Reactor for obtaining heat energy

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: reactor includes cylindrical housing filled with water and equipped with supply and discharge branch pipes; on upper edge of housing there located is metering sea water branch pipe; at that, lower part of housing cavity is provided with electrodes connected to electrical pulse sources made with possibility of forming activation zone by means of working surfaces facing each other. Working sections of electrodes are cylindrical, coaxial to each other and to longitudinal axis of reactor housing; at that, external electrode is tubular, and in its cavity there located is cylindrical section of internal electrode; supply and discharge branch pipes are located in horizontal plane and tangentially to side walls of housing; supply branch pipe is located below discharge one so that spiral motion vector of liquid flow coincides through them; supply branch pipe is located below lower edge of inter-electrode gap; impeller is rigidly fixed before inlet of inter-electrode gap; lower edge of external tubular electrode is equipped with convergent head piece, its upper edge is equipped with diffuser head piece; at that, free edges of the above head pieces correspond to inner diametre of housing cavity.

EFFECT: increasing heat transfer efficiency.

4 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for producing heat energy generated in the process chain of chemical reactions at the molecular-ion level.

Known reactor for the production of thermal energy, comprising a vertical cylindrical housing with process connection pipes, pulse dosing, Polaroid and the source of pulsations of pressure, the pulse dispenser suction side connected to the top, and the discharge from the lower parts of the body, Polaroid placed in the center under his bottom and connected to the top end to the bottom and is in communication with a source of pressure pulsations, made in the form of a hemispherical camera installed in her two electrodes provided with a source of electric pulses (see EN No. 2027503, 1995).

The disadvantage of this solution is that its use requires considerable energy consumption, in addition, is not environmentally friendly.

Also known reactor to produce heat, including water-filled cylindrical housing with the discharge pipe and drain pipe, the upper end of which is placed the metering pipe sea water, while the lower part of the cavity of the housing is fitted with electrodes connected to a source of electrical impulses made with the possibility of the formation zone activation work surfaces facing on the ug to each other (see RU # 2132519, F24J 3/00, 1999).

In the inventive device for thermal energy uses the interaction of elementary particles processed substances placed in the activation zone, under the influence of the activating energy of the electrical pulses, and in the quality of the processed substance use fresh water, in which the catalyst is injected sea water in an amount of 0.05 to 0.18 wt.%, moreover, the impact on the treated substance is carried out at time intervals over a period of suspension, providing the required speed of interaction of particles processed substances.

However, the claimed solution is characterized by inefficiency, especially in the boost mode, due to the low velocity of the heat transfer in the reactor cavity.

The task, which directed the claimed solution is expressed in the efficiency of the reactor as a generator of heat.

Technical result achieved when solving a task, expressed as the efficiency of the reactor as a generator of heat at all it's modes and the reduction of the period of "acceleration" of the reactor to the operating mode. In addition, it simplifies the design of the activating site of the reactor.

To solve this task, the reactor for the production of thermal energy, enabling the th water-filled cylindrical housing with the discharge pipe and drain pipe, on the top of which is placed the metering pipe sea water, while the lower part of the cavity of the housing is fitted with electrodes connected to a source of electrical impulses made with the possibility of the formation zone activation work surfaces, facing each other, characterized in that the working parts of the electrodes is made cylindrical, coaxially to each other and to the longitudinal axis of the reactor vessel, while the outer electrode is made tubular, and hollow cylindrical section of the inner electrode, while the pressure and drain pipes placed horizontally and tangentially relative to the hull sides with the possibility of the formation of the spiral upward flow in the cavity of the housing, why the discharge pipe below the drain with the matching vector of the spiral motion of fluid flow through them, thus forcing nozzle is placed below the lower edge of the interelectrode gap, in addition, before entering into the interelectrode gap is fixed impeller extra curl of the fluid flow in the direction of its spiral movement, the lower edge of the outer tubular electrode is provided with a confused head, its upper edge is provided with a diffuser attachment, and the free edges of these nozzles with testout the inner diameter of the body cavity. In addition, the nozzle is made of a dielectric material. In addition, the ends of the internal electrode, facing up and down, fairings fitted. In addition, the impeller is fixed on the inner electrode.

Comparative analysis of the essential features of the proposed solution with essential features analogs and prototypes demonstrate compliance of the proposed technical solutions to the criterion "novelty".

