Device to input data on bike wheel size into bike computer
SUBSTANCE: bike computer (3) incorporates at least two data input devices (4, 5) to input data on at least two wheel sizes. Every of at least two bikes with different wheel sizes has receptacle (8, 9) for bike computer (3) to be fixed therein. Every receptacle (8, 9) comprises device (6, 7) to transmit data on wheel size. Aforesaid device communicates solely with data input device (4, 5) that operates with the data on adequate wheel size.
EFFECT: simple, reliable and practically automatic tuning of bike computer to correct wheel size.
14 cl, 2 dwg
The technical field
The present invention relates to a device for input to computer data about the size of a bike wheel with a data entry tool, located on the included.
The level of technology
Usually cyclists own more than one bike. Use at least two different types of bikes - one is to drive on the road and one for off-road driving. The bike computer, located most often on the handlebars of the bike, known in practice. With their help, the operating characteristics are removed, are calculated and displayed. The athlete of perfect work, in particular on the traversed distance and speed, is now standard, including the athletes.
On the handlebars of a Bicycle is usually receiving element included that is installed there is removable. Configured to correct wheel size computer can now accept impulses from located on the spokes of the wheel sensor pulses, and calculate and display the desired characteristics.
If, now, the cyclist will want to change the bike, it is important for it will set your computer on currently used bike. As bikes have different size wheels, the cyclist must configure your velocomputer on the actual wheel size. In practice there are two main methods of data entry. In accordance with one input in the form of toggle buttons can be manually powered, resulting in the processing unit included are set up in wheel size, stored in the memory device. In accordance with another method can be used to perform programming by pressing menu included. Programming included is difficult due to its small size and often can only be made when using pointed objects to pressure on recessed in the housing contact pins. Mostly, extensive instruction manual pushes the cyclist wishes to read it. With the inclusion of the above mentioned buttons there is no possibility of control, whether strongly it was pressed and if she wasn't accidentally pressed twice. Such device settings require effort and time, and thus the probability of error. For athletes, focused on performance, unpleasant, if corrupted data lead to erroneous parameters.
Disclosure of inventions
Proceeding from the known practice of the prior art in the basis of the present invention is the task of creating a device of the type in question, and welocome the Ter is configured on the correct wheel size just reliable and almost automatically.
The above task is solved by the characteristics of claim 1 of the claims. Accordingly, the device of this type implemented in such a way that the computer has at least two means of data entry at least two sizes of wheels, and the bike made (attached) means for transferring data about the size of a bike wheel, and the tool data interacts exclusively with the tool data entry included, which corresponds to a given wheel size of the bike.
According to the invention it was found that setting the correct size for the selected wheel bike can be simplified, if the computer has multiple means of data entry for various sizes of wheels in accordance with the number of bikes. Thus, for each particular size of the corresponding wheel of the bike available means of data entry, which can interact with the tool data, made relevant (i.e. typical or specific) for a Bicycle or wheel size. Thanks to the coordinated work of a funds transfer characteristic for a given wheel size, and a data entry tool that is specific to the size of the wheels, the rider no longer need the most to make a choice. This, on the one hand, eliminates a source of errors, and on the other hand, avoids time-consuming using the menu included. In accordance with this invention it leads to a reliable and simple setup included.
According to a simple and reliable implementation variant of the invention a data entry tool can be made in the form of electrically conductive contacts, each of which communicates with the appropriate means of data transfer, made in the form of electrically conductive contacts. A data entry tool can defend each other, so that this spatial separation supports differentiation in relation to mechanical contact
Tool data can be part of per se known receiving element included. Among the conductive contacts mentioned device of the present invention are considered flat metal and/or plug contacts. Given the easy handling and low risk of damage, preferred are a little protruding contacts. According structurally advantageous form of execution of the tool data can be performed in the form of a flat contact, while the input can be designed as a contact pin with spring support. Contact pin with PR is jinnai support may be rounded at the free end and only slightly protrude from the casing wall included.
