switch through first amplifier. Output of controlled switch is connected to first input of second comparison circuit which has second input connected with output of second preset device. Output of second comparison circuit is connected to connection point of output of relay and output of second controlled switch. First input of controlled switch is connected with output of power supply. Output of first comparison circuit is connected with second control input of second controlled switch and with first input of time counted through first differentiating circuit. Output of time counter is connected with second control input of first control switch through pulse former and with null second input of time counter through second differentiating circuit. Output of relay is connected with signal lamp.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of information supply on presence of non-healthy animals inside area of heating.
SUBSTANCE: emitter has illumination fittings incorporating infrared radiation source and ultraviolet lamp. Ultraviolet emitter is formed as ring, within the cavity of which round-symmetric infrared radiation source is located. Infrared radiation source is equipped with hood having half-moon shaped channels and is positioned for displacement along vertical axis by means of bimetallic plates. Bimetallic plates are arranged above each of said channels and are immovably secured with their one end to case and with their other end to hood outer surface. Emitter case is made in the form of hemi-sphere with round base.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in irradiating of animals.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: the invention refers to installations of local gas infrared heating of stock and poultry buildings.
SUBSTANCE: the installation for decentralized system of local infrared heating has a « light» gas infrared burner with a reflector and a conical muzzle, a single mainline, a heat exchanger. The upper base of the reflector of the burner is connected through a socket conducting products of combustion with the input of the «hot» channel of the heat exchanger which is fulfilled countercurrent and air-gas and the output of the «hot» channel is connected with environment, the «cold» channel of the heat exchanger at the input is connected with environment and at the output - with air of the agricultural building and through the single main line, the regulation valve, the input socket of a dosing quantity of gas into the pipe-mixture - with the injector connected with the conical muzzle of the infrared burner.
EFFECT: allows to create microclimate in stock and poultry buildings due to installation of a decentralized system of gas local infrared heating.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, animal irradiation equipment.
SUBSTANCE: emitter has casing with gas-discharge lamp and carriage equipped with rollers, telescopic bar mounted centrally of carriage for free displacement along drive cable, another cable to which ends of telescopic bars are attached by means of clamps while other ends of bars are rigidly connected with ends of flexible guide. According to first version, emitter is provided with equal arm lever system and telescopic bar for controlling the latter, said telescopic bar being fixed at lever junction sites. Pivot joints are provided at lever joining sites. Two opposite ends of system are secured to clamps for attachment of telescopic bars to cable. According to second version, emitter is provided with equal arm lever system and telescopic bar for controlling the levers, said bar being fixed at lever arm junction sites. Pivot joints are provided at lever junction sites. Two opposite ends of system are fixed to clamps for attachment of telescopic bars to cable which is positioned for displacement in vertical plane. Upper end of lateral telescopic bars is attached to drive cable by means of rings.
EFFECT: increased animal irradiation efficiency.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: irradiation apparatus has start regulating device with contact mains wires, gas discharge lamp chuck, and reflector attachment device. Apparatus is further equipped with two photo-resistors connected to inductance coil and located on reflector internal surface. Inductance coil with winding and core is positioned centrally on casing. Isolating insert is located between casing and core. Receptacle surface of photo-resistors is turned to internal surface of reflector and is made in the form of wavy strip extending through the entire length of reflector at its both sides, symmetrically to edge of emitter. Casing is connected to attachment device through vibration isolators.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in protecting of lightening equipment from settling of dust thereon and reduced consumption of power.
FIELD: animal farming, in particular, heating equipment for farm animals.
SUBSTANCE: brooder is made in the form of rigid construction of heat-insulating member with heating sources mounted under heat-insulating member. Vertical heat-insulating screens arranged along perimeter of brooder construction are covered at their side facing heating zone with beam reflecting material, with reflectivity of said material being within operating range. Height of screens is sufficient for contacting of their lower edges with heating zone floor. Screens are fixed on heat-insulating member construction. Screens are equipped with vertical slots provided in the vicinity of their lower edge.
EFFECT: increased productivity and retention of stock, and wider operational capabilities.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has sensors for sensing temperature felt in local heating zone, temperature of inside air within room, stock age setters, admissible minimum and maximum air temperatures within room, predetermined felt temperature value, standard air temperature, local and general heating temperature regulators, local heaters and heating elements. Output of felt temperature sensor is connected with first input of general heating temperature regulator. Output of felt temperature value setter is connected to second input of local heating temperature regulator, whose output is switched to local heaters. Heating elements are connected to output of general heating temperature regulator. Apparatus is further provided with outside temperature sensor, inside and outside air humidity sensors, request time setter, setter for signal indicative of air temperature within room, constant setter, first, second and third computing units, summer, control unit, differentiating amplifier whose input defines second input of control unit and whose output is connected to first input of comparison circuit having second input defining common bus of apparatus, and having output connected through differentiating circuit, rectifier and waiting multivibrator to second input of controllable key, with first input of said key defining first input of control unit and output being connected through memory element to output of control unit. Apparatus is additionally equipped with forth computing unit, which is united in conjunction with first, second and third computing units into computer unit, and has heating energy, electric energy, manufacturer product and feed price setters, interface and communication unit, apparatus and program oriented network means unit, and peripheral unit of computer network. Input of said means is connected to user's computer network peripheral unit output.
EFFECT: reduced expenses for general and local heating processes.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: electric heat recovering equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has inlet air fan and waste air fan, small-sized heat-exchanger made from polymeric materials, air feeding branch pipe, air discharge duct and air inlet duct. Apparatus is further provided with electric inlet air heater positioned between inlet air fan and air feeding branch pipe, and recirculation channel for connecting waste air duct to inlet air duct through gate.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of power and enhanced reliability in operation of apparatus.
SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring and setting room temperature felt by animals; comparing measured and set temperature; measuring temperature and relative humidity of inner air in room and outer air; calculating heat energy losses in room depending on measured temperature and relative humidity of outer air and inner air in room; measuring feed consumption; generating signal indicative of felt room temperature; periodically altering signal indicative of generated felt room temperature in a range between admissible minimal and maximal set values; calculating product cost of given animal batch depending on value of altered signal indicative of generated felt room temperature and measured feed consumption; calculating heating power costs depending on value of altered signal indicative of felt room temperature; calculating feed cost depending on measured feed consumption; calculating first difference between product cost and total costs of heating power and feed cost as profit factor in a range between admissible minimal and maximal preset values of signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; defining maximal value of first difference as maximal profit and corresponding signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; defining second difference value as standardized profit at standard felt temperature in process mode of maximal productivity of stock; subtracting second cost value from first maximal cost of first cost difference to produce maximal third difference cost in the form of maximal profit gain value and corresponding signal indicative of generated felt room temperature; comparing signal indicative of felt room temperature corresponding to maximal first or second difference value with measured felt room temperature; correcting young animal heating mode and animal or poultry house heating mode on the basis of comparison data. Described in Specification is apparatus for controlling economic heating of young animals and house room.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing precise optimization of room heating mode.
3 cl, 3 dwg