While the signs of the distinctive part of the formula of the invention provide a solution of the following tasks.

Signs of "working land electrode is cylindrical, coaxially to each other and to the longitudinal axis of the reactor vessel, while the outer electrode is made tubular, and hollow cylindrical part of the internal electrode" allow for the possibility of combining in the interelectrode gap of the activation processes of the processed substances with simultaneously giving activated flow spiral ascending form, contributing to the intensification of the process of "removal" of energy, which in turn provides rapid acceleration of the rector as the heat generator.

Signs of pressure and drain pipes placed horizontally and tangentially relative to the hull sides with the possibility of the formation of the spiral upward flow in the cavity to the community, why the discharge pipe below the drain with the matching vector of the spiral flow of liquid through them provide high quality of heat removal from the interelectrode gap and the walls of the electrodes.

Signs of pressure pipe placed below the lower edge of the interelectrode gap" ensure the activation of the entire volume of water flowing through the reactor (provide "transmission" of the entire volume of water through the interelectrode gap).

Signs indicating that "before entering into the interelectrode gap is fixed impeller extra curl of the fluid flow in the direction of its spiral movement, prevent laminirization flow of treated water prior to its entrance into the interelectrode gap, additional twisting flow, pre-twisted due to its tangential entry into the cavity of the reactor vessel.

Signs of "lower edge of the outer tubular electrode is supplied confused nozzle to provide transmission of the total volume entering the reactor water through the interelectrode gap at the respective dimensions of the nozzle. In addition, ensure the smooth entry of the stream into the interelectrode gap, excluding the increased hydrodynamic resistance pumped through the reactor water.

Signs indicating that "top the I edge provided with a diffuser attachment", exclude the possibility of "spurious" zones of circulation of water between the outer electrode and the inner surface of the housing when the respective sizes of nozzles. In addition, ensure the smooth flow discharge through the drain pipe, excluding the increased hydrodynamic resistance pumped through the reactor water.

Signs free edges of these nozzles correspond to the internal diameter of the housing cavity" ensure the implementation of the nozzles of the above functions.

Signs of the second claim of the invention eliminate the circuit electrode on the reactor vessel.

The signs of the third claim of the invention enhance the smooth flow of internal electrode spiral upward flow of water.

The signs of the fourth claim of the invention eliminate the circuit electrode on the reactor vessel.

The claimed invention is illustrated in the drawings, figure 1 shows the reactor (front view, longitudinal section); figure 2 shows the same reactor (top view section a-A).

The reactor for the production of thermal energy includes a housing 1 with a pressure of 2 and drain 3 nozzles, and includes a triggering device in the form of two electrodes 4 and 5, the working parts of the electrode is cylindrical. They are aligned to each other and to the longitudinal axis 6 of the housing 1 of the reactor, while NR is šnē electrode 4 is made tubular, and in his oral cylindrical section 7 of the internal electrode 5. The surface of the electrodes 4 and 5, facing each other, separated by an interelectrode gap of 8 constituting 17-22 mm Electrodes 4 and 5 is placed in the cavity of the housing 1 reactor on the base plate 9 and insulated from the housing 1 reactor insulators 10. The connection of the electrodes to a source of electrical impulses carried out with the terminals 11. In the upper part of the reactor vessel installed dispenser 12 (made in the form of a pipe connected to a source of sea water, - not shown).

Pressure 2 and the drain 3 pipes placed horizontally and tangentially relative to the side walls of the housing 1 that, given the "cylindricity" reactor and placing pressure pipe 2 below discharge pipe 3 with match vector 13 spiral motion of fluid flow through them) enables the formation of the spiral upward flow 14 in the cavity of the housing 1. In addition, the discharge pipe 2 is placed below the lower edge 15 of the interelectrode gap 8. In addition, before entering into the interelectrode gap 8 is rigidly fixed impeller 16. The blades of the impeller posted by extra curl spiral upward flow 14 in the direction of the vector 13 of its movement, the lower edge 15 of the outer tubular electrode 4 SN is beena confused nozzle 17, the upper flange 18 provided with a diffuser nozzle 19, and the free edges of these nozzles 17 and 19 correspond to the inner diameter of the cavity of the housing 1.