Typical wheel size of the input tool data and tool data coincide with each other in shape and size during layout included in the receiving element, so that due to electrical contact between the wheel size in the included can be set by entering values in the tool data. With this tool data can be, on the one hand, given such a function, it triggers the input in accordance with the size of the wheel or produces actuation settings only through the actuation means of the input. With this method take into account the dimensions of the wheels are already stored in the included. On the other hand, there is also the possibility that the data transfer occurs from any of the electronic circuit contained in the receiving element. Using the last of these possibilities extraneous bikes, whose size wheels are not stored in the included, also be suitable for use.
Simple structural variant to achieve a match or to create an electrical contact between the input tool data and tool data involves positioning the tool input data included on its lower side, and the vehicle data receiving element on the top is the thoron included. In this case, in the assembled condition, the lower side included is turned to the upper side of the receiving element, and the contacts are electrically connected.
Comparing the location of the data communication of the first receiving element of the first bike with tool location data of the second receiving element of the second bike in the present invention, it is expedient provided by the distance that corresponds to the distance between the two means of entering data included. The main idea is to provide multiple means of data entry, interacting with the means of data transfer is realized by the fact that the funds transfer data of different bikes are placed so that they can interact only with a single input included. Confusion is eliminated, as already at the location included in the receiving element, rigidly mounted position input characteristic for a given wheel size, relative to the tool data.
Alternatively can be used contactless technology through the transfer of signals between the available in the form of a transmitter means for transferring data and the corresponding receiver included. Different sredstava data included can be represented by different frequencies of the receiver, responsive to a signal corresponding to the wheel size of the corresponding data communication corresponding to the bike. When using option "transmitter - frequency receiver" preferred, you can also take advantage of the constructive possibilities of communication between the receiver element on the bike and included. So how to implement different frequency receiver is a little hard, a data entry tool can be designed in such a way that there is only one reception frequency, which, however, able to recognize different coding systems, so this configures the correct wheel size.
So now the computer in a suitable position to communicate with the receiver element, the latter may have a recess for installation included. Between the recess of the receiving element and protruding from the bottom surface of the fastener included can be constructed plug connection. For example, the fastener may have an external thread, and the recess is threaded, but it is also possible latches bayonet type. In this embodiment of the invention a data entry tool can be located outside the area of the protruding fasteners included, on the bottom surface, BP is me as a means of data transmission can be located on the boundary region, surrounding the recess of the receiving element.
Taking into account the desired access included all special for this bike and personal data or external data, such as for example, heart rate or tall sizes, the receiving element may contain a means of data processing, which also contains in its memory the criterion wheel size. In this case, assume to our own source of energy for the receiving element.
In a very simple embodiment of the device according to the present invention using the data input of wheel size, on the one hand, and the frequency of the pulses from located on the magnetic wheel sensor pulses converted by the detector into an electrical signal, on the other hand, are transmitted to the input and thus the processing unit included. The necessary energy is transmitted through contact included to supply energy to the contact for receiving power receiving element.
Other contacts between the included and the receiver element may relate to the cadence. The function proposed by the present invention device for entering data on the size of the wheels can therefore be expanded.
A brief list of figures
There are various who's who of agnosti appropriate way to enhance and improve the technical solution, presented by the present invention. For this purpose, on the one hand, it is necessary to refer to the claims, and on the other hand, the subsequent explanation of the example embodiment of the invention by means of the figures of the drawings. On the basis of the example of implementation described using the figures of the drawings, explains the options for implementation and improvement of technical solutions. The figures depict the following.
Figure 1. General view of the device according to the present invention (sketch diagram). Figure 2. An example implementation of the device of the present invention (scheme).
The implementation of the invention
Figure 1 shows the General schematic view of the device for input to computer 3 data about the size of a bike wheel 1, 2 according to the present invention.
Computer 3 has two tools 4, 5 input data for the two sizes of wheels for bike 1 or bike 2. Each bike 1, 2 attached to the tool 6, 7 data size Bicycle wheels 1, 2. Tool 6 data when it interacts exclusively with the tool 4 input data that are explained by using the arrow A. the Tool 7 data interacts exclusively with the tool 5 input data included 3, which is depicted by the arrow C. Each tool 4, 5 input data belongs to the same size wheels this bike 1, 2 Values for both size wheels stored in the included 3.
From figure 2 it follows that the means 4, 5 input data according to the variant described here implement made in the form of electrically conductive contacts, and are separated from each other. Each of the tools 6, 7 data is an integral part of the receiving element 8, 9 and also presented in the form of conductive contact. Computer 3 is kept receiving element 8, 9.
The means 4, 5 input data included 3 are located on the bottom 10. The means 6, 7 data receiving element 8, 9 is located on its upper side 11.
At the location of the included 3 at the receiving element 8, 9 bottom 10 included 3 lies on the upper side 11 of the receiving element 8, 9. This means 6 or 7 data receiving element 8 or 9 and means 4 or 5 input data included 3 combined at the receiving element 8 or 9 and electrically interact, so the size of the wheels on the included 3 can be set according to the specified value using the tools 6, 7 data.
From the comparison of both receiving elements 8 and 9 it follows that the tool 6 data of the first receiving element 9 of the first Bicycle 1 in contrast to the means 7 of the data of the second receiving element 8 of the second Bicycle 2 is located at a distance from him, and the distance between the means 6, 7 data of the first and the showing of receiving elements 8, 9 corresponds to the distance between the two means 4, 5 input data included 3.
Position 12 marked the cable together with a connection to the receiving element 8, 9, through which the electrical signals reach each of the tools 6, 7 data. Electrical signals coming from a reed switch, which translates the magnetic pulses secured to the spokes of a Bicycle 1 or 2 of the magnetic sensor. These electrical signals are sent to the tool 6 or 7 data and trigger means 4 or 5 data entry that leads to the correct size wheels included. At the same time also transmitted and impulses.
For the health of the device according to the invention the necessary supply of energy. It occurs through contact 13 included 3 for power supply and contacts 14, 15 of the reception power of each of the receiving elements 8, 9. Here during the installation included in the receiving element 8, 9 is also provided a combination of contacts 13, 14 or 13, 15.
Receiving element 8, 9 has a recess 16 for installation serving fasteners 17 included 3. Between the recess 16 of the receiving element 8, 9 and protruding from the bottom surface 10 of the mounting part 17 included 3 can be constructed plug connection. The recess 16 has not detailed opennessto for education connection. Appropriate connections are also provided on the fastener 17.
The means 4, 5 input data are outside the scope of the protruding fasteners 17. The recess 16 of the receiving element 8, 9 is surrounded by a detail not described boundary region, which contains the means 6, 7 data. On the upper side, lying opposite the bottom side 10 included 3, provided the indicator.
Links to other, not shown in the figures, the signs are listed in the main part of the description.
In conclusion, we should point out that the concept of the invention discussed above is not limited to an example implementation.
1. The input device about the size of a bike wheel (1, 2) computer (3) with means (4, 5) input data included (3), characterized in that the computer (3) has at least two means (4, 5) input data for at least two sizes of wheels, and provides a means of transferring data (6, 7), made with the possibility of joining the Bicycle (1, 2), for transmission to the wheel size of the Bicycle (1, 2), and this tool (6, 7) data interacts exclusively with the means (4, 5) input data included (3), which corresponds to the actual size of the bike wheel (1,2).
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the means (4, 5) data entry is made in view of the electrically conductive contacts, which are separated from each other.
3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the means (6, 7) data is an integral part of the receiving element (8, 9) included (3) and preferably made in the form of electrically conductive contact.
4. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the means (6, 7) data receiving element (8, 9) and means (4, 5) input data included (3) are combined and electrically interact so that the size of the wheels on the included (3) can be set in accordance with a specified value by using the means (6, 7) of the data transfer.
5. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the means (4, 5) input data included (3) are located on the lower side (10)and means (6, 7) data receiving element (8, 9) is located on the upper side (11).