Nozzles 17 and 19 are made of a dielectric material, for example PTFE. In addition, the ends of the internal electrode, facing up and down with fairing 20. In addition, the impeller 16 is fixed on the inner electrode 5.

The claimed device operates as follows.

The pressure nozzles 2 and the drain 3 connect the heat exchanger (not shown) and fill the entire system, including the body cavity of the reactor 1, fresh water. Open electrical circuit (switch circuit open) reactor via terminals 11 are connected to a source of AC voltage 220 and frequency 50 Hz.

Using the dispenser 12 in fresh water in the electrode gap between the working surfaces of the electrodes 4 and 5 as catalytic additives add sea water in an amount of 0.05 to 0.18 wt.%. Less than 0.05 wt.% the amount of seawater increases the acceleration of the reactor. More than of 0.18 wt.% the amount of seawater reduces the acceleration of the reactor, but, significantly increasing the speed of the chain reaction, complicates management. The reactor is ready to run. When voltage is applied to terminals 11 in the reactor vosburg what is the chemical chain reaction on a molecular ion level, as a result of which releases a significant amount of thermal energy. The development of a chain reaction is carried out according to the scheme

1. H2=H+h

2. H+O2=HE+O

3. HE+H2=H2O+N

4. O+H2=HE+N

Further operation of the reactor leads to samostirayuschuyusya avalanche process. Maintaining a relatively constant speed of excited chemical chain reaction is carried out by supplying the operating voltage to the electrodes 4 and 5 time intervals through a temporary pause. The timing of applying voltage to the electrodes and a temporary pause depend on many factors. In this particular example, the structural embodiment of the reactor to maintain the water temperature at the outlet of the reactor to 80°C time intervals enable the reactor to be 10-12 minutes, and a temporary pause to 40 minutes.

Due to the high activation process in the cavity electrode gap 8 is intensively heated and passed to the consumer on its heat exchanger (managed a chain of chemical reactions at the molecular-ion level is based on the widespread nature of the material (e.g., water)available range of temperatures (100°C-1000°C) and do not require any special conditions to ensure security and environmental cleanliness). Intense heat from megaelectron what about the gap 8-stimulated formation in it (and the lower part of the reactor 1) spiral upward flow 14.

Confused nozzle 17 provides the transmission of the total volume entering the reactor water through the interelectrode gap 8 with a smooth entrance spiral upward flow 14 in the interelectrode gap 8 with a continuous increase of its speed (thereby reducing the hydrodynamic resistance of the reactor to the movement of the pumped water through it), thus also improving the efficiency of the "work" of the impeller 16, additionally "Curling" spiral upward flow 14.

Diffuser nozzle 19 exclude the possibility of "spurious" zones of circulation of water between the external electrode 4 and the inner surface of the housing 1, in addition, provides a smooth exit spiral upward flow 14 through the drain pipe 3 and a gradual decrease its speed (excluding chaotic turbulization neglecting space reactor 1) and thereby reduces the hydrodynamic resistance of the reactor to the movement of the pumped water through it.

Due to the voluminous nature of the process such chain reactions heat transfer efficiency in them several dozen times higher than the heat transfer efficiency of existing heating systems that use surface mode of transmission of heat (e.g. heaters, etc.).

In the process of testing an experimental variant of the reactor after the filing of electrically the pulses to the electrodes of the reactor, the temperature of the treated water for 14 minutes rose from 16°C to 100°C. When the temperature of water is 100°C. the reactor was disconnected. To ensure the stability of the chain reaction process at a certain level, i.e. to ensure that a certain constant speed chain interactions of chemically active particles, subsequent connections of the reactor to the AC voltage source is carried out automatically after every 40 minutes 23 seconds for 10-12 minutes. During the whole time of experimental testing (56 hours and 30 minutes) the water temperature was 80°C ±3°C.

The inventive reactor can be widely used in various thermal systems for industrial and domestic use.