6. Device according to one of claim 2, 4 and 5, characterized in that the means (6) data transmission to the first receiving element (9) of the first bike (1) is located at a distance from the means (7) transfer of the second receiving element (8) of the second bike (2), and the distance between the means (6, 7) data of the first and second receiving elements (8, 9) corresponds to the distance between the two means (4, 5) input data included (3).
7. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the means of data transfer executed in the form of re is Attica and transmits the signal on the size of the wheels on the available input, made in the form of receiver.
8. The device according to claim 7, characterized in that the transmitter is located at the receiving element included that is configured to attach to the bike.
9. Device according to one of claims 4 and 5, to 8, characterized in that the receiving element (8, 9) has a recess (16) for installation included (3).
10. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that it is made with the possibility of installing a removable connection between the recess (16) of the receiving element (8, 9) and protruding from the bottom side (10) fastener (17) included (3).
11. The device according to claim 10, characterized in that on the underside (10) included (3) outside the scope of the protruding coupling parts (17) are means (4, 5) input data.
12. Device according to one of p and 11, characterized in that the recess (16) of the receiving element (8, 9) surrounded by the boundary region containing means (6, 7) of the data transfer.
13. Device according to one of claims 1 and 2, 4, and 5, 7 and 8, 10 and 11, characterized in that the receiving element (8, 9) includes a processing unit, which contains in its memory at least the criterion wheel size.
14. The data device according to one of claims 4 and 5, 10 and 11, characterized in that the receiving element (8, 9) contains the contact (14) for receiving energy, which interacts with a contact (13) included (3) for pod and energy.
FIELD: information technologies; transportation.
SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in points of traffic accounting for definition of traffic flow composition. It is most reasonable to use invention in the roads having multiple traffic lanes. According to suggested method, transport vehicle availability is detected by measurement of distance at least from one available point in space to surface. When measured distance becomes less than critical, availability of transport vehicle is considered as defined. Then distances are measured at least from one available point in space to points of transport vehicle surface at least at one available moment of time relative to moment of transport vehicle availability definition. When required, transport vehicle movement speed is identified. Using obtained information, geometric parameters of transport vehicle are identified, and decision on it type is made.
EFFECT: reduced cost and complexity of transport vehicle identification device with the same validity of identification.
10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: physics; acoustics.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns technical solutions used with reference to vehicles "black boxes" for allocation of spectral characteristics of sounds of speech. According to the method, an ultrasonic signal is registered, its transformation to a digital form is carried out, the digitised signal is broken into overlapped windows with bias of a reference mark of each subsequent window concerning by the beginnings of each previous window. Signal fragments in each window are exposed to discrete Fourier transformation and the bank of the obtained real and imaginary parts is created. The Fourier spectrum is calculated and normalised, basic signals are shaped in the form of wavelet-functions and their resultants are obtained with entourage of every component of the normalised Fourier spectrum, the obtained resultants are consolidated, forming a resultant matrix of resultants. Boundary conditions for band segmentation of a general voice component are formed by splitting to subbands. The components of a resultant matrix of resultants are separated for the frequency range of a general voice component, having coefficients, multiple to frequency of a general component, and they are summarised. The peak value of a resultant matrix and argument corresponding to the peak value is defined for each of subband frequencies of a general voice component, the vector of informative signs representing range of pairs of maximum values and arguments corresponding to them are formed. Standards of similarity of pairs are formed with use of range of vectors of informative signs and standards of similarity of pairs, weights of sequence of the informative signs, characterising presence of a lined spectrum in a signal. By means of the generated weights of sequence of informative signs sequences of the components of informative signs are sorted out and the spectrums possessing flatness and smoothness of general component frequency dynamics are separated; real and imaginary parts of the separated spectrums are chosen from the bank of real and imaginary parts of Fourier transformation and registered in the form of amplitude-frequency characteristics of voiced sounds. The method is realised by the system containing consistently joined numeral recorder, the digitisation block, the block of discrete Fourier transformation, a block of Fourier spectrum normalisation, a shaper of a resultant of a matrix of convolutions, a adder, a registrar of the peak values, the shaper of a vector of signs, a block of lag lines, a block of formation of weights of sequence of informative signs, a block of search of sequence a builder of informative signs and allocation of the spectrums possessing flatness and smoothness of dynamics of frequency of a general component, a comparator, a selector of components of Fourier transformation and the block of recording of informative signs. Also the power unit, a storage block, a generator of basic signals, a shaper of frequency band parametres dissection of a voice general component, a shaper of standards of similarity and a shaper of threshold level are included into system.