1. The reactor for the production of thermal energy, including water-filled cylindrical housing with the discharge pipe and drain pipe, the upper end of which is placed the metering pipe sea water, while the lower part of the cavity of the housing is fitted with electrodes connected to a source of electrical impulses made with the possibility of the formation zone activation work surfaces, facing each other, characterized in that the working parts of the electrodes is made cylindrical, coaxially with each other and the longitudinal axis of the reactor, while the outer electrode is made tubular, and hollow cylindrical section of the inner electrode, while Napo is hydrated and drain pipes placed horizontally and tangentially relative to the hull sides with the possibility of the formation of the spiral upward flow in the cavity of the housing, why the discharge pipe below the drain with the matching vector of the spiral motion of fluid flow through them, thus forcing nozzle is placed below the lower edge of the interelectrode gap, in addition, before entering into the interelectrode gap is fixed impeller extra curl of the fluid flow in the direction of its spiral movement, the lower edge of the outer tubular electrode is provided with a confused head, its upper edge is provided with a diffuser attachment, and the free edges of these nozzles correspond to the inner diameter of the body cavity.

2. The reactor according to claim 1, characterized in that the nozzle is made of a dielectric material.

3. The reactor according to claim 1, characterized in that the ends of the internal electrode, facing up and down, fairings fitted.

4. The reactor according to claim 1, characterized in that the impeller is fixed on the inner electrode.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: electric water heater comprises vertically arranged internal tank, external jacket, heat insulation layer installed between internal tank and jacket, tube for cold water supply, tube for hot water drain, heating element with temperature controller. The novelty in device is making the tank as all-metal seamless with upper and lower necks, and also tight fixation of one tube end for hot water drain in upper neck of tank and installation of this tube on external side of tank wall.

EFFECT: improved reliability and increased service life of device.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention is meant for water heating and can be used for heating and hot water supply. Electric boiler house includes electric boilers, storage tanks of heating and ventilation load which are connected to the above boilers and have the possibility of being operated in a closed circuit, hot water supply storage tank, increasing and circulation pumps and main-line pumps, hot water heater, shutoff valves, anti-scale magnet devices and automatic control devices forming the circuits of heating and ventilation load and hot water supply load. Heating and ventilation load circuit and hot water supply load circuit are made separately; heating and ventilation load circuit is equipped with a three-way switching device the inlet whereof is connected to the network pipeline of return heat carrier; one of the outlets is connected to electric boilers, and the other one is connected to the lower zone of storage tanks. Network pipeline of return heat carrier is connected to the lower zone of storage tanks with an additional line equipped with charge pumps.

EFFECT: improving technological reliability and informativity of electric boiler house and reducing labour input of operation thereof.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: chemical industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluid heaters and can be used in chemical industry while heating, combining advantages as heaters with heat transfer through the mass, as heaters with direct contact. Proposed heater includes bulky structure, in which there are implemented passages for creation of labyrinth for flow of heated medium, herewith size and location of passages provides location in it heater rod group so, that medium pass by passage with direct contact with heaters rod. In space between passage walls and heater rod, in a contact with it, it can be located coil spring or other coil element for providing of flow homogeneity around rods. It can be installed heat sensor, allowing direct contact with heating element, and to the sensor it can be installed bulky for withdrawal of heat excess from sensor during transient.

EFFECT: heater correct functionability ensured by heat passage improvement.

17 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: inventions refer to power engineering, and are namely used for heating living quarters and production facilities and for hot water supply. The essence of invention is that working liquid heating device containing a capacity, high pressure and low pressure pipelines, temperature relays, switches, and hydraulic valves, consists of a molecular condenser that is connected through closed contacts to electrodes of gas-discharge lamp located inside the pump arranged at the capacity bottom, the delivery cavity of which is connected through heat exchanger and check valve to hydraulic accumulator that is connected through electrically-operated valve to hydraulic turbine operating from working liquid pressure; at that, working liquid flow moving freely from hydraulic turbine operating from working liquid pressure enters hydraulic turbine operating from kinetic energy of incident working liquid flow, and heat exchanger for heating circulation liquid is located in a vertical plane above heat exchanger connecting pump to hydraulic accumulator; heat exchanger for heating circulation liquid and heat exchanger connecting pump to hydraulic accumulator are arranged in working liquid available in the capacity.

EFFECT: improving efficiency of the device.