EFFECT: increase of accuracy of definition of parametres of voiced sounds flat spectrums.
4 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wheeled vehicle body rear part has two hatches. The cabin is divided into a driver's and hardware compartments by a load-bearing partition. The hardware compartment accommodates two mast lifting appliances linked up with their drives and passed through the said hatches. The posts upper parts are furnished with rotary support assemblies allowing the azimuthal and elevation motion. The rotary support assemblies carry the target detection and identification system radio electronic pickups. One of the said pickups represents a radar furnished with a magnetic compass, while the other one represents a combination of thermal imager, video camera and laser range-finder.
EFFECT: compact design, low power consumption, fast operation, ease of use and higher reliability.
9 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: physics; control.
SUBSTANCE: present invention pertains to regulation of movement of motor transport and can be used for detecting means of transport. The system has a requester, put on a control point, and a transponder, put on the means of transport. The requester and transponder exchange signals on a radio link, set up using direct-sequencing spread spectrum with pseudorandom frequency hopping and time division channelling. The requester has the first radio controller with a built-in antenna, connected to an interface for connecting an external antenna, as well as with an external memory unit, liquid crystal monitor and command input unit. The transponder has the second radio controller with a built-in antenna, connected to an external memory unit, a unit for input of analogue and discrete signals and with a relay-controlled output unit. The radio controllers can detect and identify means of transport during exchange of service signals without setting up connection between the requester and the transponder. If connection is set up between the requester and the transponder, the radio controllers can obtain unidentifiable information from the means of transport, assigned to the means of transport during manufacturing. Radio controllers also enter data into the electronic passport of the means of transport through the radio controller interface either on radio links and/or act on the means of transport through the relay-controlled output unit.
EFFECT: increased operational capabilities of the system.
FIELD: methods and devices for controlling traffics.
SUBSTANCE: system includes inquisitor mounted in control station and transponder arranged in motor vehicle. Question setter includes computer, display, video camera, control board, first transmitter, first isolating member, first receiver and first transceiver antenna 10. First transmitter includes first driving generator, first phase manipulator, first heterodyne unit, first mixer, first intermediate frequency ωint1 amplifier and first power amplifier. First receiver includes second power amplifier, second heterodyne unit, second mixer, first amplifier 2 of second intermediate frequency ωint2, first multiplier, first band filter and first phase detector. Transponder includes second transceiver antenna, second isolating member, second receiver, inverter, decoder, second transmitter, comparing unit, address counter, first and second ROM units, switch and timing pulse generator. Second transmitter includes second driving generator, second phase manipulator, third heterodyne unit, third mixer, amplifier of intermediate frequency ωint and third power amplifier. Second receiver includes fourth power amplifier, fourth heterodyne unit, fourth mixer, second amplifier of second intermediate frequency, second multiplier, second band filter and second phase detector. In order to exchange discrete information through radio system between inquisitor and transponder unit, complex phase-manipulated signals are used.
EFFECT: improved reliability of identifying motor vehicle.
FIELD: traffic control.
SUBSTANCE: system has challenger mounted at any check point, and response-receiver placed at any transportation vehicles; challenger and response-receiver exchange info through radio channel. Any challenger has transmitter connected in series with de-coupling unit and directional aerial, as well as receiver which has input connected with second output of de-coupling unit. Any response-receiver has directional aerial connected in series with de-coupling unit and receiver connected with transmitter, which has output connected with second unit of de-coupling unit, as well as code number memory cell. Any challenger has video camera additionally. Outputs of video cameras are connected with first input of computer through matching unit, which computer is installed at any check point. Second input of computer is connected with outputs of receiver of challenger through second matching unit. First output of computer is connected with inputs of corresponding transmitters of challengers through third matching unit. Second output of computer is connected with inputs of video cameras through third matching unit. Challengers are disposed above lines of road in such a way that directional pattern of any directional aerial doesn't go out of borders of corresponding row line of road. Directional aerials of response-receivers are disposed at top part of transportation vehicle in such a way that directional patter embraces challenger disposed above that specific lane of road.
EFFECT: widened functional abilities; ability of recognition of transportation vehicles on multi-lane highway; improved precision of measurement of speed.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: falsification protection techniques.
SUBSTANCE: device for protection against motor vehicle identification signs falsification contains microcomputer (1), communicators (2), vehicle element falsification protection means (3), and information playback means (4). Device monitors, analyzes, and makes decisions regarding vehicle and its number plate. Device certificates them automatically under control of preloaded software or under control of administrative body by wireless communication channel, and passes the information outside based on the results of independent detection.
EFFECT: provided function of motor vehicle identification signs legality status monitoring.
13 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: engineering of recognition and guidance systems for parking aircrafts.
SUBSTANCE: for recognition of an aircraft laser distance meter is used, which is used to track aircraft and produce contour on basis of reflected signals, which is then compared to known contours. To differentiate from planes with alike contours laser distance meter is aligned to space, where sign presence is expected, for example, an engine, and to other space, where sign presence is not expected. Signals, reflected from both spaces, are used to determine, whether engine is at expected position. If so, than aircraft is recognized as an airplane of expected type, and it is allowed to park. In opposite case airplane is stopped until further notice. As an additional identification sign, height of airplane head can be used.
EFFECT: increased safety and efficiency of parking procedure.
6 cl, 24 dwg, 2 tbl
FIELD: automatic equipment for controlling traffic flow on roads.
SUBSTANCE: system for controlling vehicles has electronic device, mounted on vehicle and capable of storing information about vehicle, receiving signal from querying device and transmitting response signal to querying device, which is connected to unified telecommunication network with database, wherein received information is processed. In electronic device of vehicle identification number of vehicle is stored, assigned to it during primary registration, and also stored is time of last response to signal of querying device.
EFFECT: higher precision and trustworthiness of control of vehicles passing by device.
5 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: information technologies.
SUBSTANCE: invention contains description of systems and methods for automatic installation and using of filters for multimedia data processing. Installed filters later are called by other system processes such as device drivers, applications and software for data collection and processing. Filters are objects which can be used by multiple processes at any current moment. Search and numbering of installed filters may be performed by filter control service according to their categories.
EFFECT: enhancement of system processes multimedia functionality.
23 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: physics, measurements.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to metering equipment and may find application in systems of surface transport vehicle operation. In order to achieve this result, vibration intensity is measured and analysed. Operational time is determined, as well as distance passed by transport vehicle under conditions of higher vibration effect. Transport vehicle shock absorber condition is analysed. By comparison of input and output vibration signals ratio to the specified value, as well as operational time and distance passed by transport vehicle under condition of higher vibration level, transport vehicle condition is assessed.
EFFECT: expansion of functional resources.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: physics, measurement.
SUBSTANCE: to achieve the objective, inertia level of braking system is defined by measuring time interval between brake pedal pressing moment and initial moment of vehicle speed decline. Current inertia values are compared to reference values. If current value is higher than reference value, inertia level excess in braking system is detected. Initial braking conditions are defined by defining vehicle speed at the moment of braking beginning, reference overload values are defined for data on initial braking conditions. Current overload values are compared to reference values. Braking system condition is indicated if current overload values are exceeded. Braking distance of vehicle is defined from initial speed decline moment to full stop.
EFFECT: enhanced self-descriptiveness of system.
3 cl, 3 dwg