2 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering, namely to direct conversion of electric energy into heat energy and can be used in hot water supply and heating systems. As for the method the result is achieved by supplying cold water to the casing of the electrode heating installation where it is heated up to the necessary temperature and the aqueous electrolyte is withdrawn to the heat exchanger. The above heating is carried out by providing for the low-temperature plasma in the aqueous electrolyte circulating in the heating loop, the plasma firing temperature is specified and adjusted by switching the groups of electrodes to the network in different sequence and different combination. Each of the above groups comprises at least four electrodes and the quantity of the group themselves amounts to at least five. The above sequence and combination of the electrode groups switched to the network is defined by the water electrical conductivity which is measured before the water is supplied to the installation casing. As for the device the claimed technical result is achieved due to the fact that the electrode heating installation comprises a casing fitted with a feeding branch pipe and a group of electrodes set on the casing; the casing is equipped by at least five groups of electrodes each of them consisting of four electrodes; both the groups and the electrodes in each group are distributed along the casing height and evenly in its whole volume in horizontal planes. The electrodes in each group are mounted with a shift in radial direction; the electrode ends of the first (lower) group are distanced from the casing axis at most and the electrode ends of the following groups are gradually approaching the axis.

EFFECT: development of a cost-saving method to convert electric energy into the heat one as well as an installation with simple design, control and compact dimensions ensuring implementation of the developed method and providing for the adjustment of power and heating temperature of liquid in wide range.

5 cl, 1 dwg

Hot water reservoir // 2353864

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hot water reservoir has a body which covers on all sides, the inner parts of the reservoir, the rear wall of which is used in the given mounted position as the rear mounting wall. The body consists of at least two components and an isolation groove, lying between them. The isolation groove in the mounted position is mainly horizontal. One component of the body is a solid box with given height, open at one end. The other component of the body is a cover which closes the opening on the box, the height of which is just part of the height of the box.

EFFECT: smaller dimensions and low costs of making the reservoir.

12 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to energy industry and can be used to heat fluid or gaseous medium by infrared radiation source. To achieve the aim the heat exchanger comprises at least one channel for the medium subject to heating which is made in the cavity of the exchanger casing where at least one infrared radiation source is mounted as well, an individual reflector of infrared rays is set axially to the channel to concentrate the rays at the channel including those parts of it which are inaccessible for the direct rays of the infrared radiation source. According to the second version an individual reflector of infrared rays is set axially to the channel for the medium subject to heating to concentrate the rays at the channel including those parts of it which are inaccessible for the direct rays of the infrared radiation source; the above channel is made by plates resulting in a plate-type heat exchanger. According to the third version the channel for the medium subject to heating is made as at least one flat spiral which can be serpentine-patterned. According to the fourth version the heat exchanger is made with the channel for the medium subject to heating in the form of collectors connected to each other by pipes. In all versions the channel for the medium subject to heating can be made from the materials which are radiolucent for infrared radiation.

EFFECT: increasing heating efficiency.

12 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and can be used in direct-flow water heaters. In a direct-flow heater with a heating module, which contains at least, one heating device, with a rotary master element for the preliminary selection of the power of heating, with at least, one stationary electric switching system, and with linearly moving depending on the flow of water to the link gear mechanism for an effect on the switching system, the link gear mechanism is rotary and is connected to the master element. The switching system, having only one switching element for each heating device switched on is provided, the link gear is effected in such a manner that only by way of a task the angle of rotation of the link gear mechanism relative to the switching system it is possible to preliminarily set the desired value of the power of heating and to power on this power by way of moving the link gear mechanism. With such implementation the heater has a minimum quantity of micro-switches and there is an opportunity to exploit it at choice or with in step-by-step controlled output or with a continuous preliminary selection of the power of heating.

EFFECT: creation of a direct-flow water heater with the possibility to exploit it at choice or with in step-by-step controlled output or with a continuous preliminary selection of the power of heating.

15 cl, 4 dwg

Water-heater // 2333431

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to energetics and can be used in direct-flow water heaters. In the water-heaters with a heating module, which in its heating section, at least, in the main annular internal space is connected to a supply and drainage, contains, at least one tubular heating element, the heating section has an interruption on the course or the ring, which defines two separate beginnings of the route of flow. At the break there is an inlet zone at the beginning of the course of the flow. The outlet device of the heating section connected with the discharge, removed from the inlet zone and located such that both routes of flow have approximately identical length from the inlet to the outlet device. During the working of such a water heater there is no uncontrollable mixing of cold and hot water, and parts of the heater with increased energy release are well cooled, which increases the operational reliability and increases durability of the heating element.

EFFECT: increase in the operational reliability of a heating element and increase in durability.

2 dwg, 14 cl

Electrode couple // 2331820

FIELD: heating; electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electrode couple contents tubular and mounted into its cavity phase electrodes with located between them insulator. At that working section of phase electrode is height implemented less than working section of tubular electrode by electric field curvature, created between phase and tubular electrodes during the electrode couple working. Length exceeding angle of tubular electrode at working zone edges of electrode couple - with respect to length of phase electrode is made from 30 to 60 degrees. Clearance in working zone of phase and tubular electrodes is made with variable cross-section forward the heat carrier. Diameters of phase and tubular electrode at the top and at the bottom parts of working zone are made correlate to each other. At the top part of phase electrode it is mounted additional insulator - coaxiality holder of phase and tubular electrodes.

EFFECT: such implementation of electrode couple allows to warm heat carrier more effective.

10 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: electric power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises shutting off the water discharge from the heater with the use of a gate controlled by an electromagnetic device and discharging water from the space upstream of the gate to reduce pressure.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability and protection from .

2 dwg

FIELD: manufacture of heating devices, possibly used in nuclear reactors.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes housing made of two envelopes; heaters; inlet and outlet branch pipes. Outer and inner envelopes of housing are mutually joined through spring in such a way that helical slit is formed for passing heat transfer agent. Heaters are in the form of copper sectors inside which cable type electric heaters are arranged. Clamp with locking sleeve is arranged along central axis of apparatus for forcing heaters to housing.

EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability of quick response easy-to-repair heating apparatus.

2 dwg

FIELD: heating bodies, primarily tanks holding chemical materials, such as salts, in chemical reactors.

SUBSTANCE: proposed induction heating device has at least one cylindrical induction coil coaxially disposed about body being heated which is connected to ac power supply and provided with external magnetic circuit enclosing it; novelty consists in that external magnetic circuit is proposed to be made so that its longitudinal dimension would exceed that of induction coil and ends of external magnetic circuit would protrude beyond induction coil edges by minimum half the size of air gap between inner surface of magnetic circuit and outer surface of body being heated. Induction heating device may have at least two cylindrical coils, distance between end portions of adjacent magnetic circuits amounting to minimum double size of air gap between inner surface of magnetic circuit and outer surface of body being heated.

EFFECT: enhanced uniformity of body (primarily tank) heating, reduced material input, enhanced power characteristics and reliability, as well as facilitated maintenance of device.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: heaters for fluid media.

SUBSTANCE: running water electric heater can be used for producing warmth, namely for devices with submerged electric heating elements. Electric heater has case, inlet and outlet branches. Electric heating module is mounted inside case of heater in parallel to its vertical axis. The module has casing made in form of closed container containing communicating vessels. Container is fixed inside case by means of quick-dismount joint. Vessels are separated by partition which has hole in its top part. S-shaped electric heating elements are mounted in any container. One container is connected with inlet branch pipe, the other one is connected with outlet branch pipe. Device also has pressure relay and thermal switch; both are mounted on casing of power terminal. Device has light-signal accessories. Input and output ends of any electric heating element are connected proof-tight with casing by means of soldering.

EFFECT: improved productivity; intensified heat exchange; reduced size; better work adaptability.

15 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heaters for fluid medium.

SUBSTANCE: running water electric heater belongs to devices with submerged electric heating elements. Electric heater has case, inlet and outlet branches, electric heating module made in form of casing which is made in turn in form of closed container containing cavities 5, 6 and 7. Container is fixed inside case in perpendicular to its vertical axis by means of quick-dismountable joint. Cavities 5 and 6 are separated by partition having a hole. Member for conducting flow of ware is made in form profiled plate and mounted inside cavity 7. W-shaped electric heating elements are mounted in cavities 5 and 6 Drainage pipe is fixed inside cavity 5. Device also has pressure relay and thermal switch. It also has terminals of electric power and light-signal accessories. Input and output ends of any electric heating element are connected proof-tight with casing by means of soldering.

EFFECT: improved productivity; intensified heat exchange; reduced size; better work adaptability.

15 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: heaters for fluid medium.

SUBSTANCE: running water electric heater belongs to devices with submerged electric heating elements. Electric heater has case, inlet and outlet branches, electric heating module made in form of casing which is made in turn in form of panels formed by flat sheets. Stamps are made in any sheet. Stamps join each other when getting in touch and form channels for passing fluid through. Electric heating element is mounted in channels. Shape and length of channels corresponds to shape and length of electric heating element. Electric heating module is connected with input and output branch pipes. Electric heater also has pressure relay, thermal switch and light-signal accessories.

EFFECT: improved reliability; higher productivity; better work adaptability.

7 cl, 3 dwg

Heating plant // 2271501

FIELD: water heating, applicable in heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: the plant has the sealed main tank made in the form of a constant-volume tank with inlet and outlet branch pipes and a cover, installed inside the tank are a liquid level detector and a thermoheater connected to the control unit, an additional tank is detachable and has an inlet connection, this tank has a liquid level detector and a cover, it is connected to the control unit, the cover carries a condensing device, check valve and heating components. The detachable tank is installed behind the heating components on the cover of the main tank that serves at the same time as the bottom of the additional tank. Fastened on the cover of the main tank are the inlet connection of the main tank with the check valve and the device for automatic air discharge made in the form of two interrelated check valves connected by a threaded pipe, they are positioned in the additional tank; one of the interrelated check valves is installed on the pipe connection of the main tank, fastened in the lower part of which is the outlet connection with a valve installed on it.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and simplified construction of the plant.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering, possibly heating of residence buildings, industrial rooms and providing hot water supply.

SUBSTANCE: electric heater includes mounted with gap multi-plate graphite electrodes connected by means of electric current leads and submerged into heated fluid. Solution of marine salt with concentration 50 -80 g/l is used as marine salt. System for enhancing efficiency of heating is based on non-identical heat effects of chemical reactions of generating carbon oxides during anode half-wave and on reduction of oxides during cathode half-wave of electric current. Gas generation on electrode surface at heating was not appeared.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of electric heating due to lowered energy consumption, simplified design of apparatus.

1 dwg

Fluid heater // 2290572

FIELD: systems for heating liquids fed through pipelines (in home or in different branches of industry), exploitation of pipeline transporting systems.

SUBSTANCE: heater includes housing in cavity of which electrodes are arranged with gap along the same axis in such a way that outer electrode embraces inner electrode; inlet and outlet chambers arranged respectively in end portions of housing. Electrodes are made of chemically inert electrically conducting material, possibly on base of carbon. Housing, inlet and outlet chambers are made of dielectric material. Outer electrode is mounted without gap on inner surface of housing. Size of cross section of inner surface of outer electrode gradually changes along its length. Size of cross section of surface of inner electrode turned to outer electrode gradually changes along its length. Inner electrode is mounted with possibility of reciprocation motion in cavity of outer electrode. Inlet chamber is provided with means for transforming translation motion of liquid to rotation. Outlet chamber is provide with means for transforming rotation of liquid to translation motion. Cyclone is used as means for transforming translation motion of liquid to rotation; housing of said cyclone is used as housing of inlet chamber. Tangential branch pipe of cyclone is communicated with return pipeline of heating system and its axial opening is communicated with receiving opening of heater housing. In order to transform rotation motion of liquid to its translation motion, cyclone is used. Housing of said cyclone serves as housing of outlet chamber, its tangential branch pipe is communicated with inlet pipeline of heating system and its axial opening is communicated with outlet opening of heater housing, and walls of scrolls are formed as Archimedean or Pascal's helix. Conicity of outer electrode is less than that of inner electrode. Inner electrode is arranged as lining of cone tip secured to one end of rod whose other end is provided with thread and arranged in opening with similar thread whose axis coincides with lengthwise axis of electrodes. Said opening is formed in end wall of outlet chamber. Lengthwise axis of electrodes is arranged vertically. In end wall of inlet chamber there is opening closed by detachable pan.

EFFECT: increased resource of heater, reduced dependence of heater operational efficiency from quality of water preparation.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: heat power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: heater comprises closed planar magnetic system with rods, yokes, and electrical winding mounted on the rods. The rods and yokes are made of pipes and define a system for flowing and heating fluid, e.g. liquid. The pipe-rods receive cylinders are provided with outer screw side that swirls the flow of fluid. The pipe-yokes receive baffles.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

Up!